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Latest Version Docker Hub Maven Build Java17 Kotlin Docker Pulls GitHub stars

S3Mock

S3Mock is a lightweight server that implements parts of the Amazon S3 API.
It has been created to support local integration testing by reducing infrastructure dependencies.

The S3Mock server can be started as a standalone Docker container, through the Testcontainers, JUnit4, JUnit5 and TestNG support, or programmatically.

Changelog

See the changelog for detailed information about changes in releases and planned changes.
We also use GitHub's releases to document changes.

Implemented S3 APIs

The following actions are supported by Amazon S3, but not all are implemented by S3Mock.

API Implementation
AbortMultipartUpload
CompleteMultipartUpload
CopyObject
CreateBucket
CreateMultipartUpload
DeleteBucket
DeleteBucketAnalyticsConfiguration
DeleteBucketCors
DeleteBucketEncryption
DeleteBucketIntelligentTieringConfiguration
DeleteBucketInventoryConfiguration
DeleteBucketLifecycle
DeleteBucketMetricsConfiguration
DeleteBucketOwnershipControls
DeleteBucketPolicy
DeleteBucketReplication
DeleteBucketTagging
DeleteBucketWebsite
DeleteObject
DeleteObjects
DeleteObjectTagging
DeletePublicAccessBlock
GetBucketAccelerateConfiguration
GetBucketAcl
GetBucketAnalyticsConfiguration
GetBucketCors
GetBucketEncryption
GetBucketIntelligentTieringConfiguration
GetBucketInventoryConfiguration
GetBucketLifecycle - Deprecated in S3 API
GetBucketLifecycleConfiguration
GetBucketLocation
GetBucketLogging
GetBucketMetricsConfiguration
GetBucketNotification
GetBucketNotificationConfiguration
GetBucketOwnershipControls
GetBucketPolicy
GetBucketPolicyStatus
GetBucketReplication
GetBucketRequestPayment
GetBucketTagging
GetBucketVersioning
GetBucketWebsite
GetObject
GetObjectAcl
GetObjectAttributes
GetObjectLegalHold
GetObjectLockConfiguration
GetObjectRetention
GetObjectTagging
GetObjectTorrent
GetPublicAccessBlock
HeadBucket
HeadObject
ListBucketAnalyticsConfigurations
ListBucketIntelligentTieringConfigurations
ListBucketInventoryConfigurations
ListBucketMetricsConfigurations
ListBuckets
ListMultipartUploads
ListObjects - Deprecated in S3 API
ListObjectsV2
ListObjectVersions
ListParts
PutBucketAccelerateConfiguration
PutBucketAcl
PutBucketAnalyticsConfiguration
PutBucketCors
PutBucketEncryption
PutBucketIntelligentTieringConfiguration
PutBucketInventoryConfiguration
PutBucketLifecycle - Deprecated in S3 API
PutBucketLifecycleConfiguration
PutBucketLogging
PutBucketMetricsConfiguration
PutBucketNotification
PutBucketNotificationConfiguration
PutBucketOwnershipControls
PutBucketPolicy
PutBucketReplication
PutBucketRequestPayment
PutBucketTagging
PutBucketVersioning
PutBucketWebsite
PutObject
PutObjectAcl
PutObjectLegalHold
PutObjectLockConfiguration
PutObjectRetention
PutObjectTagging
PutPublicAccessBlock
RestoreObject
SelectObjectContent
UploadPart
UploadPartCopy
WriteGetObjectResponse

File System Structure

S3Mock stores Buckets, Objects, Parts and other data on disk.
This lets users inspect the stored data while the S3Mock is running.
If the config property retainFilesOnExit is set to true, this data will not be deleted when S3Mock is shut down.

FYI
While it may be possible to start S3Mock on a root folder from a previous run and have all data available through the S3 API, the structure and contents of the files are not considered Public API, and are subject to change in later releases.
Also, there are no automated test cases for this behaviour.

Root-Folder

S3Mock stores buckets and objects a root-folder.

This folder is expected to be empty when S3Mock starts. See also FYI above.

/<root-folder>/

Buckets

Buckets are stored as a folder with their name as created through the S3 API directly below the root:

/<root-folder>/<bucket-name>/

BucketMetadata is stored in a file in the bucket directory, serialized as JSON.
BucketMetadata contains the "key" -> "uuid" dictionary for all objects uploaded to this bucket among other data.

/<root-folder>/<bucket-name>/bucketMetadata

Objects

Objects are stored in folders below the bucket they were created in. A folder is created that uses the Object's UUID assigned in the BucketMetadata as a name.

/<root-folder>/<bucket-name>/<uuid>/

Object data is stored below that UUID folder.

Binary data is always stored in a file binaryData

/<root-folder>/<bucket-name>/<uuid>/binaryData

Object metadata is serializes as JSON and stored as objectMetadata

/<root-folder>/<bucket-name>/<uuid>/objectMetadata

Multipart Uploads

Multipart Uploads are created in a bucket using object keys and an uploadId.
The object is assigned a UUID within the bucket (stored in BucketMetadata).
The Multipart upload metadata is currently not stored on disk.

The parts folder is created below the object UUID folder named with the uploadId:

/<root-folder>/<bucket-name>/<uuid>/<uploadId>/

Each part is stored in the parts folder with the partNo as name and .part as a suffix.

/<root-folder>/<bucket-name>/<uuid>/<uploadId>/<partNo>.part

Usage

Configuration

The mock can be configured with the following environment parameters:

  • validKmsKeys: list of KMS Key-Refs that are to be treated as valid.
    • KMS keys must be configured as valid ARNs in the format of "arn:aws:kms:region:acct-id:key/key-id", for example "arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:1234567890:key/valid-test-key-id"
    • The list must be comma separated keys like arn-1, arn-2
    • When requesting with KMS encryption, the key ID is passed to the SDK / CLI, in the example above this would be "valid-test-key-id".
    • S3Mock does not implement KMS encryption, if a key ID is passed in a request, S3Mock will just validate if a given Key was configured during startup and reject the request if the given Key was not configured.
  • initialBuckets: list of names for buckets that will be available initially.
    • The list must be comma separated names like bucketa, bucketb
  • root: the base directory to place the temporary files exposed by the mock.
  • debug: set to true to enable Spring Boot's debug output.
  • trace: set to true to enable Spring Boot's trace output.
  • retainFilesOnExit: set to true to let S3Mock keep all files that were created during its lifetime. Default is false, all files are removed if S3Mock shuts down.

S3Mock Docker

The S3Mock Docker container is the recommended way to use S3Mock.
It is released to Docker Hub.
The container is lightweight, built on top of the official Linux Alpine image.

Start using the command-line

Starting on the command-line:

docker run -p 9090:9090 -p 9191:9191 -t adobe/s3mock

The port 9090 is for HTTP, port 9191 is for HTTPS.

Start using the Fabric8 Docker-Maven-Plugin

Our integration tests are using the Amazon S3 Client to verify the server functionality against the S3Mock. During the Maven build, the Docker image is started using the docker-maven-plugin and the corresponding ports are passed to the JUnit test through the maven-failsafe-plugin. See AmazonClientUploadIT how it's used in the code.

This way, one can easily switch between calling the S3Mock or the real S3 endpoint and this doesn't add any additional Java dependencies to the project.

Start using Testcontainers

The S3MockContainer is a Testcontainer implementation that comes pre-configured exposing HTTP and HTTPS ports. Environment variables can be set on startup.

The example S3MockContainerJupiterTest demonstrates the usage with JUnit 5. The example S3MockContainerManualTest demonstrates the usage with plain Java.

Testcontainers provides integrations for JUnit 4, JUnit 5 and Spock.
For more information, visit the Testcontainers website.

To use the S3MockContainer, use the following Maven artifact in test scope:

<dependency>
 <groupId>com.adobe.testing</groupId>
 <artifactId>s3mock-testcontainers</artifactId>
 <version>...</version>
 <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

S3Mock Java

S3Mock Java libraries are released and published to the Sonatype Maven Repository and subsequently published to the official Maven mirrors.

⚠️ WARNING
Using the Java libraries is discouraged, see explanation below
Using the Docker image is encouraged to insulate both S3Mock and your application at runtime.

S3Mock is built using Spring Boot, if projects use S3Mock by adding the dependency to their project and starting the S3Mock during a JUnit test, classpaths of the tested application and of the S3Mock are merged, leading to unpredictable and undesired effects such as class conflicts or dependency version conflicts.
This is especially problematic if the tested application itself is a Spring (Boot) application, as both applications will load configurations based on availability of certain classes in the classpath, leading to unpredictable runtime behaviour.

This is the opposite of what software engineers are trying to achieve when thoroughly testing code in continuous integration...

S3Mock dependencies are updated regularly, any update could break any number of projects.
See also issues labelled "dependency-problem".

See also the Java section below

Start using the JUnit4 Rule

The example S3MockRuleTest demonstrates the usage of the S3MockRule, which can be configured through a builder.

To use the JUnit4 Rule, use the following Maven artifact in test scope:

<dependency>
 <groupId>com.adobe.testing</groupId>
 <artifactId>s3mock-junit4</artifactId>
 <version>...</version>
 <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

Start using the JUnit5 Extension

The S3MockExtension can currently be used in two ways:

  1. Declaratively using @ExtendWith(S3MockExtension.class) and by injecting a properly configured instance of AmazonS3 client and/or the started S3MockApplication to the tests. See examples: S3MockExtensionDeclarativeTest (for SDKv1) or S3MockExtensionDeclarativeTest (for SDKv2)

  2. Programmatically using @RegisterExtension and by creating and configuring the S3MockExtension using a builder. See examples: S3MockExtensionProgrammaticTest (for SDKv1) or S3MockExtensionProgrammaticTest (for SDKv2)

To use the JUnit5 Extension, use the following Maven artifact in test scope:

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.adobe.testing</groupId>
  <artifactId>s3mock-junit5</artifactId>
  <version>...</version>
  <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

Start using the TestNG Listener

The example S3MockListenerXMLConfigurationTest demonstrates the usage of the S3MockListener, which can be configured as shown in testng.xml. The listener bootstraps S3Mock application before TestNG execution starts and shuts down the application just before the execution terminates. Please refer to IExecutionListener

To use the TestNG Listener, use the following Maven artifact in test scope:

<dependency>
 <groupId>com.adobe.testing</groupId>
 <artifactId>s3mock-testng</artifactId>
 <version>...</version>
 <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

Start programmatically

Include the following dependency and use one of the start methods in com.adobe.testing.s3mock.S3MockApplication:

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.adobe.testing</groupId>
  <artifactId>s3mock</artifactId>
  <version>...</version>
</dependency>

Build & Run

To build this project, you need Docker, JDK 8 or higher, and Maven:

./mvnw clean install

If you want to skip the Docker build, pass the optional parameter "skipDocker":

./mvnw clean install -DskipDocker

You can run the S3Mock from the sources by either of the following methods:

  • Run or Debug the class com.adobe.testing.s3mock.S3MockApplication in the IDE.
  • using Docker:
    • ./mvnw clean package -pl server -am -DskipTests
    • docker run -p 9090:9090 -p 9191:9191 -t adobe/s3mock:latest
  • using the Docker Maven plugin:
    • ./mvnw clean package docker:start -pl server -am -DskipTests -Ddocker.follow -Dit.s3mock.port_http=9090 -Dit.s3mock.port_https=9191 (stop with ctrl-c)

Once the application is started, you can execute the *IT tests from your IDE.

Java

This repo is built with Java 17, output is currently bytecode compatible with Java 8.

This will change with Spring Boot 3 and Spring Framework 6, these releases raise the baseline Java version to 17.
Once S3Mock updates (probably in early 2023), our Java baseline will raise to 17 as well.
This will make S3Mock incompatible for all customer applications using the Java integration, but an older Java version like Java 8 or Java 11.

Most likely, version 2.x of the S3Mock will be branched off and maintained for critical fixes, while version 3.x will be released from the main branch and further refactored and updated, but released and/or supported only as a Docker container.

Kotlin

The Integration Tests are built in Kotlin.

Contributing

Contributions are welcomed! Read the Contributing Guide for more information.

Licensing

This project is licensed under the Apache V2 License. See LICENSE for more information.