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How to generate transactions offline with JSON RPC

PawelPodkalicki edited this page Jan 10, 2019 · 4 revisions

Abstract

The ADS blockchain allows users to prepare transactions and execute them later. The aim of this article is to show how to sign a transaction and execute it later without the secret key. This flow is widely used by exchanges, because secret key does not have to be transferred anywhere (even through safe channels).

This article also introduces ads-json-rpc, the JSON-RPC client for ADS.

Requirements

JSON-RPC client for ADS

The JSON-RPC client for ADS (ads-json-rpc) was created to simplify ads wallet program usage. It supports most of ADS-API methods and complies JSON-RPC specification version 2.0. The client can be used for creating transaction for ADS blockchain. The ads-json-rpc is part of ads-tool package. It's installation and usage is described in details on ads-tools project page.

Adshares made publicly available JSON-RPC clients for ADS Mainnet and Testnet.

Both clients have disabled transaction methods, but can send transactions to network using send_again method.

Installation

Binary version of ads-json-rpc can be installed from official Adshares PPA.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:adshares/releases -y
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ads ads-tools

Setup

Run ads-json-rpc -h to get the list of command line options and config file parameters. To ensure operation working directory must contains settings.cfg file with address, host, port, and secret set. Below is sample content of settings.cfg file.

port=6511
host=127.0.0.1
address=0001-00000000-XXXX
secret=0123456789ABCDEF0123456789ABCDEF0123456789ABCDEF0123456789ABCDEF

Above file should be placed in working directory. The ads-json-rpc client utilizes two working directories:

  • first for read_only functions
  • second for transactions

By default working directories are the same as for ads client which is $HOME/.ads. They can be changed with --working-dir [-w] and --transactions-dir [-t] option.

It is important that publicly available clients should forbid to execute transaction functions, eg. send_one. Therefore --transactions-dir should be set to empty directory, or at least to directory where settings.cfg file is NOT present.

Usage

The ads-json-rpc supports JSON-RPC specification version 2.0. It means that each request must have body with request id, method, parameters, and supported JSON-RPC version. All requests must be HTTP POST and should have header Content-Type: application/json.

The client supports most of ADS-API methods. Method get_block cannot be requested directly. It is called by client in background while needed. All others method can be requested with parameters described in ADS-API documentation. Name of the method must be given as method instead of run parameter. Other parameters must be passed as fields of params object.

Below is example body of request executed with curl.

curl -X POST 127.0.0.1:6868 \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
-d @- << EOF
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "1",
    "method": "get_account",
    "params": {
        "address": "0001-00000000-9B6F"
    }
}
EOF

It is equivalent to the following ads call.

echo '{"run":"get_account","address":"0001-00000000-9B6F"}' | ads

The dry-run option for ads client causes that transaction will not be sent to network. Functions which read network status are not affected by this options. The dry-run is turned off by default. It can be enabled in ads-json-rpc by adding special param "_dry-run": true.

Dry-run example

Below is example usage of dry-run. Function broadcast allows send message up to 32,000 bytes. Compare output with and without dry-run. Meaning of msid and hash option will be explained in next paragraph.

Dry-run is on. Parameter "_dry-run": true is added. Transaction will not be sent.

curl -X POST 127.0.0.1:6868 \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
-d @- << EOF
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "1",
    "method": "broadcast",
    "params": {
        "message": "01020304050607080900",
        "_dry-run": true
    }
}
EOF
{
    "id": "1",
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "result": {
        "current_block_time": "1547033088",
        "previous_block_time": "1547032576",
        "tx": {
            "account_hashin": "6967DE3325EEB7A3C0B2EC1DC88539E76A8185D4371F8C591417F04836860423",
            "account_hashout": "E3500202C37D7CE1D45AF789CEF69E481FE9544CEBEB5D82D9C481AD62ADBCC3",
            "account_msid": "12",
            "data": "030100050000000C00000074DA355C0A0001020304050607080900",
            "deduct": "0.00000010000",
            "fee": "0.00000010000",
            "signature": "DECA9D7E4D74AFB3F6D085FEDFEF57BE1259F750AC70D47ECA57ADE67F559FF658C1900E324E5373BF2AB851F2F037E4A01EE09FE24CDEF6E296BA235744630C",
            "time": "1547033204"
        }
    }
}

Dry-run is off. Parameter "_dry-run" is omitted. Transaction will be sent.

curl -X POST 127.0.0.1:6868 \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
-d @- << EOF
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "1",
    "method": "broadcast",
    "params": {
        "message": "01020304050607080900"
    }
}
EOF
{
    "id": "1",
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "result": {
        "account": {
            "address": "0001-00000005-CBCA",
            "balance": "1041.93194747647",
            "date": "2019-01-09 12:28:02",
            "hash": "43AB819727F407DE32DC0BD8174353DD0890ECF087F67EFD8A9445CEC64F5334",
            "id": "5",
            "local_change": "1547033088",
            "msid": "13",
            "node": "1",
            "paired_id": "0",
            "paired_node": "0",
            "public_key": "860BB97F2E355C094CEFB63A7A1245C3D3073E535087FBACEF573C6EC48E17A9",
            "remote_change": "1545309696",
            "status": "0",
            "time": "1547033282"
        },
        "current_block_time": "1547033088",
        "previous_block_time": "1547032576",
        "tx": {
            "account_hashin": "6967DE3325EEB7A3C0B2EC1DC88539E76A8185D4371F8C591417F04836860423",
            "account_hashout": "43AB819727F407DE32DC0BD8174353DD0890ECF087F67EFD8A9445CEC64F5334",
            "account_msid": "12",
            "data": "030100050000000C000000C2DA355C0A0001020304050607080900",
            "deduct": "0.00000010000",
            "fee": "0.00000010000",
            "id": "0001:000016FE:0001",
            "node_mpos": "1",
            "node_msid": "5886",
            "signature": "539F038651996E7045C8DD0011AAD528A4644A5C7AE445F66DE3E9D6AB9E4EAD7837A567699039E16CCD58CDF5AFB9C60ECDE517532B28DA44B3614500BF7405",
            "time": "1547033282"
        }
    }
}

When dry-run is not active transaction is sent to network. In this case response has additional fields. The most important elements are:

  • result.tx.id - id of transaction assigned by node, which means that node accepted transaction
  • result.account object - current state of account, which created transaction

Blockchain network account

ADS account will be treat as transaction issuer and will be charged for executing transaction.

Address

Address is needed to indicate transaction's sender. Every account has unique address assigned during creation.

Secret key, msid, hash

Secret key, msid, and hash are required to sign transaction. Secret key is private and should not be revealed to anyone. Msid is number of account's transactions. Hash is hash of last transaction. Both msid and hash are public. They are changing after each transaction. They can be read from:

Host and port of node

Node's host and port must be known to connect to the network and send transaction.

Transaction signing

Each transaction must be signed before executing. Usually sign and execute operations are done together, but this article describes different approach as mentioned in abstract.

Assume that money transfer of 12 ADS should be sent to account 0002-00000001-659C. Transfer can be written as send_one transaction. All transaction types are listed on ADS-API page.

Below is example ads client input.

{"run":"send_one", "amount":"12", "address":"0002-00000001-659C"}

Below is the same request for ads-json-rpc client.

{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "1",
    "method": "send_one",
    "params": {
        "address": "0002-00000001-659C",
        "amount": "12"
    }
}

Option "_dry-run": true should be used to get transaction signature without executing it. Also msid and hash should be provided.

Below is curl request.

curl -X POST 127.0.0.1:6868 \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
-d @- << EOF
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "1",
    "method": "send_one",
    "params": {
        "address": "0002-00000001-659C",
        "amount": "12",
        "_dry-run": true,
        "hash": "EED4BB783ABA5A2943CCB59F4DBE48845651CF650BDBA06C74A8334F9AAB726F",
        "msid": 14
    }
}
EOF

Below is the response after formatting.

{
    "id": "1",
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "result": {
        "current_block_time": "1547053568",
        "previous_block_time": "1547053056",
        "tx": {
            "account_hashin": "EED4BB783ABA5A2943CCB59F4DBE48845651CF650BDBA06C74A8334F9AAB726F",
            "account_hashout": "3D4DC529AC97D1AA76A5F4B4D4E8515A22E7AD84A025DC3D451575FD20D74E73",
            "account_msid": "14",
            "data": "040100050000000E0000001A2B365C02000100000000E09265170100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
            "deduct": "12.01200000000",
            "fee": "0.01200000000",
            "signature": "6A6E0166C7CE584FC4885E4EE9DF4FD731B93B0C927426B7469A53603A6DAFAF73EF2EC7405BAD745BC2925430DA6DC2988DE790B0C99ED438D0C6453CA1450A",
            "time": "1547053850"
        }
    }
}

To send transaction result.tx.data and result.tx.signature from above response are needed. The result.tx.data is transaction data encoded as hexadecimal string. Length of this string varies between transactions. If You want to prepare next transaction, increment msid and use result.tx.account_hashout as params.hash.

Transaction send

Send transaction without secret key using encoded transaction data and signature. To connect to node only node's host and port are needed. They are passed as special parameters _host and _port.

curl -X POST 127.0.0.1:6868 -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d @- << EOF
{
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "id": "1",
    "method": "send_again",
    "params": {
        "data": "040100050000000E0000001A2B365C02000100000000E09265170100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
        "signature": "6A6E0166C7CE584FC4885E4EE9DF4FD731B93B0C927426B7469A53603A6DAFAF73EF2EC7405BAD745BC2925430DA6DC2988DE790B0C99ED438D0C6453CA1450A",
        "_host": "t01.e11.click",
        "_port": 6511
    }
}
EOF

Below is the formatted response.

{
    "id": "1",
    "jsonrpc": "2.0",
    "result": {
        "account": {
            "address": "0001-00000005-CBCA",
            "balance": "1017.90794747647",
            "date": "2019-01-09 18:10:50",
            "hash": "3D4DC529AC97D1AA76A5F4B4D4E8515A22E7AD84A025DC3D451575FD20D74E73",
            "id": "5",
            "local_change": "1547054080",
            "msid": "15",
            "node": "1",
            "paired_id": "0",
            "paired_node": "0",
            "public_key": "860BB97F2E355C094CEFB63A7A1245C3D3073E535087FBACEF573C6EC48E17A9",
            "remote_change": "1545309696",
            "status": "0",
            "time": "1547053850"
        },
        "current_block_time": "1547054080",
        "previous_block_time": "1547053568",
        "tx": {
            "data": "040100050000000E0000001A2B365C02000100000000E09265170100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
            "deduct": "12.01200000000",
            "fee": "0.01200000000",
            "id": "0001:00001700:0001",
            "node_mpos": "1",
            "node_msid": "5888",
            "signature": "6A6E0166C7CE584FC4885E4EE9DF4FD731B93B0C927426B7469A53603A6DAFAF73EF2EC7405BAD745BC2925430DA6DC2988DE790B0C99ED438D0C6453CA1450A",
            "time": "1547053850"
        }
    }
}

Note that in result object tx.data and tx.signature are the same as given, account.msid and account.hash are the same as read from dry-run response. Transaction was accepted by node, because result.tx.id is present.

Generating transaction batches

Transaction can be created in batches. The most important thing to remember is not to change transaction order. Transactions for particular account must be executed in the same order as they were signed. It is result of fact that each transaction signature is generated using hash and incremented msid of previous transaction.

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