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/*
* QEMU System Emulator
*
* Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "qemu/timer.h"
#include "qemu/sockets.h" // struct in_addr needed for libslirp.h
#include "sysemu/qtest.h"
#include "slirp/libslirp.h"
#include "qemu/main-loop.h"
#include "block/aio.h"
#ifndef _WIN32
#include "qemu/compatfd.h"
/* If we have signalfd, we mask out the signals we want to handle and then
* use signalfd to listen for them. We rely on whatever the current signal
* handler is to dispatch the signals when we receive them.
*/
static void sigfd_handler(void *opaque)
{
int fd = (intptr_t)opaque;
struct qemu_signalfd_siginfo info;
struct sigaction action;
ssize_t len;
while (1) {
do {
len = read(fd, &info, sizeof(info));
} while (len == -1 && errno == EINTR);
if (len == -1 && errno == EAGAIN) {
break;
}
if (len != sizeof(info)) {
printf("read from sigfd returned %zd: %m\n", len);
return;
}
sigaction(info.ssi_signo, NULL, &action);
if ((action.sa_flags & SA_SIGINFO) && action.sa_sigaction) {
action.sa_sigaction(info.ssi_signo,
(siginfo_t *)&info, NULL);
} else if (action.sa_handler) {
action.sa_handler(info.ssi_signo);
}
}
}
static int qemu_signal_init(void)
{
int sigfd;
sigset_t set;
/*
* SIG_IPI must be blocked in the main thread and must not be caught
* by sigwait() in the signal thread. Otherwise, the cpu thread will
* not catch it reliably.
*/
sigemptyset(&set);
sigaddset(&set, SIG_IPI);
sigaddset(&set, SIGIO);
sigaddset(&set, SIGALRM);
sigaddset(&set, SIGBUS);
/* SIGINT cannot be handled via signalfd, so that ^C can be used
* to interrupt QEMU when it is being run under gdb. SIGHUP and
* SIGTERM are also handled asynchronously, even though it is not
* strictly necessary, because they use the same handler as SIGINT.
*/
pthread_sigmask(SIG_BLOCK, &set, NULL);
sigdelset(&set, SIG_IPI);
sigfd = qemu_signalfd(&set);
if (sigfd == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to create signalfd\n");
return -errno;
}
fcntl_setfl(sigfd, O_NONBLOCK);
qemu_set_fd_handler2(sigfd, NULL, sigfd_handler, NULL,
(void *)(intptr_t)sigfd);
return 0;
}
#else /* _WIN32 */
static int qemu_signal_init(void)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
static AioContext *qemu_aio_context;
AioContext *qemu_get_aio_context(void)
{
return qemu_aio_context;
}
void qemu_notify_event(void)
{
if (!qemu_aio_context) {
return;
}
aio_notify(qemu_aio_context);
}
static GArray *gpollfds;
int qemu_init_main_loop(Error **errp)
{
int ret;
GSource *src;
Error *local_error = NULL;
init_clocks();
ret = qemu_signal_init();
if (ret) {
return ret;
}
qemu_aio_context = aio_context_new(&local_error);
if (!qemu_aio_context) {
error_propagate(errp, local_error);
return -EMFILE;
}
gpollfds = g_array_new(FALSE, FALSE, sizeof(GPollFD));
src = aio_get_g_source(qemu_aio_context);
g_source_attach(src, NULL);
g_source_unref(src);
return 0;
}
static int max_priority;
#ifndef _WIN32
static int glib_pollfds_idx;
static int glib_n_poll_fds;
static void glib_pollfds_fill(int64_t *cur_timeout)
{
GMainContext *context = g_main_context_default();
int timeout = 0;
int64_t timeout_ns;
int n;
g_main_context_prepare(context, &max_priority);
glib_pollfds_idx = gpollfds->len;
n = glib_n_poll_fds;
do {
GPollFD *pfds;
glib_n_poll_fds = n;
g_array_set_size(gpollfds, glib_pollfds_idx + glib_n_poll_fds);
pfds = &g_array_index(gpollfds, GPollFD, glib_pollfds_idx);
n = g_main_context_query(context, max_priority, &timeout, pfds,
glib_n_poll_fds);
} while (n != glib_n_poll_fds);
if (timeout < 0) {
timeout_ns = -1;
} else {
timeout_ns = (int64_t)timeout * (int64_t)SCALE_MS;
}
*cur_timeout = qemu_soonest_timeout(timeout_ns, *cur_timeout);
}
static void glib_pollfds_poll(void)
{
GMainContext *context = g_main_context_default();
GPollFD *pfds = &g_array_index(gpollfds, GPollFD, glib_pollfds_idx);
if (g_main_context_check(context, max_priority, pfds, glib_n_poll_fds)) {
g_main_context_dispatch(context);
}
}
#define MAX_MAIN_LOOP_SPIN (1000)
static int os_host_main_loop_wait(int64_t timeout)
{
int ret;
static int spin_counter;
glib_pollfds_fill(&timeout);
/* If the I/O thread is very busy or we are incorrectly busy waiting in
* the I/O thread, this can lead to starvation of the BQL such that the
* VCPU threads never run. To make sure we can detect the later case,
* print a message to the screen. If we run into this condition, create
* a fake timeout in order to give the VCPU threads a chance to run.
*/
if (!timeout && (spin_counter > MAX_MAIN_LOOP_SPIN)) {
static bool notified;
if (!notified && !qtest_enabled()) {
fprintf(stderr,
"main-loop: WARNING: I/O thread spun for %d iterations\n",
MAX_MAIN_LOOP_SPIN);
notified = true;
}
timeout = SCALE_MS;
}
if (timeout) {
spin_counter = 0;
qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
} else {
spin_counter++;
}
ret = qemu_poll_ns((GPollFD *)gpollfds->data, gpollfds->len, timeout);
if (timeout) {
qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
}
glib_pollfds_poll();
return ret;
}
#else
/***********************************************************/
/* Polling handling */
typedef struct PollingEntry {
PollingFunc *func;
void *opaque;
struct PollingEntry *next;
} PollingEntry;
static PollingEntry *first_polling_entry;
int qemu_add_polling_cb(PollingFunc *func, void *opaque)
{
PollingEntry **ppe, *pe;
pe = g_malloc0(sizeof(PollingEntry));
pe->func = func;
pe->opaque = opaque;
for(ppe = &first_polling_entry; *ppe != NULL; ppe = &(*ppe)->next);
*ppe = pe;
return 0;
}
void qemu_del_polling_cb(PollingFunc *func, void *opaque)
{
PollingEntry **ppe, *pe;
for(ppe = &first_polling_entry; *ppe != NULL; ppe = &(*ppe)->next) {
pe = *ppe;
if (pe->func == func && pe->opaque == opaque) {
*ppe = pe->next;
g_free(pe);
break;
}
}
}
/***********************************************************/
/* Wait objects support */
typedef struct WaitObjects {
int num;
int revents[MAXIMUM_WAIT_OBJECTS + 1];
HANDLE events[MAXIMUM_WAIT_OBJECTS + 1];
WaitObjectFunc *func[MAXIMUM_WAIT_OBJECTS + 1];
void *opaque[MAXIMUM_WAIT_OBJECTS + 1];
} WaitObjects;
static WaitObjects wait_objects = {0};
int qemu_add_wait_object(HANDLE handle, WaitObjectFunc *func, void *opaque)
{
WaitObjects *w = &wait_objects;
if (w->num >= MAXIMUM_WAIT_OBJECTS) {
return -1;
}
w->events[w->num] = handle;
w->func[w->num] = func;
w->opaque[w->num] = opaque;
w->revents[w->num] = 0;
w->num++;
return 0;
}
void qemu_del_wait_object(HANDLE handle, WaitObjectFunc *func, void *opaque)
{
int i, found;
WaitObjects *w = &wait_objects;
found = 0;
for (i = 0; i < w->num; i++) {
if (w->events[i] == handle) {
found = 1;
}
if (found) {
w->events[i] = w->events[i + 1];
w->func[i] = w->func[i + 1];
w->opaque[i] = w->opaque[i + 1];
w->revents[i] = w->revents[i + 1];
}
}
if (found) {
w->num--;
}
}
void qemu_fd_register(int fd)
{
WSAEventSelect(fd, event_notifier_get_handle(&qemu_aio_context->notifier),
FD_READ | FD_ACCEPT | FD_CLOSE |
FD_CONNECT | FD_WRITE | FD_OOB);
}
static int pollfds_fill(GArray *pollfds, fd_set *rfds, fd_set *wfds,
fd_set *xfds)
{
int nfds = -1;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < pollfds->len; i++) {
GPollFD *pfd = &g_array_index(pollfds, GPollFD, i);
int fd = pfd->fd;
int events = pfd->events;
if (events & G_IO_IN) {
FD_SET(fd, rfds);
nfds = MAX(nfds, fd);
}
if (events & G_IO_OUT) {
FD_SET(fd, wfds);
nfds = MAX(nfds, fd);
}
if (events & G_IO_PRI) {
FD_SET(fd, xfds);
nfds = MAX(nfds, fd);
}
}
return nfds;
}
static void pollfds_poll(GArray *pollfds, int nfds, fd_set *rfds,
fd_set *wfds, fd_set *xfds)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < pollfds->len; i++) {
GPollFD *pfd = &g_array_index(pollfds, GPollFD, i);
int fd = pfd->fd;
int revents = 0;
if (FD_ISSET(fd, rfds)) {
revents |= G_IO_IN;
}
if (FD_ISSET(fd, wfds)) {
revents |= G_IO_OUT;
}
if (FD_ISSET(fd, xfds)) {
revents |= G_IO_PRI;
}
pfd->revents = revents & pfd->events;
}
}
static int os_host_main_loop_wait(int64_t timeout)
{
GMainContext *context = g_main_context_default();
GPollFD poll_fds[1024 * 2]; /* this is probably overkill */
int select_ret = 0;
int g_poll_ret, ret, i, n_poll_fds;
PollingEntry *pe;
WaitObjects *w = &wait_objects;
gint poll_timeout;
int64_t poll_timeout_ns;
static struct timeval tv0;
fd_set rfds, wfds, xfds;
int nfds;
/* XXX: need to suppress polling by better using win32 events */
ret = 0;
for (pe = first_polling_entry; pe != NULL; pe = pe->next) {
ret |= pe->func(pe->opaque);
}
if (ret != 0) {
return ret;
}
FD_ZERO(&rfds);
FD_ZERO(&wfds);
FD_ZERO(&xfds);
nfds = pollfds_fill(gpollfds, &rfds, &wfds, &xfds);
if (nfds >= 0) {
select_ret = select(nfds + 1, &rfds, &wfds, &xfds, &tv0);
if (select_ret != 0) {
timeout = 0;
}
if (select_ret > 0) {
pollfds_poll(gpollfds, nfds, &rfds, &wfds, &xfds);
}
}
g_main_context_prepare(context, &max_priority);
n_poll_fds = g_main_context_query(context, max_priority, &poll_timeout,
poll_fds, ARRAY_SIZE(poll_fds));
g_assert(n_poll_fds <= ARRAY_SIZE(poll_fds));
for (i = 0; i < w->num; i++) {
poll_fds[n_poll_fds + i].fd = (DWORD_PTR)w->events[i];
poll_fds[n_poll_fds + i].events = G_IO_IN;
}
if (poll_timeout < 0) {
poll_timeout_ns = -1;
} else {
poll_timeout_ns = (int64_t)poll_timeout * (int64_t)SCALE_MS;
}
poll_timeout_ns = qemu_soonest_timeout(poll_timeout_ns, timeout);
qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
g_poll_ret = qemu_poll_ns(poll_fds, n_poll_fds + w->num, poll_timeout_ns);
qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
if (g_poll_ret > 0) {
for (i = 0; i < w->num; i++) {
w->revents[i] = poll_fds[n_poll_fds + i].revents;
}
for (i = 0; i < w->num; i++) {
if (w->revents[i] && w->func[i]) {
w->func[i](w->opaque[i]);
}
}
}
if (g_main_context_check(context, max_priority, poll_fds, n_poll_fds)) {
g_main_context_dispatch(context);
}
return select_ret || g_poll_ret;
}
#endif
int main_loop_wait(int nonblocking)
{
int ret;
uint32_t timeout = UINT32_MAX;
int64_t timeout_ns;
if (nonblocking) {
timeout = 0;
}
/* poll any events */
g_array_set_size(gpollfds, 0); /* reset for new iteration */
/* XXX: separate device handlers from system ones */
#ifdef CONFIG_SLIRP
slirp_pollfds_fill(gpollfds, &timeout);
#endif
qemu_iohandler_fill(gpollfds);
if (timeout == UINT32_MAX) {
timeout_ns = -1;
} else {
timeout_ns = (uint64_t)timeout * (int64_t)(SCALE_MS);
}
timeout_ns = qemu_soonest_timeout(timeout_ns,
timerlistgroup_deadline_ns(
&main_loop_tlg));
ret = os_host_main_loop_wait(timeout_ns);
qemu_iohandler_poll(gpollfds, ret);
#ifdef CONFIG_SLIRP
slirp_pollfds_poll(gpollfds, (ret < 0));
#endif
qemu_clock_run_all_timers();
return ret;
}
/* Functions to operate on the main QEMU AioContext. */
QEMUBH *qemu_bh_new(QEMUBHFunc *cb, void *opaque)
{
return aio_bh_new(qemu_aio_context, cb, opaque);
}
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