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/*
* QEMU Bridge Helper
*
* Copyright IBM, Corp. 2011
*
* Authors:
* Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com>
* Richa Marwaha <rmarwah@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
* Corey Bryant <coreyb@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
*
* This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2. See
* the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
*
*/
#include "qemu/osdep.h"
#include <glib.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <linux/sockios.h>
#ifndef SIOCBRADDIF
#include <linux/if_bridge.h>
#endif
#include "qemu/queue.h"
#include "net/tap-linux.h"
#ifdef CONFIG_LIBCAP
#include <cap-ng.h>
#endif
#define DEFAULT_ACL_FILE CONFIG_QEMU_CONFDIR "/bridge.conf"
enum {
ACL_ALLOW = 0,
ACL_ALLOW_ALL,
ACL_DENY,
ACL_DENY_ALL,
};
typedef struct ACLRule {
int type;
char iface[IFNAMSIZ];
QSIMPLEQ_ENTRY(ACLRule) entry;
} ACLRule;
typedef QSIMPLEQ_HEAD(ACLList, ACLRule) ACLList;
static void usage(void)
{
fprintf(stderr,
"Usage: qemu-bridge-helper [--use-vnet] --br=bridge --fd=unixfd\n");
}
static int parse_acl_file(const char *filename, ACLList *acl_list)
{
FILE *f;
char line[4096];
ACLRule *acl_rule;
f = fopen(filename, "r");
if (f == NULL) {
return -1;
}
while (fgets(line, sizeof(line), f) != NULL) {
char *ptr = line;
char *cmd, *arg, *argend;
while (isspace(*ptr)) {
ptr++;
}
/* skip comments and empty lines */
if (*ptr == '#' || *ptr == 0) {
continue;
}
cmd = ptr;
arg = strchr(cmd, ' ');
if (arg == NULL) {
arg = strchr(cmd, '\t');
}
if (arg == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "Invalid config line:\n %s\n", line);
fclose(f);
errno = EINVAL;
return -1;
}
*arg = 0;
arg++;
while (isspace(*arg)) {
arg++;
}
argend = arg + strlen(arg);
while (arg != argend && isspace(*(argend - 1))) {
argend--;
}
*argend = 0;
if (strcmp(cmd, "deny") == 0) {
acl_rule = g_malloc(sizeof(*acl_rule));
if (strcmp(arg, "all") == 0) {
acl_rule->type = ACL_DENY_ALL;
} else {
acl_rule->type = ACL_DENY;
snprintf(acl_rule->iface, IFNAMSIZ, "%s", arg);
}
QSIMPLEQ_INSERT_TAIL(acl_list, acl_rule, entry);
} else if (strcmp(cmd, "allow") == 0) {
acl_rule = g_malloc(sizeof(*acl_rule));
if (strcmp(arg, "all") == 0) {
acl_rule->type = ACL_ALLOW_ALL;
} else {
acl_rule->type = ACL_ALLOW;
snprintf(acl_rule->iface, IFNAMSIZ, "%s", arg);
}
QSIMPLEQ_INSERT_TAIL(acl_list, acl_rule, entry);
} else if (strcmp(cmd, "include") == 0) {
/* ignore errors */
parse_acl_file(arg, acl_list);
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "Unknown command `%s'\n", cmd);
fclose(f);
errno = EINVAL;
return -1;
}
}
fclose(f);
return 0;
}
static bool has_vnet_hdr(int fd)
{
unsigned int features = 0;
if (ioctl(fd, TUNGETFEATURES, &features) == -1) {
return false;
}
if (!(features & IFF_VNET_HDR)) {
return false;
}
return true;
}
static void prep_ifreq(struct ifreq *ifr, const char *ifname)
{
memset(ifr, 0, sizeof(*ifr));
snprintf(ifr->ifr_name, IFNAMSIZ, "%s", ifname);
}
static int send_fd(int c, int fd)
{
char msgbuf[CMSG_SPACE(sizeof(fd))];
struct msghdr msg = {
.msg_control = msgbuf,
.msg_controllen = sizeof(msgbuf),
};
struct cmsghdr *cmsg;
struct iovec iov;
char req[1] = { 0x00 };
cmsg = CMSG_FIRSTHDR(&msg);
cmsg->cmsg_level = SOL_SOCKET;
cmsg->cmsg_type = SCM_RIGHTS;
cmsg->cmsg_len = CMSG_LEN(sizeof(fd));
msg.msg_controllen = cmsg->cmsg_len;
iov.iov_base = req;
iov.iov_len = sizeof(req);
msg.msg_iov = &iov;
msg.msg_iovlen = 1;
memcpy(CMSG_DATA(cmsg), &fd, sizeof(fd));
return sendmsg(c, &msg, 0);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_LIBCAP
static int drop_privileges(void)
{
/* clear all capabilities */
capng_clear(CAPNG_SELECT_BOTH);
if (capng_update(CAPNG_ADD, CAPNG_EFFECTIVE | CAPNG_PERMITTED,
CAP_NET_ADMIN) < 0) {
return -1;
}
/* change to calling user's real uid and gid, retaining supplemental
* groups and CAP_NET_ADMIN */
if (capng_change_id(getuid(), getgid(), CAPNG_CLEAR_BOUNDING)) {
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
#endif
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
struct ifreq ifr;
#ifndef SIOCBRADDIF
unsigned long ifargs[4];
#endif
int ifindex;
int fd = -1, ctlfd = -1, unixfd = -1;
int use_vnet = 0;
int mtu;
const char *bridge = NULL;
char iface[IFNAMSIZ];
int index;
ACLRule *acl_rule;
ACLList acl_list;
int access_allowed, access_denied;
int ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
#ifdef CONFIG_LIBCAP
/* if we're run from an suid binary, immediately drop privileges preserving
* cap_net_admin */
if (geteuid() == 0 && getuid() != geteuid()) {
if (drop_privileges() == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to drop privileges\n");
return 1;
}
}
#endif
/* parse arguments */
for (index = 1; index < argc; index++) {
if (strcmp(argv[index], "--use-vnet") == 0) {
use_vnet = 1;
} else if (strncmp(argv[index], "--br=", 5) == 0) {
bridge = &argv[index][5];
} else if (strncmp(argv[index], "--fd=", 5) == 0) {
unixfd = atoi(&argv[index][5]);
} else {
usage();
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
}
if (bridge == NULL || unixfd == -1) {
usage();
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
/* parse default acl file */
QSIMPLEQ_INIT(&acl_list);
if (parse_acl_file(DEFAULT_ACL_FILE, &acl_list) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to parse default acl file `%s'\n",
DEFAULT_ACL_FILE);
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
/* validate bridge against acl -- default policy is to deny
* according acl policy if we have a deny and allow both
* then deny should always win over allow
*/
access_allowed = 0;
access_denied = 0;
QSIMPLEQ_FOREACH(acl_rule, &acl_list, entry) {
switch (acl_rule->type) {
case ACL_ALLOW_ALL:
access_allowed = 1;
break;
case ACL_ALLOW:
if (strcmp(bridge, acl_rule->iface) == 0) {
access_allowed = 1;
}
break;
case ACL_DENY_ALL:
access_denied = 1;
break;
case ACL_DENY:
if (strcmp(bridge, acl_rule->iface) == 0) {
access_denied = 1;
}
break;
}
}
if ((access_allowed == 0) || (access_denied == 1)) {
fprintf(stderr, "access denied by acl file\n");
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
/* open a socket to use to control the network interfaces */
ctlfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
if (ctlfd == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to open control socket: %s\n", strerror(errno));
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
/* open the tap device */
fd = open("/dev/net/tun", O_RDWR);
if (fd == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to open /dev/net/tun: %s\n", strerror(errno));
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
/* request a tap device, disable PI, and add vnet header support if
* requested and it's available. */
prep_ifreq(&ifr, "tap%d");
ifr.ifr_flags = IFF_TAP|IFF_NO_PI;
if (use_vnet && has_vnet_hdr(fd)) {
ifr.ifr_flags |= IFF_VNET_HDR;
}
if (ioctl(fd, TUNSETIFF, &ifr) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to create tun device: %s\n", strerror(errno));
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
/* save tap device name */
snprintf(iface, sizeof(iface), "%s", ifr.ifr_name);
/* get the mtu of the bridge */
prep_ifreq(&ifr, bridge);
if (ioctl(ctlfd, SIOCGIFMTU, &ifr) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to get mtu of bridge `%s': %s\n",
bridge, strerror(errno));
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
/* save mtu */
mtu = ifr.ifr_mtu;
/* set the mtu of the interface based on the bridge */
prep_ifreq(&ifr, iface);
ifr.ifr_mtu = mtu;
if (ioctl(ctlfd, SIOCSIFMTU, &ifr) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to set mtu of device `%s' to %d: %s\n",
iface, mtu, strerror(errno));
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
/* Linux uses the lowest enslaved MAC address as the MAC address of
* the bridge. Set MAC address to a high value so that it doesn't
* affect the MAC address of the bridge.
*/
if (ioctl(ctlfd, SIOCGIFHWADDR, &ifr) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to get MAC address of device `%s': %s\n",
iface, strerror(errno));
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
ifr.ifr_hwaddr.sa_data[0] = 0xFE;
if (ioctl(ctlfd, SIOCSIFHWADDR, &ifr) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to set MAC address of device `%s': %s\n",
iface, strerror(errno));
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
/* add the interface to the bridge */
prep_ifreq(&ifr, bridge);
ifindex = if_nametoindex(iface);
#ifndef SIOCBRADDIF
ifargs[0] = BRCTL_ADD_IF;
ifargs[1] = ifindex;
ifargs[2] = 0;
ifargs[3] = 0;
ifr.ifr_data = (void *)ifargs;
ret = ioctl(ctlfd, SIOCDEVPRIVATE, &ifr);
#else
ifr.ifr_ifindex = ifindex;
ret = ioctl(ctlfd, SIOCBRADDIF, &ifr);
#endif
if (ret == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to add interface `%s' to bridge `%s': %s\n",
iface, bridge, strerror(errno));
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
/* bring the interface up */
prep_ifreq(&ifr, iface);
if (ioctl(ctlfd, SIOCGIFFLAGS, &ifr) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to get interface flags for `%s': %s\n",
iface, strerror(errno));
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
ifr.ifr_flags |= IFF_UP;
if (ioctl(ctlfd, SIOCSIFFLAGS, &ifr) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to bring up interface `%s': %s\n",
iface, strerror(errno));
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
/* write fd to the domain socket */
if (send_fd(unixfd, fd) == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "failed to write fd to unix socket: %s\n",
strerror(errno));
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
goto cleanup;
}
/* ... */
/* profit! */
cleanup:
if (fd >= 0) {
close(fd);
}
if (ctlfd >= 0) {
close(ctlfd);
}
while ((acl_rule = QSIMPLEQ_FIRST(&acl_list)) != NULL) {
QSIMPLEQ_REMOVE_HEAD(&acl_list, entry);
g_free(acl_rule);
}
return ret;
}