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/*
* QEMU live migration
*
* Copyright IBM, Corp. 2008
*
* Authors:
* Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com>
*
* This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2. See
* the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
*
* Contributions after 2012-01-13 are licensed under the terms of the
* GNU GPL, version 2 or (at your option) any later version.
*/
#include "qemu-common.h"
#include "qemu/main-loop.h"
#include "migration/migration.h"
#include "monitor/monitor.h"
#include "migration/qemu-file.h"
#include "sysemu/sysemu.h"
#include "block/block.h"
#include "qemu/sockets.h"
#include "migration/block.h"
#include "qemu/thread.h"
#include "qmp-commands.h"
#include "trace.h"
//#define DEBUG_MIGRATION
#ifdef DEBUG_MIGRATION
#define DPRINTF(fmt, ...) \
do { printf("migration: " fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__); } while (0)
#else
#define DPRINTF(fmt, ...) \
do { } while (0)
#endif
enum {
MIG_STATE_ERROR = -1,
MIG_STATE_NONE,
MIG_STATE_SETUP,
MIG_STATE_CANCELLED,
MIG_STATE_ACTIVE,
MIG_STATE_COMPLETED,
};
#define MAX_THROTTLE (32 << 20) /* Migration speed throttling */
/* Amount of time to allocate to each "chunk" of bandwidth-throttled
* data. */
#define BUFFER_DELAY 100
#define XFER_LIMIT_RATIO (1000 / BUFFER_DELAY)
/* Migration XBZRLE default cache size */
#define DEFAULT_MIGRATE_CACHE_SIZE (64 * 1024 * 1024)
static NotifierList migration_state_notifiers =
NOTIFIER_LIST_INITIALIZER(migration_state_notifiers);
/* When we add fault tolerance, we could have several
migrations at once. For now we don't need to add
dynamic creation of migration */
MigrationState *migrate_get_current(void)
{
static MigrationState current_migration = {
.state = MIG_STATE_NONE,
.bandwidth_limit = MAX_THROTTLE,
.xbzrle_cache_size = DEFAULT_MIGRATE_CACHE_SIZE,
.mbps = -1,
};
return &current_migration;
}
void qemu_start_incoming_migration(const char *uri, Error **errp)
{
const char *p;
if (strstart(uri, "tcp:", &p))
tcp_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
#ifdef CONFIG_RDMA
else if (strstart(uri, "x-rdma:", &p))
rdma_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
#endif
#if !defined(WIN32)
else if (strstart(uri, "exec:", &p))
exec_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
else if (strstart(uri, "unix:", &p))
unix_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
else if (strstart(uri, "fd:", &p))
fd_start_incoming_migration(p, errp);
#endif
else {
error_setg(errp, "unknown migration protocol: %s", uri);
}
}
static void process_incoming_migration_co(void *opaque)
{
QEMUFile *f = opaque;
int ret;
ret = qemu_loadvm_state(f);
qemu_fclose(f);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "load of migration failed\n");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
qemu_announce_self();
DPRINTF("successfully loaded vm state\n");
bdrv_clear_incoming_migration_all();
/* Make sure all file formats flush their mutable metadata */
bdrv_invalidate_cache_all();
if (autostart) {
vm_start();
} else {
runstate_set(RUN_STATE_PAUSED);
}
}
void process_incoming_migration(QEMUFile *f)
{
Coroutine *co = qemu_coroutine_create(process_incoming_migration_co);
int fd = qemu_get_fd(f);
assert(fd != -1);
qemu_set_nonblock(fd);
qemu_coroutine_enter(co, f);
}
/* amount of nanoseconds we are willing to wait for migration to be down.
* the choice of nanoseconds is because it is the maximum resolution that
* get_clock() can achieve. It is an internal measure. All user-visible
* units must be in seconds */
static uint64_t max_downtime = 30000000;
uint64_t migrate_max_downtime(void)
{
return max_downtime;
}
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *qmp_query_migrate_capabilities(Error **errp)
{
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *head = NULL;
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *caps;
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
int i;
caps = NULL; /* silence compiler warning */
for (i = 0; i < MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_MAX; i++) {
if (head == NULL) {
head = g_malloc0(sizeof(*caps));
caps = head;
} else {
caps->next = g_malloc0(sizeof(*caps));
caps = caps->next;
}
caps->value =
g_malloc(sizeof(*caps->value));
caps->value->capability = i;
caps->value->state = s->enabled_capabilities[i];
}
return head;
}
static void get_xbzrle_cache_stats(MigrationInfo *info)
{
if (migrate_use_xbzrle()) {
info->has_xbzrle_cache = true;
info->xbzrle_cache = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->xbzrle_cache));
info->xbzrle_cache->cache_size = migrate_xbzrle_cache_size();
info->xbzrle_cache->bytes = xbzrle_mig_bytes_transferred();
info->xbzrle_cache->pages = xbzrle_mig_pages_transferred();
info->xbzrle_cache->cache_miss = xbzrle_mig_pages_cache_miss();
info->xbzrle_cache->overflow = xbzrle_mig_pages_overflow();
}
}
MigrationInfo *qmp_query_migrate(Error **errp)
{
MigrationInfo *info = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info));
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
switch (s->state) {
case MIG_STATE_NONE:
/* no migration has happened ever */
break;
case MIG_STATE_SETUP:
info->has_status = true;
info->status = g_strdup("setup");
info->has_total_time = false;
break;
case MIG_STATE_ACTIVE:
info->has_status = true;
info->status = g_strdup("active");
info->has_total_time = true;
info->total_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME)
- s->total_time;
info->has_expected_downtime = true;
info->expected_downtime = s->expected_downtime;
info->has_setup_time = true;
info->setup_time = s->setup_time;
info->has_ram = true;
info->ram = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->ram));
info->ram->transferred = ram_bytes_transferred();
info->ram->remaining = ram_bytes_remaining();
info->ram->total = ram_bytes_total();
info->ram->duplicate = dup_mig_pages_transferred();
info->ram->skipped = skipped_mig_pages_transferred();
info->ram->normal = norm_mig_pages_transferred();
info->ram->normal_bytes = norm_mig_bytes_transferred();
info->ram->dirty_pages_rate = s->dirty_pages_rate;
info->ram->mbps = s->mbps;
if (blk_mig_active()) {
info->has_disk = true;
info->disk = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->disk));
info->disk->transferred = blk_mig_bytes_transferred();
info->disk->remaining = blk_mig_bytes_remaining();
info->disk->total = blk_mig_bytes_total();
}
get_xbzrle_cache_stats(info);
break;
case MIG_STATE_COMPLETED:
get_xbzrle_cache_stats(info);
info->has_status = true;
info->status = g_strdup("completed");
info->has_total_time = true;
info->total_time = s->total_time;
info->has_downtime = true;
info->downtime = s->downtime;
info->has_setup_time = true;
info->setup_time = s->setup_time;
info->has_ram = true;
info->ram = g_malloc0(sizeof(*info->ram));
info->ram->transferred = ram_bytes_transferred();
info->ram->remaining = 0;
info->ram->total = ram_bytes_total();
info->ram->duplicate = dup_mig_pages_transferred();
info->ram->skipped = skipped_mig_pages_transferred();
info->ram->normal = norm_mig_pages_transferred();
info->ram->normal_bytes = norm_mig_bytes_transferred();
info->ram->mbps = s->mbps;
break;
case MIG_STATE_ERROR:
info->has_status = true;
info->status = g_strdup("failed");
break;
case MIG_STATE_CANCELLED:
info->has_status = true;
info->status = g_strdup("cancelled");
break;
}
return info;
}
void qmp_migrate_set_capabilities(MigrationCapabilityStatusList *params,
Error **errp)
{
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
MigrationCapabilityStatusList *cap;
if (s->state == MIG_STATE_ACTIVE || s->state == MIG_STATE_SETUP) {
error_set(errp, QERR_MIGRATION_ACTIVE);
return;
}
for (cap = params; cap; cap = cap->next) {
s->enabled_capabilities[cap->value->capability] = cap->value->state;
}
}
/* shared migration helpers */
static void migrate_fd_cleanup(void *opaque)
{
MigrationState *s = opaque;
qemu_bh_delete(s->cleanup_bh);
s->cleanup_bh = NULL;
if (s->file) {
DPRINTF("closing file\n");
qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
qemu_thread_join(&s->thread);
qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
qemu_fclose(s->file);
s->file = NULL;
}
assert(s->state != MIG_STATE_ACTIVE);
if (s->state != MIG_STATE_COMPLETED) {
qemu_savevm_state_cancel();
}
notifier_list_notify(&migration_state_notifiers, s);
}
static void migrate_set_state(MigrationState *s, int old_state, int new_state)
{
if (atomic_cmpxchg(&s->state, old_state, new_state) == new_state) {
trace_migrate_set_state(new_state);
}
}
void migrate_fd_error(MigrationState *s)
{
DPRINTF("setting error state\n");
assert(s->file == NULL);
s->state = MIG_STATE_ERROR;
trace_migrate_set_state(MIG_STATE_ERROR);
notifier_list_notify(&migration_state_notifiers, s);
}
static void migrate_fd_cancel(MigrationState *s)
{
DPRINTF("cancelling migration\n");
migrate_set_state(s, s->state, MIG_STATE_CANCELLED);
}
void add_migration_state_change_notifier(Notifier *notify)
{
notifier_list_add(&migration_state_notifiers, notify);
}
void remove_migration_state_change_notifier(Notifier *notify)
{
notifier_remove(notify);
}
bool migration_in_setup(MigrationState *s)
{
return s->state == MIG_STATE_SETUP;
}
bool migration_has_finished(MigrationState *s)
{
return s->state == MIG_STATE_COMPLETED;
}
bool migration_has_failed(MigrationState *s)
{
return (s->state == MIG_STATE_CANCELLED ||
s->state == MIG_STATE_ERROR);
}
static MigrationState *migrate_init(const MigrationParams *params)
{
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
int64_t bandwidth_limit = s->bandwidth_limit;
bool enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_MAX];
int64_t xbzrle_cache_size = s->xbzrle_cache_size;
memcpy(enabled_capabilities, s->enabled_capabilities,
sizeof(enabled_capabilities));
memset(s, 0, sizeof(*s));
s->params = *params;
memcpy(s->enabled_capabilities, enabled_capabilities,
sizeof(enabled_capabilities));
s->xbzrle_cache_size = xbzrle_cache_size;
s->bandwidth_limit = bandwidth_limit;
s->state = MIG_STATE_SETUP;
trace_migrate_set_state(MIG_STATE_SETUP);
s->total_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
return s;
}
static GSList *migration_blockers;
void migrate_add_blocker(Error *reason)
{
migration_blockers = g_slist_prepend(migration_blockers, reason);
}
void migrate_del_blocker(Error *reason)
{
migration_blockers = g_slist_remove(migration_blockers, reason);
}
void qmp_migrate(const char *uri, bool has_blk, bool blk,
bool has_inc, bool inc, bool has_detach, bool detach,
Error **errp)
{
Error *local_err = NULL;
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
MigrationParams params;
const char *p;
params.blk = has_blk && blk;
params.shared = has_inc && inc;
if (s->state == MIG_STATE_ACTIVE || s->state == MIG_STATE_SETUP) {
error_set(errp, QERR_MIGRATION_ACTIVE);
return;
}
if (qemu_savevm_state_blocked(errp)) {
return;
}
if (migration_blockers) {
*errp = error_copy(migration_blockers->data);
return;
}
s = migrate_init(&params);
if (strstart(uri, "tcp:", &p)) {
tcp_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
#ifdef CONFIG_RDMA
} else if (strstart(uri, "x-rdma:", &p)) {
rdma_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
#endif
#if !defined(WIN32)
} else if (strstart(uri, "exec:", &p)) {
exec_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
} else if (strstart(uri, "unix:", &p)) {
unix_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
} else if (strstart(uri, "fd:", &p)) {
fd_start_outgoing_migration(s, p, &local_err);
#endif
} else {
error_set(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE, "uri", "a valid migration protocol");
return;
}
if (local_err) {
migrate_fd_error(s);
error_propagate(errp, local_err);
return;
}
}
void qmp_migrate_cancel(Error **errp)
{
migrate_fd_cancel(migrate_get_current());
}
void qmp_migrate_set_cache_size(int64_t value, Error **errp)
{
MigrationState *s = migrate_get_current();
/* Check for truncation */
if (value != (size_t)value) {
error_set(errp, QERR_INVALID_PARAMETER_VALUE, "cache size",
"exceeding address space");
return;
}
s->xbzrle_cache_size = xbzrle_cache_resize(value);
}
int64_t qmp_query_migrate_cache_size(Error **errp)
{
return migrate_xbzrle_cache_size();
}
void qmp_migrate_set_speed(int64_t value, Error **errp)
{
MigrationState *s;
if (value < 0) {
value = 0;
}
if (value > SIZE_MAX) {
value = SIZE_MAX;
}
s = migrate_get_current();
s->bandwidth_limit = value;
if (s->file) {
qemu_file_set_rate_limit(s->file, s->bandwidth_limit / XFER_LIMIT_RATIO);
}
}
void qmp_migrate_set_downtime(double value, Error **errp)
{
value *= 1e9;
value = MAX(0, MIN(UINT64_MAX, value));
max_downtime = (uint64_t)value;
}
bool migrate_rdma_pin_all(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_X_RDMA_PIN_ALL];
}
bool migrate_auto_converge(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_AUTO_CONVERGE];
}
bool migrate_zero_blocks(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_ZERO_BLOCKS];
}
int migrate_use_xbzrle(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->enabled_capabilities[MIGRATION_CAPABILITY_XBZRLE];
}
int64_t migrate_xbzrle_cache_size(void)
{
MigrationState *s;
s = migrate_get_current();
return s->xbzrle_cache_size;
}
/* migration thread support */
static void *migration_thread(void *opaque)
{
MigrationState *s = opaque;
int64_t initial_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
int64_t setup_start = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_HOST);
int64_t initial_bytes = 0;
int64_t max_size = 0;
int64_t start_time = initial_time;
bool old_vm_running = false;
DPRINTF("beginning savevm\n");
qemu_savevm_state_begin(s->file, &s->params);
s->setup_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_HOST) - setup_start;
migrate_set_state(s, MIG_STATE_SETUP, MIG_STATE_ACTIVE);
DPRINTF("setup complete\n");
while (s->state == MIG_STATE_ACTIVE) {
int64_t current_time;
uint64_t pending_size;
if (!qemu_file_rate_limit(s->file)) {
DPRINTF("iterate\n");
pending_size = qemu_savevm_state_pending(s->file, max_size);
DPRINTF("pending size %" PRIu64 " max %" PRIu64 "\n",
pending_size, max_size);
if (pending_size && pending_size >= max_size) {
qemu_savevm_state_iterate(s->file);
} else {
int ret;
DPRINTF("done iterating\n");
qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
start_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
qemu_system_wakeup_request(QEMU_WAKEUP_REASON_OTHER);
old_vm_running = runstate_is_running();
ret = vm_stop_force_state(RUN_STATE_FINISH_MIGRATE);
if (ret >= 0) {
qemu_file_set_rate_limit(s->file, INT_MAX);
qemu_savevm_state_complete(s->file);
}
qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
if (ret < 0) {
migrate_set_state(s, MIG_STATE_ACTIVE, MIG_STATE_ERROR);
break;
}
if (!qemu_file_get_error(s->file)) {
migrate_set_state(s, MIG_STATE_ACTIVE, MIG_STATE_COMPLETED);
break;
}
}
}
if (qemu_file_get_error(s->file)) {
migrate_set_state(s, MIG_STATE_ACTIVE, MIG_STATE_ERROR);
break;
}
current_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
if (current_time >= initial_time + BUFFER_DELAY) {
uint64_t transferred_bytes = qemu_ftell(s->file) - initial_bytes;
uint64_t time_spent = current_time - initial_time;
double bandwidth = transferred_bytes / time_spent;
max_size = bandwidth * migrate_max_downtime() / 1000000;
s->mbps = time_spent ? (((double) transferred_bytes * 8.0) /
((double) time_spent / 1000.0)) / 1000.0 / 1000.0 : -1;
DPRINTF("transferred %" PRIu64 " time_spent %" PRIu64
" bandwidth %g max_size %" PRId64 "\n",
transferred_bytes, time_spent, bandwidth, max_size);
/* if we haven't sent anything, we don't want to recalculate
10000 is a small enough number for our purposes */
if (s->dirty_bytes_rate && transferred_bytes > 10000) {
s->expected_downtime = s->dirty_bytes_rate / bandwidth;
}
qemu_file_reset_rate_limit(s->file);
initial_time = current_time;
initial_bytes = qemu_ftell(s->file);
}
if (qemu_file_rate_limit(s->file)) {
/* usleep expects microseconds */
g_usleep((initial_time + BUFFER_DELAY - current_time)*1000);
}
}
qemu_mutex_lock_iothread();
if (s->state == MIG_STATE_COMPLETED) {
int64_t end_time = qemu_clock_get_ms(QEMU_CLOCK_REALTIME);
s->total_time = end_time - s->total_time;
s->downtime = end_time - start_time;
runstate_set(RUN_STATE_POSTMIGRATE);
} else {
if (old_vm_running) {
vm_start();
}
}
qemu_bh_schedule(s->cleanup_bh);
qemu_mutex_unlock_iothread();
return NULL;
}
void migrate_fd_connect(MigrationState *s)
{
s->state = MIG_STATE_SETUP;
trace_migrate_set_state(MIG_STATE_SETUP);
/* This is a best 1st approximation. ns to ms */
s->expected_downtime = max_downtime/1000000;
s->cleanup_bh = qemu_bh_new(migrate_fd_cleanup, s);
qemu_file_set_rate_limit(s->file,
s->bandwidth_limit / XFER_LIMIT_RATIO);
/* Notify before starting migration thread */
notifier_list_notify(&migration_state_notifiers, s);
qemu_thread_create(&s->thread, migration_thread, s,
QEMU_THREAD_JOINABLE);
}
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