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CLIP Guided Diffusion

From @crowsonkb.

Disclaimer: I'm redirecting efforts to pyglide and may be slow to address bugs here.

I also recommend looking at @crowsonkb's v-diffusion-pytorch.

See captions and more generations in the Gallery.


git clone
cd clip-guided-diffusion
git clone
pip3 install -e guided-diffusion
python3 install


cgd -txt "Alien friend by Odilon Redo"

A gif of the full run will be saved to ./outputs/caption_{j}.gif by default.

Alien friend by Oidlon Redo

  • ./outputs will contain all intermediate outputs
  • current.png will contain the current generation.
  • (optional) Provide --wandb_project <project_name> to enable logging intermediate outputs to wandb. Requires free account. URL to run will be provided in CLI - example run
  • ~/.cache/clip-guided-diffusion/ will contain downloaded checkpoints from OpenAI/Katherine Crowson.

Usage - CLI

Text to image generation

--prompts / -txts --image_size / -size

cgd --image_size 256 --prompts "32K HUHD Mushroom"

32K HUHD Mushroom

Text to image generation (multiple prompts with weights)

  • multiple prompts can be specified with the | character.
  • you may optionally specify a weight for each prompt using a : character.
  • e.g. cgd --prompts "Noun to visualize:1.0|style:0.1|location:0.1|something you dont want:-0.1"
  • weights must not sum to 0

cgd -txt "32K HUHD Mushroom|Green grass:-0.1"


  • Using a CPU will take a very long time compared to using a GPU.

cgd --device cpu --prompt "Some text to be generated"


cgd --prompt "Theres no need to specify a device, it will be chosen automatically"

Iterations/Steps (Timestep Respacing)

--timestep_respacing or -respace (default: 1000)

  • Uses fewer timesteps over the same diffusion schedule. Sacrifices accuracy/alignment for quicker runtime.
  • options: - 25, 50, 150, 250, 500, 1000, ddim25,ddim50,ddim150, ddim250,ddim500,ddim1000
  • (default: 1000)
  • prepending a number with ddim will use the ddim scheduler. e.g. ddim25 will use the 25 timstep ddim scheduler. This method may be better at shorter timestep_respacing values.

Existing image


  • Blend an image with the diffusion for a number of steps.


The number of timesteps to spend blending the image with the guided-diffusion samples. Must be less than --timestep_respacing and greater than 0. Good values using timestep_respacing of 1000 are 250 to 500.

  • -respace 1000 -skip 500
  • -respace 500 -skip 250
  • -respace 250 -skip 125
  • -respace 125 -skip 75


To enable a VGG perceptual loss after the blending, you must specify an --init_scale value. 1000 seems to work well.

cgd --prompts "A mushroom in the style of Vincent Van Gogh" \
  --timestep_respacing 1000 \
  --init_image "images/32K_HUHD_Mushroom.png" \
  --init_scale 1000 \
  --skip_timesteps 350

Image size

  • options: 64, 128, 256, 512 pixels (square)
  • Note about 64x64 when using the 64x64 checkpoint, the cosine noise scheduler is used. For unclear reasons, this noise scheduler requires different values for --clip_guidance_scale and --tv_scale. I recommend starting with -cgs 5 -tvs 0.00001 and experimenting from around there. --clip_guidance_scale and --tv_scale will require experimentation.
  • For all other checkpoints, clip_guidance_scale seems to work well around 1000-2000 and tv_scale at 0, 100, 150 or 200
cgd --init_image=images/32K_HUHD_Mushroom.png \
    --skip_timesteps=500 \
    --image_size 64 \
    --prompt "8K HUHD Mushroom"

resized to 200 pixels for visibility

cgd --image_size 512 --prompt "8K HUHD Mushroom"

New: Non-square Generations (experimental) Generate portrait or landscape images by specifying a number to offset the width and/or height.

  • offset should be a multiple of 16 for image sizes 64x64, 128x128
  • offset should be a multiple of 32 for image sizes 256x256, 512x512
  • may cause NaN/Inf errors.
  • a positive offset will require more memory.
  • a negative offset uses less memory and is faster.
my_caption="a photo of beautiful green hills and a sunset, taken with a blackberry in 2004"
cgd --prompts "$my_caption" \
    --image_size 128 \
    --width_offset 32 

Full Usage - Python

# Initialize diffusion generator
from cgd import clip_guided_diffusion
import cgd_util

cgd_generator = clip_guided_diffusion(
    prompts=["an image of a fox in a forest"],
    randomize_class=False, # only works with class conditioned checkpoints
    diffusion_steps=1000, # dont change this
list(enumerate(tqdm(cgd_generator))) # iterate over generator

Full Usage - CLI

usage: cgd [-h] [--prompts PROMPTS] [--image_prompts IMAGE_PROMPTS]
           [--image_size IMAGE_SIZE] [--init_image INIT_IMAGE]
           [--init_scale INIT_SCALE] [--skip_timesteps SKIP_TIMESTEPS]
           [--prefix PREFIX] [--checkpoints_dir CHECKPOINTS_DIR]
           [--batch_size BATCH_SIZE]
           [--clip_guidance_scale CLIP_GUIDANCE_SCALE] [--tv_scale TV_SCALE]
           [--range_scale RANGE_SCALE] [--sat_scale SAT_SCALE] [--seed SEED]
           [--save_frequency SAVE_FREQUENCY]
           [--diffusion_steps DIFFUSION_STEPS]
           [--timestep_respacing TIMESTEP_RESPACING]
           [--num_cutouts NUM_CUTOUTS] [--cutout_power CUTOUT_POWER]
           [--clip_model CLIP_MODEL] [--uncond]
           [--noise_schedule NOISE_SCHEDULE] [--dropout DROPOUT]
           [--device DEVICE] [--wandb_project WANDB_PROJECT]
           [--wandb_entity WANDB_ENTITY] [--height_offset HEIGHT_OFFSET]
           [--width_offset WIDTH_OFFSET] [--use_augs] [--use_magnitude]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --prompts PROMPTS, -txts PROMPTS
                        the prompt/s to reward paired with weights. e.g. 'My
                        text:0.5|Other text:-0.5' (default: )
  --image_prompts IMAGE_PROMPTS, -imgs IMAGE_PROMPTS
                        the image prompt/s to reward paired with weights. e.g.
                        'img1.png:0.5,img2.png:-0.5' (default: )
  --image_size IMAGE_SIZE, -size IMAGE_SIZE
                        Diffusion image size. Must be one of [64, 128, 256,
                        512]. (default: 128)
  --init_image INIT_IMAGE, -init INIT_IMAGE
                        Blend an image with diffusion for n steps (default: )
  --init_scale INIT_SCALE, -is INIT_SCALE
                        (optional) Perceptual loss scale for init image.
                        (default: 0)
  --skip_timesteps SKIP_TIMESTEPS, -skip SKIP_TIMESTEPS
                        Number of timesteps to blend image for. CLIP guidance
                        occurs after this. (default: 0)
  --prefix PREFIX, -dir PREFIX
                        output directory (default: outputs)
  --checkpoints_dir CHECKPOINTS_DIR, -ckpts CHECKPOINTS_DIR
                        Path subdirectory containing checkpoints. (default:
  --batch_size BATCH_SIZE, -bs BATCH_SIZE
                        the batch size (default: 1)
  --clip_guidance_scale CLIP_GUIDANCE_SCALE, -cgs CLIP_GUIDANCE_SCALE
                        Scale for CLIP spherical distance loss. Values will
                        need tinkering for different settings. (default: 1000)
  --tv_scale TV_SCALE, -tvs TV_SCALE
                        Controls the smoothness of the final output. (default:
  --range_scale RANGE_SCALE, -rs RANGE_SCALE
                        Controls how far out of RGB range values may get.
                        (default: 50.0)
  --sat_scale SAT_SCALE, -sats SAT_SCALE
                        Controls how much saturation is allowed. Used for
                        ddim. From @nshepperd. (default: 0.0)
  --seed SEED, -seed SEED
                        Random number seed (default: 0)
  --save_frequency SAVE_FREQUENCY, -freq SAVE_FREQUENCY
                        Save frequency (default: 1)
  --diffusion_steps DIFFUSION_STEPS, -steps DIFFUSION_STEPS
                        Diffusion steps (default: 1000)
  --timestep_respacing TIMESTEP_RESPACING, -respace TIMESTEP_RESPACING
                        Timestep respacing (default: 1000)
  --num_cutouts NUM_CUTOUTS, -cutn NUM_CUTOUTS
                        Number of randomly cut patches to distort from
                        diffusion. (default: 16)
  --cutout_power CUTOUT_POWER, -cutpow CUTOUT_POWER
                        Cutout size power (default: 1.0)
  --clip_model CLIP_MODEL, -clip CLIP_MODEL
                        clip model name. Should be one of: ('ViT-B/16',
                        'ViT-B/32', 'RN50', 'RN101', 'RN50x4', 'RN50x16') or a
                        checkpoint filename ending in `.pt` (default:
  --uncond, -uncond     Use finetuned unconditional checkpoints from OpenAI
                        (256px) and Katherine Crowson (512px) (default: False)
  --noise_schedule NOISE_SCHEDULE, -sched NOISE_SCHEDULE
                        Specify noise schedule. Either 'linear' or 'cosine'.
                        (default: linear)
  --dropout DROPOUT, -drop DROPOUT
                        Amount of dropout to apply. (default: 0.0)
  --device DEVICE, -dev DEVICE
                        Device to use. Either cpu or cuda. (default: )
  --wandb_project WANDB_PROJECT, -proj WANDB_PROJECT
                        Name W&B will use when saving results. e.g.
                        `--wandb_project "my_project"` (default: None)
  --wandb_entity WANDB_ENTITY, -ent WANDB_ENTITY
                        (optional) Name of W&B team/entity to log to.
                        (default: None)
  --height_offset HEIGHT_OFFSET, -ht HEIGHT_OFFSET
                        Height offset for image (default: 0)
  --width_offset WIDTH_OFFSET, -wd WIDTH_OFFSET
                        Width offset for image (default: 0)
  --use_augs, -augs     Uses augmentations from the `quick` clip guided
                        diffusion notebook (default: False)
  --use_magnitude, -mag
                        Uses magnitude of the gradient (default: False)
  --quiet, -q           Suppress output. (default: False)


git clone
cd clip-guided-diffusion
git clone
python3 -m venv cgd_venv
source cgd_venv/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements.txt
pip install -e guided-diffusion

Run integration tests

  • Some tests require a GPU; you may ignore them if you dont have one.
python -m unittest discover