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OCaml script to date stamp files and move them to a log directory
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README.md

logit.ml - date/time-stamp files and move them to a log directory
Project Website: http://github.com/agarwal/logit

INSTALLATION

logit is an OCaml program. Prerequisites are:

  • OCaml compiler
  • extlib
  • getopt
  • findlib

These are all standard OCaml libraries and you probably already have them if you have OCaml. If you don't, installing OCaml is also trivial.

Build the code by running

make all

Install it by first setting the INSTALL_DIR variable in the Makefile to the directory you would like to install to. Then run

make install

USAGE

Run logit.ml --help for a quick reference. Examples are given below and full details follow.

EXAMPLES

Date-stamp your notes from today:

logit.ml notes.txt

If today's date is April 20, 2010, this would be equivalent to:

mv notes.txt 2010-04-20\ notes.txt

If these notes were from yesterday, but you forgot to run the command until getting back to work this morning, you can set the day manually:

logit.ml -o "%y-%m-19 %s" notes.txt

which would be equivalent to:

mv notes.txt 2010-04-19\ notes.txt

The -o option takes a 'printer' that specifies how the output file name should be formatted. In this case, we used %y and %m to get the current year and month. The %s gave the base of the filename. Note that file extensions are never modified by logit.

If you have a preferred log directory, you can use the -d option:

logit -d ~/log notes.txt

would be equivalent to:

mv notes.txt ~/log/2010-04-20\ notes.txt

You can also extract fields from the original file name and use them to construct the output file name. For example:

logit -i "%s%y%m%d" -o "%y-%m-%d_%s" notes20100818.txt

would be equivalent to:

mv notes20100818.txt 2010-08-18_notes.txt

Here, the -i option specifies a scanner that specifies how the input file name should be parsed. The scanner %s%y%m%d says to parse a string, then a year, then a month, and finally a day. Then, %y in the printer refers to the year value extracted from the input file name.

More complex operations are possible by understanding the detailed reference below.

DETAILED REFERENCE

A scanner is a list of one or more scanner fields:

  • a lone character - parses exactly that character
  • %s - parses a string up until any subsequent scanner field succeeds
  • %y - parses a 4 digit year
  • %m - parses a 2 digit month
  • %d - parses a 2 digit day
  • %h - parses a 2 digit hour
  • %n - parses a 2 digit minute
  • %c - parses a 2 digit second

The scanner is applied to the input file name after stripping off any directory and file extension. Each field in the scanner is then mapped to the particular value parsed in from the file name it was applied to. An error occurs if the parse is not possible.

Multiple %s scanner fields are allowed but not immediately adjacent to each other. Only single instances of the date and time fields are allowed.

A printer is a list of one or more printer fields:

  • a lone character - prints exactly that character
  • %[n]s - a percent, an optional integer, and then an s. If no integer is given, it defaults to 1. It prints the nth string extracted by the scanner.
  • %[(+|-)N]y - a percent, an optional signed integer value, and a y. It prints the current year if the scanner did not contain a %y, or it prints the year extracted by the scanner if it did. The signed integer value is used to first modify this value.
  • As above. Instead of y, can use m, d, h, n, or c with analogous meaning for month, day, hour, minute, and second.

If not given, the default scanner is "%s" and the default printer is "%y-%m-%d %s".

LICENSE

This software is distributed under an MIT license as provided in the LICENSE file distributed with this software.

CONTACT

Ashish Agarwal (agarwal1975@gmail.com)

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