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A module for evaluating memcached or proxy response into variable

tag: 2010.12.29
README
Synopsis

    # an example for working with the ngx_drizzle + ngx_rds_json
    # modules, but you must put ngx_rds_json *after*
    # ngx_eval during nginx configure, for example:
    #     ./configure --add-module=/path/to/nginx-eval-module \
    #           --add-module=/path/to/rds-json-nginx-module \
    #           --add-module=/path/to/drizzle-nginx-module
    location = /mysql {
        eval_subrequest_in_memory off;
        eval_override_content_type text/plain;
        eval_buffer_size 4k; # default 4k, truncated if overflown
        eval $res {
            drizzle_query "select * from cats";
            drizzle_pass my_mysql_backend;
            rds_json_on;
        }
        # now $res holds the JSON formatted result set
        if ($res ~ '"Tom"') {
            echo "Found the Tom cat!";
            break;
        }
        echo "The Tom cat is missing!";
    }

   # an example for working with the ngx_postgres module
   location = /login {
       eval_subrequest_in_memory off;
       eval_override_content_type text/plain;
       eval_buffer_size 1k;
       eval $uid {
           postgres_query "select id
               from users
               where name=$arg_name and pass=$arg_pass";
           postgres_pass pg_backend;
           postgres_output value 0 0;
       }
       if ($uid !~ '^\d+$') {
           rewrite ^ /relogin redirect; break;
       }
       # your content handler settings...
    }

Description

    This fork of ngx_eval can work with any content handlers and
    even with filters enabled as long as you put ngx_eval *before*
    your filter modules during nginx configure, for instance

    ./configure --prefix=/opt/nginx \
            --add-module=/path/to/this/nginx-eval-module \
            --add-module=/path/to/your/filter/module \
            --add-module=/path/to/your/other/filters

such that ngx_eval's filter works *after* your filter modules.

Limitations
    *   The contents of subrequests issued from the eval block won't be
        captured properly.

Compatibility
    The following versions of Nginx should work with this module:

    *   0.8.0 ~ 0.8.41, 0.8.54+ (0.8.42 ~ 0.8.53 requires patching, see below)

    *   0.7.x >= 0.7.21 (last tested version is 0.7.66)

Note that nginx 0.8.42 ~ 0.8.53 won't work due to a famous regression appeared
since 0.8.42: <http://forum.nginx.org/read.php?29,103078,103078 >,
but fortunately a patch is available for nginx 0.8.53:

    http://agentzh.org/misc/nginx/nginx-0.8.53-rewrite_phase_fix.patch

This one-line patch should also be able to apply cleanly to other versions
of nginx 0.8.42 ~ 0.8.53.

Nowadays we prefer ngx_lua to do the tasks originally done by ngx_eval
because of various inherent limitations in ngx_eval (and yeah, it also
requires patching the core for nginx 0.8.42+, sigh).

Here's a small example using ngx_lua:

 location / {
   content_by_lua '
       local res = ngx.location.capture("/getbanner")
       ngx.print(res.body)
   ';
 }

 location /getbanner {
       internal;
       proxy_pass http://backend.local:3500;
 }

Original ngx_eval documentation:

Documentation for this module could be found under following URLs:

  * English:

    http://www.grid.net.ru/nginx/eval.en.html

  * Russian:

    http://www.grid.net.ru/nginx/eval.ru.html

This work is commissioned by gadu-gadu.pl

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