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Code for reproducing work of ICML 2019 paper: Memory-Optimal Direct Convolutions for Maximizing Classification Accuracy in Embedded Applications
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Arduino Add files via upload May 14, 2019
MNIST - Arduino.ipynb
MNIST - Data Generator.ipynb
MNIST - Plots.ipynb
MNIST - Sweeps.ipynb
MNIST - Training.ipynb

Supplemental Code for ICML Submission

This directory contains files associated with the ICML submission "Memory-Optimal Direct Convolutions for Maximizing Classification Accuracy in Embedded Applications".


The main dependencies are shown below.

  1. Python 2.7
  2. TensorFlow 1.13
  3. Keras 2.2
  4. pyserial

Main Contents

The contents are best understood as being split by different segments of the (relatively linear) work flow. Thus, understanding the files in the same order may make it easier to understand.

  1. MNIST - Data Generator.ipynb - generates the augmented dataset.
  2. MNIST - Sweeps.ipynb - finds the optimal architecture through a brute-force sweep of hyperparameters.
  3. MNIST - Training.ipynb - runs training on the network identified in Sweeps using data generated in Data Generator.
  4. MNIST - Arduino.ipynb - interfaces to and verifies accuracy of the Arduino. It uses the final network parameters from Training.
  5. MNIST - Plots.ipynb - generates plots for the paper, including interesting relationships between network size and accuracy.
  6. Arduino/cnn.cpp - The Arduino code for reading in a full neural network specification and a stream of images and outputting the image class, all via serial communications.

In addition, see the helper files:

  1. - establishes an easy way of defining networks so they can be analyzed for memory usage and also built very easily.
  2. - defines custom Keras layers for easy quantization during training.

Some results have also been included for convenience:

  1. sweeps - contains sweeps saved during the sweep process.
  2. models - contains models saved during the training process.

However, data files have not been included, because they are too large.

  1. augmented_x_200k_v2.npy
  2. augmented_y_200k_v2.npy

Arduino Workflow

The Arduino code uses Arduino-Makefile. To run it:

  1. Connect your Arduino (we used an Arduino nano with the ATmega328P chip).
  2. Navigate to <root>/Arduino.
  3. Run make, then make upload.
  4. Open MNIST - Arduino.ipynb for an example of Arduino communications to Python.


Albert Gural

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