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ed46d6b Jul 23, 2018
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@ahmetb @MaxBischoff
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ALLOW all traffic from a namespace

This policy is similar to allowing traffic from all namespaces but shows how you can choose particular namespaces.

Use Case:

  • Restrict traffic to a production database only to namespaces where production workloads are deployed.
  • Enable monitoring tools deployed to a particular namespace to scrape metrics from the current namespace.

Diagram of ALLOW all traffic from a namespace policy

Example

Run a web server in the default namespace:

kubectl run web --image=nginx \
    --labels=app=web --expose --port 80

Now, suppose you have these three namespaces:

  • default: (installed by Kubernetes) This is where your API is deployed.
  • prod: Other production workloads run here. This has label purpose=prod.
  • dev: This is your dev/test area. This has label purpose=testing.

Create the prod and dev namespaces:

kubectl create namespace dev
kubectl label namespace/dev purpose=testing
kubectl create namespace prod
kubectl label namespace/prod purpose=production

The following manifest restricts traffic to only pods in namespaces that has label purpose=production. Save it to web-allow-prod.yaml and apply to the cluster:

kind: NetworkPolicy
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: web-allow-prod
spec:
  podSelector:
    matchLabels:
      app: web
  ingress:
  - from:
    - namespaceSelector:
        matchLabels:
          purpose: production
$ kubectl apply -f web-allow-prod.yaml
networkpolicy "web-allow-prod" created

Try it out

Query this web server from dev namespace, observe it is blocked:

$ kubectl run test-$RANDOM --namespace=dev --rm -i -t --image=alpine -- sh
If you don't see a command prompt, try pressing enter.
/ # wget -qO- --timeout=2 http://web.default
wget: download timed out

(traffic blocked)

Query it from prod namespace, observe it is allowed:

$ kubectl run test-$RANDOM --namespace=prod --rm -i -t --image=alpine -- sh
If you don't see a command prompt, try pressing enter.
/ # wget -qO- --timeout=2 http://web.default
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
...
(traffic allowed)

Cleanup

kubectl delete networkpolicy web-allow-prod
kubectl delete deployment web
kubectl delete service web
kubectl delete namespace {prod,dev}