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sa-weet data access object library for rails. top secret.

branch: master

version

latest commit 4f4d6a0599
ara.t.howard authored February 21, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 lib version February 21, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 pkg version February 21, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 test some things do not need to be escaped December 28, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 .gitignore pull out rails_nav dep. v5.0.0 April 12, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 Gemfile v5.1.2 June 09, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 Gemfile.lock better default html for form messages September 09, 2013
Octocat-spinner-32 README meh June 10, 2012
Octocat-spinner-32 Rakefile version February 21, 2014
Octocat-spinner-32 dao.gemspec version February 21, 2014
README
NAME
  dao

SYNOPSIS
  a sa-weet-ass library for structuring rails applications using the 'data
  access object' design pattern.  dao consists of two main data access
  objects, *api* objects and *conducer* objects.  conducers combine the
  presenter pattern with the conductor pattern.


  API

    class Api < Dao::Api
      call('/posts') do
        get do
          data[:posts] = Post.all.map{|post| post.attributes}
        end

        post do
          post = Post.new(params[:post])

          if post.save
            data[:post] = post.attributes
          else
            status 420
          end
        end
      end
    end

  CONDUCER

    # TODO


  wikipedia has this to say about dao in general

    "

      In computer software, a data access object (DAO) is an object that
      provides an abstract interface to some type of database or persistence
      mechanism, providing some specific operations without exposing details
      of the database.  It provides a mapping from application calls to the
      persistence layer. This isolation separates the concerns of what data
      accesses the application needs, in terms of domain-specific objects and
      data types (the public interface of the DAO), and how these needs can be
      satisfied with a specific DBMS, database schema, etc. (the
      implementation of the DAO).

    " 
      - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_access_object

  and

    "
      Models are not data access objects...
    "

      - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Model%E2%80%93view%E2%80%93controller

DESCRITPION

  API
    applications that are written on dao look like this in ruby

      result = api.call('/posts/new', params)

    and like this in javascript

      result = api.call('/posts/new', params)

    in command-line applications they look like this

      result = api.call('/posts/new', params)

    and in tests this syntax is used

      result = api.call('/posts/new', params)

    when a developer wants to understand the interface of a dao application
    she does this

      vi app/api.rb

    when a developer of a dao application wants to play with a dao application
    interactively she does

      (rails console)

      > api = Api.new result = api.call('/posts/new', params)

    when a remote client wants to understand the api of a dao application she
    does

      curl --silent http://dao.app.com/api | less



    this kind of brutally consistent interface is made possible by structuring
    access to data around the finest data structure of all time - the hash.
    in the case of dao the hash is a well structured and slightly clever hash,
    but a simple hash interface is the basis of every bit of goodness dao has
    to offer.

    in dao, application developers do not bring models into controllers and,
    especially not into views.  instead, a unified interface to application
    logic and data is used everywhere: in tests, in controllers, from the
    command-line, and also from javascript.

    this seperation of concerns brings with it many, many desirable qualities:

      - total seperation of concerns between the front and back end of a web
        application.  when developers are using dao changes to the data model
        have zero effect on controllers and views.

      - issues related to having models in controllers and views such as
        difficulty reasoning about caching and n+1 queries in views killing
        the db simply disappear.

      - bad programming practices like using quasi-global variables
        (current_user) or decorating models with view specific attributes
        (password_verification) are no longer needed.

      - developers are able to reason over the abilities of an application by
        reading only a few source files.

      - databases can be swapped, mixed, or alternate storage/caching
        mechanisms added at any time without affecting the application's
        controllers or views.

      - transition from form based views to semi-ajax ones to fully-ajax ones
        is direct.

      - forms and interfaces that involve dozens of models are as easy to deal
        with as simple ones.

      - code can be optimized at the interface

READING
  http://blog.plataformatec.com.br/2012/03/barebone-models-to-use-with-actionpack-in-rails-4-0/
  http://martinfowler.com/eaaCatalog/serviceLayer.html
  http://blog.firsthand.ca/2011/10/rails-is-not-your-application.html
  http://best-practice-software-engineering.ifs.tuwien.ac.at/patterns/dao.html
  http://www.codefutures.com/data-access-object/
  http://java.sun.com/blueprints/corej2eepatterns/Patterns/DataAccessObject.html
  http://www.paperplanes.de/2010/5/7/activerecord_callbacks_ruined_my_life.html
  http://google-styleguide.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/jsoncstyleguide.xml
  http://pragdave.blogs.pragprog.com/pragdave/2007/03/the_radar_archi.html
  http://borisstaal.com/post/22586260753/mvc-in-a-browser-vs-reality


INSTALL
  gem 'dao', :path => File.expand_path('..') ### Gemfile
  rails generate dao api
  vim -o app/api.rb app/controllers/api_controller.rb
  curl --silent http://0.0.0.0:3000/api
  curl --silent http://0.0.0.0:3000/api/ping

HISTORY
  4.0.0
    - dao depends has tied itself to rails, for better or worse...
    - drop custom form encoding.  just use a rack-like approach.
    - dao form parameter encoding has changed slightly to 'dao[/api/path][x,y,z]=42'
    - dao form paramters are now preparsed in a before filter
 
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