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# Apache configuration file
# httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/quickreference.html
# Note .htaccess files are an overhead, this logic should be in your Apache config if possible
# httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/howto/htaccess.html
# Techniques in here adapted from all over, including:
# Kroc Camen: camendesign.com/.htaccess
# perishablepress.com/press/2006/01/10/stupid-htaccess-tricks/
# Sample .htaccess file of CMS MODx: modxcms.com
###
### If you run a webserver other than apache, consider:
### github.com/paulirish/html5-boilerplate-server-configs
###
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Better website experience for IE users
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Force the latest IE version, in various cases when it may fall back to IE7 mode
# github.com/rails/rails/commit/123eb25#commitcomment-118920
# Use ChromeFrame if it's installed for a better experience for the poor IE folk
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
BrowserMatch MSIE ie
Header set X-UA-Compatible "IE=Edge,chrome=1" env=ie
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
# Because X-UA-Compatible isn't sent to non-IE (to save header bytes),
# We need to inform proxies that content changes based on UA
Header append Vary User-Agent
# Cache control is set only if mod_headers is enabled, so that's unncessary to declare
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Cross-domain AJAX requests
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Serve cross-domain ajax requests, disabled.
# enable-cors.org
# code.google.com/p/html5security/wiki/CrossOriginRequestSecurity
# <IfModule mod_headers.c>
# Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"
# </IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Webfont access
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# allow access from all domains for webfonts
# alternatively you could only whitelist
# your subdomains like "sub.domain.com"
<FilesMatch "\.(ttf|otf|eot|woff|font.css)$">
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"
</IfModule>
</FilesMatch>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Proper MIME type for all files
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# audio
AddType audio/ogg oga ogg
# video
AddType video/ogg ogv
AddType video/mp4 mp4
AddType video/webm webm
# Proper svg serving. Required for svg webfonts on iPad
# twitter.com/FontSquirrel/status/14855840545
AddType image/svg+xml svg svgz
AddEncoding gzip svgz
# webfonts
AddType application/vnd.ms-fontobject eot
AddType font/truetype ttf
AddType font/opentype otf
AddType application/x-font-woff woff
# assorted types
AddType image/x-icon ico
AddType image/webp webp
AddType text/cache-manifest appcache manifest
AddType text/x-component htc
AddType application/x-chrome-extension crx
AddType application/x-xpinstall xpi
AddType application/octet-stream safariextz
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Allow concatenation from within specific js and css files
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# e.g. Inside of script.combined.js you could have
# <!--#include file="libs/jquery-1.5.0.min.js" -->
# <!--#include file="plugins/jquery.idletimer.js" -->
# and they would be included into this single file
# this is not in use in the boilerplate as it stands. you may
# choose to name your files in this way for this advantage
# or concatenate and minify them manually.
# Disabled by default.
# <FilesMatch "\.combined\.(js|css)$">
# Options +Includes
# SetOutputFilter INCLUDES
# </FilesMatch>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# gzip compression
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
<IfModule mod_deflate.c>
# force deflate for mangled headers developer.yahoo.com/blogs/ydn/posts/2010/12/pushing-beyond-gzipping/
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
SetEnvIfNoCase ^(Accept-EncodXng|X-cept-Encoding|X{15}|~{15}|-{15})$ ^((gzip|deflate)\s,?\s(gzip|deflate)?|X{4,13}|~{4,13}|-{4,13})$ HAVE_Accept-Encoding
RequestHeader append Accept-Encoding "gzip,deflate" env=HAVE_Accept-Encoding
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
# html, txt, css, js, json, xml, htc:
<IfModule filter_module>
FilterDeclare COMPRESS
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type /text/(html|css|javascript|plain|x(ml|-component))/
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type /application/(javascript|json|xml|x-javascript)/
FilterChain COMPRESS
FilterProtocol COMPRESS change=yes;byteranges=no
</IfModule>
<IfModule !mod_filter.c>
# Legacy versions of Apache
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html text/plain text/css application/json
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/javascript application/javascript application/x-javascript
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/xml application/xml text/x-component
</IfModule>
# webfonts and svg:
<FilesMatch "\.(ttf|otf|eot|svg)$" >
SetOutputFilter DEFLATE
</FilesMatch>
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Expires headers (for better cache control)
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# these are pretty far-future expires headers
# they assume you control versioning with cachebusting query params like
# <script src="application.js?20100608">
# additionally, consider that outdated proxies may miscache
# www.stevesouders.com/blog/2008/08/23/revving-filenames-dont-use-querystring/
# if you don't use filenames to version, lower the css and js to something like
# "access plus 1 week" or so
<IfModule mod_expires.c>
ExpiresActive on
# Perhaps better to whitelist expires rules? Perhaps.
ExpiresDefault "access plus 1 month"
# cache.appcache needs re-requests in FF 3.6 (thx Remy ~Introducing HTML5)
ExpiresByType text/cache-manifest "access plus 0 seconds"
# your document html
ExpiresByType text/html "access plus 0 seconds"
# data
ExpiresByType text/xml "access plus 0 seconds"
ExpiresByType application/xml "access plus 0 seconds"
ExpiresByType application/json "access plus 0 seconds"
# rss feed
ExpiresByType application/rss+xml "access plus 1 hour"
# favicon (cannot be renamed)
ExpiresByType image/x-icon "access plus 1 week"
# media: images, video, audio
ExpiresByType image/gif "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType image/png "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType image/jpg "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType video/ogg "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType audio/ogg "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType video/mp4 "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType video/webm "access plus 1 month"
# htc files (css3pie)
ExpiresByType text/x-component "access plus 1 month"
# webfonts
ExpiresByType font/truetype "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType font/opentype "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType application/x-font-woff "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType image/svg+xml "access plus 1 month"
ExpiresByType application/vnd.ms-fontobject "access plus 1 month"
# css and javascript
ExpiresByType text/css "access plus 2 months"
ExpiresByType application/javascript "access plus 2 months"
ExpiresByType text/javascript "access plus 2 months"
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header append Cache-Control "public"
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# ETag removal
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Since we're sending far-future expires, we don't need ETags for
# static content.
# developer.yahoo.com/performance/rules.html#etags
FileETag None
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Stop screen flicker in IE on CSS rollovers
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following directives stop screen flicker in IE on CSS rollovers - in
# combination with the "ExpiresByType" rules for images (see above). If
# needed, un-comment the following rules.
# BrowserMatch "MSIE" brokenvary=1
# BrowserMatch "Mozilla/4.[0-9]{2}" brokenvary=1
# BrowserMatch "Opera" !brokenvary
# SetEnvIf brokenvary 1 force-no-vary
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Cookie setting from iframes
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Allow cookies to be set from iframes (for IE only)
# If needed, uncomment and specify a path or regex in the Location directive
# <IfModule mod_headers.c>
# <Location />
# Header set P3P "policyref=\"/w3c/p3p.xml\", CP=\"IDC DSP COR ADM DEVi TAIi PSA PSD IVAi IVDi CONi HIS OUR IND CNT\""
# </Location>
# </IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Start rewrite engine
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Turning on the rewrite engine is necessary for the following rules and features.
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Suppress or force the "www." at the beginning of URLs
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# The same content should never be available under two different URLs - especially not with and
# without "www." at the beginning, since this can cause SEO problems (duplicate content).
# That's why you should choose one of the alternatives and redirect the other one.
# By default option 1 (no "www.") is activated. Remember: Shorter URLs are sexier.
# no-www.org/faq.php?q=class_b
# If you rather want to use option 2, just comment out all option 1 lines
# and uncomment option 2.
# IMPORTANT: NEVER USE BOTH RULES AT THE SAME TIME!
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Option 1:
# Rewrite "www.domain.com -> domain.com"
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.(.+)$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://%1/$1 [R=301,L]
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Option 2:
# To rewrite "domain.com -> www.domain.com" uncomment the following lines.
# Be aware that the following rule might not be a good idea if you
# use "real" subdomains for certain parts of your website.
# <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
# RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
# RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www\..+$ [NC]
# RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} (.+)$ [NC]
# RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.%1/$1 [R=301,L]
# </IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Add/remove trailing slash to (non-file) URLs
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Google treats URLs with and without trailing slashes separately.
# Forcing a trailing slash is usually preferred, but all that's really
# important is that one correctly redirects to the other.
# By default option 1 (force trailing slash) is activated.
# http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2010/04/to-slash-or-not-to-slash.html
# http://www.alistapart.com/articles/slashforward/
# http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.0/misc/rewriteguide.html#url Trailing Slash Problem
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Option 1:
# Rewrite "domain.com/foo -> domain.com/foo/"
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !(\.[a-zA-Z0-9]{1,5}|/|#(.*))$
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ /$1/ [R=301,L]
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Option 2:
# Rewrite "domain.com/foo/ -> domain.com/foo"
#<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
# RewriteRule ^(.*)/$ /$1 [R=301,L]
#</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Built-in filename-based cache busting
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# If you're not using the build script to manage your filename version revving,
# you might want to consider enabling this, which will route requests for
# /css/all.20110203.css to /res/all.css
# To understand why this is important and a better idea than all.css?v1231,
# read: github.com/paulirish/html5-boilerplate/wiki/Version-Control-with-Cachebusting
# Uncomment to enable.
# <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
# RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
# RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
# RewriteRule ^(.+)\.(\d+)\.(js|css|png|jpg|gif)$ $1.$3 [L]
# </IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Prevent SSL cert warnings
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Rewrite secure requests properly to prevent SSL cert warnings, e.g. prevent
# https://www.domain.com when your cert only allows https://secure.domain.com
# Uncomment the following lines to use this feature.
# <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
# RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} !^443
# RewriteRule (.*) https://example-domain-please-change-me.com/$1 [R=301,L]
# </IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Prevent 404 errors for non-existing redirected folders
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# without -MultiViews, Apache will give a 404 for a rewrite if a folder of the same name does not exist
# e.g. /blog/hello : webmasterworld.com/apache/3808792.htm
Options -MultiViews
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# custom 404 page
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# You can add custom pages to handle 500 or 403 pretty easily, if you like.
ErrorDocument 404 /404.html
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# UTF-8 encoding
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# use utf-8 encoding for anything served text/plain or text/html
AddDefaultCharset utf-8
# force utf-8 for a number of file formats
AddCharset utf-8 .html .css .js .xml .json .rss
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# A little more security
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Do we want to advertise the exact version number of Apache we're running?
# Probably not.
## This can only be enabled if used in httpd.conf - It will not work in .htaccess
# ServerTokens Prod
# "-Indexes" will have Apache block users from browsing folders without a default document
# Usually you should leave this activated, because you shouldn't allow everybody to surf through
# every folder on your server (which includes rather private places like CMS system folders).
# Options -Indexes
# Block access to "hidden" directories whose names begin with a period. This
# includes directories used by version control systems such as Subversion or Git.
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteRule "(^|/)\." - [F]
</IfModule>
# If your server is not already configured as such, the following directive
# should be uncommented in order to set PHP's register_globals option to OFF.
# This closes a major security hole that is abused by most XSS (cross-site
# scripting) attacks. For more information: http://php.net/register_globals
#
# IF REGISTER_GLOBALS DIRECTIVE CAUSES 500 INTERNAL SERVER ERRORS :
#
# Your server does not allow PHP directives to be set via .htaccess. In that
# case you must make this change in your php.ini file instead. If you are
# using a commercial web host, contact the administrators for assistance in
# doing this. Not all servers allow local php.ini files, and they should
# include all PHP configurations (not just this one), or you will effectively
# reset everything to PHP defaults. Consult www.php.net for more detailed
# information about setting PHP directives.
# php_flag register_globals Off
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