Extract prominent colors from an image
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akfish Merge pull request #59 from lasseborly/patch-1
Correct docs for `Swatch.getTitleTextColor` and `Swatch.getBodyTextColor`
Latest commit 1b84e57 Dec 3, 2017



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Extract prominent colors from an image.

New WebWorker support in v3.0

Quantization is the most time-consuming stage in node-vibrant. In v3.0, the quantization can be run in the WebWorker to avoid freezing the UI thread.

Here's how to use this feature:

  1. Use WebWorker build dist/vibrant.worker.js or dist/vibrant.worker.min.js. Or if you are re-bundling with webpack, use lib/bundle.worker.js as entry
  2. Use WebWorker quantizer:
    let v = Vibrant.from(src)
      // Other configurations


  • Identical API for both node.js and browser environment
  • Support browserify/webpack
  • Consistent results (*See Result Consistency)


$ npm install node-vibrant


node.js / browserify

// ES5
var Vibrant = require('node-vibrant')
// ES6
import * as Vibrant from 'node-vibrant'
// TypeScript
import Vibrant = require('node-vibrant')

// Using builder
Vibrant.from('path/to/image').getPalette((err, palette) => console.log(palette))
// Promise
  .then((palette) => console.log(palette))

// Using constructor
let v = new Vibrant('path/to/image', opts)
v.getPalette((err, palette) => console.log(palette))
// Promise
v.getPalette().then((palette) => console.log(palette))


If you installed node-vibrant with npm, compiled bundles are available under node_modules/node-vibrant/dist. Or you can download bundles from Relases.

<!-- Debug version -->
<script src="/path/to/dist/vibrant.js"></script>
<!-- Uglified version -->
<script src="/path/to/dist/vibrant.min.js"></script>

  // Use `Vibrant` in script
  // Vibrant is exported to global. window.Vibrant === Vibrant
  Vibrant.from('path/to/image').getPalette(function(err, palette) {});
  // Promise
  Vibrant.from('path/to/image').getPalette().then(function(palette) {});
  // Or
  var v = new Vibrant('/path/to/image', opts);
  // ... same as in node.js

Contribution Guidelines

  1. Make changes
  2. Write test specs if necessary
  3. Pass tests
  4. Commit source files only (without compiled files)



Main class of node-vibrant.

Vibrant.from(src: ImageSource): Builder

Make a Builder for an image. Returns a Builder instance.

constructor(src: ImageSource, opts: Partial<Options>)

Name Description
image Path to image file (support HTTP/HTTPs)
opts Options (optional)
export type ImageSource = string 
  | HTMLImageElement  // Browser only 
  | Buffer            // Node.js only
export interface Options {
    colorCount: number
    quality: number
    maxDimension: number
    filters: Array<Filter>
    ImageClass: ImageClass
    quantizer: Quantizer
    generator?: Generator
Field Default Description
colorCount 64 amount of colors in initial palette from which the swatches will be generated
quality 5 Scale down factor used in downsampling stage. 1 means no downsampling. If maxDimension is set, this value will not be used.
maxDimension undefined The max size of the image's longer side used in downsampling stage. This field will override quality.
filters [] An array of filters
ImageClass Image.Node or Image.Browser An Image implementation class
quantizer Vibrant.Quantizer.MMCQ A Quantizer implementation class
generator Vibrant.Generator.Default An Generator instance
export type Resolvable<T> = T | Bluebird<T>
export interface Quantizer {
    (pixels: Pixels, opts: Options): Resolvable<Array<Swatch>>
export interface Generator {
    (swatches: Array<Swatch>, opts?: Object): Resolvable<Palette>

Returns true if the color is to be kept.

export interface Filter {
    (red: number, green: number, blue: number, alpha: number): boolean

getPalette(cb?: Callback<Palette>): Bluebird<Palette>

Name Description
cb (Optional) callback function. Can be omitted when using Promise.
export interface Callback<T> {
    (err?: Error, result?: T): void

getSwatches(cb?: Callback<Palette>): Bluebird<Palette>

Alias of getPalette.


Helper class for change configurations and create a Vibrant instance. Methods of a Builder instance can be chained like:

  // ...
  .then((palette) => {})

constructor(src: ImageSource, opts: Partial<Options>)

Arguments are the same as Vibrant.constructor.

quality(q: number): Builder

Sets opts.quality to q. Returns this Builder instance.

maxColorCount(n: number): Builder

Sets opts.colorCount to n. Returns this Builder instance.

maxDimension(d: number): Builder

Sets opts.maxDimension to d. Returns this Builder instance.

addFilter(f: Filter): Builder

Adds a filter function. Returns this Builder instance.

removeFilter(f: Filter): Builder

Removes a filter function. Returns this Builder instance.

clearFilters(): Builder

Clear all filters. Returns this Builder instance.

useImageClass(imageClass: ImageClass): Builder

Specifies which Image implementation class to use. Returns this Builder instance.

useQuantizer(quantizer: Quantizer): Builder

Specifies which Quantizer implementation class to use. Returns this Builder instance.

useGenerator(generator: Generator): Builder

Sets opts.generator to generator. Returns this Builder instance.

build(): Vibrant

Builds and returns a Vibrant instance as configured.

getPalette(cb?: Callback<Palette>): Bluebird<Palette>

Builds a Vibrant instance as configured and calls its getPalette method.

getSwatches(cb? Callback<Palette>): Bluebird<Palette>

Alias of getPalette.


Represents a color swatch generated from an image's palette.


export interface Vec3 extends Array<number> {
    0: number,
    1: number,
    2: number

constructor(rgb: Vec3, population: number)

Internal use.

Name Description
rgb [r, g, b]
population Population of the color in an image

getHsl(): Vec3

getPopulation(): number

getRgb(): Vec3

getHex(): string

getTitleTextColor(): string

Returns an appropriate color to use for any 'title' text which is displayed over this Swatch's color.

getBodyTextColor(): string

Returns an appropriate color to use for any 'body' text which is displayed over this Swatch's color.


Utility methods. Internal usage.

hexToRgb(hex: string): Vec3

rgbToHex(r: number, g: number, b: number): string

hslToRgb(h: number, s: number, l: number): Vec3

rgbToHsl(r: number, g: number, b: number): Vec3

xyzToRgb(x: number, y: number, z: number): Vec3

rgbToXyz(r: number, g: number, b: number): Vec3

xyzToCIELab(x: number, y: number, z: number): Vec3

rgbToCIELab(l: number, a: number, b: number): Vec3

deltaE94(lab1: number, lab2: number): number

Computes CIE delta E 1994 diff between lab1 and lab2. The 2 colors are in CIE-Lab color space. Used in tests to compare 2 colors' perceptual similarity.

rgbDiff(rgb1: Vec3, rgb2: Vec3): number

Compute CIE delta E 1994 diff between rgb1 and rgb2.

hexDiff(hex1: string, hex2: string): number

Compute CIE delta E 1994 diff between hex1 and hex2.

getColorDiffStatus(d: number): string

Gets a string to describe the meaning of the color diff. Used in tests.

Delta E Perception Returns
<= 1.0 Not perceptible by human eyes. "Perfect"
1 - 2 Perceptible through close observation. "Close"
2 - 10 Perceptible at a glance. "Good"
11 - 49 Colors are more similar than opposite "Similar"
50 - 100 Colors are exact opposite Wrong

NPM Tasks

Task Description
build:browser Build browser target
build:node Build node.js target
build Build all targets
clean:browser Clean browser build
clean:node Clean node.js build
clean Clean all builds
test:browser Run browser specs (karma)
test:node Run node.js specs (mocha)
test Run all specs


Intentional Deviation From vibrant.js

  • node-vibrant takes image path, not the image object as parameter for the obvious reason that node.js environment has no access to HTML DOM object.
  • node-vibrant provides asynchronous API since most node.js image processing library is asynchronous. And the original vibrant.js workflow is asynchronous any way (though you will have to handle the image loading yourself, while node-vibrant does it for you).
  • node-vibrant uses one single opts object to hold all options for future expansions. And it feels more node.js-like.
  • node-vibrant uses method call to initiate image processing instead of constructor so that developers can use it with Promise.

Result Consistency

The results is consistent within each user's browser instance regardelss of visible region or display size of the image, unlike the original vibrant.js implementation.

However, due to the very nature of HTML5 canvas element, image rendering is platform/machine-dependent. Thus the resulting swatches in browser environment varies and may not be the same as in node.js nor in another machine. See Canvas Fingerprinting.

The test specs use CIE delta E 1994 color difference to measure inconsistencies across platforms. It compares the generated color on node.js, Chrome, Firefox and IE11. At quality == 1 (no downsampling) and no filters, the results are rather consistent. Color diffs between browsers are mostly not perceptible by human eyes. Downsampling will cause perceptible inconsistent results across browsers due to differences in canvas implementations.