LZO, Thrift, and/or Protocol Buffer-related Hadoop InputFormats, OutputFormats, Writables, Pig LoadFuncs, Hive SerDe, HBase miscellanea, etc. The majority of these are in production at Twitter running over data every day.Twitter's library of
- git clone
- check out javadoc, etc.
- build examples: cd examples && ant;
Note: for any of the LZO-based code, make sure that the native LZO libraries are on your
java.library.path. Generally this is done by setting
hadoop-env.sh. You can also add lines like
pig-env.sh. See the instructions for Hadoop-LZO for more details.
There are a few simple examples that use the input formats. Note how the protocol buffer-based formats work, and also note that the examples build file uses the custom codegen stuff. See below for more about that.
NOTE: This is an experimental branch for working with Pig 0.8. It may not work. Caveat emptor.
- Protocol Buffers 2.3 (not compatible with 2.4+)
- Pig 0.8. 0.9 (not compatible with 0.7 and below)
- Hive 0.7 (with HIVE-1616)
- Thrift 0.5
Building Without Protocol Buffers
If you don't want to build elephant-bird with protobuf support or you don't have protobuf >= 2.3 available (fedora for instance only provides 2.2), you can have ant exclude all classes that rely on protobuf by using ant noproto target
for the default target this would be:
ant noproto release-jar
Hadoop Input Formats
- JSON data
- Line-based data (TextInputFormat but for LZO; also available in deprecated 0.18 format)
- W3C logs
- Serialized protocol buffers in one of three flavors
- Block-based (also available in deprecated 0.18 format)
- Block-based, into generic bytes.
- Line-based, base64 encoded
- Same as protocol buffers, but Thrift.
- Protocol buffer and Thrift writables
- Serialized protocol buffers and Thrift messages in one of two flavors
- Line-based, base64 encoded
- LZO-only (patches to make this more general would be great)
LoadFuncs for Pig
- JSON data
- Regex-based loaders
- LzoPigStorage (just what it sounds like)
- W3C logs
- Serialized protocol buffers
- Block-based (dynamic or via codegen, see below)
- Line-based, base64 encoded (dynamic or via codegen, see below)
- In SequenceFiles, using ProtobufWritableConverter
- Serialized Thrift
- Block-based (dynamic)
- Line-based, base64 encoded (dynamic)
- In SequenceFiles, using ThriftWritableConverter
- SequenceFile Loaders
- Has converter interface for turning Tuples into Writable
- provides implementations to convert generic Writables, Thrift, Protobufs
LZO-based StoreFuncs for Pig
- Serialized Protobufs and Thrift
- SequenceFile Storage (with converters, as above)
- Counters in Pig
- Protocol buffer utilities
- Thrift utilities
- Conversions from protocol buffers and Thrift messages to pig tuples
- Conversions from Thrift to PB's DynamicMessage
- Reading and writing block-based protocol buffer format (see ProtobufBlockWriter)
Working with Thrift and Protocol Buffers in Hadoop
We provide InputFormats, OutputFormats, Pig Load / Store functions, Hive SerDes,
and Writables for working with Thrift and Google Protocol Buffers.
We haven't written up the docs yet, but look at
examples directory for reflection-based dynamic usage.
We also provide utilities for generating Protobuf-specific Loaders, Input/Output Formats, etc, if for some reason you want to avoid
the dynamic bits.
Note: this is not strictly required for working with Protocol Buffers in Hadoop. We can do most of this dynamically. Some people like having specific classes, though, so this functionality is available since protobuf 2.3 makes it so easy to do.
In protobuf 2.3, Google introduced the notion of a protocol buffer plugin that
lets you hook in to their code generation elegantly, with all the parsed metadata available. We use this in
com.twitter.elephantbird.proto.HadoopProtoCodeGenerator to generate code for each protocol buffer. The
HadoopProtoCodeGenerator expects as a first argument a yml file consisting of keys and lists of classnames. For each
protocol buffer file read in (say from
my_file.proto), it looks up the basename (
my_file) in the yml file.
If a corresponding list exists, it expects each element is a classname of a class deriving from
com.twitter.elephantbird.proto.ProtoCodeGenerator. These classes implement
a method to set the filename, and a method to set the generated code contents of the file. You can add your own by creating
such a derived class and including it in the list of classnames for the protocol buffer file key. That is, if you want
to apply the code generators in
com.twitter.elephantbird.proto.codegen.LzoProtobufBytesToPigTupleGenerator to every protobuf in the
my_file.proto, then your config file should have a section that looks like
There are examples in the examples subdirectory showing how to integrate this code generation into a build, both for generating Java files pre-jar and for generating other types of files from protocol buffer definitions post-compile (there are examples that do this to generate Pig loaders for a set of protocol buffers).
SequenceFiles and Pig
For details of how the Pig integration with SequenceFiles works, please see javadocs for the following classes:
How To Contribute
Bug fixes, features, and documentation improvements are welcome!
Please fork the eb-dev branch and send us a pull request on github.
We merge eb-dev into master every few weeks. The latest version on master is what we are actively running on Twitter's hadoop clusters daily, over hundreds of terabytes of data.
Major contributors are listed below. Lots of others have helped too, thanks to all of them! See git logs for credits.