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;;;; support for threads in the target machine
;;;; This software is part of the SBCL system. See the README file for
;;;; more information.
;;;; This software is derived from the CMU CL system, which was
;;;; written at Carnegie Mellon University and released into the
;;;; public domain. The software is in the public domain and is
;;;; provided with absolutely no warranty. See the COPYING and CREDITS
;;;; files for more information.
(in-package "SB!THREAD")
;;; CAS Lock
;;; Locks don't come any simpler -- or more lightweight than this. While
;;; this is probably a premature optimization for most users, we still
;;; need it internally for implementing condition variables outside Futex
;;; builds.
(defmacro with-cas-lock ((place) &body body)
"Runs BODY with interrupts disabled and *CURRENT-THREAD* compare-and-swapped
into PLACE instead of NIL. PLACE must be a place acceptable to
COMPARE-AND-SWAP, and must initially hold NIL.
WITH-CAS-LOCK is suitable mostly when the critical section needing protection
is very small, and cost of allocating a separate lock object would be
prohibitive. While it is the most lightweight locking constructed offered by
SBCL, it is also the least scalable if the section is heavily contested or
WITH-CAS-LOCK can be entered recursively."
(%with-cas-lock (,place) ,@body)))
(defmacro %with-cas-lock ((place) &body body &environment env)
(with-unique-names (owner self)
(multiple-value-bind (vars vals old new cas-form read-form)
(sb!ext:get-cas-expansion place env)
`(let* (,@(mapcar #'list vars vals)
(,owner (progn
(barrier (:read))
(,self *current-thread*)
(,old nil)
(,new ,self))
(unless (eq ,owner ,self)
(loop until (loop repeat 100
when (and (progn
(barrier (:read))
(not ,read-form))
(not (setf ,owner ,cas-form)))
return t
do (sb!ext:spin-loop-hint))
do (thread-yield)))
(unless (eq ,owner ,self)
(let ((,old ,self)
(,new nil))
(unless (eq ,old ,cas-form)
(bug "Failed to release CAS lock!")))))))))
;;; Conditions
(define-condition thread-error (error)
((thread :reader thread-error-thread :initarg :thread))
"Conditions of type THREAD-ERROR are signalled when thread operations fail.
The offending thread is initialized by the :THREAD initialization argument and
read by the function THREAD-ERROR-THREAD."))
(define-condition simple-thread-error (thread-error simple-condition)
(define-condition thread-deadlock (thread-error)
((cycle :initarg :cycle :reader thread-deadlock-cycle))
(lambda (condition stream)
(let* ((*print-circle* t)
(cycle (thread-deadlock-cycle condition))
(start (caar cycle)))
(format stream "Deadlock cycle detected:~%")
(loop for part = (pop cycle)
while part
do (format stream " ~S~% waited for:~% ~S~% owned by:~%"
(car part)
(cdr part)))
(format stream " ~S~%" start)))))
(fdocumentation 'thread-error-thread 'function)
"Return the offending thread that the THREAD-ERROR pertains to.")
(define-condition symbol-value-in-thread-error (cell-error thread-error)
((info :reader symbol-value-in-thread-error-info :initarg :info))
(lambda (condition stream)
(destructuring-bind (op problem)
(symbol-value-in-thread-error-info condition)
(format stream "Cannot ~(~A~) value of ~S in ~S: ~S"
(cell-error-name condition)
(thread-error-thread condition)
(ecase problem
(:unbound-in-thread "the symbol is unbound in thread.")
(:no-tls-value "the symbol has no thread-local value.")
(:thread-dead "the thread has exited.")
(:invalid-tls-value "the thread-local value is not valid."))))))
"Signalled when SYMBOL-VALUE-IN-THREAD or its SETF version fails due to eg.
the symbol not having a thread-local value, or the target thread having
exited. The offending symbol can be accessed using CELL-ERROR-NAME, and the
offending thread using THREAD-ERROR-THREAD."))
(define-condition join-thread-error (thread-error)
((problem :initarg :problem :reader join-thread-problem))
(:report (lambda (c s)
(ecase (join-thread-problem c)
(format s "Joining thread failed: thread ~A ~
did not return normally."
(thread-error-thread c)))
(format s "Joining thread timed out: thread ~A ~
did not exit in time."
(thread-error-thread c))))))
"Signalled when joining a thread fails due to abnormal exit of the thread
to be joined. The offending thread can be accessed using
(define-deprecated-function :late "" join-thread-error-thread thread-error-thread
(thread-error-thread condition))
(define-condition interrupt-thread-error (thread-error) ()
(:report (lambda (c s)
(format s "Interrupt thread failed: thread ~A has exited."
(thread-error-thread c))))
"Signalled when interrupting a thread fails because the thread has already
exited. The offending thread can be accessed using THREAD-ERROR-THREAD."))
(define-deprecated-function :late "" interrupt-thread-error-thread thread-error-thread
(thread-error-thread condition))
;;; Of the WITH-PINNED-OBJECTS in this file, not every single one is
;;; necessary because threads are only supported with the conservative
;;; gencgc and numbers on the stack (returned by GET-LISP-OBJ-ADDRESS)
;;; are treated as references.
;;; set the doc here because in early-thread FDOCUMENTATION is not
;;; available, yet
(setf (fdocumentation '*current-thread* 'variable)
"Bound in each thread to the thread itself.")
(fdocumentation 'thread-name 'function)
"Name of the thread. Can be assigned to using SETF. Thread names can be
arbitrary printable objects, and need not be unique.")
(def!method print-object ((thread thread) stream)
(print-unreadable-object (thread stream :type t :identity t)
(let* ((cookie (list thread))
(info (if (thread-alive-p thread)
(join-thread thread :default cookie))))
(state (if (eq :running info)
(let* ((thing (progn
(barrier (:read))
(thread-waiting-for thread))))
(typecase thing
(list "waiting on:" (cdr thing)
"timeout: " (car thing)))
(list info))
(list "waiting on:" thing))))
(if (eq cookie (car info))
(list :aborted)
(values (when (eq :finished state)
(*print-level* 4))
(format stream
"~@[~S ~]~:[~{~I~A~^~2I~_ ~}~_~;~A~:[ no values~; values: ~:*~{~S~^, ~}~]~]"
(thread-name thread)
(eq :finished state)
(defun print-lock (lock name owner stream)
(let ((*print-circle* t))
(print-unreadable-object (lock stream :type t :identity (not name))
(if owner
(format stream "~@[~S ~]~2I~_owner: ~S" name owner)
(format stream "~@[~S ~](free)" name)))))
(def!method print-object ((mutex mutex) stream)
(print-lock mutex (mutex-name mutex) (mutex-owner mutex) stream))
(defun thread-alive-p (thread)
"Return T if THREAD is still alive. Note that the return value is
potentially stale even before the function returns, as the thread may exit at
any time."
(thread-%alive-p thread))
;; A thread is eligible for gc iff it has finished and there are no
;; more references to it. This list is supposed to keep a reference to
;; all running threads.
(defvar *all-threads* ())
(defvar *all-threads-lock* (make-mutex :name "all threads lock"))
(defvar *default-alloc-signal* nil)
(defmacro with-all-threads-lock (&body body)
`(with-system-mutex (*all-threads-lock*)
(defun list-all-threads (&key ephemeral-too)
"Return a list of the live threads. Note that the return value is
potentially stale even before the function returns, as new threads may be
created and old ones may exit at any time."
(if ephemeral-too 'null 'thread-%ephemeral-p)
(copy-list *all-threads*))))
(declaim (inline current-thread-sap))
(defun current-thread-sap ()
(sb!vm::current-thread-offset-sap sb!vm::thread-this-slot))
(declaim (inline current-thread-os-thread))
(defun current-thread-os-thread ()
(sap-int (sb!vm::current-thread-offset-sap sb!vm::thread-os-thread-slot))
(defvar *initial-thread* nil)
(defvar *make-thread-lock*)
(defun init-initial-thread ()
(/show0 "Entering INIT-INITIAL-THREAD")
(setf sb!impl::*exit-lock* (make-mutex :name "Exit Lock")
*make-thread-lock* (make-mutex :name "Make-Thread Lock"))
(let ((initial-thread (%make-thread :name "main thread"
:%alive-p t
:os-thread (current-thread-os-thread))))
(setq *initial-thread* initial-thread
*current-thread* initial-thread)
(grab-mutex (thread-result-lock *initial-thread*))
;; Either *all-threads* is empty or it contains exactly one thread
;; in case we are in reinit since saving core with multiple
;; threads doesn't work.
(setq *all-threads* (list initial-thread))))
(defun main-thread ()
"Returns the main thread of the process."
(defun main-thread-p (&optional (thread *current-thread*))
"True if THREAD, defaulting to current thread, is the main thread of the process."
(eq thread *initial-thread*))
(defmacro return-from-thread (values-form &key allow-exit)
"Unwinds from and terminates the current thread, with values from
VALUES-FORM as the results visible to JOIN-THREAD.
If current thread is the main thread of the process (see
MAIN-THREAD-P), signals an error unless ALLOW-EXIT is true, as
terminating the main thread would terminate the entire process. If
ALLOW-EXIT is true, returning from the main thread is equivalent to
calling SB-EXT:EXIT with :CODE 0 and :ABORT NIL.
`(%return-from-thread (multiple-value-list ,values-form) ,allow-exit))
(defun %return-from-thread (values allow-exit)
(let ((self *current-thread*))
(cond ((main-thread-p self)
(unless allow-exit
(error 'simple-thread-error
:format-control "~@<Tried to return ~S as values from main thread, ~
but exit was not allowed.~:@>"
:format-arguments (list values)
:thread self))
(sb!ext:exit :code 0))
(throw '%return-from-thread (values-list values))))))
(defun abort-thread (&key allow-exit)
"Unwinds from and terminates the current thread abnormally, causing
JOIN-THREAD on current thread to signal an error unless a
default-value is provided.
If current thread is the main thread of the process (see
MAIN-THREAD-P), signals an error unless ALLOW-EXIT is true, as
terminating the main thread would terminate the entire process. If
ALLOW-EXIT is true, aborting the main thread is equivalent to calling
SB-EXT:EXIT code 1 and :ABORT NIL.
Invoking the initial ABORT restart estabilished by MAKE-THREAD is
equivalent to calling ABORT-THREAD in other than main threads.
However, whereas ABORT restart may be rebound, ABORT-THREAD always
unwinds the entire thread. (Behaviour of the initial ABORT restart for
main thread depends on the :TOPLEVEL argument to
(let ((self *current-thread*))
(cond ((main-thread-p self)
(unless allow-exit
(error 'simple-thread-error
:format-control "~@<Tried to abort initial thread, but ~
exit was not allowed.~:@>"))
(sb!ext:exit :code 1))
;; We /could/ use TOPLEVEL-CATCHER or %END-OF-THE-WORLD as well, but
;; this seems tidier. Those to are a bit too overloaded already.
(throw '%abort-thread t)))))
;;;; Aliens, low level stuff
(define-alien-routine "kill_safely"
(os-thread #!-alpha (unsigned!vm:n-word-bits) #!+alpha unsigned-int)
(signal int))
;; FIXME it would be good to define what a thread id is or isn't
;; (our current assumption is that it's a fixnum). It so happens
;; that on Linux it's a pid, but it might not be on posix thread
;; implementations.
(define-alien-routine ("create_thread" %create-thread)
(unsigned!vm:n-word-bits) (lisp-fun-address (unsigned!vm:n-word-bits)))
(declaim (inline %block-deferrable-signals))
(define-alien-routine ("block_deferrable_signals" %block-deferrable-signals)
(where (unsigned!vm:n-word-bits))
(old (unsigned!vm:n-word-bits)))
(defun block-deferrable-signals ()
(%block-deferrable-signals 0 0))
(declaim (inline futex-wait %futex-wait futex-wake))
(define-alien-routine ("futex_wait" %futex-wait) int
(word unsigned) (old-value unsigned)
(to-sec long) (to-usec unsigned-long))
(defun futex-wait (word old to-sec to-usec)
(%futex-wait word old to-sec to-usec)))
(define-alien-routine "futex_wake"
int (word unsigned) (n unsigned-long))))
;;; used by debug-int.lisp to access interrupt contexts
#!-(or sb-fluid sb-thread) (declaim (inline sb!vm::current-thread-offset-sap))
(defun sb!vm::current-thread-offset-sap (n)
(declare (type (unsigned-byte 27) n))
(sap-ref-sap (alien-sap (extern-alien "all_threads" (* t)))
(* n sb!vm:n-word-bytes)))
(defun sb!vm::current-thread-offset-sap (n)
(declare (type (unsigned-byte 27) n))
(sb!vm::current-thread-offset-sap n))
(defmacro with-deadlocks ((thread lock &optional (timeout nil timeoutp)) &body forms)
(with-unique-names (n-thread n-lock new n-timeout)
`(let* ((,n-thread ,thread)
(,n-lock ,lock)
(,n-timeout ,(when timeoutp
`(or ,timeout
(when sb!impl::*deadline*
(,new (if ,n-timeout
;; Using CONS tells the rest of the system there's a
;; timeout in place, so it isn't considered a deadlock.
(cons ,n-timeout ,n-lock)
(declare (dynamic-extent ,new))
;; in places where interrupts should already be disabled.
(setf (thread-waiting-for ,n-thread) ,new)
(barrier (:write))
;; Interrupt handlers and GC save and restore any
;; previous wait marks using WITHOUT-DEADLOCKS below.
(setf (thread-waiting-for ,n-thread) nil)
(barrier (:write))))))
;;;; Mutexes
(setf (fdocumentation 'make-mutex 'function)
"Create a mutex."
(fdocumentation 'mutex-name 'function)
"The name of the mutex. Setfable.")
#!+(and sb-thread sb-futex)
(define-structure-slot-addressor mutex-state-address
:structure mutex
:slot state)
;; Important: current code assumes these are fixnums or other
;; lisp objects that don't need pinning.
(defconstant +lock-free+ 0)
(defconstant +lock-taken+ 1)
(defconstant +lock-contested+ 2))
(defun mutex-owner (mutex)
"Current owner of the mutex, NIL if the mutex is free. Naturally,
this is racy by design (another thread may acquire the mutex after
this function returns), it is intended for informative purposes. For
testing whether the current thread is holding a mutex see
;; Make sure to get the current value.
(sb!ext:compare-and-swap (mutex-%owner mutex) nil nil))
(sb!ext:defglobal **deadlock-lock** nil)
;;; Signals an error if owner of LOCK is waiting on a lock whose release
;;; depends on the current thread. Does not detect deadlocks from sempahores.
(defun check-deadlock ()
(let* ((self *current-thread*)
(origin (progn
(barrier (:read))
(thread-waiting-for self))))
(labels ((detect-deadlock (lock)
(let ((other-thread (mutex-%owner lock)))
(cond ((not other-thread))
((eq self other-thread)
(let ((chain
(with-cas-lock ((symbol-value '**deadlock-lock**))
(prog1 (deadlock-chain self origin)
;; We're now committed to signaling the
;; error and breaking the deadlock, so
;; mark us as no longer waiting on the
;; lock. This ensures that a single
;; deadlock is reported in only one
;; thread, and that we don't look like
;; we're waiting on the lock when print
;; stuff -- because that may lead to
;; further deadlock checking, in turn
;; possibly leading to a bogus vicious
;; metacycle on PRINT-OBJECT.
(setf (thread-waiting-for self) nil)))))
(error 'thread-deadlock
:thread *current-thread*
:cycle chain)))
(let ((other-lock (progn
(barrier (:read))
(thread-waiting-for other-thread))))
;; If the thread is waiting with a timeout OTHER-LOCK
;; is a cons, and we don't consider it a deadlock -- since
;; it will time out on its own sooner or later.
(when (mutex-p other-lock)
(detect-deadlock other-lock)))))))
(deadlock-chain (thread lock)
(let* ((other-thread (mutex-owner lock))
(other-lock (when other-thread
(barrier (:read))
(thread-waiting-for other-thread))))
(cond ((not other-thread)
;; The deadlock is gone -- maybe someone unwound
;; from the same deadlock already?
(return-from check-deadlock nil))
((consp other-lock)
;; There's a timeout -- no deadlock.
(return-from check-deadlock nil))
((waitqueue-p other-lock)
;; Not a lock.
(return-from check-deadlock nil))
((eq self other-thread)
;; Done
(list (list thread lock)))
(if other-lock
(cons (cons thread lock)
(deadlock-chain other-thread other-lock))
;; Again, the deadlock is gone?
(return-from check-deadlock nil)))))))
;; Timeout means there is no deadlock
(when (mutex-p origin)
(detect-deadlock origin)
(defun %try-mutex (mutex new-owner)
(declare (type mutex mutex) (optimize (speed 3)))
(barrier (:read))
(let ((old (mutex-%owner mutex)))
(when (eq new-owner old)
(error "Recursive lock attempt ~S." mutex))
(when old
(error "Strange deadlock on ~S in an unithreaded build?" mutex))
#!-(and sb-thread sb-futex)
(and (not old)
;; Don't even bother to try to CAS if it looks bad.
(not (sb!ext:compare-and-swap (mutex-%owner mutex) nil new-owner)))
#!+(and sb-thread sb-futex)
;; From the Mutex 2 algorithm from "Futexes are Tricky" by Ulrich Drepper.
(when (eql +lock-free+ (sb!ext:compare-and-swap (mutex-state mutex)
(let ((prev (sb!ext:compare-and-swap (mutex-%owner mutex) nil new-owner)))
(when prev
(bug "Old owner in free mutex: ~S" prev))
(defun %%wait-for-mutex (mutex new-owner to-sec to-usec stop-sec stop-usec)
(declare (type mutex mutex) (optimize (speed 3)))
(declare (ignore to-sec to-usec))
(flet ((cas ()
(loop repeat 100
when (and (progn
(barrier (:read))
(not (mutex-%owner mutex)))
(not (sb!ext:compare-and-swap (mutex-%owner mutex) nil
do (return-from cas t)
;; Check for pending interrupts.
(with-interrupts nil)))
(declare (dynamic-extent #'cas))
(sb!impl::%%wait-for #'cas stop-sec stop-usec))
;; This is a fairly direct translation of the Mutex 2 algorithm from
;; "Futexes are Tricky" by Ulrich Drepper.
(flet ((maybe (old)
(when (eql +lock-free+ old)
(let ((prev (sb!ext:compare-and-swap (mutex-%owner mutex)
nil new-owner)))
(when prev
(bug "Old owner in free mutex: ~S" prev))
(return-from %%wait-for-mutex t)))))
(prog ((old (sb!ext:compare-and-swap (mutex-state mutex)
+lock-free+ +lock-taken+)))
;; Got it right off the bat?
(maybe old)
;; Mark it as contested, and sleep. (Exception: it was just released.)
(when (or (eql +lock-contested+ old)
(not (eql +lock-free+
(mutex-state mutex) +lock-taken+ +lock-contested+))))
(when (eql 1 (with-pinned-objects (mutex)
(futex-wait (mutex-state-address mutex)
(get-lisp-obj-address +lock-contested+)
(or to-sec -1)
(or to-usec 0))))
;; -1 = EWOULDBLOCK, possibly spurious wakeup
;; 0 = normal wakeup
;; 1 = ETIMEDOUT ***DONE***
;; 2 = EINTR, a spurious wakeup
(return-from %%wait-for-mutex nil)))
;; Try to get it, still marking it as contested.
(sb!ext:compare-and-swap (mutex-state mutex) +lock-free+ +lock-contested+))
;; Update timeout if necessary.
(when stop-sec
(setf (values to-sec to-usec)
(sb!impl::relative-decoded-times stop-sec stop-usec)))
;; Spin.
(go :retry))))
(defun %wait-for-mutex (mutex self timeout to-sec to-usec stop-sec stop-usec deadlinep)
(with-deadlocks (self mutex timeout)
(with-interrupts (check-deadlock))
(return-from %wait-for-mutex
(or (%%wait-for-mutex mutex self to-sec to-usec stop-sec stop-usec)
(when deadlinep
;; FIXME: substract elapsed time from timeout...
(setf (values to-sec to-usec stop-sec stop-usec deadlinep)
(decode-timeout timeout))
(go :again)))))))
(defun get-mutex (mutex &optional new-owner (waitp t) (timeout nil))
"Deprecated in favor of GRAB-MUTEX."
(declare (ignorable waitp timeout))
(let ((new-owner (or new-owner *current-thread*)))
(or (%try-mutex mutex new-owner)
(when waitp
(multiple-value-call #'%wait-for-mutex
mutex new-owner timeout (decode-timeout timeout))))))
(defun grab-mutex (mutex &key (waitp t) (timeout nil))
"Acquire MUTEX for the current thread. If WAITP is true (the default) and
the mutex is not immediately available, sleep until it is available.
If TIMEOUT is given, it specifies a relative timeout, in seconds, on how long
GRAB-MUTEX should try to acquire the lock in the contested case.
If GRAB-MUTEX returns T, the lock acquisition was successful. In case of WAITP
being NIL, or an expired TIMEOUT, GRAB-MUTEX may also return NIL which denotes
that GRAB-MUTEX did -not- acquire the lock.
- GRAB-MUTEX is not interrupt safe. The correct way to call it is:
WITHOUT-INTERRUPTS is necessary to avoid an interrupt unwinding the call
while the mutex is in an inconsistent state while ALLOW-WITH-INTERRUPTS
allows the call to be interrupted from sleep.
- (GRAB-MUTEX <mutex> :timeout 0.0) differs from
(GRAB-MUTEX <mutex> :waitp nil) in that the former may signal a
DEADLINE-TIMEOUT if the global deadline was due already on entering
The exact interplay of GRAB-MUTEX and deadlines are reserved to change in
future versions.
- It is recommended that you use WITH-MUTEX instead of calling GRAB-MUTEX
(declare (ignorable waitp timeout))
(let ((self *current-thread*))
(or (%try-mutex mutex self)
(when waitp
(multiple-value-call #'%wait-for-mutex
mutex self timeout (decode-timeout timeout))))))
(defun release-mutex (mutex &key (if-not-owner :punt))
"Release MUTEX by setting it to NIL. Wake up threads waiting for
this mutex.
RELEASE-MUTEX is not interrupt safe: interrupts should be disabled
around calls to it.
If the current thread is not the owner of the mutex then it silently
returns without doing anything (if IF-NOT-OWNER is :PUNT), signals a
WARNING (if IF-NOT-OWNER is :WARN), or releases the mutex anyway (if
(declare (type mutex mutex))
;; Order matters: set owner to NIL before releasing state.
(let* ((self *current-thread*)
(old-owner (sb!ext:compare-and-swap (mutex-%owner mutex) self nil)))
(unless (eq self old-owner)
(ecase if-not-owner
((:punt) (return-from release-mutex nil))
(warn "Releasing ~S, owned by another thread: ~S" mutex old-owner))
(setf (mutex-%owner mutex) nil)
;; FIXME: Is a :memory barrier too strong here? Can we use a :write
;; barrier instead?
(barrier (:memory)))
#!+(and sb-thread sb-futex)
(when old-owner
;; FIXME: once ATOMIC-INCF supports struct slots with word sized
;; unsigned-byte type this can be used:
;; (let ((old (sb!ext:atomic-incf (mutex-state mutex) -1)))
;; (unless (eql old +lock-free+)
;; (setf (mutex-state mutex) +lock-free+)
;; (with-pinned-objects (mutex)
;; (futex-wake (mutex-state-address mutex) 1))))
(let ((old (sb!ext:compare-and-swap (mutex-state mutex)
+lock-taken+ +lock-free+)))
(when (eql old +lock-contested+)
(sb!ext:compare-and-swap (mutex-state mutex)
+lock-contested+ +lock-free+)
(with-pinned-objects (mutex)
(futex-wake (mutex-state-address mutex) 1))))
;;;; Waitqueues/condition variables
#!+(or (not sb-thread) sb-futex)
(defstruct (waitqueue (:constructor %make-waitqueue))
"Waitqueue type."
(name nil :type (or null thread-name))
#!+(and sb-thread sb-futex)
(token nil))
#!+(and sb-thread (not sb-futex))
(defstruct (waitqueue (:constructor %make-waitqueue))
"Waitqueue type."
(name nil :type (or null thread-name))
;; For WITH-CAS-LOCK: because CONDITION-WAIT must be able to call
;; %WAITQUEUE-WAKEUP without re-aquiring the mutex, we need a separate
;; lock. In most cases this should be uncontested thanks to the mutex --
;; the only case where that might not be true is when CONDITION-WAIT
;; unwinds and %WAITQUEUE-DROP is called.
(defun %waitqueue-enqueue (thread queue)
(setf (thread-waiting-for thread) queue)
(let ((head (waitqueue-%head queue))
(tail (waitqueue-%tail queue))
(new (list thread)))
(unless head
(setf (waitqueue-%head queue) new))
(when tail
(setf (cdr tail) new))
(setf (waitqueue-%tail queue) new)
(defun %waitqueue-drop (thread queue)
(setf (thread-waiting-for thread) nil)
(let ((head (waitqueue-%head queue)))
(do ((list head (cdr list))
(prev nil list))
((or (null list)
(eq (car list) thread))
(when list
(let ((rest (cdr list)))
(cond (prev
(setf (cdr prev) rest))
(setf (waitqueue-%head queue) rest
prev rest)))
(unless rest
(setf (waitqueue-%tail queue) prev)))))))
(defun %waitqueue-wakeup (queue n)
(declare (fixnum n))
(loop while (plusp n)
for next = (let ((head (waitqueue-%head queue))
(tail (waitqueue-%tail queue)))
(when head
(if (eq head tail)
(setf (waitqueue-%head queue) nil
(waitqueue-%tail queue) nil)
(setf (waitqueue-%head queue) (cdr head)))
(car head)))
while next
do (when (eq queue (sb!ext:compare-and-swap
(thread-waiting-for next) queue nil))
(decf n)))
(def!method print-object ((waitqueue waitqueue) stream)
(print-unreadable-object (waitqueue stream :type t :identity t)
(format stream "~@[~A~]" (waitqueue-name waitqueue))))
(defun make-waitqueue (&key name)
"Create a waitqueue."
(%make-waitqueue :name name))
(setf (fdocumentation 'waitqueue-name 'function)
"The name of the waitqueue. Setfable.")
#!+(and sb-thread sb-futex)
(define-structure-slot-addressor waitqueue-token-address
:structure waitqueue
:slot token)
(defun condition-wait (queue mutex &key timeout)
"Atomically release MUTEX and start waiting on QUEUE for till another thread
wakes us up using either CONDITION-NOTIFY or CONDITION-BROADCAST on that
queue, at which point we re-acquire MUTEX and return T.
Spurious wakeups are possible.
If TIMEOUT is given, it is the maximum number of seconds to wait, including
both waiting for the wakeup and the time to re-acquire MUTEX. Unless both
wakeup and re-acquisition do not occur within the given time, returns NIL
without re-acquiring the mutex.
If CONDITION-WAIT unwinds, it may do so with or without the mutex being held.
Important: Since CONDITION-WAIT may return without CONDITION-NOTIFY having
occurred the correct way to write code that uses CONDITION-WAIT is to loop
around the call, checking the the associated data:
(defvar *data* nil)
(defvar *queue* (make-waitqueue))
(defvar *lock* (make-mutex))
;; Consumer
(defun pop-data (&optional timeout)
(with-mutex (*lock*)
(loop until *data*
do (or (condition-wait *queue* *lock* :timeout timeout)
;; Lock not held, must unwind without touching *data*.
(return-from pop-data nil)))
(pop *data*)))
;; Producer
(defun push-data (data)
(with-mutex (*lock*)
(push data *data*)
(condition-notify *queue*)))
(declare (ignore queue))
(assert mutex)
(sb!ext:wait-for nil :timeout timeout) ; Yeah...
(let ((me *current-thread*))
(barrier (:read))
(assert (eq me (mutex-%owner mutex)))
(multiple-value-bind (to-sec to-usec stop-sec stop-usec deadlinep)
(decode-timeout timeout)
(let ((status :interrupted))
;; Need to disable interrupts so that we don't miss grabbing the
;; mutex on our way out.
(%with-cas-lock ((waitqueue-%owner queue))
(%waitqueue-enqueue me queue))
(release-mutex mutex)
(setf status
(or (flet ((wakeup ()
(barrier (:read))
(unless (eq queue (thread-waiting-for me))
(declare (dynamic-extent #'wakeup))
(sb!impl::%%wait-for #'wakeup stop-sec stop-usec)))
(with-pinned-objects (queue me)
(setf (waitqueue-token queue) me)
(release-mutex mutex)
;; Now we go to sleep using futex-wait. If anyone else
;; manages to grab MUTEX and call CONDITION-NOTIFY during
;; this comment, it will change the token, and so futex-wait
;; returns immediately instead of sleeping. Ergo, no lost
;; wakeup. We may get spurious wakeups, but that's ok.
(setf status
(case (allow-with-interrupts
(futex-wait (waitqueue-token-address queue)
(get-lisp-obj-address me)
;; our way of saying "no
;; timeout":
(or to-sec -1)
(or to-usec 0)))
;; -1 = EWOULDBLOCK, possibly spurious wakeup
;; 0 = normal wakeup
;; 2 = EINTR, a spurious wakeup
(%with-cas-lock ((waitqueue-%owner queue))
(if (eq queue (thread-waiting-for me))
(%waitqueue-drop me queue)
(unless (eq :ok status)
;; CONDITION-NOTIFY thinks we've been woken up, but really
;; we're unwinding. Wake someone else up.
(%waitqueue-wakeup queue 1))))
;; Update timeout for mutex re-aquisition.
(when (and (eq :ok status) to-sec)
(setf (values to-sec to-usec)
(sb!impl::relative-decoded-times stop-sec stop-usec)))
;; If we ran into deadline, try to get the mutex before
;; signaling. If we don't unwind it will look like a normal
;; return from user perspective.
(when (and (eq :timeout status) deadlinep)
(let ((got-it (%try-mutex mutex me)))
(cond (got-it
(return-from condition-wait t))
;; The deadline may have changed.
(setf (values to-sec to-usec stop-sec stop-usec deadlinep)
(decode-timeout timeout))
(setf status :ok))))))
;; Re-acquire the mutex for normal return.
(when (eq :ok status)
(unless (or (%try-mutex mutex me)
(%wait-for-mutex mutex me timeout
to-sec to-usec
stop-sec stop-usec deadlinep)))
(setf status :timeout)))))
(or (eq :ok status)
(unless (eq :timeout status)
;; The only case we return normally without re-acquiring the
;; mutex is when there is a :TIMEOUT that runs out.
(bug "CONDITION-WAIT: invalid status on normal return: ~S" status)))))))
(defun condition-notify (queue &optional (n 1))
"Notify N threads waiting on QUEUE.
IMPORTANT: The same mutex that is used in the corresponding CONDITION-WAIT
must be held by this thread during this call."
(declare (ignore queue n))
(error "Not supported in unithread builds.")
(declare (type (and fixnum (integer 1)) n))
(with-cas-lock ((waitqueue-%owner queue))
(%waitqueue-wakeup queue n))
;; No problem if >1 thread notifies during the comment in condition-wait:
;; as long as the value in queue-data isn't the waiting thread's id, it
;; matters not what it is -- using the queue object itself is handy.
;; XXX we should do something to ensure that the result of this setf
;; is visible to all CPUs.
;; ^-- surely futex_wake() involves a memory barrier?
(setf (waitqueue-token queue) queue)
(with-pinned-objects (queue)
(futex-wake (waitqueue-token-address queue) n)))))
(defun condition-broadcast (queue)
"Notify all threads waiting on QUEUE.
IMPORTANT: The same mutex that is used in the corresponding CONDITION-WAIT
must be held by this thread during this call."
(condition-notify queue
;; On a 64-bit platform truncating M-P-F to an int
;; results in -1, which wakes up only one thread.
(ldb (byte 29 0)
;;;; Semaphores
(defstruct (semaphore (:constructor %make-semaphore (name %count)))
"Semaphore type. The fact that a SEMAPHORE is a STRUCTURE-OBJECT
should be considered an implementation detail, and may change in the
(name nil :type (or null thread-name))
(%count 0 :type (integer 0))
(waitcount 0 :type sb!vm:word)
(mutex (make-mutex))
(queue (make-waitqueue)))
(setf (fdocumentation 'semaphore-name 'function)
"The name of the semaphore INSTANCE. Setfable.")
(defstruct (semaphore-notification (:constructor make-semaphore-notification ())
(:copier nil))
"Semaphore notification object. Can be passed to WAIT-ON-SEMAPHORE and
TRY-SEMAPHORE as the :NOTIFICATION argument. Consequences are undefined if
multiple threads are using the same notification object in parallel."
(%status nil :type boolean))
(setf (fdocumentation 'make-semaphore-notification 'function)
is initially NIL.")
(declaim (inline semaphore-notification-status))
(defun semaphore-notification-status (semaphore-notification)
SEMAPHORE-NOTICATION has succeeded since the notification object was created
or cleared."
(barrier (:read))
(semaphore-notification-%status semaphore-notification))
(declaim (inline clear-semaphore-notification))
(defun clear-semaphore-notification (semaphore-notification)
"Resets the SEMAPHORE-NOTIFICATION object for use with another call to
(barrier (:write)
(setf (semaphore-notification-%status semaphore-notification) nil)))
(declaim (inline semaphore-count))
(defun semaphore-count (instance)
"Returns the current count of the semaphore INSTANCE."
(barrier (:read))
(semaphore-%count instance))
(defun make-semaphore (&key name (count 0))
"Create a semaphore with the supplied COUNT and NAME."
(%make-semaphore name count))
(defun wait-on-semaphore (semaphore &key timeout notification)
"Decrement the count of SEMAPHORE if the count would not be negative. Else
blocks until the semaphore can be decremented. Returns T on success.
If TIMEOUT is given, it is the maximum number of seconds to wait. If the count
cannot be decremented in that time, returns NIL without decrementing the
If NOTIFICATION is given, it must be a SEMAPHORE-NOTIFICATION object whose
decrements the count, the status is set to T."
(when (and notification (semaphore-notification-status notification))
(with-simple-restart (continue "Clear notification status and continue.")
(error "~@<Semaphore notification object status not cleared on entry to ~S on ~S.~:@>"
'wait-on-semaphore semaphore))
(clear-semaphore-notification notification))
;; A more direct implementation based directly on futexes should be
;; possible.
;; We need to disable interrupts so that we don't forget to
;; decrement the waitcount (which would happen if an asynch
;; interrupt should catch us on our way out from the loop.)
;; FIXME: No timeout on initial mutex acquisition.
(with-system-mutex ((semaphore-mutex semaphore) :allow-with-interrupts t)
;; Quick check: is it positive? If not, enter the wait loop.
(let ((count (semaphore-%count semaphore)))
(cond ((plusp count)
(setf (semaphore-%count semaphore) (1- count))
(when notification
(setf (semaphore-notification-%status notification) t)))
;; Need to use ATOMIC-INCF despite the lock, because on our
;; way out from here we might not be locked anymore -- so
;; another thread might be tweaking this in parallel using
;; ATOMIC-DECF. No danger over overflow, since there it
;; at most one increment per thread waiting on the semaphore.
(sb!ext:atomic-incf (semaphore-waitcount semaphore))
(loop until (plusp (setf count (semaphore-%count semaphore)))
do (or (condition-wait (semaphore-queue semaphore)
(semaphore-mutex semaphore)
:timeout timeout)
(return-from wait-on-semaphore nil)))
(setf (semaphore-%count semaphore) (1- count))
(when notification
(setf (semaphore-notification-%status notification) t)))
;; Need to use ATOMIC-DECF as we may unwind without the lock
;; being held!
(sb!ext:atomic-decf (semaphore-waitcount semaphore)))))))
(defun try-semaphore (semaphore &optional (n 1) notification)
"Try to decrement the count of SEMAPHORE by N. If the count were to
become negative, punt and return NIL, otherwise return true.
If NOTIFICATION is given it must be a semaphore notification object
with SEMAPHORE-NOTIFICATION-STATUS of NIL. If the count is decremented,
the status is set to T."
(declare (type (integer 1) n))
(when (and notification (semaphore-notification-status notification))
(with-simple-restart (continue "Clear notification status and continue.")
(error "~@<Semaphore notification object status not cleared on entry to ~S on ~S.~:@>"
'try-semaphore semaphore))
(clear-semaphore-notification notification))
(with-system-mutex ((semaphore-mutex semaphore) :allow-with-interrupts t)
(let ((new-count (- (semaphore-%count semaphore) n)))
(when (not (minusp new-count))
(setf (semaphore-%count semaphore) new-count)
(when notification
(setf (semaphore-notification-%status notification) t))
;; FIXME: We don't actually document this -- should we just
;; return T, or document new count as the return?
(defun signal-semaphore (semaphore &optional (n 1))
"Increment the count of SEMAPHORE by N. If there are threads waiting
on this semaphore, then N of them is woken up."
(declare (type (integer 1) n))
;; Need to disable interrupts so that we don't lose a wakeup after
;; we have incremented the count.
(with-system-mutex ((semaphore-mutex semaphore) :allow-with-interrupts t)
(let ((waitcount (semaphore-waitcount semaphore))
(count (incf (semaphore-%count semaphore) n)))
(when (plusp waitcount)
(condition-notify (semaphore-queue semaphore) (min waitcount count))))))
;;;; Job control, independent listeners
(defstruct session
(lock (make-mutex :name "session lock"))
(threads nil)
(interactive-threads nil)
(interactive-threads-queue (make-waitqueue)))
(defvar *session* nil)
;;; The debugger itself tries to acquire the session lock, don't let
;;; funny situations (like getting a sigint while holding the session
;;; lock) occur. At the same time we need to allow interrupts while
;;; *waiting* for the session lock for things like GET-FOREGROUND to
;;; be interruptible.
;;; Take care: we sometimes need to obtain the session lock while
;;; holding on to *ALL-THREADS-LOCK*, so we must _never_ obtain it
;;; _after_ getting a session lock! (Deadlock risk.)
;;; FIXME: It would be good to have ordered locks to ensure invariants
;;; like the above.
(defmacro with-session-lock ((session) &body body)
`(with-system-mutex ((session-lock ,session) :allow-with-interrupts t)
(defun new-session ()
(make-session :threads (list *current-thread*)
:interactive-threads (list *current-thread*)))
(defun init-job-control ()
(/show0 "Entering INIT-JOB-CONTROL")
(setf *session* (new-session))
(/show0 "Exiting INIT-JOB-CONTROL"))
(defun %delete-thread-from-session (thread session)
(with-session-lock (session)
(setf (session-threads session)
(delete thread (session-threads session))
(session-interactive-threads session)
(delete thread (session-interactive-threads session)))))
(defun call-with-new-session (fn)
(%delete-thread-from-session *current-thread* *session*)
(let ((*session* (new-session)))
(funcall fn)))
(defmacro with-new-session (args &body forms)
(declare (ignore args)) ;for extensibility
(sb!int:with-unique-names (fb-name)
`(labels ((,fb-name () ,@forms))
(call-with-new-session (function ,fb-name)))))
;;; Remove thread from its session, if it has one.
(defun handle-thread-exit (thread)
(when *exit-in-process*
;; Lisp-side cleanup
(setf (thread-%alive-p thread) nil)
(setf (thread-os-thread thread) nil)
(setq *all-threads* (delete thread *all-threads*))
(when *session*
(%delete-thread-from-session thread *session*))))
(defun %exit-other-threads ()
;; Grabbing this lock prevents new threads from
;; being spawned, and guarantees that *ALL-THREADS*
;; is up to date.
(with-deadline (:seconds nil :override t)
(grab-mutex *make-thread-lock*)
(let ((timeout sb!ext:*exit-timeout*)
(code *exit-in-process*)
(current *current-thread*)
(joinees nil)
(main nil))
(dolist (thread (list-all-threads))
(cond ((eq thread current))
((main-thread-p thread)
(setf main thread))
(terminate-thread thread)
(push thread joinees))
(interrupt-thread-error ())))))
(with-progressive-timeout (time-left :seconds timeout)
(dolist (thread joinees)
(join-thread thread :default t :timeout (time-left)))
;; Need to defer till others have joined, because when main
;; thread exits, we're gone. Can't use TERMINATE-THREAD -- would
;; get the exit code wrong.
(when main
(lambda ()
(setf *exit-in-process* (list code))
(throw 'sb!impl::%end-of-the-world t)))
(interrupt-thread-error ()))
;; Normally this never finishes, as once the main-thread unwinds we
;; exit with the right code, but if times out before that happens,
;; we will exit after returning -- or rathe racing the main thread
;; to calling OS-EXIT.
(join-thread main :default t :timeout (time-left)))))))
(defun terminate-session ()
"Kill all threads in session except for this one. Does nothing if current
thread is not the foreground thread."
;; FIXME: threads created in other threads may escape termination
(let ((to-kill
(with-session-lock (*session*)
(and (eq *current-thread*
(car (session-interactive-threads *session*)))
(session-threads *session*)))))
;; do the kill after dropping the mutex; unwind forms in dying
;; threads may want to do session things
(dolist (thread to-kill)
(unless (eq thread *current-thread*)
;; terminate the thread but don't be surprised if it has
;; exited in the meantime
(handler-case (terminate-thread thread)
(interrupt-thread-error ()))))))
;;; called from top of invoke-debugger
(defun debugger-wait-until-foreground-thread (stream)
"Returns T if thread had been running in background, NIL if it was
(declare (ignore stream))
#!-sb-thread nil
(with-session-lock (*session*)
(not (member *current-thread*
(session-interactive-threads *session*))))
(defun get-foreground ()
#!-sb-thread t
(let ((was-foreground t))
(/show0 "Looping in GET-FOREGROUND")
(with-session-lock (*session*)
(let ((int-t (session-interactive-threads *session*)))
(when (eq (car int-t) *current-thread*)
(unless was-foreground
(format *query-io* "Resuming thread ~A~%" *current-thread*))
(return-from get-foreground t))
(setf was-foreground nil)
(unless (member *current-thread* int-t)
(setf (cdr (last int-t))
(list *current-thread*)))
(session-interactive-threads-queue *session*)
(session-lock *session*)))))))
(defun release-foreground (&optional next)
"Background this thread. If NEXT is supplied, arrange for it to
have the foreground next."
#!-sb-thread (declare (ignore next))
#!-sb-thread nil
(with-session-lock (*session*)
(when (rest (session-interactive-threads *session*))
(setf (session-interactive-threads *session*)
(delete *current-thread* (session-interactive-threads *session*))))
(when next
(setf (session-interactive-threads *session*)
(list* next
(delete next (session-interactive-threads *session*)))))
(condition-broadcast (session-interactive-threads-queue *session*))))
(defun foreground-thread ()
(car (session-interactive-threads *session*)))
(defun make-listener-thread (tty-name)
(assert (probe-file tty-name))
(let* ((in (sb!unix:unix-open (namestring tty-name) sb!unix:o_rdwr #o666))
(out (sb!unix:unix-dup in))
(err (sb!unix:unix-dup in)))
(labels ((thread-repl ()
(let* ((sb!impl::*stdin*
(make-fd-stream in :input t :buffering :line
:dual-channel-p t))
(make-fd-stream out :output t :buffering :line
:dual-channel-p t))
(make-fd-stream err :output t :buffering :line
:dual-channel-p t))
(make-fd-stream err :input t :output t
:buffering :line
:dual-channel-p t))
(sb!impl::*descriptor-handlers* nil))
(with-new-session ()
(sb!impl::toplevel-repl nil)
(make-thread #'thread-repl))))
;;;; The beef
(defun make-thread (function &key name arguments ephemeral)
"Create a new thread of NAME that runs FUNCTION with the argument
list designator provided (defaults to no argument). Thread exits when
the function returns. The return values of FUNCTION are kept around
and can be retrieved by JOIN-THREAD.
Invoking the initial ABORT restart estabilished by MAKE-THREAD
terminates the thread.
#!-sb-thread (declare (ignore function name arguments))
#!-sb-thread (error "Not supported in unithread builds.")
#!+sb-thread (assert (or (atom arguments)
(null (cdr (last arguments))))
"Argument passed to ~S, ~S, is an improper list."
'make-thread arguments)
(with-mutex (*make-thread-lock*)
(let* ((thread (%make-thread :name name :%ephemeral-p ephemeral))
(setup-sem (make-semaphore :name "Thread setup semaphore"))
(real-function (coerce function 'function))
(arguments (if (listp arguments)
(list arguments)))
(named-lambda initial-thread-function ()
;; In time we'll move some of the binding presently done in C
;; here too.
;; KLUDGE: Here we have a magic list of variables that are
;; not thread-safe for one reason or another. As people
;; report problems with the thread safety of certain
;; variables, (e.g. "*print-case* in multiple threads
;; broken", sbcl-devel 2006-07-14), we add a few more
;; bindings here. The Right Thing is probably some variant
;; of Allegro's *cl-default-special-bindings*, as that is at
;; least accessible to users to secure their own libraries.
;; --njf, 2006-07-15
;; As it is, this lambda must not cons until we are ready
;; to run GC. Be very careful.
(let* ((*current-thread* thread)
(*restart-clusters* nil)
(*handler-clusters* (sb!kernel::initial-handler-clusters))
(*condition-restarts* nil)
(sb!impl::*deadline* nil)
(sb!impl::*deadline-seconds* nil)
(sb!impl::*step-out* nil)
;; internal printer variables
(sb!impl::*previous-case* nil)
(sb!impl::*previous-readtable-case* nil)
(sb!impl::*internal-symbol-output-fun* nil)
(sb!impl::*descriptor-handlers* nil)) ; serve-event
;; Binding from C
(setf sb!vm:*alloc-signal* *default-alloc-signal*)
(setf (thread-os-thread thread) (current-thread-os-thread))
(with-mutex ((thread-result-lock thread))
(push thread *all-threads*))
(with-session-lock (*session*)
(push thread (session-threads *session*)))
(setf (thread-%alive-p thread) t)
(signal-semaphore setup-sem)
;; can't use handling-end-of-the-world, because that flushes
;; output streams, and we don't necessarily have any (or we
;; could be sharing them)
(catch 'sb!impl::toplevel-catcher
(catch 'sb!impl::%end-of-the-world
(catch '%abort-thread
(format nil
"~~@<Terminate this thread (~A)~~@:>"
;; Now that most things have a chance
;; to work properly without messing up
;; other threads, it's time to enable
;; signals.
;; FPU state, on win32 at least, is
;; per-thread and it isn't
;; automatically inherited. FIXME on
;; other platforms?
(setf (thread-result thread)
;; Too hard to recover after stack overflow
;; on windows. Terminating thread by default
;; makes debugging feasible, at least.
(cons t
(apply real-function arguments)))
(sb!kernel::control-stack-exhausted ()
(throw 'sb!impl::%toplevel-catcher nil))))
;; Try to block deferrables. An
;; interrupt may unwind it, but for a
;; normal exit it prevents interrupt
;; loss.
;; We're going down, can't handle interrupts
;; sanely anymore. GC remains enabled.
;; We don't want to run interrupts in a dead
;; thread when we leave WITHOUT-INTERRUPTS.
;; This potentially causes important
;; interupts to be lost: SIGINT comes to
;; mind.
(setq *interrupt-pending* nil)
(handle-thread-exit thread))))))))
;; If the starting thread is stopped for gc before it signals the
;; semaphore then we'd be stuck.
(assert (not *gc-inhibit*))
;; Keep INITIAL-FUNCTION pinned until the child thread is
;; initialized properly. Wrap the whole thing in
;; WITHOUT-INTERRUPTS because we pass INITIAL-FUNCTION to another
;; thread.
(with-pinned-objects (initial-function)
(let ((os-thread
(get-lisp-obj-address initial-function))))
(when (zerop os-thread)
(error "Can't create a new thread"))
(wait-on-semaphore setup-sem)
(return-from make-thread thread))))))
(error "Could not create a new thread.")))
(defun join-thread (thread &key (default nil defaultp) timeout)
"Suspend current thread until THREAD exits. Return the result values
of the thread function.
If the thread does not exit normally within TIMEOUT seconds return
DEFAULT if given, or else signal JOIN-THREAD-ERROR.
Trying to join the main thread will cause JOIN-THREAD to block until
TIMEOUT occurs or the process exits: when main thread exits, the
entire process exits.
NOTE: Return convention in case of a timeout is exprimental and
subject to change."
(let ((lock (thread-result-lock thread))
(got-it nil)
(problem :timeout))
(if (setf got-it
;; Don't use the timeout if the thread is not alive anymore.
(grab-mutex lock :timeout (and (thread-alive-p thread) timeout))))
(cond ((car (thread-result thread))
(return-from join-thread
(values-list (cdr (thread-result thread)))))
(return-from join-thread default))
(setf problem :abort)))
(when defaultp
(return-from join-thread default)))
(when got-it
(release-mutex lock))))
(error 'join-thread-error :thread thread :problem problem)))
(defun destroy-thread (thread)
"Deprecated. Same as TERMINATE-THREAD."
(terminate-thread thread))
(defmacro with-interruptions-lock ((thread) &body body)
`(with-system-mutex ((thread-interruptions-lock ,thread))
(defconstant +interrupt-signal+ #!-win32 sb!unix:sigpipe #!+win32 1)
;;; Called from the signal handler.
(defun run-interruption ()
(let ((interruption (with-interruptions-lock (*current-thread*)
(pop (thread-interruptions *current-thread*)))))
;; If there is more to do, then resignal and let the normal
;; interrupt deferral mechanism take care of the rest. From the
;; OS's point of view the signal we are in the handler for is no
;; longer pending, so the signal will not be lost.
(when (thread-interruptions *current-thread*)
#!-(and win32 sb-gc-safepoint)
(kill-safely (thread-os-thread *current-thread*)
#!+(and win32 sb-gc-safepoint)
;; This interrupt mechanism now works on win32, but it may be
;; rather expensive and unpredictable, so we'd rather avoid
;; it. Imagine there is a call to check_pending_interrupts()
;; here and now, ahead of us. The only thing it could do is
;; setting *INTERRUPT-PENDING* to T. Then why not do it
;; ourselves?
;; POSIX systems are another story: deferrables, blocked signal
;; mask and GC interact on SBCL-for-UNIX in many subtle
;; ways. Win32, for now, won't call the signal handler when
;; deferrables are unblocked, and GC on Win32 doesn't block
;; deferrables when pending.
(setf *interrupt-pending* t))
(when interruption
(funcall interruption)
(invoke-interruption interruption))))
(defun interrupt-thread (thread function)
"Interrupt THREAD and make it run FUNCTION.
The interrupt is asynchronous, and can occur anywhere with the exception of
sections protected using SB-SYS:WITHOUT-INTERRUPTS.
FUNCTION is called with interrupts disabled, under
SB-SYS:ALLOW-WITH-INTERRUPTS. Since functions such as GRAB-MUTEX may try to
enable interrupts internally, in most cases FUNCTION should either enter
SB-SYS:WITH-INTERRUPTS to allow nested interrupts, or
SB-SYS:WITHOUT-INTERRUPTS to prevent them completely.
When a thread receives multiple interrupts, they are executed in the order
they were sent -- first in, first out.
This means that a great degree of care is required to use INTERRUPT-THREAD
safely and sanely in a production environment. The general recommendation is
to limit uses of INTERRUPT-THREAD for interactive debugging, banning it
entirely from production environments -- it is simply exceedingly hard to use
With those caveats in mind, what you need to know when using it:
* If calling FUNCTION causes a non-local transfer of control (ie. an
unwind), all normal cleanup forms will be executed.
However, if the interrupt occurs during cleanup forms of an UNWIND-PROTECT,
it is just as if that had happened due to a regular GO, THROW, or
RETURN-FROM: the interrupted cleanup form and those following it in the
same UNWIND-PROTECT do not get executed.
SBCL tries to keep its own internals asynch-unwind-safe, but this is
frankly an unreasonable expectation for third party libraries, especially
given that asynch-unwind-safety does not compose: a function calling
only asynch-unwind-safe function isn't automatically asynch-unwind-safe.
This means that in order for an asych unwind to be safe, the entire
callstack at the point of interruption needs to be asynch-unwind-safe.
* In addition to asynch-unwind-safety you must consider the issue of
re-entrancy. INTERRUPT-THREAD can cause function that are never normally
called recursively to be re-entered during their dynamic contour,
which may cause them to misbehave. (Consider binding of special variables,
values of global variables, etc.)
Take togather, these two restrict the \"safe\" things to do using
INTERRUPT-THREAD to a fairly minimal set. One useful one -- exclusively for
interactive development use is using it to force entry to debugger to inspect
the state of a thread:
(interrupt-thread thread #'break)
Short version: be careful out there."
#!+(and (not sb-thread) win32)
(declare (ignore thread))
(with-interrupts (funcall function))))
#!-(and (not sb-thread) win32)
(let ((os-thread (thread-os-thread thread)))
(cond ((not os-thread)
(error 'interrupt-thread-error :thread thread))
(with-interruptions-lock (thread)
;; Append to the end of the interruptions queue. It's
;; O(N), but it does not hurt to slow interruptors down a
;; bit when the queue gets long.
(shiftf (thread-interruptions thread)
(append (thread-interruptions thread)
(list function))))
(when (minusp (kill-safely os-thread
(error 'interrupt-thread-error :thread thread))))))))
(defun terminate-thread (thread)
"Terminate the thread identified by THREAD, by interrupting it and
causing it to call SB-EXT:ABORT-THREAD with :ALLOW-EXIT T.
The unwind caused by TERMINATE-THREAD is asynchronous, meaning that
eg. thread executing
(let (foo)
(setf foo (get-foo))
(work-on-foo foo))
(when foo
;; An interrupt occurring inside the cleanup clause
;; will cause cleanups from the current UNWIND-PROTECT
;; to be dropped.
(release-foo foo))))
might miss calling RELEASE-FOO despite GET-FOO having returned true if
the interrupt occurs inside the cleanup clause, eg. during execution
Thus, in order to write an asynch unwind safe UNWIND-PROTECT you need
(let (foo)
(setf foo (sb-sys:allow-with-interrupts
(work-on-foo foo)))
(when foo
(release-foo foo)))))
Since most libraries using UNWIND-PROTECT do not do this, you should never
assume that unknown code can safely be terminated using TERMINATE-THREAD."
(interrupt-thread thread (lambda () (abort-thread :allow-exit t))))
(define-alien-routine "thread_yield" int)
(setf (fdocumentation 'thread-yield 'function)
"Yield the processor to other threads.")
;;; internal use only. If you think you need to use these, either you
;;; are an SBCL developer, are doing something that you should discuss
;;; with an SBCL developer first, or are doing something that you
;;; should probably discuss with a professional psychiatrist first
(defun %thread-sap (thread)
(let ((thread-sap (alien-sap (extern-alien "all_threads" (* t))))
(target (thread-os-thread thread)))
(when (sap= thread-sap (int-sap 0)) (return nil))
(let ((os-thread (sap-ref-word thread-sap
(* sb!vm:n-word-bytes
(when (= os-thread target) (return thread-sap))
(setf thread-sap
(sap-ref-sap thread-sap (* sb!vm:n-word-bytes
(defun %symbol-value-in-thread (symbol thread)
;; Prevent the thread from dying completely while we look for the TLS
;; area...
(if (thread-alive-p thread)
(let* ((offset (sb!kernel:get-lisp-obj-address
(sb!vm::symbol-tls-index symbol)))
(obj (sap-ref-lispobj (%thread-sap thread) offset))
(tl-val (sb!kernel:get-lisp-obj-address obj)))
(cond ((zerop offset)
(values nil :no-tls-value))
((or (eql tl-val sb!vm:no-tls-value-marker-widetag)
(eql tl-val sb!vm:unbound-marker-widetag))
(values nil :unbound-in-thread))
(values obj :ok))))
(values nil :thread-dead))))
(defun %set-symbol-value-in-thread (symbol thread value)
(with-pinned-objects (value)
;; Prevent the thread from dying completely while we look for the TLS
;; area...
(if (thread-alive-p thread)
(let ((offset (sb!kernel:get-lisp-obj-address
(sb!vm::symbol-tls-index symbol))))
(cond ((zerop offset)
(values nil :no-tls-value))
(setf (sap-ref-lispobj (%thread-sap thread) offset)
(values value :ok))))
(values nil :thread-dead)))))
(define-alien-variable tls-index-start unsigned-int)
;; Get values from the TLS area of the current thread.
(defun %thread-local-references ()
(let ((sap (%thread-sap *current-thread*)))
(loop for index from tls-index-start
below (symbol-value 'sb!vm::*free-tls-index*)
for value = (sap-ref-word sap (* sb!vm:n-word-bytes index))
for (obj ok) = (multiple-value-list (sb!kernel:make-lisp-obj value nil))
unless (or (not ok)
(typep obj '(or fixnum character))
(member value
(member obj seen :test #'eq))
collect obj into seen
finally (return seen))))))
(defun symbol-value-in-thread (symbol thread &optional (errorp t))
"Return the local value of SYMBOL in THREAD, and a secondary value of T
on success.
If the value cannot be retrieved (because the thread has exited or because it
has no local binding for NAME) and ERRORP is true signals an error of type
SYMBOL-VALUE-IN-THREAD-ERROR; if ERRORP is false returns a primary value of
NIL, and a secondary value of NIL.
Can also be used with SETF to change the thread-local value of SYMBOL.
SYMBOL-VALUE-IN-THREAD is primarily intended as a debugging tool, and not as a
mechanism for inter-thread communication."
(declare (symbol symbol) (thread thread))
(multiple-value-bind (res status) (%symbol-value-in-thread symbol thread)
(if (eq :ok status)
(values res t)
(if errorp
(error 'symbol-value-in-thread-error
:name symbol
:thread thread
:info (list :read status))
(values nil nil))))
(if (boundp symbol)
(values (symbol-value symbol) t)
(if errorp
(error 'symbol-value-in-thread-error
:name symbol
:thread thread
:info (list :read :unbound-in-thread))
(values nil nil))))
(defun (setf symbol-value-in-thread) (value symbol thread &optional (errorp t))
(declare (symbol symbol) (thread thread))
(multiple-value-bind (res status) (%set-symbol-value-in-thread symbol thread value)
(if (eq :ok status)
(values res t)
(if errorp
(error 'symbol-value-in-thread-error
:name symbol
:thread thread
:info (list :write status))
(values nil nil))))
(if (boundp symbol)
(values (setf (symbol-value symbol) value) t)
(if errorp
(error 'symbol-value-in-thread-error
:name symbol
:thread thread
:info (list :write :unbound-in-thread))
(values nil nil))))
(defun sb!vm::locked-symbol-global-value-add (symbol-name delta)
(sb!vm::locked-symbol-global-value-add symbol-name delta))
;;;; Stepping
(defun thread-stepping ()
(sap-ref-word (current-thread-sap)
(* sb!vm::thread-stepping-slot sb!vm:n-word-bytes))))
(defun (setf thread-stepping) (value)
(setf (sap-ref-word (current-thread-sap)
(* sb!vm::thread-stepping-slot sb!vm:n-word-bytes))
(get-lisp-obj-address value)))
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