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README.md

imicros-flow

Build Status Coverage Status Development Status

Process engine of imicros framework (based on Moleculer services)

** Change in Version 0.3.*: Eventhandling based on Kafka moved to imicros-events! **

Installation

$ npm install imicros-flow --save

Usage

The services flow.token, flow.next, flow.activity, flow.sequence, flow.gateway, flow.process are running worker services reacting on different events (namespace flow.*).

New processes are triggered by event subscriptions defined in process control and queried by service flow.query with action subscripitions. Service flow.event is listening to each* submitted event in molculer and starts a new process if a subscription exsits.

*with exception of internal events $** or own submitted events flow.*.

Dependencies

The engine requires additional running services of the following packages:

  • imicros-flow-control (service flow.query) for querying process defintion uses Neo4j as graph database
  • imicros-flow-context (service flow.context) for storing the context of a running process uses Cassandra as database
  • imicros-flow-store (service flow.store) for storing element status of a running process uses Cassandra as database
  • imicros-acl (service acl) for checking authorizations
  • imicros-rules (service rules) for evaluation business rules

But these services can also be replaced by own services with similar functionality - refer to the mocks in test/helper.

BPMN Background

Support of the following BPMN elements

The goal is to cover all of them in the final version 😉.

Activites

Activities Types Markers
Task [ ] Send Task
[ ] Receive Task
[ ] User Task
[ ] Manual Task
[x] Business Rule Task
[x] Service Task
[ ] Script Task
[ ] Parallel
[ ] Sequential
[ ] Ad Hoc
Sub-Process [ ] Loop
[ ] Parallel
[ ] Sequential
[ ] Ad Hoc
[ ] Compensation
Event Sub-Process [ ] Loop
[ ] Parallel
[ ] Sequential
[ ] Ad Hoc
[ ] Compensation
Transaction [ ] Loop
[ ] Parallel
[ ] Sequential
[ ] Compensation

Sequence Flow

  • Standard Flow
  • Conditional Flow
  • Default Flow

Gateways

  • Exclusive Gateway
  • Event-based Gateway
  • Parallel Gateway
  • Inclusive Gateway
  • Complex Gateway
  • Exclusive Event-based Gateway
  • Parallel Event-based Gateway

Events

Events Start Intermediate End
None (untyped) [ ] Standard [ ] Throwing [ ] Standard
[ ] Terminate Immediatly
Message [ ] Standard
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
[ ] Catching
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
[ ] Throwing
[ ] Standard
Timer (1) [x] Standard
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
[x] Catching
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
Escalation [ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting [ ] Throwing
[ ] Standard
Conditional [ ] Standard
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
[ ] Catching
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
Error [ ] Boundary Interrupting [ ] Boundary Interrupting [ ] Standard
Cancel [ ] Boundary Interrupting [ ] Standard
Compensation [ ] Boundary Interrupting [ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Throwing
[ ] Standard
Signal [x] Standard
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
[ ] Catching
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
[ ] Throwing
[ ] Standard
Multiple [ ] Standard
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
[ ] Catching
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
[ ] Throwing
[ ] Standard
Parallel Multiple [ ] Standard
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting
[ ] Catching
[ ] Boundary Interrupting
[ ] Boundary Non-Interrupting

(1) Start timer event currently supports only cron syntax for scheduling. The intermediate timer event supports only to wait a specific time defined by given month/days/hours/seconds which are added to the date when the event is activated.

Concept of token

According to BPMN Execution Semantics:

The process flow of each instance is controlled by token. If a new process element (event, sequence, task, gateway or subprocess) is activated, a corresponding token with an initial status is emitted (event flow.token.emit).

The token handler is reading the emitted tokens will initiate the next step by processing the token.

If the token is processed, at least the status changes. The processed token is consumed (event flow.token.consume) and new tokens are issued.

Activity

Diagram token flow - activity

(1) ACTIVITY_ACTIVATED

  • Service Task: if a ruleset is given
    • get values from context for given input keys
    • evaluate ruleset for preparation of action parameters
    • store action parameters in the context
    • emit token ACTIVITY_READY
  • Others: pass through, emit token ACTIVITY_READY

(2) ACTIVITY_READY

  • Service Task:
    • get values from context for the given parameters key
    • call given service action and save result in context under the given key for the result
    • in case of errors: emit token ACTIVITY_ERROR
    • otherwise: emit token ACTIVITY_COMPLETED
  • Business Rule Task:
    • get values from context for given input keys
    • evaluate ruleset
    • store result in the context under the given key
    • in case of errors: emit token ACTIVITY_ERROR
    • otherwise: emit token ACTIVITY_COMPLETED

(3) ACTIVITY_COMPLETED

  • All:
    • emit flow.next

(4) ACTIVITY_ERROR

Sequence

Diagram token flow - sequence

(1) SEQUENCE_ACTIVATED

  • Standard Sequence (and received token without attribute exclusiveGateway):
    • pass through, emit token SEQUENCE_COMPLETED
  • Conditional Sequence or received token with attribute exclusiveGateway:
    • get values from context for given input keys
    • evaluate ruleset
    • if the result for the given result key === true: emit token SEQUENCE_COMPLETED
    • if the result for the given result key != true: emit token SEQUENCE_REJECTED
    • emit flow.sequence.evaluated
  • Default Sequence:
    • do nothing ( waiting for events flow.sequence.evaluated )

(2) SEQUENCE_COMPLETED

  • All:
    • emit flow.next

(3) SEQUENCE_REJECTED

(4) SEQUENCE_ERROR

(a) flow.sequence.evaluated

Each token emitted by handling of flow.next has the attributes defaultSequence and waitFor if one of the outgoing sequences is a default sequence. defaultSequence is the element id of an outgoing default sequence. waitFor is an array of all other outgoing sequences.

The event handler of flow.sequence.evaluated

  • save the received token in the context of the default sequence element
  • get all received token saved in the context and check if they are complete against the array waitFor
  • if the received token are complete and all are rejected: emit token SEQUENCE_COMPLETED
  • if the received token are complete and any of them is completed: emit token SEQUENCE_REJECTED

Gateway

Diagram token flow - exclusive gateway

(1) GATEWAY_ACTIVATED

  • split:
    • set attribute exclusiveGateway in new token for flow control by outgoing sequences
    • emit token GATEWAY_COMPLETED
  • merge:
    • pass through, emit token GATEWAY_COMPLETED

(2) GATEWAY_COMPLETED

  • split & merge:
    • emit flow.next

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Moleculer service for loose coupled event handling

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