write APIs using direct SQL queries with no hassle, let's rethink about SQL
Clone or download
alash3al Merge pull request #20 from feifeiiiiiiiiiii/master
BugFix: exec help|info|list command should return
Latest commit 52bf445 Jan 15, 2019

README.md

SQLer

SQL-er is a tiny portable server enables you to write APIs using SQL query to be executed when anyone hits it, also it enables you to define validation rules so you can validate the request body/query params, as well as data transformation using simple javascript syntax. sqler uses nginx style configuration language (HCL) amd javascript engine for custom expressions.

Table Of Contents

Features

  • Standalone with no dependencies.
  • Works with most of SQL databases out there including (SQL Server, MYSQL, SQLITE, PostgreSQL, Cockroachdb)
  • Built-in RESTful server
  • Built-in RESP Redis Protocol, you connect to SQLer using any redis client
  • Built-in Javascript interpreter to easily transform the result
  • Built-in Validators
  • Automatically uses prepared statements
  • Uses (HCL) configuration language
  • You can load multiple configuration files not just one, based on unix glob style pattern
  • Each SQL query could be named as Macro
  • Uses Javascript custom expressions.
  • Each macro has its own Context (query params + body params) as .Input which is map[string]interface{}, and .Utils which is a list of helper functions, currently it contains only SQLEscape.
  • You can define authorizers, an authorizer is just a simple webhook that enables sqler to verify whether the request should be done or not.

Quick Tour

  • You install sqler using the right binary for your os from the releases page.
  • Let's say that you downloaded sqler_darwin_amd64
  • Let's rename it to sqler, and copy it to /usr/local/bin
  • Now just run sqler -h, you will the next
                         ____   ___  _
                        / ___| / _ \| |    ___ _ __
                        \___ \| | | | |   / _ \ '__|
                         ___) | |_| | |__|  __/ |
                        |____/ \__\_\_____\___|_|

        turn your SQL queries into safe valid RESTful apis.


  -config string
        the config file(s) that contains your endpoints configs, it accepts comma seprated list of glob style pattern (default "./config.example.hcl")
  -driver string
        the sql driver to be used (default "mysql")
  -dsn string
        the data source name for the selected engine (default "root:root@tcp(127.0.0.1)/test?multiStatements=true")
  -resp string
        the resp (redis protocol) server listen address (default ":3678")
  -rest string
        the http restful api listen address (default ":8025")
  -workers int
        the maximum workers count (default 4)
  • you can specifiy multiple files for -config as configuration, i.e -config="/my/config/dir/*.hcl,/my/config/dir2/*.hcl"
  • you need specify which driver you need and its dsn from the following:
Driver DSN
mysql usrname:password@tcp(server:port)/dbname?option1=value1&...
postgres postgresql://username:password@server:port/dbname?option1=value1
sqlite3 /path/to/db.sqlite?option1=value1
sqlserver sqlserver://username:password@host/instance?param1=value&param2=value
sqlserver://username:password@host:port?param1=value&param2=value
sqlserver://sa@localhost/SQLExpress?database=master&connection+timeout=30
mssql server=localhost\\SQLExpress;user id=sa;database=master;app name=MyAppName
server=localhost;user id=sa;database=master;app name=MyAppName
odbc:server=localhost\\SQLExpress;user id=sa;database=master;app name=MyAppName
odbc:server=localhost;user id=sa;database=master;app name=MyAppName
hdb (SAP HANA) hdb://user:password@host:port
clickhouse (Yandex ClickHouse) tcp://host1:9000?username=user&password=qwerty&database=clicks&read_timeout=10&write_timeout=20&alt_hosts=host2:9000,host3:9000

Supported DBMSs

  • MYSQL, TiDB, MariaDB, Percona and any MYSQL compatible server uses mysql driver.
  • PostgreSQL, CockroachDB and any PostgreSQL compatible server uses postgres driver.
  • SQL Server, MSSQL, ADO, ODBC uses sqlserver or mssql driver.
  • SQLITE, uses sqlite3 driver.
  • HANA (SAP), uses hdb driver.
  • Clickhouse, uses clickhouse driver.

Configuration Overview

// create a macro/endpoint called "_boot",
// this macro is private "used within other macros" 
// because it starts with "_".
_boot {
    // the query we want to execute
    exec = <<SQL
        CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `users` (
            `ID` INT UNSIGNED AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
            `name` VARCHAR(30) DEFAULT "@anonymous",
            `email` VARCHAR(30) DEFAULT "@anonymous",
            `password` VARCHAR(200) DEFAULT "",
            `time` INT UNSIGNED
        );
    SQL
}

// adduser macro/endpoint, just hit `/adduser` with
// a `?user_name=&user_email=` or json `POST` request
// with the same fields.
adduser {
    validators {
        user_name_is_empty = "$input.user_name && $input.user_name.trim().length > 0"
        user_email_is_empty = "$input.user_email && $input.user_email.trim(' ').length > 0"
        user_password_is_not_ok = "$input.user_password && $input.user_password.trim(' ').length > 5"
    }

    bind {
        name = "$input.user_name"
        email = "$input.user_email"
        password = "$input.user_password"
    }

    methods = ["POST"]

    authorizer = <<JS
        (function(){
            log("use this for debugging")
            token = $input.http_authorization
            response = fetch("http://requestbin.fullcontact.com/zxpjigzx", {
                headers: {
                    "Authorization": token
                }
            })
            if ( response.statusCode != 200 ) {
                return false
            }
            return true
        })()
    JS

    // include some macros we declared before
    include = ["_boot"]

    exec = <<SQL
        INSERT INTO users(name, email, password, time) VALUES(:name, :email, :password, UNIX_TIMESTAMP());
        SELECT * FROM users WHERE id = LAST_INSERT_ID();
    SQL
}

// list all databases, and run a transformer function
databases {
    exec = "SHOW DATABASES"
}

// list all tables from all databases
tables {
    exec = "SELECT `table_schema` as `database`, `table_name` as `table` FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.tables"
}

// a macro that aggregates `databases` macro and `tables` macro into one macro
databases_tables {
    aggregate = ["databases", "tables"]
}

REST vs RESP

RESTful server could be used to interact directly with i.e mobile, browser, ... etc, in this mode SQLer is protected by authorizers, which gives you the ability to check authorization against another 3rd-party api.
Each macro you add to the configuration file(s) you can access to it by issuing a http request to /<macro-name>, every query param and json body will be passed to the macro .Input.

RESP server is just a basic REDIS compatible server, you connect to it using any REDIS client out there, even redis-cli, just open redis-cli -p 3678 list to list all available macros (commands), you can execute any macro as a redis command and pass the arguments as a json encoded data, i.e redis-cli -p 3678 adduser "{\"user_name\": \"u6\", \"user_email\": \"email@tld.com\", \"user_password\":\"pass@123\"}".

Sanitization

SQLer uses prepared statements, you can bind use inputs like the following:

addpost {
    // $input is a global variable holds all request inputs,
    // including the http headers too (prefixed with `http_`)
    // all http header keys are normalized to be in this form 
    // `http_x_header_example`, `http_authorization` ... etc in lower case.
    bind {
        title = "$input.post_title"
        content = "$input.post_content"
        user_id = "$input.post_user"
    }

    exec = <<SQL
        INSERT INTO posts(user_id, title, content) VALUES(:user_id, :title, :content);
        SELECT * FROM posts WHERE id = LAST_INSERT_ID();
    SQL
}

Validation

Data validation is very easy in SQLer, it is all about simple javascript expression like this:

addpost {
    // if any rule returns false, 
    // SQLer will return 422 code, with invalid rules.
    // 
    // $input is a global variable holds all request inputs,
    // including the http headers too (prefixed with `http_`)
    // all http header keys are normalized to be in this form 
    // `http_x_header_example`, `http_authorization` ... etc in lower case.
    validators {
        post_title_length = "$input.post_title && $input.post_title.trim().length > 0"
        post_content_length = "$input.post_content && $input.post_content.length > 0"
        post_user = "$input.post_user"
    }

    bind {
        title = "$input.post_title"
        content = "$input.post_content"
        user_id = "$input.post_user"
    }

    exec = <<SQL
        INSERT INTO posts(user_id, title, content) VALUES(:user_id, :title, :content);
        SELECT * FROM posts WHERE id = LAST_INSERT_ID();
    SQL
}

Authorization

If you want to expose SQLer as a direct api to API consumers, you will need to add an authorization layer on top of it, let's see how to do that

addpost {
    authorizer = <<JS
        (function(){
            // $input is a global variable holds all request inputs,
            // including the http headers too (prefixed with `http_`)
            // all http header keys are normalized to be in this form 
            // `http_x_header_example`, `http_authorization` ... etc in lower case.
            token = $input.http_authorization
            response = fetch("http://requestbin.fullcontact.com/zxpjigzx", {
                headers: {
                    "Authorization": token
                }
            })
            if ( response.statusCode != 200 ) {
                return false
            }
            return true
        })()
    JS
}

using that trick, you can use any third-party Authentication service that will remove that hassle from your code.

Data Transformation

In some cases we need to transform the resulted data into something more friendly to our API consumers, so I added javascript interpreter to SQLer so we can transform our data, each js code has a global variable called $result, it holds the result of the exec section, you should write your code like the following:

// list all databases, and run a transformer function
databases {
    exec = "SHOW DATABASES"

    transformer = <<JS
        // there is a global variable called `$result`,
        // `$result` holds the result of the sql execution.
        (function(){
            newResult = []

            for ( i in $result ) {
                newResult.push($result[i].Database)
            }

            return newResult
        })()
    JS
}

Aggregators

SQLer helps you to merge multiple macros into one to minimize the API calls number, see the example bellow

databases {
    exec = "SHOW DATABASES"

    transformer = <<JS
        // there is a global variable called `$result`,
        // `$result` holds the result of the sql execution.
        (function(){
            newResult = []

            for ( i in $result ) {
                newResult.push($result[i].Database)
            }

            return newResult
        })()
    JS
}

tables {
    exec = "SELECT `table_schema` as `database`, `table_name` as `table` FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.tables"
    transformer = <<JS
        (function(){
            $ret = {}
            for (  i in $result ) {
                if ( ! $ret[$result[i].database] ) {
                    $ret[$result[i].database] = [];
                }
                $ret[$result[i].database].push($result[i].table)
            }
            return $ret
        })()
    JS
}

databasesAndTables {
    aggregate {
        databases = "current_databases"
        tables = "current_tables"
    }
}

Issue/Suggestion/Contribution ?

SQLer is your software, feel free to open an issue with your feature(s), suggestions, ... etc, also you can easily contribute even you aren't a Go developer, you can write wikis it is open for all, let's make SQLer more powerful.

Author

I'm Mohamed Al Ashaal, just a problem solver :), you can view more projects from me here, and here is my email m7medalash3al@gmail.com

License

Copyright 2019 The SQLer Authors. All rights reserved. Use of this source code is governed by a Apache 2.0 license that can be found in the LICENSE file.