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Subnets

Kube-OVN uses annotations on Namespaces to create and share Subnets. If a Namespace has no related annotations, it will use the default Subnet (10.16.0.0/16)

Use the following annotations to define a Subnet:

  • ovn.kubernetes.io/cidr: The CIDR of the Subnet.
  • ovn.kubernetes.io/gateway: The Gateway address for the Subnet.
  • ovn.kubernetes.io/logical_switch: The Logical Switch name in OVN.
  • ovn.kubernetes.io/exclude_ips: Addresses that should not be allocated to Pods.

Example:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  annotations:
    ovn.kubernetes.io/cidr: 10.17.0.0/16
    ovn.kubernetes.io/gateway: 10.17.0.1
    ovn.kubernetes.io/logical_switch: ovn-subnet
    ovn.kubernetes.io/exclude_ips: "192.168.0.4,192.168.0.30..192.168.0.60,192.168.0.110..192.168.0.120"
  name: ovn-subnet

This YAML will create a Logical Switch named ovn-subnet in OVN, with CIDR 10.17.0.0/16, and Gateway 10.17.0.1. The IP addresses between 10.17.0.0 and 10.17.0.10 will not be allocated to the Pods.

NOTE: In the current version, we only support creating a Subnet while creating a new Namespace. Modifying annotations after Namespace creation will not trigger Subnet creation/update in OVN. Dynamic Subnet configuration is planned for a future release.

To share a Subnet across multiple Namespaces, point the annotation ovn.kubernetes.io/logical_switch to an existing Logical Switch when creating the Namespace. For example:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  annotations:
    ovn.kubernetes.io/logical_switch: ovn-subnet
  name: ovn-share

This YAML will create a Namespace ovn-share that uses the same Subnet as the previous Namespace ovn-subnet.

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