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# -----------
# User Instructions
#
# Implement a P controller by running 100 iterations
# of robot motion. The steering angle should be set
# by the parameter tau so that:
#
# steering = -tau * crosstrack_error
#
# Note that tau is called "param" in the function
# run to be completed below.
#
# Your code should print output that looks like
# the output shown in the video. That is, at each step:
# print myrobot, steering
#
# ------------
from math import *
import random
# ------------------------------------------------
#
# this is the robot class
#
class robot:
# --------
# init:
# creates robot and initializes location/orientation to 0, 0, 0
#
def __init__(self, length = 20.0):
self.x = 0.0
self.y = 0.0
self.orientation = 0.0
self.length = length
self.steering_noise = 0.0
self.distance_noise = 0.0
self.steering_drift = 0.0
# --------
# set:
# sets a robot coordinate
#
def set(self, new_x, new_y, new_orientation):
self.x = float(new_x)
self.y = float(new_y)
self.orientation = float(new_orientation) % (2.0 * pi)
# --------
# set_noise:
# sets the noise parameters
#
def set_noise(self, new_s_noise, new_d_noise):
# makes it possible to change the noise parameters
# this is often useful in particle filters
self.steering_noise = float(new_s_noise)
self.distance_noise = float(new_d_noise)
# --------
# set_steering_drift:
# sets the systematical steering drift parameter
#
def set_steering_drift(self, drift):
self.steering_drift = drift
# --------
# move:
# steering = front wheel steering angle, limited by max_steering_angle
# distance = total distance driven, most be non-negative
def move(self, steering, distance,
tolerance = 0.001, max_steering_angle = pi / 4.0):
if steering > max_steering_angle:
steering = max_steering_angle
if steering < -max_steering_angle:
steering = -max_steering_angle
if distance < 0.0:
distance = 0.0
# make a new copy
res = robot()
res.length = self.length
res.steering_noise = self.steering_noise
res.distance_noise = self.distance_noise
res.steering_drift = self.steering_drift
# apply noise
steering2 = random.gauss(steering, self.steering_noise)
distance2 = random.gauss(distance, self.distance_noise)
# apply steering drift
steering2 += self.steering_drift
# Execute motion
turn = tan(steering2) * distance2 / res.length
if abs(turn) < tolerance:
# approximate by straight line motion
res.x = self.x + (distance2 * cos(self.orientation))
res.y = self.y + (distance2 * sin(self.orientation))
res.orientation = (self.orientation + turn) % (2.0 * pi)
else:
# approximate bicycle model for motion
radius = distance2 / turn
cx = self.x - (sin(self.orientation) * radius)
cy = self.y + (cos(self.orientation) * radius)
res.orientation = (self.orientation + turn) % (2.0 * pi)
res.x = cx + (sin(res.orientation) * radius)
res.y = cy - (cos(res.orientation) * radius)
return res
def __repr__(self):
return '[x=%.5f y=%.5f orient=%.5f]' % (self.x, self.y, self.orientation)
############## ADD / MODIFY CODE BELOW ####################
# ------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# run - does a single control run
def run(param):
myrobot = robot()
myrobot.set(0.0, 1.0, 0.0)
speed = 1.0 # motion distance is equal to speed (we assume time = 1)
N = 100
#
# Add Code Here
#
for i in range(N):
steering = -param * myrobot.y
myrobot = myrobot.move(steering, speed)
print myrobot, steering
run(0.1) # call function with parameter tau of 0.1 and print results