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Simple & light weight (3kb minified & zipped) vanilla javascript plugin to create smooth & beautiful animations when you scrolllll! Harness the power of the most intuitive interaction and make your websites come alive!
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Simple & light weight (<3kb gzipped) vanilla javascript plugin to create smooth & beautiful animations when you scrolllll! Harness the power of the most intuitive interaction and make your websites come alive!

>>> DEMO <<<

>>> MARIO DEMO <<<

Getting Started

NPM Setup

npm install lax.js
import lax from 'lax.js'

Basic Browser Setup

  1. Add lax.js to your html
<script src="lib/lax.min.js" >
<!-- or via CDN -->
<script src="" >
  1. Initialize the plugin
window.onload = function() {
	lax.setup() // init

	const updateLax = () => {

  1. Add class and attributes to the HTML tags you want to animate e.g.
<p class="lax" data-lax-preset="spin fadeInOut">Look at me goooooo!</p>
  1. Scroll and enjoy!

Usage With React, Vue.js, EmberJS & DOM Changes

To increase performance lax.js indexes the list of elements to animate when the page loads. If you're using a library like React, vue.js or EmberJS, it is likely that you are adding elements after the initial window.onload. Because of this you will need to call lax.addElement(domElement) when you add components to the DOM that you want to animate.

See below for working examples:

You can also call lax.removeElement(domElement) when the component unmounts.


The easiest way to get started is to use the presets via the data-lax-preset attribute. You can chain multiple presets together for e.g. data-lax-preset="blurOut fadeOut spin". Some presets also support an optional strength e.g. data-lax-preset="blurOut-50".

See the list of Supported Presets for details.

Custom Animations

You can easily create your own effects. Just add an attribute to your HTML tag (see Supported Attribute Keys) with an array of values. These arrays take the format of scrollPos val, scrollPos val, ... | option=val e.g:

<p class="lax" data-lax-opacity="0 1, 100 1, 200 0 | loop=200">
	I start to fade out after the window scrolls 100px
	and then I'm gone by 200px!

By default the scrollPos is window.scrollY but you can use an element distance from the top of the screen instead. You can either pass in a selector data-lax-anchor="#bio" or set it to use itself data-lax-anchor="self" (this is the default for all presets) e.g.

<p class="lax" data-lax-opacity="200 1, 100 1, 0 0" data-lax-anchor="self">
	I start to fade out after I'm 100px away from the top of the window
	and then I'm gone by the time I reach the top!

Special Values

Key Value
vw window.innerWidth
vh window.innerHeight
elw targetElement.clientWidth
elh targetElement.clientHeight

You can use these instead of integer values for the scrollPos e.g.

<p class="lax" data-lax-opacity="0 1, vh 0">
	I fade out as the page scrolls down and
	I'm gone when the page has scrolled the view port height!

Calculated Values

You can also use vanilla JS within ( ) for calculations and access to more variables e.g.

<p class="lax" data-lax-opacity="0 1, (document.body.scrollHeight*0.5) 0">
	I fade out as the page scrolls down and
	I'm gone when the page has scrolled 50%
	down the entire page height!


You can pass options into your custom animations for more control e.g.

<p class="lax" data-lax-opacity="0 1, 100 0, 200 100 | loop=200 offset=100 speed=2">
	I start at 0 opacity and
	fade in and out every 50px
Option Effect
loop modulus the input scrollY position so the animation will loop every loop pixels
offset add offset to scrollY position so the animation will begin at this point
speed multiplies the input scrollY position by speed to change the speed of the animation

Responsive Design

You can set multiple presets and animations for different screen widths. When setting up lax you need to pass in your screen width breakpoints e.g.

    breakpoints: { small: 0, large: 992 }

Then you can define presets or transforms per breakpoint.

<p class="lax" data-lax-preset_small="spin">
	I only spin when the screen is smaller than 992px.

<p class="lax" data-lax-scale_small="0 1, 500 0" data-lax-scale_large="0 1, 500 2">
	I shrink when the screen is smaller than 992px but grow when the screen is larger 992px.

Supported Presets

Preset Default Strength
linger n/a
lazy 100
eager 100
lazy 100
slalom 50
crazy n/a
spin 360
spinRev 360
spinIn 360
spinOut 360
blurInOut 40
blurIn 40
blurOut 40
fadeInOut n/a
fadeIn n/a
fadeOut n/a
driftLeft 100
driftRight 100
leftToRight 1
rightToLeft 1
zoomInOut 0.2
zoomIn 0.2
zoomOut 0.2
swing 30
speedy 30

Supported Attribute Keys


Transform Key
opacity data-lax-opacity
translate data-lax-translate
translateX data-lax-translate-x
translateY data-lax-translate-y
scale data-lax-scale
scaleX data-lax-scale-x
scaleY data-lax-scale-y
skew data-lax-skew
skewX data-lax-skew-x
skewY data-lax-skew-y
rotate data-lax-rotate
rotateX data-lax-rotate-x
rotateY data-lax-rotate-y

Filters (note - these may be unperformant on low powered machines)

Filter Key
brightness data-lax-brightness
contrast data-lax-contrast
hue-rotate data-lax-hue-rotate
blur data-lax-blur
invert data-lax-invert
saturate data-lax-saturate
grayscale data-lax-grayscale


Filter Key
background position data-lax-bg-pos
background position-x data-lax-bg-pos-x
background position-y data-lax-bg-pos-y

Sprite Sheet Animations

You can create animations using sprite sheets. See a demo here.

The data-lax-sprite-data is required and formated like so [frameWidth, frameHeight, frameCount, columnCount, scrollStep]. You can either set the image using CSS or the data-lax-sprite-image attribute. e.g.


You can turn a gif or a video into a sprite sheet with this tool:

Note: current implimentation requires the element to be the same size as the frame width & height.

Custom Presets

To avoid duplicate code you can define your own presets with a list of attributes e.g.

lax.addPreset("myCoolPreset", function() {
	return { 
		"data-lax-opacity": "(-vh*0.8) 40, (-vh*0.6) 0",
		"data-lax-rotate": "(-vh*2) 1000, (-vh*0.5) 0" 

You can then access this preset like this:

<p class="lax" data-lax-preset="myCoolPreset">
	I'm the coolest preset in the world 😎

Performance Tips

  • Avoid nesting lax enabled elements within each other, you'll get better performance using lax with smaller elements in the dom tree.
  • Avoid transforms on large elements, e.g. full screen backgrounds.
  • By default elements that have opacity 0 aren't updated. You can either manually set up a data-lax-opacity to control this yourself or use data-lax-optimize which will set the elements opacity to 0 when it goes off -screen.
  • By default -webkit-backface-visibility: hidden; is added to your elements style to encourage the browser to render that object as a layer on the GPU and increase performance. To turn this off add data-lax-use-gpu="false" to your element.


Screen Rotating & Resizing

As some values (vh, vw, elh, elw) are calculated on load, when the screen size changes or rotates you might want to recalculate these. E.g.

window.addEventListener("resize", function() {

Be warned, on mobile, a resize event is fired when you scroll and the toolbar is hidden so you might want to check if the width or orientation has changed.

Scroll Wheels

Scroll wheels only increment the scroll position in steps which can cause the animations to look janky.

Merging Existing Styles

Only inline styles for transforms and filters will be merged in to the animation. Transforms and filters derived from CSS will be overwritten.

To Do / Ideas

  • Implement a tween for scroll wheels to remove reliance on smoothscroll
  • A way to add weight/momentum to moving objecs
  • More cool demos
  • More concise read me for react / vue.js
  • Support for sprite sheet animations
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