Access to Insight: Readings in Theravada Buddhism
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Access To Insight

Access to Insight is an Internet website dedicated to providing accurate, reliable, and useful information concerning the practice and study of Theravada Buddhism, as it has been handed down to us through both the written word of the Pali canon and the living example of the Sangha.

It was created by John Bullitt as a FidoNet BBS in 1993. In 1995 it moved to where it resides to this day. At the end of 2013 Bullitt retired from actively managing the site.

The name "Access to Insight" refers to the particular collection of hyperlinked texts that resides at the official Access to Insight website.

You are invited to download the website for your own use, share it with others, or re-post it elsewhere on the web. I encourage you to incorporate its texts into your own website (within the terms of the copyright licenses, of course), to use its many articles and sutta translations as the seed for your own online anthology of Buddhist texts, or to develop new and improved tools for accessing, exploring, and sharing them. The possibilities are endless.

##Building derived works from Access to Insight The relevant copyright license appears at the bottom of each rendered page on the site. The copyrighted portions are demarcated in the markup, thus:




It is this chunk of text that is governed by the license that appears at the bottom of the page. You are free to strip off everything from that file that lies outside of this "protected text chunk" and replace it with your own formatting, packaging, etc., provided that you also abide by the terms of the copyright license. In general, this means that you must also include these three elements:

  1. The copyright notice. For example: "Copyright 1997 Thanissaro Bhikkhu"
  2. The license restatement. For example: "The text of this page is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. To view a copy of the license, visit". Please include a link back to the "official" Creative Commons license page, so that your readers can read the fine print of the official license.
  3. The attribution. For example: "From Access to Insight (Offline Edition 2013.12.01.01)" Please include a link back to the "official" Access to Insight website, so that your readers can easily track down the original source.

The particular order or placement on the page of these three elements is not important, as long as you make it easy for your readers to find them.

In general, the HTML markup within the protected text chunk is not subject to copyright. You are free to modify the HTML or strip it off entirely, as you please — unless the license explicity forbids re-formatting.

Here is an example of one particular page from Access to Insight as it might appear in a repackaged form on someone else's website.

These guidelines also apply when converting the files into entirely different formats. For example, if you convert a file to Microsoft Word, PDF, or some other format, please include the three elements described above.

A few PDF files have been locked and password-protected by their publisher, to restrict reformatting. Please do not attempt to circumvent these security measures. If you are interested in altering or converting password-protected files, please ask the author or publisher for permission.

-- jtb, 20131203