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This is an implementation of the Salsa20 stream cipher, designed by Daniel J Bernstein and a part of the eSTREAM stream cipher portfolio. This implementation is a naive translation from specification to source with a focus on terseness and readability.

It requires a minimal set of headers (stdint.h and stddef.h only) and no special libraries.


  1. I am not a cryptographer, and this is my first time implementing any sort of cryptographic algorithm.
  2. This library has not been thoroughly tested or vetted by anybody yet.
  3. This library does not provide key expansion, message authentication, or digest functionality.

Pseudo-code example

For a compile-and-run example of byte-by-byte encryption/decryption of stdin to stdout (warning: slow!), please see cli.c.

To encrypt a 5000-byte stream in 500-byte pieces sequentially:

uint8_t *key = 128_bit_key_generation();
uint8_t *nonce = unique_message_number();
unsigned len = 500;
uint8_t buf[len];

// Position (in bytes) in the stream
uint32_t sindex = 0;

for (sindex = 0; sindex < 5000; sindex += len) {
    // recv 'len' bytes into 'buf'
    s20_crypt(key, S20_KEYLEN_128, nonce, sindex, buf, len);
    // copy 'len' bytes from 'buf' elsewhere

Encryption and decryption is identical in Salsa20, therefore there is a single function provided by this library: s20_crypt.


On the BSDs you will need gmake and bash.

make tests will generate an executable called tests containing all unit tests and test vectors. This may need several minutes and upwards of 1GB of memory. Once compiled, they are fast to execute.

make clean will remove the tests executable and all object files.

make cli will compile the sample program.

make perf will compile a simple performance test. It will encrypt and then decrypt 100 MB (literally 100,000,000 bytes) on the heap and then exit (200 MB total).

All commits from October 18th onwards should be signed under my GPG public key. This can be seen with git log --show-signature.


While not originally designed for speed, this implementation performs reasonably well with compiler optimizations enabled. This implementation does not make use of CPU-specific performance features, so it most likely does not compete with optimized implementations.

NOTE: These numbers were obtained with the performance test included with this implementation. I'm not sure if this is an appropriate way to benchmark a stream cipher. If it is not, please let me know!

Core i7: 1.123 seconds, or 178 MB/s

Pentium T4400: 1.558 seconds, or 128 MB/s

ARM Cortex-A8 at 1GHz (BeagleBone Black Rev. A5A): 6.912 seconds, or 28 MB/s


An implementation of the Salsa20 stream cipher in C99







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