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go-algorand-sdk

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The Algorand golang SDK provides:

  • HTTP clients for the algod (agreement) and kmd (key management) APIs
  • Standalone functionality for interacting with the Algorand protocol, including transaction signing, message encoding, etc.

Documentation

Full documentation is available on godoc. You can also self-host the documentation by running godoc -http=:8099 and visiting http://localhost:8099/pkg/github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk in your web browser.

Additional developer documentation can be found on developer.algorand.org

Package overview

In client/, the algod and kmd packages provide HTTP clients for their corresponding APIs. algod is the Algorand protocol daemon, responsible for reaching consensus with the network and participating in the Algorand protocol. You can use it to check the status of the blockchain, read a block, look at transactions, or submit a signed transaction. kmd is the key management daemon. It is responsible for managing spending key material, signing transactions, and managing wallets.

types contains the data structures you'll use when interacting with the network, including addresses, transactions, multisig signatures, etc. Some types (like Transaction) have their own packages containing constructors (like MakePaymentTxn).

encoding contains the json and msgpack packages, which can be used to serialize messages for the algod/kmd APIs and the network.

mnemonic contains support for turning 32-byte keys into checksummed, human-readable mnemonics (and going from mnemonics back to keys).

Quick Start

To download the SDK, open a terminal and use the go get command.

go get -u github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/...

If you are connected to the Algorand network, your algod process should already be running. The kmd process must be started manually, however. Start and stop kmd using goal kmd start and goal kmd stop:

goal kmd start -d <your-data-directory>

Here's a simple example which creates clients for algod and kmd:

package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/client/algod"
	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/client/kmd"
)

const algodAddress = "http://localhost:8080"
const kmdAddress = "http://localhost:7833"
const algodToken = "contents-of-algod.token"
const kmdToken = "contents-of-kmd.token"

func main() {
	// Create an algod client
	algodClient, err := algod.MakeClient(algodAddress, algodToken)
	if err != nil {
		return
	}

	// Create a kmd client
	kmdClient, err := kmd.MakeClient(kmdAddress, kmdToken)
	if err != nil {
		return
	}

	fmt.Printf("algod: %T, kmd: %T\n", algodClient, kmdClient)
}

Examples

algod client

Here is an example that creates an algod client and uses it to fetch node status information, and then a specific block.

package main

import (
	"encoding/json"
	"fmt"

	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/client/algod"
)

// These constants represent the algod REST endpoint and the corresponding
// API token. You can retrieve these from the `algod.net` and `algod.token`
// files in the algod data directory.
const algodAddress = "http://localhost:8080"
const algodToken = "e48a9bbe064a08f19cde9f0f1b589c1188b24e5059bc661b31bd20b4c8fa4ce7"

func main() {
	// Create an algod client
	algodClient, err := algod.MakeClient(algodAddress, algodToken)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("failed to make algod client: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	// Print algod status
	nodeStatus, err := algodClient.Status()
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("error getting algod status: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	fmt.Printf("algod last round: %d\n", nodeStatus.LastRound)
	fmt.Printf("algod time since last round: %d\n", nodeStatus.TimeSinceLastRound)
	fmt.Printf("algod catchup: %d\n", nodeStatus.CatchupTime)
	fmt.Printf("algod latest version: %s\n", nodeStatus.LastVersion)	

	// Fetch block information
	lastBlock, err := algodClient.Block(nodeStatus.LastRound)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("error getting last block: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	// Print the block information
	fmt.Printf("\n-----------------Block Information-------------------\n")
	blockJSON, err := json.MarshalIndent(lastBlock, "", "\t")
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Can not marshall block data: %s\n", err)
	}
	fmt.Printf("%s\n", blockJSON)
}

kmd client

The following example creates a wallet, and generates an account within that wallet.

package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/client/kmd"
	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/types"
)

// These constants represent the kmdd REST endpoint and the corresponding API
// token. You can retrieve these from the `kmd.net` and `kmd.token` files in
// the kmd data directory.
const kmdAddress = "http://localhost:7833"
const kmdToken = "42b7482737a77d9e5dffb8493ac8899db5f95cbc744d4fcffc0f1c47a6db0c1e"

func main() {
	// Create a kmd client
	kmdClient, err := kmd.MakeClient(kmdAddress, kmdToken)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("failed to make kmd client: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	fmt.Println("Made a kmd client")

	// Create the example wallet, if it doesn't already exist
	cwResponse, err := kmdClient.CreateWallet("testwallet", "testpassword", kmd.DefaultWalletDriver, types.MasterDerivationKey{})
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("error creating wallet: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	// We need the wallet ID in order to get a wallet handle, so we can add accounts
	exampleWalletID := cwResponse.Wallet.ID
	fmt.Printf("Created wallet '%s' with ID: %s\n", cwResponse.Wallet.Name, exampleWalletID)

	// Get a wallet handle. The wallet handle is used for things like signing transactions
	// and creating accounts. Wallet handles do expire, but they can be renewed
	initResponse, err := kmdClient.InitWalletHandle(exampleWalletID, "testpassword")
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Error initializing wallet handle: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	// Extract the wallet handle
	exampleWalletHandleToken := initResponse.WalletHandleToken

	// Generate a new address from the wallet handle
	genResponse, err := kmdClient.GenerateKey(exampleWalletHandleToken)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Error generating key: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	fmt.Printf("Generated address %s\n", genResponse.Address)
}

This account can now be used to sign transactions, but you will need some funds to get started. If you are on the test network, you can use the dispenser to seed your account with some Algos.

Backing up a Wallet

You can export a master derivation key from the wallet and convert it to a mnemonic phrase in order to back up any generated addresses. This backup phrase will only allow you to recover wallet-generated keys; if you import an external key into a kmd-managed wallet, you'll need to back up that key by itself in order to recover it.

package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/client/kmd"
	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/mnemonic"
)

// These constants represent the kmdd REST endpoint and the corresponding API
// token. You can retrieve these from the `kmd.net` and `kmd.token` files in
// the kmd data directory.
const kmdAddress = "http://localhost:7833"
const kmdToken = "42b7482737a77d9e5dffb8493ac8899db5f95cbc744d4fcffc0f1c47a6db0c1e"

func main() {
	// Create a kmd client
	kmdClient, err := kmd.MakeClient(kmdAddress, kmdToken)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("failed to make kmd client: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	fmt.Println("Made a kmd client")

	// Get the list of wallets
	listResponse, err := kmdClient.ListWallets()
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("error listing wallets: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	// Find our wallet name in the list
	var exampleWalletID string
	fmt.Printf("Got %d wallet(s):\n", len(listResponse.Wallets))
	for _, wallet := range listResponse.Wallets {
		fmt.Printf("ID: %s\tName: %s\n", wallet.ID, wallet.Name)
		if wallet.Name == "testwallet" {
			fmt.Printf("found wallet '%s' with ID: %s\n", wallet.Name, wallet.ID)
			exampleWalletID = wallet.ID
		}
	}

	// Get a wallet handle
	initResponse, err := kmdClient.InitWalletHandle(exampleWalletID, "testpassword")
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Error initializing wallet handle: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	// Extract the wallet handle
	exampleWalletHandleToken := initResponse.WalletHandleToken

	// Get the backup phrase
	exportResponse, err := kmdClient.ExportMasterDerivationKey(exampleWalletHandleToken, "testpassword")
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Error exporting backup phrase: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	mdk := exportResponse.MasterDerivationKey

	// This string should be kept in a safe place and not shared
	stringToSave, err := mnemonic.FromKey(mdk[:])
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Error getting backup phrase: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	fmt.Printf("Backup Phrase: %s\n", stringToSave)
}

To restore a wallet, convert the phrase to a key and pass it to CreateWallet. This call will fail if the wallet already exists:

package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/client/kmd"
	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/mnemonic"
	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/types"
)

// These constants represent the kmdd REST endpoint and the corresponding API
// token. You can retrieve these from the `kmd.net` and `kmd.token` files in
// the kmd data directory.
const kmdAddress = "http://localhost:7833"
const kmdToken = "42b7482737a77d9e5dffb8493ac8899db5f95cbc744d4fcffc0f1c47a6db0c1e"

func main() {
	// Create a kmd client
	// Create a kmd client
	kmdClient, err := kmd.MakeClient(kmdAddress, kmdToken)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("failed to make kmd client: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	backupPhrase := "fire enlist diesel stamp nuclear chunk student stumble call snow flock brush example slab guide choice option recall south kangaroo hundred matrix school above zero"
	keyBytes, err := mnemonic.ToKey(backupPhrase)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("failed to get key: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	var mdk types.MasterDerivationKey
	copy(mdk[:], keyBytes)
	cwResponse, err := kmdClient.CreateWallet("testwallet", "testpassword", kmd.DefaultWalletDriver, mdk)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("error creating wallet: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	fmt.Printf("Created wallet '%s' with ID: %s\n", cwResponse.Wallet.Name, cwResponse.Wallet.ID)
}

Signing and submitting a transaction

The following example shows how to to use both KMD and Algod when signing and submitting a transaction. You can also sign a transaction offline, which is shown in the next section of this document.

package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/client/algod"
	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/client/kmd"
	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/transaction"
)

// CHANGE ME
const kmdAddress = "http://localhost:7833"
const kmdToken = "42b7482737a77d9e5dffb8493ac8899db5f95cbc744d4fcffc0f1c47a6db0c1e"
const algodAddress = "http://localhost:8080"
const algodToken = "6218386c0d964e371f34bbff4adf543dab14a7d9720c11c6f11970774d4575de"

func main() {
	// Create a kmd client
	kmdClient, err := kmd.MakeClient(kmdAddress, kmdToken)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("failed to make kmd client: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	fmt.Println("Made a kmd client")

	// Create an algod client
	algodClient, err := algod.MakeClient(algodAddress, algodToken)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("failed to make algod client: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	fmt.Println("Made an algod client")

	// Get the list of wallets
	listResponse, err := kmdClient.ListWallets()
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("error listing wallets: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	// Find our wallet name in the list
	var exampleWalletID string
	fmt.Printf("Got %d wallet(s):\n", len(listResponse.Wallets))
	for _, wallet := range listResponse.Wallets {
		fmt.Printf("ID: %s\tName: %s\n", wallet.ID, wallet.Name)
		if wallet.Name == "testwallet" {
			fmt.Printf("found wallet '%s' with ID: %s\n", wallet.Name, wallet.ID)
			exampleWalletID = wallet.ID
		}
	}
	// Get a wallet handle
	initResponse, err := kmdClient.InitWalletHandle(exampleWalletID, "testpassword")
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Error initializing wallet handle: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	// Extract the wallet handle
	exampleWalletHandleToken := initResponse.WalletHandleToken

	// Generate a new address from the wallet handle
	gen1Response, err := kmdClient.GenerateKey(exampleWalletHandleToken)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Error generating key: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	fmt.Printf("Generated address 1 %s\n", gen1Response.Address)
	fromAddr := gen1Response.Address

	// Generate a new address from the wallet handle
	gen2Response, err := kmdClient.GenerateKey(exampleWalletHandleToken)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Error generating key: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	fmt.Printf("Generated address 2 %s\n", gen2Response.Address)
	toAddr := gen2Response.Address

	// Get the suggested transaction parameters
	txParams, err := algodClient.SuggestedParams()
        if err != nil {
                fmt.Printf("error getting suggested tx params: %s\n", err)
                return
        }

	// Make transaction
	genID := txParams.GenesisID
	tx, err := transaction.MakePaymentTxn(fromAddr, toAddr, 1, 100, 300, 400, nil, "", genID)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Error creating transaction: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	// Sign the transaction
	signResponse, err := kmdClient.SignTransaction(exampleWalletHandleToken, "testpassword", tx)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Failed to sign transaction with kmd: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	fmt.Printf("kmd made signed transaction with bytes: %x\n", signResponse.SignedTransaction)

	// Broadcast the transaction to the network
	// Note that this transaction will get rejected because the accounts do not have any tokens
	sendResponse, err := algodClient.SendRawTransaction(signResponse.SignedTransaction)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("failed to send transaction: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	fmt.Printf("Transaction ID: %s\n", sendResponse.TxID)
}

Sign a transaction offline

The following example shows how to create a transaction and sign it offline. You can also create the tranasaction online and then sign it offline.

package main

import (
	"encoding/gob"
	"fmt"
	"os"

	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/mnemonic"

	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/crypto"
	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/transaction"
)

func main() {

	account := crypto.GenerateAccount()
	fmt.Printf("account address: %s\n", account.Address)

	m, err := mnemonic.FromPrivateKey(account.PrivateKey)
	fmt.Printf("backup phrase = %s\n", m)
	// Sign a sample transaction using this library, *not* kmd
	//This transaction will not be valid as the example parameters will most likely not be valid
	//You can use the algod client to get suggested values for the fee, first and last rounds, and genesisID
	tx, err := transaction.MakePaymentTxn(account.Address.String(), "4MYUHDWHWXAKA5KA7U5PEN646VYUANBFXVJNONBK3TIMHEMWMD4UBOJBI4", 1000, 400, 642715, 643715, nil, "", "")
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Error creating transaction: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	fmt.Printf("Made unsigned transaction: %+v\n", tx)
	fmt.Println("Signing transaction with go-algo-sdk library function (not kmd)")
	//Sign the Transaction
	txid, stx, err := crypto.SignTransaction(account.PrivateKey, tx)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Failed to sign transaction: %s\n", err)
		return
	}
	//Save the signed object to disk
	fmt.Printf("Made signed transaction with TxID %s: %x\n", txid, stx)
	file, err := os.Create("./stx.gob")
	if err == nil {
		encoder := gob.NewEncoder(file)
		encoder.Encode(stx)
	}
	file.Close()
	if err == nil {
		fmt.Printf("Saved signed transaction to file\n")
		return
	}
	fmt.Printf("Failed in saving trx to file, error %s\n", err)

}

Submit the transaction from a file

This example takes the output from the previous example (file containing signed transaction) and submits it to Algod process of a node.

package main

import (
	"encoding/gob"
	"fmt"
	"os"

	"github.com/algorand/go-algorand-sdk/client/algod"
)

// CHANGE ME
const algodAddress = "http://localhost:8080"
const algodToken = "f1dee49e36a82face92fdb21cd3d340a1b369925cd12f3ee7371378f1665b9b1"

func main() {

	var signedTransaction []byte
	file, err := os.Open("./stx.gob")
	if err == nil {
		decoder := gob.NewDecoder(file)
		err = decoder.Decode(&signedTransaction)
	}else{
		fmt.Printf("failed to open signed transaction: %s\n", err)
		return	
	}
	file.Close()
	// Create an algod client
	algodClient, err := algod.MakeClient(algodAddress, algodToken)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("failed to make algod client: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	// Broadcast the transaction to the network
	sendResponse, err := algodClient.SendRawTransaction(signedTransaction)
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("failed to send transaction: %s\n", err)
		return
	}

	fmt.Printf("Transaction ID: %s\n", sendResponse.TxID)
}

Manipulating multisig transactions

Here, we first create a simple multisig payment transaction, with three public identities and a threshold of 2:

addr1, _ := types.DecodeAddress("DN7MBMCL5JQ3PFUQS7TMX5AH4EEKOBJVDUF4TCV6WERATKFLQF4MQUPZTA")
addr2, _ := types.DecodeAddress("BFRTECKTOOE7A5LHCF3TTEOH2A7BW46IYT2SX5VP6ANKEXHZYJY77SJTVM")
addr3, _ := types.DecodeAddress("47YPQTIGQEO7T4Y4RWDYWEKV6RTR2UNBQXBABEEGM72ESWDQNCQ52OPASU")
ma, err := crypto.MultisigAccountWithParams(1, 2, []types.Address{
	addr1,
	addr2,
	addr3,
})
if err != nil {
	panic("invalid multisig parameters")
}
fromAddr, _ := ma.Address()
txn, err := transaction.MakePaymentTxn(
	fromAddr.String(),
	"INSERTTOADDRESHERE",
	10,     // fee per byte
	10000,  // amount
	100000, // first valid round
	101000, // last valid round
	nil,    // note
	"",     // closeRemainderTo
	"",     // genesisID
)
txid, txBytes, err := crypto.SignMultisigTransaction(secretKey, ma, txn)
if err != nil {
	panic("could not sign multisig transaction")
}
fmt.Printf("Made partially-signed multisig transaction with TxID %s: %x\n", txid, txBytes)

Now, we can write the returned bytes to disk:

_ := ioutil.WriteFile("./arbitrary_file.tx", txBytes, 0644)

And read them back in:

readTxBytes, _ := ioutil.ReadFile("./arbitrary_file.tx")

Now, we can append another signature, to hit the threshold. Note that this SDK forces new signers to know the parameters of the multisig - after all, we don't want to sign things without knowing the identity of the multi-signature.

// as before
addr1, _ := types.DecodeAddress("DN7MBMCL5JQ3PFUQS7TMX5AH4EEKOBJVDUF4TCV6WERATKFLQF4MQUPZTA")
addr2, _ := types.DecodeAddress("BFRTECKTOOE7A5LHCF3TTEOH2A7BW46IYT2SX5VP6ANKEXHZYJY77SJTVM")
addr3, _ := types.DecodeAddress("47YPQTIGQEO7T4Y4RWDYWEKV6RTR2UNBQXBABEEGM72ESWDQNCQ52OPASU")
ma, _ := crypto.MultisigAccountWithParams(1, 2, []types.Address{
	addr1,
	addr2,
	addr3,
})
// append our signature to readTxBytes
txid, twoOfThreeTxBytes, err := crypto.AppendMultisigTransaction(secretKey, ma, readTxBytes)
if err != nil {
	panic("could not append signature to multisig transaction")
}
fmt.Printf("Made 2-out-of-3 multisig transaction with TxID %s: %x\n", txid, twoOfThreeTxBytes)

We can also merge raw, partially-signed multisig transactions:

otherTxBytes := ... // generate another raw multisig transaction somehow
txid, mergedTxBytes, err := crypto.MergeMultisigTransactions(twoOfThreeTxBytes, otherTxBytes)
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