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A Makefile for Arduino Sketches

This is a very simple Makefile which knows how to build Arduino sketches.

Until March 2012, this was simply posted on my website where you can still find what documentation exists.

If you're using Debian or Ubuntu, you can find this in the arduino-mk package.

Important Changes, 2012-04-29

I've rejigged the path calculations so that:

  1. Few, if any paths, need to specified in the project specific Makefiles.

  2. The paths can be grabber from the environment e.g. set up in a user's .bashrc.

  3. It should be easier to move between e.g. Mac and Linux.

I'm indebted to Christopher Peplin for making me think about this, and indeed for contributing code which did similar things in different ways.

The upshot of all this is that you'll need to set up some variables if you want this to work:

On the Mac you might want to set:

ARDUINO_DIR   = /Applications/
ARDMK_DIR     = /usr/local

On Linux, you might prefer:

ARDUINO_DIR   = /usr/share/arduino
ARDMK_DIR     = /usr/local

The Makefile also delegates resetting the board to a short Perl program. You'll need to install Device::SerialPort to use it though. You'll also need the YAML library to run ard-parse-boards.

On Debian or Ubuntu:

   apt-get install libdevice-serial-perl
   apt-get install libyaml-perl

On Fedora:

   yum install perl-Device-SerialPort
   yum install perl-YAML

On Mac using MacPorts:

   sudo port install p5-device-serialport
   sudo port install p5-YAML

  and use /opt/local/bin/perl5 instead of /usr/bin/perl

On other systems:

   cpanm Device::SerialPort
   cpanm YAML

User Libraries

In order to use Arduino libraries installed in the user's sketchbook folder (the standard location for custom libraries when using the Arduino IDE), you need to set the ARDUINO_SKETCHBOOK variable to point to this directory. By default it is set to $HOME/sketchbook.