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Check that your Puppet manifest conform to the style guide
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README.md

Puppet-lint

Build
Status Dependency
Status

The goal of this project is to implement as many of the recommended Puppet style guidelines from the Puppet Labs style guide as practical.

Installation

gem install puppet-lint

Testing your manifests

By hand

You can test a single manifest file by running

puppet-lint <path to file>

Rake task

If you want to test your entire Puppet manifest directory, you can add require 'puppet-lint/tasks/puppet-lint' to your Rakefile and then run

rake lint

Implemented tests

At the moment, the following tests have been implemented:

Spacing, Indentation & Whitespace

  • Must use two-space soft tabs.
  • Must not use literal tab characters.
  • Must not contain trailing white space.
  • Should not exceed an 80 character line width
    • An exception has been made for source => 'puppet://...' lines as splitting these over multiple lines decreases the readability of the manifests.
  • Should align arrows (=>) within blocks of attributes.

Quoting

  • All strings that do not contain variables should be enclosed in single quotes.
    • An exception has been made for double quoted strings containing \n or \t.
  • All strings that contain variables must be enclosed in double quotes.
  • All variables should be enclosed in braces when interpolated in a string.
  • Variables standing by themselves should not be quoted.

Resources

  • All resource titles should be quoted.
  • If a resource declaration includes an ensure attribute, it should be the first attribute specified.
  • Symbolic links should be declared by using an ensure value of link and explicitly specifying a value for the target attribute.
  • File modes should be represented as a 4 digit string enclosed in single quotes or use symbolic file modes.

Conditionals

  • You should not intermingle conditionals inside resource declarations (i.e. selectors inside resources).
  • Case statements should have a default case.

Classes

  • Relationship declarations with the chaining syntax should only be used in the 'left to right' direction.
  • Classes should not be defined inside a class.
  • Defines should not be defined inside a class.
  • Classes should not inherit between namespaces.
  • Required parameters in class & defined type definitions should be listed before optional parameters.
  • When using top-scope variables, including facts, Puppet modules should explicitly specify the empty namespace.

Fixing problems

right_to_left_relationship

WARNING: right-to-left (<-) relationship on line X

While right to left relationships are perfectly valid, it's highly recommended that you don't use them as most people think and read from left to right and this can lead to confusion.

Bad:

Service['httpd'] <- Package['httpd']

Good:

Package['httpd'] -> Service['httpd']

autoloader_layout

ERROR: mymodule::myclass not in autoload module layout on line X

Puppet attempts to autoload only the required manifests for the resources and classes specified in your manifests. In order to do this, the autoloader expects your manifests to be layed out on disk in a particular format. For example, when you use mymodule::myclass in your manifests, Puppet will attempt to read <modulepath>/mymodule/manifests/myclass.pp. The only exception to this is when you reference mymodule itself (without any subclass/subtype) in which case it will read <modulepath>/mymodule/manifests/init.pp.

parameter_order

WARNING: optional parameter listed before required parameter on line X

In parameterised class and defined type definitions, parameters that are required should be listed before optional parameters (those with default values).

Bad:

class foo($bar='baz', $gronk) {

Good:

class foo($gronk, $bar='baz') {

inherits_across_namespaces

Placeholder

nested_classes_or_defines

Placeholder

variable_scope

Placeholder

selector_inside_resource

Placeholder

case_without_default

Placeholder

unquoted_resource_title

Placeholder

ensure_first_param

Placeholder

unquoted_file_mode

Placeholder

4digit_file_mode

Placeholder

ensure_not_symlink_target

Placeholder

double_quoted_strings

Placeholder

only_variable_string

Placeholder

variables_not_enclosed

Placeholder

single_quote_string_with_variables

Placeholder

quoted_booleans

Placeholder

variable_contains_dash

Placeholder

hard_tabs

Placeholder

trailing_whitespace

Placeholder

80chars

Placeholder

2sp_soft_tabs

Placeholder

arrow_alignment

Placeholder

Disabling checks

puppet-lint

You can disable any of the checks when running the puppet-lint command by adding a --no-<check name>-check flag to the command. For example, if you wanted to skip the 80 character check, you would run

puppet-lint --no-80chars-check /path/to/my/manifest.pp

puppet-lint will also check for a .puppet-lintrc file in the current directory and your home directory and read in flags from there, so if you wanted to always skip the hard tab character check, you could create ~./puppet-lintrc containing

--no-hard_tabs-check

For a list of all the flags just type:

puppet-lint --help

Rake task

You can also disable checks when running puppet-lint through the supplied Rake task. Simply add the following line after the require statement in your Rakefile.

PuppetLint.configuration.send("disable_<check name")

So, to disable the 80 character check, you would add:

PuppetLint.configuration.send("disable_80chars")

The Rake task also supports ignoring certain paths from being linted:

PuppetLint.configuration.ignore_paths = ["vendor/**/*.pp"]

Reporting bugs or incorrect results

If you find a bug in puppet-lint or its results, please create an issue in the repo issues tracker. Bonus points will be awarded if you also include a patch that fixes the issue.

Thank You

Many thanks to the following people for contributing to puppet-lint

  • James Turnbull (@kartar)
  • Jan Vansteenkiste (@vStone)
  • Julian Simpson (@simpsonjulian)
  • S. Zachariah Sprackett (@zsprackett)

As well as the many people who have reported the issues they've had!

License

Copyright (c) 2011 Tim Sharpe

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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