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# Implementing Linear Regression manually
# y = mx + b
# m is slope, b is y-intercept
# import all the libraries here
from numpy import *
#import numpy as np
def step_gradient(b_current, m_current, points, learningRate):
b_gradient = 0
m_gradient = 0
N = float(len(points))
for i in range(0, len(points)):
x = points[i, 0]
y = points[i, 1]
b_gradient += -(2/N) * (y - ((m_current * x) + b_current))
m_gradient += -(2/N) * x * (y - ((m_current * x) + b_current))
new_b = b_current - (learningRate * b_gradient)
new_m = m_current - (learningRate * m_gradient)
return [new_b, new_m]
def gradient_descent_runner(points, starting_b, starting_m, learning_rate, num_iterations):
b = starting_b
m = starting_m
for i in range(num_iterations):
b, m = step_gradient(b, m, array(points), learning_rate)
return [b, m]
def compute_error_for_line_given_points(b, m, points):
totalError = 0
for i in range(0, len(points)):
x = points[i, 0]
y = points[i, 1]
totalError += (y - (m * x + b)) ** 2
return totalError / float(len(points))
def run():
points = genfromtxt("input/data.csv", delimiter=",")
learning_rate = 0.0001
initial_b = 0 # initial y-intercept guess
initial_m = 0 # initial slope guess
num_iterations = 1000
print ("Starting gradient descent at b = {0}, m = {1}, error = {2}".format(initial_b, initial_m, compute_error_for_line_given_points(initial_b, initial_m, points)))
print ("Running...")
[b, m] = gradient_descent_runner(points, initial_b, initial_m, learning_rate, num_iterations)
print ("After {0} iterations b = {1}, m = {2}, error = {3}".format(num_iterations, b, m, compute_error_for_line_given_points(b, m, points)))
if __name__ == '__main__':
run()