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My thanks are due to Mr. Surendranath Tagore, who very kindly made the final corrections and revisions for this translation. Any merits it possesses are due to his painstaking efforts to rectify my mistakes.—TRANSLATOR.
It was the rainy season in Calcutta; the morning clouds had scattered, and the sky overflowed with clear sunlight. Binoy-bhusan was standing alone on the upper verandah of his house, watching in leisurely idleness the constant ebb and flow of the passers-by. He had finished his college course some time before, but had not yet started any regular work. He had written a little for the papers, it is true, and had organised meetings,—but this had not satisfied his mind. And now, this morning, for want of anything in particular to do, he was beginning to feel restless. In front of the shop opposite, a Bāul mendicant was stand- ing, dressed in the motley robe of those wandering minstrels, and singing : Into the cage flies the unknown bird, It comes I know not whence. Powerless my mind to chain its feet, It goes I know not where. Binoy felt that he would like to call the Bāul upstairs and take down this song about the unknown bird. But, just as in the middle of the night, when it turns suddenly cold, it is too much exertion to reach for an extra blanket, so the Bāul remained uncalled, the song of the unknown bird remained unwritten, and only its strains kept echoing through Binoy's mind. Just then an accident occurred in front of his house. A hackney-cab was run into by a grand carriage and pair, which went off at full speed taking no notice of the half-overturned gharry which it had left in its trail. Running out into the street, Binoy saw a young girl getting out from the cab, and an oldish gentleman trying to descend. He rushed to their assistance, and seeing how pale the old man looked, he asked him : “ You are not hurt, sir, I hope ?”
“No, it's nothing,” he answered with an attempt to laugh it off, but his smile died away and it was easy to see that he was on the point of fainting. Binoy seized hold of his arm, and turning to the anxious girl, said: “This is my house, just here, do come in." When they had placed the old gentleman on a bed, the girl looked round for some water, and taking a pitcher sprinkled some on his face and began to fan him, saying meanwhile to Binoy : “ Can you send for a doctor ?" As a doctor lived near by, Binoy sent off his servant at once to call him. There was a mirror in the room, and standing behind the girl Binoy gazed at her reflection. From childhood he had been busy with his studies in his Calcutta home, and what little knowledge he had of the world he had gained from books. He had never known any womenfolk outside his own family circle, and the picture he now saw in the mirror fascinated him. He was not skilled in scrutinising the details of feminine features, but in that youthful face, bowed in affectionate anxiety, it seemed to Binoy as if a new world of tender brightness had been unfolded before him. When, after a while, the old man opened his eyes and sighed, the girl bent down towards him and asked in a tremulous whisper : “Father, are you hurt ?” “Where am I ?" asked the old man, attempting to sit up. But Binoy hastened to his side saying: “Don't move, please, till the doctor comes." As he was speaking the doctor's footsteps were heard, and presently he entered. But as, on examining the patient, he found nothing seriously wrong, he left after prescribing some brandy to be given with warm milk. On his departure the girl's father showed signs of agitation and concern, but his daughter, guessing the cause, quieted him with the assurance that she would send on the doctor's fee and the cost of the medicine when they got home. She then turned to Binoy. What wonderful eyes ! It never occurred to him to ask whether they were large or small, black or brown. At the very first glance they gave an impression of sincerity. They had no trace of either shyness or hesitation, but were full of a serene strength. Binoy ventured haltingly : “Oh! the doctor's fee is nothing—you need not trouble—I-I will — ” But the girl's eyes, which were on him, not only prevented
him from finishing his sentence, but made it certain that he would have to accept the cost of the doctor's visit. When the old man protested against sending for the brandy, his daughter insisted, saying : “ But, father, the doctor ordered it!” To this he replied : “ Doctors have a bad habit of ordering brandy on the slightest pretext. A glass of milk will be quite enough for my little weakness." And after drinking some milk he turned to Binoy and said : “ Now we must be going. We have put you to a lot of trouble, I'm afraid.” The girl now asked for a cab, but her father exclaimed diffidently : “Why put him to more inconvenience ? Our house is so close that I can easily walk.” But she refused to allow this, and as her father did not persist, Binoy himself went to call a cab. Before leaving, the old gentleman asked the name of his host, and on being told “ Binoy-bhusan Chatterji,” he gave his own in return as “ Paresh-chandra Bhattacharya,” saying that he lived close by, at No. 78 in the same street. He added : “Whenever you have time to spare, we shall be delighted if you will call.” And the eyes of the girl gave a silent consent to this invitation. Binoy felt that he wanted to accompany them home then and there, but as he was not quite sure whether that would be good manners, he stood hesitating, and just as their carriage was about to start, the girl gave a slight bow, which took Binoy so unawares that in his confusion he omitted to return the salutation. Back in his room, Binoy reproached himself again and again for this trifling omission. He mentally reviewed every detail of his behaviour from the time he had met them to the moment of parting, and he felt that from start to finish his manners had been atrocious. What he ought to have done and what he ought not to have done, what he ought to have said and what he ought not to have said, in the different situations, he was trying in vain to settle in his mind, when his eyes suddenly fell on a handkerchief which the girl had been using and had left lying on the bed. As he hurriedly snatched it up the refrain of that Bāul's song haunted him : Into the cage flies the unknown bird, It comes I know not whence. The hours passed and the sun's heat became intense. The stream of gbarries began to flow swiftly officewards, but
Binoy could not give his mind to any work that day. His tiny home and the ugly city that surrounded it suddenly seemed to him an abode of illusion. The flaming radiance of the July sun burnt into his brain and coursed through his veins,--screening from his inner mind all the pettiness of his everyday life with a curtain of blazing light. Just then he noticed a seven- or eight-year-old boy standing outside peering at the numbers on the doors. Somehow he had not the least doubt that it was his house the boy was looking for, so he called out to him : “ This is the house all right," and, quickly running down into the street, almost dragged the little fellow indoors. He eagerly scanned the boy's face as he handed him a letter, on which he saw his name written in English in a woman's clear hand. The boy said : “My sister sent me with this.” The envelope contained no letter, only some money. The boy then turned to go, but Binoy insisted on taking him upstairs to his room. He was darker than his sister, but still there was a strong resemblance, and Binoy, with a sense of gladness at heart, felt greatly attracted to him. The youngster was clearly quite self-possessed, for on entering the room he pointed to a portrait hanging on the wall and asked : “ Whose picture is that?” “ It is the picture of a friend of mine," replied Binoy. “A friend's picture !” exclaimed the boy. “Who is he ? » “Oh, you won't know him," said Binoy, laughing. “His name is Gourmohan. But I call him Gora. We've been to school together ever since we were children.” “Do you still go to school ?" “No, I've finished with my studies." “ Have you really ? Finished your ?” Binoy could not resist the temptation of winning the admiration of this little messenger, and said: “Yes, I've finished everything !” The boy looked at him in wide-eyed wonder and gave a sigh. He doubtless thought that some day he too would attain to such heights of learning. On being asked his name the boy replied : “My name is Master Satish-chandra Mukerji." “Mukerji ?” repeated Binoy blankly. They were fast friends in no time, and Binoy soon found out that Paresh Babu was not their own father, but had brought them up from childhood. The sister's name had
formerly been Radharani, but Paresh Babu's wife had changed it to the less aggressively orthodox name of Sucharita. When Satish was about to go, Binoy asked him: “ Can you go all alone?” to which the little fellow answered with injured pride : “I always do !” When Binoy said : “ Let me see you home,” he became quite distressed at such a slight on his manliness, and said : “Why should you? I can easily get along by myself,' and he began to give all kinds of pre- cedents to show how usual it was for him to go about alone. Why Binoy should nevertheless insist on going with him to the door of his house was more than the boy could fathom. Further, when Satish asked him to come in with him Binoy resolutely refused, saying: “No, not now. I will come another day.” On returning home Binoy took out the envelope and read and re-read the address written on it so minutely that he soon knew every stroke and flourish of it by heart. Then he placed it, together with the contents, in his box with such care,-one could feel sure that there was no chance of this money ever being used, even in the direst emergency. CHAPTER II On a dark evening, during the rains, the sky lowered heavy with its load of moisture. Beneath the silent sway of the dull, drab stretch of cloud, the city of Calcutta lay motionless like a huge disconsolate dog curled up with its head resting on its tail. Since the previous night it had been drizzling steadily, persistently enough to make the streets muddy, yet not with sufficient determination to wash the mud away. The rain had ceased at four o'clock that afternoon, but still the clouds looked threatening. It was in this gloomy state of the weather, when it was as unpleasant to stay indoors as it was unsafe to venture out, that two young men were seated on wicker stools on the damp roof-terrace of a three-storied building. On this terrace, when they had been small, these two friends had played together on return from school; before their examinations it was here that they had loudly committed their lessons to memory, pacing up and down as though in a frenzy; and in the hot weather it was here that they used to take their evening meals on returning from college, often
arguing till two o'clock in the morning, waking up startled when the sun arose to find that they had fallen asleep together on the mat. When they had no more college examinations to pass then it was on this roof that the meetings of the Hindu Patriots' Society were held once a month with one of the friends as Chairman and the other as Secretary The name of the Chairman was Gourmohan, called by his friends and his relations Gora. He seemed to have utterly outgrown all around him. One of his college Professors used to call him the Snow Mountain, for he was outrageously white, his complexion unmellowed by even the slightest tinge of pigment. He was nearly six feet tall, with big bones, and fists like the paws of a tiger. The sound of his voice was so deep and rough that you would be startled if you suddenly heard him call out, “Who is there?” His face seemed need- lessly large and excessively strong, the bones of his jaws and chin being like the massive bolts of a fortress. He had practically no eyebrows, his forehead sloping broadly to the ears. His lips were thin and compressed, his nose projecting over them like a sword. His eyes, small but keen, seemed to be aimed at some unseen distant object like the point of an arrow, yet able to turn in a flash to strike something near at hand. Gourmohan was not exactly good-looking, but it was impossible to overlook him, for he would have been conspicuous in any company. His friend Binoy was modest and yet bright, like the ordinary run of educated Bengali gentlemen. The delicacy of his nature and the keenness of his intellect combined to give a special quality to the expression of his face. At college he always got high marks and won scholarships, while Gora had been quite unable to keep pace with him, not having the same taste for reading. He could not understand things so quickly as Binoy, nor had he such a good memory. So Binoy, as his faithful steed, had to bear Gora along with himself through all their college examinations. This was the conversation which engrossed the two friends that wet August evening. “Let me tell you," Gora was saying. “When Abinash abused the Brahmos the other day, it only showed what a healthy moral vigour he enjoys. What made you flare up at him like that?" “What nonsense ! ” replied Binoy. “Surely there can be no two opinions about his taste!” “ If you think so, the evil must be in your own thoughts.
You cannot expect of society that while some of its renegade members are trying to overturn it, by insisting on doing just as they please, it should calmly look on, making sweetly reasonable allowances. Society is naturally bound to mis- understand such people and regard as crooked that which they might be doing quite sincerely. If society cannot help looking upon their 'good' as evil, that is but one of the many penalties which must fall on those who wilfully flout it." " It may be natural,” said Binoy, “but I cannot agree that all that is natural is good.” "Oh, bother the good!” broke out Gora. “ The world is welcome to the few really good people it may contain. For me, let the rest be but natural ! Otherwise work would not get on, nor would life be worth living. If people want to pose sanctimoniously as Brahmos, they must be ready to put up with the little inconvenience of being misunderstood and abused by non-Brahmos. To have your opponents' applause while you strut about like a peacock, is too much to ask of this world,-if that did happen, the world would be a mighty poor place.” “ I have no objection to any sector party being re- viled,” explained Binoy. “But when the abuse becomes personal — ” “What is the point in reviling the sect? That only amounts to criticising their opinions. I want to show, up individuals. As for you, O saint, have you never indulged in personalities yourself ?” * Indeed I have,” avowed Binoy. “Very often, I am afraid. And I am heartily ashamed of it too.” “No, Binoy!” exclaimed Gora with a sudden excitement. “ This will not do. Never !” Binoy was silent for a moment. “Why, what is the matter ?” he asked at length. “What alarms you ?” “I see clearly enough that you are treading the path of weakness.” “ Weakness indeed !” Binoy exclaimed irritably. “ You know well enough that I could go to their house this very moment if I wanted to—they have even invited meand yet you see I do not go.” “Yes, I know. But you never seem able to forget that you are keeping away. Day and night you are harping on it to yourself: 'I do not go. I do not go !' Better far to go and be done with it!”
“Do you seriously mean to advise me to go, then ? " asked Binoy. Gora thumped his knee as he replied : “No, I do not advise you to go. I can put it down in black and white that the day you do go to their house, you will go over there completely. The very next day you will begin to take your meals with them; and then down goes your name as a militant preacher of the Brahmo Samaj ! ” “ Indeed! and what next, pray ?” smiled Binoy. “What next?” rejoined Gora bitterly. “There is no ' next' after you are dead and gone from your own world. You, the son of a Brahmin, will throw away all sense of restraint and purity and will end by being thrown on the refuse heap like some dead animal. Like a pilot with a broken compass you will lose your bearings, and it will gradually seem mere superstition and narrowness to guide the ship into port,—your idea of the best method of navigation will be reduced to drifting anyhow. But I have not the patience to go on bandying words with you. So I simply say: go and be done with it, if you must. But do not keep racking our nerves by this continual hesitation on the brink of inferno.” Binoy burst out laughing. “ The patient who has been given up by the doctor does not necessarily die,” said he. “I cannot detect any sign of my approaching end." “You cannot ?" sneered Gora. No." “ You don't find your pulse failing ?” “By no means. There's plenty of strength left in it yet.” “ It doesn't seem to you that if a certain fair hand were to serve you the food of an outcaste, that might make it a feast fit for the gods ?” “That will do, Gora !” said Binoy, blushing deeply. “ Shut up!” “Why?” protested Gora. “I intended no insult. The fair lady in question does not pride herself on being invisible even to the sun.'1 If the least allusion to her tender petal of a hand, which any male person is at liberty to shake, strikes you as a desecration, then indeed you're as good as lost ! ” “Look here, Gora, I reverence Woman, and in our scrip- tures also— “Don't quote scripture in support of the kind of sentiment you feel. That's not called reverence, but goes by another 1 A Sanskrit phrase for those women who observe very strict purdah.
name which it would make you still angrier to hear me mention." “ It pleases you to be dogmatic,” said Binoy with a shrug. “ The scriptures tell us,” persisted Gora, "that Woman is deserving of worship because she gives light to the home,- the honour which is given her by English custom, because she sets fire to the hearts of men, had better not be termed worship." “Would you contemptuously dismiss a great idea because it occasionally gets clouded over ? " asked Binoy. “ Binu," answered Gora impatiently. “ Now that you have clearly lost your own power of judgement you ought to be guided by me. I affirm that all the exaggerated language about women that you find in English books has at bottom merely desire. The altar at which Woman may be truly worshipped is her place as Mother, the seat of the pure, right- minded Lady of the House. There is some insult hidden in the praise of those who remove her from there. The cause of your mind hovering about Paresh Babu's house, like a moth round a candle, is in plain language what the English call * Love'; but for God's sake don't ape the English cult by placing this love above all other considerations, as the one object of man's worship.” Binoy jumped up like a fresh horse under a whip. “Enough, enough !” he cried. “You go too far, Gora !” “ Too far?” retorted Gora. “I haven't even come to the point yet. Simply because our sense of reality about the true relations of man and woman is bemisted by passion, we needs must make it a subject for poetising." “If it is our passion which besmirches our idea of the right relationship of man and woman, is the foreigner alone to blame? Is it not the same passion which leads our moralists to exaggerated vehemence when they preach that woman is an evil to be shunned ? These are merely two opposite aspects of the same attitude of mind in two different types. If you abuse the one, it will not do to excuse the other.” “I misunderstood you, I see !” smiled Gora. “Your con- dition is not so hopeless as I feared. So long as philosophy finds scope in your brain, you may make love without fear. But take care that you save yourself before it is too late,- that is the prayer of your well-wishers.” “ You have gone quite crazy, my dear fellow ! ” Binoy expostulated. "What have I to do with love? To ease your mind I will confess that, from what I have heard and
seen of Paresh Babu and his family, I have come to entertain a great respect for them. Maybe, for that reason, I have a certain attraction for seeing what their home life is like.” “ Attraction' let it be, if you prefer it; but of that attraction you must beware. What harm if your zoological researches remain uncompleted ? This much is certain, that they belong to the genus.predatory; and if your studies lead you too near them, you will go so far in that not even the tip of your tail will be visible.” "You have one great fault, Gora," objected Binoy. “You seem to believe that all the strength God had to give was bestowed on you alone, and that the rest of us are mere weaklings." This remark seemed to strike Gora with the force of a new idea. “Right!” he shouted, giving Binoy an enthusiastic thump on the back. “Quite right! That is a great fault of mine.” “Lord !” groaned Binoy. “You have a still greater fault, Gora, and that is your utter inability to estimate the force of concussion which the ordinary spinal cord is able to bear.” At this moment Gora's elder stepbrother, Mohim, came upstairs, stout and panting, and called out, “ Gora ! ” Gora at once left his seat and stood up respectfully as he answered, “Sir?” “I just came," said Mohim, “to see if the thunder-clouds had burst on our roof. What's the excitement to-day ? I suppose by now you have driven the English half-way across the Indian Ocean! I haven't noticed much loss to the Englishmen, but your sister-in-law below is lying in bed with a headache, and your leonine roaring is somewhat of a trial to her.” With this Mohim left them and went back downstairs. CHAPTER III Just as Gora and Binoy were about to go down from the roof, Gora's mother arrived there, and Binoy respectfully saluted her, taking the dust of her feet. To see Anandamoyi no one would think she was Gora's mother. She had a slender but well-knit figure; and though her hair was grey in places, it did not show. At first sight you would take her for under forty. The curves of her face
were very tender, seemingly chiselled by a master hand with the utmost care. Her spare contour was devoid of all exag- geration, and her face had the impress of a pure and keen intelligence. Her complexion was dark, without the least resemblance to that of Gora. One thing about her struck all her acquaintances, namely, that with her sari she wore a bodice. At the time of which we are speaking, though certain modern young women had begun to adopt it as part of their dress, ladies of the old school looked askance at the wearing of a bodice as savouring of Christianity. Anandamoyi's husband, Krishnadayal Babu, had held a post in the Com- missariat Department, and Anandamoyi had spent most of her days with him, from childhood, away from Bengal. So she had not the idea that to cover the body properly was a matter to be ashamed of, or to laugh at. In spite of her devotion to household work, from scrubbing the floors and doing the washing to sewing, mending, and keeping the accounts, and her practical interest in all the members of her own family as well as those of her neighbours, she never seemed too fully occupied. Anandamoyi acknowledged Binoy's salutation, saying : “When Gora's voice reaches down to us below, then we are certain that Binu has come. The house has been so quiet all these days that I was wondering what was the matter with you, child. Why haven't you been for so long ? Have you been ill ?” "No," replied Binoy rather hesitatingly. “No, mother, I've not been ill, but just think of the heavy rain !”, “ Rain indeed!” broke in Gora. “And when the rainy season is over Binoy will make the sun his excuse! If you put the blame on the outside elements they cannot defend themselves, but the real reason is known to his inner conscience.” “What nonsense you talk, Gora ! ” protested Binoy. “ That's true, child," agreed Anandamoyi. “ Gora shouldn't have put it like that. The mind has its moods, sometimes sociable, sometimes downcast, it cannot always be the same. It is wrong to tax people about it. Come, Binoy, come to my room and have something to eat. I have kept your favourite sweetmeats ready for you." Gora shook his head vehemently as he said : “No, no, mother, none of that, please! I cannot allow Binoy to eat in your room." “ Don't be absurd, Gora,” said Anandamoyi. “I never
ask you to do so. And as for your father, he has become so orthodox that he will eat nothing not cooked by his own hands. But Binu is my good boy; he's not a bigot like you, and you surely do not want to prevent him by force from doing what he thinks right?” “Yes, I do!” answered Gora. “I must insist on it. It is impossible to take food in your room so long as you keep on that Christian maidservant Lachmi.” “Oh, Gora dear, how can you bring yourself to utter such words !” exclaimed Anandamoyi, greatly distressed. “Have you not all along eaten food from her hand, for it was she who nursed you and brought you up ? Only till quite lately, you could not relish your food without the chutney prepared by her. Besides, can I ever forget how she saved your life, when you had smallpox, by her devoted nursing ? ” “Then pension her off,” said Gora impatiently. “Buy her some land and build a cottage for her ; but you must not keep her in the house, mother ! ” * Gora, do you think that every debt can be paid off with money ?” said Anandamoyi. “She wants neither land nor cash; she only wants to see you, or she will die." “ Then keep her if you like," said Gora resignedly. “ But Binoy must not eat in your room. Scriptural rules must be accepted as final. Mother, I wonder that you, the daughter of such a great Pandit, should have no care for our orthodox customs. This is too- “Oh, Gora, you silly boy!" smiled Anandamoyi. “ There was a time when this mother of yours was very careful about observing all these customs; and at the cost of many a tear too!-Where were you then? Daily I used to worship the emblem of Shiva, made by my own hands, and your father used to come and throw it away in a fury. In those days I even felt uncomfortable if I ate rice cooked by any and every Brahmin. We had but little of railways then, and through many a long day I have had to fast when travelling by bullock- cart, or on a camel, or in a palanquin. Your father won the approbation of his English masters because of his unorthodox habit of taking his wife wherever he travelled; for that he gained promotion, and was allowed to stay at headquarters instead of being kept constantly on the move. But for all that, do you think he found it an easy matter to break my orthodox habits ? Now that he has retired in his old age with a heap of savings, he has suddenly turned orthodox and intolerant,-but I cannot follow him in his somersaults. The
traditions of seven generations of my ancestors were uprooted, one by one, do you think they can now be replanted at a word ?" “Well, well," answered Gora, “ leave aside your ancestors -they are not making objections. But surely out of regard for us you must agree to certain things. Even if you do not regard the scriptures, you ought to respect the claims of love." “ Need you explain these claims with so much insistence ?” asked Anandamoyi wearily. “Do I not know only too well what they mean? What happiness can it be for me, at every step I take, to come into collision with husband and child ? But do you know that it was when I first took you in my arms that I said good-bye to convention ? When you hold a little child to your breast then you feel certain that no one is born into this world with caste. From that very day the understanding came to me that if I looked down upon any one for being of low caste, or a Christian, then God would snatch you away from me. Only stay in my arms as the light of my home, I prayed, and I will accept water from the hands of any one in the world !” At these words of Anandamoyi, for the first time, a vague disquiet flitted across Binoy's mind, and he glanced quickly from Anandamoyi to Gora's face. But he immediately banished all shadow of doubt from his thoughts. Gora also seemed perplexed. “Mother," he said, “I don't follow your reasoning. Children find no difficulty in living and thriving in the homes of those who obey the scriptures-. who put the idea in your head that God has given some special dispensation in your case ?” “He who gave you to me also inspired me with this idea." answered Anandamoyi. “What could I do? I had no hand in the matter. Oh, my dear crazy boy, I don't know whether to laugh or to cry at your foolishness. But never mind, let it be. So Binoy is not to be allowed to eat in my room-is that the latest ?" “If he gets an opportunity he will dart off like an arrow," laughed Gora, “and he's got the appetite too! But mother, I am not going to let him. He is the son of a Brahmin. It won't do to make him forget his responsibilities for the sake of a few sweetmeats. He will have to make many sacrifices, to exercise severe self-control, before becoming worthy of his glorious birthright. But, mother, don't be angry with me, I beg by the dust of your dear feet.”
“What an idea !” exclaimed Anandamoyi. “Why should I be angry? You know not what you do, let me tell you that much. It is my sorrow that I should have brought you up, and yet—anyhow, however that may be, it is impossible for me to accept what you call your religion. What if you will not eat in my room, it is enough for me that I should have you with me mornings and evenings.—Binoy dear, don't look so sad. You are too sensitive; you think that I am hurt, but I am not really. Don't worry, child! I shall invite you some other day and have your food prepared by a regular Brahmin! But as for myself, I give you all notice I intend to go on taking water from Lachmi's hand!” And with that she went downstairs. Binoy stood silent for a time, and then he turned and said slowly : “Isn't this going a little too far, Gora ?” “Who is going too far?” “ You !' “Not by a hair's breadth !” said Gora emphatically. “I am for each one of us keeping to our limits ; once you yield a pin's point of ground, there is no knowing where you will end." “But she is your mother !” protested Binoy. “I know what a mother is," answered Gora; “ you needn't remind me of that! How many possess a mother like mine! But if I once begin to show disrespect for tradition, then one day perhaps I shall cease to respect my mother also. Look here, Binoy, I have one word to say to you: the heart is a good thing, but it is not the best of all.” After à pause Binoy said hesitatingly : “ Listen, Gora. To-day, as I heard your mother's words, I felt somehow strangely disturbed. It seemed to me as if there is something on your mother's mind which she cannot explain to us, and that hurts her.” “Ah, Binoy!” said Gora impatiently, “don't give so much rein to your imagination—it does no good and only wastes your time.” “ You never give heed to what is going on around you,” replied Binoy, “and so you dismiss as imaginary what you fail to see. But I assure you that I have often noticed that your mother seems to have some secret on her mind-some- thing that she feels is out of tune with her surroundings and which makes her home life sad. Gora, you ought to give more careful ear to her words.” “I am careful enough about what the ear can tell,” replied
Gora. “If I do not try to go deeper, that is because I fear to deceive myself.”
ABSTRACT ideas are all very well as opinions, but when applied to persons they cease to have the same force of certainty,- at any rate that was so in the case of Binoy, for he was largely guided by the heart. Therefore, however loud he might be in support of a principle in argument, when it was a question of dealing with men, human considerations would prevail. So much so that it was difficult to say how far he accepted the principles Gora preached for their own sake and how far because of his great friendship for him. On his return from Gora's house, as he walked slowly along the muddy streets on that rainy evening, a struggle was going on in his mind between the claims of principle and his personal feelings. When Gora had contended that, to save society at the present time from various kinds of open and hidden attack, it was necessary to be constantly on the alert on matters relating to eating and caste, Binoy had easily assented. He had even argued the point hotly with those who disagreed. He had said that when the enemy attacks a fortress from all sides it shows no lack of a liberal mind to guard with your very life every road, lane, door, window, and even crack leading into the fortress. But Gora's refusal to let him take food in his mother's room was a blow which hurt him intensely. Binoy had no father, and he had lost his mother also at an early age. He had an uncle in the country, but from boyhood he had lived a lonely student-life in Calcutta, and from the very day he had been introduced to Anandamoyi, by his friend Gora, he had called her “ Mother.” Often had he gone to her room, and teased her till she would make for him his favourite confections. Many a time had he pretended to be jealous of Gora, accusing his mother of showing partiality to him when serving the food. Binoy knew quite well if he omitted to visit her for two or three days how anxious she would get in the hope of watching him do justice to her delicacies,-how impatiently she would wait for their meetings to break up. And to-day in the name of
society he had been forbidden to eat with her! Could she bear such a thing, and could he himself tolerate it ? She had said with a smile : “ After this I will not touch your food when I invite you, but will get hold of a good Brahmin to prepare your meals!” But how wounded she must have felt !—thought Binoy as he reached his lodgings. His empty room was dark and untidy with books and papers scattered everywhere. Striking a match, Binoy lighted the lamp which was smeared with the servant's finger-prints. On the white table-cloth which covered his writing-table there were spots of grease and ink-stains. In this room he felt choked. The want of human companionship and love made him feel terribly depressed. All such duties as the rescue of his country and the protection of his society seemed vague and false. Far more true seemed that “unknown bird” which one bright, beautiful morning of July had flown to the door of his cage and then flown away again. But Binoy had determined not to allow his thoughts to dwell on that “un- known bird”; so to quieten his mind he tried to picture to himself Anandamoyi's room from which Gora had banished him. The polished cement floor kept scrupulously clean-on one side the soft bed with its white counterpane spread over it like a swan's wing, and, on a little stool beside it, the lighted lamp. Bending over her work, Anandamoyi must be stitching away with different-coloured threads at the patchwork quilt, with the maidservant Lachmi sitting at her feet and chatter- ing away in her queer Bengali. It was this quilt that Ananda- moyi always worked at when her mind was troubled with anything, and Binoy fixed his thoughts on the picture of her calm face absorbed in her work. He said to himself : “May the lovelight of her face guard my mind from all distractions. May it be as the reflection of my motherland and keep me firm in the path of duty.” In his thoughts he called her “Mother," and said : “No scripture shall prove to me that food from your hand is not nectar for me." In the silence of the room the steady ticking of the big clock could be heard, and Binoy felt it unbearable to stay there. Near the lamp a lizard on the wall was catching insects. Binoy watched it for a little and then got up, seized his umbrella, and went out. He was undecided where to go. Probably his original purpose had been to go back to Anandamoyi, but he suddenly remembered that the day was Sunday, and he decided to go
to hear Keshub Babu preach at the Brahmo Samaj service. He knew that the sermon must be nearly over by this time, but that made no difference to his resolve. As he reached the place, the congregation was dispersing, and as he stood with his umbrella up at a corner of the street, he saw Paresh Babu coming out with a peaceful benevolence written on his countenance. Four or five members of his family were with him, but Binoy's eyes were on the youthful face of only one of them, lighted up for a moment by the street lamp as they passed by—then there was a rattle of carriage-wheels and it vanished like a bubble in a vast sea of darkness. Binoy did not manage to reach Gora's house that evening, but returned to his lodgings lost in thought. When, after making a fresh start the next afternoon, he did actually find himself at Gora's house after a long detour, the darkness of a clouded evening had already set in. Gora had just lit his lamp and had sat down to write as Binoy came in. He looked up from his paper and said, “ Well, Binoy, which way is the wind blowing to-day?” Without taking any notice of the question Binoy said : “I want to ask you one thing, Gora. Tell me, is India very real, absolutely clear, to you? India is in your thoughts day and night, but in what way do you think of her ?” Gora left off his writing and looked keenly at Binoy for a short time. Then he put down his pen and, leaning back in his chair, said : “As the captain of a ship when he is out on the ocean keeps in mind the port across the sea, both while at work and during his leisure, so is India in my mind at all times." “ And where is this India of yours ?” pursued Binoy. “Where the point of this compass of mine turns by day and by night,” exclaimed Gora, placing his hand on his heart. “ There,-not in your Marshman's History of India." “ And is there any particular port to which your compass points?” continued Binoy. “ Isn't there ! ” replied Gora with intense conviction. “I may miss my task, I may sink and drown, but that Port of a great Destiny is always there. That is my India in its fullness -full of wealth, full of knowledge, full of righteousness. Do you mean to say that such India is nowhere? Is there nothing but this falsehood on every side! This Calcutta of yours, with its offices, its High Court, and its few bubbles of brick and mortar ! Poof!”
He stopped and looked steadily at Binoy, who remained silent, lost in thought. Gora went on : “Here, where we read and study, where we go about seeking employment, slaving away from ten to five without rhyme or reason,-because we call this falsehood of some evil genie India, is that any reason why 350 millions of people should honour what is false and go about intoxicated with the idea that this world of falsity is a real world ? How can we gain any life, for all our efforts, out of this mirage ? That is why we are gradually dying of inanition. But there is a true India, rich and full, and unless we take our stand there, we shall not be able to draw upon the sap of life either by our intellect or by our heart. Therefore, I say, forget everything—book-learning, the illusion of titles, the tempta- tions of servile livelihood ; renounce the attractions of all these and let us launch the ship towards its port. If we must sink, if we must die, let us. It is because it is so vital for us that I at least can never forget the true and complete image of India !” “Is this merely the ferment of excitement, or the truth?” asked Binoy. “ The truth of course!” thundered Gora. “And what about those who cannot see as you do ?” inquired Binoy gently. “We must make them see ! ” replied Gora, clenching his fist. “That is our work. If people are unable to see a clear picture of truth, they will surrender themselves to any phantom. Hold up before all the unbroken image of India, and men will become possessed by it. Then you won't have to go begging for paltry subscriptions from door to door- people will jostle one another in their efforts to offer up their lives." “Well, then, show me this image, or else send me to join the unseeing multitudes !” “ Try and realise it for yourself,” replied Gora. “If only you have faith, you will find joy in the austerity of your devotion. Our fashionable patriots have no faith in truth, that is why they cannot make any strong claim, either on themselves or on others. If the God of Wealth himself offered them a boon, I verily believe they would not have the courage to ask for more than the gilt badge of the Viceroy's orderlies. They have no faith, therefore they have no hope.” “Gora,” protested Binoy, “every one has not the same nature. You have faith yourself, and you can take shelter
in your own strength, that is why you cannot fully understand the mental condition of other people. I tell you plainly, give me some task, it doesn't matter what. Make me work day and night. Otherwise I feel as if I had got hold of something tangible only while I am with you; but as soon as I am away from you, I find nothing at hand to cling to." “ You speak of work?” replied Gora. “At present our only task is to infuse in the unbelievers our own unhesitating and unflinching confidence in all that belongs to our country. Through our constant habit of being ashamed of our country, the poison of servility has overpowered our minds. If each one of us will, by his own example, counteract that poison, then we shall soon find our field of service. So far, in what- ever we try to do, we simply copy what our school-book history teaches us that others have done. Can we ever give our heart and mind truly to such second-hand service ? In this way we can only follow the path of degradation.” At this juncture Mohim entered the room, hookah in hand, with slow and leisurely steps. This was his time, after return- ing from office and taking some refreshment, for sitting at the door of his house with his betel chew and his smoke. One by one his friends from the neighbourhood would join him, and then they would retire to the sitting-room for a game of cards. At his entry Gora stood up, and Mohim, puffing at his hookah, said : “You, who are so busy trying to save India, I wish you'd save your brother!” Gora looked inquiringly at Mohim, who went on : “ The new Burra Sahib at our office is a regular rogue. He has a face like a bulldog, and calls us Babus ' baboons. If any one loses his mother he won't give him leave, saying that it is a lie. Not a single Bengali clerk gets his full pay at the end of the month, their salaries being completely riddled with fines. An anonymous letter about him has appeared in the papers recently, and the fellow will have it that it is my work. Not that he's altogether wrong either! He threatens to dismiss me unless I write a strong contradiction over my own name. You two bright jewels of our University must help me to concoct a good letter, scattering broadcast such phrases as 'even-handed justice,' 'never-failing generosity,' kindly courteousness,' etc., etc.” Gora remained silent, but Binoy laughed and said : “Dada,1 how can one manage to express so many falsehoods in one breath ?” 1 Dada = elder brother.
“ One must give a tooth for a tooth and an eye for an eye,” replied Mohim. “I've had long experience of these sahibs, and there is nothing unfamiliar about them to me. The way they can collect falsehoods is beyond all praise. Nothing stands in their way if necessity arises. If one of them tells a lie, the whole crowd of them howl in chorus like jackals,- not as we do, who are not above taking credit for turning approver. Be assured that it is no sin to deceive them, so long as you are not found out!” With his last words Mohim laughed loud and long, and Binoy also could not help smiling. “You hope to shame them by confronting them with the truth!” went on Mohim. “ If the Almighty had not endowed you with this kind of intelligence, the country would not have come to such a plight! You really must begin to understand that the strong fellow from across the sea does not bow his head in shame when you catch him in the act of house- breaking. On the contrary, he raises his crowbar on you with all the assurance of innocence itself. Isn't that so ?, “ True enough," answered Binoy. “Well then," continued Mohim, “if we use a little oil from the mill of falsehood to flatter them, saying : “O righteous one, ( holy saint, kindly throw us something from your satchel, even if it be only its dust,' then some small part of our own may be restored to us. At the same time we shall avoid all chance of a breach of the peace. If only you think of it, this is real patriotism. But Gora is angry with me. He has taken to showing great respect to me, his elder brother, ever since he turned orthodox. But to-day my words don't strike him as coming from an elder. What am I to do, brother mine ? I must speak the truth even about falsehood. However that may be, Binoy, you must write that letter. Wait a moment and I will bring you my rough notes of the points.” And Mohim went off, pulling hard at his hookah. Gora turned to Binoy and said : “ Binu, do go to Dada's room, there's a good fellow, and keep him quiet while I finish my writing."
ANANDAMOYI knocked at the door of her husband's prayer- room. “ Are you listening ?" she called to him. “ I'm not trying to enter, you needn't be afraid, but when you've finished
I want a word with you. Now that you have got hold of a new sannyasi, I won't get a sight of you for a good long time, I know, so I've come here. Don't forget to come to me, for a minute, when you've done.” And with these words she returned to her household duties. Krishnadayal Babu was a dark man, not very tall and inclined to be stout. The most prominent of his features were his large eyes, the rest of his face being almost hidden under a bushy grey beard and moustache. He always affected ochre silk robes and wooden sandals, and carried a brass pot, in the manner of ascetics. The front part of his head was bald, but he wore his hair long and coiled up on the top. There had been a time, while his work kept him upcountry, when in the company of the soldiers of the regiment he had indulged in forbidden meat and wine to his heart's content. In those days he used to consider it a sign of moral courage to go ont of his way to revile and insult priests and sannyasis and men of any kind of religious profession. But nowadays anything savouring of orthodoxy had his allegiance. He no sooner caught sight of a sannyasi than he would sit at his feet in the hope of learning some novel form of religious exercise. His greed for finding some hidden short cut to salvation, some esoteric method of gaining mystical powers, was boundless. While he had recently been busy taking lessons in Tantric practices, his latest discovery had been a Buddhist monk, and this had unsettled his mind all over again. His age was only twenty-three when his first wife had died in childbirth. Unable to bear the sight of the son who had been the cause of his mother's death, Krishnadayal handed over the infant to his father-in-law and went off west in a fit of despairing renunciation. Within six months he had married Anandamoyi, the fatherless granddaughter of a great Benares pandit. Cpcountry he procured an appointment in the Com- missariat Department, and by various shifts managed to win the favour of his employers. On the death of his wife's grand- father, he was compelled, for lack of any other guardian, to take her to live with himself. Meanwhile the Sepoy Mutiny had broken out, and he did not miss certain opportunities of contriving to save the lives of some highly placed English people, for which he was re- warded both by honour and a grant of land. Shortly after the mutiny had been quelled, he gave up his appointment and returned to live in Benares with the newly born Gora. When
the child was five years old, Krishnadayal went on to Calcutta, and taking his elder boy, Mohim, away from his uncle, began to educate him. Now Mohim, by favour of his father's patrons, had been taken into the Government Treasury, where, as we have seen, he was working enthusiastically. Gora from his childhood had been a leader amongst the boys of his neighbourhood and his school. His chief work and amusement was to make the lives of his teachers un- bearable. When he was a little older he led the Students' Club in their national songs, gave lectures in English, and was the acknowledged leader of a band of little revolutionaries. At last, when he had been hatched from the egg of the Students' Club and started cackling in public at meetings of adults, that seemed to afford Krishnadayal Babu considerable amusement. Gora began to gain quite a reputation outside his home, but none of his own family took him very seriously. Mohim felt it due to his Government service to try his best to restrain Gora, at whom he jeered, calling him “ Patriotic Prig," “Harish Mookerjee the Second,” etc., over which, sometimes, the two nearly came to blows. Anandamoyi was very much upset at heart over Gora's militant antagonism to everything English, and tried every expedient to calm him down, but without effect. Gora would in fact be only too delighted if he got a chance in the street of quarrelling with an Englishman. At the same time, he was greatly attracted towards the Brahmo Samaj, being under the spell of Keshub Chandra Sen's eloquence. It was just at this time that Krishnadayal all of a sudden turned strictly orthodox, so much so that he felt exceedingly put out even if Gora stepped into his room. He actually had a part of the house reserved specially for his own use, calling it the “ Hermitage,” and going to the length of displaying the name on a signboard. Gora's mind revolted against these ways of his father. “I can't put up with all this folly,” he said; “I simply won't stand it.” Gora, in fact, was on the point of cutting off all connection with his father, when Anandamoyi intervened and managed somehow to reconcile them. Gora, whenever he got the opportunity, argued hotly with the Brahmin pandits who gathered round his father. It could scarcely be called argument, however, his words being more like slaps on the face. Most of these pandits had little scholarship, but an immense avidity for their perquisites.
They could not manage Gora at all, and were mortally afraid of his tigerish onslaughts. But there was one of them for whom Gora began to enter- tain a great respect. His name was Vidyavagish, and he had been engaged by Krishnadayal for expounding the Vedanta philosophy. At first Gora tried to dispose of him with the same insolence, but he was soon disarmed. The man, he found, had not only great learning, but his liberality of mind was something wonderful. Gora had never imagined that any one, read only in Sanskrit lore, could have such a keen and open intelligence. There was such power and peace, such unwavering patience and depth, in the character of Vidyavagish that Gora could not but feel himself restrained in the pandit's presence. Gora began to study the Vedanta philosophy with him, and, as he could never do anything half- heartedly, he plunged headlong into all its speculations. As it happened, this coincided with a controversy started in the papers by some English missionary, in which he attacked Hindu religion and Hindu society and invited discussion. Gora fired up at once, for although he was only too ready himself, when he got the chance, to worry his opponents by crying down scriptural injunctions and popular customs alike, he was goaded to the quick at this disrespect shown to Hindu society by a foreigner. So he rushed into the fray, and took up the defence. He would not acknowledge a single one, not even the smallest fraction, of the faults imputed to the Hindus by the opposite party. After many letters had been exchanged, the editor finally closed the correspondence. But Gora had been thoroughly roused, and he set to work on a book in English on “ Hinduism,” in which he exerted himself to the utmost to get together arguments from reason and scripture to prove the blameless excellence of Hindu religion and society. He ended by succumbing to his own advocacy. He said : “ We must refuse to allow our country to stand at the bar of a foreign court and be judged according to a foreign law. Our ideas of shame or glory must not depend on minute comparisons at every step with a foreign standard. We must not feel apologetic about the country of our birth-whether it be about its traditions, faith, or its scriptures-neither to others nor even to ourselves. We must save our country and ourselves from insult by manfully bear- ing the burdens of our motherland with all our strength and all our pride." Full of these ideas, Gora began religiously to bathe in the
Ganges, regularly to perform ceremonial worship morning and evening, to take particular care of what he touched and what he ate, and even to grow a tiki.1 Every morning he went to take the dust of his parents' feet, and as for Mohim, whom he had had no compunction in calling “cad” and “snob”— now, whenever he came into the room, Gora stood up and made to him the obeisance due to an elder. Mohim did not spare his sneers at Gora for this sudden change, but Gora never answered him back. By his preaching and example Gora created a regular party of young enthusiasts round himself. They seemed to have gained from his teaching freedom from the strain of opposing pulls on their conscience. “We need no longer offer explana- tions,” they seemed to say to themselves with a sigh of relief. “ It matters not whether we are good or bad, civilised or barbarian, so long as we are but ourselves.” But, curiously enough, it did not appear that Krishnadayal was pleased at this sudden change in Gora. On the contrary he one day called Gora and said to him : “Look here, my son, Hinduism is a very profound subject. It is not easy for any and every person to sound the depths of the religion established by the Rishis. It is just as well not to meddle with it without a full understanding. Your mind is not yet mature, moreover you have all along been educated in English. Your first impulse towards the Brahmo Samaj was more suited for your type of mind. So I was not at all annoyed about it, rather it pleased me. But the path you are now following is not your path at all. I am afraid it will not do.” “What are you saying, father?” protested Gora. “ Am I not a Hindu ? If I cannot understand the deeper meaning of Hinduism to-day I shall do so to-morrow. Even if I can never grasp its full significance, its path is the only one for me to pursue. The merit of some previous Hindu birth has brought me this time into a Brahmin family, and in this way, after repeated re-births through Hindu religion and society, I shall reach my final goal. If by mistake I swerve from my appointed path, that will only mean redoubled travail in returning to it." But Krishnadayal kept on shaking his head as he said : “ But, my boy, simply to call oneself a Hindu is not to become one. It is easy to become a Mohammedan, easier still to become 1 A tuft of hair at the back of the head, grown by Brahmins in Bengal as a mark of orthodoxy.
a Christian-but a Hindu! Good Lord, that's a different matter ! ” “ That's true enough," replied Gora; “but since I have been born a Hindu I have at least crossed the threshold. If only I keep on the true path I shall gradually make good progress." “I am afraid, my son," answered Krishnadayal, “ I shall hardly be able to convince you by argument. What you say is quite right in its way. Whatever religion is really yours according to your own karma, to it you will have to return sooner or later,-no one can stand in your way. God's will be done! What are we but His instruments ?” Krishnadayal had a way of accepting, with equally open arms, the doctrine of Karma and trust in God's will, identity with the Divine and worship of the Divinity, he never even felt the need for reconciling these opposites.
REMEMBERING his wife's request, Krishnadayal, after finishing his bath and taking his food, went to her room. It was the first time he had been there for many days, and he spread his own mat on the floor and sat bolt upright, as if carefully dissociating himself from his surroundings. Anandamoyi opened the conversation : “You are making a bid for sainthood and do not trouble yourself about domestic matters, but I am getting worried to death about Gora.” “Why, what is there to be afraid of ?” asked Krishnadayal. “I can't exactly tell,” replied Anandamoyi. “But I'm thinking that if Gora goes on with this Hinduism of his at this rate, it cannot last-some catastrophe is sure to happen. I warned you not to invest him with the sacred thread, but in those days you were not so particular and said : What does a piece of string matter one way or the other ?' But it has come to mean much more than the thread now. And where are you going to draw the line ?” "Oh yes !” grumbled Krishnadayal. “Put all the blame on me, of course! But was not the original mistake yours ? You would insist on not giving him up. In those days I too was hot-headed, with no thought of the claims of religion. I could not dream of doing such a thing to-day !”
“Say what you like," replied Anandamoyi, “ I will never admit having done anything wrong. You remember that I left nothing untried in order to have a child of my own. I did whatever was suggested,-how many mantras I uttered ! how many charms I wore! Well, one day in a dream I saw myself offering to God a basket of white flowers.-After a time the flowers disappeared, and in their place I saw a little child, as white as they were. I cannot tell you what I felt when I saw it, my eyes filled with tears. I was just about to snatch it to my bosom when I awoke. It was just ten days after that I got Gora—God's gift to me. How could I give him up to any one else ? I must have held him in my womb in some previous life, at the cost of great pain, and that is why he has come now to call me ‘Mother. Just think how strangely he came to us! That midnight, when all around us there was bloodshed, and we ourselves went in fear of our lives, the English lady took shelter in our home. You were afraid to keep her in the house, but I put her in the cow- shed unknown to you. That very night she died on giving birth to a son. If I had not cared for that orphan child it would not have lived. What did you care ? You wanted to hand him over to a padre. Why? Why should I give him to the padre ? What was the padre to him ? Had he saved the child's life? Was such a way of getting the child less wonderful than giving birth to it myself ? Whatever you may say, unless He who gave to me my child takes him away from me, I will never give him up.” “Don't I know that?” said Krishnadayal. “Anyhow, do as you will with your Gora, I have never tried to interfere. I had to go through the thread investiture because, having given him out to be our son, society would not have it other- wise. There are only two questions remaining to be settled. Legally Mohim is entitled to all that I have—80— " “Who wants to share in your property ?” interrupted Anandamoyi. “ You may leave all your earnings to Mohim, -Gora will not claim a pice of them. He's a man and well educated. He can earn his own living; why should he hanker after another's wealth ? As for me, it is enough that he lives,— I have no need for any other possessions.” “No, I don't want to leave him altogether penniless," objected Krishnadayal. “There is the land which was granted to me,- that ought to bring in a thousand rupees a year. The more knotty question is that of his marriage. What's already been done is done—but I can't now go further and
actually marry him into a Brahmin family, according to Hindu rites—whether it pleases you to get angry or not." “So you think I have no conscience merely because I am not like you, sprinkling holy Ganges water all over the place ? Why should I want to marry him into a Brahmin family, or get angry about it, either ? " “What! Aren't you yourself a Brahmin's daughter ?” “And what if I am ?” replied Anandamoyi. “I have long ceased to take pride in my caste. Why, when our relatives made a fuss at Mohim's wedding because of my unorthodox habits, I simply kept at a distance without a word of protest. Nearly everybody calls me a Christian, and what- ever else comes to their lips. I accept all that they say in good part, contenting myself with the reply : Aren't Christians human beings? If you alone are the elect of God, why has He made you grovel in the dust first before the Pathans, then before the Moghuls, and now before the Christians ?” “Oh, that's a long story," answered Krishnadayal some- what impatiently. “You're a woman and wouldn't be able to understand. But there is such a thing as society and you can't ignore it—that at least you can understand.” “I'd rather not bother my head about all that,” said Anandamoyi. “But this much I do understand, that if, after having brought up Gora as my child, I now start playing at orthodoxy, then, apart from its offending society, it would ofiend my own conscience. It is only because of my fear of dharma that I have never hidden anything and let every one know that I do not conform to orthodox customs, bearing patiently all the hard words this has earned for me. There is one thing, however, which I have concealed, and for this I go in constant dread of God's retribution.—Look here, I think we ought to make a clean breast of it to Gora, let come what may.' “ No, no !” exclaimed Krishnadayal, greatly perturbed at this suggestion. “Not while I live. You know Gora. If once he hears the truth, there's no telling what he will do, and then the whole of society will be about our ears. Not only that, but Government may also give trouble, for, although Gora's father was killed in the Mutiny and we knew that his mother died, yet when the trouble was over we ought to have informed the magistrate. If once we raise this mare's nest, all my religious exercises will be done for, and there's no knowing what further calamity may descend upon me.” Anandamoyi remained silent, and after a pause Krishnadayal
went on : “ With regard to Gora's marriage I have an idea. Paresh Bhattacharya was a fellow student of mine. He has just retired from a school-inspectorship with a pension and is staying in Calcutta. He's a full-fledged Brahmo, and I have heard that there are many marriageable girls in his house. If only we could steer Gora to that establishment, then, after a few visits he might easily take a fancy to one of them. After that we may safely leave matters to the God of Love." “ What! Gora go visiting in a Brahmo household ? Those days for him are long past !” exclaimed Anandamoyi. As she spoke Gora himself came into the room calling out in his thundering voice, “Mother!” but, seeing his father sitting there, he paused for a moment in astonishment. Anandamoyi went quickly up to him as she asked, with affection radiating from her countenance : “What is it, my child ? what do you want of me?” “Nothing very urgent: it can wait.” With which Gora turned to go, but Krishnadayal stopped him, saying: “Wait a moment, Gora, I have something to say to you. I have a Brahmo friend who has recently come to Calcutta, and is living near Beadon Street." “Is it Paresh Babu ?” asked Gora. “How do you come to know him ?” asked Krishnadayal in surprise. “I've heard of him from Binoy, who lodges near his house,” explained Gora. "Well,” pursued Krishnadayal, “I want you to call and inquire after him.” Gora hesitated a moment, apparently revolving something in his mind, and then came out with : “ All right, I'll go over to-morrow first thing.” Anandamoyi was rather surprised at Gora's ready com- pliance, but the very next moment he said : “No, I forgot, I can't go to-morrow.” “Why not?” asked Krishnadayal. “ To-morrow I have to go to Tribeni.” “ Tribeni of all places ! ” exclaimed Krishnadayal. “There is the bathing festival for to-morrow's eclipse of the sun,” explained Gora. “You make me wonder, Gora,” said Anandamoyi. “ Haven't you the Ganges here in Calcutta, that you can't bathe without going all the way to Tribeni ?-You are out- doing orthodoxy itself !”. But Gora left the room without answering.
The reason why Gora had decided to bathe at Tribeni was because there would be crowds of pilgrims there. Gora snatched at every opportunity for casting away all his diffidence, all his former prejudices, and, standing on a level with the common people of his country, to say with all his heart : “I am yours and you are mine.”
Is the morning Binoy awoke and saw the early light blossom- ing as pure as the smile of a newborn child. A few white clouds were floating aimlessly in the sky. As he stood in the verandah recalling the happy memory of another such morning, he saw Paresh Babu coming slowly along the street, a stick in one hand and Satish holding the other. As soon as Satish caught sight of Binoy he clapped his hands and shouted, “Binoy Babu !” Paresh Babu also looked up and saw him, and Binoy hurrying downstairs met them both as they entered the house. Satish seized Binoy's hand, saying: “Binoy Babu, why haven't you been to see us ? You promised to come in that day. Binoy, putting his hand affectionately on the boy's shoulder, smiled at him, while Paresh Babu, carefully placing his stick upright against the table, sat down and said: “I don't know what we should have done without you the other day. You were so very good to us." “Oh, that was nothing; pray don't speak of it,” said Binoy deprecatingly. "I say, Binoy Babu, haven't you got a dog ?” asked Satish suddenly. “A dog ? ” replied Binoy with a smile. “No, I am afraid I haven't. * Why don't you keep a dog ? ” inquired Satish. “Well,—the idea of keeping one never occurred to me.” “I am told," said Paresh Babu, coming to his rescue, “that Satish came here the same day. I'm afraid he must have pestered you a lot. He talks so much that his sister has nicknamed him Mr. Chatterbox.” Binoy said: “I too can chatter when I like, so we got on very well together,--didn't we, Satish Babu ?”
Satish went on with his questions and Binoy with his answers, but Paresh Babu spoke very little. He only threw in a word now and then with a happy and tranquil smile. When about to go, he said : “ The number of our house is 78; from here it is straight along the road to the right." “He knows our house quite well,” interrupted Satish. “He came right up to the door with me that very day.” There was no earthly reason for feeling ashamed of this fact; nevertheless Binoy was overcome with a sense of bashful- ness, as though he had been suddenly found out. “ Then you know our house,” said the old gentleman. “So if you are ever- " “That goes without saying-whenever 1 ” faltered Binoy. “We are such near neighbours," said Paresh Babu as he rose. “It is only because we live in Calcutta that we have remained so long unacquainted.” Binoy saw his guests to the street and stood at the door for a little, watching them, as Paresh Babu walked slowly along leaning on his stick, while Satish carried on a ceaseless chatter by his side. Binoy thought to himself—“I have never seen an old man like Paresh Babu. I feel I want to take the dust of his feet. And what a delightful boy Satish is! When he grows up he will be a real man. He is as frank as he is clever.' However good the old man and the boy might be, that was hardly enough to account for this sudden outburst of respect and affection. But Binoy's state of mind did not need a longer acquaintanceship. “ After this,” added Binoy in his mind, “I shall have to go to Paresh Babu's house unless I want to be rude.” But the India of Gora's party admonished him : “ Beware! Thou shalt not enter there !” At every step Binoy had been obeying the prohibitions of this partisan India. He was sometimes beset with doubts, and yet he had obeyed. A spirit of rebelliousness now showed itself within him, for this India to-day seemed merely Negation incarnate. The servant came to announce his midday meal, but Binoy had not yet even taken his bath. It was past noon, and with a determined shake of the head he sent the servant away, saying: “I shall not be eating at home to-day; you need not stay on for me.” And without even putting on his scarf he took up an umbrella and went out into the street.
He made straight for Gora's house, for he knew that every day at twelve o'clock Gora went to the office of his Hindu Patriots' Society in Amherst Street, where he spent the after- noon writing rousing letters to members of his party all over Bengal. Here his admirers used to gather, waiting on his words, and here his devoted assistants felt themselves honoured by being allowed to serve him. As he had anticipated, Gora had gone as usual to the office, and Binoy, almost running into the inner apartments, burst into Anandamoyi's room. She was just beginning her meal, and Lachmi was in attendance, fanning her. “Why, Binoy, what is the matter ?” cried Anandamoyi in astonishment. “Mother, I'm hungry,” said Binoy, seating himself before her. “Give me something to eat.” “How awkward !” said Anandamoyi, much disturbed. “ The Brahmin cook has just gone and you— " “Do you think I have come to eat a Brahmin's cooking ?” exclaimed Binoy. “What was the matter with my own Brahmin cook? I'll share your meal, mother. Lachmi, bring me a glass of water, will you ?” Binoy gulped down the water, and then Anandamoyi, fetching another plate for him, helped him from her dish with the greatest solicitude and affection. Binoy ate like a man who has been starving for days. Anandamoyi, to-day, was relieved of one great source of pain, and, seeing her happy, a weight seemed to be lifted from Binoy's mind also. Anandamoyi sat down to her sewing. The scent of some Keya flowers filled the room. Binoy reclined at her feet, with his head resting on his arm, and, forgetting all the rest of the world, went on chattering to her as in the old days.
With the breaking down of this last barrier a fresh flood of rebelliousness surged through Binoy's heart, and when he left the house he seemed to be flying through the air,-his feet touched ground so lightly. He wanted to proclaim to all whom he met that at last he was free from the bonds which had held him so long.
Just as he was passing No. 78, he met Paresh Babu coming from the opposite direction. “Come in, come in,” said Paresh Babu. “ I'm delighted to see you, Binoy Babu.” And he took him into his sitting-room which looked on the street. It was furnished with a small table, with a wooden-backed bench on one side, and two cane chairs on the other. On one wall was hanging a coloured picture of Christ, and on the other a photograph of Keshab Chandra Sen. On the table were some newspapers neatly folded and kept in place by a lead paper-weight. A small bookcase stood in the corner, on the upper shelf of which stood a complete set of Theodore Parker's works arranged in a row. On the top of the bookcase was a globe covered with a cloth. Binoy took a seat, and his heart began to beat with agitation at the thought of one who might enter by the door behind him. However, Paresh Babu said: "Sucharita goes every Monday to teach the daughter of a friend of mine, and, as they have a boy of the same age as Satish, he has gone with his sister. I have just returned from escorting them there. If I had been a little later, I might have missed you." At this piece of news Binoy felt both a sense of relief and a pang of disappointment. It was easy enough, however, to talk with Paresh Babu, and in the course of conversation Binoy had soon told him all about himself,—how he was an orphan and how his uncle lived with his aunt in the country, looking after some landed property,-how he had studied together with his two cousins until the elder had taken up practice as a pleader in the district court, and the younger had died of cholera. His uncle's desire had been to make Binoy a deputy magistrate, but Binoy, having no ambition for such a life, was spending his time in all kinds of profitless tasks. In this way nearly an hour passed, and to stay on without any apparent reason would have appeared impolite, so Binoy rose to go and said, “I'm sorry to have missed seeing my friend Satish. Tell him that I called.” “If you wait a little you will see them,” replied Paresh Babu." They will be back very soon.” Binoy felt ashamed to take advantage of such a casual suggestion. If he had been pressed ever so little more, he would have stayed on, but Paresh Babu was a man of few words and not given to urging people against their will, so
he had to bid farewell,-Paresh Babu merely saying: “I shall be happy to see you now and then, if you will come.” Binoy had nothing urgent to take him home. It is true he wrote for the papers, and every one praised his English style, but for some days he had not been able to give his mind to writing, and whenever he sat at his table his mind would begin to wander. So, without any particular reason, he sauntered along in the opposite direction. He had hardly gone a few steps before he heard a shrill boyish voice calling out, “ Binoy Babu! Binoy Babu!” and, looking up, he saw Satish peeping out of a hackney-cab and beckoning to him. From the glimpse of a sari and the white sleeve of a bodice it was not difficult to guess who the other occupant of the cab was. According to Bengali etiquette it was not possible for Binoy to look into the cab, but before another moment had passed Satish had jumped out and, seizing him by the hand, was saying: “Come into the house, Binoy Babu." “I have just this moment come from there,” explained Binoy. “ But I wasn't at home, so you must come in again,” Satish persisted. Binoy was unable to resist Satish's pleading, and entering the house with his captive, Satish called out : “ Father, I have brought Binoy Babu back again !”. The old gentleman came out of his room smiling and saying: “You've fallen into firm hands, Binoy Babu, and won't easily escape this time. Satish, go and call your sister." Binoy stepped into the room, his heart beating fast and furiously. Paresh Babu remarked, “ You're out of breath, I see. That Satish is a caution!” When Satish brought his sister into the room, Binoy first became aware of a delicate perfume. Then he heard Paresh Babu saying: “Radha, Binoy Babu has come. You re- member him, of course.” As Binoy looked up timidly he saw Sucharita bow and take a chair opposite him, and this time he did not omit to return the salutation. “ Yes,” said Sucharita, “ Binoy Babu was passing along, and the moment Satish saw him he jumped out of the gharry and captured him. Perhaps, Binoy Babu, you were going on some business—I hope he has not inconvenienced you?' Binoy had not dared to hope that Sucharita would address any words to him personally, and he was so taken aback that D
he could but reply hurriedly : “No, no, I had nothing to do and am not at all inconvenienced.” Satish, pulling at his sister's dress, said: “Didi, give me the key, please. I want to show Binoy Babu our musical box.” Sucharita laughed as she said : “ What! Already begun ? Mr. Chatterbox's friends never know any peace. The musical box they must hear to begin with, to say nothing of their other trials and tribulations. Binoy Babu, I must warn you, the exactions of this little friend of yours are endless. I doubt whether you'll manage to bear them.” Binoy for the life of him could not see how to reply to Sucharita with equal naturalness. He vowed not to show the least bashfulness, but all that he succeeded in uttering were a few broken phrases : “No, no,-not at all, please don't be I'd really enjoy it.” Satish took away the keys from his sister and brought in the musical box. It consisted of a glass case with a model ship reposing on silken waves inside. On its being wound up a tune was played and the ship rocked to the rhythm. Satish's glances beamed from the ship to Binoy's face and back again to the ship—he could hardly contain his excitement. Thus was Satish the means of helping Binoy to break through his awkwardness, and it gradually became possible for him to look straight up at Sucharita's face while talking to her. A little later Lila, one of Paresh Babu's own daughters, came in and said : “ Mother wants all of you to come upstairs into the verandah."
UPSTAIRS, on the terrace over the portico, a table was spread with a white cloth, and round it chairs were arranged. On the cornice outside the railings there stood a row of plants in tubs, and, looking down, one could see by the side of the street the glossy rain-washed foliage of Sirish and Krishnachura trees. The sun had not yet set, and its slanting rays shone wanly on one corner of the terrace. There was no one there when Paresh Babu took Binoy upstairs, but in a moment Satish arrived bringing with him a black-and-white hairy terrier. Its name was Khudè (Tiny),
and Satish showed off all its tricks. It could salaam with one of its paws, bow its head down to the ground, and beg for biscuits. For the glory that Khudè thus earned Satish took all the credit. Khude himself was not an enthusiast for credit,—to him the biscuit was the more real thing. Now and then, from a room near by, the prattle of girls' voices, mingled with little bursts of laughter, could be heard, together with the occasional sound of a man's voice. Along with this stream of gaiety, there was borne into Binoy's mind a new sense of sweetness, touched with a pang of envy. Never before in his life had he come across the rippling merriment of girls at home. Now this music sounded so close, and yet for him it was so far away. Poor distracted Binoy was quite unable to give any attention to what Satish was chattering about beside him. Paresh Babu's wife now arrived on the scene with her three daughters and a young man who was a distant relative. Her name was Baroda. She was no longer young, though it was easy to see that she had dressed with special care. She had lived quite a simple life in her early days, and then had all of a sudden developed an anxiety to keep pace with advanced society. Therefore it was that her silk sari rustled so vigor- ously and her high-heeled shoes made such a clatter. She was always careful about keeping clear the distinction between things that were Brahmo and things that were not. It was on this account she had changed the orthodox name of Radha- rani to Sucharita Her eldest daughter's name was Labonya. She was stout, of a cheery and sociable disposition, and loved gossip. Her face was chubby, her eyes large, and her complexion dark and glossy. She herself was inclined to be rather careless about her dress, but in this matter she was kept strictly under her mother's control. She hated high-heeled shoes but had to wear them, and whenever she went out in the afternoon her mother insisted on putting powder and rouge on her cheeks. Because of her stoutness her bodices were made so tight that when Labonya was released by her mother from the dressing-room she looked like a bale just out of the press. The middle daughter's name was Lolita. She was almost exactly the opposite of her elder sister. She was taller and darker, quite thin, followed her own rules, and though sparing of words, she could on occasion make very cutting remarks. Her mother, in her heart of hearts, was afraid of her, and took care not to rouse her temper.
The youngest, Lila, was only ten years old. She was a regular tomboy, always struggling and fighting with Satish. Especially was it a disputed point as to who could claim the rightful ownership of Khudè. If the dog itself had been consulted it is doubtful whether it would have chosen either of them as its master, though, if anything, it probably had a slight preference for Satish, whose discipline it found easier to bear than the onslaught of Lila's caresses. As soon as Mistress Baroda came out on to the terrace, Binoy stood up and made her a low bow. Paresh Babu introduced him with : “ This is the friend in whose house the other day- “ Oh ! ” exclaimed Baroda effusively. “How kind you were! We are most grateful to you." But Binoy became so bashful at this display of gratitude that he was at a loss for a suitable answer. He was also introduced to the young man who had accom- panied the girls. His name was Sudhir, and he was still at college reading for his B.A. He was pleasant-looking, fair in complexion, wore spectacles, and had a small moustache. He seemed a fidgety kind of person as he could not sit still for a moment, but was always on the move, keeping the girls lively with his teasing and joking. The girls kept on scolding him, but nevertheless could not get on without their Sudhir. He was always ready to do their shopping for them, and accom- pany them to the Circus or the Zoological Gardens. Sudhir's unrestrained familiarity with these girls was quite new to Binoy, in fact it gave him something of a shock. His first impulse was one of condemnation, but this soon became tempered with a tinge of jealousy. “It seems to me I've seen you once or twice at the Brahmo Samaj services,” observed Baroda by way of introduction. Binoy suddenly felt as if he had been found out in some crime as he admitted, with unnecessary apology in his tone, that he had once or twice been to hear Keshub Babu preach. “I suppose you are reading at college ?” Baroda next asked him. “No, I've finished with college." “How far did you read ? ” “I have taken my M.A.” This seemed to inspire Baroda with a due sense of respect for this boyish-looking youth. Heaving a sigh, she looked towards Paresh Babu as she remarked : “ If our Manu had lived he would by now have taken his M.A."
Her first child, Manoranjan, had died at the age of nine, and whenever she heard of any young man who had done well in his examination, or had obtained a good post, or had written a good book, Mistress Baroda immediately thought that if only her son had lived he would have done the same. However that may be, after his loss she had taken it on herself, as a special duty, to make known to society the virtues of her three daughters. She did not neglect this opportunity of informing Binoy how studious her daughters were, nor did she conceal from him what their English governess had said about their intelligence and high qualities. When on the Prize Day of the Girls' School, the Lieutenant-Governor and his wife had been present, Labonya had been specially selected from amongst the girls of the whole school for garlanding them, and Binoy was even privileged to hear the exact words of the complimentary remark which the Governor's wife had addressed to her. At length Baroda wound up by saying to Labonya : “ Bring that piece of embroidery, dear, for which you got a prize." This figure of a parrot worked in wool had long been known to all their relatives and visitors. It had been manufactured, with infinite pains and after many months, with the constant help of her governess, so that there was not much of Labonya's own handiwork in it; but there was no escaping the ceremony of exhibiting it to each new visitor. At first Paresh Babu used to object, but had ceased to do so on finding that his protests were fruitless. While Binoy was engaged in showing the proper amount of wonder and appreciation for this work of art, the servant came in with a letter for Paresh Babu. When he read it, Paresh Babu's face lighted up with pleasure as he said to the servant : “ Bring the gentleman upstairs.” “Who is it?” asked Mistress Baroda. “ The son of my old friend Krishnadayal has come to call on me,” replied Paresh Babu. Binoy's heart suddenly stood still and he turned pale. He sat with his hands clenched as though preparing to stand firm under some attack. He felt sure that Gora would be struck unfavourably with the ways of these people, and that he would judge them accordingly, and he made ready to champion them in anticipation.
SUCHARITA was arranging the eatables on a tray in the passage —this she now made over to a servant to be handed round, and came and sat out on the terrace. And as the servant came in, he was followed by Gora. Every one was struck with his size and the whiteness of his complexion. He had a caste-mark of Ganges-clay on his forehead, and was wearing a coarse dhuti and an old-fashioned short jacket tied with ribbon. His shoes were country-made, with turned-up toes. He came in like an incarnate image of revolt against Modernity. Even Binoy had never before seen him in such martial guise. It was true that Gora to-day was full of fiery protest against things as they happened to be, and there was a special reason for it. He had started the day before, on a steamer, for the bathing festival at Tribeni. At the wayside stations crowds of women pilgrims, accompanied by one or two men, had been getting on as passengers. In their anxiety to get a place there had been some elbowing and jostling, and, what with the mud on their feet and the single slippery plank which served as gang- way, some slipped and fell, while others were actually pushed over into the water by the sailors. Many of those who had managed to get a place for themselves missed their companions in the crush. On the top of all this was the rain, occasional showers of which kept on drenching them, and the deck, where they had to sit, was coated with a slimy mud. Their faces betokened hopeless harassment, their eyes a pitiful anxiety. Only too well did they know that such weak and insignificant creatures could expect no help from captain or crew, so that every movement of theirs was full of a timid apprehension. Gora was the only one who was doing his best to help these pilgrims in their distressful plight. Leaning over the railings of the upper first-class deck stood an Englishman and a modernised Bengali babu, smoking cigars and laughing and talking together as they watched the fun. Every now and then, when one of the unfortunate pilgrims got into a specially awkward predicament, the English- man laughed, and the Bengali joined in. After they had passed two or three stations in this manner, Gora could bear it no longer. Going on to the upper deck he said in a voice of thunder : “Enough of this ! Aren't you ashamed of yourselves ?”
The Englishman merely stared fiercely at Gora from head .to foot, but the Bengali vouchsafed a reply : “ Ashamed ?” he sneered. “Of course I am, to see the utter stupidity of these animals !” “ There are worse beasts than ignorant people,” flung out Gora with a flaming face,—“men without hearts.” “Get out of here!” retorted the Bengali, getting excited. “You have no business to come up to the First Class." “No, indeed,” replied Gora, “my place is not with such as you ; it is with those poor pilgrims there. But I warn you not to compel me to come again to this class of yours !”- with which he rushed back to the lower deck. After this incident the Englishman leaned back in his deck-chair, with his feet upon the railing, and was immersed in a novel. His Bengali fellow-passenger made one or two attempts to pick up the thread of their conversation, but without success. Then, to prove that he was not on the side of the common herd of his countrymen, he called the khansama and asked him whether he could give him some roast chicken. The khansama replied that he had nothing but tea and bread and butter, whereupon he exclaimed in English, so that the sahib could hear: “ The arrangements for our creature com- forts on this steamer are scandalous !” His companion, however, ignored the overture; and even when, shortly after, the Englishman's newspaper blew off the table, and the Bengali jumped out of his chair to pick it up and put it back, he was not rewarded with a word of thanks. When getting off at Chandernagore, the sahib suddenly went up to Gora and, lifting his hat slightly, said, “I beg your pardon for my conduct. I am ashamed of myself,” — and then hurried off. What was burning within Gora, however, was the sense of outrage that his educated countryman could go to the length of joining a foreigner in exulting over the sorry plight of his own people, and laugh at them with an assumption of superiority. That the people of his country had laid them- selves open to all kinds of insult and insolent behaviour, that they had come to the pass of accepting it as inevitable to be treated like animals by their more fortunate compatriots, and of regarding such treatment as but natural and proper,-the root-cause of all this Gora knew to be the deep-seated ignorance which pervaded the country, and this thought nearly broke his heart. But what hurt him most was the fact that the educated people did not take on their own shoulders the
burden of this eternal shame and insult, but rather could glory in their own comparative immunity. It was for this reason that Gora, to show his contempt for all the book- learning and slavish conventions of such educated people, had come to the Brahmo's house with the mark of the Ganges- clay on his forehead, and these peculiar rustic shoes on his feet. “O Lord !” said Binoy to himself, “ Gora is out in full war-paint.” His heart sank within him at the bare thought of what Gora might say and do next, and he in turn felt called upon to gird himself for the defence. While Mistress Baroda had been talking with Binoy, Satish had perforce to be content with amusing himself with a top in one corner of the terrace; but at the sight of Gora he lost all interest in this occupation and, edging slowly up to Binoy's chair, stared at the new visitor as he asked in a whisper : “Is that your friend ?” “Yes,” replied Binoy. Gora had given just one glance at Binoy and thereafter ignored his presence. He saluted Paresh Babu in due form, and then, without any appearance of constraint, he drew one of the chairs a little away from the table and sat down. As for the ladies, orthodox etiquette demanded that he should not give any sign that he was even aware of their presence. Mistress Baroda had just decided to remove her daughters from the neighbourhood of this unmannerly boor, when Paresh Babu introduced him to her as the son of an old friend, whereupon Gora turned towards her and bowed. Sucharita had heard Binoy refer to Gora, but she did not understand that this visitor was he, and at first sight she felt a certain resentment towards him, for she had neither the training nor the patience to put up with educated people who could still hold on to strict orthodoxy. Paresh Babu began to make inquiries after his boyhood's friend Krishnadayal, and to recount incidents of their student days. “ Amongst the college students of those days,” said he,“ we were the worst pair of iconoclasts you could imagine --we had no vestige of respect for traditions--we regarded the taking of unorthodox food as our actual duty. How many evenings have we spent eating forbidden food in a Mussulman's shop near College Square, and then sitting up till midnight discussing how we would reform Hindu society !” Baroda here interposed the question : “And what are your friend's views nowadays ?”
“Now he strictly observes all orthodox customs,” replied Gora. " Is he not ashamed of himself ? ” asked Baroda, ablaze with indignation. “Shame is a sign of a weak character," laughed Gora. “Some people are even ashamed to acknowledge their own fathers. “Wasn't he formerly a Brahmo ?” inquired Baroda. "I also was once a Brahmo,” replied Gora. " And you now have faith in a deity that has finite form ? " asked Baroda. “I'm not so superstitious as to show contempt for finite forms without justification,” answered Gora. “Can form be belittled merely by reviling it ? Has any one been able to penetrate its mystery ?” “But form is limited,” interrupted Paresh Babu in his gentle voice. “Nothing can become manifest unless it has limits," persisted Gora. “ The Infinite has taken the help of form in order to manifest Himself, otherwise how could He be revealed ? That which is unrevealed cannot attain perfection. The form- less is fulfilled in forms just as thought is perfected in words.” “You mean to say that form is more perfect than the formless ?” exclaimed Baroda, shaking her head unconvinced. “ It matters little what I mean," replied Gora. “ The world does not depend for its form on what I say. If the formless had been the real perfection, then form would have found no place in the universe at all.” Sucharita heartily wished some one would humiliate this arrogant youth by vanquishing him in argument, and she was angry to see Binoy sitting quietly by without opening his mouth. Gora's very violence of tone seemed to be bringing her strength for a crushing reply. At this moment, however, the servant brought in a kettle of hot water and Sucharita had to busy herself making the tea, while Binoy occasionally darted an inquiring glance in her direction. Although there was not much difference between Gora and Binoy on matters relating to worship, yet that Gora should have come uninvited into this Brahmo home and shown such uncompromising hostility, pained Binoy deeply. He was filled with admiration for Paresh Babu's calm self-control,- his benign serenity, raised into the heights of aloofness above both sides of the argument,—when he contrasted it with Gora's aggressive demeanour. Opinions are nothing, thought he to
himself,-better than all is the self-contained calm of true realisation. What does it matter which argument is true and which is false—what has been gained within is the real thing. Paresh Babu in the course of the discussion every now and then closed his eyes and took a plunge into the depths of his being—this was a habit of his—and Binoy watched, fascinated, the peace that shone on his countenance while his mind was thus turned inwards. It was a great disappoint- ment to him to find that Gora's reverence did not flow out towards this venerable man and help him to keep a restraint on his tongue. When Sucharita had finished pouring out several cups of tea, she looked inquiringly towards Paresh Babu. She was in perplexity as to which of the guests she should offer tea to. Mistress Baroda looked at Gora and burst out with : “ You, I suppose, do not take any of these things !" “No," replied Gora with decision. “Why ? " persisted Baroda. “Are you afraid of losing caste ? " “Yes," answered Gora. “ Then you believe in caste?” “Is caste a thing of my own creation that I should not believe in it ? Since I own allegiance to society, I must respect caste also.” “Are you then bound to obey society in all matters ? ” asked Baroda. “Not to obey society is to destroy it,” replied Gora. “ What if it is destroyed ?”. “ You might as well ask what harm there is in cutting off the branch on which one is seated !” “Mother, what's the good of all this useless argument ?” called out Sucharita in vexation. “He will not eat with us and there's an end of it!' Gora fixed his gaze on Sucharita for a moment, while she, looking towards Binoy, asked with some hesitation : “Do you ?" Binoy had never in his life taken tea. He had given up eating bread or biscuits made by Mussulmans long ago, but to-day he felt that he was in duty bound to eat and drink whatever was offered, so with an effort he looked up straight as he said: “Yes, of course I will ! ” and then he glanced at Gora, on whose face there played a faint sarcastic smile. Binoy manfully drank up his tea, though it was bitter and unpalatable to his taste.
“What a nice boy, this Binoy !” was Baroda's unspoken comment, and, turning her back on Gora, she gave all her attention to him. When he observed this, Paresh Babu quietly drew his chair up to Gora and began to talk with him apart, in an undertone. Another visitor was now announced. They all welcomed him as Panu Babu, though his real name was Haran-chandra Nag. He had a reputation in his own circle for extraordin- ary learning and intelligence, and though nothing had been actually said on either side, it was in the air that he would marry Sucharita. There was certainly no room for doubt that he had an inclination in that direction, and all her girl friends persistently chaffed Sucharita on the subject. Haran taught in a school, for which reason Mistress Baroda did not think much of this mere schoolmaster. She indeed made it quite plain that it was as well he had not dared to make up to any of her own daughters. The sons-in-law of her dreams were enterprising knights-errant whose one object of pursuit should be a deputy-magistrateship. As Sucharita offered Haran a cup of tea, Labonya from a safe distance gave her a meaning glance and puckered up her mouth in a smile. This did not escape Binoy, for within this brief space of time his vision had become unusually alert and penetrating in certain matters, though he had not formerly been famous for his powers of observation. It struck Binoy as an unfair disposition of Providence that these two, Haran and Sudhir, should be so intimately bound up with the family history as to have become objects of secret signs between the girls of the house. Into Sucharita's mind, on the other hand, the arrival of Haran on the scene brought a glimmer of hope. If but this new champion of hers should succeed in bringing the haughty conqueror to the dust, she would feel avenged. At any other time Haran's argumentativeness only irritated her, but to-day sbe welcomed this knight of wordiness with joy, and she was lavish in her supply of armour in the shape of tea and cakes. “ Panu Babu, here is our friend ” began Paresh Babu. But Haran cut him short with : “Oh, I know him very well! At one time he was an enthusiastic member of our Brahmo Samaj.” And with this he turned away from Gora and gave all his attention to his cup of tea. At that time only one or two Bengalis had passed the Civil
Service examination, and Sudhir was describing the reception given to one of them on his return home from England. “ What does it matter," snapped out Haran, “how well Bengalis may do in their examinations, they will never be any good as administrators.” And in order to demonstrate that no Bengali could carry on the work of a district, he waxed eloquent on the various defects and weaknesses of the Bengali character. Gora's face reddened visibly as this tirade proceeded, but, subduing his lion's roar as far as he could, he broke in at length with : “If that is your honest opinion, aren't you ashamed to be sitting comfortably at this table munching bread and butter?” “What would you have me do ?” asked Haran, raising his eyebrows in astonishment. “ Either try to remove these stains from the Bengali character, or go and hang yourself !” replied Gora. “Is it such an easy thing to say that our nation will never accomplish anything? I wonder your bread doesn't choke you ! ” “Mustn't I speak out the truth ?” asked Haran. "I beg your pardon,” continued Gora with heat, “but if you really believed what you say, you could not have held forth about it so glibly. It is because you know it to be false that it comes so easily from your lips. Let me tell you, Haran Babu, falsehood is a sin, false censure is a still greater sin, but there are few sins to compare with the false revilement of one's own people!” Haran was quivering with rising anger, and when Gora added : “ Do you imagine that you are the one superior person amongst all your countrymen ? that you alone are entitled to give vent to your fulminations against them, and the rest of us, on behalf of our forefathers, are quietly to submit to your indictment?”-it became impossible for Haran to give up his position, and his abuse of the Bengalis was continued in a still higher pitch. He referred to many kinds of evil customs prevalent in Bengali society: so long as these re- mained, said he, there was absolutely no hope for the race. “What you say about evil customs,” said Gora scornfully, “ you have merely learnt off by heart from English books- you know nothing at all about the matter at first hand. When you are able to contemn all the evil customs of the English with as much honest indignation, you will have a right to talk." Paresh tried his best to change the subject, but it was
impossible to check the infuriated Haran. Meanwhile the sun went down, and the sky became glorious with the radiance which shone through the fringe of clouds, and in spite of all the turmoil of the wordy warfare, the strains of some music seemed to fill Binoy's heart. As this was the time for his evening meditation, Paresh left the terrace and, going down into the garden, seated himself beneath a champak tree. Baroda had conceived a thorough dislike for Gora, nor was Haran a favourite of hers; so when she could stand their discussion no longer she turned to Binoy and said: “Come, Binoy Babu, let's go inside.” And Binoy could do no less to mark his appreciation of the special favour thus shown to him by Mistress Baroda than meekly to follow her into the room. Baroda called to her daughters to follow them, while Satish, seeing the hopelessness of the discussion coming to an end, made his exit with his dog. Baroda turned the opportunity to account by discoursing to Binoy on the accomplishments of her daughters, and turning to Labonya said, “ Bring your album, dear, and show it to Binoy Babu, will you ?” Labonya was so accustomed to showing this album to the latest visitor that she was always on the look-out for this request, and in fact had been feeling disappointed that the discussion should be proving so unending. On opening the album Binoy saw some English poems of Moore and Longfellow written in it. The capital letters and titles of the poems were done in ornamental characters, and the handwriting showed the greatest neatness and care. His admiration was unaffected, for in those days it reflected no small credit on a girl to be able to copy English poetry so well. When she found Binoy duly overwhelmed, Mistress Baroda turned to her second daughter with the request, “Lolita, darling, that recitation of yours But Lolita replied very firmly,“ No, mother, I really cannot. I don't remember it very well," and turned to look out of the window. Baroda explained to Binoy that she really remembered it perfectly well, but was so modest that she did not care to show ofi. She said that she had been like this from childhood, and in proof of her assertion she recounted one or two instances of her remarkable attainments. She added that she was so brave that even if she was hurt she would not cry, and stated that in these respects she much resembled her father.
Now it was Lila's turn. At first when she was told to recite she began to giggle, but as soon as she started she was like a machine wound up, and in one breath she reeled off“ Twinkle, twinkle, little star” without the least sign of understanding its meaning. Knowing that the next item on the programme was a display of singing, Lolita went out of the room. The discussion outside had now reached its height. Haran had given up all attempts at argument and was indulging freely in the hottest of words, while Sucharita, ashamed and vexed at Haran's lack of self-control, was taking Gora's part: and this fact did not add to Haran's peace of mind, or tend to console him. The evening sky became dark with heavy rain-clouds. Hawkers began to sell garlands of jasmine in the street with their peculiar cries. Fire-flies twinkled out on the foliage of the trees by the roadside, and a deep shadow darkened the water of the neighbouring tank. Binoy now reappeared on the verandah to say good-bye, and Paresh Babu said to Gora : “ Come and see us whenever you like. Krishnadayal was like my own brother, and though our opinions differ nowadays, and we never see or write to cach other, yet the friendships of boyhood's days always remain part of our flesh and blood. I feel very close to you because of my old relations with your father.” The tranquil and affectionate voice of Paresh Babu acted like a charm in calming down the argumentative heat of Gora's mind. There had not been much of reverence in Gora's first salutation to the old man, but now at parting he bowed to him with real respect. Of Sucharita he took not the slightest notice, for to have shown by the least gesture that he was noticing her presence would to him have been the height of rudeness. Binoy, making a low obeisance to Paresh Babu, bowed slightly to Sucharita in turn, and then, as if somewhat ashamed of what he had done, he hurried after Gora. To avoid the ceremony of leave-taking Haran had gone inside and was turning over the leaves of a Brahmo hymn-book which lay on the table; but the moment the two guests had gone he hastened back to the verandah, and said to Paresh Babu : “ My dear sir, it's hardly right to introduce the girls to any and every one.” Sucharita felt so annoyed that she could no longer conceal her feelings, and exclaimed: “If father had followed that
advice, then we should have never become acquainted with you!” “It's all right if you confine yourself to people belonging to your own society,” explained Haran, Paresh Babu laughed. “You want us to go back to the zenana system over again by restricting our expansion within our own community. But I myself think that girls ought to mix with people of all shades of opinion, otherwise they will simply remain narrow-minded. Why need we be so squeamish about it?" “I never said they should not mix with people of a variety of opinions,” replied Haran. “But these fellows don't even know how to behave towards ladies.” “No, no !” expostulated Paresh. “What you take for lack of manners is merely shyness—and unless they come into ladies' society that will never be cured.”
HARAN had been specially anxious the other day to put Gora in his proper place and to raise the standard of victory before Sucharita's very eyes. At the beginning this bad been Sucharita's hope also. But, as it turned out, exactly the opposite happened. On social and religious matters Sucharita could not agree with Gora, but regard for her own race and sympathy for her countrymen came naturally to her, and although she had never before discussed the condition of her country, yet, when she heard Gora thunder forth his protest on hearing his own people abused, her whole mind echoed a sympathetic assent. Never before had she heard any one speak with such force and firm faith about the mother- land. Then, when Haran had spitefully returned to the charge behind their backs, calling Binoy and Gora ill-mannered boors, Sucharita in protest against such meanness was again drawn to take their side. Not that her feeling of revolt against Gora was altogether quelled. Even now his aggressively countrified dress hurt her somewhat. She understood somehow that in this pro- testing orthodoxy there was a spirit of defiance,--that it had not the naturalness of real conviction,—that it did not find
its full satisfaction in his own faith,--that in fact it was assumed in anger and arrogance in order to hurt others. That evening, in whatever she did when at her meal or while telling Lila stories, Sucharita was conscious of some gnawing pain, deep down in her being, which kept on hurting her. A thorn can only be extracted if you know where it is, and Sucharita sat alone on the verandah trying to locate the thorn which so galled her. She tried, in the cool of the dark- ness, to allay the uncalled-for fever of her heart, but all in vain. The undefined burden which she carried made her want to weep, but tears would not come. Nothing could be more absurd than to suppose that Sucharita should be so grievously exercised merely because some unknown young man had come with a defiantly pro- minent caste-mark on his brow, or because it had not been possible to defeat him in argument and humble his pride to the dust. She dismissed this explanation from her mind as altogether impossible. Then she blushed with shame as the real reason at length dawned on her. For two or three hours she had been sitting face to face with this young man, and had even now and again taken his part in the argument, and yet he had not taken any notice of her, nor, when he said good-bye, did he seem even aware of her presence. It became clear beyond doubt that it was this complete indifference to her that hurt her so deeply. Binoy had also shown the awkward- ness which is natural to those not accustomed to ladies' society, but this awkwardness of his had merely been a modest, shrink- ing diffidence, of which Gora had not a trace. Why was it so impossible for Sucharita to bear this hard indifference of Gora's, or to dismiss it from her mind with contempt? She felt ready to die at the remembrance that, even in face of such neglect, she had not had the self-control to refrain from thrusting herself into the discussion. Once, indeed, when she had shown heat at the unfairness of one of Haran's arguments, Gora had looked up at her. In his glance there was clearly no sign of shyness, but what there was in it did not seem so clear. Did he think her to be forward, or wanting to show off,—thus to be joining uninvited in an argument between men ? What did it matter what he thought ? Nothing at all, and yet Sucharita could not help feeling pained. She strove hard to forget all about it, to wipe it from her memory, but she could not. Then she felt angry with Gora, and tried to feel a withering contempt for him as an arrogant, superstitious youth; but still she felt
humbled as she recalled the unflinching gaze of that immense man with a voice like thunder, and she was quite unable to maintain the dignity of her own attitude. Thus torn between her own conflicting feelings, Sucharita sat alone till far into the night. The lights were out and every one had retired. She heard the front door being shut, and by this she knew that the servants had finished their work and were preparing for bed. At this moment Lolita came out in her night-dress and, without saying anything, went and stood by the balustrade. Sucharita smiled to herself, for she realised that Lolita was vexed with her, as she had promised to sleep with her that night and had entirely forgotten about it. But merely to acknowledge the forgetfulness would not have been any good for appeasing Lolita,-being able to forget her was the real fault. And Lolita was not the sort of girl to remind any one of a promise. She had determined to keep still in bed, without a sign of being hurt, but as time passed the keenness of her disappointment increased until, able to bear it no longer, she had left her bed, just to show quietly that she was still awake. Sucharita left her chair and, going slowly up to Lolita, embraced her, saying: “Lolita dear, don't be angry with me." But Lolita moved away, murmuring: “Angry? Why should I be angry? Pray keep your seat.” “Come, dear, let's go to bed,” pleaded Sucharita, taking hold of her hand. But Lolita remained where she was without answering, till at last Sucharita dragged her along to their bedroom. Then, at last, Lolita asked in a choked voice : “Why are you so late? Don't you know it is eleven o'clock? I have heard all the hours strike, and now you'll be too sleepy for à chat.” “I am so sorry, dear,” said Sucharita, drawing her closer to her. The fault having been acknowledged, Lolita's anger evapor- ated, and she was mollified at once. “ Of whom were you thinking sitting alone all this time, Didi? Was it of Panu Babu ? " she asked. “Oh, get away !" cried Sucharita with a gesture of reproof. Lolita could not bear Panu Babu. In fact she would not even chaff Sucharita about him as her other sisters did. The very idea that Haran wished to marry Sucharita infuriated her. E
After a few moments of silence Lolita started again : “ What a nice man Binoy Babu is, isn't he, Didi ?” And it could not be said that in this question there was no attempt to test what was in Sucharita's mind. “Yes, dear, Binoy Babu seems quite a nice sort of person," was the reply. This, however, was not at all in tune with what Lolita had been expecting, so she went on: “But whatever you say, Didi, that Gourmohan Babu is altogether insufferable. What a nasty complexion, and what hard features ! And such an awful prig! How did he strike you?” “He is far too orthodox for my taste," replied Sucharita. “No! No! It's not that," exclaimed Lolita. “Why, uncle is very orthodox too—but that is so different-I-I can't quite explain what I mean." “Yes, quite different indeed !” laughed Sucharita, and, as she recalled Gora's high white brow with the caste-mark on it, her anger against him flamed up over again, for was it not thus that Gora had announced to them all in big letters : “From you am I different”? Nothing less than levelling this immense pride of aloofness to the dust could have soothed her sense of outrage. Gradually they stopped talking and fell asleep. When it was two o'clock, Sucharita woke up and heard the rain pouring down in torrents. The lamp in the corner of the room had gone out, and every now and then the lightning flashed through their mosquito-net. In the stillness and gloom of night, with the sound of the ceaseless rain in her ears, Sucharita felt heavy of heart. She tossed from side to side in her effort to sleep, and looked with envy at the face of Lolita, who was in deep slumber—but sleep refused to come. In her vexation she left the bed and went to the door. Opening it, she stood looking out on the roof with the rain spraying in on her with every gust of wind. All the incidents of that evening came across her mind one by one. The picture of Gora's face, all aglow with excitement and lighted by the rays of the setting sun, flashed out, and all the arguments which she had heard, but forgotten, now came back to her together with the sound of his deep, strong voice. His words rang again in her ears : “ Those whom you call illiterate are those to whose party I belong. What you call superstition, that is my faith! So long as you do not love your country and take your stand beside your own people, I will not allow one word of abuse of the motherland from
you."-To which Haran had replied : “How can such an attitude make for the country's reform ?” Whereupon Gora had roared out : “Reform ? That can wait a while yet. More important than reforms are love and respect. Reform will come of itself from within, after we are a united people. You would break up the country into a hundred bits by your policy of separateness. Because, forsooth, our country is full of superstitions, you, the non-superstitious, must keep superior and aloof! What I say is,-may it be my greatest desire never to keep apart from the rest, even by becoming superior ! When at last we are really one, then which of our orthodox practices shall remain and which be abolished, the country, and He who is the God of our country, shall decide.” Haran had retorted : “ The country is full of just such practices and customs as do not allow it to become united." To which Gora answered : “ If you believe that you must first root up all evil practices and customs before our country can become one, then, every time you have to cross the ocean, you would have to begin by scooping out the water. Put away all your pride and contempt, and in true humility become inwardly one with all, and then shall your love over- come a thousand defects and evils. In every society there are faults and weaknesses, but so long as the people are united to one another by the bonds of love, they are able to neutralise all the poison. The cause of rottenness is always present in the air, but so long as you are alive it cannot work,-only dead things decay. Let me tell you that we are not going to submit to outside attempts to reform us, whether it be from you or from foreign missionaries.” “Why not?” Haran had asked, and Gora had replied : “ There is a good reason. We can take correction from our parents, but when the police come to do it there is more of insult than of improvement in the process, and we only lower our manhood if we suffer it. First acknowledge kinship with us, then come to reform us, else even good advice from you will but harm us.” In this way Sucharita recalled Gora's words in every detail, and, as she did so, her heart ached more and more. Tired out at last, she went back to bed and, pressing her eyes with her hands, tried to thrust away these thoughts from her mind and go off to sleep; but her face and ears burned, and her brain Seethed with the rival ideas which struggled within it.
WHEN Binoy had left Paresh Babu's house and was in the street, he said: “You might walk a little more slowly, Gora, old chap,—your legs are longer than mine, and if you don't moderate your pace a little I shall get out of breath trying to keep up with you.” "I want to walk by myself to-night," answered Gora gruffly; “I have got a lot of things to think over.” And he went off rapidly at his usual rate. Binoy felt deeply hurt. By revolting against Gora he had to-day broken his usual rule, and he would have felt relieved if Gora had scolded him. A storm would have cleared the sultry air which hung over the sky of their lifelong friendship, and he could have breathed freely again. Binoy could not feel that Gora was to blame for leaving him in a temper; but this was the first time, in all their long friendship, that there had been any real disagreement between them, and Binoy had a heavy heart as he walked through the dismal rainy night with the dark thunder-clouds rumbling at intervals. It seemed as if his life had suddenly left its beaten track and started off in a new direction. In the darkness Gora had gone one way and he another. Next morning, on getting up, his mind was easier. He felt that in the night he had worked himself up into uncalled- for torment of mind, and now, in the morning, he did not feel that his friendship for Gora and his acquaintanceship with Paresh Babu were so very incompatible. He even smiled at the idea of having made so much of the affair, and at the misery he had felt the night before. So, throwing his shawll over his shoulders, he went off at a good round pace to Gora's house. Gora was seated downstairs, reading. He had caught sight of Binoy in the street, but to-day Binoy's arrival did not make him take his eyes off the paper. Binoy, without saying a word, took away the newspaper from Gora's hands. “I think you've made some mistake," observed Gora coldly. “I am Gourmohan-a superstitious Hindu.” “The mistake is perhaps yours," replied Binoy. “I am Binoy-bhusan, that same Gourmohan's superstitious friend.” 1 A dhuti for the lower part and a tunic for the upper, is the usual Bengali costume at home ; over this is added a scarf or a shawl when going out.
“But Gourmohan is such an incorrigible fellow that he never apologises for his superstitions to any one at all.” “ Binoy too is like that. But he does not try to force his superstitions down others' throats.” In less than no time the two friends were in the middle of a hot discussion, and the neighbours speedily became aware that Gora and Binoy had met. “ What need was there for you that day to deny that you visited at Paresh Babu's ?” Gora asked at length. * There's no question of need at all,” smiled Binoy. “I denied it simply because I had not visited there. Yesterday was the first time that I entered their house.” “It strikes me you know the way to enter all right, but I doubt if you will find the way out so easily !” sneered Gora. * That may be so," said Binoy. “Perhaps I was born that way. I don't find it easy to leave any one for whom I have love or respect. You yourself have had proof of this nature of mine." “ So then your goings there will continue indefinitely from DOW onwards?” “Why should I be the only one to come and go ?. You also have the power of movement: you are not a nailed-down fixture, are you?” “I may go, but I return,” said Gora; "but in the signs I observed in you, there was no suggestion of returning. How did you like your tea ?” " It tasted rather bitter." “ Why then- " “ To have refused it would have been still more bitter." “Is good manners, then, all that is needed to preserve society ?” asked Gora. “ Not always. But look here, Gora, when social conven- tions conflict with the dictates of the heart- Gora in his impatience would not let Binoy finish. “ Heart indeed!” he roared out. “ It is because society is so in- significant for you that at every turn you can find your heart in conflict with it. If only you could have realised how deep the pain of a blow against society goes, you would be ashamed to be sentimentalising over that heart of yours. It rends your heart to give the least bit of offence to Paresh Babu's daughters : it breaks mine to see how easily you can hurt the whole of society on such a slight pretext ! ” “But really, Gora,” expostulated Binoy, “if it is a blow to society for some one to drink a cup of tea, then all I can say
is that such blows are good for the country. If we try to protect the country from this kind of thing, we shall only make it weak and effeminate.” “My dear sir,” replied Gora, “I know every one of these stock arguments—don't take me for an absolute fool. But all this does not arise in the present circumstances. When a sick child does not want to take its medicine, the mother, though quite well, drinks some herself to console the child with the idea that both are in the same plight. That is not a question of medical treatment, but of personal love, and if that love is lacking, however reasonable the mother's actions may be, the relation of mother and child is hurt, and with it is lost the desired effect. I do not quarrel with the tea-cup- it is the breaking of the relations with our country which hurts me. Far easier is it to refuse the tea,--even to give offence to Paresh Babu's daughters! In the present state of our country, to become one in spirit with all is our chief task. When once we have accomplished that, the question of whether we should drink tea or not will be settled in two words.” “ Then I see it will be long enough before I drink my second cup of tea ! ” observed Binoy. “No, there's no reason why it should be so very long," replied Gora. “But, Binoy, why do you insist on holding on to me? The time has come for you to give me up along with the other things in Hindu society which are displeasing to you. Otherwise Paresh Babu's daughters will feel hurt!” At this moment Abinash entered the room. He was a disciple of Gora's, and whatever he heard from Gora's lips his mind made petty and his language made vulgar, as he went on publishing it broadcast. As it happened, however, those who were unable to understand Gora felt that they understood Abinash perfectly, and praised his words accord- ingly. Abinash was especially jealous of Binoy, and when- ever he got the chance he would try conclusions with him with the most foolish arguments. Binoy had no patience with his stupidity and would cut him short; whereupon Gora, taking up the argument, would himself enter the arena; while Abinash would plume himself that it was his ideas which Gora was expounding. Feeling that the arrival of Abinash on the scene effectually spoilt for the time all chance of his becoming reconciled to Gora, Binoy went upstairs to where Anandamoyi was seated outside her store-room, cutting up vegetables for the kitchen.
“I have been hearing your voice for some time,” said Anandamoyi. “Why so early? Did you take your break- fast before coming out ?” If it had been any other day, Binoy would have said : “No, I did not ”—and would there and then have sat down and had a good time, doing justice to Anandamoyi's hospitality. But to-day he replied : “ Thanks, mother, I had my breakfast before starting." To-day he did not want to give Gora further occasion for offence, he knew he had not yet been fully forgiven, and the feeling that he was still being kept somewhat at a distance was inwardly oppressing him. Taking a knife out of his pocket he sat down and began to help Anandamoyi to peel potatoes. After a quarter of an hour he went downstairs again, and finding that Gora and Abinash had gone out together, he remained sitting silently in Gora's room for a time; then he took up the paper and absently glanced over the advertisement columns. At length he heaved a deep sigh and left the house. After his midday meal he again began to feel restless to see Gora. He had never had any hesitation in humbling himself to his friend, but even if he had no pride of his own to stand in the way, the dignity of his friendship had its claims. It is true he felt that his single-hearted loyalty to Gora had suffered because of his allowing room for intimacy with Paresh Babu, and for that he was prepared for Gora's sneers and upbraidings, but to be cast off in this way was more than he could have imagined possible. After going a short distance from his house, Binoy retraced his steps ;-he dared not venture up to Gora's house again, lest his friendship should again be subject to insult.
AFTER several days had passed in this way, Binoy one after- noon sat down after his midday meal, pen in hand, to write a letter to Gora. Putting his utter lack of progress down to the bluntness of his pen, he spent a long time mending it with a knife, with the utmost care. While he was thus engaged, Binoy heard his name called out down below. Throwing the pen on the table, he ran quickly downstairs crying, “ Come up, Mohim Dada.”
Mohim came upstairs and made himself a comfortable seat on Binoy's bed. After he had finished scrutinising the furniture of the room at some length, he said: “Look here, Binoy, it's not that I don't know your address-nor that I have no desire to inquire after your welfare, but the fact is, with you model young men of the present generation there's no chance of getting pan or a smoke in your rooms, so unless there is anything very special, I never ” Here he stopped, seeing that Binoy was looking flurried, but went on : “ If you are thinking of going out to buy a hookah, I beg you to have pity on me. I can forgive you for not offering me tobacco, but I would never survive a new hookah filled by the hand of a clumsy novice.” Mohim took up a fan which was lying near by, and, after he had fanned himself awhile, he managed to come to his point : “ The fact is, I have a reason for coming to see you at the sacrifice of my Sunday afternoon's nap. I want you to do me a favour.” “What favour may that be?” asked Binoy. “Promise first, and then I'll tell you,” replied Mohim. “Of course, if it is anything I can do- “It is a thing you alone can do. You have only to say, yes.” “Why are you so diffident to-day?" asked Binoy. "You know quite well that I am like one of the family—if I can help you in any way, of course I will.” Mohim produced a wrap of pan leaves from his pocket and, offering some to Binoy, stuffed the rest into his own mouth, and, as he chewed them, he said: “You know my daughter Sasi. She's not so bad-looking; for she does not take after her father in that respect. She is getting on in years, and I must be arranging for her marriage. I can't sleep of nights for thinking that she might fall into the hands of some good- for-nothing fellow.” “What makes you so anxious ?” said Binoy comfortingly. “ There's plenty of time for her marriage yet." “If you had a daughter of your own you would understand my anxiety,” replied Mohim, sighing. “As the years pass, up goes her age of itself, but a bridegroom does not come of himself. So as the time flies I am getting into an awful state of mind. If, however, you can give me some hope, then of course I don't mind waiting for a time.” Binoy was in a quandary. “I am afraid I don't know many likely people,” he muttered. “In fact, you may say I practically don't know anybody at all in Calcutta, outside your family-still, I will look around.”
“You know Sasi, at all events,—what kind of a girl she is, and all that ? ” said Mohim. “Of course I do!” laughed Binoy. “Why, I've known her since she was a tiny tot-she's a fine girl.” “ Then you need not look very far, my boy. I offer her to you!” With which Mohim beamed triumphantly. “What !” cried Binoy, now thoroughly alarmed. “I beg your pardon if I have put my foot in it,” said Mohim. “Of course your family is better than ours, but surely, with one of your modern education, that need not stand in the way ?” “No, no !” exclaimed Binoy. “It is not a question of family,—but just think of her tender age ” “What do you mean?” protested Mohim. “Sasi is quite old enough! The girls of Hindu homes are not mem-sahibs- it would never do to fly in the face of our own customs." Mohim was not a man to let his victim off so easily, and in his clutches Binoy felt he hardly knew what to do. At last he said : “ Well, let's have a little time to think it over.” “ Take your time by all means. You need not think I came to fix the happy day straight off.” “I have my people to consult- ” began Binoy again. “Of course, of course," broke in Mohim. “ They certainly must be consulted. So long as your uncle is alive, we could not think of doing anything against his wishes.” And taking some more pan from his pocket he went away, appearing to regard the matter as settled. Some time ago Anandamoyi had thrown out a suggestion as to the possibility of Binoy marrying Sasi, but Binoy had not paid any heed to it. To-day also the match did not appear to him any the more suitable, but nevertheless he allowed the idea a place in his mind. If the marriage took place, thought he to himself, then he would really become one of Gora's family, not to be so easily cast off. He had always considered as laughable the English custom of regarding marriage as an affair of the heart, and so to him there was nothing impossible in the idea of his union with Sasi. In fact, he felt a special pleasure for the moment, because this proposal of Mohim's would give him an excuse for seeking Gora's advice. He half hoped that his friend would even press him to accept it, for he was sure that, if he didn't agree too readily, Mohim would ask Gora to intercede. These thoughts gradually drove away Binoy's depression, and, in his eagerness to see Gora at once, he started out
towards his house. He had not gone far when he heard Satish calling to him from behind. He returned to his lodgings with the boy, who produced from his pocket something tied up in his handkerchief. “Guess what's in here!” said Satish. Binoy named all kinds of impossible things such as “A skull," " A puppy,” but only succeeded in winning Satish's disapproval. At last, opening the bundle, Satish displayed some black- looking fruits and asked : “ Can you tell me what these are ?" Binoy ventured a few random guesses, and when he had given it up, Satish explained that an aunt who lived in Rangoon had sent a parcel of these fruits for the family, and his mother had sent a few to Binoy Babu as a present. Burmese mangosteens were not often seen in Calcutta in those days, so Binoy shook them and pinched them and then asked : “ How on earth is one to eat this fruit, Satish Babu ?” Satish, laughing at Binoy's ignorance, said : “See here, you must not try and bite them—you must cut them with a knife and then eat the inside.” Satish, only a short while before, had caused great amuse- ment to his relatives with his fruitless attempts to bite into one of them; he was now able to forget his own discomfiture by laughing at Binoy. After these two friends of unequal age had joked together for a little, Satish said : “ Binoy Babu, mother says that if you have time you must come home with me. To-day is Lila's birthday.” “I'm sorry I shan't have time to-day,” said Binoy. “I am going somewhere else.” “Where are you going?” asked Satish. “ To my friend's house. “What, that friend of yours ? " “ Yes." Satish could not understand the logic which prevented Binoy from going to their house, but compelled him to go to another friend and that too a friend whom he, for his part, could not bear. Satish disliked the very idea of Binoy's wanting to see such a friend, who looked even more severe than his head master, and from whom any appreciation of his wonderful musical box seemed quite out of the question. So he insisted : “No, Binoy Babu, you must come home with me.”
It did not take long before Binoy had to capitulate. For all the conflict of his inclinations, for all the objections which occurred to his mind, he at last took his captor's hand and started towards No. 78. It was impossible for Binoy not to feel pleased at being specially chosen to share the rare fruits from Burma, or to ignore the overture of intimacy which this implied. When Binoy was approaching Paresh Babu's house he saw Haran coming out with several other unknown people who had been invited to Lila's birthday feast. Haran Babu, however, went off without appearing to notice him. As he entered the house Binoy heard the sound of laughter and scampering. Sudhir had stolen the key of the drawer where Labonya kept her album hidden. Amongst the poems selected by this youthful aspirant for literary fame were some which would have been fit subject for jest, and Sudhir was threatening to read these out before the assembled company. It was when the struggle between the two sides was at its height that Binoy appeared on the battle-field. On his arrival Labonya's party vanished in the twinkling of an eye, and Satish ran after them to share in the fun. Presently Sucharita came into the room and said: “Mother asks you to wait a little, she will he here directly. Father has gone to call on Anath Babu, and will not be late coming back either.” With the idea of putting Binoy more at ease Sucharita began to talk to him about Gora. She said with a laugh : "I imagine he'll never enter our house again !” " What makes you think so ?” asked Binoy. “He certainly was shocked to see us girls appear in the presence of men,” explained Sucharita. “I don't suppose he has any respect except for women who give themselves entirely to domestic duties." Binoy found it difficult to answer this remark. He would have been only too pleased to be able to contradict it, but how could he say what he knew was untrue ? So he merely said : “ Gora's opinion is, I think, that unless girls give their whole mind to housework they are wanting in their loyalty to their duty." To this Sucharita replied : “ Then would not it be better for men and women to have a complete division of duties? If you allow men into the house, their duty to the world outside may likewise suffer! Are you also of the same opinion as your friend ?”
About the social code for women Binoy had up till this time agreed with Gora, and had even written articles about it in the papers. But he could hardly bring himself to admit such opinions now. “Don't you think,” he said, “that in all such matters we are really the slaves of convention ? We are first of all shocked to see women outside their homes because we are not accustomed to it, and then we try to justify our feelings by making it out to be unseemly or improper. Tradition is really at the bottom, the arguments are only an excuse.” Sucharita, with little questions and suggestions, kept the conversation to the subject of Gora, and Binoy said whatever he had to say about his friend with a sincere eloquence. He had never before arranged his illustrations and arguments so well. It is doubtful, indeed, whether even Gora himself could have expounded his own principles so clearly and so brilliantly. Stimulated by his own unexpected cleverness and power of expression, Binoy felt a joyous exhilaration which made his face radiant. He said : “ Our scriptures say: Know thyself --for knowledge is liberation. I can tell you that my friend Gora is India's self-knowledge incarnate. I can never think of him as an ordinary man. While the minds of all the rest of us are scattered in different directions by every trifling attraction, or by the temptation of novelty, he is the one man who stands firm amidst all distractions, uttering in a voice of thunder the mantram : Know thyself.” The talk would have gone on indefinitely, for Sucharita was listening eagerly, but suddenly there came from the adjoining room the sound of Satish's shrill voice reciting- Tell me not, in mournful numbers, “Life is but an empty dream!” Poor Satish never got the chance of displaying his attain- ments before visitors. Guests were often made hot and un- comfortable by being made to listen to Lila's recitations of English poetry, but Baroda never called upon Satish, although in everything there was a keen rivalry between the two. Satish's greatest joy in life was to humble Lila's pride, if he could find any way to do so. The day before Lila had been put to the test before Binoy, but then Satish had no opportunity of proving his superiority without being invited. He would only have been snubbed if he had tried. So to-day he began to recite in the adjoining room as if doing it for himself, at which Sucharita could not restrain her laughter.
At that moment Lila rushed into the room, her hair swinging in braids, and, running up to Sucharita, whispered something in her ear. Meanwhile the clock struck four. Binoy had determined, on his way to Paresh Babu's house, that he would leave it early and go to see Gora. And the more he had talked about his friend, the more eager he had become to meet him. Thus reminded of the hour, he got up hurriedly from his chair. “Must you be going so soon ?” exclaimed Sucharita. * Mother is preparing tea for you. Won't it do if you go a little later?" To Binoy this was not a question, but a command, so he sat down again at once. Labonya in a fine silk dress now came in and announced that tea was ready, and her mother wanted them to come up on to the terrace. While Binoy took his tea Mistress Baroda entertained him with the complete biography of each of her children. Lolita took Sucharita away with her out of the room, and there was only Labonya left, sitting with her head bent over her knitting. Somebody had once complimented her on the play of her delicate fingers when she knitted, and ever since she had made a habit of starting this work without any special reason, whenever there were visitors present. Paresh Babu came in just as evening fell, and as it was Sunday he proposed that they should go to the Brahmo Samaj service. Mistress Baroda turned to Binoy and said that, if he had no objection, they would be glad of his company. After this Binoy could not see his way to make any objection. They divided themselves between two gharries and set off for the Samaj. When the service was over and they were just preparing to get into the cabs, Sucharita with a little start exclaimed : “ Why, there goes Gourmohan Babu !' There was not a doubt that Gora had seen the party, but he had hurried away as if he had not noticed them. Binoy was ashamed at his friend's rudeness, but he understood at once the reason of this precipitate retreat. Gora had caught sight of him in that company. The happiness which had lit up his mind all this time was suddenly extinguished. Sucharita immediately read Binoy's thoughts and divined the cause of them, and because Gora could judge a friend like Binoy so unfairly, all the more because of his unjust prejudice against Brahmos, her indignation against him once more gained the mastery. She longed more than ever for Gora's discomfiture, no matter by what means.
WHEN Gora sat down to his midday meal, Anandamoyi tried to introduce the subject that was uppermost in her thoughts. “ Binoy came here this morning,” she said by way of an opening. “Did you not see him?" Without looking up from his food, Gora answered shortly : “ Yes, I did.” “I asked him to stay,” returned Anandamoyi after a long silence, “but he went off in an absent-minded sort of way." Gora made no reply, and Anandamoyi went on: “Gora, there's something on his mind, I'm sure. I've never seen him like this before. I don't like it at all.” Gora went on eating without a word. Anandamoyi was a little afraid of Gora just because she loved him so dearly, so she was generally reluctant to press him on any matter when he himself did not open his mind to her. On any other occasion she would have let the subject drop, but to-day she was so anxious about Binoy that she went on: “Look here, Gora, don't be annoyed if I speak plainly. God has created many kinds of men, but He does not intend them all to tread the same path. Binoy loves you as his own life, that is why he will put up with anything from you—but nothing good can come of your trying to force him to your way of thinking.” “Mother, bring me some more milk, will you ? ” was Gora's only reply. Here the conversation ended. After her own meal was over, Anandamoyi sat thoughtfully sewing on her bed, while Lachmi, having vainly tried to draw her into a discussion about the special wickedness of one of the servants, lay down to have her nap on the floor. Gora spent a long time over finishing his correspondence. Binoy had seen quite plainly in the morning how angry he was, and it was unthinkable to Gora that he would not come to make it up. So in all that he was doing he kept listening for Binoy's footsteps. But the day wore on and yet Binoy did not come. Gora had just made up his mind to stop writing when Mohim entered the room. He dropped into a chair, and plunged right into the subject by asking: “What have you been thinking about Sasi's marriage ?” As Gora had never given a single thought to the question he could not but maintain a guilty silence.
Mohim then tried to bring Gora to a due sense of his duties as uncle by expatiating on the high price of bridegrooms in the marriage market, and the difficulty of furnishing the requisite dowry in the present circumstances of the family. And, having duly cornered Gora into the confession that he could see no way out of the difficulty, Mohim relieved him no need for Mohim to take such a roundabout way, but, whatever he might say to Gora's face, in his heart of hearts Mohim was a little afraid of him. Gora had never even dreamt that Binoy's name could come up in such a connection, especially as they had both decided to remain unmarried in order to devote their love to the service of their country. So he simply said : “ But will Binoy agree to marry at all ?” “Is this the kind of Hindu you are ? ” broke out Mohim. " For all your caste-marks and tikis, your English education has got right into your bones. Surely you know that the scriptures enjoin marriage as the duty of every son of a Brahmin !” Mohim neither ignored the traditional customs like modern young men, nor did he particularly affect the scriptures. He thought it absurd to make a show of eating at hotels ; nor did he think it necessary for plain, sober folk to be always quoting sacred texts, as Gora loved to do. But his policy was “ In Rome do as the Romans do," and so to Gora he did not neglect an appeal to the scriptures. Had this proposal been made two days earlier, Gora would simply not have listened to it. To-day, however, it did not seem to him to be so entirely unworthy of regard. At all events it gave him an immediate excuse for going to see Binoy. So eventually he said : “All right, I'll find out what Binoy thinks about it." "You needn't worry about finding that out,” replied Mohim. “He will think just as you tell him to think. If you put in a word in favour, it will be all right, so we may take it as settled.” Gora went off to Binoy's lodgings the same evening and burst like a storm into his room, only to find it empty. He called the servant-boy and heard that Binoy had gone to No. 78. A poisonous flood of antipathy against Paresh Babu, his family, and the whole Brahmo Samaj filled Gora's heart, and, bearing this overflowing revolt within him, he rushed off to
Paresh Babu's house. His intention was to speak out quite straight, so as to make it too hot for that Brahmo household, and not too comfortable for Binoy either. But on reaching the house he found that all of them had gone out to the evening service. For a moment he was in doubt as to whether Binoy had accompanied them-perhaps he might this very moment be at Gora's house. Gora could hardly contain himself, and with his usual impetuosity he at once made for the Brahmo Samaj. As he reached the door he saw Binoy following Mistress Baroda into a cab. There was this shameless fellow, in full view of the open street, seated in the company of a lot of strange girls ! The fool! To have got so completely caught in the coils- so quickly too, and so easily ! Friendship, then, no longer had any charms. Gora went off like the wind, while Binoy in the darkness of the carriage sat silently looking out into the street. Mistress Baroda, thinking that the sermon had moved him, did not care to interrupt his meditations. CHAPTER XV Gora, on returning home that night, went straight up to the roof-terrace and there began to pace up and down. After a while Mohim came up panting. “ Since man has not been provided with wings,” he grumbled, “why on earth does he build three-storied houses? The heaven-dwelling gods will never tolerate these land animals trying to creep right up to the skies! Did you go to see Binoy?” Without giving a direct answer Gora said : "Sasi's marriage with Binoy is impossible.” “Why, doesn't Binoy agree?" “ I don't agree!” “What!” cried Mohim, raising his hands in dismay. “What new caprice have you on the brain now ?-may I know why you won't ?” “I have realised,” explained Gora, “ that it will be next to impossible to keep Binoy orthodox for long, so it won't do to bring him into our family.” “Well, I never !” ejaculated Mohim. “Many a bigot have I seen in my day, but this beats them all. You are going one better than even the Benares or Nadia pandits. They
are satisfied when they see orthodoxy. You want orthodoxy warranted to last. You'll be wanting to purify some one next, because you dreamt he became a Christian !” After some more words had been exchanged, Mohim said : “But I can't hand the child over to the first uneducated boor I come across. Educated people are bound to miss some rule of scripture or other now and then—for that, you may wrangle with them, or even mock at them, but why punish my poor girl by forbidding them to marry ? What a fellow you are for getting things wrong side up!”. When Mohim came back downstairs he went straight to Anandamoyi and said : “Mother, do put the brake on your Gora !” " Why, what's he been doing?” asked Anandamoyi. Mohim explained : “I had practically settled that Binoy should marry my Sasi, and got Gora to agree to it too; but now he has suddenly found out that Binoy is not enough of a Hindu for him-it appears that his views do not square with the ancient law-givers in every particular! So Gora has turned nasty-and you know what it means when he does that. Next to the law-givers, you are the only one in the world for whose opinion Gora cares. If only you say the word, my daughter's future is assured. It won't be possible to find another such husband for her.” Mohim then gave a detailed account of the talk he had had with Gora. Anandamoyi was much upset, feeling more than ever that some difference was widening into a real gulf between Gora and Binoy. Going upstairs she found that Gora had stopped pacing the terrace, and was reading, seated on a chair in his room with his feet upon another. She drew up another chair and sat down beside him, whereupon Gora put his feet down and, sitting upright, looked her in the face. "Gora, my darling,” began Anandamoyi. “Listen to me, and don't get into a quarrel with Binoy. To me you are like two brothers, and I can't bear the thought of any difference between you." “If my friend wants to cut himself adrift," said Gora, “ I'm not going to waste my time running after him.” “My dear, I don't know what the trouble between you is, but if you can bring yourself to believe that Binoy wants to cut the ties that bind him to you, where is the strength of your friendship ?” “Mother,” replied Gora, "you know I like to follow a
straight path. If any one wants to keep astride the fence, I'll ask him to take away his leg from my side, and I don't care whether he or I get hurt in the process.” “What after all has happened ?" expostulated Ananda- moyi. “He has been visiting at a Brahmo house—isn't that the whole of his fault ?” “ That's a long story, mother.” “Let it be as long as it may, but I have one little word to put in. You plume yourself on your steadfastness—that you never give up what you once take hold of. Why then is your hold on Binoy so loose ? Had your Abinash wanted to secede from the party, would you have let him go so easily? Does the keeping of Binoy mean so little to you, just because he is such a true friend ?” Gora remained silent and thoughtful, for Anandamoyi's words had made his own mind clear to him. All this while he had been thinking he was sacrificing friendship to duty. He now saw that the exact opposite was the truth. He had been ready to inflict on Binoy love's extreme penalty merely because the exactions of his friendship had not been submitted to. The strength of their friendship claimed to keep Binoy tied fast to his will, and Gora felt sore simply because that had not happened. As soon as Anandamoyi saw that her words had made an impression, she rose to go without saying any more. Gora, too, jumped off his chair and snatched his shawl from the rack. “Where are you off to ?” asked Anandamoyi. “ To Binoy's." “ Won't you have your dinner first? It's ready.” “I'll bring Binoy back with me and we'll dine together.” Anandamoyi turned to go downstairs, but stopped as she heard footsteps coming up, saying : “Here's Binoy himself !” and a moment later Binoy appeared. Anandamoyi's eyes filled with tears as she saw him. “I hope you haven't dined yet, Binoy, my child ? ” she asked him affectionately. “No, mother,” he replied. “ Then you are to dine here.” Binoy looked towards Gora, and Gora said : “Binoy, you will live long. I was just going to see you ! ” Anandamoyi felt a load lifted from her mind as she hurried away, leaving the friends to themselves. When the two were seated, neither of them could muster
up the courage to begin on the subject uppermost in their minds. Gora led off with small talk. “Do you know that new gymnastic instructor we have got for the boys of the club?” he began. “He is a splendid teacher !” And thus they went on till they were summoned downstairs for dinner. When they sat down to their meal Anandamoyi could see from their conversation that the veil between them had not yet been lifted. So when they had finished, she said : “Binoy, it's now so late that you must stay the night here. I'll send a message to your lodgings.” Binoy cast an inquiring glance at Gora's face and then he said : “ The Sanskrit adage tells us that he who has dined should bear himself right royally—therefore will I not walk the streets this night, but rest me here.” The two then went up on to the roof, and rested on a mat spread on the open terrace. The sky was flooded with the autumn moonlight. Thin white clouds, like short spells of drowsiness, passed over the moon and then floated away. On every side, up to the horizon, stretched rows of roofs of all heights and sizes, mingling here and there with the tops of trees, like an unmeaning, unsubstantial phantasy of light and shade. The clock of a neighbouring church struck eleven. The hawkers of ices had given their last call. The sound of the traffic grew faint. There was not a sign of wakefulness in the lane near by, except for the occasional bark of a dog, or the sound of the neighbours' horses kicking against the wooden floor of their stables. For a long time neither of them spoke, till at last Binoy, hesitatingly at first, but gradually giving full vent to his emotion, spoke out his mind. “My heart is too full to contain itself, Gora,” he said. “I know that you yourself are not interested in the subject of my thoughts, but I cannot rest until I have told you all. I cannot judge whether the thing is good or evil, but this much I know for certain,-it is not to be trified with. I have read a great deal about it, and up till now I imagined I knew all there was to be known,-just as one may dream of the delights of swimming when looking on the picture of a lake; but now that I am in the water, I don't find it such an easy matter!” With this introduction Binoy began to unfold to Gora, as best he could, the wonderful experience which had come into his life. Nowadays, he averred, it seemed as if all his days and nights enveloped him completely—as if the sky had no
gap in it, but was filled with sweetness, like the beehive with honey in the springtime. Everything nowadays came close to him, touched him, had for him a new meaning. He had never known before that he loved the world so deeply, that the sky was so wonderful, the light so marvellous, that even the stream of unknown wayfarers along the streets could be so profoundly real! He longed to do something for every one he came across,—to dedicate his powers to the eternal service of the world, as did the sun. From the way Binoy spoke, one would hardly infer that he had any particular person in mind. He seemed to have a delicacy about mentioning any name-or even giving a hint that there was a name to mention. He almost felt guilty to be talking thus at all. It was a liberty, an insult, but it was too tempting to be resisted on such a night, seated by the side of his friend, under the silent sky. What a wonderful face! How the glow of life delicately revealed itself in the tenderness of her forehead! What a glorious intelligence, what inexpressible depths in her features ! How radiantly did her innermost thoughts blossom out in her eyes when she smiled !-how unutterably did they lurk beneath the shade of her eyelashes! And those two hands of hers ! They seemed to speak, so eager were they to express in beauty of service the tender devotion of her mind. Binoy felt his life and youth to be fulfilled with this vision-great waves of joy dashed against his breast as it repeatedly flooded his heart. What could be more wonderful than to be privileged to experience what so many other people in this world have to go through life without even seeing ? Could this be some madness ? Was it in any way wrong? What if it were-it was too late to check it now. If the current should carry him to some shore, well and good ; but if it should float him off, or drown him, that could not be helped. The trouble was he did not even wish to be rescued—it seemed as if the true goal of all his life was thus to be swept away from all bonds of tradition and habit. Gora listened on in silence. On many such moonlit nights, seated alone together amidst the stillness all around, the two friends had discussed all manner of things literature, people, the welfare of society, how they two would spend their future lives—but never anything so intimate. Gora had never come face to face with such a true revelation, such a vivid expression of the inner truth of the human heart. He had always looked down upon this kind of thing as rubbishy poetic outpourings
--but to-day it touched him so closely, he could ignore it no longer. Not only so, the violence of its outburst knocked at the door of his mind too,-its rapture thrilled through his being like flashes of lightning. For an instant the veil was lifted off an unsuspected region of his heart, and the magic of the autumn moonlight found entrance and irradiated that erst while obscure chamber. They were not aware, as they talked on, when the moon descended behind the roofs, and its place was taken by a faint hint of light in the east, like the smile on the face of a sleeping child. When at length the burden that lay on Binoy's mind was lightened, he began to feel a little ashamed. After a pause he went on: “ This thing that has happened to me must seem very trivial in your eyes. Perhaps it makes you feel a contempt for me,—but what am I to do? I have never kept anything back from you, and I've unburdened myself to you now, whether you understand me or not.” Gora replied : “ Binoy, I can't honestly say that I exactly understand this kind of thing, nor would you have understood it any better a few days ago. I can't even deny that, amidst all the immensity of life, this side of it, for all its effusiveness and passion, has struck me as utterly trivial. But perhaps it may not be really so that much I am free to admit. It has seemed to me thin and unsubstantial because I have never experienced its power or its depths. But now I cannot dismiss as false what you have realised so tremendously. The fact of the matter is, that if the truths outside the field of one's own work did not appear of less moment, no man could have carried on with his duty. Therefore God has not confused man by making all objects equally clear to his vision. We must select for ourselves the field on which we would focus our attention, and forgo our greed for all the rest outside it, else we shall never find the truth at all. I cannot worship at the shrine where you have seen truth's image, for if I did I should have to lose the inner truth of my own life. We must choose one course or the other.” “I see !” exclaimed Binoy. “Either Binoy's course, or Gora's. I am out to fulfil myself—you to give yourself up.” Gora interrupted impatiently : “ Binoy, don't try to be epigrammatic! I can quite see that to-day you stand face to face with a great truth, with which there can be no trifling. You have to give yourself entirely up to it if you want to realise any truth-there's no other way of getting at it. It is
the one desire of my life that my truth may come before me as vividly some day. So long, you have been content with what you knew of love from books. I also have only a book knowledge of the love of country. Now that you have experienced the real thing, you realise how much more true it is than the thing you read about. It claims nothing less than the whole of your universe; there is no place where you can get away from it. When once my love of country becomes so overwhelmingly self-evident, then also there will be no escape for me,- it will draw out all my wealth and life, my blood, the very marrow of my bones ; my sky, my light, in fact my all. How wonderful, how beautiful, how clear, how obvious that true image of my country will be,-how fierce and overpowering will be its pain, its joy, overpassing in a moment both life and death by its turbulent flood,—of this I caught glimpses as I listened to you speaking. This experience that has come into your life has brought new life to me also. Whether I shall ever be able to understand what you have felt I know not, but I seem to have been able to experience through you some taste of what I have been yearning for myself.” As he spoke Gora had left the mat and was walking up and down. The tinge of dawn in the east seemed like a spoken message to him ; his very soul was moved, as if he had heard the chanting of Vedic mantras in some ancient forest retreat of India. For a moment he stood motionless, thrilling through and through, while it seemed to him that through the top of his brain a lotus-stem had pierced its way and unfolded into a radiant blossom, filling the skies above him with its expand- ing petals. His whole life, its consciousness, its power, seemed to lose itself in the bliss of its supreme beauty, When Gora came to himself again, he said suddenly : “Binoy, even this love of yours you will have to transcend- I tell you it will not do to stop there. One day I will show you how great and true is He who has called me with His mighty power. To-day I am filled with a great joy-I know I will never give you up into any lesser hands.” Binoy rose from the mat and came and stood beside Gora, who with an unwonted enthusiasm pressed Binoy to his bosom as he said : " Brother, for us 'tis death the same death. We two are one; none shall separate us, none shall ever hinder us.” Gora's tumultuous emotion sent its waves pulsing through Binoy's heart, and without a word he surrendered himself
completely to his friend's influence. They paced the terrace together in silence, while the eastern sky flushed crimson. Gora spoke again : “ Brother, the goddess of my worship does not come to me enshrined in beauty. I see her where there is poverty and famine, pain and insult. Not where worship is offered with song and flower, but where life's blood is sacrificed. To me, however, it is the greatest joy that no element of mere pleasantness is there to seduce one; there one must rouse himself with his full strength and be prepared to give up his all. No sweetness cloys such manifestation; it is an irresistible, unbearable awakening, cruel and terrible, in which the strings of being are struck so harshly that all the tones of the gamut cry out as they are snapped asunder. When I think of it, my heart leaps—such joy I feel is fit joy for a man-it is Siva's dance of life. The whole quest of man is the vision of the New as it appears in all its beauty on the flaming crest of the Old as it is destroyed. On the background of this blood-red sky I can see a radiant Future, freed from its bonds,- I can see it in to-day's approaching dawn-listen, you can hear its drum-beats in my breast !” And Gora, taking Binoy's hand, placed it over his heart. “Gora, my brother,” said Binoy, deeply moved, “I will be your comrade through and through. But I warn you never to let me hesitate. Like cruel fate itself, you must drag me along without mercy. We are both on the same road, but our strength is not the same.” “ Our natures are different, it is true,” replied Gora, " but a supreme joy will make our different natures one. A greater love than that which binds us to each other will unite us. So long as such greater love does not become true for both of us, there will be friction and falling out at every step. Then will come a day when, forgetting all our differences, forgetting even our friendship, we shall be able to stand together, immovable, in an immense passion of self-abandonment. In that austere joy we shall find the ultimate fulfilment of our friendship.” “So may it be ! ” responded Binoy, pressing Gora's hand. “ But meanwhile I shall give you much pain,” Gora went on. “You will have to bear with all my tyranny--for it will not do to look upon our friendship as an end in itself-we must not dishonour it by trying to preserve it at any cost. If our friendship must perish for the sake of the greater love, that can't be helped; but if it can survive, then it will be fulfilled indeed." They both started on hearing footsteps behind them, and,
looking round, they saw that Anandamoyi had come up. She took a hand of each of them and drew them towards the bed- room, saying : “ Come, get along to bed !” “No, mother, we can't sleep now,” exclaimed both together. “ Oh yes, you can!” said Anandamoyi, as she made the two friends lie down. Then, shutting the door, she sat by their pillow fanning them. “ All your fanning will not do, mother,” said Binoy. “ Sleep won't come to us now.” “Won't it? We'll see about that!” replied Anandamoyi. “At any rate, if I stay here you won't be able to begin talking again.” When the two of them had fallen asleep, Anandamoyi crept quietly out of the room, and on her way downstairs met Mohim coming up. “Not now," she cautioned him. “ They've been awake all night. I've only just sent them off to sleep." “My goodness—this is friendship with a vengeance," said Mohim. “Do you know if they discussed the marriage question at all ? “No, I don't,” replied Anandamoyi. “ They must have come to some decision,” Mohim mused aloud. “When on earth will they wake up ? Unless the marriage takes place soon, there may be all kinds of complications." “There will be no complications,” laughed Anandamoyi, “if they are allowed a little more sleep. They are sure to wake sometime to-day.” CHAPTER XVI “ AREN'T you going to get Sucharita married at all ?” cried Mistress Baroda. Paresh Babu stroked his beard in his customary quiet manner, as he asked in his gentle Voice: “Where is the bridegroom ?” To which his wife replied : “ Why, it's practically settled that she is to marry Panu Babu-at least we all think so- and Sucharita herself knows it too." “ I'm not sure that Sucharita looks with favour on Panu Babu," ventured Paresh Babu. “ Now look here,” cried his spouse, “that's just the sort
of thing I can't stand. What if we have always treated the girl like one of our own daughters—why need she put on such airs ? If such an educated and religious man as Panu Babu is taken with her, is that a thing to be treated lightly? What- ever you may say, although my Labonya is much better- looking, I can assure you she will never say 'No' to any one we are pleased to marry her to. If you go on encouraging Sucharita’s conceit, it will be a hard task to find a bridegroom for her. Paresh Babu never argued with his wife, especially about Sucharita, so he kept silent. When, on the birth of Satish, Sucharita's mother died, the girl had been only seven years old. Her father, Ram-sharan Haldar, had, on losing his wife, joined the Brahmo Samaj, and to avoid the persecution of his neighbours had taken refuge at Dacca. It was while he was working in the Post Office there that Paresh Babu had become his intimate friend, so much so that Sucharita from that time loved him like her own father. Ram-sharan Babu died suddenly, leaving whatever money he had to his two children, and making Paresh Babu trustee. It was from then that the two orphans had come to live in Paresh Babu's family. The reader already knows what an enthusiastic Brahmo Haran was. He had a hand in all the activities of the Samaj,- he was a teacher in the Night School, editor of their Journal, secretary of the Girls' School, -in fact he was indefatigable. Every one expected that this young man would eventually take a very high position in the Brahmo Samaj. Even out- side the Samaj he had become famous, through the pupils of his school, for his mastery of the English language and his knowledge of philosophy. For these various reasons Sucharita had shown a special respect towards Haran, just as she did to all other good Brahmos. When she had come to Calcutta from Dacca, she had even been eager to make his acquaintance. Eventually not only had Sucharita become acquainted with this renowned person, but he had not hesitated to show his preference for her. Not that Haran openly declared his love for Sucharita, but he devoted himself so single-mindedly to the task of removing her imperfections, correcting her faults, increasing her enthusiasm, and generally improving her, that it became clear to all that he wished to make this particular girl worthy of being a helpmate unto himself. As for Sucharita, when she realised that she had won the heart
of this famous man, she could not help a feeling of pride in herself mingling with her respect for him. Although no definite proposal had been made to the authorities concerned, since everybody had settled that Haran was to marry her, Sucharita also accepted it as a settled fact, and it became her special concern to see how, by study and practice, she could become worthy of the man who had sacrificed his life to the welfare of the Brahmo Samaj. The thought of this marriage appeared to her like a stone fortress of fear, awe, and responsibility-not a place for merely living in happily, but for strenuous striving--not a family event, but a matter of history. Had the marriage taken place at this juncture, the bride's people, at any rate, would have regarded it as a piece of good fortune. Unfortunately, however, Haran had come to regard the responsibilities of his own important life as so immense that he thought it unworthy of himself to marry merely because of mutual attraction. He felt unable to take the step without first considering in all aspects how far the Brahmo Samaj would be benefited by the marriage. It was with this in view that he first began to test Sucharita. But when you venture thus to test others you get yourself tested likewise. So when Haran came to be known in this home by his more familiar title “ Panu Babu,” it was no longer possible to see in him only that storehouse of English learning and receptacle of metaphysical wisdom who stood like an incarnation of all that benefited the Brahmo Samaj,- the fact that he was a man had also to be taken into account; and in such capacity he ceased to be a mere object of reverence, but became also a subject of likes and dislikes. The strange thing was, that the very aspect which from a distance had aroused Sucharita's reverence, on closer acquaint- ance struck her unfavourably. The way in which Haran constituted himself the guardian and protector of whatever was true, good or beautiful in the Brahmo Samaj, made him appear ridiculously small. The real relationship of man with truth is the relationship of a devotee-for in that spirit a man's nature becomes humble. When a man is proud and overbearing, he shows only too clearly his own comparative smallness. In this respect Sucharita could not help noticing the difference between Paresh Babu and Haran. To look at Paresh Babu's calm face, the nobility of the truth he bore within him became apparent. With Haran it was quite the reverse, for his Brahmoism, with its aggressive self-conceit,
obscured everything else, and came out, in all its ungainliness, in whatever he said or did. When, obsessed with his own idea of the welfare of the Brahmo Samaj, Haran would not hesitate to impugn even Paresh Babu's judgement, Sucharita would writhe like a wounded snake. At that time in Bengal, English educated people did not study the Bhagavadgita, but Paresh Babu used to read it occasionally to Sucharita, and had even read nearly the whole of the Mahabharata to her. Haran disapproved of this, for he wanted to banish all such books from Brahmo households. He himself never read them, wishing to keep aloof from all such literature favoured by the orthodox. Amongst the scriptures of the world-religions his only support was the Bible. The fact that Paresh Babu drew no line between Brahmo and non-Brahmo in such things as the study of scriptures, and other matters which he regarded as un- essential, was a thorn in the side of Haran. But Sucharita could not bear that any one should have the arrogance to find fault with Paresh Babu's conduct, even secretly. And it was this open display of arrogance on his part which lowered Haran in her eyes. But although Sucharita felt herself becoming estranged every day by the violence of Haran's sectarianism and by his dry narrow-mindedness, the probability of her marriage with him had never yet been questioned by either side. In a religious community, a man who labels himself with a high- priced ticket gradually comes to be taken at his own valuation. So much so that even Paresh Babu did not dispute Haran's claims, and because every one regarded him as one of the future pillars of the Samaj, he also gave his tacit consent to the idea. Nay, further, the only questioning that ever exercised him was as to whether Sucharita was good enough for such a husband; it had never so much as occurred to him to inquire how far Haran was pleasing to Sucharita. As no one thought it necessary to consult Sucharita's point of view in this matter, she also got into the way of ignoring her own personal inclination. Like the rest of the Brahmo Samaj, she also took it for granted that when it suited Haran to say he was ready to marry her, it would be her part to accept such marriage as her life's chief duty. Matters had been going on thus when Paresh Babu, on hearing the few hot words Sucharita had exchanged with Haran in defence of Gora, began to have misgivings as to whether she had a sufficient respect for him. Perhaps, he
thought, there might be some deeper reason for their differences of opinion, thus come to light. So when Baroda returned to the question of Sucharita's marriage he had not shown his former complaisance. That very day Mistress Baroda drew Sucharita aside and said to her : “You've been making father anxious." Sucharita started in dismay,—that even unconsciously she could be a cause of anxiety to Paresh Babu caused her the greatest concern. She turned pale as she asked: “Why, what have I done?” “How can I know, dear ? ” replied Baroda. “He imagines that you do not like Panu Babu. Practically every one in the Brahmo Samaj believes that your marriage with him is a settled thing--and if you now “Why, mother,” interrupted Sucharita in surprise, “I've never said a word about it to anybody." She had reason to be astonished. She had often been irritated by Haran's behaviour, but she had never for a moment, even in thought, protested against the idea of marrying him, for, as we have seen, it had been impressed on her that the question of her personal happiness had nothing to do with the case. Then she remembered that she had the other day un- guardedly allowed her displeasure with Haran to be visible to Paresh Babu, and, thinking that this was what had upset him, she felt immensely penitent. She had never permitted herself to break out like this before, and vowed she would never let it happen again. Haran himself happening to come that afternoon, Mistress Baroda called him to her room and said: “By the way, Panu Babu, every one is saying that you are going to marry our Sucharita, but I've never heard anything about it from your own lips. If such be really your intention, why don't you speak out?” Haran was unable to keep his avowal back any longer. He felt he must play for safety by definitely making Sucharita captive. The question of her fitness for helping him in his work for the Samaj, and of her devotion to himself personally, could be put to the test later. So he replied : “ That goes without saying. I was only waiting for her to reach her eighteenth year.” "You are over-scrupulous,” said Baroda. “It is enough that she has passed her fourteenth.” 1 1 The legal age.
Paresh Babu was astonished to see Sucharita's behaviour at the tea-table that afternoon, for she had not given Haran such a cordial reception for a long time past. In fact, when he was about to go, she actually pressed him to sit down again, so that she might show him a new piece of embroidery of Labonya's. Paresh Babu was relieved. He thought he must have been mistaken, and smiled to himself, thinking that some secret lovers' quarrel had occurred between the two and had now been made up. Before leaving that evening Haran made a formal proposal for Sucharita's hand to Paresh Babu, adding that he did not wish the wedding to be delayed for long. Paresh Babu was somewhat mystified. “But you used to say,” he objected, “ that it is wrong to marry a girl under eighteen. You've even written to that effect in the papers." "That does not apply to the case of Sucharita,” explained Haran, “ for her mind is unusually developed for her age.” “That may be so," protested Paresh Babu, firm in spite of his mildness. “But, Panu Babu, unless there be any very special reason, you should act according to your own con- victions by waiting till she comes of age.” Haran, ashamed at having been betrayed into this weak- ness, hastened to make amends by saying: “Of course, that is my duty. My only idea was that we should have a formal betrothal at an early date in the presence of friends and of God.” “ Certainly, an excellent suggestion,” agreed Paresh Babu. CHAPTER XVII When, after two or three hours' sleep, Gora awoke and saw Binoy sleeping beside him, his heart was filled with joy. He felt as relieved as one who has dreamt that he has lost some- thing very precious, and wakes up to find that it was only a dream. He realised, with Binoy beside him, how crippled his life would have been if he had given up his friend. Gora felt so elated that he shook Binoy out of his slumber, shouting : “Come along, there's work to do.” Gora had a regular social duty to perform every morning : to visit the poor people of his neighbourhood. It was not with the idea of preaching to them, or of doing them good,
but simply with the desire for their companionship. In fact, he was hardly so intimate with his circle of educated friends as he was with these people. They used to call him “ Uncle " and offer him a hookah specially set apart for higher folk, and Gora had actually forced himself to smoke simply in order to come closer to them. The chief admirer of Gora was one Nanda, the son of a carpenter. He was twenty-two years of age, and worked in his father's shop at making wooden boxes. He was a first- rate sportsman and the best bowler in the local cricket team. Gora had formed a Sports and Cricket Club into which he had introduced these sons of carpenters and blacksmiths on a foot- ing of equality with the well-to-do members. In this mixed company Nanda stood easily first in every kind of manly exercise. In consequence, some of the better-class students were jealous of him, but under Gora's strict discipline they had to acquiesce in his election as their Captain. A few days previously Nanda had wounded his foot with a chisel and had not been attending at the cricket-field for some days, and Gora, being so preoccupied about Binoy all this time, had not been able to make any inquiries, so to-day they started together for the carpenters' quarter to call on Nanda. As they reached the door of Nanda's house they heard the sound of women weeping within. Neither Nanda's father nor any other men-folk of the household were at home, and from a neighbouring shopkeeper Gora learnt that Nanda had died that very morning and his body had just been taken to the burning-ghat. Nanda dead! So healthy and strong, so vigorous and good-hearted, and so young too !-dead, that very morning! Gora stood petrified in every limb. Nanda was a common carpenter's son: the gap caused in his circle would be felt by few, and that perhaps only for a short time; but to Gora, Nanda's death seemed cruelly incongruous and impossible. He had seen what immense vitality he had—so many people were alive, but where could one find such abundance of life? On inquiring into the cause of his death they learnt that it was tetanus. Nanda's father had wanted to call in a doctor, but his mother had insisted that her son was possessed of a devil, so she had sent for an exorcist, who had spent the whole night uttering spells and tormenting the sufferer, searing his body with red-hot wires. At the beginning of the illness Nanda had asked for Gora to be informed, but, fearing lest he
should insist on their having medical aid, Nanda's mother had not sent him the message. “What stupidity, and what a terrible penalty !” groaned Binoy, as they turned away from the house. "Don't comfort yourself, Binoy,” said Gora bitterly, “ by simply calling it stupidity and trying to remain out of it. If you had really a clear vision of how great this stupidity is, and how far-reaching its penalty, you could not have dis- missed the matter with just an expression of regret!” Gora quickened his pace more and more as his excitement grew on him, while Binoy without answering tried to keep up with him. Gora after a short silence suddenly continued : “ Binoy, I can't let the matter end here so easily. The torments inflicted by that charlatan on my Nanda are torturing me, they are torturing the whole of my country. I can't look upon this as a trivial or isolated event.” Finding Binoy still silent, Gora roared out : “ Binoy, I know quite well what's in your mind! You are thinking that there's no remedy, or if there is, it's a long way off. But I can't bear to think in that strain. If I could, I should not have remained alive. Whatever wounds my country, no matter how serious it may be, has its remedy—and that remedy is in my own hands. Because I believe this, I am able to bear all the sorrow and distress and insult that I see around me." “I have not the courage,” said Binoy, “ to keep my faith erect in face of such widespread and terrible misery.” “I shall never bring myself to believe that misery is eternal,” answered Gora. “ The whole will - power and thought-power of the universe is attacking it, within and without. Binoy, I urge you again and again, never even in vour dreams think it impossible for our country to become free. With the conviction of its freedom firm in our hearts, we must keep ourselves in readiness. You want to rest content with the vague idea that at some propitious moment the battle for India's freedom will commence. I say the fight has already begun, and is being carried on every moment. Nothing could be more cowardly than for us to remain unanxious and unwatchful.” “Look here, Gora,” answered Binoy. “Between you and the rest of us I see this difference: our everyday happenings seem to strike you with new force every time, even things that have gone on happening for a long time. But, as for us,
we are as unconscious of them as of the breath we take,- they move us neither to hope nor to despair, neither to rejoicing nor to despondency. Our days slip emptily by, and we realise neither ourselves nor our country in the midst of surrounding events.” Gora suddenly turned scarlet and the veins started out on his forehead, as he clenched his fists and began to run furiously after a man driving a pair of horses, while in a voice that startled the whole street he called out-“Stop! Stop!” The stout, dressy Bengali babu who was driving the turn-out gave one look round and then, with a flourish of his whip on the flanks of his spirited horses, disappeared. An old Mohammedan cook had been crossing the road with a basket of provisions for some European master on his head. The pompous babu had called out to him to get out of the way, but the deaf old man was nearly run over. He managed to save himself, but tripped, and the contents of the basket- fruits, vegetables, butter and eggs--were scattered all over the road. The angry driver turning on his seat had shouted, “You damned pig !” and given the old man such a stinging stroke with his whip that he drew blood. “ Allah! Allah !” sighed the old man as he meekly pro- ceeded to gather up what things were not spoilt into his basket, while Gora, returning to the spot, began to help him at his task. The poor cook was greatly distressed at seeing this well- dressed gentleman taking so much trouble, and said : “ Why are you troubling yourself, Babu ? These things are no longer any good.” Gora knew quite well that what he was doing was really no help at all, and that it would only embarrass the man he was seeming to help—but he felt that it was impossible not to do something to show passers-by that one gentleman at least was anxious to atone for the brutality of another by taking the insult upon himself, and thus to uphold outraged right. When the basket was refilled Gora said: “This loss will be too heavy for you to bear. Come along to our house and I will make it up to you. But let me tell you one thing, Allah will not forgive you for submitting to such insult without a word of protest.” “Allah will punish the wrongdoer,” replied the Mohammedan. “Why should he punish me ?” “He who submits to wrong,” said Gora, “is also a wrong- doer, for it is he who is the cause of all evil in the world. You may not understand me, but remember that religion is not
merely being pious, for that simply encourages the evildoer. Your Mohammed understood that all right, and that's why he did not go about preaching meek submission.” As Gora's house was rather far away, he took the old man to Binoy's lodgings, and, standing in front of the writing-table, said : “Get out your money." “Wait a moment,” replied Binoy. “Let me get the key." But the tug of the impatient Gora was too much for the lock, and the drawer flew open. The first thing that came into view inside was a large photograph of Paresh Babu's whole family, which Binoy had managed to procure from his youthful friend Satish. Gora sent the old man away with the necessary sum of money, but he said not a word about the photograph; and, seeing Gora silent, Binoy did not care to refer to it either, though his mind would have been relieved by the exchange of a few words on the subject. “ Well, I'm off !” said Gora suddenly. “That's nice of you !” exclaimed Binoy. “To go off alone! Don't you know that mother invited me to breakfast with you? I'm off with you too !” They left the house together. On the way back Gora did not speak a word. The photograph had reminded him that the main current in Binoy's heart was carrying him along a path with which his life had no connection. Binoy understood well enough the cause of Gora's silence, but he shrank from trying to break through the barrier of his reserve, for he felt that Gora's mind had touched upon a point where there was a real obstacle to their intercourse. When they reached home they found Mohim standing at the door, looking down the street. “What's been happening?” he cried, on catching sight of the two friends. “As you have been awake all last night, I was picturing you both comfortably asleep on the footpath somewhere. But it's getting late. Go and have your bath, Binoy." Having thus driven Binoy off, Mohim turned to Gora and said: “Look here, Gora, you must think seriously of the matter I spoke about. Even if Binoy is not orthodox enough for you, where in the world shall we find a better? It's not sufficient to secure mere orthodoxy-we must have education too. I concede that the usual compound of education-cum- orthodoxy is not strictly in accord with our scriptures, but for all that, they do not make such a bad combination either. If you had a daughter of your own, I am sure you would have come to my opinion.”
“That's all right, Dada,” answered Gora. “I don't think Binoy will have any objection.” “Just listen to him!” exclaimed Mohim. “Who is worry- ing as to whether Binoy will object? It is your objecting that I am afraid of. If only you will request Binoy with your own lips, I shall be perfectly satisfied. If that will not serve, let it drop." “I'll do that,” said Gora. Whereupon Mohim felt that nothing remained but to order the wedding feast. At the first opportunity Gora said to Binoy: “Dada has begun to press hard for your marriage with Sasi. What say you to it?” “First tell me what you wish.” “I say that it wouldn't be such a bad thing." “ But you used to think differently. Didn't we agree that neither of us should marry ? I thought that was settled.” “ Well, now let it be settled that you will marry and I won't.” “Why? Why different goals for the same pilgrimage ?” " It is because I am afraid of different goals that I suggest this arrangement. God sends some men into the world with heavy burdens ready made, while others are let off delightfully light-if you yoke these two kinds of creatures together, one has to be loaded up to pull evenly with the other. We shall be able to keep pace together properly, only after you have been duly weighted down by a spell of married life.” “All right!” smiled Binoy. “ Pile the weight on this side, by all means !” “But, as to the particular load itself, have you any objection?” “ Since weighing down is the object, anything will serve equally well-brick or stone-what does it matter ? ” Binoy could divine the exact reason for Gora's eagerness about this marriage, and was only amused by his evident anxiety to rescue his friend from entanglement with one of Paresh Babu's girls. The rest of the afternoon, after their midday meal, was spent in making up for the loss of their night's rest by a long nap. There was no further talk between the two friends till the shades of evening had fallen and they had gone on to the roof-terrace. Binoy looked up into the sky and said : " See here, Gora, I want to say one thing to you. It appears to me that in our
love for our country there is one great imperfection. We only think of the half of India.” “How? What do you mean?” asked Gora. “We look on India only as a country of men; we entirely ignore the women,” explained Binoy. “Like the Englishman,” said Gora, “ you want to see women everywhere,-in the home and in the world outside ; on the land, the water, and in the sky; at our meals, our amusements and our work,—with the result that for you the women will eclipse the men, and your outlook will remain just as one-sided.” “No, no!” replied Binoy. “It won't do for you to dismiss my argument like that. Why raise the question whether I look at things like the English or not? What I say is, that We do not give the women of our country their rightful place in our consideration. Take yourself, for instance. I can say, for certain, that you never give a moment's thought to the women,-for you the idea of our country is womanless, and such idea can never be the true one.” “Since I have seen and known my mother," observed Gora, “I have seen, in her, all the women of our country, and known as well the place they should occupy." "You are simply making phrases in order to delude your- self," said Binoy.“ The familiarity which one gets in the home with women at their household work, does not make for true knowledge. I know that you will only get furious if I venture to make any comparison between English society and ours,-and I don't want to do it either, nor do I pretend to know exactly to what extent and in what ways our womenfolk may show themselves in public without overstepping the limits of propriety,-but my point is, that so long as our women remain hidden behind the purdah, our country will be a half-truth to us, and will not be able to win our full love and devotion.” “ As time has its two aspects-day and night, so society has its two sections--man and woman,” argued Gora. “In å natural condition of society, woman remains unseen, like night—all her work is done unobtrusively, behind the scenes. Where society has become unnatural, there night usurps the province of day, and both work and frivolity are carried on by artificial light. And what is the result ? Night's secret functioning ceases, fatigue increases progressively, recupera- tion becomes impossible, and man carries on only by recourse to intoxication. Similarly, if we try to drag our women out into the field of outside duty, then their characteristic quiet
work will be interfered with, the peace and happiness of society will be destroyed, and frenzy will prevail in their stead. At first sight such frenzy may be mistaken for power, but it is a power which makes for ruin. Of the two aspects of society, man is patent, but not, therefore, necessarily more patent. If you try to bring the latent force of woman to the surface, then society will be made to live on its capital and soon descend towards bankruptcy. I say that, if we men attend the place of feasting and women keep guard over the stores, then only will the festivity be a success, even though the women remain invisible. Only intoxication can want all powers to be spent in one direction, in the same place, and in an identical manner.” “Gora,” said Binoy, “I don't want to dispute what you say—but neither have you disproved what I argued. The real question is ” "Look here, Binoy," interrupted Gora, “if we go on disputing further about this matter it will only lead to a regular wrangle. I confess that women have not thrust themselves on my consciousness in the way they have recently done on yours. So you can never make me feel about them as you do. Let us for the present agree to differ." Gora thrust aside the subject. But a seed cast aside may nevertheless fall to the ground, and there it only waits for an opportunity to sprout. Up till now Gora had completely shut out women from his field of vision, and had never even dreamt that his life lacked anything, or suffered any loss, thereby. To-day Binoy's exaltation of feeling had made real to him the fact of their existence and the extent of their power in society. But as he could not decide what their proper place was, or what special need they served, he felt averse to this discussion with Binoy. He could neither master the subject nor dismiss it as worthless, so he felt he would rather not talk about it at all. As Binoy was leaving that night, Anandamoyi called him to her and asked : “ Has your marriage with Sasi been settled ?” Binoy answered with a slightly embarrassed laugh: “ Yes, mother,—Gora has played the rôle of matchmaker?” “Sasi is quite a good girl,” said Anandamoyi; “ but don't do anything childish, Binoy. I know you well enough, my child. You have hurried yourself into a decision because you found you could not really make up your mind. There is plenty of time to think it over. You're old enough to judge
for yourself: don't decide such a serious question without consulting your real feelings.” As she spoke she patted Binoy gently on the shoulder, while he, without answering, went slowly away. CHAPTER XVIII BINOY kept thinking over Anandamoyi's words on the way home. He had never yet disregarded her advice in the least particular, and he felt a burden weighing him down the whole of that night. Next morning he woke up with a sense of being relieved of all obligation by having paid at last an adequate price for Gora's friendship. He felt that the lifelong bond which he had accepted, by agreeing to this marriage with Sasi, had earned him the right to loosen his bonds in other directions. This marriage-bond was a surety which would secure him for ever from Gora's unfounded suspicions as to his being drawn away from orthodoxy by the temptation of marrying into a Brahmo family. So Binoy began to visit Paresh Babu's house constantly and without any scruples, and for him it had never been difficult to make himself completely at home in the house of people whom he liked. Having once disposed of the hesitation he had felt on Gora's account, it was not long before he was treated like one of Paresh Babu's own family. At first Lolita was up in arms against Binoy, but this lasted only so long as she suspected Sucharita to have a liking for him. As soon as she saw clearly that Sucharita had no special partiality for him, she was no longer in revolt, and allowed herself to admit without a struggle that Binoy Babu was an exceptionally nice man. Even Haran was not antagonistic; on the contrary, he seemed to desire to emphasise the fact that Binoy had really some notion of good manners, the implication being that Gora had none. And because Binoy never started an argument with Haran, in which tactics he was abetted by Sucharita, he had never been the occasion of any breach of the peace at the tea-table. But when Haran was not there, Sucharita would encourage Binoy to explain his opinions on social matters. She could not get over her curiosity as to how two educated men like
Gora and Binoy could justify the ancient superstitions of their country. If she had not known these two personally, she would have dismissed such attempts with contempt as not worth a thought. But from her very first encounter with Gora she had been unable to dismiss him from her mind with contempt. So whenever she got an opportunity she always led the conversation round to a discussion of Gora's mode of life and his opinions, and tried to get further and further into the matter by her questions and objections. Paresh Babu always believed that it was a liberal education for Sucharita to hear the opinions of all sects, so he never put a stop to these discussions out of any fear of their leading her astray. One day Sucharita asked : “Now tell me, does Gourmohan Babu really believe in caste, or are his professions merely an exaggerated form of his devotion to his country ?” “You acknowledge the steps of a staircase, don't you?” replied Binoy. “ You don't object to some having to be higher than the others ?” “I don't object to that, only because I have to go up them. I wouldn't have acknowledged any such necessity on level ground.” “Just so," said Binoy. “The object of the staircase, which is our society, is to enable people to mount up from below_right up to the goal of man's life. If we had regarded society, or the world itself, as our goal, then there would have been no necessity for acknowledging these differences, then the European social condition of a continual scramble to occupy the maximum space would also have been good enough for us." “I am afraid I don't understand you very clearly," objected Sucharita. “My question is this. Do you mean to tell me you find the purpose, for which you say caste distinctions were created in our society, to have been successful ?” . “ It is not so easy to see the face of success in this world,” answered Binoy. “ India offered one great solution to the social problem, namely the caste system that solution is still being worked out before the eyes of all the world. Europe has not yet been able to give anything more satisfactory, for there society is one long struggle and wrangle. Human Society is still waiting for the final success of the solution offered by India." “Please don't be angry with me,” said Sucharita timidly. “But do tell me, are you merely echoing Gourmohan Babu's opinions, or do you really believe all this yourself ? ”
“To tell you the truth," said Binoy, smiling, “I have not the same force of conviction as Gora has. When I see the defects of our society, the abuses of our caste system, I cannot but express my doubts; but Gora tells me that doubt is only the result of trying to see great things in too much detail, - to regard the broken branches and withered leaves as the ultimate nature of a tree is simply the result of intellectual impatience. Gora says he does not ask for any praise of the decaying boughs, but asks us to look at the whole tree and then try to understand its purpose.” “Let us leave aside the withered boughs by all means," said Sucharita. “But surely we have a right to consider the fruit. What kind of fruit has caste produced for our country?” “What you call the fruit of caste is not merely that, but the result of the totality of the conditions of our country. If you try to bite with a loose tooth you suffer pain,-for that you don't blame the teeth, but only the looseness of that particular tooth. Because, owing to various causes, disease and weakness have attacked us, we have only been able to distort the idea which India stands for, and not lead it to success. That is why Gora continually exhorts us : Become healthy, become strong!” “Very well then, do you regard the Brahmin as a kind of divine man?” pursued Sucharita. “Do you really believe that the dust of a Brahmin's feet purifies a man?"" “Is not much of the homage we pay in this world of our own creation ? Would it have been a small thing for our society if we could have created real Brahmins ? We want divine men-supermen, and we shall get them too if only we can desire them with all our hearts and all our minds. But if we want them in a foolish manner, then we needs must be content to burden the earth with demons to whom no evil- doing is foreign, and whom we allow to earn their livelihood by shaking the dust of their feet on our heads." "Have these supermen of yours come into being anywhere at all?" asked Sucharita. “ They are there, in India's inner need and purpose, just as the tree is hidden in the seed. Other countries want generals like Wellington, scientists like Newton, and million- aires like Rothschild, but our country wants the Brahmin, the Brahmin who knows not what fear is, who hates greed, who can vanquish sorrow, who takes no account of loss—whose being is united with the Supreme Being. India wants the Brahmin of firm, tranquil and liberated mind—when once she
gets him then only will she be free! It is not to kings that we bow our heads, nor do we submit our necks to the yoke of oppressors. No, it is through our own fear that our heads are bowed low; we are caught in the web of our own greed, we are slaves to our own folly. May the true Brahmin by his austere discipline deliver us from that fear, that greed, that folly,—we don't want them to fight for us, or to trade for us, or to secure for us any other worldly advantage.” Up to this point Paresh Babu had been merely a listener, but now he interposed, saying softly : “ I cannot say that I know India ; and I certainly do not know what India wanted for herself, or whether she ever succeeded in getting it,-but can you ever go back to the days that are gone ? Our striving should be concerned with what is possible in the present, - what good can we do by stretching out our arms in vain appeals to the past ?” “I have often thought and spoken as you are doing,” said Binoy; “but as Gora says, can we kill the past by merely speaking of it as dead and gone? The past is always with us, for nothing that once was true can ever depart.” “The way your friend puts these things,” objected Sucharita, “is not the way they are put by the ordinary man. How then can we be sure that you speak for the whole country ?” “Please don't think," protested Binoy, “that my friend Gora is one of those ordinary people who pride themselves on being very strict Hindus. He looks at the inner significance of Hinduism, and so seriously that he has never regarded the life of a true Hindu as a matter of luxury which would wither at the least touch, and die if handled roughly.” “But it seems to me that he is rather particular about avoiding the least touch," said Sucharita, smiling. “ That watchfulness of his has its own peculiarity,” ex- plained Binoy. “If you question him about it he will reply at once : Yes, I believe every bit of it—that caste can be lost by contact, that purity can be lost through improper food-all that is unmistakably true.' But I know quite well that is merely his dogmatism,—the more absurd his opinions sound to his hearers, the more positively will he express them. He insists on rigid, indiscriminate observance, lest, by his yielding on minor points, foolish people may be led to feel à disrespect for more vital matters, or lest the opposite party should claim a victory. So he dare not display any laxity, even to me.” “ There are plenty of such people amongst Brahmos also,"
said Paresh Babu. “They want to sever all connection with Hinduism without discrimination, lest outsiders should mistakenly think they condone also its evil customs. Such people find it difficult to lead a natural life, for they either pretend or exaggerate, and think that truth is so weak that it is part of their duty to protect it by force or by guile. The bigots are those whose idea is, ‘Truth depends upon me. I do not depend upon truth. As for myself, I pray to God that I may always be a simple, humble worshipper of truth, whether in a Brahmo temple or at a Hindu shrine,-that no external barrier may obstruct or hinder my worship.” After these words Paresh Babu remained silent for a while, allowing his mind to rest as it were in the very depths of his being. These few words of his seemed to have lifted the whole tone of the discussion—not that this was due to any- thing in the words themselves, but to the peace which welled up from the experiences of Paresh Babu's own life. The faces of Lolita and Sucharita lighted up with a glow of devotion. Binoy also did not feel like saying any more. He could see that Gora was too high-handed—the simple and assured peace which clothes the thought and word and deed of those who are the bearers of truth, was not one of Gora's possessions—and on hearing Paresh Babu speak, this struck Binoy all the more painfully. When Sucharita had gone to bed that night, Lolita came and sat on the edge of her bed. Sucharita saw clearly enough that Lolita was turning something over in her mind, and, as she also knew, that something was about Binoy. So she herself gave her an opening by saying : “Really, I like Binoy Babu immensely.” “ That's because he is all the time talking about Gourmohan Babu,” observed Lolita. Although Sucharita saw the insinuation, she pretended she did not, and said innocently : “ That's true; I hugely enjoy hearing Gour Babu's opinions from his mouth. It almost makes me see the man himself before my eyes." “I don't enjoy it at all !” snapped Lolita. " It makes me angry.” *Why? " asked Sucharita in surprise. “ It's nothing but Gora, Gora, Gora day in and day out,” replied Lolita." His friend Gora may be a great man, but isn't he himself a man also ?” “ That's true, but how does his devotion prevent him from being one ? ” asked Sucharita, laughing.
“ His friend has overshadowed him so completely that Binoy Babu has no chance of showing himself. It is as though a cockroach had swallowed a midge. I have no patience with the midge for allowing itself to be caught, and it doesn't heighten my respect for the cockroach.” Sucharita, amused at the heat in Lolita's tone, merely laughed and said nothing, while Lolita continued : “You may laugh if you like, Didi, but I can tell you that if any one tried to put me in the shade like that, I would not stand it for a single day. Take yourself,-whatever people may think, you never keep me in the background; that's not your nature and that's why I love you so. The fact is, you have learnt that lesson from father-he keeps a place for everybody." In that household these two girls were the most devoted of all to Paresh Babu. At the very mention of “father” their hearts seemed to expand. “Just fancy, comparing anybody with father !” protested Sucharita. “But whatever you may say, dear, Binoy Babu can talk wonderfully well." “ But, my dear girl, don't you see that his ideas sound so wonderful just because they are not his own. If he had talked of what he himself really thought, then his words would have been just simple and sensible,-not sounding like manufactured phrases, and that's the way I'd have much preferred them.” “Why be angry about it, dear ?” said Sucharita. “ It only means that Gourmohan Babu's opinions have become his own." “ If that is so then I think it's horrid,” said Lolita. “ Has God given us intelligence to expound other people's ideas, and a mouth simply to repeat other people's phrases, however wonderfully well ? Bother such wonderfulness, I say !” “But, why can't you see that, because Binoy Babu loves Gourmohan Babu so much, they have really come to think in the same way ?” “No, no, no !” broke out Lolita, “no such thing has happened at all. Binoy Babu has simply acquired the habit of accepting everything Gourmohan Babu says—that's not love, it's slavery. He wants to deceive himself into thinking that he holds the same opinions as his friend, but why? Where one loves, one can follow without agreeing—one can surrender oneself with eyes open. Why cannot he plainly admit that he accepts Gourmohan Babu's opinions because of his love for him ? Isn't it clear enough that he does so ? Tell me truly, Didi, don't you think that's the truth?”
Sucharita had not thought of it in this light,--all her curiosity had been about Gora and she had not felt any eager- ness to study Binoy as a separate problem. So, without giving a direct answer to Lolita's question, she said : “ Well, suppose you are right, what's to be done about it?” “I should love to untie his bonds for him and free him from his friend,” replied Lolita. “Why not try it, dear ? ” “My trying will not do much, but if you put your mind to it, something is sure to happen.' Sucharita was not unaware, in her heart of hearts, of having acquired an influence over Binoy, but she tried to laugh the matter off, and Lolita went on : “ The one thing I like him for, is the way he is struggling to free himself from Gourmohan Babu's control after coming under your influence. Any one else in his place would have started writing a play in abuse of Brahmo girls—but he still keeps an open mind, as is proved by his regard for you and his respect for father. We must try and help Binoy Babu to stand on his own feet. It is unbearable that he should exist merely to preach Gour- mohan Babu's opinions." At this moment Satish came running into the room calling out, “ Didi! Didi!” Binoy had taken him to the circus, and although it was so late, Satish could not check his enthusiasm for the performance which he had seen for the first time. After describing his experiences, he said : “I tried to bring Binoy Babu in to stay the night with me, but after coming into the house he went away again, saying he would come again to-morrow. Didi, I told him that he would have to take all of you to see the circus one day.” “ And what did he say to that?” asked Lolita. “ He said that girls would be frightened if they saw a tiger. But I wasn't at all afraid !” With which Satish swelled out his chest with manly pride. “Oh, indeed!” said Lolita. “I know well enough the kind of brave man your friend Binoy Babu is.—I say, Didi, we must really compel him to take us to the circus.” “ There will be an afternoon performance to-morrow,” said Satish. “ That's good. We'll go to-morrow,” settled Lolita; and next day, when Binoy arrived, Lolita exclaimed: “I see you've come in good time, Binoy Babu. Let's make a start.” " Where to ?” asked Binoy in surprise. “ To the circus, of course," declared Lolita.
To the circus! To sit with a party of girls before every- body in the tent, in broad daylight! Binoy was dumbfounded. “I suppose Gourmohan Babu will be angry, will he ?” pursued Lolita. Binoy pricked up his ears at the question, and when Lolita repeated : “Gourmohan Babu has views about taking girls to the circus, hasn't he ?” he replied firmly : “ Certainly he has." “ Please give us an exposition of them," begged Lolita. “I'll go and call my sister so that she may hear it too." Binoy felt the sting but laughed, whereupon Lolita con- tinued : “ What makes you laugh, Binoy Babu ? Yesterday you told Satish that girls are afraid of tigers-aren't you ever afraid of any one ?” After this Binoy simply had to accompany the girls to the circus. Not only that, but on his way there he had plenty of time to ponder agitatedly on the figure he seemed to be cutting, not only to Lolita but also to the other girls of the house, so far as his relations to his friend went. The next time Lolita saw Binoy she asked him with an air of innocent inquiry : “ Have you told Gourmohan Babu about our visit to the circus the other day?”. The point of the question penetrated deeply this time, and made Binoy wince and blush as he replied : “No, not yet."
Gora was at his work one morning when Binoy arrived un- expectedly and said abruptly : “ The other day I took Paresh Babu's daughters to the circus.” Gora went on with his writing, saying: “So I hear.” “From whom did you hear ?” asked Binoy in astonishment. “From Abinash, who happened to be at the circus the same day,” replied Gora, and continued writing without further remark. That Gora should have already heard of it, and of all people from Abinash, who could not have spared any em- bellishments in his account of the matter, made all Binoy's old instincts rise up to shame him. At the same time it flashed across his memory that he had not slept till late last night because he was mentally occupied in quarrelling with Lolita. “Lolita thinks that I am afraid of Gora, as a school-
GORA boy of his master. How unfairly people can judge one another! It's true that I respect Gora for his unusual qualities, but not in the way Lolita thinks, which is as unjust to me as to him. Just imagine taking me for a child, with Gora as my guardian!” This had been the burden of his thoughts overnight. Gora went on with his writing, and Binoy recalled again those two or three pointed questions which Lolita had fired off at him. He found it hard to dismiss them from his mind. Suddenly a feeling of revolt rose in his heart. “What if I did go to the circus ? "-he flared up within. “Who is Abinash to come and discuss my affairs with Gora ?—and why on earth does Gora allow that idiot to launch into such a discussion ? Is Gora my keeper that I am to be answerable to him as to where I go and with whom? This is an outrage on our friendship !” Binoy would hardly have been so indignant with Gora and Abinash had he not suddenly realised his own cowardice. He was merely trying to shift on to his friend the guilt of the secrecy which he had felt impelled to preserve so long. If only Gora had spoken a few angry words to him on the subject, the friends could have come on to the same level, and Binoy would have been consoled. But Gora's solemn silence made him appear to be sitting in judgement on him. This made the memory of Lolita's cutting remarks gall him all the more. Mohim now entered the room, hookah in hand, and, after offering pan from his box, said: “Everything is settled on our side, Binoy, my son. Now, if only your uncle gives his approval we shall all feel relieved. Have you written to him vet?” This pressure on the subject of his marriage was specially irritating to Binoy to-day. Of course he knew that it was no fault of Mohim's—Gora having given him to understand that Binoy had consented—but he himself felt very small over this consent of his. Anandamoyi had practically tried to dissuade him : neither had he ever felt drawn to his pro- spective bride. How then had a clear decision at all come out of the confusion ? It could not exactly be said that Gora had hurried him in any way, for he would never have pressed him if Binoy had seriously made the least objection, and yet why ? In that“ yet” he felt again the sting of Lolita's remarks. For it was nothing that had actually happened on this occasion, but the complete ascendancy which Gora had acquired over him during all these years of their friendship,
which was behind it. Binoy had habitually put up with this ascendancy only because of his exceeding love and his soft, complaisant nature. And so the masterful relationship had come to prevail over the friendship itself. Hitherto Binoy had not realised this, but now there was no denying it. And so he was in duty bound to marry Sasi! “No, I've not yet written to my uncle,” was his reply to Mohim's question. “My mistake entirely !” said Mohim. “Why should you write any letter; that's my duty. What's his full name, my son ?” “Why are you in such a hurry about it?” replied Binoy. “ Weddings can't take place in the months of Aswin and Kartik. In Aghran-but I forget, there's a difficulty about that month too. It's an unlucky month in our family history, and we never have auspicious ceremonies in Aghran." Mohim put down his hookah in a corner against the wall and said : “Look here, Binoy, if you are going to stick to all that sort of superstition, then is all this modern education of yours only so many phrases learnt by rote ? In this wretched country it is difficult enough to find auspicious days in the calendar, and if, on top of that, every household is going to consult its own private family records, how is business going to be carried on at all ?”. “ Then why do you accept even Aswin and Kartik as inauspicious ?” asked Binoy. “Do I ?” cried Mohim. “Not a bit of it. But what can I do—in this country of ours you need not honour God, but if you don't honour all the rules about the months of Bhadra, Aswin and Kartik, and about Thursdays and Saturdays, and all the special phases of the moon, you'll not be allowed in the house! And I must confess that, though I say I don't accept all this, in practice if I don't go by the calendar I feel un- comfortable,—our atmosphere breeds fear just as it breeds malaria, so I can't shake off that kind of feeling." “Similarly, in my family,” said Binoy, “ they can't throw off their fear of the month of Aghran! At least my aunt would never consent.' Thus did he manage, somehow, to put off the matter for the time, while Mohim, at a loss what move to try next, made his retreat. Gora could divine from the tone of Binoy's remarks that his friend was beginning to hesitate. Binoy had not been coming for some days, and he suspected that he must be
visiting at Paresh Babu's more frequently than ever. And, now that he had tried to put off the question of his marriage, Gora began to have serious misgivings, so, leaving his writing, he turned and said : “ Binoy, when once you have given your word to my brother, why plunge him into all these needless uncertainties?” Binoy, with a sudden impatience, blurted out : “ Did I give my word, or was it snatched from me ?” Gora was taken by surprise at this sign of sudden revolt, and, with hardening mind, he asked incisively : “Who was it snatched this from you ?” “You !” “I? Why, I hardly spoke half-a-dozen words to you on the subject—and you call that extorting a promise!” As a matter of fact Binoy had no very convincing proof of his accusation—what Gora said was true-very few words had been exchanged—and in what he had said there had not been sufficient insistence to deserve being called pressure. And yet it was also true in a sense that Gora had robbed Binoy of his consent. The less the outward proof the more importunate becomes the accuser, so Binoy, with a note of unreasonable excitement in his voice, said: “Many words are not required to extort a promise!” “ Take back your word !” shouted Gora, getting up from the table. “Your promise is not of such immense value that I should want to beg or rob it of you !”—“ Dada,” he then roared out to Mohim, who was in the next room, and who came in at once in a great flurry. “Dada,” cried Gora,“ didn't I tell you at the very beginning that Binoy's marriage with Sasi was impossible ?--that I didn't approve of it?” “Of course you did. No one else could have said such a thing. Any other uncle would have shown some keenness about his niece's marriage ! ”. “What made you use me as a cat’s-paw to obtain Binoy's consent ? ”fung out Gora. “No other reason except that I thought it the best way of gaining his consent,” answered Mohim ruefully. Gora turned red in the face. “ Please leave me out of all this !” he cried. “I'm not a professional matchmaker; I've other work to do.” And with these words he left the room. Before the unfortunate Mohim could pursue the matter any further, Binoy also had reached the street, and Mohim's only resource was his hookah, which he now took up from the corner where he had placed it.
Binoy had had many quarrels with Gora, but such a volcanic upheaval as the present one had never occurred before, and at first he was aghast at the result of his own work. When he got back home, darts seemed to be piercing his conscience. He had no appetite for eating, or for sleep, as he thought of what a blow he had dealt Gora in that one brief moment. He felt specially repentant to think of the extra- ordinary and unreasonable way in which he had put all the blame on Gora. “ I've done wrong, wrong, wrong,” he kept on saying to himself. Later in the day, just as Anandamoyi was sitting down to her sewing after her midday meal, Binoy turned up and came and sat beside her. She had heard something of what had happened from Mohim, but when she had seen Gora's face at meal-time she knew that a storm had raged. “ Mother,” said Binoy, “ I've done wrong. What I said to Gora this morning about my marriage with Sasi was nonsense!” “What of that, Binoy ? That kind of thing is bound to happen whenever you try to suppress some pain in the mind. And it's just as well that it should have happened. In a short time both of you will have forgotten all about this quarrel.” “ But, mother, I want you to know that I have no objection to marrying Sasi.” “Don't make matters worse, my child, by trying to patch up your quarrel in a hurry. Marriage is for life, while a quarrel is only for the time.” Binoy, however, was not able to accept this advice. He felt he could not go straight to Gora with his proposal, so he went to Mohim and let him know that there was now no obstacle in the way of the marriage, that it could take place in four months' time, and that he himself would see to it that his uncle made no objection. “Shall we have the betrothal ceremony at once ? ” urged Mohim. “ All right, that you can settle after consulting Gora," replied Binoy. "What! consult with Gora again!” complained Mohim irritably. “Yes, yes, that is absolutely essential !”. “Well, if it must be done, I suppose it must, but " With which Mohim stopped his mouth with the pan which he stuffed into it.
Mohim said nothing that day, but next morning he went to Gora's room, fearing that he would have a hard fight to obtain his consent over again. But the moment he mentioned how Binoy had come the previous afternoon and had spoken of his willingness to marry Sasi, and had even told him to ask Gora's advice about the betrothal, Gora at once expressed his approval and said: “Good! Let's have the betrothal by all means !” “You're quite complaisant now, I see, but for the Lord's sake don't raise some new objection next time.” “ It was not my objection, but my request, which raised the trouble,” said Gora. "Well, then,” said Mohim, “my humble petition is, that Fou neither object nor make any request. I'll be quite satisfied with what I can do myself. How could I know that your request was going to have such a contrary effect? All that I want to know is, do you really wish the marriage to take place ?” “Yes, I do.” “ Then let the wish be enough, and don't meddle any further in the matter.'
Gora now came to the conclusion that it would be difficult to keep a hold on Binoy from a distance, so that a watch must be kept where the field of danger was. The best way to keep Binoy within bounds, he felt, would be to keep up a frequent intercourse with Paresh Babu himself. So, the very day after the quarrel, he went in the afternoon to Binoy's lodgings. That Gora would come so soon was more than Binoy had expected, and he was as astonished as he was happy. He was still more surprised when Gora introduced the topic of Paresh Babu's daughters without any sign of hostility towards them. It was not necessary to try very hard to arouse Binoy's interest in this subject, and the two friends went on discussing the topic from every point of view till far into the night. Even when walking home that night Gora could not keep the subject out of his head, nor was he able to dismiss it from his thoughts so long as he was awake. Never before in his life had such a disturbance invaded his mind-in fact, the subject of women had never been included in his cogitations.
Binoy had now proved to him that they were a part of the world problem, which must be dealt with by solution or compromise, but which could not be ignored. So next day, when Binoy said to Gora, “ Come along with me to Paresh Babu's, he has often inquired after you," Gora agreed without the least demur. Not only did he consent, but there was no longer the same indifference in his mind. At first he had been utterly incurious about Sucharita and Paresh Babu's daughters, then a contemptuous hostility towards them had arisen in his mind, but now he actually felt an eagerness to know them better. He was anxious to discover what the attraction was that exercised such an influence over Binoy's heart. It was evening when they reached the house, and in the parlour upstairs Haran was reading one of his English articles to Paresh Babu by the light of a table-lamp. Paresh Babu was, however, only a means to an end, for Haran's real object was to impress Sucharita. She was listening in silence at the foot of the table, shading her eyes from the glare of the lamp with a palm-leaf fan. With her naturally obedient nature she was trying her best to attend, but every now and then her mind would wander. When the servant announced the arrival of Gora and Binoy, she started, and was preparing to leave the room when Paresh Babu stopped her, saying: “Where are you going, Radha ? It is only our Binoy and Gour who have come.” Sucharita sat down in some confusion, though relieved that the reading of Haran's tedious article had been interrupted. She was certainly excited at the prospect of seeing Gora again, but she felt both shy and uneasy at the idea of his coming while Haran was there. It is difficult to say whether it was fear lest they should quarrel again, or something else. The very name of Gora had set Haran on edge. He barely returned Gora's salutation and then sat silent, looking glum. As for Gora, the moment he saw Haran all his fighting instincts were aroused. Mistress Baroda had gone visiting with her three daughters, and it had been arranged that Paresh Babu should call for them in the evening to bring them home. It was already time for Paresh Babu to go when Gora and Binoy's arrival delayed him; and when he could no longer put off going, he whispered to Haran and Sucharita that he would be back as soon as possible, and left them to entertain the guests. The entertainment began soon enough, for in less than no
time a regular pitched battle had begun. The subject under discussion was this. There was a certain District Magistrate named Brownlow, stationed near Calcutta, with whom Paresh Babu had been friendly when at Dacca. He and his wife had shown great regard for Paresh Babu because he did not keep his wife and daughters secluded in the zenana. Every year the sahib used to celebrate his birthday by holding an agricultural fair. Mistress Baroda had been lately calling on Mrs. Brownlow, and had as usual been expatiating on her daughters' cleverness in English literature and poetry, where- upon the mem-sahib had enthusiastically suggested that as the Lieutenant-Governor was bringing his wife to the fair this year, it would be nice if Paresh Babu's girls could act a short English play before them. This suggestion had met with Baroda's delighted approval, and to-day she had taken her daughters to a friend's house for a rehearsal. When asked whether it would be possible for him to attend the fair, Gora replied with unnecessary violence—“No!” Whereupon a heated controversy ensued about the English and the Bengalis, and the difficulties in the way of social intercourse between them in India. Haran said : “ It is the fault of our own people. We have so many bad customs and superstitions that we are not worthy." To which Gora replied : “ If that is really true, then, how- ever unworthy we may be, we ought to be ashamed of going about slavering for the society of English people." “ But," returned Haran, “those who are really worthy are received with the highest regard by the English-as for instance our friends here." “ This kind of regard for some persons which only accentuates the humiliation of the rest of their countrymen, is nothing but an insult in my eyes,” said Gora. Haran's anger soon got the better of him, and Gora, by egging him on, quickly had him at his mercy. While the discussion was going on in this way, Sucharita was gazing at Gora from behind the shelter of her fan,—the words which she heard making no impression on her mind. If she had been conscious that she was staring at Gora she would doubtless have felt ashamed, but she was utterly oblivious of herself. Gora sat opposite to her, leaning over the table with his powerful arms stretched out before him. The light of the lamp fell on his broad white brow, while he now laughed contemptuously and then frowned angrily. But
in all the play of his features there was a dignity which showed that he was not indulging in any play of words, but that his opinions had long years of thought and practice behind them. It was not merely his voice that spoke, but the expression of his face and every movement of his body seemed to show deep conviction. Sucharita wondered as she watched him. It seemed as if for the first time in her life she was looking at a real man, who could not be confounded with the ordinary run of men. Beside him Haran Babu appeared so ineffective that his features, his gestures, and even his dress began to look ludicrous. She had so often discussed Gora with Binoy that she had come to think of him merely as the leader of a special party with decided opinions of his own, and at best, it seemed to her, he might be of some kind of service to the country. Now, as she looked on his face, she could see, beyond all party opinion or ulterior benefit, the man Gora. For the first time in her life she now saw what a man was, and what his soul was, and in the joy of this rare experience she completely forgot her own existence. Sucharita's absorbed expression had not escaped Haran, who had, in consequence, been unable to put all his force into his arguments. At length he got up from his seat impatiently and, calling her as if she were a close relative, said : “ Sucharita, will you come into the other room? I want to speak to you." Sucharita shrank as though she had been struck, for although Haran was on terms familiar enough to call her like that, and at any other time she would have thought nothing of it, yet to-day, in the presence of Gora and Binoy, it seemed like an insult, especially as Gora cast a swift glance at her in such a way as seemed to make Haran's offence the more un- pardonable. At first she pretended not to have heard him, but when Haran, with some show of irritation, repeated : “Don't you hear me, Sucharita ? I have something to say to you. I must ask you to come into the next room," she replied, without looking at him : “ Wait till father comes back, and then you can tell me.” At this juncture Binoy got up, saying: “I am afraid we are in the way; it's time for us to be going,” to which Sucharita hurriedly replied : “No, Binoy Babu, you mustn't go away so soon. Father asked you to wait for him. He will be here immediately," and there was a note of anxious pleading in her voice, as though there had been a proposal to hand over a deer to its hunter. Haran now strode out of the room saying: “I can't wait
now, I must be going.” Once outside, he began to repent of his rashness, but he could think of no excuse for returning. After his departure Sucharita felt hot with shame and sat with bent head, not knowing what to do or say. It was then that Gora got an opportunity for studying her features. Where was the least trace of the immodest forward- ness which he had always associated with educated girls ? No doubt her expression was one of bright intelligence, but how beautifully softened it was by her modest shyness. Her brow was pure and stainless like a glimpse of autumn sky : her lips were silent, but how like a tender bud with the soft curves of the unspoken word. Gora had never before looked closely at a modern woman's dress, having contemned it without seeing it, but to-day the new-fashioned sari which enfolded Sucharita's figure seemed to him admirable. One of her hands rested on the table, and, as it peeped out of the puckered sleeve of her bodice, it seemed to Gora's eyes like the gracious message of a responsive heart. In the quiet evening lamp-light which surrounded Sucharita, the whole room with its shadows, the pictures on its walls and all the neatness of its furniture, seemed to form one complete image in which stood out, not its material appurtenances, but the home into which it had been transformed by the deft touches of a woman's care, which all in a moment had been revealed to Gora. Gradually, as he watched her, she became intensely real and concrete to him, from the stray locks of hair over her temples to the border of her sari. At one and the same time he could see Sucharita in her completeness and Sucharita in her every detail. For a short time they all felt the awkward silence, then Binoy looked towards Sucharita and reverted to some subject he had been discussing with her a few days before. He said : " As I was telling you the other day, I once believed there was no hope either for our country or for our society—that we should always be regarded as minors, and the English would ever remain our guardians. And this is still the opinion of the majority of our countrymen. In such frame of mind, people either remain immersed in their selfish interests or grow indifferent to their fate. I, at one time, seriously thought of securing a Government post through the influence of Gora's father. But Gora brought me to my senses by his protests." Gora, seeing a slight trace of surprise on Sucharita’s face
at this remark, said: “Don't think that anger against the Government had anything to do with what I said. Those who are in Government service generally come to acquire a pride in the Government's power, as if it were their own, and thus tend to form a class apart from their other countrymen. I see this more clearly every day. A relative of mine was once a Deputy Magistrate. He has retired now, but when he was in service the District Magistrate used to censure him, saying: 'Babu, why are so many people acquitted in your court ?' and he would answer : "There is a good reason for that, sahib. Those whom you send to gaol are merely like cats and dogs to you, but those whom I have to send are my brothers. In those days there were plenty of our countrymen able to say such noble words, and Englishmen who would listen to them were not lacking either. But nowadays the shackles of service are becoming an ornament and the Deputy Magistrates of the present time are gradually coming to look upon their fellow-countrymen as little better than dogs. And experience shows us that the higher they rise in the service the more they deteriorate. If you are raised up on another man's shoulders you needs must look down on your own people, and the moment you regard them as inferior you are bound to do them injustice. That cannot lead to any good.” And as he spoke Gora thumped the table so that the lamp shook. “Gora,” said Binoy, smiling, “that table is not Govern- ment property, and the lamp belongs to Paresh Babu.” Gora roared with laughter at this remark, filling the whole house with his merriment, and Sucharita was surprised and also delighted to find that Gora could laugh with the heartiness of a boy at a joke against himself. She had not apparently realised that those who have great ideas can also laugh heartily. Gora talked on many topics that evening, and although Sucharita remained silent, her face showed such obvious approval that his heart was filled with enthusiasm. At length he said, specially addressing Sucharita : “I want you to remember one thing. If we have the mistaken notion that because the English are strong we can never become strong unless we become exactly like them, then that impossibility will never be achieved, for by mere imitation we shall eventu- ally be neither one thing nor the other. To you I make only this request: come inside India, accept all her good and her evil : if there be deformity then try and cure it from within, but see it with your own eyes, understand it, think over it,
turn your face towards it, become one with it. You will never understand if you stand opposed and, imbued to the bone with Christian ideas, view it from outside. Then you will only try to wound and never be of any service.” Gora called this his request, but it was rather a command. There was such tremendous force in his words that there was no waiting for the other's consent. Sucharita listened with bowed head, her heart palpitating to find Gora addressing her specially, with such great eager- ness. She put aside all her shyness and said with simple modesty : “I have never before thought about my country so greatly and so truly. But one question I would ask you : what is the relation between country and religion? Does not religion transcend country ?” This question in her soft voice sounded very sweet to Gora's ears, and the expression in Sucharita's eyes as she addressed him made it even sweeter. He replied : “ That which tran- scends country, which is greater than country, can only reveal itself through one's country. God has manifested His one, eternal nature in just such a variety of forms. But those who say that Truth is one, and therefore that only one form of religion is true, accept only this truth, namely that Truth is one, but omit to acknowledge the truth that Truth is limitless. The limitless One manifests itself in the limitless Many. I can assure you that through the open sky of India you will be able to see the sun—therefore there is no need to cross the ocean and sit at the window of a Christian church.” “You mean to say that for India there is a special path leading to God. What is this speciality ?” asked Sucharita. “ The speciality is this,” replied Gora. “It is recognised that the Supreme Being who is without definition is manifest within limits,—the endless current of minute and protracted, subtle and gross, is of Him. He is at one and the same time with endless attributes and without attribute; of infinite forms and formless. In other countries they have tried to confine God within some one definition. In India no doubt there have also been attempts to realise God in one or other of His special aspects, but these have never been looked upon as final, nor any of them conceived to be the only one. No Indian devotee has ever failed to acknowledge that God in His infinity transcends the particular aspect which may be true for the worshipper personally." “ That may be true of the wise devotee, but what of the others?” asked Sucharita.
“I always admit that in every country the ignorant will distort the truth,” replied Gora. “ But has not such distortion gone further in our country than elsewhere?” persisted Sucharita. “ That may be so," answered Gora. “It is just because India has desired to acknowledge, fully, both the opposite aspects of subtle and gross,-inner and outer, spirit and body, that those who cannot grasp the subtle aspect have the oppor- tunity to seize upon the gross, and, their ignorance working on it, results in these extraordinary distortions. All the same, it would never do for us to cut ourselves off from the great, the varied, the wonderful way in which India has tried to realise in body, mind and action, and from every point of view, the One who is true, both in forms and in formlessness, in material as well as in spiritual manifestation, alike to outer sense and inner perception ;-or to commit the folly of accept- ing instead, as the only religion, the combination of Theism and Atheism, dry, narrow, and unsubstantial, evolved by eighteenth-century Europe.” Sucharita remained lost in thought awhile, and, finding her silent, Gora went on : “ Please don't think me to be a bigoted person, least of all one of those who have suddenly turned orthodox,—my words are not meant in their sense. My mind is in an ecstasy with the deep and grand unity which I have discovered running through all of India's various manifesta- tions and her manifold strivings, and this prevents me from shrinking to stand in the dust with the poorest and most ignorant of my countrymen. This message of India some may understand, some may not,—that makes no difference in my feeling that I am one with all India, that all her people are mine ; and I have no doubt that through all of them the spirit of India is secretly but constantly working.” Gora's words, spoken out in his powerful voice, seemed to vibrate through the walls and furniture of the room. These were not words which Sucharita could be expected fully to understand, but the first tide of impending realisation sets in strongly, and the realisation that life is not confined within the bonds of family or sect overwhelmed her with a painful force. No more was said, for from the staircase came the sound of running feet and of girlish laughter. Paresh Babu had returned with his daughters, and Sudhir was playing one of his usual pranks on the girls. On entering the room and seeing Gora, Lolita and Satish
recovered their gravity and remained there, but Labonya went out precipitately, while Satish sidled up to Binoy's chair and began whispering to him, and Lolita drew a chair up behind Sucharita and sat down half hidden. Paresh Babu then entered, saying: “I am rather late in getting back. Panu Babu has gone, I suppose ?” Sucharita making no answer, Binoy said : “ Yes, he wasn't able to wait.” And Gora got up and, making a respectful bow to Paresh Babu, said: “We too must be going.” “I've not had much chance of a talk with you this evening," said Paresh Babu. “I hope you'll call now and then, when you find the time.” Just as Gora and Binoy were going out of the room, Mistress Baroda came in. They both bowed to her, and she cried : “ What! going already ?” “Yes,” replied Gora abruptly, whereupon Baroda turned to Binoy, saying: “But, Binoy Babu, I cannot let you go; you must stay to dinner with us. Besides, I have something to speak to you about." Satish jumped with delight at this invitation and, seizing Binoy's hand, said: “Yes, yes, don't let Binoy Babu go, mother; he must sleep with me here to-night.” Finding that Binoy hesitated to give his answer, Baroda turned to Gora with : “Must you take Binoy Babu away? Do you need him specially ?” “ No, no, not at all," replied Gora hastily. “ Binoy, you stay; I'm off.” And he went quickly out. When Mistress Baroda asked Gora's consent to his staying, Binoy could not help casting a furtive glance at Lolita, who turned her face away with a smile. Binoy could hardly resent these little railleries in which Lolita indulged, and yet they pricked him like thorns. When he had sat down again Lolita said : “ Binoy Babu, you would have been wiser to have made your escape to-day.” “Why?” asked Binoy. “Mother has a scheme for putting you into an awkward position,” explained Lolita. “We are one actor short for the play at the Magistrate's fair, and mother has fixed on you to fill up the gap." “Good heavens !” exclaimed Binoy. “I'd never be able to do that.” “I told mother that at the start,” said Lolita, laughing. “I said that your friend would never allow you to take a part in this play.”
Binoy winced at the thrust as he said: “We needn't discuss my friend's opinion. But I've never done any acting in my life--why pitch on me?” “ What about us?” complained Lolita. “Do you suppose we have been acting all our lives ? ”. At this point Mistress Baroda returned and Lolita said : “Mother, it is useless to invite Binoy Babu to join in our play, unless you can induce his friend to agree ” " It's not a matter for my friend's consent at all," inter- rupted Binoy in distress. “I simply have not the ability to act." “Don't you worry about that,” cried Baroda. “We'll soon be able to put you in the way. Do you mean to say these girls can do it and you can't? What nonsense!” And there was no further way of escape left to Binoy.
Gora, on leaving the house, did not walk at his usual pace, and instead of going straight home he absently sauntered down to the river. In those days the Ganges and its banks had not been invaded by the ugliness which commercial greed has since brought in its train. There was no railway beside it, and no bridge across it, and the sky on a winter evening was not obscured by the soot-laden breath of the crowded city. The river used then to bring its message of peace from the stainless peaks of the distant Himalayas into the midst of Calcutta's dusty bustle. Nature had never found an opportunity for attracting Gora's attention, for his mind had always been busily engaged in its own efforts. He had never so much as noticed any part of his surroundings which was not directly the object of those efforts. This evening, however, the message of the sky, with its star-lit darkness, moved his heart with all kinds of little touches. The river was without a ripple. The lights of the boats tied to the landing-places twinkled out, and all the gloom seemed massed in the dense foliage of the trees on the opposite bank. Over the whole scene the planet Jupiter kept watch like the wakeful conscience of the night. All this time Gora had been living aloof in his own world
of thought and action-what was it that had now happened ? He had been brought up against some point of contact with Nature; and, thereupon, the deep dark water of the river, the dense dark banks, and the illimitable dark sky overhead had offered him welcome. Gora felt that to-night he had surrendered himself to Nature's overtures. From the garden of a merchant's office by the roadside the unfamiliar fragrance of some exotic flowering creeper laid its soothing touch over Gora's restless heart, and the river beckoned him away from the field of man's untiring labour towards some dim unexplored region, where the trees bore wondrous flowers and cast mysterious shadows, on the banks of unknown waters; where, beneath the pure open skies, the days seemed like the frank gaze of a wide-open eye, the nights like the bashful shadows trembling beneath downcast eye- lashes. A very vortex of sweetness surrounded Gora and seemed to draw him into unknown primal depths never experienced by him before. His whole being was assailed, at one and the same time, with shocks of pain and of joy. He seemed to be standing in utter self-forgetfulness on this autumn night by the river-bank,—the vague starlight in his eyes, the undefined city sounds in his ears,-in the presence of the veiled elusive mystery which pervades the universe. Because, so long, he had not acknowledged her sway, Nature had now taken her revenge by enmeshing him in her magic net, binding him close to earth, water, and sky, and cutting him off from his every- day life. Gora, lost in wonder at his own condition, sank down on the steps of the deserted ghat. Again and again he asked himself, as he sat there, what was this sudden experience, what its meaning for him, what place had it in the scheme of life which he had planned for himself? Was it a thing to be fought against and overcome ? But as Gora clenched his fists fiercely, there came to him the memory of the questioning glances of two entrancing eyes, soft with modesty, bright with understanding--and in imagina- tion he felt the touch of the perfect fingers of two gentle hands. He thrilled through and through with ineffable joy as all his questions and misgivings were completely set at rest by the depth of this experience in the darkness, and he felt loath to lose it by leaving the place. When he returned home that night, Anandamoyi asked him : “ Why so late, child ? Your dinner is quite cold.”
“Oh, I don't know, mother; I was sitting for a long time by the river." “ Wasn't Binoy with you?” “No, I was alone.” Anandamoyi felt considerably astonished, for she had never known Gora do such a thing before-meditating alone by the Ganges till so late an hour! It had never been his habit to sit still in silent thought. Anandamoyi watched him as he sat eating absently, and noticed a new kind of restless excitement in his features. After a pause she asked quietly : “I suppose you have been to Binoy's to-day ?” “No, we were both at Paresh Babu's house this afternoon.” This gave Anandamoyi fresh food for thought, and after awhile she ventured another question : “ Did you make the acquaintance of all the family?” * Yes, without any reserve," replied Gora. “ I suppose their girls have no objection to come out before everybody?” “None at all,” said Gora. At any other time there would have been a note of emphasis in Gora's reply, and its absence mystified Anandamoyi more than ever. Next morning Gora did not get through his preparations for the day's work with his accustomed rapidity. He stood for quite a long time looking absent-mindedly out of his bedroom window, which faced the east. At the end of the lane, on the opposite side of the main thoroughfare into which it led, was a school. In the school grounds stood an old jambolan tree, over the foliage of which floated a thin veil of morning mist letting the red beams of the rising sun dimly through. Gradually, as Gora stood looking at it, the mist melted away and bright shafts of sunlight pierced the network of leaves like so many glittering bayonets, while the city street became busy with passers-by and the sounds of traffic. Suddenly Gora's glance fell upon Abinash and some of his fellow-students, who were coming up the lane towards his house, and with a strong effort he threw off the web of absorp- tion that had cast its spell around him. “No, this will never do !” he said to himself with a force which smote his mind like a blow, and he rushed out of his room. He reproached himself bitterly for not being ready in time to receive his colleagues—a thing that he had never before allowed to happen. He made up his mind not to go to Paresh Babu's house again, and to contrive some means to banish
all thoughts of the family, even by avoiding Binoy for a time. In the course of the talk with his friends they decided on a plan for going on a tramp along the Grand Trunk Road. They would take no money with them, subsisting on whatever hospitality was offered them on the way. This determination arrived at, Gora displayed unbounded enthusiasm. An intense joy took possession of him at the idea of thus escaping from all fetters and taking to the open road. It seemed to him that the very notion of this adventure had freed his heart from the net in which it had become entangled. Like a boy released from school, Gora almost ran out of the house to make his preparations for this outing, as he tossed to and fro in his mind the argument that work alone was true and all these sentiments, which had so overpowered him, only illusions. Just as Krishnadayal was entering the house, carrying a vessel of sacred Ganges water in his hand, wearing a scarf inscribed with the names of the gods, and repeating sacred mantras, Gora in his haste ran into him. Dismayed at what he had done, Gora hastily bent to touch his feet in apology ; but Krishnadayal shrank away from him, and saying hurriedly, “ Never mind now, never mind,” sidled past, feeling that Gora's touch had destroyed all the efficacy of his morning bath in the Ganges. Gora had never realised that all Krishnadayal's carefulness was specially directed towards avoiding him in particular; he merely put down his squeamishness as being part of his insane desire to avoid contamination by guarding against the touch of all and sundry, for did he not keep even his wife Anandamoyi at a distance, as though she were an outcaste, and hardly came into contact at all with Mohim, who was always too busy. The only member of the family he had anything to do with was his granddaughter Sasi, and he used to get her to memorise Sanskrit texts and teach her the correct ritual of worship. So when Krishnadayal shrank away, Gora merely smiled to himself at his father's ways, which in fact had gradually and so completely estranged him that, in spite of his disapproval of Anandamoyi's unorthodox habits, all his devotion had been centred in this unconventional mother of his. After finishing his breakfast, Gora put a change of clothes into a bundle and, strapping it on his back in the manner of English travellers, he went to Anandamoyi and said : “Mother,
I'm thinking of going away for a few days. Give me your leave." “Where are you going, my son ?” she asked. “I don't know myself, exactly,” he replied. “Is it on any business ?” “Not business as it is usually understood. The journey itself is the business.” Seeing that Anandamoyi remained silent, Gora implored her anxiously : “Mother, you really must not say no. You know me well enough. You need have no fear of my turning ascetic and taking to the road for good! I cannot stay away from you for many days, you know that, don't you ? " Gora had never before expressed his affection for his mother in such clear terms, and no sooner had he done so than he felt a little awkward. Anandamoyi, though inwardly delighted, detected this, and in order to put him at his ease she said : “ Binoy is going with you, of course, isn't he ?” “ Just like you, mother! Without Binoy to guard him, you think some one will kidnap your Gora. Binoy is not going, and I am going to cure this superstitious faith of yours in him by coming back safe and sound, even without his protection!” “But you'll let me have news now and then ?” said Anandamoyi. “Better make up your mind that you'll not get any news, then if you do you'll be all the happier. No one is going to steal your Gora,-never fear. He isn't the kind of priceless treasure you imagine him to be! If any one takes a fancy to this little luggage of mine I'll make him a present of it and come home,- I'm not going to stick to it at the risk of my life, I can assure you !” Gora bent low to take the dust of Anandamoyi's feet, and she blessed him by kissing her own fingers which had touched his head, but made no attempt to dissuade him from his project. She never stood in the way of anything being done because it gave herself pain, or for fear of some imaginary evil. In her own life she had been through many obstacles and dangers, and she was not ignorant of the outside world. She had never known fear, and her anxiety to-day was not because of anything that might happen to Gora, but because, from the night before, she had guessed that he was going through some mental distress, which she now felt sure was the reason of his suddenly going off on this tramp.
Just as Gora set foot in the street with his bundle on his back, Binoy appeared carrying with the greatest care two deep- red roses. “Binoy,” said Gora, “whether you are a bird of good or evil omen will soon be put to the test.” “Are you going on a journey, then ? ” asked Binoy. “ Yes." “ Where?” “Echo answers where !” laughed Gora. “Have you no better answer?' “No. Go to mother and she will tell you all about it. I must be off.” And with these words Gora marched off at a quick pace. On entering her room Binoy made his obeisance to Ananda- moyi and placed the two roses at her feet. Picking them up she asked : “Where did you get these, Binoy?” Binoy, without giving her a definite answer, said: “When I get something good I want first of all to offer it in worship at your feet. But you are thoughtful, mother ?” “ What makes you think so ?” asked Anandamoyi. “ Because you have forgotten to offer me the usual betel leaf,” said Binoy. When Anandamoyi had supplied this deficiency, the two of them went on talking till midday. Binoy was unable to throw any light on the object of Gora's purposeless journey ; but when, in the course of conversation, Anandamoyi asked him whether he had not taken Gora to Paresh Babu's house the day before, he gave her a full account of all that had happened there, and she listened closely to every word. When departing Binoy said : “Mother, is my worship accepted, and may I take the flowers away now that they have received your blessing ?” Anandamoyi laughed as she handed the roses to Binoy. She could see that these blossoms were not receiving such care merely for their beauty--that there was assuredly a deeper object in them than their botanical interest. When Binoy had gone she pondered long on what she had heard, and prayed fervently to God that Gora might not be unhappy, and that nothing might happen to injure his friend- ship with Binoy.
THERE was a history attached to these two roses. The night before, when Gora had departed alone from Paresh Babu's house, he had left poor Binoy in a great fix at the proposal that he should take part in the play at the Magistrate's fair. Lolita had no great enthusiasm for this play, rather she was bored by the whole affair, but she felt an obstinate wish to entangle Binoy in it somehow. She was provoked with Gora, and wanted to use Binoy for doing whatever she could contrary to Gora's wishes. She did not herself understand why it was so unbearable for her to think of Binoy as sub- servient to his friend, but whatever the reason might be, she felt that she could breathe freely if only she could make Binoy independent of all such bondage. So, shaking her head roguishly, she had said to him : “Why, sir, what's wrong with the play ?” “ There may be nothing wrong in the play itself," answered Binoy, “but it is acting in the Magistrate's house that I object to.” “Is that your own opinion or some one else's ?” “ I'm not responsible for expressing other people's ideas," said Binoy; "and, further, they are not easy to explain. Perhaps you may find it hard to believe, but I'm giving you my own opinions, sometimes in my own words, sometimes perhaps in another's.” Lolita merely smiled without replying, but a short time afterwards she said : “Your friend Gour Babu imagines, I suppose, that there is great heroism in setting no value on a magistrate's invitation,—that it is a way of fighting the English ?” “My friend may or may not think so, but I myself certainly do,” replied Binoy with some heat. “Isn't it a method of fighting? How can we preserve our self-respect unless we give up our subserviency to those who think they honour us by beckoning us with their little finger ?” Lolita was naturally of a proud disposition, and she liked to hear Binoy speaking of this need for self-respect; but, feeling the weakness of her argument, she went on hurting Binoy by her needless mockery. “Look here," said Binoy at length. “Why do you go on arguing? Why don't you say “It is my wish that you take
part in this play,' then I could get some pleasure from the sacrifice of my own opinions out of regard for your request.” " Bah!” exclaimed Lolita. “Why should I say that? If you have an honest opinion, why should you act against it at my request ? But it must be honestly yours!” “ Have it that way if you like,” said Binoy. “Let it be granted that I have no real opinion,-if I am not allowed to sacrifice it at your request, let me at least own defeat at the hands of your arguments and consent to take part in the play.” As Mistress Baroda entered the room at this moment, Binoy got up and at once said: “Will you please tell me what I have to do to get up my part ? ”. “ There's no need for you to worry about that," answered Baroda triumphantly. “We'll see that you are coached properly. All you have to do is to come regularly to the rehearsals.” “ Very well, then I'll be going now." “No, no, you must stay to dinner,” urged Mistress Baroda. “ Will you not excuse me to-night?” “No, Binoy Babu, you really must stay,” insisted Baroda. So Binoy stayed, but he did not feel as much at ease as usual. Even Sucharita sat silent to-night, absorbed in her own thoughts. She had not taken any part in the conversa- tion either, while Lolita had been arguing with Binoy, but had got up and been pacing up and down the verandah. Any- how the thread of their intercourse somehow seemed to have snapped. When parting from Lolita, Binoy looked at her serious face and said: “Just my luck! I own defeat, but fail to please you all the same.” Lolita made no answer and turned away. She was not a girl to cry readily, but to-night she felt the tears irresistibly coming to her eyes. What was the matter ? What made her keep on trying to wound Binoy and only getting wounded herself ? As long as Binoy was unwilling to take part in the play, Lolita's persistence had only increased, but, as soon as he consented, all her enthusiasm had vanished. In fact all the arguments against his taking part waxed turbulent in her mind, and she was tormented with the thought that he ought not to have agreed merely at her request. What mattered her request to him? Was this merely his politeness ?-as if she had been pining for his politeness !
But why should she be so contrary now ? Had she not done her best to drag poor Binoy into the play? What right had she to be angry with him because he had yielded to her persistence, even though it was out of politeness ? Lolita was clearly more exercised over this affair, with her self- reproaches, than was merely natural. On other occasions when she was disturbed, she used to go for comfort to Sucharita, but to-night she did not. For she could not fully understand why her heart beat at her breast and the tears struggled to come. Next morning Sudhir brought a bouquet for Labonya, and in it there were two red roses which Lolita immediately took out of the bunch. On being asked why, she replied: “I can't bear to see beautiful blossoms squashed in the middle of a nosegay. It's barbarous to herd a number of flowers together like that," and she untied the bouquet and dis- tributed the flowers in different parts of the room. Satish now came running up to her crying : “ Didi, where did you get these flowers ? " Without answering his question Lolita asked : “ Aren't you going to call on your friend to-day ?” Up to that moment Satish had not been thinking of Binoy, but at the mere mention of him he began to dance, saying : “Yes, of course I will," and he wanted to start there and then. “What do you do when you're there?” asked Lolita, detaining him, to which Satish replied concisely : “ We talk." “He gives you so many pictures, why don't you give him something?” continued Lolita. Binoy had cut out all kinds of pictures from English magazines and Satish had started a scrap-book with them. He had become so keen about filling its pages that the moment he saw a picture, even in a valuable book, his fingers itched to cut it out, and this avidity of his had brought upon his guilty head heaps of scoldings from his sisters. That in this world reciprocity of gifts is expected, now came as a sudden and uncomfortable revelation to Satish. It was not easy for him to contemplate the idea of giving up any of the cherished possessions which he guarded with such care in an old tin box, and his face showed alarm. Lolita pinched his cheek and said with a laugh : “Never mind, don't you worry about that. Just give him these two roses." Delighted at such an easy solution of the problem, Satish set off with the flowers to settle his debt with his friend. On the road he met Binoy and called out : “ Binoy Babu, Binoy
Babu!” and, concealing the roses under his coat, he said : “Can you guess what I've got for you here?” When Binoy had acknowledged defeat as usual, Satish produced the two red blossoms and Binoy exclaimed : “ Oh, how lovely! But, Satish Babu, these are not your own, are they? I hope I shan't be falling into the hands of the police as a receiver of stolen goods!” Satish felt a sudden doubt as to whether he could call these flowers his own or not, so he said after a moment's thought: “Of course not! Why, my sister Lolita gave them to me to give to you!” So now the question was settled, and Binoy said good-bye to Satish with a promise to call in the afternoon. Binoy had not been able to forget the pain he had experi- enced the previous night at Lolita's hands. He seldom quarrelled with people, so he had never expected such sharp words from anybody. At first he had regarded Lolita as merely following in Sucharita's wake, but recently his con- dition with regard to her had been like that of a goaded elephant which gets no time to forget its driver. His chief concern had been to please Lolita anyhow and get for himself a little peace. But on returning home at night her pungent, mocking words recurred to his mind, one after another, till he found sleep difficult. “I am merely like Gora's shadow. I have no opinions of my own.-Lolita despises me because she thinks this, but it is absolutely false.” Thus ran his thoughts, and he marshalled in his mind all kinds of arguments against the idea. But these were of no avail, for Lolita had never brought against him any definite accusation, and had avoided giving him any opportunity for arguing the point. · Binoy had so many answers to the charge, and yet he never got a chance of stating them,-this was what vexed him so. And then to crown it all, even when he had admitted defeat, Lolita had shown no sign of pleasure. This upset him entirely. “Am I then such a contemptible object ?” he bitterly asked himself. So when he heard from Satish that Lolita had sent these roses to him by proxy, he was exultant. He took them as a peace-offering, in token of his surrender. At first he thought he would carry them home, but at length he decided to get them sanctified by offering them at Mother Anandamoyi's feet. That same evening, when Binoy arrived at Paresh Babu's house, Lolita was hearing Satish repeat his school lessons.
Binoy's first words were: “Red is the colour of warfare; flowers of reconciliation ought to have been white." Lolita looked at him blankly, at a loss to understand his meaning, until he brought out from under his shawl a bunch of white oleanders and held them towards her, saying: “No matter how beautiful your roses are, they have still the tinge of anger about them. These flowers of mine can't compare with them for beauty, but they are nevertheless not unworthy of your acceptance in their white garb of humility.” “What flowers do you call mine ? ” asked Lolita, blushing deeply. “ Have I then made a mistake ? ” stammered Binoy in confusion. “Satish Babu, whose flowers did you give me?" “Why, didn't Lolita Didi tell me to give them ? " replied Satish with an injured air. “ To whom did she tell you to give them ? ” questioned Binoy. “To you, of course." Lolita, turning redder than ever, gave Satish a push as she said: “I never saw such a little stupid ! Didn't you want the flowers to give to Binoy Babu in exchange for his pictures ?” “Yes, I did, but didn't you tell me to give them ? ” cried Satish, altogether puzzled. Lolita realised that bandying words with Satish only got her more entangled than ever, for Binoy now clearly saw that Lolita had given him the roses but did not want him to know it. Binoy said: “Never mind. I relinquish my claim to your flowers : but let me tell you, there is no mistake about these flowers of mine. These are my peace-offering, on the making up of our quarrel.” Lolita interrupted him with a toss of her head : “When did we ever quarrel, and what is this making up you speak of ?” “ Has everything, then, been an illusion from start to finish ?” exclaimed Binoy. “No quarrel, no flowers, no reconciliation either! It seems not only a case of mistaking the glitter for gold, but there never was any glitter even ! That proposal about the play, was that—-?”. “There's no mistake about that, anyway,” interrupted Lolita. “But who ever quarrelled about it? What makes you imagine that I've been in a conspiracy to win your con- sent? You agreed, and I was duly gratified, that was all.
But if you have any real objection to taking part in the play, why should you have agreed, no matter who asked you?"" With which she went out of the room. Everything had turned out contrary. That very morning Lolita had decided that she would confess her defeat at Binoy's hands, and would request him to give up the idea of the play. But things had developed in just the opposite way. Binoy was led to think that Lolita had not got over her annoyance at his previous opposition, and was still angry because she thought that although Binoy had outwardly capitulated he yet was, at heart, against the performance. He felt greatly pained that Lolita should have taken the matter so seriously, and he made up his mind that he would never raise any objection again, even in joke ; that he would take up his part in the play with such devotion and ability that no one would be able to accuse him of indifference. Sucharita had been sitting alone in her bedroom since early morning, trying to read the Imitation of Christ. This morning she had not given any attention to her other regular work. Every now and again her mind would wander and the pages of the book become blurred, and then, with redoubled energy, she would force herself to apply her mind to the book, un- willing to acknowledge her weakness. Once she thought she heard the sound of Binoy's voice, and on the impulse of the moment she put her book on the table and started up to go into the sitting-room. But, annoyed with herself for this lack of interest in the subject, she took up the book again and sat down, with her hands over her ears lest any distracting sounds should again disturb her. It often happened that when Binoy called, Gora came also, and she could not help wondering whether he had come to-day. She was afraid lest Gora had come, and then again she was racked by the doubt that he had not. While she was in this distracted state, Lolita entered the room. “Why, what's the matter, my dear ? ” exclaimed Sucharita at the sight of her face. “Nothing !” replied Lolita, shaking her head. * Where were you all this time ? ” asked Sucharita. “ Binoy Babu has come,” said Lolita. “I think he wants to talk to you." Sucharita was afraid to ask whether any one else had come with Binoy. If anybody had come Lolita would certainly have mentioned it; but still her mind was in suspense, and at length she went out, deciding to perform the duties of hospitality
and give up her attempts at self-restraint, first asking Lolita : “Won't you come too ?” “You go first, I'll come along later," replied Lolita a little impatiently. When Sucharita entered the sitting-room she found only Binoy and Satish talking together, and she said : “Father is out, but he will be back soon. Mother has taken Labonya and Lila to our teacher's house to learn their parts. She left word that if you came we were to ask you to wait." “ Aren't you going to be in this play too ? ” inquired Binoy. “ If every one were to act where would the audience be ?" replied Sucharita. Generally, when Binoy and Sucharita were together, there was no lack of conversation between them, but to-day there seemed to be some obstacle on both sides which prevented them from talking freely. Sucharita had come determined not to raise the usual topic of Gora; nor did Binoy find it any easier to mention his name, imagining that Lolita, and perhaps the rest of that household, regarded him as his friend's satellite. After a few random remarks to Binoy, Sucharita, seeing no other way of escape, began to discuss with Satish the merits and demerits of his scrap-book. She managed to rouse Satish's anger by finding fault with his method of arranging his pictures, and Satish, getting excited, disputed with her in his shrill voice. Binoy meanwhile was looking disconsolately at his rejected bunch of white oleander blossoms which lay on the table, and was thinking to himself with wounded pride : “ Lolita ought to have accepted these flowers of mine, if only for the sake of politeness.' Suddenly footsteps were heard, and Sucharita started violently on seeing Haran enter the room. Her startled expression persisted so glaringly that she blushed at Haran's glance. Haran said to Binoy as he sat down : “Well, hasn't your Gora Babu come to-day ?” “Why ?” asked Binoy, irritated at this unnecessary ques- tion. “Have you any need of him ?” “ It is rare to see you and not to see him,” replied Haran. “ That is why I asked.” Binoy felt so annoyed that, afraid lest he should show it, he said abruptly : “ He is not in Calcutta.”
“Gone preaching, I suppose," sneered Haran. Binoy's anger increased, and he remained silent. Sucharita left the room without speaking. Haran rose and followed her at once, but she passed out too quickly for him to overtake her, so he called after her: “Sucharita, I want a word with you." “ I'm not well to-day,” replied Sucharita, and she went and shut herself in her bedroom. Mistress Baroda now arrived on the scene and called Binoy to another room to give him his instructions about the play. When, a short time afterwards, he returned, he found that his flowers had disappeared from the table. Lolita did not turn up that evening for the rehearsal. As for Sucharita, she sat alone in her room till far into the night with the Imitation of Christ lying closed on her lap, and gazed from her corner into the darkness outside. It seemed as if some unknown and wonderful country had appeared before her eyes like a mirage, from which all the experiences of her past life were in some way completely different, so that the lights which shone there, like chaplets of stars in the darkness of night, struck her mind with awe, as at the mystery of the ineffably remote. “How insignificant my life has been,” she felt. “What I thought of as certain up to now has become full of doubt ; what I have been doing every day seems meaningless. In that mystic realm, perhaps, all knowledge will become perfect, all work noble, and the true significance of life will at length be revealed. Who has brought me before the secret portal of this wonderful, unknown, terrible region ? Why does my heart tremble so ?-why do my limbs seem to fail me when I try to advance ?”
For several days Sucharita spent much time at her prayers, and seemed more and more to be in need of Paresh Babu's support. One day when Paresh Babu was reading alone in his room, Sucharita came in and sat quietly beside him, whereupon he laid down his book and asked : “ What is it, Radha dear?” “ Nothing, father," answered Sucharita as she began to arrange the books and papers on his writing-table, although
everything was quite tidy. Then after a few moments she said : “ Father, why don't you read with me as you used to do?” “My pupil has passed out of my school,” said Paresh Babu, smiling affectionately. “Now you can understand things for yourself.” “No, I can't understand anything at all !” protested Sucharita. “I want to read with you as before.” “So be it," agreed Paresh Babu. “We'll begin from to-morrow.” “Father,” said Sucharita suddenly, after a short silence, “why did you not explain to me what Binoy Babu was saying the other day about caste?” “You know, my dear child,” replied Paresh Babu, “ I have always wanted you girls to think for yourselves, and not simply to take my opinions, or any one else's, at second hand. To offer instruction on any question before it has really arisen in the mind is like giving food before one is hungry,-it spoils the appetite and leads to indigestion. But whenever you ask me any question, I am always ready to tell you what I know about it.” “Well, then,” said Sucharita, “ I am asking you a question. Why do we condemn caste distinctions ?” “There's no harm in a cat sitting by and eating right beside you,” explained Paresh Babu, “but if certain men so much as enter the room, the food has to be thrown away! How can one not condemn the caste system which has resulted in this contempt and insult of man by man ? If that is not unrighteous, I do not know what is. Those who can despise their fellow-men so terribly can never rise to greatness ; for them, in turn, shall be reserved the contempt of others.” “ The present degenerate condition of our society has bred many faults,” said Sucharita, repeating something she had heard from Gora's lips, “and these faults have found their way into every aspect of our life, but are we therefore entitled to blame the real thing itself ?” “I could have answered you,” replied Paresh Babu with his usual gentleness,“ had I known where the real thing is to be found. But what I actually see before me is the in- tolerable aversion of man for man in our country,--and how this is dividing and subdividing our people. Can we gain any consolation in such circumstances by trying to dwell on some imaginary `real' thing ?” “ But,” asked Sucharita, again echoing Gora's words,
“ was it not one of the ultimate truths of our country to look on all men with impartial vision ?” " That impartial vision,” said Paresh Babu, “was an intellectual achievement,-it had nothing to do with the heart. In it there was room for neither love nor hate, it transcended likes and dislikes. But man's heart can never find its rest in an abstraction so empty of the heart's requirements. So in spite of the existence of this philosophical equality in our country, we see that the low caste is not allowed entry even into God's temple. If equality be not observed even on God's own ground, what matters it whether its conception is to be found in our philosophy or not?” Sucharita silently revolved Paresh Babu's words in her own mind, trying to understand them, and at length she asked : “ Why then, father, didn't you explain all this to Binoy Babu and his friend ?” Paresh Babu smiled a little as he answered: “They do not understand, not because they lack the intelligence,-they are, rather, too clever to want to understand; they prefer explaining to others! When once the desire comes to them really to understand from the point of view of the highest truth,—that is, of righteousness, they won't have to depend on your father's intelligence for the explanation. At present they view it from quite a different standpoint, and nothing that I can say will be of any use to them.” Although Sucharita had listened to Gora's talk with respect, the divergence of his standard from her own had nevertheless pained her, and prevented her finding consolation in his con- clusions. As Paresh Babu was speaking, she felt for the time relieved of her internal conflict. She would never admit for a moment the idea that Gora, or Binoy, or for that matter anybody at all, could understand any subject better than Paresh Babu. On the contrary, she had never been able to help feeling angry with any one whose opinions did not con- form to his. Lately, however, she had not been able to dismiss Gora's opinions with such ready contempt as of old. It was for the same reason that she now felt this restless desire in her heart to be constantly taking shelter under Paresh Babu's wing, as she had done when a child. She rose from her seat and went as far as the door ; then she came back and, resting her hand on the back of Paresh Babu's chair, said : “ Father, will you let me sit with you at your evening meditation to-day ?” “ Certainly, my dear,” said 'Paresh Babu.
After this Sucharita finally retired into her bedroom and, closing the door, sat down and tried hard to reject all that Gora had said. But at once Gora's face, radiant with confident assurance, rose before her, and she thought to herself : “ Gora's words are not mere words, they are Gora himself. His speech has form and movement, it has life; it is full of the power of faith and the pain of love for his country. His are not opinions that can be settled by contradicting them. They are the whole man himself—and that, too, no ordinary man." How could she have the heart to raise her hand against him in rejection ? Sucharita felt a tremendous struggle going on within her, and she burst into tears. That he could throw her into such a plight, and yet have no compunction in desert- ing her like this, made her heart ache, and because it ached she was woefully ashamed.
It had been decided that Binoy should recite in a dramatic style Dryden's poem on “ The Power of Music," and that the girls in suitable costumes should present tableaux illustrative of the subject of the poem. In addition to this, songs and English recitations were to be given by the girls as well. Mistress Baroda had repeatedly assured Binoy that they would prepare him well for the day, for although she herself knew very little English, she depended for help on one or two of her circle who were well versed in the language. But when the rehearsal took place Binoy astonished these expert friends of hers by his recitation, and Baroda was completely cheated of the pleasure of training up this newcomer. Even those who formerly had not regarded Binoy as any one in particular, were compelled to respect him when they found how proficient he was in English. Haran himself requested Binoy to con- tribute occasional articles to his paper, and Sudhir began to press him to deliver English lectures at his Students' Society. As for Lolita, she was in a strange state of mind. She was pleased, in a way, that Binoy should be independent of any one else's help, and yet she also felt piqued. It upset her to think that Binoy, now conscious of his own powers, might give up expecting to learn anything from them. What exactly Lolita wanted of Binoy, and in what event
she would regain her former peace of mind, she was herself at a loss to understand. As a result, her discontent began to show itself in every little thing, and every time it had Binoy for its target. Lolita could see well enough that this was neither fair nor polite to Binoy ; this hurt her, and she tried hard to restrain herself, but on the slightest pretext some inward resentment would suddenly get the better of her and burst out unreasonably in a way she could not account for. Just as she had at first pestered Binoy till he had consented to take part in this affair, so now she worried him to withdraw. But how could Binoy escape at this stage without upsetting all their plans ? Besides, probably with the discovery of his new powers, he himself seemed to have become quite keen about it. Finally, one day Lolita said to her mother: “I really can't go on with this performance any longer !” Mistress Baroda knew this second daughter of hers only too well, so she asked in dismay: “Why, what's the trouble?” " I simply can't do it,” repeated Lolita. As a matter of fact, from the time it was no longer possible to regard Binoy as a novice, Lolita had been quite unwilling to recite her piece, or rehearse her part, in his presence. She practised alone by herself, to the great inconvenience of every one else; but it was impossible to do anything with her, and at length they had to yield and carry on the rehearsals without her. But when, at the last moment, Lolita declared her intention of withdrawing altogether, Baroda was nonplussed. She knew well enough that nothing she could say or do would be any good at all, so she was driven to ask Paresh Babu's help. Though he never meddled in the matter of his daughters' likes or dislikes in unimportant matters, yet as they had given a promise to the Magistrate, and there was very little time left for making other arrangements, Paresh Babu called Lolita to him and, putting his hand on her head, said : “ Lolita, would it not be wrong if you withdrew now?” “I can't do it, father," said Lolita with suppressed tears in her voice. “It's quite beyond me.” “It won't be your fault if you can't do it well,” said Paresh Babu. “But if you don't do it at all, that will really be wrong of you.” Lolita hung her head as her father went on : “My dear, when you have once taken up a responsibility, you must see it through. This is not the time to try and escape, merely
because your pride is hurt. What if your pride does suffer, can you not bear that in order to do your duty ? Won't you try, dear?” “I will,” said Lolita as she lifted her face to her father's. That very evening she made a special effort, and throwing off all hesitation due to Binoy's presence, she entered into her part with zest, almost with defiance. It was the first time that Binoy had heard her recite, and he was really astonished at the vigour and clearness of her enunciation, the unhesitating force with which she interpreted the meaning of the poem. He was delighted beyond his expectations, and her voice sounded in his ears for long after the recitation was over. A good reciter exercises a peculiar fascination over the hearer,– the poem lends its own charm to the reciter's mind, as do flowers to the branches on which they bloom. And from that moment Lolita, for Binoy, became enveloped in poetry. Hitherto Lolita had all the time kept Binoy goaded by her sharp tongue; and just as one's hand constantly seeks only the painful spot, so had Binoy been unable to discern anything of Lolita save her stinging words and her ironical smiles. All his thoughts about her had been confined to trying to discover what made her say this or do that, and the more mysterious had seemed her displeasure the busier had he been kept worrying about it. It had often been his first waking thought, and, every time he started for Paresh Babu's house, he had anxiously wondered what Lolita's mood would be. Whenever he had found her gracious, an immense load seemed to be lifted from Binoy's mind, and then his problem had been how to contrive to make this mood permanent,--a problem, how- ever, of which the solution was clearly beyond his powers. That is why, after the mental disquiet of all these days, Lolita's recitation of this poem stirred him in a strangely forcible way, so much so that he was at a loss to find any words to express the pleasure he felt. But he did not dare to make any remark to Lolita, for there was no knowing whether his praise would please her, whether such usual sequence of cause and effect would apply to her at all,-the chances were it wouldn't, just because it was usual! So Binoy went over to Mistress Baroda, and to her unburdened himself of his admiration for Lolita's performance, whereupon Baroda's opinion of Binoy's wisdom and intelligence became higher than ever. The effect on the other side was no less curious. As soon as Lolita felt that her elocution had been a success, that she
had ridden the waves of her difficulties like a good seaworthy boat, all her irritation against Binoy vanished, and no vestige of her desire to annoy him remained. Thenceforth she became quite keen about the rehearsals, and in the process was drawn closer to Binoy. She even had no compunction in asking Binoy's advice. At this change in Lolita's attitude towards him, Binoy felt as if a stone had been rolled off his breast. He felt so light- hearted that he wanted to go to Anandamoyi and play his old childish pranks with her. Many ideas crowded into his mind which he felt he would like to talk over with Sucharita, but he hardly ever saw her nowadays. Whenever Binoy got the chance of a chat with Lolita he took it, but yet he felt he still would have to be very careful. He knew how critically he and his friend would be judged by her, so that his conversation did not flow with its natural speed. Sometimes Lolita would say to him : “Why do you talk as though you were speaking out of a book ?” to which Binoy would answer : “ I've spent all my time reading, so I suppose my mind must have become like a printed page.” Then again Lolita would say : “ Please don't try to talk so well,-just say whatever you really think. You talk so beautifully that one suspects you are merely expounding somebody else's ideas." For this reason, whenever any idea occurred to Binoy's orderly mind, in an appropriate, well-finished phrase he would, before expressing it to Lolita, try to condense and simplify it, and if a chance metaphor happened to escape him he felt abashed. Lolita herself shone out as if after the passing of some inexplicable cloud. Even Mistress Baroda was astonished to see the change in her. She no longer turned contrary, as of old, making objections to anything and everything, but joined heartily in what they were doing, rather overwhelming them with the abundance of her ideas and suggestions for the coming play. In this matter Baroda's own exuberance was somewhat tempered by her love for economy, so she was now as embarrassed at her daughter's keenness as she had formerly been at her lack of it. Lolita, full of her newborn zeal, would often seek out Sucharita with an eager expectation, but although Sucharita laughed and talked with her, Lolita somehow felt herself checked in her presence, and had to come away every time with a sense of disappointment.
One day she went to Paresh Babu and said : “Father, it's not fair that Didi should be sitting alone with her books while we are slaving away at the performance. Why shouldn't she join us?" Paresh Babu himself had noticed that Sucharita seemed to be holding aloof from her companions, and had been fearing that such moodiness was not healthy for her. Now, at Lolita's words, he came to the conclusion that unless she was induced to join in the amusements of the others, this might become a habit. So he said to Lolita : “Why don't you speak to your mother about it?” “I will speak to mother," said Lolita," but you will have to do the persuading, or else Didi will never agree.” When finally Paresh Babu did speak to Sucharita, he was agreeably surprised to find that she had no excuse to make, but at once came forward to do her allotted duty. As soon as Sucharita came out of her seclusion Binoy tried to get on the same intimate terms with her as before, but something seemed to have happened meanwhile which pre- vented his reaching up to her. There was such a far-away look in her eyes, such detachment in her expression, that he shrank from thrusting himself on her. There had always been a kind of distance in her manner which now became more pronounced, in spite of her joining the rehearsals. She would get through just her own part, and then leave the room. And in this way she receded farther and farther away from Binoy. Now that Gora was away, Binoy was free to become more intimate than ever with Paresh Babu's household, and the more he relapsed into his own true nature the more were they all drawn to him, and the better pleased was he with himself at experiencing this expansive freedom, hitherto unknown. It was at this juncture that he found Sucharita drifting away from him. At any other time he would have found the pain of such loss hard to bear, but now he easily rose above it. The strange thing was that Lolita, though noticing this change in Sucharita, made no grievance of it, as she would have done before. Was it because enthusiasm for the play and her recitations had taken such complete possession of her ? Haran, for his part, finding Sucharita taking part in the entertainment, also waxed enthusiastic over it. He himself offered to recite a passage from Paradise Lost, and deliver a short lecture on the Charms of Music as a kind of prelude to
the recitation of Dryden's poem. This suggestion annoyed Mistress Baroda, and Lolita too was far from pleased ; but Haran had already written to the Magistrate about it and settled the matter. So when Lolita hinted that the Magistrate might object to the proceedings being too long, Haran silenced her by triumphantly producing the Magistrate's letter of thanks from his pocket. No one knew when Gora would be coming back from his expedition. Although Sucharita had determined that she would dismiss the matter from her thoughts, every day the hope was born afresh in her mind that perhaps this would be the day of his return. Just when she was feeling keenly both this indifference of Gora's and the unruliness of her own mind, and was anxiously seeking for some way of extricating herself from such a predicament, Haran came and once more requested Paresh Babu to celebrate, in God's name, his betrothal cere- mony with Sucharita. “There is still a long time before the marriage can take place," objected Paresh Babu. “Do you think it wise to bind yourselves so soon?” “I think it very essential for both of us,” answered Haran, “ that we should go through a period of being thus bound to each other before marriage. It will be good for our souls to have this kind of spiritual relationship as a bridge between our first acquaintance and the married state,-a tie without the bondage of duties." “You had better see what Sucharita has to say,” suggested Paresh Babu. “But she has already given her consent," urged Haran. Paresh Babu, however, was still in doubt as to Sucharita's real feelings for Haran, so he called her himself and told her about Haran's proposal. Sucharita had come to the point of clutching at any support for setting at rest her distracted condition, so she agreed so readily and unhesitatingly that all Paresh Babu's doubts were dispelled. He again asked Sucharita to consider well all the responsibilities attaching to a long engagement, and when, even then, she had no objection to raise, it was settled that, as soon as Mr. Brownlow's entertainment was over, a day should be fixed for the betrothal ceremony. After this Sucharita felt for a time as though her thoughts had been rescued from some devouring dragon, and she made up her mind that she would prepare herself sternly for serving the Brahmo Samaj on marrying Haran. She decided to have
daily readings with Haran, from English books on religious subjects, so as to be able to shape her life according to his ideas; and she felt a sense of uplift in having thus accepted a difficult, even unpleasant, burden. Of late she had not been reading the paper of which Haran was editor. The day after her decision she received a copy fresh from the press, sent probably by the editor's own hand. Sucharita took the paper to her room and sat down to read it from start to finish, as a kind of religious duty, prepared like a devoted pupil to take to heart all the instruction it offered. But instead, like a ship in full sail, she ran against a rock. There was an article entitled “ The Mania for Looking Back," which consisted of a bitter attack on those people who, although living in modern times, persistently turn their faces towards the past. The reasoning was not unsound-in fact Sucharita had been searching for just such arguments,—but as soon as she read the article she could see that the object of the attack was Gora. There was, indeed, no mention of his name nor any reference to his writings, but it was evident that just as a soldier takes pleasure in seeing every bullet fired from his gun kill a man, so a spiteful joy expressed itself in this article because every word wounded a living person. The whole spirit of the paper was intolerable to Sucharita, and she wanted to tear every one of its arguments into shreds. She said to herself: “Gourmohan Babu could have powdered this article into dust!” And as she did so his radiant face shone out before her eyes, and his powerful voice rang in her ears. In the presence of this image and in contrast with the uncommon quality of his speech, this article and its writer appeared so contemptibly trivial that she threw the paper on the floor. For the first time after many days Sucharita then came and sat by Binoy, and in the course of her talk she said : “What has happened to the copies of the paper in which your writings, and your friend's, appear? Didn't you promise to give me them to read ?” Binoy did not tell her that he had not had the courage to keep his promise because of the change he had noticed in her, so he merely said : “ I've kept them all ready for you, and will bring them to-morrow.” Next day Binoy brought with him an armful of magazines and newspapers and left them with Sucharita. But, when she thus got them, she would not read them, and put them away in a box. She did not read them simply because she
was so eager to do so. Once more she sought peace for her rebellious heart by refusing to allow it to be distracted and forcing it to accept Haran's undisputed sway.
On a Sunday morning Anandamoyi was preparing pan, and Sasi, seated beside her, was slicing piles of betel-nut, when Binoy entered the room. Sasi bashfully made her escape, scattering the nuts on her lap all over the floor. Anandamoyi smiled. Binoy had the habit of making friends with everybody all round, and had always been on specially good terms with Sasi. They were always teasing each other. Sasi had hit upon the device of hiding away Binoy's shoes and returning them only on his promising to tell her a story, while Binoy in revenge would invent stories based on highly coloured versions of actual events from Sasi's own life. This proved to be condign punishment for her; for she would first try to escape by accusing the story-teller of falsehood, then by contradicting him in a voice louder than his own, and finally by flying from the room in utter rout. Sometimes she would try to retaliate by manufacturing similar stories about Binoy, but she was no match for her opponent in the power of invention. However that may be, whenever Binoy used to come to the house she would leave everything else and come running to have her fun with him. Sometimes she would pester Binoy so badly that Anandamoyi had to rebuke her, but the fault was not hers alone, for Binoy used to ask for trouble so success- fully that it was impossible for her to control herself. So now, when that same Sasi self-consciously fled from the room at Binoy's entry, Anandamoyi smiled, it is true, but it was not a smile of happiness. Binoy himself was so much upset by this trifling incident that he sat for some time without uttering a word. It suddenly made him realise how unnatural these new relations with Sasi really were. When he had consented to the proposal of marriage he had been thinking only of his friendship with Gora, but he had never visualised clearly what it would mean in other con- nections. Besides, as Binoy had so often written in their paper, in our country marriage is mainly a social matter, not
a personal one, nor had he indulged in any personal likes or dislikes in his own case. Now that he had seen Sasi retire at the sight of her future husband, overwhelmed with bashfulness, he got a glimpse of what their future relationship would be like. As he realised how far Gora had dragged him along, against his own nature, he became angry with his friend and also reproached himself. And when he remembered how, from the very first, Anandamoyi had discouraged the proposal, he was filled with an admiration for her, not unmixed with astonishment at her keenness of perception. Anandamoyi understood what was passing in Binoy's mind, and in order to turn his thoughts into other channels she said : “ Binoy, I had a letter from Gora yesterday." “What does he say?” asked Binoy somewhat absently. “Nothing much about himself," replied Anandamoyi. “But he writes sorrowfully about the plight of the poorer people in the country. He has a long description of all the wrongs perpetrated by the magistrate in some village called Ghosepara.” Feeling in a state of excited antagonism towards Gora, Binoy said somewhat impatiently : “Gora's eyes are always for others' faults : he would excuse all the social outrages, which we ourselves are every day heaping upon our own fellows, and call them virtuous acts !”. Anandamoyi smiled to see Binoy making a stand as champion of the opposite party, in the process of having his fling at Gora, but she said nothing. Binoy went on : “ Mother, you smile and wonder why I have suddenly become indignant. I will tell you what makes me angry. The other day Sudhir took me to a friend's house in the country. When we started from Calcutta it began to rain, and when the train stopped at the junction I saw a Bengali in European dress holding an umbrella well over himself and watching his wife getting out of the carriage. The woman had a child in her arms and she barely managed to protect her baby with her shawl, as she stood exposed on the open platform, shrinking with cold and diffidence. When I saw that the husband stood there, unabashed, under his umbrella, and the drenched wife also took it uncomplainingly, as a matter of course,-nor did anybody else on the station seem to regard it as in any way wrong,-it seemed to me as if there was not a single woman in the whole of Bengal, whether poor or rich, who had any protection against rain or sun.
From that moment I vowed never again to utter the lie that we treat our womenfolk with great reverence, as our good angels, our goddesses, and so forth !” Binoy stopped short as he realised how his feelings had led him to raise his voice. He concluded in his natural tone : “Mother, you perhaps think I am delivering a lecture to you, as I sometimes do elsewhere. It may be I have got into the habit of talking as if I were lecturing, but that is not what I am doing now. I have never realised before how much our women mean to our country. I never even gave a thought to them.--But I won't chatter much more now, mother. Because I talk so much no one believes that my words express my own ideas. I shall be more careful in future !” and, as abruptly as he had come, Binoy departed, full of his new- found emotion. Anandamoyi, calling Mohim, said: “Binoy's marriage with Sasi will never take place.” “ Why?" asked Mohim. “Are you opposed to it?” “ Yes, I'm against the proposal because I know it will never come off in the end, otherwise why should I object?”. “ Gora has consented, and so has Binoy, so why shouldn't it come off? Though, of course, if you disapprove I know that Binoy will never marry her.” “I know Binoy better than you do." “ Better even than Gora does ?” “Yes, I know him more thoroughly than Gora does, and therefore, after considering it from every point of view, I feel I ought not to give my consent.” “ Well, let Gora come back first." “Mohim, listen to me. If you try and press this matter too far it will lead to trouble, I can assure you. I do not wish Gora to talk to Binoy on the subject again.” “ All right, we'll see about that,” said Mohim as he stuffed some pan into his mouth and went out of the room.
WHEN Gora started on his expedition he had with him four companions. Abinash, Motilal, Basanta and Ramapati. But they all found it difficult to keep pace with Gora's pitiless enthusiasm. Abinash and Basanta returned to Calcutta after the first few days on the plea of ill health. As for the other
two, it was only because of their devotion for Gora that they did not do likewise, leaving their leader alone. And indeed Motilal and Ramapati suffered in no small degree for their loyalty, because no amount of tramping seemed to tire Gora, nor was he ever bored, however long they might be held up on the way. He would stay on day after day in the home of those who were eager to offer hospitality to these Brahmin wayfarers, no matter what conveniences the place might lack. The villagers would crowd round to listen to Gora and were loath to part with him. This was the first time Gora had seen what the condition of his country was like, outside the well-to-do and cultured society of Calcutta. How divided, how narrow, how weak was this vast expanse of rural India,-how supinely un- conscious of its own power, how ignorant and indifferent as to its own welfare! What gulfs of social separation yawned between villages only a few miles apart. What a host of self- imposed imaginary obstacles prevented them from taking their place in the grand commerce of the world. The most trivial things looked so big to them; the least of their tradi- tions seemed so unbreakable. Without such an opportunity to see it for himself, Gora would never have been able even to imagine how inert were their minds, how petty their lives, how feeble their efforts. One day a fire occurred in one of the villages in which Gora was staying, and he was astounded to see how utterly they failed to combine their resources even when faced by so grave a calamity. All was confusion, every one running hither and thither, weeping and wailing, without the least sign of method anywhere. There was no source of drinking-water near by, the women of the neighbourhood having to bring water from a great distance for their household work, even those who were comparatively well off never dreaming of digging a tank to mitigate this daily inconvenience in their own households. There had been fires before, but as every one had accepted them merely as visitations of Fate, it never occurred to them to try to make some arrangement for a nearer supply of water. It began to appear ridiculous to Gora for him to be lectur- ing these people about the condition of their country, when their power of understanding even the most urgent needs of their own neighbourhood was so overcast by blind habit. What, however, astonished him most was to find that neither Motilal nor Ramapati seemed to be the least disturbed by all that they were seeing rather they appeared to regard Gora's
perturbation as uncalled for. “ This is how the poor are accustomed to live," they said to themselves; “what to us would be hardship they do not feel at all.” They even thought it mere sentimentality to be so concerned about a better life for them. But to Gora it was a constant agony to be brought face to face with this terrible load of ignorance, apathy and suffering, which had overwhelmed rich and poor, learned and ignorant alike, and clogged their advance at every step. Then Motilal received news of the illness of a relative and left for home, so that Ramapati alone remained with Gora. As these two proceeded they came to a Mohammedan village on the bank of a river. After a long search for some place where they could accept hospitality, they discovered at last a solitary Hindu house,—that of a barber. When this man had duly offered welcome to the Brahmin visitors, they saw on entering his house that one of the inmates was a Mohammedan boy whom, they learnt, the barber and his wife had adopted. The orthodox Ramapati was thoroughly disgusted, and when Gora taxed the barber with his un-Hindu conduct, he said : “What's the difference, sir ? We call on Him as Hari, they as Allah, that's all.” Meanwhile the sun had risen high and had begun to shine fiercely. The river was far off, across a wide stretch of burning sand. Ramapati, tortured with thirst, wondered where he could get any drinking-water, fit for a Hindu. There was a small well near the barber's house, but the water polluted by this renegade's touch could not serve for his need. “ Has this boy no parents of his own ?” asked Gora. “ He has both mother and father living, but he is as good as an orphan all the same," answered the barber. “ How do you mean?” The barber then related the boy's history. The estate on which they were living had been farmed out to Indigo Planters, who were always disputing with the agriculturist tenants the rights to till the fertile alluvial land on the river - banks. All the tenants had given in to the sahibs except those living in this village of Ghosepara, who refused to be ousted by the Planters. They were Mohammedans, and their leader Faru Sardar was afraid of no one. During these disputes with the Planters he had twice been put in gaol for fighting the police, and he had at length been reduced to such straits that he was practically starving, yet he would not be tamed.
This year the cultivators had managed to reap an early crop off the fresh alluvial deposits by the river-side, but the Planter himself had come later on, only about a month ago, with a band of club-men and forcibly taken away the harvested grain. It was on this occasion that Faru Sardar, in defending his fellow-villagers, had hit the sahib such a blow on his right hand that it had to be amputated. Such daring had never been known in these parts before. From then onwards the police had been engaged in de- vastating the whole neighbourhood, like a raging fire. No household was safe from their inquisitorial depredations, nor the honour of the women. Others besides Faru had been put away in gaol, and of those who were left, many had fled from the village. In the house of Faru there was no food, and his wife had only one piece of cloth to wear as a sari, the condition of which was such that she could not come out in public. Their only son, this boy Tamiz, used to call the barber's wife “ Auntie," and when she saw that he was practically starving, the kind-hearted woman took him away to her own home. At a distance of about two or three miles were the offices of the Indigo Factory and there the Inspector of Police and his force were quartered. When they would next descend upon the village, and what they would do in the name of investigation, no one could say. Only the previous day they had suddenly appeared in the house of the barber's old neigh- bour, Nazim. This Nazim had a young brother-in-law who had come from a different district to see his sister. At sight of him the Police Inspector, without rhyme or reason, had remarked : “Ha, we have a fighting cock here, I see! Throws out his chest, does he ?” With which he struck him over the face with his staff, knocking out his teeth and making his mouth bleed. When the man's sister, at sight of this brutality, came running up to tend her brother, she was sent reeling to the ground with a savage blow. Formerly the police had not the courage to commit such atrocities in this quarter, but now that all the able-bodied men had either been arrested or had fled, they could wreak their wrath on the villagers with impunity, and there was no knowing how long their shadow would continue to darken the locality. Gora could not tear himself away from the barber's recital, but Ramapati had become desperate with thirst, so before the barber had finished his story he repeated his question: "How far is the nearest Hindu quarter ?” “ The rent collector of the Indigo Factory is a Brahmin,
by name Madhav Chatterjee,” said the barber. “He is the nearest Hindu. He lives in the office buildings, 2 or 3 miles away.” “ What kind of a man is he?" asked Gora. “A regular limb of Satan,” replied the barber. “You couldn't get another scoundrel so cruel, and yet so soft-spoken. He has been entertaining the Police Inspector all these days, but will collect the expenses from us, with a little profit for himself, too !” " Come, Gora Babu, let's be going,” interposed Ramapati impatiently. “I can't stand this any longer.” His patience had been brought to breaking point by the sight of the barber's wife drawing water from the well in the courtyard and pouring pitchers full over that wretch of a Mohammedan boy for his bath! His nerves were so set on edge that he felt he could not remain in that house for another moment. Gora, as he was going, asked the barber : “How is it that you are lingering on here in spite of these outrages ? Have you no relatives to go to, elsewhere?” “I've been living here all my life,” explained the barber, “and have got attached to all the neighbours. I am the only Hindu barber near about, and, as I have nothing to do with land, the Factory people don't molest me. Besides, there's hardly another man left in the whole village, and if I went away the women would die of fright.” “Well, we're off," said Gora,“ but I'll come and see you again after we've had some food.” The effect of this long story of oppression on the famished and thirsty Ramapati was to turn all his indignation against the recalcitrant villagers, who had brought all this trouble on their own head. This upraising of the head in the presence of the strong seemed to him the very height of folly and pig- headedness on the part of these Mohammedan roughs. He felt they were served right thus to be taught a lesson, and to have their insolence broken. It is just this class of people, thought he, who always fall foul of the police, and for that they them- selves are mainly responsible. Why could not they give in to their lords and masters? What was the use of this parade of independence—where was their foolhardy boasting now? In fine, Ramapati's sympathies were inwardly ranged on the side of the sahibs. As they walked across the burning sand, in the full heat of the mid-day sun, Gora never spoke a single word. When at length the roof of the Indigo Factory's oflice showed through
the trees, he stopped suddenly and said : “Ramapati, you go and get something to eat, I'm going back to that barber's." “Whatever do you mean?” exclaimed Ramapati. “ Aren't you going to eat anything yourself? Why not go after we've had something at this Brahmin's house ?” “ I'll take care of myself, don't you worry!” replied Gora. “You get some food and then go back to Calcutta. I expect I shall have to stay on at that Ghosepara village for a few days, -you'll not be able to do that.” Ramapati broke out into a cold sweat. He could not believe his ears. How could Gora, good Hindu as he was, even talk of staying in the home of those unclean people? Was he mad, or determined to starve himself to death ? But this was not the time to do much thinking ; every moment seemed to him an age; and it did not need much persuasion to make him take this opportunity of escape to Calcutta. Before he went into the office, however, he turned to cast one glance at Gora's tall figure as he strode across the burning, deserted sands. How lonely he looked ! Gora was almost overcome with hunger and thirst, but the very idea of having to preserve his caste by eating in the house of that unscrupulous scoundrel, Madhav Chatterjee, became more and more unbearable the longer he thought of it. His face was flushed, his eyes bloodshot, his brain on fire with the revolt in his mind. “What terrible wrong have we been doing," he said to himself, “ by making purity an external thing! Shall my caste remain pure by eating from the hands of this oppressor of the poor Mahomedans, and be lost in the home of the man who has not only shared their miseries but given shelter to one of them at the risk of being outcasted himself ? Let the final solution be what it may, I cannot accept such conclusion now.” The barber was surprised to see Gora return alone. The first thing Gora did was to take the barber's drinking-vessel and after carefully cleaning it, fill it with water from the well. After drinking he said : “ If you have any rice and dal in the house please let me have some to cook.” His host busied him- self in getting everything ready for the cooking, and when Gora had prepared and eaten his meal he said : “I will stay on with you for a time.” The barber was beside himself at the idea, and putting his hands together in entreaty, he said : “I am indeed fortunate that you should think of condescending so far, but this house is.
being watched by the police, and if they find you here it may lead to trouble.” “ The Police won't dare to harm you while I am here, if they do, I'll take care of you.” “No, no,” implored the barber. “Pray don't think of such a thing. If you try to protect me I shall indeed be a lost man. These fellows will think I am trying to get them into trouble by calling in an outsider as witness of their misdeeds. So far, I've managed to steer clear of them, but once I am a marked man, I'll have to leave, and after that the village will go to rack and ruin." It was hard for Gora, who had spent all his days in the city, to comprehend the reason of the man's apprehensions. He had always imagined that you only had to stand firmly enough on the side of right, for evil to be overcome. His sense of duty would not allow him to think of leaving these afflicted villagers to their fate. But the barber fell on his knees and clasped his feet saying : “ You a Brahmin, sir, have deigned to come as my guest,-to ask you to depart is nothing less than a crime for me. But because I see you really pity us, I make bold to tell you that if you try to prevent any of this police oppression while staying in my house, you will only get me into trouble.” Gora, annoyed at what he considered the unreasonable cowardice of the barber, left him that very afternoon. He even had a revulsion of feeling for having taken food under the roof of this good-for-nothing renegade ! Tired and disgusted he arrived towards evening at the Factory office. Ramapati had lost no time in starting for Calcutta after his meal, and was no longer there. Madhav Chatterjee showed the greatest respect for Gora, and invited him to be his guest, but Gora, full of his angry reflections, broke out with: “I won't even touch your water!” On the astonished Madhav inquiring the reason, Gora began to tax bim bitterly for his outrageous acts of oppression and refused to take a seat. The Police Inspector was reclining on a tukta fitted with a huge bolster, puffing away at his hookah, and at Gora's out- burst he sat up and asked rudely : “Who the deuce are you, and where do you come from?” “Ah! The Inspector, I suppose ?” remarked Gora, with- out giving any answer to his question. “Let me tell you that I've taken note of all your doings at Ghosepara. If you don't mend your ways, even yet, then-
“You'll have us all hanged, will you ?” sneered the Inspector, turning towards his friend. “We seem to have got hold of a bumptious sort of a bounder, I see. I thought it was a beggar, but just look at his eyes !—Sergeant, come forward ! ” he shouted to one of his men. Madhav, with a perturbed air, took the Inspector by the hand as he pleaded : “Oh, I say, Inspector, go slow. Don't be insulting a gentleman!” “ Nice sort of gentleman, indeed ! ” flung out the Inspector. “Who is he to abuse you like that wasn't that an insult ?” “What he said wasn't exactly untrue, was it, so why let's get angry about it ? ” replied Madhav unctuously. “I am the agent of the Indigo Planters for my sins,—what worse can be said of me? And don't take it amiss, old fellow, but does it really amount to any further abuse to call a Police Inspector an emissary of Satan? It's the business of tigers to kill and eat their prey,so what's the sense in calling them types of meekness? -Well, well, there we are, we've got to make a living somehow ! ” No one had ever seen Madhav get into a fit of temper unless he had anything to gain by it. Who could tell beforehand what kind of person could be of help and which could do an injury ? So he always went into the pros and cons before he decided to injure or insult any one. He did not believe in unnecessary waste of energy. “Look here, Babu," then said the Inspector to Gora. “We have come here to carry out Government orders. If you try to meddle in this business you'll get into hot water, I promise you !” Gora went off without answering, but Madhav followed after him and said : “ What you say is quite true, sir, ours is butcher's work, and as for that rogue of an Inspector over there, it is a sin to sit on the same seat with him! I can't speak of all the wrong I have had to get done through that fellow. But it won't be for much longer. After a few years I shall have earned enough to pay the expenses of my daughter's marriage and then I and my wife can retire to a religious life in Benares. I'm getting tired of this sort of thing-sometimes I feel inclined to hang myself and end it all! Anyhow, where are you proposing to stay the night ? Why not dine with me and sleep here. I'll make separate arrangements for you, so that you need not even cross that blackguard's shadow.” Göra was blessed with an appetite of more than the usual dimensions, -he had moreover eaten very little through all that dismal day, but his whole body was afire with indignation,
and he simply could not stay on there for anything, so he excused himself, saying that he had business elsewhere. “Let me at least send a lantern with you,” said Madhav. But Gora went off quickly, without waiting to reply, while Madhav, returning to the house, said to the Inspector : “ That fellow's sure to go and report us, old fellow. If I were you I would send some one on to the Magistrate, beforehand.” " What for ?” asked the Inspector. “Just to warn him," suggested Madhav, “ that there's a young Babu from somewhere, going about trying to get at the witnesses in your case.” pour Comewhereggested to
The Magistrate, Mr. Brownlow, was taking an evening walk by the river and with him was Haran. Some way off, his wife was having her drive with Paresh Babu's daughters. Mr. Brownlow was in the habit of inviting to an occasional garden-party at his house a few of his respectable Bengali acquaintances, and would preside at the prize distribution of the local High School. If he was requested to honour a wedding celebration in some wealthy home he would graciously yield to the importunate invitation. He would even, when asked to grace a Jatra party, sit for some time in a big arm- chair and try patiently to stay through some of the songs. The year before, at a Jatra performance given in a pleader's house, he was so pleased with the acting of two of the boy performers that, at his special request, they repeated their dialogue before him. His wife was a missionary's daughter, and she often had the missionary ladies of the station to tea-parties at her home. She had founded a Girls' School for the District and tried hard to keep up the number of its pupils. Seeing how studious Paresh Babu's daughters were at their lessons, she was always encouraging them, and even now, when they lived at a distance, she used to write letters to them, and every Christmas she sent them presents of religious books. The Fair had started, and Mistress Baroda had arrived on the scene with all the girls, as well as Haran, Sudhir and Binoy. Accommodation had been provided for them in the Government Bungalow. Paresh Babu, being unable to stand all this excite- ment and bustle, had been left behind in Calcutta all alone.
Sucharita had tried her best to remain with him for company, but Paresh Babu, regarding the acceptance of the Magistrate's invitation as a duty, insisted on sending her along too. It had been settled that the play and recitations should be given at an evening party to be held two days later at the Magistrate's house. The Commissioner of the District, as well as the Lieutenant-Governor and his wife, were to be present, and the Magistrate had invited many English friends, not only from the neighbouring districts, but also from Calcutta. Arrangements had also been made for a few select Bengalis, for whom, it was rumoured, a separate tent would be provided in the garden, with orthodox refreshments. Haran had managed to please the Magistrate in a very short time by the high standard of his conversation, and had astonished the sahib by his unusual knowledge of the Christian scriptures, so much so that Mr. Brownlow had asked him why, when he had got so far, he stopped short of becoming a Christian himself ! This evening they were engaged, as they walked along the river-bank, in a grave discussion about the methods of the Brahmo Samaj and the best means for the reform of the Hindu Social System. In the middle of their talk Gora suddenly came up and accosted the sahib with a “ Good evening, sir." He had tried to obtain an interview with the Magistrate the day before, but he had soon made the discovery that in order to obtain an audience of the sahib he would have to pay toll to his servants. Being unwilling to countenance such a dis- graceful practice, he had taken this opportunity of waylaying the sahib during his evening walk. At this interview neither Haran nor Gora showed any sign of their previous acquaint- ance. · The Magistrate was rather surprised at this sudden appari- tion. This kind of six-foot tall, big-boned, stalwart figure he could not remember to have come across before in this pro- vince. Neither was his complexion like that of the ordinary Bengali. He was wearing a khaki shirt and a coarse and some- what soiled dhuti. He had a bamboo stick in his hand, and his shawl was twisted into a kind of turban on his head. “I have just come from Ghosepara," began Gora. Whereupon the Magistrate gave a half-subdued whistle. Only the day before he had received intimation that a stranger was trying to interfere in the Ghosepara investigations. So this was the fellow ! He looked Gora up and down with a
keen inquiring stare and asked : “To what part of the country do you belong?" * I am a Bengali Brahmin,” said Gora. “Oh! Connected with some newspaper, I suppose ?” 66 No." “ Then what were you doing at Ghosepara ?” “I happened to be staying there in the course of a walking tour, and seeing signs of police oppression, with apprehension of more to come, I have come to you in the hope of remedy." “ Are you aware that the Ghosepara people are a set of rogues ? ” said the Magistrate. “ They're not rogues, but they are fearless and independent, and cannot endure injustice without protest,” answered Gora. This enraged the Magistrate. Here was one of those modern youths whose brains had been turned by education. “ Insufferable,” he muttered under his breath, adding aloud : “ You know nothing about local conditions round here,” in a stern voice which was expected to clinch the matter. But Gora answered in his big voice : “You know much less of those conditions than I do!”. “Look here,” said the Magistrate. “Let me warn you that if you meddle with this Ghosepara affair you will not get off cheaply." “Since you have a prejudice against the villagers, and have made up your mind not to remedy their wrongs,” said Gora, “I've no other course but to go back to Ghosepara, and encourage the people, so far as I can, to stand up for them- selves against this police oppression.” The Magistrate stopped short in his walk to turn on Gora like a flash of lightning with the shout : “ What confounded insolence!” Gora left slowly, without answering back further. “What is all this a symptom of in your countrymen, now- adays?” scornfully asked the Magistrate of Haran. " It simply shows that their education is not going deep enough,” replied Haran in a superior tone. “ There is no spiritual and moral teaching at aìl. These fellows have not been able to assimilate the best in English culture. It is because they have only learnt their lessons by rote, and not had any moral training, that these ingrates will not acknow- ledge British rule in India to be a dispensation of Providence.” “Such moral culture they will never get until they accept Christ,” remarked the Magistrate sententiously. “In a way that is true," admitted Haran, and proceeded
to plunge into a subtle analysis of where he agreed and where he disagreed with the Christian point of view. The Magistrate was held so engrossed by this discourse that it was not till his wife had returned in the carriage, after leaving Paresh Babu's daughters at the Bungalow, and called out : “ Aren't you coming home, Harry ?” that he suddenly realised how late it was. “ By Jove,” he exclaimed as he looked at his watch, " it's twenty past eight ! ”and as he got into the carriage he warmly pressed Haran's hand saying: “ The evening has passed most pleasantly in this interesting talk with you." Haran, on his return to their Bungalow, retailed at length the conversation he had been having with the Magistrate, but he failed to touch upon the incident of Gora's sudden appearance.
FORTY-SEVEN of the unfortunate villagers had been put into the lock-up, without a regular trial, simply as an example to the rest. After leaving the Magistrate, Gora went in search of a lawyer, and was told that Satkori Haldar was one of the best in the locality. On calling at his house it turned out that this lawyer was an old fellow-student of Gora's. “Well I declare, it's Gora !” he exclaimed. “Whatever are you doing here?” Gora explained that he wanted an application to be made to the Court for bailing out the Ghosepara prisoners. “Who will stand surety ?” asked Satkori. “I will, of course." “Are you able to go bail for 47 people ? ” “If the mukhtears will stand surety I am ready to pay the usual fees." “ It will cost quite a lot.” In the Magistrate's Court, the next day, the application for bail was duly made. No sooner did the Magistrate catch sight of yesterday's tall figure, with dusty clothes and turban, than he curtly refused the application. So amongst the others, boys of fourteen and old men of eighty were left to wear out their hearts in confinement. Gora requested Satkori to fight their case, but said the
latter : “Where are you going to get witnesses ? All those who were on the spot are now in gaol ! Besides that the whole neighbourhood has been terrorised by the investigations which followed upon the injury to the sahib. The Magistrate has begun to suspect a conspiracy of educated seditionists. If I push myself forward too much he may even suspect me! The Anglo-Indian newspapers are continually complaining that Englishmen's lives in the moffusil will become unsafe if the natives are allowed to become too uppish. Meanwhile it is becoming well-nigh impossible for the natives to live in their own country! I know that the oppression is terrible, but there's no means of resisting it.” “No means !” cried out Gora. “Why can't we ?” “I see you've not changed one bit since your school days !” laughed Satkori. “We can't do anything simply because we have wife and children to support—they'll starve unless we can make something for them every day. How many people are there ready to risk death for their families by taking other people's perils on their own shoulders, especially in our country, where the families are by no means small ? Those who are responsible for the welfare of more than a dozen people already cannot afford to look after another dozen or so, in addition!” “ Then will you do nothing for these poor people ?” pressed Gora. “Could you not make an application to the High Court, or— " “ You don't seem to realise the situation ! ” interrupted Satkori impatiently. “It is an Englishman who has been hurt! Every Englishman is of the King's race,-an injury to the least of White-men amounts to a petty rebellion against the British Raj! I'm not going to fall foul of the Magistrate by tilting against this system, without the least chance of any result.” Next day Gora decided to start for Calcutta by the 10.30 train to see whether he could get any help from some Calcutta lawyer. He was on his way to the station when he met with a check. A cricket match had been arranged between a Calcutta team of students and the local team for the last day of the Fair, and the visiting team was practising, when one of the players got badly hit by the ball on his leg. There was a large tank by the side of the field and two students had just taken the injured player to the bank, and were binding the boy's leg with a piece of cloth dipped in the water, when suddenly a
police constable turned up from somewhere and began hitting the students right and left, using unspeakably abusive language. The Calcutta students did not know that this was a reserved tank and that it was forbidden to use it, and even if they had known, they were not used to being insulted without cause by the police. They were muscular youths, so they set about avenging the insult as it deserved. Hearing the row, more constables came running up and at the same moment Gora also appeared on the scene. Gora knew the students well, for he had often taken them to play cricket matches, and when he saw the boys being bullied, he could not help coming to their rescue.“ Have a care," he shouted to the police. “Keep your hands off the boys !” Whereupon the constables turned upon him with their filthy abuse, and soon there was a regular fight on. A crowd began to gather, and in less than no time scores of students had flocked to the place. Encouraged by Gora's support and leadership they soon made a successful attack on the police and scattered their forces. To the spectators the affair was great fun, but it is needless to say that for Gora it proved to be no joke. At about three or four o'clock Binoy, Haran and the girls were rehearsing the play in the Bungalow when two students, who were known to Binoy, came and informed him that Gora and some of the boys had been arrested and were now in the police cell awaiting their trial, which was to take place before the Magistrate next day. Gora in the lock-up! The news startled them all, except Haran. Binoy rushed off immediately to his old school-fellow, Satkori Haldar, and took him along to the Police Station. Satkori suggested trying for bail, but Gora resolutely refused either to employ a pleader or to accept any surety. “What!” cried Satkori as he looked at Binoy. “Who would think Gora had come out of school! He doesn't seem to have acquired any more common sense than he used to have then.' “I don't want to get free merely because I happen to have friends or money,” said Gora. “According to our scriptures the urgency of doing justice appertains to the King. On him recoils the crime of injustice. But if, under this Government, people have to buy their way out of gaol, spending their all to get their bare rights, then I for one will not spend a single pice for the sake of such justice.”
“ Under Mohammedan rule you had to pawn your head to pay the bribes,” said Satkori. " That was a defect of the dispensers of justice, not of the King. Even now, bad judges may take bribes. But, under the present system, it is sheer ruination for the unfortunate man, whether plaintiff or defendant, innocent or guilty, who has to present himself at the King's door for judgement. Over and above that, when the Crown is plaintiff, and people like myself defendants, then all the attorneys and advocates are ranged on the King's side and none left for me, except my fate. If a just cause be sufficient, why have a Government pleader for the Crown? If, on the other hand, the pleading of advo- cates be a necessary part of the system, why should not the opposite side be provided with one also ? Is this a policy of Government, or of waging war against the subject?” “Why get so warm, old fellow?” laughed Satkori. “Civilisa- tion is not a cheap commodity. If you are called upon for subtle judgements, you have to make subtle laws, and if there are subtle laws then you must make a trade of law, in which buying and selling is bound to come in. Therefore civilised courts naturally become markets for the buying and selling of justice, and those who have no money stand every chance of getting swindled. What would you have done if you had been King, let me ask you?” “If I had made such extra subtle laws,” replied Gora, “that even the intelligence of highly paid judges could not fathom their mystery, then at all events I would have pro- vided expert advocates for both sides at Government expense. And, in any case, I would not have plumed myself on being superior to Moghul or Pathan rulers, while I kept saddling my poor subjects with all the cost of obtaining fair judgements.” “Ah, I see !” said Satkori. “However, since that blessed day has not come, and you are not the King, but only a prisoner at the bar of a civilised Emperor, you must either spend money or get the help of some lawyer friend gratis. The only alter- native will not result in a happy ending.” “Let that ending be mine, which will happen without any effort on my part,” said Gora emphatically. “I want my fate to be the same as the fate of those who are without means in this empire.” Binoy begged him to be more reasonable, but Gora would not listen, and asked Binoy: “How do you happen to be here?” Binoy flushed slightly. If Gora had not been in prison he
would probably have told the reason of his visit with a certain amount of defiance in his tone, but in the circumstances he was unable to come out with a direct answer, so he merely said : “ I'll talk about myself later—now it is your— " “ To-day I am a guest of the King," interrupted Gora. “ The King himself is looking after me; none of you need worry about it.” Binoy knew that it would not be possible to shake Gora's resolve, so he gave up the idea of engaging a pleader for the defence. He said, however : “I know you won't be able to eat prison diet, so I'll arrange to have your meals sent from outside." “ Binoy,” said Gora impatiently, “why do you waste your energy? I don't want anything from outside. I don't want anything better than what is the common lot of every one in gaol.” Binoy returned in great agitation to the Bungalow, where Sucharita was on the look out for him at the open window of her bedroom. She had shut herself in, being unable to bear company or conversation. When she saw Binoy coming towards the Bungalow with an anxious and harassed look on his face, her heart beat fast in apprehension, but she controlled her feelings with a great effort and, taking up a book, came out of her room. Lolita was in a corner of the sitting-room, occupied with her sewing, which she usually loathed, while Labonya was playing word- making and word-taking with Sudhir, with Lila as onlooker. Haran was discussing with Mistress Baroda the arrangements for the coming entertainment. Sucharita listened spell-bound to Binoy's account of Gora's encounter with the police that morning, while the blood mounted to Lolita's face and her sewing slipped off her lap on to the floor. “Don't you be anxious, Binoy Babu,” said Mistress Baroda. “I will myself speak to the Magistrate's wife about Gourmohan Babu this evening.” “ Please don't do any such thing," begged Binoy. “ If Gora should hear of it he would never forgive me to the end of his life.” “Some steps must be taken for defending him, surely,” remarked Sudhir. Binoy then went on to tell them everything about their attempts to get Gora released on bail, and how Gora had objected to having the services of a pleader.
“ What silly affectation!” sneered Haran, unable to re- strain his impatience at the story. Up to this time, whatever her real feelings towards Haran may have been, Lolita had shown him outward respect, and had never argued with him, but now she shook her head vehemently as she cried : “ It is not affectation at all—what Gour Babu has done is quite right. Is the Magistrate here to bully us, that we should have to be defending ourselves ? Have we to pay them fat salaries and then pay pleaders as well to rescue us from their clutches ? Rather than have this kind of justice, it is truly much better to be in gaol.” Haran stared at Lolita in surprise. He had seen her as a child, and never suspected that she had developed opinions of her own. He gravely rebuked her for her unseemly out- burst, saying: “ What do you understand about such matters ? Your head seems to have been turned by the irresponsible ravings of raw college youths, who have learnt a few books by rote, but have no ideas or culture of their own !” He then proceeded to give a description of Gora's meeting with the Magistrate the previous evening, and also gave out what the Magistrate had said about it to him afterwards. The affair of Ghosepara was news to Binoy, and it only alarmed him still more, for he now realised that the Magistrate would not let Gora off easily. Haran Babu's motive in telling the story missed its object altogether. Sucharita was deeply wounded at the meanness which had allowed Haran to keep silent about the interview all this time, and every one of them began to despise Haran for his petty spite against Gora, which was now disclosed. Sucharita kept silent throughout; for a moment it had seemed as if she also would break out with some protest, but she controlled herself and picking up her book turned its pages with trembling hands. Lolita said defiantly: “I don't care if Haran Babu sides with the Magistrate. To me the whole affair only shows Gour Babu's true nobility of mind !”.
As the Lieutenant-Governor was to arrive that day, the Magistrate came to Court punctually at half-past ten, hoping to finish the work of dispensing justice early.
Satkori Babu, who was defending the students, tried to use that opportunity to assist his friend. From the look of things, taken all round, he had come to the conclusion that much the best course was to plead guilty, which he did, putting in a plea for leniency on the ground of the youth and inexperience of his clients. The Magistrate sentenced the boys to whippings of 5 to 25 stripes according to their age and the extent of their offence. Gora had no pleader acting for him, and in his own defence he tried to show how unwarrantable the violence of the police had been, but the Magistrate cut him short with a sharp rebuke, and sentenced him to a month's rigorous imprisonment for interfering with the police in the discharge of their duties, telling him that he ought to be grateful for being let off so lightly. Sudhir and Binoy were present in Court, but the latter could not bear to look at Gora's face. He felt a sense of suffocation as he hurriedly left the Court-room. Sudhir urged him to return with him to the Government Bungalow, and take his bath and have something to eat. But Binoy paid no attention to his words, and crossing over the Court grounds he sat down beneath a tree, saying to Sudhir : “ You go back to the Bungalow, I will follow shortly.” How long Binoy sat thus after Sudhir had left, he knew not. But after the sun had passed the meridian, a carriage came and stopped immediately in front of him, and on looking up Binoy saw Sudhir and Sucharita descending from the carriage and coming towards him. He stood up hurriedly as they approached, and heard Sucharita saying to him in a voice charged with emotion : “Binoy Babu, won't you come ?” Binoy suddenly became conscious that they were becoming an object of curiosity to passers-by, so he immediately accom- panied them back to the carriage, but on the way back none of them could speak a word. When they returned to the Bungalow, Binoy saw at once that a serious quarrel had been in progress. Lolita had declared her determination not to go that evening to the Magistrate's house, and Mistress Baroda was in a terrible dilemma, while Haran was furious at this unreasonable revolt on the part of a chit like Lolita. Again and again he deplored the malady which had attacked these modern boys and girls, making them refuse all discipline. It was the result of being allowed to meet all sorts of people, and talk all kinds of nonsense with them !
When Binoy arrived Lolita said : “ Binoy Babu, I ask your forgiveness. I've done you a great wrong by not being able to understand the justice of the objections you used to make. It's because we know nothing of things outside our own narrow circle that we misunderstand things so completely! Panu Babu, here, says that this Magistrate's administration is a dispensation of providence for India. If that be so, all I can say is that our hearty desire to curse such administration is also a dispensation of providence.” Haran interjected angrily : “Lolita, you " But Lolita, turning her back on him, exclaimed : “ Be quiet please! I'm not speaking to you !— Binoy Babu, don't you allow yourself to be persuaded by anybody. There must not be any play to-night, not for anything !” “ Lolita !” cried Mistress Baroda, trying to cut short her remarks. “You're a nice girl to be sure! Aren't you going to let Binoy Babu take his bath or have anything to eat ? Don't you know it's already half-past one ? See how pale and tired he looks!” "I can't eat in this house,” said Binoy. “We are the Magistrate's guests here." Mistress Baroda first tried to smooth matters, humbly entreating Binoy to stay on, and then, seeing that her daughters were all silent, she broke out angrily : “What's come over you all ? Suchi, will you please explain to Binoy Babu that we have given our word, and people have been invited, so that we must get through the day somehow, otherwise what will they all think of us? I shall never be able to show my face before them again.” But Sucharita remained silent with eyes downcast. Binoy went off to the River Steamer Station near by, and found that a boat would start in about two hours' time for Calcutta, arriving there next day at about eight o'clock in the morning. Haran poured the vials of his wrath on both Binoy and Gora in his most abusive manner, whereupon Sucharita hastily departed and shut herself up in the next room. She was followed shortly after by Lolita, who found her lying on the bed, covering her face with her hands. Lolita, bolting the door from inside, went gently up to Sucharita and, sitting beside her, began to pass her fingers through her hair. After some time, when Sucharita had recovered her composure, Lolita quietly lifted her hands away from her face, and when she could thus see her freely
she whispered in her ears : “ Didi, let us leave this place and return to Calcutta. We can't possibly go to the Magistrate's place to-night.” For a long time Sucharita made no reply, but when Lolita had repeated her suggestion several times, she sat up on the bed and said : “ How can we do that, dear ? I never wanted to come at all, but since father has sent me, how can I leave till I have fulfilled his object ? ” “But father knows nothing of all that has happened now," argued Lolita. “If he knew he would never have asked us to stay." “How can we be so sure, dear ?” said Sucharita wearily. “But tell me, Didi,” said Lolita, “ will you really be able to go through your part? How can you ever go to that Magistrate's house? And then to stand on the stage, all dressed up, and recite poetry! I couldn't utter a single word even if I bit my tongue till the blood flowed!” “I know, dear,” said Sucharita. “But one has to endure even the torments of hell. There's no escape for us now. Do you think I shall ever in my life forget this day ?” Lolita became angry at Sucharita's submissiveness, and returning to her mother, said : “ Aren't you going, mother?” “ What's the matter with the girl ? ” exclaimed the mystified Baroda. “We'll have to be there at nine o'clock at night!” “I was talking about going to Calcutta,” said Lolita. “Just listen to her !” cried Baroda. “And Sudhir-dada,” said Lolita, turning to him, “ are you also going to stay on here?” Sudhir had been upset at Gora's sentence of imprisonment, but he was not strong-minded enough to resist the temptation to show off his talent before such a distinguished company of sahibs. He mumbled out something to the effect that he had his hesitations, but he would nevertheless have to go to the entertainment. “We are wasting time in all this to-do,” said Mistress Baroda. “Let us go and take a rest, or else we shall look so worn out to-night that we shan't be fit to be seen. No one must leave their beds till half-past five.” With which she packed them all off to their bedrooms. They all fell asleep except Sucharita, to whom sleep would not come, and Lolita, who remained sitting bolt upright on her bed. The steamer's siren was sounding repeatedly for the
passengers to come aboard, till at length it was time for her to cast off, when, just as the sailors were on the point of raising the gangway planks, Binoy, who was standing on the upper deck, saw a Bengali lady hastening towards the boat. Her dress and figure resembled Lolita's, but at first Binoy could hardly believe his eyes. When, however, she came nearer, there could no longer be any doubt. For a moment he thought that she had come to fetch him, but then he remembered that Lolita also had been against going to the Magistrate's house that night. Lolita just managed to catch the steamer, and as the sailors were engaged in casting off, Binoy came hurrying down in great alarm to meet her. “Let us go up on to the upper deck,” she said. “ But the steamer is starting,” exclaimed Binoy in dismay. “I know that,” replied Lolita, and without waiting for Binoy she went up the stairs. The steamer started with its siren hooting, and Binoy, having found a chair for Lolita on the upper deck, looked at her with silent question in his eyes. “I am going to Calcutta,” explained Lolita, “I found I couldn't possibly stay on." “ And what do the others say?" asked Binoy. “Up to now no one knows,” said Lolita. “I left a note and they will know when they read it.” Binoy was taken aback at this exhibition of self-will on Lolita's part, and he began hesitatingly : “But " Lolita stopped him with : “Now that the steamer has started what is the use of saying “ But'? I don't see why, because I happen to have been born a girl, I should have to put up with everything without protest. For us, also, there are such words as possible and impossible, right and wrong. It would have been easier for me to commit suicide than to have taken any part in that play of theirs." Binoy saw that what was done was done, and no good would now come of worrying as to whether it was good or bad. After some moments of silence Lolita went on: “I have been very unfair to your friend, Gourmohan Babu. I don't know why, but somehow, from the time I first saw him and heard him talk, my mind has been set against him. He always spoke with such vehemence, and you all seemed to say “Yes' to whatever he said, it used to make me angry. I never could bear to be forced into anything, whether by speech or action. But now I see Gourmohan Babu forces
things on himself as well as on other people—that's real power-I've not seen another man like him.” Thus Lolita talked on, not only because of her contrition for the way she had misjudged Gora, but because misgiving about what she had done just now would persist in raising its head in her inner consciousness; nor had she been able to realise how awkward it would be to have Binoy as her sole companion on board the steamer ; but knowing full well that the more shame you show the more shameful it all gets to be, she began to chatter away for all she was worth. Binoy, however, was at a loss for words. He was thinking on the one hand of the trouble and insult which had befallen Gora at the hands of the Magistrate, and on the other of his own disgrace in having come here to perform at the house of that same Magistrate. Over and above this there was this awkward situation with Lolita. These had combined to render him speechless. In the old days such foolhardiness on Lolita's part would have earned her his censure, but now he could not entertain any such feeling. In fact, mixed with his surprise at her escapade was a certain amount of admiration for her pluck, and there was further the joy at the thought that, out of the whole party, he and Lolita were the only ones who had shown any real feeling about the insult to which Gora had been subjected For this defiance of theirs Binoy alone of the two would not have to suffer any untoward consequences, but Lolita would have to taste its bitter fruit for many a long day to come. How strange that Binoy should always have considered this very Lolita to be against Gora. The more he pondered over it, the higher grew his admiration for her intolerance of wrong-doing, her courage of conviction, regardless of the dictates of mere prudence,-so much so that he knew not how to contain his feelings. He felt that Lolita had rightly looked down upon him as lacking in strength and courage of conviction. He would never have been able to thrust aside so boldly all considera- tions of praise and blame from his own people, in order to pursue what he himself considered the right course. How often had he failed to be his own true self for fear of displeasing Gora, or lest Gora should think him weak, and then had deceived himself by subtle argument into the belief that Gora's view was his own ! He realised how superior Lolita had proved herself to him
in the independence of her intellect, and honoured her accord- ingly. He badly wanted to ask Lolita's pardon for the way he had so often misjudged and inwardly blamed her in the past,—but could think of no way of putting his feelings into words. The vision of womanhood which he had gained to-day in the light of the glory which Lolita's beautifully courageous act had cast round her, made him feel that his very life was indeed fulfilled.
As soon as they arrived in Calcutta, Binoy took Lolita to Paresh Babu's house. Before they had thus been together on the steamer, Binoy did not know what his exact feelings towards Lolita were. His mind had been fully occupied with his disputes with her, and his chief object had been, almost every day he met her, how to patch up a peace with this untameable girl. Sucharita had risen on the horizon of Binoy's life like the evening star, radiant with the pure sweetness of womanhood, and he had realised how his nature had expanded into completeness with the joy of this wonderful manifestation. But other stars had also arisen, and he could not clearly recollect when it had come to pass, that the first star, which had heralded for him the world's festival of light, had again vanished below the horizon. From the moment the rebel Lolita had stepped on to the steamer, Binoy had said to himself : “Lolita and I now stand alone, side by side, against the rest of Society,” and he could not put out of his mind the fact that in her trouble Lolita had left every one else to come and join him. No matter what her reason or purpose might be, it was plain that Binoy was no longer merely one amongst others to Lolita, he was alone beside her, in fact the only one. All her own people were far away while he was near, and this sense of nearness thrilled in his heart like a tremor of an impending flash in clouds laden with lightning When Lolita had retired to her cabin for the night, Binoy felt unable to sleep. So taking off his shoes he began to pace noiselessly up and down the deck. There was no special reason for guarding Lolita during the journey, but Binoy could not bring himself to forgo any of the delights of the novel and .
unexpected responsibility which had been thrown on him, and so took on himself this needless vigil. There was ineffable depth in the darkness of the night. The cloudless sky was filled with stars. The trees lining the bank were massed together like a solid black plinth supporting the sky overhead. Below flowed the swift silent current of the broad river. And in the midst of it all lay the sleeping Lolita. Just this much had happened,—that Lolita had trustfully placed in his hands this slumber of hers in all its peaceful beauty,—and nothing more; which charge Binoy had ac- cepted as the most precious of all gifts, and was keeping watch accordingly. Neither father, nor mother, nor any relative was near, and yet Lolita was able to entrust her beautiful body to this strange bed, allowing herself to sleep without care or fear; the regular heaving of her breast keeping time to the rhythm of the poem of her slumber; not a stray lock of her skilfully bound tresses out of place; both her hands, so soft in their expression of womanly tenderness, resting on the counterpane with all the languor of complete confidence ; her restless tripping feet in repose at last, like the ended cadence of the music of a festival just over, —this was the picture that filled Binoy's imagination. Like a pearl in its shell, Lolita lay wrapped in the silent darkness, enveloped by the starry heavens, and to Binoy this repose, in its rounded-off perfection, seemed the only thing that mattered in all the world that night. “I am awake! I am awake!” were the words which rose, like a triumphant trumpet- blast, from the depths of Binoy's awakening manhood, and mingled with the silent message of the ever-awake Bridegroom, who watches over the universe. But there was also another thought which kept recurring to him through the darkness of this moonless night : “ To-night Gora is in gaol !” Up to now Binoy had shared all his friend's joys and sorrows,—this was the first time it had hap- pened otherwise. He knew quite well that, to a man like Gora, gaol meant no real hardship, but from first to last, throughout this important episode in Gora's life, Binoy had been away from his friend, and had had no hand in the affair. When the separated currents of their two lives would be coming together once more, would the void created by this separation ever be filled again ? Did it not mean the end of their rare and unbroken friendship ? So, as the night wore on, Binoy felt, at one and the same time, both fulfilment and emptiness, and stood overcome, at
XXX the meeting-place of creation and destruction, gazing out into the darkness. When the cab had drawn up at Paresh Babu's door, and Lolita descended, Binoy saw that she was trembling and that it was costing her a great effort to pull herself together. The fact was, she had up to now been wholly unable to estimate the enormity of her offence against society in having ventured on this risky proceeding. She knew quite well that her father would never reproach her in words, but for that very reason she feared his silence more than anything else. Binoy was puzzled to decide what was the right thing to do under the circumstances. In order to test whether she would feel still worse if he remained with her, he said halt- ingly : “I suppose I had better be going.” “No, no, come along and see father,” replied Lolita hurriedly. Binoy was inwardly delighted at the eagerness in her words. His duty, then, was not finished with merely bringing her home. Owing to this accident his life had become bound to Lolita's by a special tie. He felt he must now stand by her with even greater firmness. The thought that Lolita imagined she could depend upon him touched him deeply, and he felt as if she had grasped his hand for support. If Paresh Babu became angry with Lolita for her rash and unconventional conduct, then, he felt, he must take the responsibility on himself, accepting all the blame, and like protecting armour save her from censure. But Binoy did not quite understand what was passing in Lolita's mind. It was not that she wanted Binoy to act as a protecting barrier, the real reason was that she never liked concealment and now wanted Paresh Babu to know exactly what she had done in the fullest detail. She wanted to bear the full brunt of her father's judgement, whatever it might be. From early morning she had been feeling angry with Binoy. That this was unreasonable she knew, but curiously, this know- ledge increased rather than diminished her annoyance. Her state of mind, on board the steamer, had been different. From her childhood she had been subject to fits of temper, which led her into doing silly things. But the present escapade was a really serious one. That Binoy should have got mixed up in the affair made it all the more awkward, but then again, she also felt a certain secret exultation, as at some forbidden indulgence. This taking shelter with a comparative stranger, this coming so close to him without any screen of family or society between
them, was no doubt a critical situation to be gravely exercised about, but Binoy's natural delicacy of behaviour had cast such a protecting veil of purity over it, that she felt free to delight in his innate modesty which was thus revealed to her. This hardly seemed to be the same Binoy who had joined in all their fun and amusements, who had talked and joked so freely with them, and even been so familiar with the very servants. He could so easily have thrust himself on her now, on the pre- text of taking care of her,-he came all the nearer to her heart because he had so carefully kept at a distance. In her cabin, that night, all these thoughts kept her wakeful, and after tossing restlessly about in her bed through the long hours, at length it seemed to her that the night had passed and dawn was breaking. She softly opened her cabin door and peeped out. The night was near its end, but its dew-laden darkness still clung to the river-bank and to the rows of trees which lined it. A cool breeze had sprung up and was rippling the surface of the water, and from the engine-room below came sounds of the resumption of the next day's work. Lolita, coming out of her cabin, became aware, as she stepped towards the front deck, that Binoy was lying asleep on a deck- chair, wrapped in his shawl. Her heart beat quickly as she realised that he must have been keeping watch over her all night,—so near, and yet so far! Immediately she slipped back to her cabin with tremulous footsteps and, standing at the door, gazed on Binoy sleeping amidst the darkness of those unfamiliar river scenes,—his figure, for her, becoming the centre of the galaxy of stars which watched over the world. As she looked on, her heart filled with an indescribable sweetness and her eyes brimmed over with tears. It seemed as though the God, whom her father had taught her to worship, had come to-day and blessed her with outstretched hand; and, at the sacred moment when, on the slumbering bank of the river, cosy under the foilage of its dense woods, the first secret union of the coming light with the departing darkness took place, the poignant music of some divine vina seemed to ring through this vast star-spangled chamber of the universe. At a sudden sleepy movement of Binoy's hand Lolita slipped back into her cabin, and shutting the door lay down on her bed again. Her hands and feet were cold, and for a long time she was unable to control the beating of her heart. - The darkness gradually melted away, and the steamer began to move. Lolita, after performing her toilet, came out and stood by the railing of the deck. Binoy also had wakened on
XXX hearing the warning whistle of the steamer, and with his eyes towards the east was awaiting the first blush of the coming dawn. When he saw Lolita come out on deck he rose, and was preparing to retire into his cabin, when Lolita greeted him, and said: “I'm afraid you did not get much sleep last night." “Oh, I didn't have a bad night,” replied Binoy. After this they had nothing more to say to each other. The dew on the bamboo clumps on the river-bank began to glisten golden in the first rays of sunrise. Never before had these two witnessed such a dawn. Never before had the light touched them in such a way. For the first time they realised that the sky is not empty, but gazes, filled with a silent joy of wonder, at each fresh unfolding of creation. The consciousness of each of them was so stimulated that it also became alive to its own close touch with the grand consciousness under- lying the universe. And so it was that neither of them could utter a word. The steamer reached Calcutta. Binoy hired a cab and, placing Lolita inside, took his seat beside the driver. Who can say why it was that, while driving through the streets of Calcutta, the wind for Lolita had veered round and become contrary ? That in this difficult situation Binoy should have been with her on the steamer, and had become en- tangled with her affairs so intimately; that he should now be taking her along home, as if he were her guardian ; this was what weighed heavily on her mind. It seemed unbearable to her that, by force of circumstances, Binoy should seem to have acquired the rights of authority over her. Why had it turned out so? Why did the music of the previous night stop on such a harsh note as soon as she was confronted with her work-a- day life? Therefore, when Binoy had said, as they arrived at the door of her home : "Now I must be going,” she felt her irritation increasing. Did he believe she was afraid to go into her father's presence with him ? She wanted to show in the clearest manner that she was not in the least ashamed of herself, and was quite ready to tell her father everything. So she could not have Binoy slinking away from the door, as if she were indeed a culprit. She wished to make her relationship with Binoy as clear as it had been before ; she did not want to belittle herself in his eyes by allowing any of last night's illusions and hesita- tions to persist in the broad light of day.
CHAPTER XXXI The moment Satish caught sight of Binoy and Lolita, he rushed up between them and, holding a hand of each, said : “Where's Sucharita ? Hasn't she come ?” Binoy felt in his pocket, and looked all about him. “ Sucha- rita ! ” he cried. “Yes, that's so, where can she be? By Jove, she's lost !” “Don't be silly," cried Satish, giving Binoy a push. “Do tell me, Lolita Didi, where is she?" “Sucharita will come to-morrow," answered Lolita, and with that she proceeded towards Paresh Babu's room. Satish tried to pull them along, saying: “Come and see who has come.” But Lolita snatched her hand away and said : “Don't worry us now. I want to see father.” “ Father has gone out,” Satish informed her, “and won't be back for a long time.” At this both Binoy and Lolita felt that they had gained some breathing space. “Who has come, did you say?" asked Lolita. “I won't tell you ! ” said Satish.-“ You try, Binoy Babu, see if you can guess who has come. You'll never be able to, I'm sure ! Never!” Binoy suggested all sorts of impossible names, such as Nawab Surajuddaula, King Nabakrishna and even Nandakumar. Satish said “No” to each name in a shrill voice, giving con- clusive proof of the impossibility of such guests coming to their house. Binoy acknowledged his defeat humbly, saying : “That is so, I had forgotten that Nawab Surajuddaula would find a good many inconveniences in this house. However, first let your sister go and investigate the mystery, and then if necessary you can call me.” “No, you must both come together!” persisted Satish. “Which room must we go to?" asked Lolita. “ Top floor,” said Satish. Right at the top of the house was a little room in one corner of the terrace, with a tiled verandah on the south as a pro- tection against sun and rain. Obediently following Satish they went upstairs and saw, seated on a small mat under the tiled verandah, a middle-aged woman with spectacles, reading the Ramayana. One side-spring of her glasses was broken and the string which took its place was hanging over her ear. Her age
seemed about forty-five. Her hair was getting rather thin in front, but her complexion was fresh, and her face still plump like a ripe fruit. Between her eyebrows was a permanent caste mark, but she wore no ornaments and her dress was that of a widow. As her glance fell on Lolita, she quickly took off her spec- tacles, put down her book, and gazed at her with a certain amount of eagerness. Then when she saw Binoy behind, she rose hastily and, drawing her sari over the back of her head, made as if she would retire into the room. But Satish seized hold of her and said : “Auntie, why are you running away? This is my sister Lolita, and that is Binoy Babu. My elder sister will come to-morrow.” This brief introduction seemed sufficient, and there was no doubt that Satish had given a full and particular account of his friend beforehand, for whenever Satish got the opportunity to speak on such subjects as were of interest to him, he never kept anything back. Lolita stood speechless, at a loss to make out who this “ Auntie ” of Satish's might be. But finding that Binoy promptly made his salutation by bending to take the dust of her feet, she followed suit. Auntie now brought a large mat from the room and, spread- ing it out, said : “ Sit down, my son ; sit down, little mother.” And when Binoy and Lolita were seated she took her own seat; whereupon Satish snuggled up to her. With her arm round Satish, she said to the newcomers : “ You probably do not know me. I am Satish's aunt-Satish's mother was my sister." It was not so much the few words of this introduction, but something in her face and tone of voice, which seemed to hint of a tear-purified life of sorrow. When she said "I am Satish's aunt,” pressing little Satish to her bosom, Binoy, without knowing anything further of her history, felt a deep sense of compassion. He said : “ It won't do for you to be only Satish's auntie. I shall have my quarrel with him if he monopolises you like that! It's bad enough that he should insist on calling me Binoy Babu, and not Dada, -on top of that I will not stand his doing me out of an aunt !" It never took long for Binoy to win over people, and this pleasant-spoken, bright-looking young man was in less than no time joint proprietor of Auntie's heart. “And where is my sister, your mother, my son ? ” she inquired. “I lost my own mother long years ago,” said Binoy, “but I can't bring myself to say that I have no mother,” and his
eyes became moist at the thought of what Anandamoyi meant to him. They were soon talking away together so briskly that no one could have guessed they had only just met. Satish now and then joined in with his irrelevant chatter, but Lolita remained silent. Lolita had always been reserved, and it took her long to overcome the barrier of unfamiliarity with a new acquaintance. Moreover, her mind was not at ease. So she did not quite like the readiness with which Binoy had taken to this unknown person. She blamed him in her mind for being too light-hearted and not taking seriously enough the extremely difficult position into which she had been plunged. Not that Binoy would have fared any better in her good graces by sitting silent with a glum face. Had he dared do so, Lolita would certainly have resented such assumption of responsibility on his part for a burden which rested between her and her father alone. The real fact was that what had seemed music overnight now only jangled on her nerves, and in consequence nothing that Binoy could do seemed to her right, or to mend matters. God alone knew what could have served to get rid of the root of the trouble! Why blame as unreasonable these women, whose very life is emotion, for the curious courses into which their hearts lead them? If the foundation of love be right, the leadership of the heart becomes so simple and sweet that reason has to hide its head in shame, but if there be any defect in this foundation, then the intellect is powerless to correct it, and it becomes futile to ask for any explanation, whether it be of attraction or repulsion, laughter or tears. It was getting later and later, and yet Paresh Babu had not returned. The impulse to get up and go home became stronger and stronger, and Binoy tried to control it by not allowing the conversation with Satish's aunt to flag for a moment. At last Lolita could restrain her vexation no longer, and she suddenly interrupted Binoy by saying: “ For whom are you waiting? There's no saying how long father will be. Shouldn't you rather be going to Gourmohan Babu's mother ?” Binoy winced,--this vexed tone of Lolita's was only too well known to him! He cast one glance at her face and then leapt to his feet with the suddenness of a bow when its string has snapped. For whom had he been waiting indeed ? He had never plumed himself on his presence being indispensable here at this juncture,-in fact at the door he had been about to take his departure, and had only stayed on at Lolita's
express desire ; and now to be asked this question by her! Lolita was startled at the suddenness with which Binoy rose from his seat. She could see that the usual smile on his face had vanished as completely as the light of a lamp which has been blown out. She had never before seen him so crestfallen, so wounded, and as she looked on him her remorse stung her like a whip-lash. Satish jumped up and, hanging on to Binoy's arm, begged and pleaded : “ Binoy Babu, do sit down, don't go yet.- Auntie, please ask Binoy Babu to stay to breakfast.-Lolita, why did you tell Binoy Babu to go ?” “No, Satish, my boy, not to-day !” said Binoy. “If Auntie will be kind enough to remember me, I'll come and have something with you another day. It's too late to-day.” Even Satish's aunt noticed the pain in his voice, and her heart went out to him. She glanced timidly from Binoy to Lolita, and could divine that some drama of fate was being played behind the scenes. Lolita made some excuse and retired to her room, to weep, as she had made herself weep so many times before.
CHAPTER XXXII Binoy went off at once to Anandamoyi's house, tortured with mixed feelings of humiliation and self-reproach. Why had he not come straight to mother? What a fool he had been to imagine that Lolita had any special need of him! God had punished him rightly for not having left every other duty to run to Anandamoyi, the moment he arrived in Calcutta, -30 that the question had to come from Lolita's lips : “Shouldn't you go to see Gora's mother ?” Was it possible for a single moment that the thought of Gora's mother should be more important to Lolita than to Binoy ? Lolita knew her only as Gour Babu's mother, but to Binoy she was the image of all the mothers in the world! Anandamoyi had just finished her bath and was sitting alone in her room, seemingly wrapt in meditation, when Binoy came in and prostrated himself at her feet with the cry : “ Mother!” “ Binoy !” she said, caressing his bowed head with her hands.
Whose voice is like that of a mother's ? The very sound of his name uttered by Anandamoyi seemed to soothe his whole being. Controlling his emotion with an effort, he said softly : “ Mother, I've been too long in coming!” “I've heard everything, Binoy,” said Anandamoyi gently. “You've already heard the news !” exclaimed the startled Binoy. It appeared that Gora had written a letter from the police station and had sent it through the lawyer, in which he had told her of the probability of his having to go to gaol. At the end of this letter he wrote: “Prison can do no harm to your Gora, but he won't be able to bear it if it gives you the least pain. Your sorrow can be his only punishment,—the Magistrate can give no other, But, mother, don't be thinking only of your child. There are many other mother's sons lying in gaol,-through no fault of theirs,—I would stand on the same ground with them and share their hardships. If this wish of mine is fated to be fulfilled this time, pray do not let that distress you. “You may not remember it, mother, but in the year of the famine I once left my purse on the table, in the room looking out on to the street. When I came back after a few minutes I saw that the purse had been stolen. In it were the fifty rupees of my scholarship, which I was saving up for a silver basin for bathing your feet. While I was burning with useless anger against the thief, God suddenly brought me to my senses, and I said to myself : ‘But that money is my gift to the famine-stricken man who took it.' No sooner had I said this than that fruitless regret vanished, leaving my mind in peace. So to-day I say to myself : ‘I am going to gaol voluntarily, of my own accord, without regrets, or anger, simply to take its shelter.' There is a certain amount of inconvenience in its food and other arrangements, but during my recent tramp I accepted hospitality of all sorts and conditions of people and did not always get my accustomed comforts, or even necessities, in their houses. What we accept of our own free will ceases to be a hardship, so you may rest assured that it is not a question of any one forcibly keeping me in gaol, I go there, willing and content. “ While in the enjoyment of our comforts at home, we are quite unable to appreciate what an immense privilege it is to have the freedom of the outside air and light-we are all the time forgetful of the multitudes who, with or without fault of their own, are subjected to confinement and insult and
deprived of this God-given privilege. We give no thought to these multitudes, nor feel any kinship with them. I now want to be branded with the same stigma as they, not to keep myself clear by hanging on to the goody-goody majority who are dressed up to look respectable. “I have learnt much of life, mother, after this experience of the world. Those who are content to pose as judges are, most of them, to be pitied. Those who are in prison are bearing the punishment for the sins of those who judge others, but not themselves. The faults of many go to the making of a crime, but only these unfortunates have to bear the brunt of it. When, or how, or where, the sin of those who are living comfortable and respectable lives outside the prison walls will be expiated, we do not know. But for myself, I cry shame on that smug respectability of theirs, and prefer to carry on my breast the brand of man's infamy. Give me your blessing, mother, and do not weep for me. Sree Krishna all his days bore on his breast the mark of Bhrigu's kick, and so do the assaults of arrogance make deeper and deeper their impress on the breast of God. If He has accepted this mark as His ornament, then why be anxious for me, what cause have you for sorrow on my account?” On receiving this letter Anandamoyi had tried to send Mohim to Gora, but Mohim said: “There's my office. The sahib will never give me leave”; and he proceeded to fly out against Gora for his rashness and folly. “I'll be losing my job one of these days simply because of our relationship,” he concluded. Anandamoyi did not think it necessary to approach Krish- nadayal at all, for on the subject of Gora she was abnormally sensitive so far as her husband was concerned. She knew quite well that he had never given to Gora the place of a son in his heart, rather he felt a sort of hostility against him. Gora had always stood between them as the Vindhya mountain range, dividing their married life. On the one side was Krish- nadayal with all his paraphernalia of strict orthodoxy, and on the other Anandamoyi alone with her untouchable Gora. It seemed as though all intercourse was closed between these two who alone in the whole world knew Gora's history. Thus Anandamoyi's affection for Gora had become wholly her own treasure. She tried in every way to make his life in that family, where he was merely on sufferance, as easy as possible. Her incessant anxiety was to prevent any one from being able to say: this has happened because of your Gora,
or we have had to submit to this calumny owing to your Gora, or we have suffered this loss through your Gora ! The whole burden of Gora, she felt, rested on herself alone. And as luck would have it, the refractoriness of this Gora of hers was far from ordinary! It was no easy task to keep his presence anywhere from violently obtruding itself. She had so far succeeded in bringing up this crazy Gora of hers, in the midst of these antagonistic surroundings, with the exercise of constant vigilance by day and by night. In the midst of this hostile family she had submitted to much revilement and had endured much sorrow, without being able to ask any one else to share it. Deserted by Mohim, Anandamoyi remained sitting in silence before the window, and watched Krishnadayal return from his morning bath with the sacred Ganges clay smeared on his brow, his breast and his arms, muttering sacred mantras. While so purified, no one, not even Anandamoyi, was allowed to come near him. Prohibition, prohibition, nothing but prohibition ! With a sigh she left the window and went into Mohim's room, where she found him sitting on the floor, reading the newspaper and having his chest rubbed with oil by his servant, preparatory to his morning bath. Anandamoyi said to him : “Mohim, you must find some one to go with me, I want to see Gora. He seems to have made up his mind to go to gaol, but I suppose they'll allow me to see him before he's sentenced ?” For all Mohim's outward brusqueness, he had a real affec- tion for Gora. “ Confound the fellow !” he shouted. “Let the scamp go to gaol—it's a wonder he didn't get there long ago !” But all the same he lost no time in calling his con- fidential man, Ghosal, and sending him off at once with some money for legal expenses ; also making up his mind that if his office master gave him leave, and the mistress of his house her consent, he himself would follow. Anandamoyi knew that Mohim would never be able to see Gora in trouble without bestirring himself about it, and when she found he was ready to do the little that could be done, she had no more to say to him. For she also knew that it would be impossible to get any member of this orthodox household to take her, the lady of the house, to the lock-up where Gora was, to face the curious glances and inquisitive remarks of the crowd. So she forbore to press her request, and returned to her own room with compressed lips and the
shadow of suppressed pain in her eyes. When Lachmiya broke out into loud wailing she rebuked her and sent her out of the room. It had always been her habit to adjust all her anxieties silently within herself. Joy and sorrow alike found her tranquil. The travail of her heart was known only to her God. What consolation he could offer to Anandamoyi was more than Binoy could make out and after the first few words he had remained silent. In fact her nature did not depend on any words of comfort from others; rather she shrank from any discussion of troubles for which there was no remedy. So Anandamoyi also did not refer further to the matter but simply said: “ Binu, I see you haven't had your bath yet. Go and make yourself ready soon, it's getting late for your breakfast." When he had taken his bath and sat down to his breakfast, the empty place beside Binoy made her heart ache for Gora ; and when she thought of the other being served with coarse gaol food, unsweetened by a mother's care, even made doubly bitter by insulting gaol regulations, Anandamoyi could no longer bear it, and, making some excuse, she had to leave the room,
CHAPTER XXXIII On arriving home and finding Lolita there so unexpectedly, Paresh Babu guessed that this self-willed girl of his had got involved in more than ordinary trouble. In answer to his look of inquiry she said : “Father, I've come away from there. I found it impossible to stay on.” In answer to his question as to what had happened, Lolita added : “ The Magistrate has put Gour Babu into gaol.” How Gora came to be mixed up in the matter, Paresh Babu was at first puzzled to make out, but after he had heard from Lolita a full account of all that had occurred, he for a while was lost in silent thought. His first anxiety was for Gora's mother. It was just as easy, he pondered, for the Magistrate to sentence Gora as to sentence a common thief, because such callousness was the outcome of the easy disregard for justice to which he had become habituated. How much more terrible was man's tyranny over man than all the other cruelties in the world, and how vast and intolerable it had become with the combined power of Society and the Government behind
it! The whole thing came vividly before his mind as he listened to the story of Gora's imprisonment. Seeing Paresh Babu silent and thoughtful, Lolita asked him eagerly : “Isn't this injustice terrible, father?” He replied in his usual unruffled manner : “We don't know exactly how far Gora went, but this much at least we can say, that even if Gora was carried away, by his convictions, beyond his legal rights, there can be no doubt that he is quite in- capable of committing what in English is called a crime. But what is to be done, my child ? The sense of justice of our times has not attained to fulness of wisdom. The same penalty awaits the trivial fault as the crime, both have to tread the same mill in the same gaol. No one man can be blamed for this—the combined sin of all men is responsible.” Suddenly changing the subject, Paresh Babu asked : “With whom did you come ?” Lolita drew herself up as she replied with rather more than usual emphasis : “ With Binoy Babu.” But, for all her emphasis, there was behind it a sense of weakness. She was unable to make the statement with unabashed simplicity, the flush of shame insisted on rising to her face, to add to her confusion. Paresh Babu had for this capricious and unruly daughter of his even more affection than for the rest of his children, and his regard for her fearless truthfulness was all the greater because it so often got her into trouble with the rest of the family. Lolita's faults were obvious enough, and he could see how they prevented this special quality of hers from being appreciated—he was therefore all the more careful to keep it under his fostering care, lest in the process of bringing her waywardness under control her inner nobility should also be crushed. The beauty of his other daughters was readily acknowledged by all who saw them, for their features were regular and their complexion fair. But Lolita was darker and her more com- plex face admitted of differences of opinion. For this reason Mistress Baroda had always expressed to her husband her anxiety about finding a suitable husband for her. But the beauty which Paresh Babu saw in her face was not that of complexion or features, but of the soul which there found its expression,-not just the pleasantness of a faultless shape, but the firmness of strength, the brightness of independence, - characteristics which attract a chosen few, but repel most others.
Feeling that Lolita would never be popular, but always be genuine, Paresh Babu had drawn her near to him almost with painful solicitude, and was the more lenient towards her errors because he knew that none else would forgive them. He had realised in a moment all that she would have to bear for days to come, as soon as Lolita had told him that she had come away alone with Binoy—that Society would award for this slight transgression of hers a punishment suited to much worse misconduct. As he was revolving the situation in his mind, Lolita con- tinued : “ Father, I know I've done wrong, but I've now come to understand one thing clearly—the relationship between the Magistrate and the people of our country is such that his patronising hospitality does us no honour. Ought I to have stayed on there, and put up with such patronage, after I had realised this ?” To Paresh Babu the question was not an easy one to answer, so without attempting any reply he gave his little madcap of a daughter a playful pat on the head. That afternoon Paresh Babu was walking up and down outside the house, thinking it all over, when Binoy came up and made his obeisance. Paresh Babu discussed with him Gora's imprisonment and all that it meant, at considerable length, but he never so much as referred to Binoy's coming away with Lolita on the steamer. And as it got dark he said : “Come, Binoy, let's go indoors.” But Binoy would not, saying: “I must be going home now.” Paresh Babu did not repeat his invitation, and Binoy, casting a rapid glance in the direction of the second floor verandah, walked slowly away. Lolita had seen Binoy from the verandah, and when her father came inside alone, she came down to his room thinking that Binoy would be following later. But as Binoy did not come, Lolita, after fidgeting a while with the books and papers on the table, was about to leave the room, when Paresh Babu called her back, and with an affectionate look at her downcast countenance said: “ Lolita, sing a hymn to me, will you ?" and with that he shifted the lamp, so as to throw the light off her face.
CHAPTER XXXIV The next day Mistress Baroda returned with the rest of her party. Haran felt so outraged at Lolita's conduct that, unable to contain himself, he came in at once to see Paresh Babu, without going to his own house first. Baroda swept past Lolita without a word, too indignant even to look at her, and went straight to her own room. Labonya and Lila were also greatly incensed with Lolita, because, on having to leave both her and Binoy out of the programme, it became so curtailed that they had experienced endless humiliation. As for Sucharita, she had shared neither Haran's angry fulminations, nor Baroda's tearful regrets, nor the sense of humiliation of Labonya and Lila, but had maintained an icy silence and gone about her appointed tasks like a machine. To-day, also, she entered the room last of all, moving like an automaton. Sudhir was so ashamed of the part he had played, that he shrank from coming in with them at allwhereupon Labonya, vexed at his unresponsiveness to her entreaties, vowed she would have nothing more to do with him ! “ This is too bad!” exclaimed Haran as he strode into Paresh Babu's room. Lolita, who overheard him from the next room, came in at once and, standing behind her father with both hands on the back of his chair, looked Haran straight in the face. “I have heard all about what happened from Lolita herself,” said Paresh Babu, “and do noi think there's any good in discussing it further.” Haran regarded the habitual calm of Paresh Babu only as a sign of his weakness of character, so he replied with a touch of superciliousness : “What has happened is over certainly, but the fault of character which caused it still persists, and so its discussion remains necessary. It would never have been possible for Lolita to do as she has done, but for the over- indulgence which you have always shown her. What harm you have thus done you will realise when you hear all the details of the shameful story!" Paresh Babu, feeling all the signs of a gathering storm at the back of his chair, drew Lolita round to his side and, taking her hand in his, said to Haran with a gentle smile : “ Panu
Babu, when your turn comes you will learn that to bring up a child there is need also of affection !” Lolita, bending over her father and putting one arm round his neck, whispered in his ear : “ Father, the water is getting cold, go and take your bath.” “I'll be going in a minute,” replied Paresh Babu meaningly, referring to Haran's presence, “it's not so late yet.” “Don't you worry, father,” Lolita gently insisted. “We'll look after Panu Babu while you are bathing.” When Paresh Babu had left the room, Lolita took possession of his chair and, ensconced firmly therein, fixed her gaze on Haran's face as she said to him : "You seem to think that you have the right to say what you please to everybody here ! ” Sucharita knew Lolita well, and in former days she would have taken alarm at the look on her face. But now she quietly took a seat near the window and calmly rested her eyes on the open pages of a book. It had always been Sucharita's nature and habit to keep herself under control, and the repeated wounds she had suffered during the past few days had only made her more silent than ever. But the strain of this silence had at length come near breaking-point, making ber welcome Lolita's challenge to Haran as a much- needed outlet for her own pent-up feelings. “I suppose you think," went on Lolita, “ that you under- stand father's duty to us better than he does himself! You would be Headmaster to the whole Brahmo Samaj !” Haran was thunderstruck at Lolita's daring to talk thus to him, and he was on the point of giving her a severe snubbing, but before he could speak Lolita continued : “ We have put up with your superior airs long enough, but let me tell you that if you want to lord it over father, not a soul in this house will stand it,- not even the servants !” “ Lolita,” gasped Haran, “really ". But Lolita would not let him proceed. “Listen to me, please,” she interrupted. “We've heard you talk often enough, hear me out for once. If you won't take it from me, ask sister Suchi : our father is much greater even than what you can imagine yourself to be,--that's what we want to tell you plainly. Now if you have any advice to offer, let's have it." Haran's face was black with rage. “Sucharita !” he called out as he rose from his chair. Sucharita looked up from her book. “Will you let Lolita insult me before your face?” “She has not tried to insult you,” said Sucharita slowly.
“What Lolita wants is, that you should show a proper respect for father. I assure you, we cannot even think any one to be more worthy of respect.” For a moment it looked as if Haran would leave the room, but he did not. He fell back into his chair with an intensely solemn air. The more he felt that he was gradually losing the respect of every one in this house, the more desperately he struggled to maintain his position in it, forgetting that to clutch tighter a weakening support only makes it give way the sooner. Finding Haran reduced to a gloomy and sullen silence Lolita went and sat next to Sucharita and began to converse with her as though nothing special had happened. Then Satish came running into the room and, seizing Sucharita by the hand, dragged her up saying: “Come along, Didi, do come!” “Where am I to go ? ” asked Sucharita. “Oh, do come along,” insisted Satish. “I have something to show you.—Lolita, you have not told her yet, have you?” “No,” said Lolita. She had promised not to divulge the secret of this new Auntie to Sucharita, and had kept her word. But, not being able to leave their guest, Sucharita said : “ All right, Mr. Chatterbox, I'll come a little later. Let father first finish his bath." Satish became restless. He never left a stone unturned when it was a question of getting away from Haran. But as he stood in great awe of him he dared not press the matter further in his presence. Haran, for his part, had never shown much interest in Satish, except when occasionally he tried to correct him. Satish lay in wait, however, and the moment Paresh Babu came from his bath he dragged both the sisters away after him. Haran said : “ About that proposal of my formal betrothal with Sucharita, I am anxious not to delay it any longer. Let it be fixed for next Sunday." “For myself,” replied Paresh Babu, “ I have no objection, but it is for Sucharita to decide.' “But you have already obtained her consent,” pressed Haran. “Let it be as you wish, then,” said Paresh Babu.
Binoy did not feel up to going again to Paresh Babu's house, and as for his own lodgings their loneliness felt so oppressive that the very next morning he went quite early to Anandamoyi and said : “Mother, I want to stay with you here for a few days.” Binoy had it also in mind that he could comfort Ananda- moyi in her sorrow at Gora's enforced absence, and her heart was touched when she saw this. She put her hand affection- ately on his shoulder, but said nothing. As soon as he was settled, Binoy began to make all kinds of petulant demands and even playfully to quarrel with Anandamoyi over his not being properly looked after, with the idea of distracting her, as well as himself, from their sorrowful reflections. And when, in the gloom of evening, it became difficult to keep his feelings under control, Binoy pestered Anandamoyi till she left all her housework, and came with him to the verandah in front of his room, and there he made her sit down on the mat and tell him stories about her childhood's days and about her father's home,-stories of the days before her marriage when, as the grandchild of the preceptor, she had been the pet of all the students in her grandfather's school ; and because every one joined in lavish- ing on this fatherless girl every kind of indulgence, she had been a cause of anxious solicitude to her widowed mother. “Mother!” cried Binoy at the end, “I can't even think that there was ever a time when you were not our mother ! I believe that the students of your grandfather's school used to look on you as their tiny little mother, and that it was really you who had to bring up your grandfather ! ” The next evening Binoy was lying on a mat with his head resting on Anandamoyi's lap and was saying: “Mother, I sometimes wish that I could give back to God all my book learning and take refuge in this lap of yours as a child once more—with only you in the whole world, you and no one else but you.” Binoy's tone was so full of weariness and seemed to reveal such an overburdened heart that Anandamoyi was surprised as well as greatly troubled. She moved up closer and began gently to stroke his head, and after a long silence asked him : “ Binu, is everything all right at Paresh Babu's ?” At this question the abashed Binoy gave a start. “Nothing
can be hidden from mother," thought he. “She sees right into one ! ” Aloud he said somewhat haltingly : “ Yes, they are all very well.” “I should very much like to know Paresh Babu's girls,” continued Anandamoyi. “Gora did not have a good opinion of them, to begin with, but from the way they have been able to win him over since, they seem to be different from ordinary people.” “I also have often wished," said Binoy eagerly, “ that I could introduce them to you. But I was afraid Gora might object, so I never suggested it.” “What is the name of the eldest ? ” pursued Anandamoyi. And in this way several questions were asked and answered, but when the name of Lolita came up Binoy tried to turn the subject with an evasive reply. Anandamoyi, however, with a smile at his tactics, refused to be put off. “ I've heard that Lolita is a very clever girl," she went on. “ Who told you ?” asked Binoy. “Why, you of course!” answered Anandamoyi. There had been a time when Binoy had no special awk- wardness in speaking of Lolita. He had now clean forgotten how, during that free-minded stage, he had given Anandamoyi glowing accounts of the keenness of Lolita's intellect. Anandamoyi, rounding all obstacles like an expert captain, had soon steered the subject so skilfully ahead, that no important detail of Lolita's friendship with Binoy remained hidden from her. Binoy even came out with how Lolita's acute distress at Gora's sudden arrest and imprisonment had led to her escape alone with him on the steamer. And in his excitement as he talked on all trace of his former weariness vanished. It seemed to him such a piece of good fortune to be able thus to talk freely about so wonderful a character ! When at length dinner was announced and the conversation was interrupted, Binoy seemed to awake, as if from a dream, to realise that he had been telling Anandamoyi absolutely everything that was in his mind. She had listened to and appreciated everything so simply, that nowhere did the recital call for any feeling of awkwardness or shame. Up to this point in his life Binoy had never come across anything which had needed to be kept from this mother of his, and he had got into the habit of coming to her even with his most trivial concerns. But since his acquaintance with Paresh Babu's people, a sense of hesitation had crept in, which had not been healthy for Binoy's mind. Now that he
had once again poured all his troubles into her sympathetic and understanding ears, he felt a great elation. The purity of his last experience would have suffered, he was sure, if he had been unable to offer it at mother Anandamoyi's feet,-in that case some stain of unworthiness would have remained to tarnish his love. In the night Anandamoyi turned the matter over and over in her mind. She felt that the puzzle of Gora’s life was getting more and more tangled, but that possibly its solution might be found in Paresh Babu's house. She decided, in the end, that no matter what was fated to happen, she would have to get to know these girls.
CHAPTER XXXVI Moim and all his part of the family had begun to take Sasi's marriage with Binoy as a settled thing. Sasi, with her newly developed bashfulness, had given up coming near him. As for Sasi's mother, Lakshmi, Binoy hardly ever came across her. Not that Mistress Lakshmi was shy, but her disposition was inordinately secretive, and the door of her room was almost always closed. Every one of her possessions was kept under lock and key, except only her husband ; and even he was not as free as he would have liked under his wife's strict regime,—the circle of his acquaintance and the orbit of his movements being alike restricted. Lakshmi kept her little world well under her own control, and it was as difficult for the outsider to get in as for the insider to get out! So much so that even Gora was not a welcome visitor in Lakshmi's part of the house. This realm of Mistress Lakshmi's was never torn with any internal conflict between legislature, judiciary or executive, for she herself would execute the laws of her own making and combined in herself both the court of first instance and that of final appeal. In his outside relations Mohim passed for a man of strong will, but that will of his found no scope within the jurisdiction of Lakshmi, not even in the most insig- nificant matters. Lakshmi had made her own estimate of Binoy from behind her purdah and had bestowed on him the seal of her approval. Mohim, having known Binoy from boyhood, had got into the way of regarding him as merely Gora's friend. It was his
wife who had first drawn his attention to the possibilities of Binoy as bridegroom, not the least of his merits, which she had pressed on her husband, being that he would never insist on a dowry ! Now, although Binoy had come to stay in the house, Mohim was tantalised to find himself unable to get in a word with him about the marriage, because of his depression at Gora's misadventure. When Sunday came round, however, the exasperated mistress of his home took the matter in her own hands, broke into Mohim's Sabbath siesta, and drove him forth, pan-box and all, to where Binoy was reading out to Anandamoyi something from the last number of the Bangadarshan, then recently started by Bankim-chandra. Mohim, after offering a pan to Binoy, started off with a homily on Gora's irrepressible folly ; then as he proceeded to count up the days remaining for Gora's sentence to expire, he was quite naturally-and casually-reminded that nearly half the month of Aghran was already over; whereupon he felt he could come to the point. “Look here, Binoy," he then said. “Your idea about not having weddings in Aghran is all nonsense. As I was saying, if you add a family almanac to all our other rules and prohibi- tions there'll never be any marriages at all in this country!”. Seeing how awkward Binoy felt, Anandamoyi came to his rescue and interposed with : “ Binoy has known Sasi since she was a tiny little thing, he can't quite see himself marrying her. That was why he made the excuse about the month of Aghran.” “He should have said so plainly, then, at the very start," said Mohim. “ It takes some time to understand even one's own mind,” replied Anandamoyi. “But, Mohim, what makes you so anxious ? There's no dearth of bridegrooms, surely. Let Gora come back-he knows plenty of marriageable young men--he will be able to fix up a suitable match with one of them.” “ Humph ! ” grunted Mohim, pulling a long face. Then after a short silence he broke out with : “ If you had not put in a spoke, mother, Binoy would never have raised any objections.” Binoy, all in a furry, was about to protest, but Anandamoyi would not let him. “You are not far out, Mohim,” she said. “I have not been able to give Binoy any encouragement in this matter. Binoy is still young, and might perhaps have
agreed on the impulse of the moment, but it would never have turned out well.” Thus did Anandamoyi shelter Binoy from Mohim's attack by drawing all his anger on herself, making Binoy feel quite ashamed of his own weakness. But Mohim did not wait to give Binoy an opportunity of mending matters by expressing his unwillingness for himself. “A stepmother can never feel as one's own mother," was his unspoken comment as he left the room in a huff. Anandamoyi knew perfectly well that Mohim would not hesitate to bring this charge. She knew that all family un- pleasantness was bound to be put down to the stepmother in Society's code of justice, but she was never in the habit of regulating her conduct by what people might think of her. From the day she had taken Gora in her arms she had entirely cut herself away from tradition and custom, and in fact had taken to a course which consistently brought social censure upon her. But her constant self-reproach, due to the suppression of truth which she had been led to connive at, rendered her impervious to the caustic comments of others. When people accused her of being a Christian she used to clasp Gora to her bosom and say: “ God knows it is no accusation to call me a Christian ! ” Thus had she gradually become accustomed to ignore the dictates of her social circle and to follow simply her own nature. So it was not possible for any charge made by Mohim, silent or spoken, to move her from what she con- sidered right. “ Binu,” said Anandamoyi suddenly, “ you haven't been to Paresh Babu's house for many days now, have you ?" “Hardly many, mother," answered Binoy. “Well, you have certainly not been since the day after you returned on the steamer,” said Anandamoyi. That was indeed not very many days, but Binoy knew that his visits to Paresh Babu's house had, just before that, become so frequent that Anandamoyi scarcely ever got a glimpse of him. From that point of view he was open to the comment that his recent absence had been fairly long—for him! He began to pick out a thread from the border of his dhuti, but remained silent. Just then the servant came in and announced that some ladies had called, whereupon Binoy got up hurriedly, so as not to be in the way, but while they stood debating who it could be, Sucharita and Lolita entered the room, and then it was no
longer possible for him to retire. So he stayed on, awkwardly silent. The girls took the dust of Anandamoyi's feet. Lolita did not take any special notice of Binoy, but Sucharita bowed and greeted him with a “ How are you ?” and then turning to Anandamoyi introduced themselves saying : “ We have come from Paresh Babu's.” Anandamoyi welcomed them affectionately, protesting : “ You need no introduction, my dears. I have never seen you, it is true, but I feel as if you belonged to our own family,” and in a very short time she had made them quite at home. Sucharita tried to draw Binoy, who was sitting apart in silence, into the conversation by remarking : “You have not been to see us for some time.” Binoy glanced towards Lolita as he replied : “ That's because I was afraid of exhausting my welcome by presuming on it too much.” “I suppose you don't know that affection expects pre- sumption," said Sucharita with a smile. “Doesn't he ?” laughed Anandamoyi. “Why, if I could only tell you how he orders me about all day long—I don't get a moment's peace with his whims !” and she looked lovingly at Binoy. “God is only using me to test the patience with which he has endowed you,” retorted Binoy. At this remark Sucharita nudged Lolita slyly and said : “Do you hear this, Lolita ? Have we been tested too, and found wanting, I wonder !” Seeing that Lolita paid no attention to this remark, Anandamoyi laughed and said : “ This time Binu is engaged in putting his own patience to the test. You people little know what you mean for him. Why, in the evenings he can talk about nothing else, and Paresh Babu's very name is enough to send him into ecstasies," and as she spoke Ananda- moyi gazed at Lolita, who, although she was making strenuous efforts to look up naturally, was unable to do so without blushing all over. “ You can't imagine with what a number of people he has quarrelled by standing up for Paresh Babu ! ” continued Anandamoyi. “All his orthodox friends twit him with being a Brahmo, and some of them have even tried to outcaste him.--You need not look so uncomfortable about it, Binu dear, it's nothing to be ashamed of.—What do you say, my little mother?”
This time Lolita had been looking up, but lowered her eyes when Anandamoyi turned towards her, and it was Sucharita who replied for her: “Binoy Babu has been good enough to give us his friendship—that's not due to our merit alone, but to his largeness of heart.” “There I cannot agree !” smiled Anandamoyi. “I've known Binoy ever since he was a youngster and all these days he has never made friends with any one except my Gora. He does not get on even with the other men of his own set. But since he has come to know you, he has got quite beyond our reach! I was ready to pick a quarrel with you over this, but now, I see, I've got into the same plight-you are too irresistible, my dears!” With this Anandamoyi caressed each of the girls in turn by touching them under the chin and then kissing her own fingers. Binoy had begun to look so uncomfortable that Sucharita took pity on him and said : “ Binoy Babu, father came with us, and is now downstairs talking with Krishnadayal Babu." This gave Binoy the opportunity to make his escape, leaving the ladies to themselves. Anandamoyi then talked to the girls of the extraordinary friendship which existed between Gora and Binoy, and she was not long in discovering how interested both her hearers were. To Anandamoyi herself there was no one in the whole world so dear as these two, to whom she had offered the full adoration of a mother's love from their early childhood. She had, indeed, shaped them with her own hands, like the images of Shiva which girls make for their own worship, and they had appropriated to themselves the whole of her devotion. The story of these two idols of hers sounded so sweet from her own lips, and so vivid, that Sucharita and Lolita both felt they could not have enough of it. They had no lack of regard for Gora and Binoy, but they seemed to see them in a new light through the magic radiance of a mother's love. Now that she had come to know Anandamoyi, Lolita's anger against the Magistrate flamed up afresh. But Ananda- moyi smiled at her pungent remarks and said : “My dear, God alone knows what Gora's being in gaol has meant to me, but I can't bring myself to be angry with the sahib. I know Gora. He cannot allow any man-made laws to stand in the way of what he feels to be right. Gora has done his duty. The authorities are doing theirs. Those whom the result hurts must submit. If only you will read my Gora's letter,
little mother, you will realise that he has not shirked pain, nor is he venting childish anger against any one. He has weighed all the consequences of what he has done.” And she brought Gora's letter out of a box in which she had carefully put it away and handed it to Sucharita, saying: “ Will you read it aloud, my dear. I would like to hear it again." After the reading of Gora's wonderful letter all three of them kept silent a while. Anandamoyi wiped away some tears which came, not merely from a mother's grief, but also from a mother's joy and pride. What a Gora was this Gora of hers ! Not the poltroon to cringe to the Magistrate for pity or pardon. Had he not accepted the whole responsibility for his deed, knowing full well all the hardship of gaol life? For that he had no quarrel with any one, and if he could bear it without wincing, his mother, too, could endure it! Lolita gazed at Anandamoyi's face in admiration. All the prejudices of a Brahmo household were strongly ingrained in her. She had never felt much respect for women whom she considered to be steeped in the superstitions of orthodoxy. From her childhood she had heard Mistress Baroda, whenever she wanted to be particularly scathing about any fault of Lolita's, denounce it as fit only for girls of Hindu homes, and thereupon had always felt duly humiliated. Anandamoyi's words, to-day, repeatedly filled her with wonder. Such calm strength, such sound sense, such keen discernment! Lolita felt very small beside this woman when she realised how uncontrolled were her own emotions. How effectually had her agitation prevented her from speaking to Binoy or even looking in his direction ! But now the calm compassion in Anandamoyi's face brought peace to her own turbulent mind, and her relations with her surroundings became simple and natural. “Now that I have seen you," she exclaimed, “I understand clearly where Gour Babu got his strength from.” “I am afraid,” smiled Anandamoyi, “ your understanding of this matter is not quite clear. If Gora had been like an ordinary child to me, from where could I have got the strength myself? Could I then have borne this trouble of his so easily ?”
CHAPTER ER XXXVII In order to understand the cause of Lolita's special agitation on the occasion of her visit to Anandamoyi's, it is necessary to go back a little. For some days past the first thought in Lolita's mind, every morning, had been : “Binoy Babu will not come to-day.” And yet she had not been able for the rest of the day to get rid of the hope that he would come after all. Every now and then she would imagine that perhaps he had already come, but instead of coming up to the parlour, was with Paresh Babu downstairs. And when this idea took hold of her, she would be wandering from room to room, over and over again. Then when the day wore to its close, and at last she was in her bed, Lolita did not know what to do with the thoughts which crowded on her. At one moment she could hardly restrain her tears, and the next she would be feeling angry with she knew not whom,,probably with herself! She could only exclaim to herself : "What is this? What is to happen to me? I see no way out, in any direction. How much longer can I go on like this?” Lolita knew that Binoy was in orthodox society, and marriage with him was out of the question,--and yet thus to be wholly unable to control her own heart! What a shame,- what an awful plight to be in ! She could see that Binoy was not averse to her, and it was because of this that she found it so difficult to keep her heart in check. It was because of this that while she waited so ardently for Binoy's coming, she was also consumed with the fear lest he should really come. After struggling in this way all these days, she had felt on that morning that it had become too much for her. She decided that if it was Binoy's absence which was causing all this torment, perhaps the sight of him might serve to allay it. So she had drawn Satish into her room and said : “ You have been having a quarrel with Binoy Babu, I see !” Satish indignantly denied the accusation, although, now that he had got his Auntie, he had for some days forgotten his friendship with Binoy. “ Then he's a fine kind of a friend, I must say !” went on Lolita. “You are so full of Binoy Babu, Binoy Babu, all the time and he doesn't even turn to look at you !” “ Doesn't he ? ” cried Satish. “What do you know about it? Of course he does !”
Satish usually relied on emphatic assertion alone for keeping up the glory which he claimed as the due of this smallest member of the family. In this case he felt that some tangible proof was necessary, so he promptly made off to Binoy's lodgings. He was soon back with the news : “ He's not at home at all, that's why he hasn't come !" “But why couldn't he have come before ? " persisted Lolita. “Because he's not been there for a long time,” said Satish. It was then that Lolita went to Sucharita and said : “ Didi, dear, don't you think we ought to go and call on Gour Babu's mother?” “But we don't know her," objected Sucharita. “Bah!” exclaimed Lolita." Isn't Gour Babu's father an old friend of father's ?” Sucharita remembered that this was so. “Yes, that is true,” she agreed, and then, becoming even enthusiastic, added : “Go and ask father about it, dear.” But this Lolita refused to do and Sucharita had to go herself. “ Certainly !” said Paresh Babu at once. “We ought to have thought of it long ago.” It was settled that they should go after breakfast, but no sooner was the decision come to than Lolita changed her mind. Some hesitation, some wounded pride, came up to the surface and pulled her back. “You accompany father,” she said to Sucharita. “ I'm not going !”. “ That will never do ! ” cried Sucharita. “How can I go alone, with father? Do come, there's a dear, there's a darling! Don't be obstinate and upset things." Lolita was at last persuaded. But was not this admitting defeat at Binoy's hands? He had found it so easy to keep away, and was she to go running after him like this? The ignominy of her surrender made her furious with Binoy. She tried hard to deny to herself that she had any idea of calling on Anandamoyi because of the chance of getting a glimpse of Binoy, and it was to keep up this attitude that she had refused to greet or even to look at him. Binoy, for his part, bad concluded that her behaviour was due to her discovery of his secret sentiments, which she thus wished to show him that she repulsed. That Lolita could possibly be in love with him was a supposition which he had not sufficient self-conceit to entertain. Binoy now came timidly up to the door and stood there,
saying that Paresh Babu had sent word that he was ready to go home. He took shelter behind the door, so that Lolita could not see him. “What!” cried Anandamoyi. “Does he think I'll allow them to go without some refreshments ? I won't be long, Binoy. You come in and sit down, while I go and see about it. What makes you keep standing at the door like that?” Binoy came in and took his seat as far away from Lolita as he could. But Lolita had recovered her composure and with- out a trace of her former awkwardness she said quite naturally : “Do you know, Binoy Babu, your friend Satish went off to your lodgings this morning to find out whether you had for- saken him completely ?” Binoy started with amazement as if he had heard a voice from heaven, and then was abashed because his astonishment was so ill-concealed. His gift of ready repartee forsook him completely. “Satish went to my place, did he ?” he repeated, colouring to the ears. “I've not been at home these days." These few words of Lolita, however, gave Binoy immense joy, and in a single moment the doubts which had overwhelmed his whole world like a choking nightmare were lifted. He felt there was nothing left to desire in the universe. “I am saved, saved !” cried his heart. “Lolita does not doubt me. Lolita is not angry with me!” Very quickly all barriers slipped away from between them, and Sucharita was saying with a laugh : “ Binoy Babu seems at first to have mistaken us for some kind of clawed, tusked or horned creature, or perhaps he thought we had come in arms to the assault ! ” “The silent are always found guilty," said Binoy. “In this world those who lodge their plaints first win their suits. But I did not expect this kind of judgement from you, Didi ! You yourself drift away, and then accuse others of becoming distant!" This was the first time Binoy had addressed Sucharita as “ Didi,” acknowledging her sisterly relationship; and it sounded sweet in her ears, for she felt that the intimacy which had been theirs, almost from their first meeting, had now taken concrete and delightful shape. At this juncture Anandamoyi returned and took charge of the girls, sending Binoy downstairs to look after Paresh Babu's refreshment. It was nearly dark when at length Paresh Babu went away
with his daughters, and Binoy said to Anandamoyi : "Mother, I'm not going to let you do any more work to-day. Come, let's go upstairs.” Binoy could hardly contain himself. He took Ananda- moyi to the terrace and, spreading a mat with his own hands, he made her sit down. “Well, Binu, what is it?" then asked Anandamoyi. " What do you want to say to me ? " "Nothing at all,” replied Binoy, “I want you to talk." The fact was that Binoy was on tenterhooks to know what Anandamoyi thought of Paresh Babu's girls. “ Well, I declare,” cried Anandamoyi. “And is that why you dragged me away from my work? I thought you had something important to tell me.” “If I hadn't brought you up here, you wouldn't have seen this beautiful sunset,” said Binoy. The November sun was indeed setting over the roofs of Calcutta, but in somewhat dismal mood. There was no parti- cular beauty of colouring, all its golden splendour being absorbed by the pall of smoke lying over the horizon. But this evening even the dulness of this murky sunset was to Binoy aflame with colour. It seemed to him as if all the world stood round and enfolded him in its embrace and that the sky came near and caressed him with its touch. “ The girls are very charming," observed Anandamoyi. But that was not enough for Binoy and he contrived to keep the subject going with little touches, bringing out many a detail of his intercourse with Paresh Babu's family. All of these were not of much moment, but Binoy's keen interest and Anandamoyi's ready sympathy, the complete seclusion of the terrace and the deepening shades of the November evening, combined to invest every little point in that domestic history with a wealth of immense meaning. Anandamoyi suddenly said with a sigh: “How I should love to see Gora marry Sucharita !” Binoy sat up straight as he said : “Exactly what I've oſten thought, mother! Sucharita would just suit Gora.” “But can it ever be ?” mused Anandamoyi. “Why not ? ” exclaimed Binoy. “ I'm not at all sure that Gora is not attracted by Sucharita.” Anandamoyi had not failed to notice that Gora was under the influence of some attraction, and had also guessed, from occasional remarks which Binoy had let fall, that the attrac- tion proceeded from none other than Sucharita herself. After
a few moments' silence she said: “What I doubt is, whether Sucharita would consent to marry into an orthodox family.” “The question is, rather,” said Binoy, “whether Gora would be aðlowed to marry into a Brahmo family. Have you no such objection ?” “ None whatever, I assure you,” replied Anandamoyi. “ Haven't you really ? ” cried Binoy. “ To be sure I haven't, Binu," repeated Anandamoyi. “Why should there be any ? Marriage is a matter of hearts coming together-if that happens, what matters it what mantras are recited ? It's quite enough if the ceremony be performed in God's name.” Binoy felt a great weight lifted from his mind, and he said enthusiastically : “ Mother, it really fills me with wonder to hear you talk like that. However did you come to have such a liberal mind ?” “Why, from Gora of course!” answered Anandamoyi, laughing. “But what Gora says is exactly the opposite,” protested Binoy. " What does it matter what he says ?” said Anandamoyi. " Whatever I have learnt comes from Gora all the same !- how true man is himself, and how false the things about which his quarrels divide man from man. What after all is the difference, my son, between Brahmo and orthodox Hindu ? There is no caste in men's hearts—there God brings men together and there He Himself comes to them. Will it ever do to keep Him at a distance and leave the duty of uniting men to creeds and forms ?” “Your words are honey to me, mother,” said Binoy as he bent to take the dust of her feet. “My day with you has been fruitful indeed ! ”
CHAPTER XXXVIII With the arrival of Sucharita's aunt, Harimohini, the atmo- sphere in Paresh Babu's house became considerably disturbed. Before describing how this happened it may be well, first, to give a brief account of Harimohini in the words with which she told Sucharita all about herself. “I was two years older than your mother, and there was no end to the loving care which we both enjoyed in our father's
home. The reason of this was, that we were the only two children in the house, and our uncles were so fond of us that we were hardly allowed to put out feet to the ground. “When I was eight years old I was married into the well- known Palsha family of Roy Chowdhuries, who were as wealthy as they were high-born. But my fate was not meant to be a happy one, for some misunderstanding arose between my father and my father-in-law over my dowry, and my husband's people could not for a long time forgive what they regarded as my father's parsimoniousness. They used to hurl dark threats at me, saying: 'What if our boy marries again? We should like to see what their girl's condition will be then ! “When my father saw my miserable plight he swore that he would never marry another daughter of his into a rich family, and that is how a wealthy match was not sought for your mother. “ In my husband's home the family was a large one, and when I was only nine years of age I had to help in the cooking for sixty or seventy people. I could never have my own meal until every one had been served, and even then I had only what was left, sometimes nothing but rice, or rice and dal. I used to have my first meal as late as two o'clock and on some days not till almost evening, and then the moment I had finished my own food I had to start cooking again for the evening meal, and not till eleven or twelve o'clock in the night did I get a chance to have my supper. There was no specially appointed place for me to sleep in, and I simply slept with any one who could find a place for me, sometimes without any mattress at all. “ This neglect to which I was deliberately subjected did not fail to have its effect on my husband as well, who for a long time kept me at a distance. “When I reached my seventeenth year my daughter Mono- rama was born. My position became still worse because I had given birth to a mere girl. And yet my little girl was a great joy and comfort to me in the midst of all this humiliation. Deprived of all affection, whether from her father or any one else in the house, Monorama became to me an object of care as dear as life itself. “ After three years I gave birth to a boy and then my condition changed for the better, as I attained at length my due place as mistress of the house. I had never known a mother-in-law, and my husband's father died two years after Monorama's birth. After his death my husband and his younger
brothers went to law over the division of the family property, and at length, after much of it had been lost in litigation, the brothers separated. “When Monorama became old enough to be married I was so afraid lest I should lose sight of her, that I gave her in marriage in a village called Shimula at a distance of about ten miles from Palsha. The bridegroom was an exceptionally good-looking young man, a regular Kartik. His features were as handsome as his complexion was fair, and his people too were well-to-do. “ Before my doom finally overtook me, providence gave me a short taste of happiness which, while it lasted, seemed to make good all the years of neglect and misery I had endured before. Towards the end, I won my husband's love and also his respect, so that he would not undertake anything important without first consulting me. But it was all too good to last. An epidemic of cholera broke out in our neighbourhood and my husband and son died within four days of each other. God must have kept me alive to teach me that sorrow, which it is unbearable even to imagine, can be borne by man. “ Gradually I got to know my son-in-law. Who could have thought that such a venomous snake could lie hidden in the heart of that charming exterior ? My daughter had never told me that her husband had got into the habit of drinking through the bad company he kept; and when he used to come and wheedle money out of me on various pretexts I felt rather pleased than otherwise, for I had no one else in the world for whom I needed to save. “Very soon, however, my daughter began to forbid me to do so, and would caution me, saying: “You are only spoiling him by letting him have money like that. There's no knowing where he wastes it when once he gets hold of it.' I thought that Monorama was only afraid of the disgrace he would get into with his own people by taking money from his wife's relations. And as my folly would have it, I took to giving him in secret the money which carried him on the road to ruin. When my daughter got to know this she came to me in tears and disclosed everything. You can imagine how I then beat my breast in despair! And to think that it was a younger brother of my husband's whose example and encouragement had been my son-in-law's undoing ! “When I stopped giving him money and he began to suspect that it was my daughter who was at the bottom of it, 1 Corresponding to Adonis.
he gave up all attempts at concealment. He then began to ill-treat Monorama so cruelly, not hesitating even to insult her before outsiders, that once more I had to go on giving him money without her knowledge, knowing full well that I was only helping him on the road to hell. But what could I do? I simply could not bear to have Monorama thus tortured. “ Then came a day--how well I still remember that day ! It was towards the end of February. The hot weather had commenced unusually early. We were remarking to each other how the mango trees in the back garden were already laden with blossom. At mid-day a palanquin stopped at our door, out of which stepped Monorama, who, with a smile on her face, came up to me and took the dust of my feet. ““ Well, Monu,' I exclaimed. “What's the news?' “She replied, still smiling : 'Can't I come to see my mother without having any news to give her ?? “My daughter's mother-in-law was not a bad sort of person, and the message she had sent was : ‘Monorama is expecting a child and I think it best for her to stay with her mother till her confinement is over.' I naturally thought that this was the true reason,-how was I to guess that my daughter's husband had begun beating her again although she was in this condition, and that her mother-in-law had packed her off in sheer dread of the possible consequences ? “Monorama, as well as her mother-in-law, thus conspired to keep me in the dark. When I wanted to anoint her with oil or help her when taking her bath, she always made some excuse, she did not want me to see the marks of her husband's blows! “ Several times my son-in-law came round and made a fuss, trying to get his wife to go back with him, for he knew that so long as she stayed with me he would find it difficult to extort money. But even this ceased in time to be an obstacle for him, and he had no qualms in openly pestering me for money, even in Monorama's presence. Monorama herself was firm and forbade me to listen to him, but the fear that his rising wrath against my daughter might overstep all bounds kept me weak. “At last Monorama said: 'Mother, let me take charge of your cash,' with which she took possession of my box and my keys. When my son-in-law found that there was no longer any chance of getting money from me, and that Monorama's determination could not be broken, he began to press for his wife's return home. I tried to persuade Monorama, saying:
'Let him have what he wants, dear, if only to get rid of him, else who knows to what lengths he may go.' “ But my Monorama was as firm in some things as she was gentle in others, and she would say : 'Never, mother, it simply can't be done.' “One day her husband came with bloodshot eyes, and said : To-morrow afternoon I'll have a palanquin sent, and if you don't let my wife come home, it will be the worse for you, I promise you.' “When the palanquin arrived next day, just before evening, I said to Monorama: 'It's not safe to put it off now, my dear, but I'll send some one over to bring you back again next week. But Monorama said : ‘Let me stay just a while, mother, I can't bring myself to go to-night. Tell them to come again after a few days.' 'My dear," I said, “if I send the palanquin back again, shall we be able to control that turbulent husband of yours? No, Monu, you had better go now.' 'No, mother, not to-day,' she pleaded. 'My father- in-law will be returning by the middle of Phalgun, I will go then. “Nevertheless I still insisted that it would not be safe, and at length Monorama went to get ready, while I got busy over preparing some food for the servants and bearers who had come with the palanquin,-so busy that I did not get the chance to put the finishing touches to Monorama's toilet, or make up some little favourite dainty for her, or even to have a few words with her before she left. Just before she stepped into the palanquin, Monorama stooped to touch my feet, and said: “Mother-good-bye!' "I did not realise then that it was good-bye for ever! Even to this day my heart is breaking at the thought that she would not go, and I made her. Never in this life will that wound be healed. “ That very night Monorama died of a miscarriage and, even before the news reached me, her body had been hurriedly and secretly cremated. “ What can you understand, my dear, about the agony of a sorrow for which there is nothing to be said or done, and which cannot be washed away, even with life-long weeping ? Nor were my troubles at an end with the loss of my all. “ After the death of my husband and my son, my husband's younger brothers cast covetous eyes on my property. They knew that after my death it would all go to them, but they had not the patience to wait. I can hardly blame them, for
was it not almost a crime for a wretched woman like myself to remain alive? How can people who have no end of wants be expected to put up with one who has none and yet bars the way to their enjoyment ? “So long as Monorama was living I stood firm for my rights, determined not to be taken in by any persuasion, for I wanted to leave my savings to her. But my brothers-in-law could not bear the idea of my saving money for my daughter, for to them it seemed like stealing it from their pockets. There was an old and trusted servant of my husband's named Nilkanta, who was my ally. He would not hear of it if, for the sake of peace, I proposed any kind of compromise with them. 'We'll see,' he would say, 'who can deprive us of our just rights.' " It was in the middle of this fight for my rights that Monorama died, and the very day after her death one of my brothers-in-law came to me and advised me to renounce my possessions and take to the ascetic life. “Sister,' he said, 'God evidently does not intend you to live a worldly life. For the days that remain to you why not go to some holy place and devote yourself to religious works ? We will arrange for your maintenance. “I sent for my religious preceptor, and asked him : 'Tell me, Master, how to save myself from this unbearable suffering which has come upon me. I am consumed by an all-encom- passing fire, I can see no escape from this anguish whichever way I turn.' “My Guru took me to our temple and, pointing to the image of Krishna, said: 'Here is your husband, your son, your daughter, your all. Serve and worship Him and all your longings will be satisfied and your emptiness will be filled.' “So I began to spend all my time in the temple and tried to give my whole mind to God. But how was I to give myself unless He took me ? Alas, He has not done so yet! “I called Nilkanta and said to him : ‘Nil-dada, I have decided to give away my life-interest in the property to my brothers-in-law, asking only for a small monthly allowance for myself. But Nilkanta said: 'No, that can never be. You are a woman, don't you worry yourself with these business matters.' “' But what further need have I of property ?’I asked. • What an idea !’exclaimed Nilkanta. "To give up our legal rights ! Don't you dream of doing such a mad thing.' For
Nilkanta there was nothing greater than one's legal rights. But I was in a terrible quandary. I had come to detest worldly concerns like poison, and yet how could I distress old Nilkanta, the only trustworthy friend I had in the world ? “At length one day, without Nilkanta's knowledge, I put my signature to a document. What its meaning was I did not fully understand, but as I had no thought of keeping any- thing back I had no fear of being cheated. What belonged to my father-in-law, I felt, let his children have. “When the document had been registered, I called Nilkanta and said : ‘Nil-dada, don't be angry with me, please, I have signed away the property. I have no further need of it.' * What !’cried Niſkanta, aghast. "What have you gone and done!' “ When he read the draft of the document and saw that I really had given up all my rights, his indignation knew no bounds, for from the time of his master's death his one object in life had been to preserve this property of mine. All his thoughts and efforts had been incessantly engaged in this task. It had been his one recreation to dance attendance at lawyers' offices, and search out legal points and hunt up evidence, so much so, indeed, that he did not find time to attend to his own affairs. When he saw that by a stroke of the pen of a foolish woman the rights for which he had fought had taken flight, it was impossible for him to brook it. 'Well, well,' said he, “I've done with the affairs of this estate. I'm off!' “ That Nil-dada should go away like this and part from me in anger was to touch the lowest depth of my misfortunes. I called him back and begged him not to go, saying : Dada, don't be angry with me. I have some money saved up. Take these five hundred rupees and give them to your boy when he gets married, to buy ornaments for his bride, with my blessings.' 'What do I want with more money ? ' cried Nilkanta. With all my master's wealth gone, five hundred rupees will be no consolation to me. Let them be!' and saying this my husband's last real friend left me. “I took refuge in the temple. My brothers-in-law con- stantly pestered me, saying :'Go and live in some holy place,' but I replied : ‘My husband's ancestral home is my only holy place. The seat of our family god shall be my place of refuge.' But it seemed to them intolerable that I should encumber any part of that house with my presence. They had already brought in their own furniture and had apportioned the differ-
ent rooms between themselves. At last they said: 'You may take our family god with you if you like, we shall make no objection. When I still hesitated, they asked : 'How do you propose to manage about your expenses?' “ To this I answered: The allowance which you have fixed for my maintenance will be quite sufficient for me.' But they pretended not to understand : “What do you mean?' they said. “There was no word of any allowance. “ Then it was that, just thirty-four years after my marriage, I left my husband's home one day, taking my god with me. When I sought Nil-dada, I found that he had already retired to Brindaban. “I joined a party of pilgrims going from our village to Benares, but for my sins I could get no peace even there. Every day I called upon my god, and said: 'O God, make Thyself as real to me as were my husband and children.' But He did not listen to my prayer. My heart is not yet com- forted, and my whole mind and body are flooded with tears, Oh my God, how cruel and hard is man's life! “ I had not been to my father's home for a single day since the time I had been taken to my husband's house at the age of eight. I had tried my best to be allowed to go for your mother's wedding, but in vain. Then I heard the news of your birth, and after that of my sister's death, but up to the present time God did not give me the opportunity of taking you, my children, who have lost your own mother, into my arms. “When I found that even after wandering about to many places of pilgrimage my mind was still full of attachment, and thirsted for some object of affection, I began to make inquiries as to your whereabouts. I heard that your father had given up orthodox religion and society, but what difference could that make to me? Was not your mother my own sister ? “At last I discovered where you were living, and came along here with a friend, from Benares. I have heard that Paresh Babu does not honour our gods, but you have only to look on his face to know that the gods honour him. It takes more than mere offerings to please God—that I know well enough-and I must find out how Paresh Babu has managed to win Him over so completely. “However that may be, my child, the time for me to retire from the world has not yet come. I am not ready to live all alone by myself. When it is His gracious will, I shall be able
to do so, but in the meantime I feel I cannot bear the idea of living away from you, my new-found children.”
CHAPTER XXXIX PARESH BABU had taken Harimohini into his house while Mistress Baroda was away from home, and had made all arrangements for her to occupy the lonely room at the top of the house, where she could live in her own way and so have no difficulty with her caste observances. But when Baroda returned home and found her house- keeping complicated by this unexpected arrival, she felt angry all over, and made it known to Paresh Babu, in pretty plain terms, that this was too much to expect of her. “ You can bear the burden of the whole family of us,” said Paresh Babu,“ surely you can also bear with this unfortunate widow as well ?” Mistress Baroda regarded Paresh Babu as being devoid of all practical common sense and knowledge of the world. Having no idea of what would be convenient in domestic matters, she was sure that any step he took of himself would be certain to be the wrong one. But she also knew that, when he did decide upon taking any step, you might argue with him, or get angry with him, or even dissolve into tears, he would be as immovable as an image of stone. What could be done with such a man? What woman could get on with one with whom it was impossible even to quarrel when need arose! She felt she would have to admit defeat. Sucharita was of about the same age as Monorama, and to Harimohini she seemed much the same in appearance. Even their natures were similar, tranquil yet firm. Now and then, when she saw Sucharita suddenly from behind, Harimohini's heart gave a jump. One evening when Harimohini was sitting alone in the dark, weeping silently, and Sucharita came to her, Harimohini strained her niece to her bosom, murmuring with closed eyes : “She has come back, come back to my heart! She would not go, but I sent her away. Could I ever be punished enough for that in this life? But perhaps I have suffered enough, so now she comes back to me! Here she is, with the same smile on her face. Oh, my little mother, my treasure, my jewel !”
and then she fell to stroking Sucharita's face and kissing her, deluging her with tears. Whereupon Sucharita also began to sob, and said in a choking voice : “ Auntie, neither did I enjoy a mother's love for long, but now that lost mother of mine, too, has come back. How often, when I had not the strength to call upon God in my sorrow, when my whole soul seemed to be shrivelled up, I have called upon my mother. To-day mother has heard my call and come to me!” But Harimohini said: “Don't talk so, my child, don't talk so. When I hear you say that, I feel so happy that I am afraid ! O God, don't rob me of this too. I have tried to get rid of all attachment-to make my heart like stone, but I cannot-I am so weak! Have pity on me, do not strike me again, my God! O Radharani ! my dear, go away from me and leave me! Do not cling to me so. O Lord of my life, my Krishna, my Gopal, what calamity are you preparing for me again!” “ Auntie,” said Sucharita, "you will never be able to send me away, say what you like; I am not going to leave you,- never,-- I will stay beside you always," and she snuggled up against her aunt's breast and lay there like a child. Within these few days so deep a feeling of kinship had sprung up between Sucharita and her aunt that time could be no measure of it. This seemed to add to Mistress Baroda's vexation. “Just look at the girl!” she exclaimed. “As if she has never received any care or affection from us! Where was her aunt all these years, I should like to know! We take all the trouble to bring her up from a child and now it's nothing but Auntie, Auntie! Haven't I always said to my husband that this Sucharita, whom they are all never tired of praising up to the skies, looks as if butter would not melt in her mouth, but there's no melting her heart, either. All that we have done has been thrown away on her.” Baroda knew well enough that she would not get Paresh Babu's sympathy in her grievance, and not only that, but if she showed her annoyance with Harimohini she would lose the place she had in his respect. This made her all the angrier and determined more than ever, whatever her husband might think, to prove that all understanding people were on her side. So she began to discuss the affair of Harimohini with every member of the Brahmo Samaj, important and unimportant, so as to win them over to her view. There was no end to her complaints as to how bad for the children it was to have the
example of this superstitious, ill-fated, idol-worshipping woman always before them in the house. Mistress Baroda's suppressed vexation not only found expression outside the house, it resulted, inside, in making Harimohini thoroughly uncomfortable. The high-casteservant, who had been told off to draw water for Harimohini's cooking, would be put on to some other work just when his services were required. If the matter was ever mentioned, Baroda would say: “Why, what's the trouble ? Isn't Ramdin there?” knowing very well that Harimohini could not use the water handled by the low-caste Ramdin. If any one pointed this out to her, she would say: “ If she's so high caste as all that, what makes her come to a Brahmo home? We can't have all these silly distinctions here, and I for one am not going to allow it.” On such occasions her sense of duty became almost fierce. She would say: “ The Brahmo Samaj is getting quite lax over social matters—that's why it's doing much less for social uplift than it used to do." And would go on to make it clear that she, for her part, would lend no countenance to such laxity-no, none whatever, so long as she had any strength left in her! If she was to be misunderstood, that couldn't be helped ; if her own relations were against her, she was pre- pared to submit to it! And in conclusion, she did not neglect to remind her hearers that all the saints of the world, who had done anything great, had to endure opposition and insult. But no amount of inconvenience seemed to tell on Hari- mohini,-it appeared, rather, that she gloried in thus being able to rise to the full height of her penance. The hardships due to her self-imposed asceticism seemed to be more in tune with the permanent torture which raged within her. Her's seemed to be the cult of welcoming sorrow and making it one's own, so as to win the more real victory over it. When Harimohini found that the water-supply for her cooking was causing trouble in the family, she gave up cooking altogether, and subsisted only on fruit and milk which she had first offered before her god. Sucharita was grievously exercised over this. Whereupon her aunt, in order to soothe her, said : “But this is very good for me, my dear. It is a necessary discipline, and gives me joy, not pain.” “Auntie," was Sucharita's reply,“ if I stop taking water or food from the hands of lower-caste people, will you allow me to wait on you ?” “You, my dear,” said Harimohini,“ should do as you have
been taught to believe-you must not follow a different path for my sake. I have you near me, in my very arms, that is happiness enough for me. Paresh Babu has been like a father, like a guru to you; you should honour his teaching ; God will bless you for it.” Harimohini herself put up with all the petty annoyances inflicted on her by Mistress Baroda so simply that she did not seem to be even aware of them, and when Paresh Babu came to see her every morning with the question : “Well, and how are you to-day? You are not feeling at all inconvenienced, I hope ? ” she would answer : “No, thank you, I'm getting along very happily." But these annoyances tormented Sucharita without respite. She was not the sort of girl to complain. More especially was she careful not to let anything against Baroda escape her in Paresh Babu's hearing. But though she bore it all in silence, without the least sign of resentment, it had the result of draw- ing her nearer and nearer to her aunt, and, eventually, in spite of Harimohini’s protests, she gradually took upon herself to attend to all her aunt's wants. At last, when Harimohini saw what trouble she was giving Sucharita, she decided to take to cooking her own food again. Whereupon Sucharita said: “ Auntie, I will regulate my conduct exactly as you want me to, but you positively must allow me to draw the water for you. I'll take no denial.” “My dear,” said Harimohini, “ you must not be offended, but that water has to be offered to my god.” “Auntie!” protested Sucharita. “Is your god in orthodox society that he should observe caste? Can pollution affect him too ?” At length Harimohini had to acknowledge herself vanquished by Sucharita's devotion, and she accepted her niece's services without reserve. Satish too, in imitation of his sister, began to be seized with the desire to share his Auntie's food, and finally it reached such a pass that these three combined to form a separate little family in one corner of Paresh Babu's home. Lolita was the only bridge between the two divisions, for Mistress Baroda saw to it that none of her other daughters should approach Harimohini's little corner,—she would have prevented Lolita also, if she had dared.
MISTRESS BARODA often invited her Brahmo lady friends to the house, and sometimes they would all congregate on the terrace in front of Harimohini's room. On such occasions Harimohini, in the simplicity of her nature, would try to help in making them welcome, but they on their side hardly disguised their contempt. They would even look pointedly at her, while Baroda was making pungent comments on ortho- dox manners and customs, in which some of them would join. Sucharita, who was always with her aunt, had to put up with these attacks in silence. All she could do was to show by her actions that they touched her too, because she followed her aunt's ways. When refreshments were served, Sucharita would decline to have anything, saying: “I don't take these things, thanks.” At which Mistress Baroda would burst out with : “What! D'you mean to say you cannot eat with us ? ” And when Sucharita repeated that she would rather not, Baroda would wax sarcastic, saying to her friends : “D’you know, our young lady is getting to be mighty high caste. Our touch is contamination for her!” “What! Sucharita turned orthodox! Wonders will never cease ! ” the visitors would remark. Harimohini would get worried and say : “ No, Radharani, this will never do, dear; do go and have something with them !” That her niece should have to endure these sarcasms for her sake was too much for her aunt, but Sucharita remained firm. One day one of the Brahmo visitors, just out of curiosity, was about to step into Harimohini's room with her shoes on, when Sucharita blocked the way, saying: “Not into this room, please !” " Why, what's the matter ? ” “My aunt's family god is kept there." “Ah, an idol! And so she worships idols ?” “Yes, mother, of course I do,” replied Harimohini. “How can you have faith in idols?” “Faith! Where is a miserable creature like me to get faith ? Had I but faith, it would have saved me." Lolita happened to be there on this occasion, and her face was scarlet as she turned on the questioner and asked her : “ Have you then faith in Him you worship ?”
“What nonsense! How could it be otherwise ? ” was the answer. Lolita shook her head scornfully as she said : “ You not only have no faith, but what is more, you don't even know that you haven't." Thus was Sucharita's alienation from her people complete, in spite of all that Harimohini could do to keep her from doing things which Baroda would specially resent. Baroda and Haran had in the past never been able to pull on well together, but now they came to a mutual understanding against the rest. Whereupon Mistress Baroda was pleased to remark that no matter what people might say, if there was one man who was trying to keep pure the ideals of the Brahmo Samaj it was Panu Babu. While Haran made out to all and sundry that Mistress Baroda was a shining example of a Brahmo housewife who, with devoted conscientiousness, was trying in every way to preserve the fair name of Brahmo Society from all stain. In this praise of his there was, of course, a veiled insinuation against Paresh Babu. One day Haran said to Sucharita in the presence of Paresh Babu : “I have heard that nowadays you take only sanctified food offered to idols. Is that true?” Sucharita's face flushed, but she tried to look as though she had not heard the remark, and began to shift about the pens and inkstand on the table, while Paresh Babu, with a sympathetic glance towards her, said to Haran : “ Panu Babu, whatever we eat is food sanctified by God's grace.” “But Sucharita is ready to give up our God, it seems," said Haran. “Even if that were possible, is it any remedy to worry her about it?” asked Paresh Babu. “When we see a person being carried off by the current, are we not to try and draw him back to the bank ? ” replied Haran. “ Pelting him with clods is not the same as drawing him to the bank," said Paresh Babu. “But, Panu Babu, you need not be alarmed. I have known Sucharita ever since she was a tiny little thing, and if she had fallen into the water I should have known it before any of you, and would not have remained indifferent about it either.” “ Sucharita is here to answer for herself,” said Haran. “I am told she has taken to refusing to eat with everybody. Ask her whether that is true.” Sucharita, relaxing the unnecessarily close attention which
she had been giving to the inkstand, said : “ It is known to father that I have given up eating food touched by all kinds of people, and if he can tolerate it, that is enough for me. If it be displeasing to any of you, you are at liberty to call me what names you like, but why trouble father about it? Do you not know what immense forbearance he has for each one of us? Is this the way you requite him?" Haran was taken aback at this plain speaking. “Even Sucharita has learnt to speak up for herself !” thought he, wonderingly. Paresh Babu was a man who loved peace, and he did not like much discussion either about himself or about others. He had lived his life quietly, not seeking any position of importance in the Brahmo Samaj. Haran had put this down to Paresh Babu's lack of enthusiasm for the cause and had even taxed him with it, but in explanation Paresh Babu had only said : “God has created two classes of bodies, mobile and inert. I belong to the latter. God will make use of men like myself for accomplishing such work as we are fit for. Nothing is to be gained by becoming restless to achieve something which one is not capable of. I am getting old, and what I have the power to do, and what not, has been settled long ago. You can do no good by trying to hustle me on.” Haran plumed himself on being able to infuse enthusiasm even in an unresponsive heart. His belief was that he had an irresistible power of stimulating the inert into activity, of melting into repentance the fallen, that no one for long could stand in the way of his forceful single-mindedness. He had come to the conclusion that all the changes for the better which had taken place in the individual members of the Samaj were mainly to be ascribed to him. He had not a doubt that it was his influence which was at work all the time behind the scenes, and when any one specially praised Sucharita in his presence, he beamed with a sense of self-satisfaction. He felt that he was shaping Sucharita's character by his advice, example, and companionship, and had begun to hope that her life itself would be one of the most glorious achievements standing to his credit. His pride suffered no check, even now, by this deplorable backsliding of Sucharita's, for he put all the blame for it on Paresh Babu's shoulders. Haran had never been able to join whole-heartedly in the chorus of praise of Paresh Babu which was on every one's lips, and he now thought he had reason to congratulate himself
that they would soon find how well justified his more intelligent silence had been. Haran could forgive almost anything, except the following of an independent path, according to their own judgement, by those whom he had tried to guide aright. It was wellnigh impossible for him to let his victims escape without making a struggle, and the more clear it became that his advice was having no effect, the more insistent did he become. Like a wound-up machine not yet run down, he could not check himself, and would go on dinning the same thing over and over again into unwilling ears, not knowing when he was defeated. This peculiarity of his used to trouble Sucharita very much, not on her own account, but for Paresh Babu. Paresh Babu had become an object of discussion to the whole Brahmo Samaj,—what could be done to counteract that ? Then, again, there was Harimohini, who was coming to realise, as the days passed by, that the more she tried to keep herself in the background, the more did she become a cause of disturbance in the family circle ; and the humiliations to which she was subjected distressed Sucharita more and more every day. She could discover no way out of these difficulties. On the top of this there was Mistress Baroda, who had begun to press Paresh Babu to hasten forward Sucharita's marriage. “ We can't be responsible for Sucharita any longer," she insisted, “now that she has begun to follow her own sweet will. If her wedding is delayed much longer I shall have to take the other girls elsewhere, for Sucharita's preposterous example is most pernicious for them. You will have to repent for your indulgence towards her, I warn you. Look at Lolita. She was never like this before. Who d’you think is at the root of her perverse behaviour,-listening to nobody and making herself an all-round nuisance ? That affair the other day, which nearly made me die of shame,-do you imagine that Sucharita had no hand in it? I have never complained before, because you love Sucharita more than your own daughters, but let me tell you plainly, now, that it can't go on much longer.” Paresh Babu was greatly worried, not at Sucharita's ways, but because of this disturbance in the family. He had not a doubt that, when once Mistress Baroda had made up her mind, she would leave no stone unturned to gain her object, and if she saw that her efforts seemed fruitless she would simply redouble them. He felt that if Sucharita's marriage could possibly be expedited, it would also make for her own peace
of mind in the present circumstances, so he said to Baroda : “ If Panu Babu can get Sucharita to fix the day, I have no objection at all.” “ How many more times has her consent to be asked, I should like to know,” cried Mistress Baroda. “ You positively astound me! Why all this waiting on her pleasure? Will you tell me where she can get another such husband ? You may get angry or not, as you please, but if the truth is to be told, Sucharita is not worthy of Panu Babu !” “I have not been able to understand clearly,” said Paresh Babu,“ how Sucharita really feels towards Panu Babu. So until they come to some settlement between themselves, I would rather not interfere.” “Ah, so you do not understand !” exclaimed Baroda. “At last you admit it? That girl is not so easy to under- stand, I tell you. You may take it from me, she's very different inwardly from what she makes herself out to be !”
CHAPTER XLI THERE had been an article in the newspaper on the falling off in the zeal of the Brahmo Samaj. In it there were such clear references to Paresh Babu's family that, although no names were mentioned, every one could see plainly who were meant, nor was it hard to guess from the style who the writer was. Sucharita had managed, somehow, to read on to the end of the article, and was now engaged in tearing the paper to pieces,-it seemed from the way she had set about it that nothing short of reducing it into its original atoms would appease her! It was at this moment that Haran entered the room, and drew his chair up beside her. But Sucharita did not even so much as lift her eyes to look at him—so absorbed was she in her task. “Sucharita," said Haran, “I have a very important matter to discuss with you to-day, so you must give me your attention.” Sucharita went on tearing up the paper and, when it was no longer possible to tear the pieces with her fingers, she took out her scissors and began to cut them into still smaller fragments. Before she had finished, Lolita came into the room.
" Lolita," said Haran, “I have something to talk over with Sucharita.” But when Lolita turned to go, Sucharita caught hold of her dress and detained her, whereupon Lolita protested : “ But Panu Babu has something particular to say to you ! ” Sucharita, however, took no notice of this remark, and made Lolita come and sit down beside her. As for Haran, he was constitutionally incapable of taking a hint. So he plunged into his subject without any further ado. He said : “I do not think that our wedding ought to be delayed any longer. I have had a talk with Paresh Babu, and he says that as soon as you give your consent the day can be fixed. So I have decided that next Sunday week- But Sucharita, without giving him time to finish his sentence, simply said : "No." Haran was taken aback by this very concise and determined negative. He had always known Sucharita as a paragon of obedience, and had never even imagined that she could check his proposal before it had been half expressed with just this one word. “No!”-he repeated irately. “What do you mean by 'no'?-do you want a later day to be fixed ?” “No,” simply repeated Sucharita. “ Then what on earth do you mean?” gasped Haran, quite disconcerted. “I do not consent to the marriage,” replied Sucharita, with head bent low. “ You don't consent! Whatever can you mean?” repeated Haran, like one stupefied. “ It seems, Panu Babu,” interposed Lolita sarcastically, " that you have forgotten your mother-tongue ! ” Haran looked crushingly at Lolita as he said : “ It is easier to confess that I no longer understand my mother-tongue than to have to admit that I have all along misunderstood the oft- repeated words of one for whom I never entertained anything but respect!” “ It takes time to understand people," observed Lolita, “and perhaps that applies to you also. “From first to last,” said Haran, “there has been no discrepancy between my deeds and words. I can positively declare that I have never given any one cause to misunder- stand me. Let Sucharita herself say whether I am right or wrong!” Lolita was about to make some rejoinder when Sucharita
stopped her and said: “What you say is quite true! I don't wish to blame you for a moment.”. “ If you don't blame me,” exclaimed Haran," then why treat me in this disgraceful manner ?” “You have the right to call it disgraceful,” replied Sucharita firmly, “but this disgrace I must accept, for I cannot- A voice was heard outside : “ Didi, may I come in ?” With an expression of immense relief Sucharita called out at once : “Oh, it's you, Binoy Babu, is it? Come in, do.” “ You have made a mistake, Didi, it's not Binoy Babu, but only Binoy. You must not overwhelm me with all this formality !” said Binoy as he entered the room. Then, as he caught sight of Haran and noted the expression on his face, he added jocosely : “Ah, you are annoyed with me, I see, because I have not been coming for so many days !” Haran made an attempt to enter into the joke. “A good reason for being angry too,” he began, concluding however with : “ But I am afraid you have come just now at rather an inopportune moment. I was discussing an important matter with Sucharita.” "Just my luck!” said Binoy as he got up hurriedly. “One never knows what is the propitious time to come; that's why one hardly dares come at all.” He was about to leave the room, when Sucharita interposed : “ Don't you go, Binoy Babu. We have finished our talk. Sit down.” Binoy could divine that his arrival had been the means of rescuing Sucharita from some awkward situation, so he sat down cheerfully, saying: “I never refuse a kindness. If I'm offered a seat, I promptly accept it. That's my nature. Therefore, Didi, beware! Never say what you don't mean, or you'll rue the consequences !”. Haran was reduced to speechlessness, but his demeanour betokened a rising determination, warning all beholders that he was not the man to leave the room till he had had his say to the last word. As soon as Lolita had heard Binoy's voice from outside the door, her blood was sent coursing through her body, making unsuccessful all her efforts to keep natural. Consequently, when Binoy entered the room, she found it impossible to address him like an ordinary friend, all her attention being taken up in deciding wbich' way she should look and what she should do with her hands. She would have left the room, but Sucharita still had hold of her dress.
Binoy for his part also directed his conversation ostensibly towards Sucharita, not daring, for all his ready wit, to address Lolita directly. He tried to hide his embarrassment by talking volubly, without a pause. But all the same this new shyness between Lolita and Binoy did not pass unobserved by Haran. He was chagrined to see that Lolita, who had been recently adopting such an impudent attitude towards himself, should be so subdued before Binoy. His anger against Paresh Babu increased at this evidence of the evils which he had brought on the family by introducing his daughters to people outside the Brahmo Samaj. And the feeling that Paresh Babu should live to repent of his folly came upon him with all the force of a curse. When it became evident that Haran had no intention of moving, Sucharita said to Binoy: “You haven't seen Auntie for a long time. She often inquires about you. Wouldn't you like to come up and see her ?” “Don't you be thinking,” protested Binoy as he got up to follow Sucharita, “ that I required your words to remind me of Auntie. She was in my thoughts already.” When Sucharita had left with Binoy, Lolita also rose and said: “I don't suppose, Panu Babu, that you have anything special to say to me?” "No," replied Haran. “As I presume you are wanted elsewhere, I give you leave to go.” Lolita understood his insinuation, and drawing herself up, to show that she did not shrink from the point of his remark, she said : “ It is so long since Binoy Babu has called that I really must go and have a chat with him. Meanwhile, if you want to read your own writings—but I forget, my sister has just torn your paper into little pieces. However, if you can bear to read anything written by another, you may look through these.” With which she took from a table in the corner some articles of Gora's which had been carefully put away there and, placing them before Haran, went upstairs. Harimohini was delighted at Binoy's visit. It was not simply because she had conceived an affection for this youth, but because he was so different from the other visitors, who made no secret of regarding her as belonging to some different species. These were all Calcutta people, superior to her in their English and Bengali culture, and their stand-offishness was gradually making her shrink within herself. In Binoy, Harimohini felt a sense of support. He also
was a Calcutta man, and she had heard that his learning was not to be scoffed at, and yet he had never shown the least sign of disrespect for her, but rather a loving regard. It was especially for this reason that in this short time Binoy had found a place in her heart, like a near relation. Lolita would never have found it easy to follow so closely after Binoy into Harimohini's room, but for the blow to her pride which Haran's sneer had dealt. This not only forced her to go, but also, when she arrived there, it took away from her all hesitation in talking freely to Binoy. In fact some snatches of their laughter floated downstairs, reaching the ears and getting on the nerves of the deserted Haran, sitting there all by himself. Haran soon got tired of his own company and thought of assuaging the pain of the wounds he had received by a talk with Mistress Baroda. When he had sought her out and she learned that Sucharita had expressed her unwillingness to marry Haran, her indignation knew no bounds. “Panu Babu,” she admonished him, “it won't do for you to be too good-natured in this matter. She has given her consent, time and again, and in fact the whole Brahmo Samaj has taken it as settled long ago. It will never do for you to allow everything to be turned topsy-turvy simply because to-day she shakes her head. You must not give up your claim so easily. Be firm, and we shall see what she can do !” It was indeed superfluous to incite Haran to firmness. All the time he had been stiffly saying to himself : “I must see this thing through for the sake of principle. For me it may not be a great matter to give up Sucharita, but the dignity of the Brahmo Samaj is at stake ! ” Binoy, in order to get rid of all formality in his relationship with Harimohini, had asked her to give him something to eat, whereupon Harimohini, fluttered at the request, bustled about, and, arranging some fruit, sweetmeats and roasted grain on a brass salver, placed it before Binoy together with a glass of milk. Binoy laughed as he said : “I thought I would be able to put Auntie in a fix by saying I was hungry at such an unusual time, but I see I have to own defeat !” With this he was preparing to fall to with a great show of appetite when, all of a sudden, Mistress Baroda made her appearance. Binoy bent as low as he could over his plate at her entry,
saying : “How is it I didn't see you downstairs? I've been there for some time.” But Baroda took no notice of his remark or greeting, and looking towards Sucharita, exclaimed: “So our young lady is here, is she? I guessed as much! She's having her fling, while poor Panu Babu has been waiting for her all the morning as if he were a supplicant for her favour! I've brought up all these girls from childhood, and never had such a thing happen before. Who's been putting her up to all this, I wonder? To think of these doings going on in our family! How are we to show our faces in the Brahmo Samaj any more?” Harimohini felt greatly perturbed at this and said to Sucharita : “I didn't know that any one was waiting for you downstairs. How wrong of me to detain you! Go, my dear, go at once! I should have known better.” Lolita was on the point of breaking out with a protest that it could not possibly be Harimohini's fault, but Sucharita with a firm pressure of her hand made her a sign to keep quiet, and without making any reply went away downstairs. We have told how Binoy had at first won his way into Baroda's good graces. She felt quite sure that through the influence of their family he would before long become a member of the Brahmo Samaj, and she felt a special pride in the thought that she would thus be the making of this young man. In fact she had on several occasions boasted of her exploit to some of her Brahmo friends. It made her all the more bitter to find this same Binoy established in the camp of the enemy, with her own daughter, Lolita, as his ally in rebellion. “Lolita, have you any special business here ? ” she asked cuttingly. “Yes, Binoy Babu came up, so I- " “Leave Binoy Babu to be entertained by those he came to visit. You are wanted downstairs !” Lolita at once jumped to the conclusion that Haran had been coupling her name with Binoy's in a way he had no right to do. This stiffened her attitude, and what she had haltingly begun, she finished with an uncalled-for effusiveness : “Binoy Babu has called after a long time. I want to have a good talk with him first, and then I'll come down." Mistress Baroda understood from her tone that Lolita refused to be intimidated and, fearing to have to confess defeat in Harimohini's presence, she said nothing more, leaving the room without taking any notice of Binoy.
Of Lolita's eagerness for a chat with Binoy, which she had just expressed to her mother, not a trace was to be found after Baroda left. For a little time the three of them sat in awkward silence, and then Lolita rose and, going to her own room, shut herself in. Binoy clearly realised what Harimohini's position in that household was, and directing the conversation to that end he gradually heard all her past history. When she had finished telling him everything, Harimohini said : “My child, the world is not the proper place for an un- fortunate woman like me. It would have been better for me if I had been able to go to some sacred place and had tried to serve God there. I had a small sum of money left, and could have lived on it for some time, and even if I had lived still longer I could have managed to get along somehow by cooking in some family. Plenty of people live in Benares like that! “But my mind is so sinful, I could not bring myself to do it. Whenever I am alone, all my sorrows seem to press on me and prevent me even from thinking about God. Sometimes I feel I shall go mad. Radharani and Satish have been to me what a raft is to a drowning man,—the very thought of having to leave them again almost chokes me. Therefore it is that, day and night, I am haunted by the fear that I shall have to give them up too—otherwise, after losing my all, why should I again have come to love them so much in such a short time ? “I don't mind speaking out my heart to you, my son, so I tell you, ever since I have got these two, I seem to be able to worship God with my whole heart-and if I lose them, my God will become nothing but hard stone." With these words she wiped the tears from her eyes.
CHAPTER XLII SUCHARITA went downstairs and standing in front of Haran said : “ What is it you are waiting to tell me?" “Sit down,” said Haran. But Sucharita remained as she was. “Sucharita, you have done me a wrong,” went on Haran. “ You too have done wrong to me,” said Sucharita. “ The word I plighted is still as good— ” Haran was about to continue when Sucharita interrupted him. “Do people wrong each other only with words? Would
you force me to act against my inclination because of a word ? Is not the truth greater than any number of false words ? Merely because I have repeated the same mistake many times, is the mistake to prevail ? Now that I have realised where it was wrong, I cannot abide by my former consent,- to do that would be truly wrong.” Haran was at a loss to understand how such a change could have come over Sucharita. He had neither the penetration nor the modesty to guess that it was due to his inconsiderate persistence that she had been compelled to break through her natural reserve and quietness. So, mentally putting all the blame on her new companions, he asked: “What is this mistake you say you have discovered ?" “Why ask me that?” said Sucharita. “Is it not enough that I tell you I have withdrawn my consent ?” “But surely we are called upon to offer some explanation to the Brahmo Samaj,” urged Haran. “What will you say, and what shall I say, to our members ?” “ As for myself," said Sucharita, “I will say nothing. If you must say something, then you can tell them that Sucharita is too young, or too foolish, or too changeable. Say just what you like. But as between us, there is nothing more to be said.” “It cannot end like this,” cried Haran. “If Paresh Babu--" At this moment Paresh Babu himself came in. “ Well, Panu Babu,” he inquired, “ were you wanting to say anything to me?” Sucharita was passing out of the room, but Haran called her back and said : “ No, Sucharita, you must not go now. Let us discuss the matter in the presence of Paresh Babu.” Sucharita turned and stood where she was, while Haran said : “ Paresh Babu, after all this time Sucharita now says that she does not consent to our marriage. Was it right for her to play like this with a matter of such vital importance ? Won't you, too, have to take some of the responsibility for this ugly business?” Paresh Babu stroked Sucharita's hair as he said gently : “My dear, there is no need for you to stay on, you may go." At these simple words of sympathetic understanding, the tears came rushing into Sucharita's eyes and she hurried away from the room. Paresh Babu then continued : “ It is because I feared that Sucharita had given her consent without fully understanding
her own mind that I was hesitating to grant your request about the formal betrothal.” “Does it not occur to you,” replied Haran, “ that perhaps she understood her own mind right enough when she gave her consent, but that it is her refusal which is due to her not under- standing her own mind ?” “ Both suppositions are possible," admitted Paresh Babu. “But in such a state of doubt surely no marriage can take place." “Will you not advise Sucharita in her own interest ?” “You should know that I could not advise Sucharita other- wise than in her own interest." “If that had really been the case," broke out Haran, “ then Sucharita could never have come to this pass. All that is happening in your family nowadays, I tell you to your face, is due simply to your lack of judgement.” Paresh Babu laughed slightly as he replied : “ You are quite right there,-if I do not take the responsibility for what happens in my own family, who else is to do so ?” "Well, I can assure you that you will have to repent some day,” concluded Haran. “Repentance is a gift of God's grace. I fear to do wrong, Panu Babu, but not to repent,” replied Paresh Babu. At this point Sucharita came back and taking Paresh Babu by the hand said : “ Father, it is time for your worship.” “ Panu Babu, will you wait a little ? ” asked Paresh Babu. With an abrupt“ No ” Haran at length departed. 66 WT
CHAPTER XLIII SUCHARITA was dismayed at the struggle which it now seemed she was in for, both with her own self as well as with her surroundings. Her feelings towards Gora had all this time, unknown to herself, been growing in strength, and when after his arrest they had become so clear-almost irresistible-she had no idea how it would end. She felt unable to take any- body into her confidence about it, she even shrank from facing it herself. She did not get any opportunity for the solitude in which she might have tried to end the conflict within her by some kind of compromise, for Haran had contrived to bring the angry members of their Samaj buzzing all round her. There
were even signs that he would sound the tocsin in the news- papers. Over and above this there was the problem of her aunt, which had reached such a point that unless a solution could be found very quickly, disaster was inevitable. Sucharita realised that her life had come to a crisis, and that the day for following her accustomed path and for thinking in the old habitual channel was past. Her one and only support in this time of difficulty was Paresh Babu. Not that she asked advice or counsel from him, for there was much in her thoughts about which she felt a delicacy, and something also which seemed too shameful to mention before him. It was simply his life and his companion- ship which seemed silently to draw her into the refuge of the fostering care of a father and the loving devotion of a mother. In these autumn evenings Paresh Babu did not go into the garden for his worship, but used to sit in prayer in a little room on the western side of the house. Through the open door the rays of the setting sun fell on his white hair and tranquil face, and at such times Sucharita would quietly step in and sit beside him. She felt as if her own restless and tortured heart could be quieted in the still depths of Paresh Babu's meditation. So when he opened his eyes Paresh Babu would generally find this daughter of his seated beside him—a still and silent disciple--and the ineffable sweetness in which she seemed steeped would make his blessing silently flow out to her from the very depths of his heart. Because of the union with the Supreme which Paresh Babu's life consistently sought, his mind was always turned towards what was best and truest; worldly concerns had never been able to become predominant for him. The freedom which he had himself gained in this way made it impossible for him to seek to coerce others in regard to belief or conduct. He had such a natural reliance upon goodness and such patience with the ways of the world that he often drew on himself the censure of sectarian enthusiasts. But though such censure might wound him, it never disturbed his equanimity. He often repeated to himself the thought : “I will take nothing from others' hands, but will accept all from Him." It was to get a touch of this deep tranquillity of Paresh Babu's that Sucharita nowadays used to keep going to him on various pretexts. When the conflict in her heart and the conflict all around her bid fair utterly to distract this in- experienced girl, she would feel that her mind could be filled
with peace only if she could lay her head for a while at her father's feet. She had hoped that if she could but gain the strength to bide her time in patience, the opposing forces would exhaust themselves and own defeat. But that was not fated to be, and she had been forced to venture out into unfamiliar paths. When Mistress Baroda found that it was not possible to move Sucharita from her course by her reproaches, and that there was no hope of getting Paresh Babu on her side, all her rage was turned with redoubled force upon Harimohini. The very thought of the presence in her house of this woman made her feel beside herself. On the day of the annual celebration in memory of her father, Baroda had invited Binoy to be present. The family and friends were to meet for the service in the evening, and she was busy decorating the room for the ceremony, with the help of Sucharita and her daughters. While thus engaged, Baroda happened to notice Binoy going upstairs to see Harimohini, and as the veriest trifle assumes importance when the mind is worried, this sight became in a moment so unbearable to her that she could not go on with what she was doing and felt impelled to follow Binoy to Harimohini's room, where she found Binoy already seated on the mat, chatting familiarly with Harimohini. “Look here,” burst out Baroda,“ Í don't mind your staying in this house as long as you like, and we'll look after you too, with pleasure, but let me tell you, once for all, that we can't have you keeping your idol here." Harimohini had spent all her days in a village, and her idea of the Brahmos was that they were merely a sect of Christians. How far one could safely associate with them had been the only problem of which she was aware in their connection. That they also might not care to associate with her was a view which had now gradually been borne in on her and had lately set her thinking what ought to be done in the circumstances. Mistress Baroda's plain speech made it clear that it would not do to go on thinking much longer, but that a decision had become immediately necessary. At first she thought of moving to some other lodgings in Calcutta, so that she could still occasionally see her Sucharita and her Satish; but then, she pondered, would her slender resources be enough to meet the cost of living in Calcutta ?
When, like a sudden storm, Mistress Baroda had come and gone, Binoy sat still a while with bowed head. Then Harimohini broke the silence saying: “I am thinking of going on a pilgrimage. Could any of you accompany me on the journey, my son ?” “I should be only too glad to take you along,” replied Binoy. “But it will be some days before we can get ready to start, so in the meantime will you not come and stay with my mother?” “ You little know, child,” said Harimohini, " what a burden I am. God has placed such a heavy load on my shoulders that no one can bear me. When I saw that the burden of my presence had become unbearable even in my own husband's home, I ought to have understood ! But this understanding comes with such difficulty to me. I have been wandering about all this time trying to fill the emptiness in my heart and, wherever I have been, I have carried my misfortunes with me. No more of it, my son, let me be. Why invade again some- body else's house? Let me at last take shelter at the feet of Him who bears the burden of the whole world. I cannot struggle any more,” and as she spoke, Harimohini wiped her eyes again and again. “No, no, Auntie,” said Binoy, “I cannot allow you to say that. You cannot possibly compare my mother with any- one else at all! One who has been able to dedicate all the burdens of life to God never feels it too much to carry another's sorrow. Such a one is my mother, and such also is Paresh Babu here. No, I won't hear of it. Let me first take you to my own place of pilgrimage, and then I will accompany you to yours.” * But,” said Harimohini, “surely we must inform them that we---" “Our arrival will be information enough,” interrupted Binoy,“ in fact the best of information ! ” “ Then, to-morrow morning " began Harimohini, but Binoy interrupted her again : “Why to-morrow_better to-night!” Sucharita now came to call Binoy saying: “Mother sent me to tell you that it is time for the service.” “I am afraid I can't attend it now. I've something I want to talk over with Auntie,” said Binoy. The fact was that, after what had happened, Binoy did not feel like accepting Baroda's invitation any more. It all seemed such a mockery to him.
But Harimohini became agitated and urged him to go, saying: “You can talk to me afterwards. Finish with the memorial ceremony first and then come back to me.” “ It would be better for you to come, I think,” added Sucharita. Binoy understood that if he did not attend the service he would only be assisting the revolution, which had already begun in that household, to come to a head. So he went to the room prepared for the ceremony. But his complaisance did not fully serve its purpose. Refreshments were handed round after the service, but Binoy excused himself saying: “I am afraid I have no appetite." “Small blame to your appetite, when you've just been having all kinds of dainties upstairs,'' sneered Baroda. Binoy laughingly admitted the charge. “ That's the fate of greedy people !” he said. “They lose the future by yielding to the temptation of the present.” With this he was preparing to leave, when Baroda asked him : “Going upstairs again, I suppose ?” Binoy answered with a brief “ Yes," and went out of the room, saying to Sucharita in a whisper, as he passed the door : “ Didi, come and see Auntie for a moment. She has special need of you.” Lolita was engaged in serving the guests, and at a moment when she was passing near Haran he remarked apropos of nothing : “ Binoy Babu is not here, he has gone upstairs." Lolita stopped in front of him and, looking him full in the face, said cuttingly : “I know that. But he won't depart without saying good-bye to me. Besides, I'll be going upstairs, too, as soon as I have finished with my duties here." It had not escaped Haran that Binoy had said something to Sucharita and that she had almost immediately followed him out of the room. He had just before made more than one unsuccessful attempt to draw Sucharita into conversation, and her avoidance of his overtures had been so conspicuous before all the assembled Brahmos, that he had felt thoroughly insulted. His suppressed feelings became more bitter than ever when he thus failed to bring Lolita to a due sense of her delinquency. When Sucharita came upstairs she found that Harimohini was sitting with all her belongings packed up, as if she was leaving immediately, and she asked her aunt what the matter was. Harimohini was unable to make any reply and began to
weep. “Where is Satish ?” she said at length. “ Ask him to come and see me for a moment, little mother, will you ?” Sucharita looked in perplexity at Binoy, who said: “If Auntie stays in this house, it will only make it awkward all round, so I am taking her away to my mother's.” “I am thinking of going on to some place of pilgrimage from there," added Harimohini. “It's not right for people like me to stop in any one's home. Why should other people be saddled with me always ?” This was just what Sucharita had been thinking about, all these days, and she also had come to the conclusion that it could mean nothing but insult for her aunt to stay on. So she could make no reply, and simply went and sat down beside Harimohini without speaking. It was already dark, but the lamps had not been lighted. The stars shone dimly through the misty autumn sky, and in the darkness it could not be seen which of them were weeping. Suddenly the sound of Satish's shrill voice calling “ Auntie ! Auntie ! ” could be heard from the stairs, and Harimohini got up hurriedly. " Auntie,” said Sucharita,“ you can't go anywhere to-night. To-morrow morning we shall see about it. How can you run away like this without taking leave of father properly? How hurt he would feel !”. Binoy, in his excitement at the insult offered to Harimohini by Mistress Baroda, had not thought of this. He had felt it would not do for her to stay even one more night under that roof, and he wanted to show Baroda that she need not think that Harimohini would have to endure her insults helplessly, because she had nowhere else to go to. So his one anxiety had been to get her away from there as quickly as possible. At Sucharita's words it struck him that Harimohini's relations with the Mistress were not the only ones that mattered in this home,—that it would not do to put more stress on the insult received from her than on the hospitality so generously and affectionately offered by the Master of the house, so he said : “ That is quite true. You can't go without saying good-bye to Paresh Babu.” Satish here came in shouting, “ Auntie, do you know that the Russians are going to invade India ? Won't it be fun ?” “And which side will you be on?” asked Binoy. “I am with the Russians !” said Satish. "Ah, then they need have no further anxiety," smiled Binoy.
As soon as she saw that the crisis had passed, and Binoy was himself again, Sucharita left them and slipped back down- stairs.
CHAPTER XLIV PARESH BABU was sitting alone in his little room, before going to bed, reading a volume of Emerson near the lighted lamp, and when Sucharita came in and gently drew a chair up close to him, he laid down his book and looked in her face. Sucharita could not mention the purpose for which she had come. She felt quite unable to bring up any worldly matter. She said merely : “ Father, do read to me a little.” Paresh Babu went on reading and explaining to her until it was ten o'clock. After the reading Sucharita again did not feel like talking about any troublesome subject, which might disturb her father's rest, so she was about to retire to her own room, when Paresh Babu called her back and said : “ You came to speak about your Auntie, didn't you ? ” Sucharita was astonished that he had been able to guess what was on her mind and said : “ Yes, father, but don't trouble about that to-night. We can talk about it to-morrow." But Paresh Babu made her sit down and said: “It has not escaped me that your aunt is finding it inconvenient here. I did not realise before how strongly her religious beliefs and customs would clash with your mother's habits and ideas. Now that I see how it distresses her, I feel sure your aunt, too, cannot help feeling uncomfortable about it.” “Auntie has already made ready to leave,” said Sucharita. “I knew that she would want to do that,” said Paresh Babu, “but I know too that, as her only relatives, you can- not possibly let her go homeless. So I've been thinking over the matter for some time.” Sucharita had never guessed that Paresh Babu had dis- covered the awkward position in which her aunt had been placed and was actually engaged in thinking it out. She had been very circumspect all this time, fearing lest the discovery should give him pain, and when she heard him speak in this way her eyes brimmed over with thankfulness. “I have just thought of a suitable house for her,” Paresh Babu went on. “But, I am afraid, she-she- ” stammered Sucharita. “She won't be able to afford the rent, you mean? But
why should she ? You're not going to charge her rent, are you ?" Davu. Sucharita looked at him in speechless wonder, and he laughed as he went on: “Let her live in your own house, and then she won't have to pay any rent.” This only served to mystify Sucharita still more, until Paresh Babu explained: “Don't you know that you have two houses in Calcutta ? One is yours, and the other belongs to Satish. When your father died he left some money in my care, and I lent it out at interest, and when it increased sufficiently I invested it in buying two houses in town. All these years I have been getting rent for them, which I have also laid by. The tenant of your house left a short time ago and, as it is now vacant, there will be nothing to inconvenience your aunt.” “But will she be able to live there all by herself ?” asked Sucharita. “While she has you, her own relative, why should she be alone ? ” said Paresh Babu. “ This was just what I came to speak to you about to- night," exclaimed Sucharita. “Auntie has already decided on leaving this house and I was wondering how I could let her go alone. I wanted to ask you, and will do exactly as you tell me to." “ You know the lane that runs by the side of our house ? ” observed Paresh Babu. “Well, your house is only three doors away down that lane. You can even see it from our verandah. If you are living there you won't feel deserted, for we can see you as often as if you were in the same house.” Sucharita felt an immense weight lifted from her mind, for the thought of having to leave Paresh Babu was unbearable to her, though she had begun to feel certain that her duty would compel her to do so very soon. With a heart too full for words, Sucharita remained sitting beside Paresh Babu, who also sat rapt in his own thoughts. Sucharita was his pupil, his daughter, his friend. She had become a part of his very life. Without her even his worship of God seemed incomplete. On the days when Sucharita came and joined him at his meditation it seemed to him that his devotions were more fruitful, and that as his tender affec- tion sought to lift her thoughts towards the Good, his own life too was uplifted. None of the others had ever come to him with such devotion and such single-hearted humility as did Sucharita. Just as
a flower looks towards the sky, so her whole nature turned towards him and opened into blossom. Such devoted claim cannot but evoke a corresponding response, making the full heart bend to shower its gifts like a rain-laden cloud. What could be a more wonderful opportunity than thus to be able daily to give of one's best and truest to one whose soul was open to receive. Such opportunity Sucharita had bestowed on Paresh Babu and therefore it was that his relationship with her was so deep. Now the time had arrived for the severance of their out- ward connection. The parent tree had ripened the fruit with its own life-sap and now must free it to drop off. The secret pain at his heart Paresh Babu was now offering to the Dweller within. He had been noticing for some time that the call to live her own life had come to Sucharita. He was sure that she had put by ample provision for her pilgrimage, and with it she must now fare forth on the high road of the world, to gain new experience from its joys and sorrows, from the trials she would suffer and the endeavours she would make. Go forth, my child, he was saying in his heart. It can never be that you are to remain overshadowed for ever by my guidance, or even my watchful care. God will free you from me and draw you through every kind of experience towards your final destiny,-may your life have its fulfilment in Him. And thus he dedicated to God, as a sacred offering, the Sucharita whom he had tended from childhood with all the wealth of his affection. Paresh Babu had not allowed himself to entertain any feelings of annoyance with Mistress Baroda, nor to harbour any resentment at these differences within his own family circle. He knew quite well that when the freshet suddenly begins to course through the old narrow channel, a turbulent flood arises, and that the only remedy is to let the water find its freedom over the broad fields. He could see how the grooves of tradition and habit in the life of his family had been dis- turbed by the unforeseen happenings which had centred round Sucharita, and that peace could only be gained by freeing her from all trammels and allowing her to find her own true relations with the outside world. And so he had been quietly making preparations for giving her such freedom to live her own life in harmony. They both sat without speaking till the clock struck eleven, when Paresh Babu rose, and taking Sucharita's hand in his,
drew her on to the verandah. The stars were shining in a sky which was now free from cloud, and, with Sucharita standing beside him, Paresh Babu prayed in the quietness of the night : “ Deliver us from all that is untrue and let the True shed its pure radiance over our lives.”
CHAPTER XLV Next morning when Harimohini, on taking her leave of Paresh Babu, made to him the obeisance due to an elder, he hurriedly withdrew his feet from her touch. “Don't do that to me!” he exclaimed, greatly embarrassed. Harimohini said with tears in her eyes : “I shall never, in this or any other life, be quit of my obligation to you. You have made life possible, even for an unfortunate creature like me,- no one else could have done it,-not even if they had wished to. But God is kind to you and that is why you are able to rescue even me.” Paresh Babu became quite distressed. “I have not done anything out of the ordinary,” he muttered. “All this is Sucharita's ” But Harimohini would not allow him to finish. “I know, I know," she said, “but Radharani herself is yours,—whatever she does is your doing. When her mother died, and then she also lost her father, I thought she was doomed to be un- fortunate-how could I know that God would bless her in her misfortunes ? When, after all my wanderings, I at length arrived here, and got to know you, then I understood that God could have pity even for me.” . At this moment Binoy came in and announced : “ Auntie, mother has come to fetch you." “Where is she?” exclaimed Sucharita, rising all in a flurry. "Down below with your mother," answered Binoy, where- upon Sucharita hurried away downstairs. Paresh Babu said to Harimohini : “Let me go in advance and put your new home in order for you.” When he had gone, Binoy said in astonishment : “ Auntie, I never heard of your having a house !” “I too never heard of it, my child, till to-day," said Hari- mohini. “It was known only to Paresh Babu. It seems it belongs to Radharani."
When Binoy had heard all about it he said : “I had thought that at last Binoy was going to be of some use in the world to some one, but I see that I am to be deprived of that pleasure. Up to now I have never been able to do anything, even for mother,--it is she who has always been doing things for me. For my auntie too, I can do nothing, it seems, but must be content to receive her kindness. My fate is to accept, I see, not to give ! ” After a little Anandamoyi arrived escorted by Lolita and Sucharita. Harimohini came forward to greet her, saying : “When God bestows his favours, He is not miserly about it. Didi, to-day I have got you for my own, too,” and with these words she took Anandamoyi's hand and made her sit down beside her. “ Didi,” continued Harimohini, “ Binoy can talk about nothing but you ! ” “That has been a way of his from childhood,” answered Anandamoyi with a smile; “when once he is interested in a subject he can never leave it alone. It will soon be his aunt's turn, I can assure you." “Quite true !” exclaimed Binoy. “So be warned before- hand! I have got my auntie late in life, and self-acquired, too! Since I've been cheated of her for all these years, I must make the most of her now !” Anandamoyi, looking towards Lolita, said with a meaning smile : “ Our Binoy not only knows how to get what he wants, but he also has the art of taking good care of what he gets ! Don't I know how he values all of you like some undreamt of good fortune ? I cannot tell you how happy I am that he should have come to know your people—it has made a different man of him, and he knows it!" Lolita tried to make some reply to this, but she was at a loss for words, and became so confused that Sucharita had to come to her rescue with : “ Binoy can see the good in every one, and so earns the right to enjoy the best side of his friends; that's due to his own merit, mostly.” “Mother," interposed Binoy, “ the world does not look on your Binoy as quite the interesting creature to deserve all your harping on him! I have often wanted to make this clear to you, but my vanity has stood in the way. At last I feel I cannot keep this damaging revelation back any longer. Now, mother, let us change the subject.” At this juncture Satish came up with his new puppy, bis latest acquisition, in his arms. On seeing what he carried
Harimohini shrank back in dismay, entreating him : “Satish, my dear, please take that dog away. Do, there's a darling.” " It will not hurt you, Auntie," expostulated Satish. “ It won't even go into your room. It will be quite quiet if you will just pet it a little.” Harimohini moved farther and farther away from the untouchable animal, as she kept imploring him : “No, my dear, for goodness' sake take it away!” Then Anandamoyi drew Satish towards her, dog and all, and taking the puppy in her lap, said : “So you are Satish, are you, our Binoy's friend ?” Satish saw nothing unreasonable in being called a friend of Binoy’s and said "yes" without the least diffidence. He then stood staring at Anandamoyi, who explained to him that she was Binoy's mother. Sucharita admonished her brother saying: “Mr. Chatter- box, make your pronam to mother," whereupon Satish made a shamefaced attempt at an obeisance. Meanwhile Mistress Baroda arrived on the scene and, without taking the least notice of Harimohini, asked Ananda- moyi whether she could offer her any refreshment. “I have no scruples about what I eat,” replied the latter, “ but I won't have anything now, thank you. Let Gora come back and then we'll honour your hospitality, if we may." For Anandamoyi did not like to do anything, which might be contrary to Gora's wishes, in his absence. Baroda then looked towards Binoy and said: “Oh! Binoy Babu, so you are here, too, I was not aware that you had come !" “I was just going to let you know that I'm here, with a vengeance !” answered Binoy. "Well, you gave us the slip yesterday, though an invited guest! What do you say to joining us at breakfast without an invitation ?” “ That only makes it all the more inviting,” said Binoy. “ A tip is always more jolly than the usual wages.” Harimohini was astonished at this conversation. Evidently, then, Binoy was in the habit of taking meals in this house, and over and above that, here was Anandamoyi too, who seemed to have no scruples about her caste. She was far from pleased at all this. When Baroda had left the room, she ventured to ask diffidently : “ Didi, isn't your husband ?” “My husband is a strict Hindu,” replied Anandamoyi.
Harimohini was altogether puzzled, and showed it so plainly that Anandamoyi had to explain : “ Sister, so long as society seemed to me the most important thing in the world, I used to respect its rules, but one day God revealed Himself to me in such a way that He would not allow me to regard society any more. Since He Himself took away my caste, I have ceased to fear what others may think of me." “And what of your husband ? " asked Harimohini, none the wiser for this explanation. “My husband does not like it,” said Anandamoyi. “And your children ?” “ They too are not pleased. But is my life given to me merely to please husband and children? Sister, this matter is not one which can well be explained to others. He alone understands who knows all ! ” with which Anandamoyi joined her hands in silent salutation. Harimohini thought that perhaps some missionary lady had seduced her towards Christianity, and she felt at heart a great shrinking from her.
CHAPTER XLVI LABONYA, Lolita and Lila would not leave Sucharita for a moment. And though they helped her to arrange her new home with a great show of enthusiasm, it was an enthusiasm which served only to veil their tears. All these years Sucharita, on various pretexts, had every day been doing some little service or other for Paresh Babu, arranging flowers in his room, keeping his books and papers in order, airing his clothes with her own hands, and when his bath was ready, coming to remind him about it. Neither of them had ever looked on these little things as anything special. But now that the time was fast approaching when they would come to a stop, though the same little things could as well be done by others, or even left undone, the difference that this would make kept gnawing at the hearts of both. Whenever Sucharita nowadays came into Paresh Babu's room, every little thing she did would assume immense pro- portions for both of them. Some oppression at his heart would bring forth a sigh, some pain in hers would make her eyes brim over. On the day on which it was settled that Sucharita was to
move into her new house after the mid-day meal, Paresh Babu, when he went to his room for his morning meditation, found flowers already arranged before his seat and Sucharita waiting for him. Labonya and Lila had thought of all having their prayers together that morning, but Lolita had dissuaded them, knowing how much it meant to Sucharita to be allowed to share their father's devotions, and that she must be specially feeling the need of his blessing to-day. Lolita did not want the presence of others to disturb the intimacy of the com- munion of these two. When at the close of their prayers Sucharita's tears over- flowed, Paresh Babu said: “Do not be looking back, my child. Have no hesitations, but face bravely whatever fate may have in store for you. Go forward rejoicing, ready with all your strength to choose the Good from whatever may come before you. Surrender yourself fully to God, accepting Him as your only help, and then, even in the midst of loss and error, you will be able to follow the path of the Best. But if you remain divided, offering part of yourself to God and part elsewhere, then everything will become difficult. May God so deal with you that you will no longer have any need of the little help we can give you." When they came out of the prayer-room, they found Haran waiting for them, and Sucharita, unwilling to-day to harbour any feelings of resentment, greeted him with gentle cordiality. Haran at once sat bolt upright in his chair and said in a solemn voice : “ Sucharita, this day of your backsliding from the truth which you have so long professed is indeed a day of mourning for us.” Sucharita made no answer, but the discordant note jarred on the harmony which had filled her mind. "Only one's own conscience can tell who is advancing and who is backsliding,” remarked Paresh Babu. “We often needlessly exercise ourselves, misjudging things from the outside." “Do you mean to say that you have no misgivings for the future ?” asked Haran,-“and no cause of repentance for the past ?” "Panu Babu,” replied Paresh Babu, “I never give place to imaginary fears in my mind, and as to whether anything has happened to cause repentance, that I shall know when repentance comes.” "Is it all imaginary that your daughter, Lolita, came away alone on the steamer with Binoy Babu ? ” persisted Haran.
Sucharita flushed and Paresh Babu replied : “You seem to be labouring under some excitement, Panu Babu, and it would not be doing you justice to ask you to discuss these matters in this frame of mind.” Haran tossed his head. “I never discuss anything excitedly,” he said. “I always have a due sense of responsi- bility for whatever I may say; so you need have no qualms on that score. What I said was not meant personally. I spoke on behalf of the Brahmo Samaj, and because it would have been wrong for me to remain silent. Unless you had been blind, you would have seen, from the one circumstance of Lolita travelling alone with Binoy Babu, that your family is beginning to drift away from its former safe anchorage. It is not only that it will give you cause to repent, but what is more, it will bring discredit on the Samaj.” “ If censure be your object, such outside view is enough; but if you would judge, you must enter into the matter more deeply. The happening of an event is not enough to prove the guilt of a particular person.” “ But what happens does not happen of itself,” replied Haran. “Something has gone wrong within you people which is making these things possible. You have been bringing outsiders into the family circle, who are seeking to drag it away from its traditions. Can't you see for yourself how far they have actually made you drift away ?” “I am afraid, Panu Babu, we do not see eye to eye in these matters." There was a shade of annoyance in Paresh Babu's tone. “ You may refuse to see, but I ask Sucharita herself to bear witness. Let her tell us whether Binoy's relationship with Lolita is only an external circumstance. Has it not penetrated deeply into their lives ?--No, Sucharita, it won't do for you to go away; you must answer me first. The matter is a serious one.” “No matter how serious it may be, it is none of your business !” answered Sucharita sternly. “Had that been so," said Haran, “ I would not have given the matter a thought, much less insisted on talking about it. You may not care for the Samaj, but so long as you are members, the Samaj cannot help passing its judgement on you.” Lolita suddenly rushed in from somewhere, like a veritable whirlwind, saying: “ If the Brahmo Samaj has appointed you its judge, it is better for us to be out of it altogether ! ”
“Lolita, I am glad you are here,” said Haran as he rose from his chair. “It's but right that the charge against you should be discussed in your presence.” Sucharita was really angry this time, and her eyes flashed fire as she cried : “Hold court in your own house, Haran Babu, if you will. But we shall not submit to this right, which you arrogate to yourself, of insulting people in their homes.—Come, Lolita, let us go." But Lolita would not budge. “No, Didi,” she said. “I am not going to run away. I am prepared to hear everything that Panu Babu has to say. Come, sir, what is it you were saying?” Haran being at a loss how to proceed, Paresh Babu inter- vened : “Lolita, my dear, Sucharita is leaving us to-day. We must not have any wrangling this morning.- Panu Babu, whatever our faults may have been, for this occasion you must excuse us.” Haran was reduced to solemn silence, but the more Sucha- rita showed that she would have nothing to do with him, the more obstinately did he become determined to secure her for his own. It was because he had not, even now, given up hopes of her, that Sucharita's impending departure with her orthodox aunt had made him feel desperate, knowing that he could not follow her there. So, to-day, he had come with all his deadliest weapons ready sharpened, prepared to force a decision that very morning. He had been sure that his moral shafts would go home every time. He had never dreamt that Sucharita and Lolita would make a stand with no less sharp arrows out of their own quiver. But even his disappointment at the actual turn of events had not made him downhearted. Truth-that is to say Haran -must win : was not that his motto? Of course he would have to fight for it; and he girded up his loins for a renewed struggle from that day onwards. Sucharita, meanwhile, had gone over to her aunt, and was saying to her : “ You must not mind, Auntie, if I take my meals with all of them to-day.” To this Harimohini said nothing. She had thought that Sucharita had come entirely over to orthodoxy, and moreover, now that she was so independent by right of her own property, and was to live in a separate house, Harimohini had hoped that at last they would be able to have everything their own way. She did not at all like this sudden lapse of Sucharita's, and so kept silent.
Sucharita understood what was passing in her mind, and said: “Let me assure you, Auntie, that your God will be pleased at this. He who is Lord of my heart has told me to eat together with them all to-day. If I don't obey His com- mand He will be angry, and I fear His anger more than yours.” Harimohini could not understand this at all. So long as there had been the necessity of submitting to Mistress Baroda's insults, Sucharita had joined in her orthodoxy, and shared in her humiliations. Now that the day had come for their deliverance, how was it that Sucharita did not jump at the chance ? It was clear that Harimohini had not fathomed the depth of her niece's mind-perhaps it was beyond her altogether. Though she did not actually forbid Sucharita, she felt annoyed with her. “Where did the girl get this shocking taste for impure food ?” she grumbled to herself. “And she was born in a Brahmin home too !” Then after a short silence she said aloud : “ One word, though, my dear. Do as you please about eating with them, but at least don't drink water drawn by that bearer!” “Why, Auntie !” exclaimed Sucharita. “Isn't he that very Ramdin who milks his cow for you and brings you your milk every morning ?” Harimohini's eyes opened wide in astonishment as she said : “You take my breath away, my dear! To compare water with milk,—as if the same rules apply to both !” “ All right, Auntie,” said Sucharita, laughing, “I won't take any water from Ramdin's hand to-day. But let me warn you that you had better not forbid Satish, because then he will be sure to do just the opposite.” “Oh, Satish is another matter," observed Harimohini.- Were not the stronger sex privileged to break all rules and evade all discipline, imposed even by orthodoxy ?
CHAPTER XLVII HARAN had been on the war path. About two weeks had passed since the day Lolita had accompanied Binoy on the steamer to Calcutta. A few people had already heard about it, and more had been coming to hear of it in the usual course, but now within two days the news spread like a fire in dry straw.
Haran had explained to many people how important it was to check this kind of individual misconduct, in the interests of the very structure of Brahmo family life. This did not prove a difficult task, for it is always easy to obey with alacrity the call of truth and duty, when it prompts us to contemn and punish others' transgressions. And the majority of the important members of the Samaj were not deterred by any false modesty from joining Haran with due enthusiasm in the performance of this painful duty. These pillars of the sect did not even grudge the hire of the conveyances which took them from house to house in order to proclaim the danger in which the Brahmo Samaj stood if this kind of thing were to be condoned. In addition to this, the news soon went the round—with embellishments-that Sucharita had not only turned orthodox but had taken shelter in the house of a Hindu aunt, and was spending her days in worshipping idols, making sacrifices, and indulging in all kinds of superstitious austerities. Meanwhile, after Sucharita's departure to her own home, a great struggle had been going on in Lolita's mind. Every night when she went to bed she vowed she would never own defeat, and every morning when she got up she would repeat her resolve. For it had come to this pass, that the thought of Binoy had taken complete possession of her mind. If she heard his voice in the room below, her heart would begin to beat faster. If he did not happen to call for two or three days her mind was tortured with injured pride. She would then contrive to send Satish to his friend's lodgings on various pretexts, and when Satish returned she would try to worm out of him every detail of what Binoy had said and done when he was there. ; The more uncontrollable this obsession of Lolita's grew, the more anxious did she become with the fear of impending defeat. So much so, that she sometimes even felt angry with her father because he had not put a stop to their intimacy with Binoy and Gora. Anyhow, she was now fully determined to fight to the bitter end, feeling she would rather die than admit defeat. She began to imagine all kinds of ways in which she would pass her days. She even thought that it would be quite possible for her to emulate the glories of some of the Euro- pean women of whom she had read, by devotion to a life of philanthropy. One day she went to Paresh Babu and said : “Father,
wouldn't it be possible for me to take up teaching work in some Girls' School ?” Paresh Babu looked in his daughter's face, and could see that her eyes were pleading to be saved from the hunger of her heart. He said soothingly : “Why not, my dear? But is there a suitable Girls' School ?” At this time there were not many suitable schools, for although there were one or two elementary institutions for girls, women of the upper classes had not taken to teaching work. “ Aren't there any then ?” asked Lolita with a note of despair. “Not that I know of," Paresh Babu had to admit. “ Then, father, couldn't we start one ? ” pursued Lolita. “ That would require a great deal of money, I am afraid,” said Paresh Babu, "and also many people to help.” Lolita had always thought that the difficulty was in en- couraging the desire to do good works,—she had never known before what obstacles there could be in the fulfilment of such a desire. After a short silence she got up and left the room, leaving Paresh Babu trying to fathom the cause of this pain at his beloved daughter's heart. He was suddenly reminded of the insinuation about Binoy, made by Haran the other day, and heaving a sigh he asked himself : “ Have I then indeed been acting injudiciously?” In the case of any of his other daughters it would not have mattered so much, but to Lolita her life was something very true. She could not do things by halves, and her joys and sorrows were never half real, half imaginary. That same noon Lolita went over to Sucharita's house. It was but sparingly furnished. A country-made durry covered the floor of the principal room, on one side of which her bed was spread and on the other Harimohini's; for, as her aunt did not use a bedstead, Sucharita followed her example by making her bed on the floor in the same room. On the wall hung a portrait of Paresh Babu, and in the next room, which was a small one, was Satish's bed, with books and exercises and ink- stand and pens lying scattered about in confusion on a table against the wall. Satish himself had gone to school. The house was steeped in silence. Harimohini was preparing for her siesta after her meal, and Sucharita, her loose hair hanging over her shoulders, was seated on her own bed, with a pillow on her lap, on which rested the book that she was deeply engrossed in reading. In front of her lay several other books. When she suddenly saw Lolita come into the room, Sucharita shut her book in some
confusion, but immediately her sense of shame itself got the better of her shame, and she reopened the book at the page she had been reading. These were volumes of Gora's writings. Harimohini sat up and cried : “ Come in, come in, my little mother. Don't I know how Sucharita's heart must be aching for the sight of you! She always reads those books when she is sad. I was just thinking, as I lay here, how nice it would be if one of you were to come round, and here you are! You will live long, my dear!” Lolita at once plunged into the subject which was upper- most in her mind. The moment she had sat down she said : “Suchi Didi, how would it be if we started a school for the girls of our neighbourhood ?” “ Just listen to her !” exclaimed Harimohini aghast. “What will you do with a school ?”. “How could we start one, dear ? ”asked Sucharita. “Who would help us? Have you spoken to father about it?” “ Both of us can teach, surely !” explained Lolita, “and perhaps Labonya will join us.” “ It is not only a question of teaching,” observed Sucharita. “ There'll have to be rules and regulations for managing the school; we must have a suitable house, secure pupils and collect funds. What can girls like us do about all this?” “ Didi, you mustn't talk like that !” exclaimed Lolita. “Because we have been born girls, are we to wear our hearts out within the four walls of our home? Are we never to be of any use to the world ?” The pain that was in these words found a response in Sucharita's heart. She began to revolve the matter seriously in her mind. “ There are plenty of girls in our neighbourhood,” went on Lolita. “ Their parents would be only too pleased if we offered to teach them free of charge. And, as for a house, we can easily find room for the few pupils who are likely to join at first, in this very house of yours. So the money question would not be any great difficulty.” Harimohini became thoroughly alarmed at the idea of all the strange girls of the neighbourhood invading the house for their schooling. All her efforts were concentrated on regulating her conduct and performing her religious ceremonies, accord- ing to scriptural injunctions, carefully secluded from all chance of contamination. And she was roused into making a definite protest at this danger of her seclusion being violated. Sucharita said : “You needn't be afraid, Auntie. If we
get the pupils at all, we can manage quite well to carry on our class downstairs. We won't let them come up to worry you. So, Lolita, if we can but get any pupils, I am quite ready to join you." " There's no harm in our having a good try, anyway,” said Lolita. Harimohini continued to grumble mildly, saying: “What makes you always want to do as the Christians do, my little mothers? I have never heard of Hindu gentlewomen wanting to teach in a school-never in my life !” From the roof of Paresh Babu's house a regular intercourse had been kept up with the girls on the roofs of the neighbouring houses. There was, however, one obstacle to the progress of their intimacy, and that was the surprise which the others did not hesitate to express, and the inquisitive questions which they did not refrain from asking, as to why the girls of Paresh Babu's family, who had grown so big, were not yet married. Lolita, in fact, for this reason, rather avoided these roof-to-roof conversations. Labonya, on the other hand, was the most enthusiastic member of these meetings, for she had unbounded curiosity in regard to the family histories of her neighbours. Her afternoon at homes, under the open sky, while engaged in doing her hair on the roof terrace, were well attended, and all kinds of news passed between the neighbours by aerial service. So Lolita entrusted to Labonya the task of collecting pupils for her intended school, and when the proposal was thus proclaimed from the roof-tops many of the girls showed great enthusiasm. In the meantime Lolita began to make ready the lower room of Sucharita's house, sweeping and scrubbing and decorating it with great eagerness. But the schoolroom remained empty. The heads of the neighbouring families were furious at this attempt to inveigle their daughters into a Brahmo house on the pretext of teaching them. They even regarded it as their duty to forbid their daughters to hold any further communication with Paresh Babu's girls, and not only were they thus deprived of their evening airing on the roof terrace, but had to hear a great deal about their Brahmo friends which was not exactly compli- mentary. Poor Labonya, when she now went up in the evening, comb in hand, found the neighbouring roofs peopled with the elder generation of her neighbours, with not a sign of the younger, nor of the cordial greetings which she was accustomed to receive from them.
But Lolita did not stop here. “There are quite a number of poor Brahmo girls,” she said, “who cannot afford to go to the Bethune school. It would be doing them a service if we take charge of their schooling ; ” and she not only began to look out for such pupils, but asked Sudhir to help her. The fame of Paresh Babu's daughters' accomplishments had spread far, in fact what was rumoured far surpassed the truth. So when they heard that these girls were ready to teach without taking any fees, many parents were only too delighted. In a very few days Lolita's school had made a fair start with about half a dozen pupils, and she was so busy discussing with Paresh Babu all the rules and arrangements for her school that she had not a single moment to give to her own thoughts. She even had a hot discussion with Labonya as to what kind of prizes should be given after the examination at the end of the year; and also as to who should be the examiner. Although no love was lost between Labonya and Haran, yet Labonya was under the spell of Haran's great reputation for learning, and she had not the least doubt that if he were to assist in the work of the school, whether by teaching or examining, it would add greatly to its glory. But Lolita would not hear of it. She could not bear that Haran should have any hand in this work of theirs at all. Shortly after the start, however, pupils began to dwindle, until one day the class was altogether empty. Sitting in her silent schoolroom, Lolita started at every footstep, hoping against hope that it was some pupil turning up at last, but no one came. When thus it came on to two o'clock, she felt sure that something had gone wrong, so she went off to the house of a girl who lived quite close. There she found her pupil on the brink of tears. “Mother would not let me go," she cried. “It upsets the house so," explained the mother herself, without making it at all clear what there was so upsetting about it. Lolita was a sensitive girl, and never cared to press any one in whom she saw any sign of unwillingness, nor even to ask the reason, so she merely said: “If it is not convenient, then why worry about it ? ” At the next house she went to, she heard another reason. “ Sucharita has become orthodox," they blurted out. “ She observes caste, she worships idols which are kept in the house." “ If that be the objection, we can hold the school in our own house,' suggested Lolita. But as even this did not seem to remove their objection, Lolita felt sure that there must be something more behind it.
So without going round to any other houses, she went home, sent for Sudhir, and asked him : “ Tell me, Sudhir, what is it that has really happened ?" " Panu Babu is up in arms against this school of yours," replied Sudhir. “ Why?” asked Lolita. "Is it because idols are worshipped in Didi's house, or what?” “Not only that,” began Sudhir, but stopped short. “What else is it then? ”asked Lolita impatiently. “Won't you tell me?” “Oh! It's a long story !” evaded Sudhir. “ Anything to do with my own shortcomings ?”. When Sudhir still remained silent, Lolita's face flushed angrily as she exclaimed : “My punishment for the steamer incident, I see! There's no way, then, of atoning for in- discretions in our Samaj,-is that the idea ? So I'm to be shut out from all good work in our own community! That's the kind of method you have adopted for my moral uplift and that of the Samaj, is it ?”. Sudhir tried to soften the indictment by saying: “ It's not quite that. What they are really afraid of is, lest Binoy Babu and his friend might gradually get mixed up in this school work.” This made Lolita angrier still. “ Āfraid ? ” she retorted. “Why, that would be a splendid stroke of luck for us! Do they think they could furnish us with any helpers half as competent ?” “Yes, that's true enough,” faltered Sudhir, confused by her excitement. “But then, Binoy Babu isn't- " “Isn't a Brahmo, I know,” interrupted Lolita. “So he is taboo to the Brahmo Samaj! I don't see much to be proud of in such a Samaj !”. Sucharita meanwhile had at once divined the real reason for the desertion of their school by its pupils. She had left the schoolroom without a word, and had gone upstairs to Satish to prepare him for his ensuing examination. There Lolita found her, after she came back from Sudhir, and said : “ Have you heard what has happened ?” “I have not heard anything, but I have understood, all the same,” replied Sucharita. “And must we quietly suffer all this?” asked Lolita. Sucharita took Lolita by the hand as she said : “Let us quietly suffer whatever may befall, for there is no disgrace in suffering. Haven't you seen how calmly father suffers every- thing ? "
“But Suchi Didi,” expostulated Lolita. “ It has often seemed to me that one puts a premium on evil by suffering it without protest. The proper remedy for evil is to fight against it.” “Well, what kind of fight would you put up, dear ?" inquired Sucharita. "I haven't thought about that yet,” replied Lolita. “I don't even know what I have the power to do—but something certainly must be done. Those who can attack mere girls like us, in this underhand way, are no better than cowards, no matter how great they may think themselves to be. But I am not going to take defeat at their hands, I tell you,-never ! I don't care what trouble they may put us to, for showing fight!” and she stamped her foot as she spoke. Sucharita, without giving any answer, gently stroked Lolita's hand, and then after a little said: “Lolita, dear, let us first see what father thinks about it." “ I'm just going to him," said Lolita, getting up. As she came near the door of their house, Lolita caught sight of Binoy coming out with downcast face. On seeing her he stopped awhile, as though he were debating with him- self whether to speak to her or not, and then restraining himself, he bowed towards her slightly and went off, without raising his eyes to her face. Lolita felt as if her heart had been pierced by burning arrows, and entering the house hurriedly, she went straight to her mother's room. There she found Mistress Baroda sitting at the table and apparently trying to give her mind to an account-book which lay open before her. Baroda was quick to take alarm at sight of Lolita's face, and her glance at once fell back on her accounts, the study of which she pursued with such zeal that it appeared as if the family solvency entirely depended on their being properly balanced. Lolita drew a chair up to the table and sat down, but still her mother did not look up. At last Lolita called her : “ Mother!” “ Wait a moment, child,” complained Baroda, “ can't you see I am- " and she bent lower over her figures. “I'm not going to disturb you for long,” said Lolita. “I just want to know one thing. Has Binoy Babu been here ?" Without lifting her eyes from the account-book, Mistress Baroda said: “Yes." “ What did you say to him ?” “Oh, that's a long story.”
“I only want to know whether you talked about me or not,” persisted Lolita. Seeing no means of escape, Baroda threw down her pen and, looking up, said : “ Yes, child, we did ! Haven't I seen that things have gone too far-every one in the Samaj is talking about it, so I had to give him a warning.” Lolita flushed all over with the shame of it, and the blood mounted to her head. “Has father forbidden Binoy Babu to come here any more ?” she asked. “Do you think he bothers his head about all these matters?” replied Baroda. “If he had done so, all this need never have happened.” “And is Panu Babu to be allowed to come here just the same?” pursued Lolita. “Just listen to her! Why shouldn't Panu Babu come ?” exclaimed Mistress Baroda. “ Then why shouldn't Binoy Babu too ?” Mistress Baroda drew the account-book towards her again, and said : “Lolita, I can't argue with you! Don't worry me now, I've got such a lot of work to get through.” Baroda had taken the opportunity of Lolita's absence at her school during the middle of the day to call Binoy to her and give him a piece of her mind. Lolita would never know anything about it, she had thought, so sbe was now thoroughly upset to find that her little stratagem had been discovered. She realised that the peaceful solution she had tried to bring about was no longer in sight,-rather greater trouble loomed ahead. But all her anger was directed towards that irresponsible husband of hers. What a plight for a woman to have to keep house with such a dunderhead! Lolita went away with a devastating storm raging in her heart. Going downstairs she found Paresh Babu writing letters in his room, and without any preliminary she asked him point-blank : “ Father, is Binoy Babu not worthy of mixing with us?” Paresh Babu immediately understood the situation. He had not been unaware of the agitation against his family which was taking place in their Samaj, and he had been giving serious thought to the matter. Had he not suspected the nature of Lolita's feelings towards Binoy, he would not have taken the least notice of what outsiders were saying. But if love for Binoy had grown in Lolita's heart, then, he asked him- self again and again, what was his duty towards them? This was the first time a crisis had occurred in his family
since he had openly left orthodoxy to embrace Brahmoism. So that, while on the one hand apprehensions and misgivings assailed him from all sides, on the other, his conscience, roused to alertness, was warning him that just as when leaving his original religion he had looked to God alone, now in this time of trial he should once again place the truth above all social or prudential considerations, and therewith win through. So, in answer to Lolita's question, Paresh Babu said: “I regard Binoy as a very fine man indeed. His character is excellent, and he is as cultured as he is clever." “ Gour Babu's mother has been to see us twice within the last few days,” said Lolita, after a brief silence. “So I was thinking of taking Suchi Didi along to return her call.” Paresh Babu was unable to give an answer immediately, for he knew that at such a time, when every movement of theirs was being discussed, such a visit would only add to the scandal that surrounded them. But, so long as he saw nothing wrong in it, he felt he could not forbid it, so he said : “ All right, you two go along. I would have come too, if I had not been so busy.'
CHAPTER XLVIII Binoy had never in his dreams imagined that his coming and going so thoughtlessly, like a guest and friend, to Paresh Babu's house, would be the cause of such an active volcanic eruption in their society. When he had first gone there he had felt a certain shyness, and because he was not sure to what limits he had the right to go he always walked circum- spectly. But gradually as his timidity decreased, it never even occurred to him that there was the least fear of danger, and now that he heard for the first time that his conduct had given rise in the Brahmo Society to scandal about Lolita, he was thunderstruck. He was above all distressed because he was well aware that his feeling for Lolita far exceeded that of ordinary friendship, and in the present state of society he regarded it as a crime to entertain such feelings where there was such a difference of social customs. He had often thought that it was difficult for him to define his exact position as a trusted guest of that family. In one particular he had felt that he was a fraud, and that if he made his real feelings clear to them all it would be a matter to be ashamed of.
It was while his feelings were in this state that one day he received a note from Bordashundari asking him to come specially at noon to see her. When he arrived she asked him : “ Binoy Babu, you are a Hindu, aren't you?” and when he admitted the fact he was asked the further question : “You are not ready to leave the Hindu society are you?” To this he replied that he was not, whereupon Bordashundari said : “Then why do you— ?” To this half-finished question Binoy was unable to give any definite answer, but he sat with his face averted, feeling as if he had at last been found out. Some- thing which he had wanted to keep secret even from the sun, and moon, and the air was then known to every one here! He could only think to himself: “What does Paresh Babu think about it, what does Lolita think about it, and what does Sucharita think of me?" By some angel's blunder he had found a place in this heaven for a short time and now, so soon after entering it, he must be banished for ever with his head bowed in shame. And then, when he had seen Lolita just as he was leaving Paresh Babu's house, for a moment he thought that at this last parting from her he would destroy completely every vestige of their former friendship by confessing to her his grave fault-but he could not think how he was to do it—so instead he bowed slightly without looking in her direction and went off. Only a short time ago Binoy had been to Paresh Babu's family an outsider, and now again he stood there—an outsider. But what a difference! Why did he feel to-day such a void ? In his life before he had seemed to lack nothing—he had his Gora and his Anandamoyi. But now he felt like a fish out of water, and whichever way he turned he could find no support. In the midst of that crowded highway of the busy city he saw everywhere a pale and shadowy image of ruin menacing his own life. He was surprised himself at this widespread and barren emptiness, and he asked again and again from the heart- less and unanswering sky why this had happened and when, and how it had become possible. Suddenly he heard some one calling : “Binoy Babu ! Binoy Babu!” and looking round he saw Satish running after him. Catching him in his arms, Binoy exclaimed : “Well, my little brother! What is it, my friend ?” but there were tears in his voice as he spoke, for he had never realised, as he did to-day, what sweetness there was in his relationship with this boy of Paresh Babu's household.
“Why don't you come to our house?” asked Satish. “ To-morrow Labonya and Lolita Didi are coming to dinner with us, and Auntie has sent me to invite you too." Binoy understood from this that Auntie had not heard the news, so he said : “Satish Babu, give Auntie my pronams, but tell her that I shall not be able to go.” Satish caught hold of Binoy's hand and begged him, saying : “ Why can't you come ? You must come, for we will not let you off no matter for what.” Now Satish had a special reason for his eagerness. At his school he had been given an essay to write on “Kindness towards Animals,” and he had been given forty-two marks out of fifty for it, so he was very anxious to show it to Binoy. He knew that his friend was a very wise and learned person, and he had made up his mind that a man of such good taste as Binoy would certainly be able to appreciate the true value of his writing. And if once Binoy could be got to confess the excellence of his essay, then the unappreciative Lilla could be looked down upon with contempt if she ventured to express disrespect for his genius. It was he in fact who had induced his Auntie to send the invitation, for he wanted his sisters to be present when Binoy gave out his opinion about the essay. On hearing that it would be quite impossible for Binoy to come, Satish became greatly downcast, so Binoy put his arm round his neck and said : “ Come, Satish, come home with me.” As Satish had his essay in his pocket, he was not able to refuse this invitation, so this boy in search of literary fame went to Binoy's house in spite of the fact that he would be wasting precious time with the school examinations so near at hand. Binoy seemed as if he could not let the boy go, and not only did he listen to the essay, but praised it with a lack of dis- crimination which was hardly in keeping with sound principles of criticism. Over and above that he sent to the bazaar for some sweetmeats and plied Satish with refreshments. He then accompanied the boy nearly to Paresh Babu's door, and said with somewhat unnecessary confusion as he was part- ing from him : “ Well, Satish, I must be going now.” But Satish seized hold of his hand and tried to drag him in, saying : “No, no, you must come into the house ! ” To-day, however, his importunity bore no fruit. Binoy walked as though in a dream to Anandamoyi's house, but as she was not to be seen, he entered the solitary room on
the roof where Gora had been in the habit of sleeping. How many happy days and nights had they spent together in that room during the years of their boyhood's friendship! What joyous talks, what resolutions, what serious discussions ! What friendly quarrels they had had there, and with what affection these quarrels had terminated! Binoy wanted to enter this realm of his early days and to forget the present -but these newly-made acquaintances stood as obstacles across the path-somehow they would not allow him to enter. Up to now Binoy had not realised clearly when the centre of his life had shifted and when its direction had changed- now that he understood all without any doubts, he was afraid. Anandamoyi had put out her cloth to dry on the roof, and when she came up to fetch it at midday she was surprised to see Binoy in Gora's room. Going up to him quickly, she put her hand on his shoulder and asked : “ What is the matter, Binoy? Whatever has happened to make you look so pale ?” Binoy sat up and said : “Mother, when first I used to go to Paresh Babu's house Gora used to get angry with me. At that time I used to think his anger was wrong—but it was not his anger that was wrong but my own stupidity." Anandamoyi laughed slightly as she said : “I don't say that you are a specially intelligent boy, but I would like to know what was wrong with your intelligence in this particular instance ?” “Mother," replied Binoy, “I never for a moment con- sidered the complete difference there is in our social customs. I merely thought what pleasure and profit I obtained from their example, and friendship, and was drawn to them for that reason. It never occurred to me for an instant that I had any other cause for anxiety!” “ On hearing what you have said,” interposed Anandamoyi, “it would never have occurred to me either.” “Mother, you do not know," said Binoy, “ that I have raised a regular storm about them in their society-people have made such a scandal about it that never again can I go to their--" “ Gora used repeatedly to say something," interrupted Anandamoyi, “ which I always thought very true. He says the worst possible thing that can happen is for there to be out- ward peace where there is an inner wrong. If there is a storm in their Samaj, then there is no need to feel any regret about it that I can see. You will find that good will come out of it. So long as your own conduct has been sincere it will be all right.”
wy. That was just where Binoy felt there was a hitch. He was not at all sure whether his own conduct had been entirely blameless or not. Seeing that Lolita belonged to a different society from his and marriage with her was therefore impossible, Binoy felt as though his love for her were like a secret sin, and he was tortured at the thought that now the time had come for the inevitable penance. “Mother," Binoy exclaimed impulsively, “it would have been better if that proposal for me to marry Soshimukhi had been carried out. I ought to be kept by some strong bond to the place where I really belong-I ought to be bound in such a way that I could never break away.” “In other words,” laughed Anandamoyi, “instead of making Soshimukhi your bride you want to make her your chain ! What a fate for Soshi !” At this moment the servant came in with the news that Paresh Babu's daughters had called. On hearing this announce- ment Binoy's heart began to beat fast, for he made sure that they had come to complain to Anandamoyi about him and to ask her to warn him to be careful. He stood up hastily, and said : “ Then I must be going, mother.” But Anandamoyi took his hand and said : “Don't leave the house altogether, Binoy. Wait a little downstairs." As he went downstairs Binoy kept saying to himself : “ This is quite superfluous on their part. What has taken place can't be helped, but I would sooner die than go to their house again. When the punishment for a sin once begins to burn like a fire, even when it has burned the sinner to a corpse, it does not want to be extinguished.” As he was about to enter the room downstairs in which Gora used to sit, Mohim came in on his way back from his office, with the buttons of his chapkan undone so as to give more freedom to his swelling girth. “Well, well, so here is Binoy !” exclaimed Mohim as he took Binoy by the hand. “Why, I have been wanting to see you." And he took Binoy into the room and offered him a betel leaf from the pan box which he carried. “ Bring some tobacco," he shouted, and then plunged straight into the business he had in mind, asking : “ That matter was practically settled, wasn't it? So now He saw at once that Binoy's attitude was not so antagon- istic as before. Not that he showed very great enthusiasm, but there was no sign of his trying to waive the question in any way, and when Mohim wanted to settle the date definitely,
Binoy said : “Let Gora come back and then we can decide the day.” “ That will be only a few days !” exclaimed Mohim in a satisfied tone, and he added : “ What do you say to having some refreshments, Binoy? You are looking quite washed out to-day. I hope you're not going to be ill !” When Binoy had succeeded in extricating himself from the danger of refreshments, Mohim departed inside the house to satisfy the pangs of his own hunger, while Binoy began to turn over the pages of the first book he picked up from Gora's table. Then he threw the book down and began pacing up and down the room, until a servant appeared saying that he was wanted upstairs. “Who is wanted ?” asked Binoy. “ You are,” replied the servant. “ Are they all upstairs?” asked Binoy. “ Yes," answered the servant. Binoy followed the man upstairs with a face like that of a student called to the examination room. He hesitated a little at the door, but Sucharita called out to him in her usual frank and friendly voice : “ Come in, Binoy Babu !” and on hearing her speak in such a tone Binoy felt as though he had suddenly been presented with unexpected wealth. When he entered the room both Sucharita and Lolita were astounded at his appearance, for he already bore traces of the shock that this harsh and unexpected blow had been to him, and his usually bright and happy face was quite devastated. Though Lolita felt pained and touched at the sight, yet she was unable to disguise some feeling of joy. On any other day Lolita would not have found it easy to begin talking to Binoy--but to-day the moment he entered the room she exclaimed : “Oh, Binoy Babu, we have some- thing we want to consult you about!” These words were to Binoy like a sudden shower of joy, and he started with pleasure, and in an instant his pale sad face became radiant. “We three sisters,” went on Lolita, “want to start a small Girls' School.” “Why,” exclaimed Binoy enthusiastically, “ for a long time it has been a dream of my life to start a Girls' School!” “You will have to help us in this matter,” said Lolita. “You won't find me neglectful in anything that I am capable of doing,” said Binoy. “But you must tell me what you want me to do.”
“ The Hindu guardians,” explained Lolita, “ do not trust us because we are Brahmos. So you will have to help us in this difficulty.” “Oh, you needn't have any anxiety on that score," ex- claimed Binoy excitedly, “I shall be able to manage all right." "That he will be able to do I know," added Anandamoyi. “ Binoy hasn't his equal for winning people over by the charm of his persuasive words." Lolita went on : “ You will have to advise us how the School regulations should be worded, how the time should be divided, and what subjects should be taught, and how many classes there should be, and all that sort of thing." Although these matters would be easy enough for Binoy, somehow he felt bewildered. Was Lolita entirely ignorant of the fact that Bordashundari had forbidden him to mix with them any more, and that there was a regular agitation against them going on in their Samaj ? He was perplexed by the ques- tion as to whether it would be wrong for him, or injurious to Lolita, if he agreed to her proposal, and yet had he the strength of mind to refuse a request of Lolita's to help her in a charitable work ? Sucharita also on the other hand was equally astonished. She had never so much as dreamt that Lolita would suddenly make such a request to Binoy. Already her relationship with Binoy was complicated enough, and now there was this un- expected affair. That Lolita, knowing everything, should make such a proposal of her own free will made Sucharita frightened. She realised that Lolita's mind was in revolt, but was it right for her to involve the unfortunate Binoy still further ? So Sucharita said somewhat anxiously : “We must discuss this matter with father first, so don't be too elated, Binoy Babu, at your appointment as Inspector of Girls' Schools.” From this remark Binoy saw that Sucharita was trying tact- fully to check the proposal, and began to have still further misgivings. Seeing clearly enough that Sucharita knew all about the difficulty that had arisen in the family circle it was not conceivable that Lolita was ignorant of it. Why then did Lolita— ? but it was all a puzzle. “Of course we must talk to father about it," assented Lolita. “Now that Binoy Babu has expressed his willingness to help us we can tell him. He will raise no objection I am sure. We'll make him help us in the School as well, and you too,” looking towards Anandamoyi, “ will not be let off.”
“ Certainly, I will be able to sweep your schoolroom," laughed Anandamoyi. “I can't think of anything else that I am capable of doing.” “ That will be more than enough, mother !” said Binoy. “ Then at least our School will be absolutely clean!” When Sucharita and Lolita had gone Binoy started walking towards the Eden Gardens, and after his departure Mohim went to Anandamoyi and said: “I see that Binoy has become much more amenable, so it would be a good thing to get the matter settled quickly. Who knows when he will change his mind again !” “What do you say !” exclaimed Anandamoyi in astonish- ment. “Since when has Binoy become willing again ? He never said anything to me about it.” “Why, he spoke to me about it only to-day," answered Mohim. “He said that the day could be fixed when Gora came home.” Anandamoyi shook her head and said: “No, Mohim, you misunderstood him, I assure you." “However dull my intellect may be,” expostulated Mohim, “I'm old enough to understand the meaning of plain language. I'm sure of that." “My child,” said Anandamoyi, “ I know you will be angry with me, but I see that you are only going to make trouble over this.” “ If you want to make trouble,” said Mohim with a serious face, “ then of course trouble will come.” “Mohim, I can bear whatever you say to me no matter what it is,” said Anandamoyi, “but I can't give my consent to what can only cause trouble--it is for the good of all of you that I say this." “If only,” replied Mohim rather harshly, “ you would leave the question of what is good for us, for us to settle our- selves, you wouldn't have to listen to any complaints, and perhaps it would be the best for all in the long run. What do you say to leaving the matter of what is best for us till after Soshimukhi is safely married ?" To this Anandamoyi gave no reply; she only heaved a sigh while Mohim, taking his pan box from his pocket, went out chewing the inevitable betel leaf.
CHAPTER XLIX Going to Paresh Babu Lolita said : “ Because we are Brahmos no Hindu girls want to come and be taught by us, so I have been thinking that it would be a good thing for the work if we could get some Hindu to help in it. What do you think, father?” " Where can you find any one from amongst the Hindus?" asked Paresh Babu. Lolita had come to her father girded for the difficult task of mentioning Binoy's name, but when it came to the point she suddenly felt shy. However, making a great effort, she said: “Why should it be so difficult? There are plenty of suitable people. There is Binoy Babu—or— " This use of the word “or” was quite superfluous-it was in fact a prodigal use of it, and her sentence remained un- completed. “Binoy !” exclaimed Paresh Babu. “But why should Binoy be willing ?” Lolita's pride received a blow at this remark. Binoy Babu unwilling ! Did he not know that Lolita at least had the power of making him willing ? She only said: “There's no reason why he should not be.” After a short silence Paresh Babu said: “When he has looked at it from every point of view he will never agree to help.” Lolita fushed deeply, and began to rattle the bunch of keys that was tied to her sari. Paresh Babu's heart was pained as he watched his daughter's troubled face, but he could not think of any word of consolation. After a little time Lolita looked up slowly, and said : “ Then, father, is this school of ours going to be impossible after all ?” “I see at present all kinds of difficulties," said Paresh Babu. “ If you try you will only raise all sorts of unpleasant criticisms.” Nothing could be more painful to Lolita than for her to have finally to accept this wrong in silence and for Haran Babu to be victorious, and she would not for a moment have taken the order for retreat from any one else than her father. She herself was not afraid of any unpleasantness, but how was she to bear what was wrong? Quietly she got up and went away. When she got to her own room she found a letter waiting
for her, and from the handwriting she saw that it was from an old school friend named Shailabala, who was now married and living at Bankipure. In the course of the letter she wrote : “My mind has been much disturbed by many rumours which I have heard con- cerning you all, and I have been thinking of writing to you for news for a long time, but have not found time. But the day before yesterday I had a letter from some one (whose name I will not mention) which contained news about you which dumbfounded me. In fact, I should find it almost impossible to believe if it were not for the trustworthy character of the one who wrote it. Is it possible that you are contemplating marriage with some Hindu young man ? If this is true etc., etc. Lolita became hot with indignation, and without waiting a moment she sat down to write her answer, which was to the following effect : “It astonishes me that you should write to ask me whether the news is true or not. Have you so little faith that you have to test the truth of a statement made by a member of the Brahmo Samaj ? Further than that you tell me that you are thunderstruck at being told that I am likely to marry some Hindu young man ! But let me assure you that there are certain well-known pious young men of the Brahmo Samaj the very thought of marrying whom would fill me with appre- hension, and I know one or two young Hindus to whom it would be a matter of pride for any Brahmo girl to be married. I have not anything more that I specially want to write to you just now.” As for Paresh Babu he gave up all his work for that day, and sat in deep thought for a long time. Then at length he went to see Sucharita, who was quite alarmed on seeing the troubled expression of his face. She knew what it was that was causing him anxiety, for she herself had for several days been thinking over the same problem. Going with Sucharita into her lonely room and sitting down, Paresh Babu said : “Mother, the time has come to think seriously about Lolita.” “I know that, father,” answered Sucharita, looking tenderly towards him. “I'm not thinking of the scandal in our society,” said Paresh Babu, “ I was wondering-well, is Lolita - Seeing Paresh Babu hesitate, Sucharita tried to express clearly what was in her own mind, and said : “ Lolita always
used to speak to me quite freely about what she thought, but lately I have noticed that she has not been so open. I under- stand well enough that--" “Lolita has got a burden on her mind of such a nature,” interrupted Paresh Babu, “ that she doesn't want to acknow- ledge it even to herself. I am perplexed as to what is the best course to take—what do you think, have I been injuring her by allowing Binoy to come and go freely in our home?' “ Father, you know that there is no fault in Binoy Babu,” said Sucharita, “his character is spotless-in fact, I have seen very few natures like his amongst the educated people of our acquaintance.' * You are right, Radha, you are quite right !” exclaimed Paresh Babu eagerly, as if he had just discovered a new truth. “It is to the goodness of his character that we should look- that is what God also looks to. That Binoy is a good man, and that we have made no mistake in that, is a matter to thank God for.” Paresh Babu breathed freely again feeling that he was delivered from some snare. He was never unjust to his God, and he accepted the scales with which God weighed men as being the scales of eternal truth, and because he had not mixed false weights fabricated by his own society he had no feeling of self-reproach. He was only astonished at himself that he had suffered so much simply from not having for so long understood so obvious a fact. He placed his hand on Sucharita's head and said: “To-day, mother, I have learnt a lesson from you!” Sucharita immediately touched his feet and exclaimed : “No! No! What are you saying, father?” “ Sectarianism,” said Paresh Babu, “is a thing which makes people entirely forget the simple and obvious truth that man is man-it creates a kind of whirlpool in which the society-made distinction between Hindu and Brahmo assumes greater importance than universal truth-all this time I have been vainly whirled round in this eddy of falsity.” “ Lolita is not able to give up her determination to start a Girls' School,” went on Paresh Babu after a pause. “She wanted me to agree to her asking Binoy to help her in it." “No, no, father,” exclaimed Sucharita, “wait a little first!” The picture of Lolita's distressed look as she had left him, after he had discouraged her proposal of seeking help from Binoy, arose before him and gave him intense pain. He
knew well that his spirited daughter was not feeling so much troubled at the wrong done her by their society as at being prevented from declaring war against that wrong, more especially when it was her father that prevented her. He was therefore eager to change his attitude on the subject, so he said : “Why, Radha, why should we wait?” “Because otherwise mother will be vexed,” answered Sucharita. Paresh Babu saw that she was right, but before he could answer Satish came in and whispered something to Sucharita, to which she replied: “No, Mr. Chatterbox, not now! To- morrow will do!" “But to-morrow I have to go to school," pouted Satish, crestfallen. “ What is it, Satish, what do you want ? ” asked Paresh Babu with an affectionate smile. “Oh, it's one of Satish's _” Sucharita was beginning, when Satish stopped her hastily by putting his hand over her mouth, and expostulated : “No, no, don't tell him! Don't tell him!” “If it's a secret why should you be afraid of Sucharita telling ?” asked Paresh Babu. “No, father,” said Sucharita, “ he's really very anxious for you to hear this secret." “ Never, never !” shouted Satish as he ran away. The fact was that Binoy had praised his essay so highly that he had promised to show it to Sucharita, and it is super- fluous to add that the reason he had reminded her in Paresh Babu's presence was clear enough to Sucharita. Poor Satish had not realised that in this world the object of his most secret thoughts could be ascertained so easily.
CHAPTER L Four days later Haran Babu called on Bordashundari with a letter in his hand. Nowadays he had given up all hope of influencing Paresh Babu. Handing the letter to Bordashundari, Haran Babu re- marked : “From the first I have been trying to warn you to be careful! You were even displeased with me for doing so. Now you will be able to see from this letter how far things have
gone behind the scenes,” and he handed her the letter which Lolita had written in answer to her friend Shaila bala. When she had finished reading it, Bordashundari exclaimed: “How could I have foreseen this, tell me! I could never have even dreamt of this happening. But let me tell you that you cannot lay the blame on me for this. You have all conspired together and turned Sucharita's head by your chorus of praises of her goodness—there was no girl to compare with her in the whole Brahmo Samaj-now it is for you to check the doings of this ideal Brahmo girl of yours. It was my husband who brought Binoy and Gor Babu to our home, and although I did my best to guide Binoy to our way of thinking, that busi- ness of his “ Auntie,' who was brought from somewhere into our house, began, and idol-worship was started, and now Binoy has been so completely spoilt that he runs away at the sight of me. Sucharita is at the root of all these troubles that are happening. I always knew what kind of a girl she was—but I never spoke about it; I actually brought her up in such a way that no one would have known she was not my own child. And now this is what I get for it all! It is useless for you to have shown me this letter-you must do whatever you think best now!” Haran Babu generously acknowledged his regret and con- fessed quite candidly that he had at one time totally mis- understood Bordashundari. At length Paresh Babu was called. “Just look at this !” exclaimed Bordashundari, throwing the letter down on the table before him. After reading the letter carefully twice, Paresh Babu looked up, and said : “ Well, what of it?” “What of it, indeed !” repeated Bordashundari angrily. “ What more do you want? What further proof is lacking ? You've allowed the worship of idols, observance of caste, practically everything. There's only one thing wanting now, and that is for you to marry one of your girls into a Hindu family! After that I suppose you will do penance and enter the Hindu society yourself—but let me tell you--" “You need not tell me anything,” said Paresh Babu with a slight laugh. “ The time for telling me has not come yet! The real question is why you have all made up your mind that Lolita intends to marry into a Hindu family. There is nothing in this letter to make you say so, at least nothing that I can see." “Up to now I have never been able to discover what can
open your eyes,” exclaimed Bordashundari impatiently. “If only you had not been so blind from the very start all this would never have happened. Tell me, what could any one write that is plainer than this letter ?” “I think perhaps," interposed Haran Babu," that we ought to ask Lolita herself to explain what she meant by this letter. I can inquire from her if I have your permission." But before anything further could be said Lolita herself came rushing into the room in a regular storm saying: “Father, just look at that! It is from our Brahmo Samaj that such anonymous letters are coming!” Paresh Babu read the epistle handed to him, and saw that it was full of abuse and advice of various kinds which the writer, taking for granted that her marriage with Binoy had been secretly settled, thought fit to inflict upon Lolita. In addition to this, the writer imputed evil motives to Binoy, and said that he would soon get tired of his Brahmo wife and, forsaking her, would marry again into a Hindu family. Haran Babu took the letter from Paresh Babu and when he had read it he turned to Lolita with the words : “ Lolita, this letter has made you angry, but are you not yourself the cause of such a letter being possible ? Tell us how you yourself could write such a letter as this which is in your own hand- writing!” “So it is with you that Shaila has been corresponding about me, is it?” asked Lolita after a momentary surprise. Haran Babu evaded answering plainly, but said : “Re- membering her duty to the Brahmo Samaj she was bound to send your letter to me.” “ Tell me once and for all what the Brahmo Samaj wants to say,” said Lolita, standing firmly before him. “ This rumour that is current throughout our Samaj,” explained Haran Babu, “ in regard to you and Binoy Babu, is one which I for my part do not credit, but I would like to hear a denial from your own lips.” With blazing eyes Lolita answered him, placing her tremb- ling hands on the back of a chair. She said: “And why, tell me, do you find it impossible to credit it?” “Lolita," said Paresh Babu, placing his hand on her shoulder, “ you are too excited just now to discuss this matter, you can talk to me about it later. Let us drop the subject for the present.” " Don't try, Paresh Babu, to hush the matter up now that we have begun it !” interposed Haran Babu.
At this remark Lolita became still more angry, and she exclaimed: “Father hush it up indeed! Father is not like you people, afraid of the truth, let me tell you that he knows truth to be greater even than your Brahmo Samaj! I can assure you that I see nothing either wrong or impossible in my marrying Binoy!” "But has he decided to be initiated in the Brahmo religion?” inquired Haran Babu. " Nothing has been decided,” said Lolita, “and as for his being initiated as a Brahmo what need is there for that?” Up to now Bordashundari had been silent- her wish being that to-day Haran Babu should be the victor, and that Paresh Babu would be bound to confess his fault and show repentance. But she could not contain herself at this, and she joined in, saying : “ Lolita, are you mad? What are you saying?” “No, mother,” answered Lolita, “ I'm not mad—what I am saying I say after due consideration! I refuse to be hedged round on all sides like this—I am determined to be free from this society of Haran Babu and his set !” “You, I suppose, call unrestraint freedom !” said Haran Babu sarcastically. “No," replied Lolita, “ liberty for me means freedom from the slavery of falsehood, and from the attacks of meanness. Where I see nothing wrong or contrary to my religion why should the Brahmo Samaj interfere, and put obstacles in my way?” With a display of arrogance Haran Babu turned on Paresh Babu with the words: “ There, you see, Paresh Babu! I always knew that in the end it would lead to something of this kind! I did my best to warn you but without any result!” “Look here, Panu Babu,” said Lolita. “I have one warning to give you-do not have the conceit to offer your advice to people who are far greater than you in every respect," and with this parting thrust she left the room. “See what a fuss !” exclaimed Bordashundari; “now let us consider what should be done!” “We shall have to do our duty," said Paresh Babu,“ but we can't find out what our duty is in such a disturbed atmo- sphere. You will have to excuse me, but I can't discuss this matter now, I want to be left alone for a little.”
On hearing what had happened Sucharita began to think that Lolita had made a fine muddle of everything, and after remain- ing silent for a little, she said, putting her arm round Lolita's neck : “ Sister, dear, but this makes me feel afraid !” " What are you afraid of ?” asked Lolita. “ Such a to do is being made throughout the Brahmo Samaj,” said Sucharita, “but supposing after all Binoy Babu is unwilling!” “He will be willing," said Lolita with assurance, though her face was lowered. “You know," went on Sucharita, “mother has been encouraged by Panu Babu to hope that Binoy would never consent to this marriage when it would mean his leaving his own society. Lolita, why didn't you think well of all the difficulties before you spoke like that to Panu Babu ?” “You needn't think that I am sorry I spoke!” cried Lolita. “ If Panu Babu and his party think that by driving me to the edge of the ocean like a hunted animal they will be able to capture me there, they will soon find out their mistake. He doesn't know that I'm not afraid of jumping into the sea, and that I would sooner do that than fall into the jaws of his pack of yelping hounds.” “Let us consult father about it,” suggested Sucharita. “I can assure you,” answered Lolita, "that father will never join forces with the hunters. He has never wanted to keep us in fetters. Has he ever shown any anger towards us when our opinions differed from his, or tried to limit our freedom by appealing to us in the name of the Brahmo Samaj? How often mother has been annoyed with him for this, but father's only fear for us was lest we should lose the power of thinking for ourselves. After he has brought us up like this do you imagine he will in the end surrender us into the hands of a gaol superintendent of the Samaj like Panu Babu ?” “Very well,” observed Sucharita, “and supposing father offers no objection, what do you propose to do then ? ” “If none of you will do anything, then I will myself—_" began Lolita, but Sucharita interrupted her anxiously: “No, no, my dear, you will not have to take any steps! I have thought of a plan.” That evening just as Sucharita was preparing to go round to see Paresh Babu he himself called at her house. It was his
habit at this time to walk up and down in the garden alone with his head bowed in thought-it was as if he were smoothing out from his mind all the creases of the day's work in the pure darkness of evening and preparing himself for the night's rest by storing up in his heart deep draughts of unsullied peace. To-night when he entered Sucharita's room with a careworn face, having sacrificed the peace of his lonely evening meditation, Sucharita felt her affectionate heart touched with a pain like that of a mother who sees her child, who ought to be playing happily, lying still and silent in pain and sickness. “ You have heard everything, I suppose, Radha ?” asked Paresh Babu. “Yes, father,” replied Sucharita, “ I've heard. But why are you so anxious?" "I'm only worried about one thing," answered Paresh Babu, “and that is whether Lolita will be able to bear the brunt of this storm which she has raised. In the face of excitement a blind pride obscures our minds, but when one by one the fruits of our actions begin to ripen the strength to bear the consequences of our acts vanishes. Having thought well of the consequences of her own actions, has Lolita decided what is the best course for her to follow ?”. “I can tell you for certain one thing,” answered Sucharita, “and it is that Lolita will never be overcome by any penalties which society may see fit to inflict upon her.” “I only want to be sure,” explained Paresh Babu," that Lolita is not merely showing this spirit of revolt in a moment of anger." "No, father,” said Sucharita, looking down, “ if that had been the case I would never have listened to her for a moment. What she had been thinking quite seriously for a long time came out fully when she received a sudden blow! For a girl like Lolita it will never do now to try and check her. Besides that, father, Binoy Babu is such a good man.” “ But is Binoy ready to become a member of the Brahmo Samaj ?” asked Paresh Babu. “That I can't say for certain," replied Sucharita. “What do you say to our going to see Gor Babu's mother once ?” “I had been thinking myself that it would be a good thing if you went,” assented Paresh Babu.
From Anandamoyi's house Binoy used to go to his lodgings every morning, and one day on reaching his room he found a letter awaiting him. The letter was an anonymous one, and contained a considerable amount of advice as to the un- desirability of Binoy marrying Lolita. It was pointed out that not only would Binoy himself be unhappy in the match but that it would be a disaster for Lolita also. If however Binoy still persisted, in spite of these warnings, in contem- plating the marriage, it would be well for him to consider the fact that Lolita's chest was weak and the doctors had even suspected phthisis. Binoy was dumbfounded at receiving such a letter, for he had never imagined that any one could invent such palpable falsehoods. Surely it was plain to everybody that the differ- ence in their social customs made it impossible for his marriage with Lolita to take place! It was because of this that he had so long felt his love for Lolita to be blameworthy. But since such a letter had been sent to him it seemed as if it was regarded as a certainty in Brahmo Samaj circles, and it pained him excessively to think how the members of her society must be heaping abuse on Lolita on this score. It seemed to him not only a matter of diffidence, but even of shame, that Lolita's name should have been thus coupled with his so plainly and made a subject of common discussion. He could only suppose that now Lolita must be reproaching herself for her acquaintanceship with him and cursing the day they had met, and that she would never again be able to bear even the sight of him. Alas for the human heart! For even in the midst of this excessive self-reproach there was mixed such a deep and keen joy that his heart was aglow with it. It refused to acknow- ledge either insult or shame, and in order that he should not harbour this feeling Binoy began to pace rapidly up and down the verandah. But with the morning light there mingled a kind of madness, so that even the cry of the hawkers as they passed along the street awakened in his heart a deep restless- ness. Had not this flood of abuse which had overwhelmed Lolita taken her and floated her to the secure refuge of his heart ? He could not banish from his mind the image of · Lolita borne by this flood away from her own society towards him, and his heart could cry only these words : “ Lolita is
mine! Mine alone!” He had never before had the courage to utter these words with such assurance, but to-day, as he heard the wish of his heart echoed so plainly from outside, he could no longer restrain himself. While he was pacing the verandah in this excited condition he suddenly caught sight of Haran Babu coming towards the house. At once he understood what was behind this anony- mous letter. When he had offered Haran Babu a chair, Binoy waited without displaying his usual self-confidence. At last Haran Babu began : “ Binoy Babu, you are a Hindu, aren't you?” “Yes, of course I am!” replied Binoy. “You must not be angry with my question,” begged Haran Babu. “We are often blind when we do not consider things from all points of view—when there is a danger of our conduct causing trouble in any society; at such a time we should welcome as a friend one who asks us what our conduct will lead to, and to what limit we can safely go.” “Such a long preamble is quite unnecessary,” said Binoy with an attempt at a laugh. “It's not my nature to become distracted at being asked unpleasant questions, nor shall I do any violence to the questioner! What you have to ask me you can ask me without any fear, no matter what it is.” “I don't wish to accuse you of any wilful transgression,” apologised Haran Babu, “and it is unnecessary to tell you that the fruit of an indiscretion is often laden with poison." “What it is unnecessary to tell me," exclaimed Binoy with a shade of annoyance, “ you can leave out. Tell me only what you really want to say." "Is it right," asked Haran Babu, " for you who are a Hindu, and who cannot leave the Hindu society, to come and go in Paresh Babu's home in such a manner as to give rise to talk about his daughters ?” “Look here, Panu Babu," complained Binoy. “I can't accept all responsibility for what the people of any society choose to fabricate from any particular occurrence—that depends upon the nature of the people themselves to a large extent. If it is possible for the members of your Brahmo Samaj to discuss Paresh Babu's daughters in such a way as to create scandal that is a matter of shame for your Samaj rather than for them.” “If,” exclaimed Haran Babu, “any girl is allowed to leave the protection of her mother and go wandering off alone
on a steamer with some outsider, is that not a matter which her society has a right to discuss ? Answer me that question !” “If you are going to place on an equality some purely external event with a fault of the inner life, then what need was there for you yourself to leave the Hindu society and become a Brahmo ?” asked Binoy. “No matter what has happened, Panu Babu, I can't see the necessity for arguing about all these matters. I can very well decide for myself what my own duty is, and you won't be able to help me in that in the least degree.” “I don't want to say much to you,” answered Haran Babu. “I have one last word to say, and it is that from now you must keep away from there, for if you don't it will be very wrong of you. By frequenting Paresh Babu's home you have only caused trouble, none of you know what injury you have done them all.” When Haran Babu had gone Binoy felt tortured with doubts. The noble and simple-hearted Paresh Babu had welcomed both himself and Gora into his home with such obvious affection; possibly Binoy had on several occasions overstepped the limits of his rights in the household, but never for one day had he been deprived of his regard and affection ;-in this Brahmo home Binoy had found a shelter such as he had not found anywhere else, and it had been so congenial to his nature that through his acquaintance with them all his whole life seemed to have gained special strength. And in the family where he had found such a refuge, and had experienced such affection and such happiness, was the memory of him to be a cause of pain ? He had been the cause of a stain of reproach falling on Paresh Babu's daughters ! And it was he who had brought such a humiliation on the whole future life of Lolita! Was there any remedy for such a crime ? Alas! Alas! What a tremendous hindrance in the way of truth does the thing which is called society raise ! There was no true obstacle to the union of Lolita and Binoy. God, the inner Lord of both their hearts, knew how ready Binoy was to sacrifice the whole of his life for her welfare and happiness—was it not He who had drawn Binoy so close to her from the very first ?-there was no obstacle in His eternal decrees. Was the God who was worshipped in the Brahmo Samaj by people like Panu Babu some different Being ? Was He not the Ruler of human hearts? Some dreadful pro- hibition stands, with its teeth bared, trying to prevent their union. But if he only heeded the commands of society and
not the precepts of the Lord of all human hearts, would not such prohibition be sinful ? But alas! perhaps it was just such prohibition that would have most weight with Lolita ! And besides that perhaps Lolita's feeling for Binoy was- but there was no end to the doubts with which he was beset.
CHAPTER LIII At the time that Haran Babu was visiting Binoy, Abinash had called on Anandamoyi with the news that it had been settled that Binoy was to marry Lolita. “ That can never be true,” expostulated Anandamoyi. “Why should it be untrue ?” asked Abinash. “ Is such a match impossible for Binoy ?” “ That I don't know," answered Anandamoyi, “but I'm sure that he could not have kept such an important matter a secret from me. Never ! ” But Abinash persisted, saying that he had heard it from reliable sources in the Brahmo Samaj, and that it must be true. He further said that he had foreseen this sad end for Binoy long ago, and had even argued with Gora on the subject. When he had proclaimed the news to Anandamoyi, he went downstairs and retailed the news with great gusto to Mohim. When Binoy returned that morning, Anandamoyi saw from his face that he was greatly troubled. When she had given him his meal she called him into her own room, and asked him : “ Why, Binoy, what's happened ?”. “Mother, just read this letter, will you ? ” said Binoy. When she had finished reading it, Binoy went on : “ This morning Panu Babu came to see me, and gave me a regular scolding.” “What about ?” asked Anandamoyi. “ He said that my conduct had given rise to a scandal about Paresh Babu's daughters in the Brahmo Samaj," explained Binoy. “People are saying that it has been settled that you are to marry Lolita,” said Anandamoyi. “I don't see any cause for scandal in that !”. “If the marriage had been a possible one there would have been no cause for scandal,” said Binoy, “but how wrong it is to spread such a rumour when such a thing is impossible! It is especially cowardly to do so where Lolita is concerned.”
CHAPTER LIII “If you had any manhood,” said Anandamoyi, “ you could easily save her from the clutches of such a rumour.” “Tell me how !” exclaimed Binoy in astonishment. “How indeed !” cried Anandamoyi. “Why, by marrying her!” “What are you saying, mother ?” said the astounded Binoy. “I can't make out what you think of your Binoy ! Do you imagine that Binoy has only to say, 'I will marry,' and then the world will have nothing further to say on the subject - that everything simply waits for a nod from me ?” “I don't see any reason for such a lot of discussion,” said Anandamoyi. “ It will be all right if only you do what it is in your power to do. You can surely say that you are ready to marry.” “Would not such an unreasonable proposal be an insult to Lolita ?” asked Binoy. “Why do you call it unreasonable ? ”expostulated Ananda- moyi. “Since the rumour has got abroad that you are going to marry her, then certainly the marriage is regarded as reasonable. I assure you that you need not hesitate for a moment." “But, mother, we must think of Gora, mustn't we?” argued Binoy. “No, my child,” said Anandamoyi decisively, “ this is not a matter in which Gora should be consulted. I know he will be angry, and I don't want him to be angry with you. But what can we do? If you have any regard for Lolita you can never allow her to be an object of scandal to her Samaj all her days." But this was more easily said than done! Since Gora had been sent to gao) Binoy's love for him had flowed with re- doubled force, and how could he prepare such a heavy blow for him? Further than that there was social custom. To transgress against society is easy enough in mind-but, when the time comes to act, in how many places do we find that the shoe pinches ! A horror of the unknown, a refusal to face the unaccustomed, these make one look back without any reason. “ The more I know of you, mother,” exclaimed Binoy, “the more astonished I am at you! However do you manage to have such a clear mind ? It seems to me that you don't have to walk. Has God given you wings ? Nothing seems able to obstruct you !”
“God hasn't put any obstructions in my way!” laughed Anandamoyi. “He has made everything clear to me!” “But, mother," said Binoy, “whatever I may say with my lips, my mind does not keep pace with it! After all my education, and intelligence, and arguing I suddenly see that I am an absolute fool!” At this point Mohim came into the room and began to question Binoy so rudely about his relationship with Lolita that he was humiliated almost beyond endurance, but con- trolling himself as well as he could, he sat with eyes downcast without answering, until Mohim had left the room after abusing every party in a most scurrilous manner. He gave them to understand that a shameless plot had been hatched in Paresh Babu's family to snare Binoy to his destruction, and that Binoy had been fool enough to allow himself to be caught in the trap. “Just let us see whether they can deceive Gora like that!” he had exclaimed. “ They'll find him a tougher problem!” Seeing himself surrounded on all sides by reproaches, Binoy remained seated in silent dismay till Anandamoyi startled him by saying: “Do you know, Binoy, what you ought to do? You ought to go and see Paresh Babu. If once you can discuss things with him everything will become clear.'
CHAPTER LIV On suddenly seeing Anandamoyi, Sucharita exclaimed in astonishment : “ Why, I was just on the point of setting out to call on you!” “I did not know that you were getting ready to come,” laughed Anandamoyi, “but I know what it was that was bringing you. I have come on the same errand, for the moment I heard the news I could not contain myself, and felt I must see you." Sucharita was rather surprised to hear that the news had reached Anandamoyi's ears, and she listened carefully as Anandamoyi said : “Mother, I have always regarded Binoy as my own child. When I came to know how he had been taken up by you all you don't know how I blessed you in my heart! So how could I remain inactive when I heard that you were in trouble? I don't know whether I can do any-
CHAPTER LIV thing to help you or not-but somehow my mind was so upset that I had to come running to you. My dear, is Binoy the cause of all this trouble ? ” “ Not at all !” exclaimed Sucharita. “Lolita is responsible for all the agitation that has arisen. Binoy never dreamt that Lolita would come to the steamer without saying a word to any one, and yet people are talking as though the two of them had discussed the plan secretly beforehand. And Lolita is such a spirited girl that she would never contradict the rumour or explain what actually happened.” “But something will have to be done about it !” said Anandamoyi. “ Since Binoy heard all this he has not had a moment's peace of mind-he is even taking all the blame on himself.” Sucharita flushed slightly and, lowering her face, inquired : “ Well, do you think that Binoy Babu- “ Look here, my child,” interrupted Anandamoyi on seeing Sucharita's painful hesitation. “I can assure you that what- ever Binoy is told to do for Lolita he will do. I have known him from his childhood, and I have seen that if once he surrenders himself he can keep nothing back. For that reason I have often had to go in constant fear lest his heart should take him to such a place that there would be no hope of extricating him from it.” “You needn't have any anxiety as to whether Lolita will give her consent,” said Sucharita, feeling a weight lifted from her mind. “I know her heart quite well. But will Binoy Babu be ready to leave his own society ? ” “No doubt he would be ready if necessary,” said Ananda- moyi, “but why do you talk about his leaving his society at this stage? Is there any need for that?” “Why, what do you mean, mother ? ” cried Sucharita. “Do you mean to say that Binoy Babu can marry a Brahmo girl while remaining a Hindu ?” “If he is willing to do so," answered Anandamoyi, “ then what objection have you?” “I can't myself see how that could be possible!” observed Sucharita in confusion. “ It seems to me the easiest thing in the world, mother,” explained Anandamoyi. “Look here, in my own home I cannot observe the customs which the rest of the family observe--that's why so many people call me a Christian. At the time of any special ceremonies I voluntarily keep myself apart. You may smile, my dear, but do you know that even
Gora will not take water in my room! But why should I for that reason say that the house is not my home, and that their Hindu society is not my society ? I personally can never say that. I remain in that society, and in that house, accept- ing all the abuse they like to give me but I don't find that such a great hindrance. If the obstacles become insurmount- able then I shall take the path which God will point out to me, but what I feel I shall say to the very end, and it is their lookout whether they accept me or not.” “But,” said Sucharita in some perplexity,“ look here,- you know the opinions of the Brahmo Samaj,-supposing Binoy Babu- “ His opinions are of the same kind,” interrupted Ananda- moyi. “ The opinions of the Brahmo Samaj are not some- thing outside the rest of creation. All those articles which appear in your periodicals he has read to me quite often- and I don't see anything wonderfully out of the way in your opinions.” Here she was interrupted by Lolita entering the room in search of Sucharita. On seeing Anandamoyi there Lolita blushed shyly, for she saw from Sucharita's face that they had been talking about her. She felt that she would like to have escaped, but there was no excuse for getting away so immediately. “ Come, Lolita, come, little mother !” exclaimed Ananda- moyi, taking her by the hand, and making her sit down close beside her as though Lolita were her special possession. Continuing what she had been saying, Anandamoyi went on to Sucharita : “ See here, mother, it is one of the most difficult things to make bad and good harmonise--and yet in this world they are found together-and in that union sorrow and happiness are found-it is not always evil that is seen but also good. And if that is possible then I fail to understand why it should be difficult for two people whose opinions differ to unite happily. Is true union between two human beings merely a matter of opinion ?” Sucharita remained with her head bent low, and Ananda- moyi went on : “Will this Brahmo Samaj of yours not permit two people to unite if they wish to ? Will your society keep apart, by its external decrees, two beings whom God has made one in heart? Little mother, is there no society any- where in this world which will ignore small differences of opinion, and allow union in the things that really matter ? Are human beings meant only to quarrel thus with their God ?
Is it only for this that the thing called society has been created ?” Was this heartfelt enthusiasm which Anandamoyi was displaying in her discussion merely due to her desire to banish opposition to Binoy's marriage with Lolita ? Had she not some idea that by her arguments she would be able to remove what little hesitation was still left in Sucharita's mind on this subiect ? For it would never do for Sucharita to keep such an impression. If it were her conclusion that Binoy could not marry Lolita unless he became a Brahmo, then the one hope which had been buoying up Anandamoyi during these days of anxiety would be shattered in the dust! That very day Binoy had asked her the question : “ Mother, shall I have to enroll my name in the Brahmo Samaj ? Shall I have to accept that also ?” and she had replied : “No, no ! I don't see any need of that!” Binoy had asked further : “ And suppose they bring pressure to bear on me?” “No," had observed Anandamoyi after a short silence, “this is not a matter in which pressure can be brought to bear." But Sucharita did not agree with what Anandamoyi had said, and as she made no answer, Anandamoyi realised that Sucharita's mind had not yet given its assent. Anandamoyi began to say to herself : “ It was only through my affection for Gora that I was able to break through the traditions of my society. But is not Sucharita's heart attracted to Gora ? If it had been, then surely she would not have made so much of such a trivial matter." Anandamoyi felt somewhat depressed. There wanted only two or three more days before Gora's release from gaol, and she had been thinking that there was a field lying ready for him in which he would find happiness. She felt that now was the time for binding Gora, if ever, for otherwise there was no saying what difficulties he would get into. But to win Gora and keep him bound was not the task of an ordinary girl. On the other hand it would be wrong to give him in marriage to a girl in any Hindu family—that was why she had refused so many applications from fathers of marriageable daughters. Gora used to say that he would not marry at all, and people were astonished that she, as his mother, had never protested against his decision. Then when at last she had detected signs of his weakening she had rejoiced greatly, so Sucharita's silent opposition was a great blow to her. But
she was not a person easily to let go the helm, and she said to herself : “ All right, let us wait and see.”
CHAPTER LV PARESH BABU was saying : “ Binoy, I don't want you to do anything foolhardy just because of your anxiety to save Lolita from her dilemma. This agitation in our society has not much value—what is exciting them so much just now, they will forget entirely in a few days.” Binoy felt that he had come braced up to do his duty by Lolita. He knew that such a marriage would be inconvenient from the point of view of society—and over and above that there was Gora's anger to be considered-but at the call of duty he had tried to banish all these unpleasant thoughts from his mind. And now when Paresh Babu suddenly wanted to dismiss this appeal of duty altogether Binoy felt all the more averse to turning back. He said : “I shall never be able to repay you for all the affection you have shown towards me, and it is unbearable to me to think that I have been the cause of the least unhappiness in your family, even for a day.” “ Binoy, you don't quite follow me," expostulated Paresh Babu. “I am personally delighted that you have such regard for us, but for you to offer to marry my daughter as a means of showing your respect does not show much regard for my daughter's feelings. So I explained to you that this difficulty is by no means of such a serious nature that you have to offer to make the least sacrifice." Now at any rate Binoy was freed from any sense of responsi- bility, but his mind did not run along the unobstructed path of freedom with quite the same eagerness as a bird rises in the air when released from its cage. Even now he did not show any sign of moving, although the dam of restraint which he had been building for so long from a sense of duty had been found unnecessary. Where until recently he had taken every step in fear and trembling, drawing back at every moment, he was now occupying the whole space and found it hard to retreat. In the very place to which duty had taken him, dragging him by the hand, and was now saying : “Now, brother, retreat, you have no need to go further,” his heart was saying, “ You can retreat if you like, but I remain bere.”
CHAPTER LV Now that Paresh Babu had not given him any further excuse Binoy said: “You must not think that I was wanting to do something hard at the call of duty. If only you will give your consent nothing could give me greater joy than such good fortune as I was only afraid lest— ". “ There is not the least ground for your fears," interrupted Paresh Babu without a moment's hesitation. He loved truth so greatly that he even confessed: “I have heard from Sucharita that Lolita is not averse to you.” A flash of joy shot through Binoy's heart on hearing that this secret of Lolita's inner soul had been revealed to Sucharita. He wondered when and how she had spoken of it. An intense and mysterious joy thrilled his heart at the thought that he had been an object of intimate talk between these two friends. He at once said : “If you think me worthy of her, then nothing could be a matter of more intense happiness to me.” “ Just wait a little,” said Paresh Babu. “Let me go upstairs and see my wife.” On going to ask Bordashundari her opinion, she urged : “ Binoy will have to be initiated in the Brahmo Samaj.” “ That goes without saying,” answered Paresh Babu. “We must first settle that,” said Bordashundari, “so send for Binoy.” “Then we must settle a day for the initiation ceremony," said Bordashundari without further preamble, as soon as Binoy had come. “ Is initiation absolutely essential ? ” asked Binoy hesitat- ingly, "Absolutely essential indeed !” exclaimed Bordashundari. “ What do you mean? How else can you marry into a Brahmo family ?” Binoy hung his head without answering. So it seemed that Paresh Babu, on hearing that he wanted to marry his daughter, had taken it for granted that he would naturally enter the Brahmo Samaj. "I have the greatest respect for the Brahmo Samaj,” he faltered, “and up to now there has been nothing in my con- duct which is contrary to its teaching. But is it absolutely necessary for me to become a member?” “ If your opinions are in harmony with ours, then what harm is there in being initiated ?” asked Bordashundari. “ It is impossible for me to say that Hindu society means nothing to me,” explained Binoy.
“ Then it was wrong of you ever to raise this question,” complained Bordashundari. “Have you shown yourself ready to marry our daughter just out of pity for us or to do us good ?” This was a great blow to Binoy, for he saw that his proposal really did seem to be insulting to them. Just about a year before, the new Law of Civil Marriage had been passed, and at that time both he and Gora had written very strongly against it in the papers. It was therefore difficult for Binoy now to declare that he was not a Hindu and marry according to the Civil Marriage Law. He saw now that Paresh Babu could not be expected to approve of the idea of his marrying Lolita while still remaining a Hindu, so heaving a sigh he stood up to go, and making his obeisance to both of them, said apologetically : “ Please forgive me, I will not say more to aggravate my fault,” and with that he left the room. As he was going downstairs he saw Lolita seated alone at a small desk in the corner of the verandah writing letters. At the sound of his footsteps she looked up, and for a moment gazed at him with an agitated expression. Lolita's acquaintanceship with Binoy was not recent-how often had she looked in his face, but to-day there seemed to be some mysterious secret expressed in her glance. That secret of Lolita's thoughts, known only to Sucharita, was to-day revealed to Binoy in the shadow of her dark eyelashes, and the tenderness of her glance was like a cloud laden with the coming coolness of rain. In the momentary glance which Binoy gave her in return her heart felt a sudden flash of pain. Without speaking a word he bowed to Lolita and went on down the stairs.
CHAPTER LVI WHEN Gora came out of gaol he found Paresh Babu and Binoy waiting for him at the gate. A month is by no means a long time. When Gora had been on his walking tour he had been separated from his friends and relations for more than that, but when, after his one month's separation in prison, he came out and saw Binoy and Paresh Babu, he felt as if he had been born again into the familiar world of his old friends. When he saw, in the early morning light, the gentle affection on Paresh Babu's peaceful face, he bowed down and took the dust of his feet with a joy
LVI of devotion such as he had never felt before. Paresh Babu embraced the two friends, and then Gora seized Binoy's hand and exclaimed with a laugh : “ Binoy, from our school days we have taken all our education together, but I have stolen a march on you by taking instruction in this school of studies !”. As Binoy did not feel in a mood to join in his mirth he was silent. He felt that his friend had come out, having passed through the mysterious hardships of gaol life, more his friend than ever! He maintained an almost reverent and solemn silence until Gora asked : “How is mother ?” “Mother is well,” answered Binoy. “ Come along, my friend,” called Paresh Babu, “a carriage is waiting for you." Just as they were about to get into the carriage Abinash came running up, panting, with a group of students behind him. On seeing him, Gora hurried to take his seat, but Abinash was too quick for him and stood in his way, requesting him to stand there for a moment. As he was making the request the students began to sing in loud voices : “ To-day, after the dark night of sorrow, Dawn has come! The bonds of subjection are shattered. Dawn has come !" “ Be quiet !” shouted Gora, his face becoming scarlet. The students at once stopped singing and looked at him in sur- prise as he went on : “Abinash, what's all this to-do about ?” Abinash, without answering, brought out from under his shawl a thick garland carefully wrapped in a plantain leaf, while a young boy began to read an address in a high-pitched voice, at a speed like that of an organ which has been wound up. It was printed in letters of gold and the subject was Gora's release from gaol. Rejecting Abinash's proffered garland, Gora exclaimed in a voice full of anger : " What's all this pantomime about? Have you been making preparations all this month for dressing me up as a member of your troupe by the side of the road here?” As a matter of fact Abinash had been planning this for a long time. He had thought that it would make a great impression, and had not taken Binoy into his counsels, as he was covetous of the kudos which he felt sure such an unusual performance would bring. For at the time of which we speak such forms of nuisance had not become common. Abinash
had even written a description of the scene for the papers and had only left one or two details to be filled in on his return to Calcutta before sending it to the Press. “ It is wrong of you to speak like that,” protested Abinash. “ The fact is that we have been sharing your sufferings while you have been in prison. Our ribs have been scorched by a steady fire of heartfelt pain during every moment of this past month.” “You are mistaken, Abinash,” observed Gora. “If only you look closely enough you will see that the fire has not even been kindled, and that no irreparable injury, has been done to your ribs." But Abinash was not to be squashed, and persisted : “ The Government has tried to disgrace you, but to-day, as repre- sentatives of the Motherland India, we place this garland of honour- " “ This is getting beyond a joke!” expostulated Gora, and pushing Abinash and his followers to one side he turned to Paresh Babu and invited him to get into the carriage. Paresh Babu heaved a sigh of relief as he took his seat, and Gora and Binoy followed him without delay. Gora reached home next morning, having made the journey to Calcutta by steamer, and found a crowd waiting to do him honour outside his house. Managing somehow to free himself from their clutches he went in to see Anandamoyi. She had taken her bath early that morning and was ready waiting for him, and when Gora came in and touched her feet, she could not keep back the tears which all these days she had managed to control. When Krishnadayal returned from his bath in the Ganges Gora went to see him, but he made his pronams from a distance and did not touch his feet. Krishnadayal having taken his seat at a safe distance, Gora said: “Father, I want to do penance.” “I don't see any need for that,” answered Krishnadayal. “I did not feel any hardship in gaol,” explained Gora, “except that I found it impossible to keep myself from contamination. I don't feel free from self-reproach even now. That's why I must do ceremonial penance." “No, no !” cried Krishnadayal in dismay. “There's no need for you to exaggerate so much. I can't give my approval to such a course.” “ All right then,” said Gora, “ let me take the opinion of the pandits on the subject.”
“You needn't consult any pandit," objected Krishnadayal. “I can give you an assurance that no penance will be necessary in your case.” Gora had never yet been able to comprehend why a man, who was so particular with regard to ceremonial cleanliness as Krishnadayal was, never liked any kind of rule or restraint to apply to Gora—and not only did not wish to give his assent but positively opposed any attempt of Gora's in the direction of orthodox observances. Anandamoyi had to-day placed Binoy's seat for the meal beside Gora's, but Gora expostulated : “Mother, please move Binoy's seat a little farther off !” " Why, what is wrong with Binoy !” exclaimed Ananda- moyi in surprise. « There's nothing wrong with Binoy,” answered Gora, “the fault lies with me. I am contaminated.” “No matter," answered Anandamoyi, “ Binoy is not one to care about that sort of thing." “ Binoy may not care, but I do," said Gora. When, after their meal, the two friends went upstairs to the deserted room on the top storey they were at a loss what to say. Binoy could not think how he could broach to Gora the subject which had been uppermost in his own mind for the past month. Questions about Paresh Babu's family also occurred to Gora's mind, but he did not mention them, waiting for Binoy to in- troduce the subject. It is true that he had asked after his daughters from Paresh Babu, but that was merely for the sake of politeness. His mind was eager to hear much more detailed news of them than merely that they were well. At this juncture Mohim came into the room and sat down, panting with the exertion of climbing the stairs. As soon as he had recovered his breath he said : “ Binoy, we have been waiting all this time for Gora. Now that he has come there's no need for further delay. Let us decide the day at once. What do you say, Gora? You know to what I refer of course ?” Gora answered with a laugh, and Mohim continued : “You laugh, do you? You are thinking that your Dada hasn't yet forgotten about that! But let me tell you that a daughter is no dream-I am beginning to see that she is a very real object-one that you can't easily forget! Don't laugh about it, Gora, this time we must settle it finally." “ The man is present upon whom everything depends for a settlement !” exclaimed Gora. “Oh, Hell!” protested Mohim. “Do you expect anything
to be settled by a man who is so unsettled himself ? Now that you have come you must shoulder the burden.” To-day Binoy maintained a solemn silence, even on the pretext of a jest at his own expense he did not try to say any- thing, and Gora, realising that there was some hitch some- where, observed : “I can take charge of issuing the invitations, and even of ordering cakes and sweetmeats, I am even ready to give my services at the time of the wedding feast, but it is beyond me to take the responsibility for Binoy marrying your daughter. I myself am not on intimate terms with the one who is responsible for all this business of love I keep at a safe distance and make my obeisances from afar.” “Don't for a moment imagine that because you keep at a distance he will spare you," said Mohim. “ There's no telling when you will receive a surprise visit from him. I have no idea what his plans are with regard to you, but I know that with regard to Binoy he is making a fine mess. Let me tell you that you will have cause to repent it if you do not yourself become active in the matter instead of leaving it all to Cupid.” “I am quite willing to repent for not accepting a responsi- bility which is not mine,” laughed Gora, “ for I should have to repent even more bitterly if I did accept it. I want to be saved from such a fate.” “ Will you stand by and see a Brahmin boy squandering his honour, his caste, and his respectability without protest ? " inquired Mohim. “You give up your food and sleep in your anxiety to keep people good Hindus, and now your best friend is about to sacrifice his caste and marry into a Brahmo family, and you will not be able to show your face before people again. Binoy, I suppose you will be angry with me, but there are plenty of people who are ready to say all this to Gora behind your back, in fact they are falling over one another in their eagerness. I at least say it in your presence, and that is good for all parties concerned. If the rumour is false, then say so and the matter ends there, but if it is true, then settle it once for all." When Mohim had left them Binoy did not speak a word, but Gora turned to him, and asked : “Why, Binoy, what's all this about ?” “It is difficult," began Binoy, “ to explain everything properly by referring to only a few items of news, so I had decided that I would tell you the whole story gradually, but in this world nothing happens in the way we want it to-events seem first of all to go about silently, prowling like tigers hunting for their prey, and then, suddenly, without any warning, they
have pounced on one's neck. News too seems at first to remain smothered like a fire, and then suddenly it bursts out into a blaze and there is no putting it out. For this reason I some- times think the only way for man to be free is for him to remain absolutely stationary." “Where is the freedom if only you yourself remain station- ary ?” asked Gora, laughing. “If the rest of the world sees fit to remain moving, why should it allow you to be still ? In fact just the opposite effect will be produced, for when the world is at work and you alone remain idle you will only find yourself cheated. Therefore you must be on the look-out that your attention is not distracted, lest while everything else is moving you find that you yourself are not ready.” “That is true enough,” assented Binoy, “ I'm never ready! This time too I was unprepared. I never understand from what direction something will take place, but when once it has happened then one must surely accept responsibility for it. It won't do to dissent from something unpleasant because it would have been better if it had never happened at all.” “ Without knowing what has happened I find it difficult to discuss the matter," observed Gora. Bracing himself for the confession Binoy began : “ Through unavoidable circumstances I was placed in such a position with reference to Lolita that unless I marry her she will have to endure unfounded reproaches from her society for the rest of her life.” “Let me hear more definitely what kind of a position you were placed in,” interposed Gora. “That's a long story," answered Binoy. “I'll tell you every- thing by degrees; in the meantime you must be content with what I have told you.” “ All right,” said Gora, “ I'm content. I have only this to say, that if the circumstances were unavoidable then all regret for the result is also unavoidable. If Lolita has to bear insult from her society then it can't be helped.” “But,” expostulated Binoy, “ the means of preventing that are in my hands !” “If that is so, then it's a good thing,” remarked Gora. “But you can't make it so simple by stating the fact vocifer- ously. When men are in need it is in their power to steal and murder, but does that fact make such acts right? You say that you want to do your duty to Lolita by marrying her, but are you sure that it is your highest duty ? Have you no duty to society ?” Binoy did not answer that he had decided against marrying
into a Brahmo family because he had remembered his duty to society, instead of that he began to argue hotly, saying: “In this matter I don't think that you and I will agree. I am not speaking against society because of an attraction for an individual. What I contend is that there is something above both society and the individual to which we ought to look, and that is religion. Just as it is not my chief duty to save the individual, neither is it my chief duty to save society, my highest duty being to preserve the one and only religion.” “I can't respect a religion,” expostulated Gora, “which denies the rights of the individual and of society and claims everything for itself.” “But I can!” exclaimed Binoy, bis mettle up. “Religion is not built up on the foundations of society and the individual, it is society and the individual which depend on religion. If you once begin to call that religion which society happens to want, then society itself will be ruined ; if society puts any obstacles in the way of a right religious freedom, then by sur- mounting such unreasonable obstructions we are doing our duty to society. If it is not wrong for me to marry Lolita, if indeed I ought to do so, then it would be actually irreligious for me to be deterred from doing so merely because it happened to be unfavourable to society.” “ Are you to be the sole judge of what is right and wrong?” asked Gora. “Will you not consider what sort of a position you will be placing your children in by such a marriage ?” “If you once begin to think like that,” urged Binoy, “then you will be making all social injustices permanent. Why then do you blame the poor clerk who continually puts up with insults and kicks from his European master? He also is thinking of the position of his children, isn't he ?” Binoy had come to a point in his argument with Gora which he had never reached before. Only a few weeks before he would have shrunk with all his being from the very possibility of any severance from society. On this subject he had not ventured to argue even to himself, and if the matter had not been discussed by Gora like this things would have taken quite the opposite direction, in conformity with the long- established habits of Binoy's mind. But as the argument went on, his inclination, supported by his own sense of duty, became stronger and stronger. The discussion with Gora raged hot and fierce. In this kind of argument Gora did not usually appeal to reason-he simply expressed his views with a violence which few people
could equal. To-day too he tried his best to shatter into dust every argument brought forward by Binoy, but on this occasion he discovered that there were obstacles in his way. So long as there had been only a question of Gora's opinion as against Binoy's, Gora had invariably been victorious—but to-day two real men were opposed to each other; Gora was no longer able to ward off wordy arrows by his own stock of verbal weapons, for wherever an arrow touched him it found a human heart sensitive and full of pain. Finally Gora exclaimed: “I don't want to bandy words with you, for there is not much in this which is worth arguing about, it is more a matter for the heart to understand. But that you should want to separate yourself from the people of your own country, by marrying a Brahmo girl, is a matter of intense pain to me personally. You may be able to do such a thing, but I never could—that's where you and I differ-it is neither in wisdom nor in intelligence. It is your affections that are turned in a different direction from mine. You can hardly be expected to feel for society when you want to deal it such a stab, just where I feel the throb of life. What I want is India, no matter how you may find fault with her or how much you may abuse her. I don't want any one greater than her, whether myself or another! I do not wish to do the least thing which might separate me from her even by a hair's breadth !” And before Binoy could get out his answer Gora cried : “No, Binoy, it is futile to argue with me about this! When the whole world has forsaken India and heaps insults upon her, I for my part wish to share her seat of dishonour-this caste- ridden, this superstitious, this idolatrous India of mine! If you want to separate yourself from her then you must separate yourself from me also.” Gora got up and, going out on to the verandah, began to pace up and down, while Binoy remained sitting in silence, till the servant came and announced that a crowd of people was waiting to see Gora outside, and Gora, glad of the opportunity for escape, went downstairs. On going outside he saw that amongst a crowd of others was Abinash. Gora had made up his mind that Abinash was angry with him, but there was not the least sign of anger in him at present. In fact he began to make a speech praising, in exaggerated language, the incident of Gora's refusal to accept the garland the previous day. He declared before all : “My respect for Gourmohan Babu has increased greatly. I had known for a long time that he was an uncommon man,
but yesterday I discovered that he is a great personage. We went yesterday to show him honour, but he rejected the honour in a manner that you would find few people showing nowadays! Is that a thing to be scoffed at?” Gora was overcome with confusion at such words and his annoyance with Abinash made him quite hot. He exclaimed impatiently : “Look here, Abinash, you insult a man by your kind of honour! Could you not expect from me modesty enough to refuse your invitation for me to join in that dance of yours by the roadside ? And you call this the sign of a great personage! Have you the idea of starting a strolling Jatra party, and of going round collecting dole? Is no one ready to do even the least bit of real work ? If you want to work with me, all right, and if you want to fight against me, all right too, but I beg you not to go about like this, shouting * Bravo! Bravo !?" But this only made Abinash's devotion the greater, and he turned with a beaming face to those who were present, as though to draw the attention of them all to the wonderful spirit of Gora's words! He exclaimed : “By your blessing we have been able to see such true disinterestedness on your part as it is to the everlasting glory of the Motherland. We can surrender our lives to such a one,” and with these words he bent down to touch Gora's feet, but Gora moved away impatiently. “Gourmohan Babu,” said Abinash,"you refuse to accept any honour from us, but it will not do for you to refuse us the pleasure of your presence at a feast which we intend to hold one day. We have all been discussing it and you must consent to come.” “ Until I have done penance," answered Gora, “I can't sit down with any of you to a meal.” Penance ! Abinash's eyes became bright, as he exclaimed : “ Such an idea would never have occurred to any of us, but Gourmohan Babu can never neglect any of the rules laid down by the Hindu religion.” All agreed that it would be an excellent plan for them all to meet for the feast on the occasion of the ceremony of penance. Some of the big pandits of the country would have to be invited, and they would receive ocular demonstration, on seeing Gourmohan's insistence on making penance, that even in these days the Hindu religion is a living thing. When and where the ceremony should take place was also discussed, and when Gora declared that it would be incon- venient at his own home, one of his devoted followers, who
had a garden house on the banks of the Ganges, proposed that the arrangements should be made there. It was also decided that the expenses of the occasion should be defrayed by all the members of the party combined. Just before their departure Abinash began an eloquent and impassioned address in which, waving his hands at the audience, he said : “Gourmohan Babu may be angry with me, but when the heart is full it is impossible to restrain one's feelings. For the rescue of the Vedas, avatars 1 have been born in this holy land of India, and so to-day we have obtained an avatar who has been born for the preservation of the Hindu religion. In the whole world our country is the only one which has six seasons—and in this country of ours avatars have been born from time to time and will take birth again. We are indeed fortunate that we have had proof that this is true! Brothers, let us cry, ' Victory to Gourmohan !'” Excited by Abinash's eloquence the whole crowd began to cheer vociferously, but Gora fled in great confusion. To-day, his first free day after his gaol experiences, an intense weariness seemed to overcome him. In the confine- ment of gaol life he had for many days been dreaming of how he would work for his country with new enthusiasm, but to-day he kept asking himself only one question: " Alas, where is my country? Is it real only to myself ? Here is my earliest friend, he with whom I have discussed all my life's plans and hopes, ready at a moment’s notice to sever all connection after so many years with his past and future, with complete callous- ness, in order to marry some girl he has taken a fancy to ! And here are those who belong to what every one called my party, after my having explained my views to them so many times, deciding that I am an avatar born only to preserve the Hindu religion ! I am merely a personified form of the Scriptures ! And is India to be given no place ? Six seasons, indeed! In India there are six seasons! If the only product of these six seasons is the ripening of a fruit such as Abinash, where would have been the loss in having two or three seasons less ?” At this moment the servant came saying that his mother called him, and on receiving this message Gora started suddenly, and repeated to himself, “ Mother has called me!” and it seemed to him that the words had a new significance to him. He said to himself, “ No matter what happens, I have my mother. And she is calling for me. She will unite 1 Avatar is an incarnation.
me with every one. She will not permit me to remain at a distance from any one. I shall see that those who are my own are with her sitting in her room. In the gaol, too, mother was calling me, there I was able to see her, and now outside the prison walls she calls me and I will go to see her.” As he spoke thus to himself he looked out towards the cold sky of that winter noonday, and his differences with Binoy and Abinash suddenly seemed to him to become trivial. In this sunlight of mid-day, India seemed to be stretching out her arms towards him, and he saw spread out before him all her rivers and mountains, her cities and oceans, and from the infinite there poured a clear and stainless light in which the whole of India shone radiantly. Gora's heart was so full that tears came to his eyes and all despondency vanished from his mind. His nature was preparing joyfully for that work for India which was so endless, the fruits of which seemed so far off. Though he was not able to see with his own eyes the greatness of India which he had seen in his meditations, he did not feel the least shadow of regret. He said to himself again and again : “Mother is calling me! Let me go to where the Bestower of all food, the One who maintains the Universe, is seated so infinitely far away in time and yet present at each instant, the One who is beyond death and yet in the midst of life, the One who sheds the glorious light of the Future on the imperfect and miserable Present-let me go there—mother calls me to that infinitely far and yet infinitely close.” In the midst of this joy Gora felt the presence of Binoy and Abinash-as though they too were not separated from him ---all the trifling differences of that day being merged in a complete harmony. When Gora first entered Anandamoyi's room his face was almost transfigured with the radiance of his happiness, and it seemed to him as if there was behind everything that he saw before him some wonderful presence. Coming in suddenly he did not at first recognise who it was who was sitting beside his mother! It was Sucharita who stood up and bowed to him. “It is you then that has come ?” said Gora to her. “ Sit down please!” When he said, “ It is you that has come !” he spoke as though it were no ordinary event, but some special advent. At one time Gora had avoided Sucharita, and so long as he'. had been on his tour, engaged in work and undergoing various hardships, he had been able to put the thought of her more
or less out of his mind. But during his days of confinement in gaol the memory of Sucharita haunted him. There had been a time when the fact that there were women in India hardly entered Gora's mind, but now he had made a new discovery of this truth through Sucharita, and the sudden and complete revelation of such a great and ancient fact made the whole of his strong nature tremble as though from a blow. When the sunlight and free air of the outer world entered into his prison cell and filled his mind with pain, he saw that world not merely as his own field of work composed only of the society of men—there appeared before him in his meditations the faces of two presiding deities of that beautiful outside world, the light of the sun, moon, and stars illumining them with a special radiance, with the cool blue sky surrounding them as a tender background—the one lighted by a mother's love known to him from his birth, and the other the beautiful and tender face of his new acquaintance. In the midst of his narrow and joyless gaol life Gora found it impossible to feel antagonistic when the memory of this face rose in his mind. The unique joy of this meditation brought into his prison a sense of deep freedom, and the hardships of gaol seemed to him like some false and unsubstantial dream. All the waves of his throbbing heart transcended the prison walls and mingled with the sky, played on the shimmering leaves and blossoms, and broke on the shores of the workaday world. Gora had thought to himself that there was no reason to be afraid of an image of his fancy, so for the whole of that month he had let his thoughts flow freely in that channel, arguing to himself that it is only of real things that we need to be afraid. But when, on coming out of gaol, Gora had seen Paresh Babu his heart was filled with joy. That his joy was not merely because of meeting Paresh Babu, but with it there was mingled the magic of that image which had haunted his fancy for so many days—all this Gora, at first, did not realise. But gradually it dawned on him, as he was on the steamer going to Calcutta, that Paresh Babu did not have such a strong attraction for him by reason only of his own virtues. Now Gora braced himself again for the conflict, saying to himself that he would not be defeated. As he sat on the steamer he determined that again he would go away to a distance, and would never allow his mind to be bound by even the finest of fetters.
It was while in this frame of mind that the argument with Binoy had taken place. At this first meeting with his friend after their separation, such a violent altercation would not have occurred if it had not been that Gora was really arguing with himself. It was becoming increasingly clear to him that the issues involved in this argument affected his own honour, and it was for that reason he spoke so vehemently on that day -his vehemence was a necessity for himself. When to-day his violence aroused in Binoy an opposing violence, and when in his mind Binoy was only tearing to pieces all Gora's arguments, and calling them stupid bigotry, when his whole mind arose in revolt against him, Binoy never dreamed for a moment that Gora would not have been giving him such heavy blows unless he had been dealing those blows at himself also. After his discussion with Binoy, Gora decided that it would not do to leave the field of battle. He thought, “If out of fear for my own life I let go of Binoy, then Binoy cannot be saved."
CHAPTER LVII GORA was deep in thought just then-he regarded Sucharita, not as a special individual, but rather as an idea. The woman- hood of India was revealed to him in the figure of Sucharita, and he regarded her as the manifestation of all that was sweet and pure, loving and virtuous in the homes of his Motherland. His heart overflowed with happiness as he saw, seated beside his mother, this incarnation of the grace which shone upon India's children, served the sick, consoled the afflicted, and consecrated with love even the most insignificant. He saw in her a manifestation of the power which never forsakes the meanest of us in our sorrows or misfortunes, which never despises us, and although entitled to worship offers its devotion to even the most unworthy amongst us. She seemed to him to be the one whose skilful and beautiful hands put the seal of sacrifice on all our works, and to be like some imperishable gift of ever-patient and all-powerful love which God's hands have bestowed upon us, and he said to himself : “ We have allowed this gracious gift to pass unnoticed--we have put it in the background hidden behind all else—what clearer sign of our misery could there be !” He thought to himself that it is woman who ought to be called the motherland-she it is who is seated on the hundred-petalled lotus, in the innermost abode
of India's heart-we are her servitors. The misfortunes of the country are insults to her, and it is because we are indifferent to those insults that in these days we have cause to be ashamed of our manhood. Gora was astonished at his own thoughts. He had never realised before how imperfect his perception of India had been so long as he had failed to acknowledge the women of India. What a lack there had been in Gora's conception of his duty to his country so long as its women were so shadowy and unreal to him! It was as though his idea of duty had power but no life, muscles but no nerves. Gora realised in a single moment that the further we banish woman from us, and the smaller the place we give to her in our lives, the weaker does our manhood become. So when Gora said to Sucharita : “So you have come !” there was more in his words than mere conventional politeness ; his salutation conveyed his newly discovered joy and wonder. Gora bore some traces of his gaol experiences. He looked less healthy than he had done before, for the gaol food was so distasteful to him that he had practically fasted the whole month he was in prison. His complexion had lost much of the clear brightness it had shown before and he looked quite pale, and because his hair had been cropped short the thinness of his face was even more apparent. On seeing how thin Gora looked, Sucharita felt a special regard for him awaken in her mind, though with it there was much pain. She wanted to bow down and take the dust of his feet! Gora was revealed to her like the pure flame of a fire which is blazing so brightly that neither smoke nor fuel is visible, and a devotion mixed with tender compassion so trembled in her breast that she was unable to utter a single word. Anandamoyi was the first to speak. She said : “Now I understand what happiness mine would have been if I had had a daughter. How can I tell you what a comfort Sucharita has been to me all the time you have been away! Before I got to know her, I did not realise that one of the glories of sorrow is that at such a time we become acquainted with many great and good things. We get distressed because we do not know always in how many ways God has given us consolation for our sorrows. You may feel shy, little mother, but I feel compelled to tell in your presence what a happiness you have been to me during these sad days !” Gora looked towards Sucharita's shy face with an expression of solemn gratitude, and then addressed Anandamoyi, saying :
“Mother, she came to share your sorrow in your days of sad- ness, and now she has come to increase your joy on this day of happiness—those who have large hearts are such disinter- ested friends." “Didi,” exclaimed Binoy, on seeing how shy she was, “when a thief is caught he gets punished from all sides, and so now that you have been caught by them all you have got to enjoy the fruits. Where can you fly to ? I have known you for a long time, but I have never given you away. I have kept silent, though I have known quite well that it couldn't be concealed for long." “ You have kept silent, have you ? " laughed Anandamoyi. “ You are such a silent boy by nature, aren't you? Why, from the very first day he got to know you he has been singing your praises, and there has been no restraining him!” “ Just listen to her, Didi!” cried Binoy. “The witness and proof that I am appreciative of merits and am not ungrateful are both present!” “You are now only singing your own praises !” exclaimed Sucharita. “But you will never get me to make known my virtues," protested Binoy. “If you want to hear them you must come to mother—you will be dumbfounded-even when I myself hear her I am astonished! If only mother will write my biography I am willing to die young!” “Just hear the boy talk !” exclaimed Anandamoyi. And in this way the first shyness was broken. At the time of departure Sucharita said to Binoy: “ Won't you come and see us one day?” Sucharita invited Binoy to come but she could not ask Gora. He did not understand the real reason and he felt rather hurt. That Binoy found it so easy to mix with every one and took his own place in every society, and Gora could not, had never before been a matter of regret to Gora, but to-day he acknowledged to himself that this lack in his character was a real failing.
CHAPTER LVIII Binoy understood that Sucharita had invited him to discuss with her the proposed marriage with Lolita. It seemed then that although he had given his final decision the matter was
by no means finished with! So long as he had life he would not be able to get free from either party. Up to now Binoy's chief anxiety had been how he could break the news to Gora ! By Gora he was not thinking merely of the individual, for Gora stood for certain ideas—a certain faith, and he had been a kind of support in life. Binoy's constant connection with him had become a matter of habit as well as joy to him, and any sort of quarrel with him was like a quarrel with himself. But the blow had fallen and the first feeling of shrinking from the task had disappeared. Binoy had got a certain strength from having told Gora about his connection with Lolita. Before an operation there is no limit to a patient's fears, but when the knife begins to cut, the sick man sees that even with the pain there is relief also, and what in imagination seems so serious a matter is not so in reality. Until then Binoy had not been able to bring himself to argue even with himself, but now the door for discussion was open, and in his mind he was constantly thinking of answers to Gora's arguments. And objections which it seemed to him likely that Gora might make he would pick to pieces from various standpoints. If only he had been able to argue the whole matter out with Gora, then, although he might have got excited, he would have come to some final conclusion, but Binoy saw that Gora would not discuss matters to the end. This made Binoy rather hot-he thought, “ Gora will not understand, and will not explain either, he simply wants to use violence. Violence! How can I ever bow my head before violence ? Let what will happen, I am on the side of truth!” and as he uttered the word truth it seemed to clutch hold of his heart as though it were a living thing. To make a stand against Gora it was necessary to side with the strongest possible party, and so making truth his chief support Binoy repeated the word again and again to himself. In fact, feeling that he had taken refuge in the truth, he began to feel a great respect for himself, and when he started for Sucharita's house he walked with head erect. Whether he felt so con- fident because he was inclined towards truth, or because his inclination was towards something else, Binoy was not in a condition to understand. When he arrived Harimohini was busy cooking, and Binoy stood at the kitchen door, and having put forward a claim for a mid-day meal suitable for a Brahmin's son, he went upstairs. Sucharita was engaged with some needlework, and without
lifting her eyes from her task she at once broached the subject she had on her mind. She said : “Look here, Binoy Babu, where there is no inner obstacle ought we to respect an opposi- tion which is purely external ?” When he had been arguing with Gora, Binoy had taken one point of view, and now that he was arguing with Sucharita he took just the opposite. How could any one have guessed now that he had any difference of opinion with Gora ? “But aren't you making too little of external obstacles ?” inquired Binoy. "There's a reason for that, Binoy Babu !” explained Sucharita. “Our obstacles are not exactly external ones, for our society is founded upon religious principles, whereas the society you belong to is hemmed round by social bonds. Therefore if Lolita has to leave her society it will be a serious matter for her, whereas for you to leave your society would not be much of a loss to you.” Then began a discussion between them as to whether or not man's personal religion ought to be entangled in any society or not. While this was going on Satish came into the room with a letter and a newspaper. On seeing Binoy he became very excited and wished that he could by some means change Friday to a Sunday. In less than no time Satish and his friend Binoy were talking happily together, while Sucharita began to read the newspaper and the note which accompanied it, which was from Lolita. In this Brahmo newspaper there was an item of news which said that in a well-known Brahmo family there had been a fear that a marriage was to take place with a Hindu, but the danger had passed owing to the young man's unwillingness. With this news as the theme the article went on to compare the deplorable weakness of the Brahmo family with the firm faith of the Hindu young man, and the comparison was by no means in favour of the Brahmo family. Sucharita thought within herself that no matter what might be said, Lolita's marriage with Binoy must be brought about somehow. But she saw it would not be by arguing with this young man, so she sent a note to Lolita asking her to come round at once, without any mention that Binoy was there. Since there was no calendar accommodating enough to make Friday into Sunday, Satish had perforce to leave to get ready for school, and Sucharita too got up to take her bath and begged Binoy to excuse her for a little,
When the heat of the discussion had cooled down and Binoy was left alone in the room the inner spirit of his young manhood awoke. It was about nine o'clock, and in the lane there were few passers-by. The ticking of the small clock on Sucharita's writing-table was the only sound that disturbed the silence. The spirit of the room began to exert its influence over Binoy's mind, and it seemed as if all the little details of its furnishing became suddenly familiar to him. The neatness of her table, the embroidered chair covers, the deerskin spread beneath the chair, the two or three pictures hanging on the walls and the row of books bound in red cloth and arranged on a little book- shelf, all exercised a deep fascination over his mind. A beautiful mystery seemed to gather in the interior of this room, and the memory of the discussions which had taken place in its lonely stillness at mid-day, between the two companions, seemed even now to be hidden there like some shy and beautiful presence. Binoy began to try and imagine how and where each one had sat as they talked, and he fashioned in his mind many pictures of the confidences to which Paresh Babu had referred when he said: “I have heard from Sucharita that Lolita is not averse to you.” An indescribable current, like the tender tune of some wandering minstrel, began to flow through Binoy's mind, and in the secret places of his heart there arose such a speechless and in- expressible feeling, that being neither a poet nor an artist Binoy became inwardly restless. He felt as if he would be all right if he could only do something, but the means of action seemed out of his power. It was as though a veil separated him from what was quite close so that it seemed to be at an infinite distance, and yet he had not the power to rend the veil. Harimohini came into the room and asked Binoy if he would take any refreshments, and when Binoy replied in the negative she came into the room and sat down. So long as Harimohini had been living in Paresh Babu's house she had been greatly attracted to Binoy, but, from the time she had come with Sucharita to a home she could call her own, all outside visitors had become very distasteful to her. She had come to the conclusion that Sucharita's recent lapses in matters of social conduct were entirely the fault of her friends. Even though she knew that Binoy was not a Brahmo she felt only too clearly that he was not very strict in observing Hindu customs, so she was not so eager nowadays to invite this son of a Brahmin to partake of the sacred food offered to her gods.
To-day in the course of her talk she asked Binoy: “Well, my child, you are the son of a Brahmin, but don't you observe the evening worship ?” “ Auntie,” said Binoy apologetically, “through learning so many things by heart day and night I have forgotten all the right texts for evening worship!” “Paresh Babu has also learned a great deal,” answered Anandamoyi, “but according to his own religion he always observes some form of worship both morning and evening.” “But, Auntie,” expostulated Binoy, “what he does cannot be managed by merely learning off a few texts. If ever I become like him I shall do as he does.” “ So long as you are not like him,” said Harimohini rather harshly, “why can't you follow your ancestors ? Is it good to be neither one thing nor the other ? Man after all is a religious being. But neither Ram, nor the Ganges! How can that be ?” She was interrupted at this point by the entrance of Lolita, who on seeing Binoy started violently and asked Harimohini where Sucharita was. “Radharani has gone to take her bath,” said Harimohini, and Lolita, as though she thought some explanation of her appearance were necessary, said: “It was Sucharita who called me here." “Well, sit down till she comes," said Harimohini," she will be here directly.” Harimohini had no very kindly feelings towards Lolita either, for she wanted now to get Sucharita away from her old surroundings and to keep her entirely under her own control. Paresh Babu's other daughters were not so intimate, but Harimohini was not at all pleased at the way Lolita dropped in at all times for a chat with Sucharita. She used to try and interrupt their talks by calling Sucharita away on the pretext of some housework, or she would express her regret that nowadays Sucharita's studies were not making such progress as they used to do. She would say this in spite of the fact that when Sucharita did give her time to study she would never forget to say that education was not only not necessary for girls but was positively injurious. The real truth was that, because she was not able to hedge Sucharita round as she wanted to do, she was in the habit of blaming sometimes her companions and sometimes her studies. She was not at all pleased at having to sit with Binoy and Lolita, but because she was angry with them she remained
seated. She felt that there was some mysterious relationship between the two, and she said to herself: “No matter what the rules of your society may be I will never allow this sort of shameless intimacy, all this Christian kind of behaviour, to go on in any house of mine.” In Lolita's mind also there was an uncomfortable feeling of opposition. The previous day she had decided that she would accompany Sucharita to Anandamoyi's house, but when it came to the point she could not bring herself to go. She felt great respect for Gora but at the same time her hostility towards him was very keen, for she could not get the idea out of her mind that Gora's attitude towards her was unfavourable in all kinds of ways. She felt this to such an extent that from the very day of Gora's release from prison her feelings towards Binoy also had undergone a change. Previous to that she had been actually priding herself on her influence over Binoy, and the very idea that he was not able to extricate himself from his friend's clutches made her feel antagonistic towards him for his weakness. Binoy, on the other hand, the moment he saw Lolita come into the room, began to feel greatly agitated. With regard to Lolita he could never keep his ideas clear, for from the time their names had been connected together in the gossip of the community his min