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Hash condition syntax for AR query everywhere!
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Rakefile bundle gem everywhere Nov 24, 2011



Hash condition syntax for AR query everywhere!


where + not

Everywhere” enables you to construct where + not query such as below using AR Hash query syntax.

SELECT "users".* FROM "users" WHERE ("users"."name" != 'foo')
SELECT "users".* FROM "users" WHERE ("users"."created_at" IS NOT NULL)
SELECT "users".* FROM "users" WHERE ("users"."status" NOT IN ('inactive', 'deleted'))

where + like

Same for where + like.

SELECT "users".* FROM "users" WHERE ("users"."name" LIKE 'Akira%')

where + not like

And where + “not like” as well.

SELECT "users".* FROM "users" WHERE ("users"."name" NOT LIKE 'Matz%')


Everywhere” supports 5 syntaxes. Note that you can use only one syntax at a time, and others will be disabled. The chain syntax will be enabled by default.

  • chain

Model.where with no args can be chained with not, like, and not_like methods. This syntax was proposed by Jeremy Kemper:

User.where.not(:name => 'foo')
 => SELECT "users".* FROM "users" WHERE ("users"."name" != 'foo')
  • hash_value

Push the value into a Hash indexed by :not. Similar to MongoDB.

User.where(:name => {:not => 'foo'})
 => SELECT "users".* FROM "users" WHERE ("users"."name" != 'foo')
  • hash_key

Put the whole key + value Hash into another Hash indexed by :not.

User.where(:not => {:name => 'foo'})
 => SELECT "users".* FROM "users" WHERE ("users"."name" != 'foo')
  • symbol

Put :not as the first parameter of where method.

User.where(:not, :name => 'foo')
 => SELECT "users".* FROM "users" WHERE ("users"."name" != 'foo')
  • method

Use the special method named where_not.

User.where_not(:name => 'foo')
 => SELECT "users".* FROM "users" WHERE ("users"."name" != 'foo')

See specs for more details.

Supported versions

ActiveRecord 3.0.x, 3.1.x, 3.2.x, and 4.0 (edge)


Bundle 'everywhere' gem.

Configuring the syntax

You can choose one from four syntaxes listed above. For example, if you prefer the symbol syntax, put the following line in your config file.

config.active_record.where_syntax = :hash_value

The default value is :chain.

  • for users of previous versions

Note that the default behaviour has been changed since 2.0 release if you've not explicitly configured the syntax.

Running specs

There is spec file for each syntax but there is no Rake task for running all the specs at once, because there's no way to load these freedom-patches without interfering each other. So, please run the rspec command specifying one spec file.

% bundle e rspec spec/chain_spec.rb

Contributing to Everywhere

  • Fork, fix, then send me a pull request.


Copyright © 2011 Akira Matsuda. See MIT-LICENSE for further details.

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