Jest matcher for image comparisons. Most commonly used for visual regression testing.
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tipbruley and anescobar1991 fix(execution): use exec path to execute spawned diff-snapshot process (
#109)

Change is to now use process.execPath to ensure that we spawn a new node process to run diff-snapshot if node is not on the environment.

Closes #108
Latest commit 05dcee4 Oct 8, 2018

README.md

jest-image-snapshot

npm version Build Status Mentioned in Awesome Jest

Jest matcher that performs image comparisons using pixelmatch and behaves just like Jest snapshots do! Very useful for visual regression testing.

Installation:

npm i --save-dev jest-image-snapshot

Please note that Jest >=20 <=23 is a peerDependency. jest-image-snapshot will not work with anything below Jest 20.x.x

Usage:

  1. Extend Jest's expect
  const { toMatchImageSnapshot } = require('jest-image-snapshot');

  expect.extend({ toMatchImageSnapshot });
  1. Use toMatchImageSnapshot() in your tests!
it('should demonstrate this matcher`s usage', () => {
  ...
  expect(image).toMatchImageSnapshot();
});

See the examples for more detailed usage or read about an example use case in the American Express Technology Blog

Optional configuration:

toMatchImageSnapshot() takes an optional options object with the following properties:

  • customDiffConfig: Custom config passed to pixelmatch (See options section)
    • By default we have set the threshold to 0.01, you can increase that value by passing a customDiffConfig as demonstrated below.
    • Please note the threshold set in the customDiffConfig is the per pixel sensitivity threshold. For example with a source pixel colour of #ffffff (white) and a comparison pixel colour of #fcfcfc (really light grey) if you set the threshold to 0 then it would trigger a failure on that pixel. However if you were to use say 0.5 then it wouldn't, the colour difference would need to be much more extreme to trigger a failure on that pixel, say #000000 (black)
  • customSnapshotsDir: A custom absolute path of a directory to keep this snapshot in
  • customSnapshotIdentifier: A custom name to give this snapshot. If not provided one is computed automatically
  • noColors: (default false) Removes colouring from console output, useful if storing the results in a file
  • failureThreshold: (default 0) Sets the threshold that would trigger a test failure based on the failureThresholdType selected. This is different to the customDiffConfig.threshold above, that is the per pixel failure threshold, this is the failure threshold for the entire comparison.
  • failureThresholdType: (default pixel) (options percent or pixel) Sets the type of threshold that would trigger a failure.
  • updatePassedSnapshot: (default false) Updates a snapshot even if it passed the threshold against the existing one.
  it('should demonstrate this matcher`s usage with a custom pixelmatch config', () => {
    ...
    const customConfig = { threshold: 0.5 };
    expect(image).toMatchImageSnapshot({
      customDiffConfig: customConfig,
      customSnapshotIdentifier: 'customSnapshotName',
      noColors: true
    });
  });

The failure threshold can be set in percent, in this case if the difference is over 1%.

  it('should fail if there is more than a 1% difference', () => {
    ...
    expect(image).toMatchImageSnapshot({
      failureThreshold: '0.01',
      failureThresholdType: 'percent'
    });
  });

Custom defaults can be set with a configurable extension. This will allow for customization of this module's defaults. For example, a 0% default threshold can be shared across all tests with the configuration below:

const { configureToMatchImageSnapshot } = require('jest-image-snapshot');

const customConfig = { threshold: 0 };
const toMatchImageSnapshot = configureToMatchImageSnapshot({
  customDiffConfig: customConfig,
  noColors: true,
});
expect.extend({ toMatchImageSnapshot });

Recipes

Upload diff images from failed tests

Example Image Upload Test Reporter

If you are using jest-image-snapshot in an ephemeral environment (like a Continuous Integration server) where the file system does not persist, you might want a way to retrieve those images for diagnostics or historical reference. This example shows how to use a custom Jest Reporter that will run after every test, and if there were any images created because they failed the diff test, upload those images to an AWS S3 bucket.

To enable this image reporter, add it to your jest.config.js "reporters" definition:

"reporters": [ "default", "<rootDir>/image-reporter.js" ]

How it works

Given an image (Buffer instance with PNG image data) the toMatchImageSnapshot() matcher will create a __image_snapshots__ directory in the directory the test is in and will store the baseline snapshot image there on the first run. Note that if customSnapshotsDir option is given then it will store baseline snapshot there instead.

On subsequent test runs the matcher will compare the image being passed against the stored snapshot.

To update the stored image snapshot run Jest with --updateSnapshot or -u argument. All this works the same way as Jest snapshots.

See it in action

Typically this matcher is used to for visual tests that run on a browser. For example let's say I finish working on a feature and want to write a test to prevent visual regressions:

  ...
  it('renders correctly', async () => {
    const page = await browser.newPage();
    await page.goto('https://localhost:3000');
    const image = await page.screenshot();

    expect(image).toMatchImageSnapshot();
  });
  ...

Then after a few days as I finish adding another feature to my component I notice one of my tests failing!

Oh no! I must have introduced a regression! Let's see what the diff looks like to identify what I need to fix:

And now that I know that I broke the card art I can fix it!

Thanks jest-image-snapshot, that broken header would not have looked good in production!

Contributing

We welcome Your interest in the American Express Open Source Community on Github. Any Contributor to any Open Source Project managed by the American Express Open Source Community must accept and sign an Agreement indicating agreement to the terms below. Except for the rights granted in this Agreement to American Express and to recipients of software distributed by American Express, You reserve all right, title, and interest, if any, in and to Your Contributions. Please fill out the Agreement.

Please feel free to open pull requests and see CONTRIBUTING.md for commit formatting details.

License

Any contributions made under this project will be governed by the Apache License 2.0.

Code of Conduct

This project adheres to the American Express Community Guidelines. By participating, you are expected to honor these guidelines.