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ActsAsTree -- Extends ActiveRecord to add simple support for organizing items into parent–children relationships.
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README.md

ActsAsTree

Build Status Gem Version

ActsAsTree extends ActiveRecord to add simple support for organizing items into parent–children relationships. By default, ActsAsTree expects a foreign key column called parent_id.

Example

class Category < ActiveRecord::Base
  acts_as_tree order: "name"
end

root      = Category.create("name" => "root")
child1    = root.children.create("name" => "child1")
subchild1 = child1.children.create("name" => "subchild1")

root.parent   # => nil
child1.parent # => root
root.children # => [child1]
root.children.first.children.first # => subchild1

We also have a convenient TreeView module you can mixin if you want a little visual representation of the tree strucuture. Example:

class Category < ActiveRecord::Base
  extend ActsAsTree::TreeView

  acts_as_tree order: 'name'
end

> Category.tree_view(:name)
root
 |_ child1
 |    |_ subchild1
 |    |_ subchild2
 |_ child2
      |_ subchild3
      |_ subchild4
=> nil

And there's a TreeWalker module (traversing the tree using depth-first search (default) or breadth-first search) as well. Example given the Model Page as

class Page < ActiveRecord::Base
  extend ActsAsTree::TreeWalker

  acts_as_tree order: 'rank'
end

In your view you could traverse the tree using

<% Page.walk_tree do |page, level| %>
  <%= link_to "#{'-'*level}#{page.name}", page_path(page) %><br />
<% end %>

You also could use walk_tree as an instance method such as:

<% Page.first.walk_tree do |page, level| %>
  <%= link_to "#{'-'*level}#{page.name}", page_path(page) %><br />
<% end %>

Compatibility

We no longer support Ruby 1.8 or versions of Rails/ActiveRecord older than 3.0. If you're using a version of ActiveRecord older than 3.0 please use 0.1.1.

Moving forward we will do our best to support the latest versions of ActiveRecord and Ruby.

Change Log

The Change Log has moved to the releases page.

Note on Patches/Pull Requests

  1. Fork the project.
  2. Make your feature addition or bug fix.
  3. Add tests for it. This is important so we don't break it in a future version unintentionally.
  4. Commit, do not mess with rakefile, version, or history. (if you want to have your own version, that is fine but bump version in a commit by itself so we can ignore when we pull)
  5. Send us a pull request. Bonus points for topic branches.
  6. All contributors to this project, after their first accepted patch, are given push access to the repository and are welcome as full contributors to ActsAsTree. All we ask is that all changes go through CI and a Pull Request before merging.

Releasing new versions

  1. We follow Semver. So if you're shipping interface breaking changes then bump the major version. We don't care if we ship version 1101.1.1, as long as people know that 1101.1.1 has breaking differences from 1100.0. If you're adding new features, but not changing existing functionality bump the minor version, if you're shipping a bugfix, just bump the patch.
  2. Following the above rules, change the version found in lib/acts_as_tree/version.rb.
  3. Commit these changes in one "release-prep" commit (on the master branch).
  4. Push that commit up to the repo.
  5. Run rake release This will create and push a tag to GitHub, then generate a gem and push it to Rubygems.
  6. Create a new release from the tag on GitHub, by choosing "Draft a new release" button on the releases tab and include the relevant changes in the description.
  7. Profit.

License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2007 David Heinemeier Hansson

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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