Leiningen plugin for working with monorepos.
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greglook Merge pull request #43 from amperity/graph-target-opts
Allow graph subtask to take targeting options
Latest commit 23d1834 Jan 17, 2019




lein-monolith is a Leiningen plugin to work with multiple projects inside a monorepo. At a high level, the plugin gives you a way to:

  • Share configuration across subprojects, such as :repositories, :managed-dependencies, :env, etc.
  • Run tasks across a multiple projects matching sophisticated selection criteria.
  • Run tasks across a globally-merged view of multiple projects.
  • Query dependencies, generate graphs, and other utilities.

For a more detailed introduction to the project and some motivation, see this 2016 Seajure presentation.


Library releases are published on Clojars. To use the latest version with Leiningen, add the following plugin to your user profile or project definitions:

Clojars Project


The monolith task provides several commands to make working with monorepos easier. In order to use them, you'll need to create some configuration telling the plugin where your subprojects are.

The configuration is provided by a metaproject, which lives in the repository root and must contain a value for the :monolith project key. Create a top-level project.clj file and add the plugin and monolith entries.

See the configuration docs for more details about the available options.


lein-monolith can be used inside the individual projects within the monorepo, or you can use it from the repository root to operate on all the subprojects together.

Targeting Options

Many tasks which operate on multiple projects accept targeting options, which generally select or filter the command to a subset of the subprojects.

  • :in <names> Add the named projects directly to the targets.
  • :upstream Add the transitive dependencies of the current project to the targets.
  • :upstream-of <names> Add the transitive dependencies of the named projects to the targets.
  • :downstream Add the transitive consumers of the current project to the targets.
  • :downstream-of <names> Add the transitive consumers of the named projects to the targets.
  • :select <key> Use a selector from the config to filter target projects.
  • :skip <names> Exclude one or more projects from the target set.

Each <names> argument can contain multiple comma-separated project names, and all the targeting options may be provided multiple times.

Subproject Info

To see a list of all the projects that lein-monolith knows about, you can use the info task:

lein monolith info [:bare] [targets]

This will print out the config file location, coordinates of every subproject found, and a relative path to their location within the repo. For scripting, you can pass the :bare flag, which will restrict the output to just the project name and path.

The plugin also provides the deps-on task to query which subprojects have a certain dependency:

lein monolith deps-on example/lib-b

Or you can go the other way with deps-of to find the subprojects which a certain project depends on:

lein monolith deps-of example/app-a

Subproject Iteration

A useful higher-order task is each, which will run the following commands on every subproject in the repo, in dependency order. That means that projects which don't depend on any other internal projects will run first, letting you do things like:

lein monolith each check
lein monolith each :upstream :parallel 4 install
lein monolith each :start my-lib/foo do check, test
lein monolith each :select :deployable uberjar

In addition to targeting options, each accepts:

  • :start <name> provide a starting point for the subproject iteration.
  • :parallel run subproject tasks concurrently, up to the number of specified threads.
  • :endure continue applying the task to every subproject, even if one fails. If any projects fail, the command will still exit with a failure status. This is useful in situations such as CI tests, where you don't want a failure to halt iteration.
  • :report show a detailed timing report after the tasks finish executing.
  • :output path to a directory to save individual build output in.

Incremental Builds

The :refresh option only visits projects that have changed since the last :refresh. This allows incrementally building your projects:

lein monolith each :refresh ci/build install

The project is only considered refreshed if the task is successful. This means you can run tests over the projects that have changed since the last successful test run:

lein monolith each :refresh ci/test test

Behind the scenes, lein-monolith is storing hashed fingerprints of each project, which you can inspect and manually manipulate:

lein monolith changed
lein monolith mark-fresh :upstream ci/build
lein monolith clear-fingerprints ci/test

Merged Source Profile

The plugin can create a profile with :resource-paths, :source-paths and :test-paths updated to include the source and test files from multiple projects in the monorepo. The profile also sets :dependencies on each internal project, giving you a closure of all dependencies across all the subprojects.

This can be useful for running lint and tests on multiple subprojects at once:

lein monolith with-all [targeting] test

Checkout Links

The link task creates checkout symlinks to all the internal packages that this project depends on. The plugin also includes an unlink task as a convenience method for removing checkout dependencies.

To link checkouts for all transitive dependencies, you can pass the :deep option.

If you have existing checkout links which conflict, you'll get warnings. To override them, you can pass the :force option.

lein monolith link [:deep :force] [project...]
lein monolith unlink

In general, it's recommended to only link between the projects you're actually actively working on, otherwise Leiningen has to recursively trace the full tree of checkouts before running things.


Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0. See the LICENSE file for rights and restrictions.