HAProxy Zabbix Discovery and Template
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README.md

HAProxy Zabbix Discovery and Template

Zabbix is a powerful open-source monitoring platform, capable of monitoring anything and everything, with the right configuration. Zabbix's powerful Discovery capability is awesome, making it possible to automatically register hosts as they come online or monitor database servers without having to add individual databases and tables one by one. This repo contains everything you need to discover and monitor HAProxy frontends, backends and backend servers.

HAProxy is an awesome multi-purpose load-balancer.

HAProxy is a free, very fast and reliable solution offering high availability, load balancing, and proxying for TCP and HTTP-based applications. It is particularly suited for very high traffic web sites and powers quite a number of the world's most visited ones. Over the years it has become the de-facto standard opensource load balancer, is now shipped with most mainstream Linux distributions, and is often deployed by default in cloud platforms.

Latest / Changelog

  • [01/20/2017]: replaced single XML template with two - one for Zabbix v2 and another for v3
  • [09/08/2015]: now all stats are retrieved via haproxy_stats.sh script, which caches the stats for 5 minutes (by default) to avoid hitting HAProxy stats socket too much.

Prerequisites

  • Zabbix Server >= 2.x (tested on 2.2 and 2.4)
  • Zabbix Frontend >= 2.x
  • HAProxy >= 1.3
  • Socat (when using sockets) or nc (when accessing haproxy status via tcp connection)

Instructions

  • Place userparameter_haproxy.conf into /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.d/ directory, assuming you have Include set in zabbix_agend.conf, like so:
### Option: Include
# You may include individual files or all files in a directory in the configuration file.
# Installing Zabbix will create include directory in /usr/local/etc, unless modified during the compile time.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
Include=/etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.d/
  • Place haproxy_discovery.sh into /usr/local/bin/ directory and make sure it's executable (sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/haproxy_discovery.sh)
  • Import appropriate haproxy_zbx_v2_template.xml or haproxy_zbx_v3_template.xml template via Zabbix Web UI interface (provided by zabbix-frontend-php package)
  • Configure HAProxy control socket
    • Configure HAProxy to listen on /var/run/haproxy/info.sock
    • or set custom socket path in checks (set {$HAPROXY_SOCK} template macro to your custom socket path)
    • or update userparameter_haproxy.conf and haproxy_discovery.sh with your socket path
  • Customize your HAProxy config file location via {$HAPROXY_CONFIG} template macro, if necessary
# haproxy.conf snippet
# haproxy read-only non-admin socket
## (user level permissions are required, admin level will work as well, though not necessary)
global
  # default usage, through socket
  stats socket /var/run/haproxy/info.sock  mode 666 level user
  ## alternative usage, using tcp connection (useful e.g. when haproxy runs inside a docker and zabbix-agent in another)
  ## replace socket path by ip:port combination on both scripts when using this approach, e.g. 172.17.0.1:9000
  #stats socket *:9000

MAKE SURE TO HAVE APPROPRIATE PERMISSIONS ON HAPROXY SOCKET
You can specify what permissions a stats socker file will be created with in haproxy.cfg. When using non-admin socket for stats, it's mostly safe to allow very loose permissions (0666).
You can even use something more restrictive like 0660, as long as you add Zabbix Agent's running user (usually "zabbix") to the HAProxy group (usually "haproxy").
This way you don't have to prepend socat with sudo in userparameter_haproxy.conf to make sure Zabbix Agent can access the socket. And you don't have to create /etc/sudoers entry for Zabbix. And don't need to remember to make it restrictive, avoiding all implication of misconfiguring use of SUDO.
The symptom of permissions problem on the socket is the following error from Zabbix Agent:
Received value [] is not suitable for value type [Numeric (unsigned)] and data type [Decimal]

  • Verify on server with HAProxy installed:
anapsix@lb1:~$ sudo zabbix_agentd -t haproxy.list.discovery[FRONTEND]
  haproxy.list.discovery[FRONTEND]              [t|{"data":[{"{#FRONTEND_NAME}":"http-frontend"},{"{#FRONTEND_NAME}":"https-frontend"}]}]
    
anapsix@lb1:~$ sudo zabbix_agentd -t haproxy.list.discovery[BACKEND]
  haproxy.list.discovery[BACKEND]               [t|{"data":[{"{#BACKEND_NAME}":"www-backend"},{"{#BACKEND_NAME}":"api-backend"}]}]
    
anapsix@lb1:~$ sudo zabbix_agentd -t haproxy.list.discovery[SERVERS]
  haproxy.list.discovery[SERVERS]               [t|{"data":[{"{#BACKEND_NAME}":"www-backend","{#SERVER_NAME}":"www01"},{"{#BACKEND_NAME}":"www-backend","{#SERVER_NAME}":"www02"},{"{#BACKEND_NAME}":"www-backend","{#SERVER_NAME}":"www03"},{"{#BACKEND_NAME}":"api-backend","{#SERVER_NAME}":"api01"},{"{#BACKEND_NAME}":"api-backend","{#SERVER_NAME}":"api02"},{"{#BACKEND_NAME}":"api-backend","{#SERVER_NAME}":"api03"}]}]
  • Add hosts with HAProxy installed to just imported Zabbix HAProxy template.
  • Wait for discovery.. Frontend(s), Backend(s) and Server(s) should show up under Host Items.
    An easy way to see all data is via Overview (make sure to pick right Group, one of the "HAProxy" applications and select Data as Type)

Troubleshooting

Discover

/usr/local/bin/haproxy_discovery.sh $1 $2
$1 is a path to haproxy socket
$2 is FRONTEND or BACKEND or SERVERS

# /usr/local/bin/haproxy_discovery.sh /var/run/haproxy/info.sock FRONTEND    # second argument is optional
# /usr/local/bin/haproxy_discovery.sh /var/run/haproxy/info.sock BACKEND     # second argument is optional
# /usr/local/bin/haproxy_discovery.sh /var/run/haproxy/info.sock SERVERS     # second argument is optional

haproxy_stats.sh script

## Usage: haproxy_stats.sh $1 $2 $3 $4
### $1 is a path to haproxy socket - optional, defaults to /var/run/haproxy/info.sock
### $2 is a name of the backend, as set in haproxy.cfg
### $3 is a name of the server, as set in haproxy.cfg
### $4 is a stat as references by HAProxy terminology
# haproxy_stats.sh /var/run/haproxy/info.sock www-backend www01 status
# haproxy_stats.sh www-backend BACKEND status
# haproxy_stats.sh https-frontend FRONTEND status

For the list of stats HAProxy supports as of version 1.5
see TEXT: http://www.haproxy.org/download/1.5/doc/configuration.txt see HTML: http://cbonte.github.io/haproxy-dconv/configuration-1.5.html#9.1

Stats

## Bytes In:      echo "show stat" | socat $1 stdio | grep "^$2,$3" | cut -d, -f9
## Bytes Out:     echo "show stat" | socat $1 stdio | grep "^$2,$3" | cut -d, -f10
## Session Rate:  echo "show stat" | socat $1 stdio | grep "^$2,$3" | cut -d, -f5
### $1 is a path to haproxy socket
### $2 is a name of the backend, as set in haproxy.cfg
### $3 is a name of the server, as set in haproxy.cfg
# echo "show stat" | socat /var/run/haproxy/info.sock stdio | grep "^www-backend,www01" | cut -d, -f9
# echo "show stat" | socat /var/run/haproxy/info.sock stdio | grep "^www-backend,BACKEND" | cut -d, -f10
# echo "show stat" | socat /var/run/haproxy/info.sock stdio | grep "^https-frontend,FRONTEND" | cut -d, -f5
# echo "show stat" | socat /var/run/haproxy/info.sock stdio | grep "^api-backend,api02" | cut -d, -f18 | cut -d\  -f1

More

Take a look at the out put of the following to learn more about what is available though HAProxy socket

echo "show stat" | socat /var/run/haproxy/info.sock stdio

License

MIT License

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2015 "Anastas Dancha <anapsix@random.io>"

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
THE SOFTWARE.