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Modularized veewee definitions for building Vagrant baseboxes
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Bento is a project that encapsulates Veewee definitions for building Vagrant baseboxes. We use these boxes internally at Opscode for testing Hosted Chef, Private Chef and our open source cookbooks.

These basebox definitions are originally based on work done by Tim Dysinger to make "Don't Repeat Yourself" (DRY) modular baseboxes. Thanks Tim!

The following baseboxes are publicly available and were built using this project.

Getting Started

First, clone the project, then install the required Gems with Bundler.

$ git clone git://
$ cd bento
$ bundle install --binstubs

List available baseboxes that can be built:

$ bundle exec vagrant basebox list

Build, for example, the ubuntu-12.04 basebox.

$ bundle exec vagrant basebox build ubuntu-12.04

You can validate the basebox using Veewee's built in validator. However note that the test for Ruby (and Puppet) will fail. The Ruby installation is in /opt/chef/embedded, and we do not add the bin directory to the $PATH, and we don't use Puppet internally.

$ bundle exec vagrant basebox validate ubuntu-12.04

Aside from that, the basebox should be ready to use. Export it:

$ bundle exec vagrant basebox export ubuntu-12.04

Congratulations! You now have ./, a fully functional basebox that you can then add to Vagrant and start testing cookbooks.

How It Works

Veewee reads the definition specified and automatically builds a VirtualBox machine. The VirtualBox guest additions and the target OS ISO are downloaded into the iso/ directory.

We use Veewee version 0.3.0.alpha+ because it contains fixes for building CentOS boxes under certain circumstances.


The definitions themselves are split up into directories that get symlinked into specific basebox directories.

Most of the files are symlinked for a particular box. The one exception is the definition.rb file, which contains the specific configuration for the Veewee session for a basebox, including the ISO filename, its source URL, and the MD5 checksum of the file.


  • Installs Chef and Ruby with Opscode's full stack installer
  • Zeroes out the root disk to reduce file size of the box
  • Deprecated Use
  • session.rb: Baseline session settings for Veewee
  • Installs VirtualBox Guest Additions, adds the Vagrant SSH key


  • Removes unneeded packages, cleans up package cache, and removes the VBox ISO and Chef rpm
  • ks.cfg: Kickstart file for automated OS installation
  • session.rb: General CentOS session settings for Veewee


  • Removes unneeded packages, cleans up package cache, and removes the VBox ISO and Chef deb
  • Removes networking setup like udev that may interfere with Vagrant network setup
  • preseed.cfg: The Debian Preseed file for automated OS installation
  • session.rb: General Ubuntu session settings for Veewee
  • Customization for /etc/sudoers
  • Ensures that the OS installation is updated

Bugs and Issues

Use the issue tracker to report bugs, features or other issues.


How to contribute to Opscode open source software projects

License and Authors

Copyright:: 2012, Opscode, Inc ( Copyright:: 2011-2012, Tim Dysinger (

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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