Largely copied from avl (https://www.npmjs.com/package/avl), but with a Promise-based comparator!
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README.md

AVL tree

Promise-based AVL-tree: Largely copied from avl, but the comparator function returns a Promise!

Existing AVL modules perform all operations synchronously. But what if your custom comparator function is asynchronous? -- for example, if you need to perform a database query, a network request or wait for a user's input.

avl-promise to the rescue! However, the performance takes a hit -- even if your async comparator immediatly resolves to a numeric value. So, use with caution and at your own risk.

Operation Average Worst case
Space O(n) O(n)
Search O(log n) O(log n)
Insert O(log n) O(log n)
Delete O(log n) O(log n)

Install

npm i -S avl-promise
import AVLTree from 'avl-promise';
const tree = new AVLTree();

Or use the compiled version 'dist/avl-promise.js'.

Try it in your browser

API

Synchronous methods

  • new AVLTree([compare], [noDuplicates:Boolean]), where compare is optional comparison Promise-returning function
  • tree.at(index:Number):Node|Null - Return node by its index in sorted order of keys
  • tree.forEach(function(node) {...}):Tree In-order traversal
  • tree.keys():Array<key> - Returns the array of keys in order
  • tree.values():Array<*> - Returns the array of data fields in order
  • tree.pop():Node - Removes smallest node
  • tree.min():key - Returns min key
  • tree.max():key - Returns max key
  • tree.minNode():Node - Returns the node with smallest key
  • tree.maxNode():Node - Returns the node with highest key
  • tree.prev(node):Node - Predecessor node
  • tree.next(node):Node - Successor node

Promise methods

The following methods are dependent on the compare function and, as such, return Promises.

  • tree.insert(key:any, [data:any]) - Insert item
  • tree.find(key):Node|Null - Return node by its key
  • tree.contains(key):Boolean - Whether a node with the given key is in the tree
  • tree.load(keys:Array<*>, [values:Array<*>]):Tree - Bulk-load items
  • tree.remove(key:any) - Remove item
  • tree.range(lo, high, function(node) {} [, context]):Tree - Walks the range of keys in order. Stops, if the visitor function returns a non-zero value.

Comparator

function(a:key,b:key):Promise(Number) - Comparator function between two keys, it resolves to:

  • 0 if the keys are equal
  • <0 if a < b
  • >0 if a > b

The comparator function is extremely important, in case of errors you might end up with a wrongly constructed tree or would not be able to retrieve your items. It is crucial to test the return values of your comparator(a,b) and comparator(b,a) to make sure it's working correctly, otherwise you may have bugs that are very unpredictable and hard to catch.

Duplicate keys

By default, tree allows duplicate keys. You can disable that by passing true as a second parameter to the tree constructor. In that case if you would try to instert an item with the key, that is already present in the tree, it will not be inserted. However, the default behavior allows for duplicate keys, cause there are cases where you cannot predict that the keys would be unique (example: overlapping points in 2D).

Example

import Tree from 'avl';

const t = new Tree();
t.insert(5)
  .then(t.insert(-10))
  .then(t.insert(0))
  .then(t.insert(33))
  .then(t.insert(2))
  .then(() => {
    console.log(t.keys()); // [-10, 0, 2, 5, 33]
    console.log(t.size);   // 5
    console.log(t.min());  // -10
    console.log(t.max());  // -33

    return t.remove(0);
  })
  .then(() => console.log(t.size));   // 4

Custom comparator (reverse sort)

import Tree from 'avl';

const t = new Tree((a, b) => b - a);
t.insert(5)
  .then(() => t.insert(-10))
  .then(() => t.insert(0))
  .then(() => t.insert(33))
  .then(() => t.insert(2))
  .then(() => console.log(t.keys())); // [33, 5, 2, 0, -10]

Bulk insert

import Tree from 'avl';

const t = new Tree();
t.load([3,2,-10,20], ['C', 'B', 'A', 'D'])
  .then(() => {
    console.log(t.keys());   // [-10, 2, 3, 20]
    console.log(t.values()); // ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D']
  });

Benchmarks

npm run benchmark
Insert (x1000)
Bintrees x 3,276 ops/sec ±5.03% (71 runs sampled)
Functional red black tree x 1,648 ops/sec ±9.58% (70 runs sampled)
Google Closure library AVL x 564 ops/sec ±8.28% (76 runs sampled)
AVL (sync version) x 5,585 ops/sec ±2.74% (83 runs sampled)
AVL Promise (current) x 2.98 ops/sec ±11.09% (19 runs sampled)
- Fastest is AVL (sync version)

Random read (x1000)
Bintrees x 17,922 ops/sec ±4.22% (82 runs sampled)
Functional red black tree x 12,898 ops/sec ±6.93% (81 runs sampled)
Google Closure library AVL x 21.69 ops/sec ±11.76% (41 runs sampled)
AVL (sync version) x 9,884 ops/sec ±14.96% (65 runs sampled)
AVL Promise (current) x 33.90 ops/sec ±24.63% (48 runs sampled)
- Fastest is Bintrees

Remove (x1000)
Bintrees x 169,381 ops/sec ±5.63% (73 runs sampled)
Functional red black tree x 20,195 ops/sec ±28.25% (62 runs sampled)
Google Closure library AVL x 25,000 ops/sec ±11.19% (77 runs sampled)
AVL (sync version) x 108,944 ops/sec ±1.17% (86 runs sampled)
AVL Promise (current) x 122 ops/sec ±3.17% (70 runs sampled)
- Fastest is Bintrees

Adding google closure library to the benchmark is, of course, unfair, cause the node.js version of it is not optimised by the compiler, but in this case it plays the role of straight-forward robust implementation.

Develop

npm i
npm t
npm run build

Acknowledgements

Many thanks to Alexander Milevski, whoose module avl was adapted (both the code and the docs), with just the minimum changes needed to make it work asynchronously, to create avl-promise.

License

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2018 André Santos andrefs@andrefs.com

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.