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/** @file
Elf64 convert solution
Copyright (c) 2010 - 2014, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.<BR>
Portions copyright (c) 2013-2014, ARM Ltd. All rights reserved.<BR>
This program and the accompanying materials are licensed and made available
under the terms and conditions of the BSD License which accompanies this
distribution. The full text of the license may be found at
http://opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php
THE PROGRAM IS DISTRIBUTED UNDER THE BSD LICENSE ON AN "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.
**/
#include "WinNtInclude.h"
#ifndef __GNUC__
#include <windows.h>
#include <io.h>
#endif
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <Common/UefiBaseTypes.h>
#include <IndustryStandard/PeImage.h>
#include "PeCoffLib.h"
#include "EfiUtilityMsgs.h"
#include "GenFw.h"
#include "ElfConvert.h"
#include "Elf64Convert.h"
STATIC
VOID
ScanSections64 (
VOID
);
STATIC
BOOLEAN
WriteSections64 (
SECTION_FILTER_TYPES FilterType
);
STATIC
VOID
WriteRelocations64 (
VOID
);
STATIC
VOID
WriteDebug64 (
VOID
);
STATIC
VOID
SetImageSize64 (
VOID
);
STATIC
VOID
CleanUp64 (
VOID
);
//
// Rename ELF32 strucutres to common names to help when porting to ELF64.
//
typedef Elf64_Shdr Elf_Shdr;
typedef Elf64_Ehdr Elf_Ehdr;
typedef Elf64_Rel Elf_Rel;
typedef Elf64_Rela Elf_Rela;
typedef Elf64_Sym Elf_Sym;
typedef Elf64_Phdr Elf_Phdr;
typedef Elf64_Dyn Elf_Dyn;
#define ELFCLASS ELFCLASS64
#define ELF_R_TYPE(r) ELF64_R_TYPE(r)
#define ELF_R_SYM(r) ELF64_R_SYM(r)
//
// Well known ELF structures.
//
STATIC Elf_Ehdr *mEhdr;
STATIC Elf_Shdr *mShdrBase;
STATIC Elf_Phdr *mPhdrBase;
//
// Coff information
//
STATIC UINT32 mCoffAlignment = 0x20;
//
// PE section alignment.
//
STATIC const UINT16 mCoffNbrSections = 4;
//
// ELF sections to offset in Coff file.
//
STATIC UINT32 *mCoffSectionsOffset = NULL;
//
// Offsets in COFF file
//
STATIC UINT32 mNtHdrOffset;
STATIC UINT32 mTextOffset;
STATIC UINT32 mDataOffset;
STATIC UINT32 mHiiRsrcOffset;
STATIC UINT32 mRelocOffset;
STATIC UINT32 mDebugOffset;
//
// Initialization Function
//
BOOLEAN
InitializeElf64 (
UINT8 *FileBuffer,
ELF_FUNCTION_TABLE *ElfFunctions
)
{
//
// Initialize data pointer and structures.
//
VerboseMsg ("Set EHDR");
mEhdr = (Elf_Ehdr*) FileBuffer;
//
// Check the ELF64 specific header information.
//
VerboseMsg ("Check ELF64 Header Information");
if (mEhdr->e_ident[EI_CLASS] != ELFCLASS64) {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Unsupported", "ELF EI_DATA not ELFCLASS64");
return FALSE;
}
if (mEhdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] != ELFDATA2LSB) {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Unsupported", "ELF EI_DATA not ELFDATA2LSB");
return FALSE;
}
if ((mEhdr->e_type != ET_EXEC) && (mEhdr->e_type != ET_DYN)) {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Unsupported", "ELF e_type not ET_EXEC or ET_DYN");
return FALSE;
}
if (!((mEhdr->e_machine == EM_X86_64) || (mEhdr->e_machine == EM_AARCH64) || (mEhdr->e_machine == EM_PPC64))) {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Unsupported", "ELF e_machine not EM_X86_64, EM_AARCH64, EM_PPC64");
return FALSE;
}
if (mEhdr->e_version != EV_CURRENT) {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Unsupported", "ELF e_version (%u) not EV_CURRENT (%d)", (unsigned) mEhdr->e_version, EV_CURRENT);
return FALSE;
}
//
// Update section header pointers
//
VerboseMsg ("Update Header Pointers");
mShdrBase = (Elf_Shdr *)((UINT8 *)mEhdr + mEhdr->e_shoff);
mPhdrBase = (Elf_Phdr *)((UINT8 *)mEhdr + mEhdr->e_phoff);
//
// Create COFF Section offset buffer and zero.
//
VerboseMsg ("Create COFF Section Offset Buffer");
mCoffSectionsOffset = (UINT32 *)malloc(mEhdr->e_shnum * sizeof (UINT32));
memset(mCoffSectionsOffset, 0, mEhdr->e_shnum * sizeof(UINT32));
//
// Fill in function pointers.
//
VerboseMsg ("Fill in Function Pointers");
ElfFunctions->ScanSections = ScanSections64;
ElfFunctions->WriteSections = WriteSections64;
ElfFunctions->WriteRelocations = WriteRelocations64;
ElfFunctions->WriteDebug = WriteDebug64;
ElfFunctions->SetImageSize = SetImageSize64;
ElfFunctions->CleanUp = CleanUp64;
return TRUE;
}
//
// Header by Index functions
//
STATIC
Elf_Shdr*
GetShdrByIndex (
UINT32 Num
)
{
if (Num >= mEhdr->e_shnum)
return NULL;
return (Elf_Shdr*)((UINT8*)mShdrBase + Num * mEhdr->e_shentsize);
}
STATIC
UINT32
CoffAlign (
UINT32 Offset
)
{
return (Offset + mCoffAlignment - 1) & ~(mCoffAlignment - 1);
}
STATIC
UINT32
DebugRvaAlign (
UINT32 Offset
)
{
return (Offset + 3) & ~3;
}
//
// filter functions
//
STATIC
BOOLEAN
IsTextShdr (
Elf_Shdr *Shdr
)
{
if (Shdr->sh_type == SHT_RELA || Shdr->sh_type == SHT_REL) {
return FALSE;
}
return (BOOLEAN) ((Shdr->sh_flags & (SHF_WRITE | SHF_ALLOC)) == SHF_ALLOC);
}
STATIC
BOOLEAN
IsHiiRsrcShdr (
Elf_Shdr *Shdr
)
{
Elf_Shdr *Namedr = GetShdrByIndex(mEhdr->e_shstrndx);
return (BOOLEAN) (strcmp((CHAR8*)mEhdr + Namedr->sh_offset + Shdr->sh_name, ELF_HII_SECTION_NAME) == 0);
}
STATIC
BOOLEAN
IsDataShdr (
Elf_Shdr *Shdr
)
{
if (Shdr->sh_type == SHT_RELA || Shdr->sh_type == SHT_REL) {
return FALSE;
}
if (IsHiiRsrcShdr(Shdr)) {
return FALSE;
}
return (BOOLEAN) (Shdr->sh_flags & (SHF_WRITE | SHF_ALLOC)) == (SHF_ALLOC | SHF_WRITE);
}
//
// Elf functions interface implementation
//
STATIC
VOID
ScanSections64 (
VOID
)
{
UINT32 i;
EFI_IMAGE_DOS_HEADER *DosHdr;
EFI_IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER_UNION *NtHdr;
UINT32 CoffEntry;
UINT32 SectionCount;
BOOLEAN FoundSection;
CoffEntry = 0;
mCoffOffset = 0;
//
// Coff file start with a DOS header.
//
mCoffOffset = sizeof(EFI_IMAGE_DOS_HEADER) + 0x40;
mNtHdrOffset = mCoffOffset;
switch (mEhdr->e_machine) {
case EM_X86_64:
case EM_IA_64:
case EM_AARCH64:
case EM_PPC64:
mCoffOffset += sizeof (EFI_IMAGE_NT_HEADERS64);
break;
default:
VerboseMsg ("%s unknown e_machine type. Assume X64", (UINTN)mEhdr->e_machine);
mCoffOffset += sizeof (EFI_IMAGE_NT_HEADERS64);
break;
}
mTableOffset = mCoffOffset;
mCoffOffset += mCoffNbrSections * sizeof(EFI_IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER);
//
// Set mCoffAlignment to the maximum alignment of the input sections
// we care about
//
for (i = 0; i < mEhdr->e_shnum; i++) {
Elf_Shdr *shdr = GetShdrByIndex(i);
if (shdr->sh_addralign <= mCoffAlignment) {
continue;
}
if (IsTextShdr(shdr) || IsDataShdr(shdr) || IsHiiRsrcShdr(shdr)) {
mCoffAlignment = (UINT32)shdr->sh_addralign;
}
}
//
// Move the PE/COFF header right before the first section. This will help us
// save space when converting to TE.
//
if (mCoffAlignment > mCoffOffset) {
mNtHdrOffset += mCoffAlignment - mCoffOffset;
mTableOffset += mCoffAlignment - mCoffOffset;
mCoffOffset = mCoffAlignment;
}
//
// First text sections.
//
mCoffOffset = CoffAlign(mCoffOffset);
mTextOffset = mCoffOffset;
FoundSection = FALSE;
SectionCount = 0;
for (i = 0; i < mEhdr->e_shnum; i++) {
Elf_Shdr *shdr = GetShdrByIndex(i);
if (IsTextShdr(shdr)) {
if ((shdr->sh_addralign != 0) && (shdr->sh_addralign != 1)) {
// the alignment field is valid
if ((shdr->sh_addr & (shdr->sh_addralign - 1)) == 0) {
// if the section address is aligned we must align PE/COFF
mCoffOffset = (UINT32) ((mCoffOffset + shdr->sh_addralign - 1) & ~(shdr->sh_addralign - 1));
} else {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "Section address not aligned to its own alignment.");
}
}
/* Relocate entry. */
if ((mEhdr->e_entry >= shdr->sh_addr) &&
(mEhdr->e_entry < shdr->sh_addr + shdr->sh_size)) {
CoffEntry = (UINT32) (mCoffOffset + mEhdr->e_entry - shdr->sh_addr);
}
//
// Set mTextOffset with the offset of the first '.text' section
//
if (!FoundSection) {
mTextOffset = mCoffOffset;
FoundSection = TRUE;
}
mCoffSectionsOffset[i] = mCoffOffset;
mCoffOffset += (UINT32) shdr->sh_size;
SectionCount ++;
}
}
if (!FoundSection) {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "Did not find any '.text' section.");
assert (FALSE);
}
mDebugOffset = DebugRvaAlign(mCoffOffset);
mCoffOffset = CoffAlign(mCoffOffset);
if (SectionCount > 1 && mOutImageType == FW_EFI_IMAGE) {
Warning (NULL, 0, 0, NULL, "Mulitple sections in %s are merged into 1 text section. Source level debug might not work correctly.", mInImageName);
}
//
// Then data sections.
//
mDataOffset = mCoffOffset;
FoundSection = FALSE;
SectionCount = 0;
for (i = 0; i < mEhdr->e_shnum; i++) {
Elf_Shdr *shdr = GetShdrByIndex(i);
if (IsDataShdr(shdr)) {
if ((shdr->sh_addralign != 0) && (shdr->sh_addralign != 1)) {
// the alignment field is valid
if ((shdr->sh_addr & (shdr->sh_addralign - 1)) == 0) {
// if the section address is aligned we must align PE/COFF
mCoffOffset = (UINT32) ((mCoffOffset + shdr->sh_addralign - 1) & ~(shdr->sh_addralign - 1));
} else {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "Section address not aligned to its own alignment.");
}
}
/*
* PPC ABIv1 entry is actually a function
* descriptor, hence it is in data.
*/
if (mEhdr->e_machine == EM_PPC64) {
if ((mEhdr->e_entry >= shdr->sh_addr) &&
(mEhdr->e_entry < shdr->sh_addr + shdr->sh_size)) {
CoffEntry = (UINT32) (mCoffOffset + mEhdr->e_entry - shdr->sh_addr);
}
}
//
// Set mDataOffset with the offset of the first '.data' section
//
if (!FoundSection) {
mDataOffset = mCoffOffset;
FoundSection = TRUE;
}
mCoffSectionsOffset[i] = mCoffOffset;
mCoffOffset += (UINT32) shdr->sh_size;
SectionCount ++;
}
}
//
// Make room for .debug data in .data (or .text if .data is empty) instead of
// putting it in a section of its own. This is explicitly allowed by the
// PE/COFF spec, and prevents bloat in the binary when using large values for
// section alignment.
//
if (SectionCount > 0) {
mDebugOffset = DebugRvaAlign(mCoffOffset);
}
mCoffOffset = mDebugOffset + sizeof(EFI_IMAGE_DEBUG_DIRECTORY_ENTRY) +
sizeof(EFI_IMAGE_DEBUG_CODEVIEW_NB10_ENTRY) +
strlen(mInImageName) + 1;
mCoffOffset = CoffAlign(mCoffOffset);
if (SectionCount == 0) {
mDataOffset = mCoffOffset;
}
if (SectionCount > 1 && mOutImageType == FW_EFI_IMAGE) {
Warning (NULL, 0, 0, NULL, "Mulitple sections in %s are merged into 1 data section. Source level debug might not work correctly.", mInImageName);
}
//
// The HII resource sections.
//
mHiiRsrcOffset = mCoffOffset;
for (i = 0; i < mEhdr->e_shnum; i++) {
Elf_Shdr *shdr = GetShdrByIndex(i);
if (IsHiiRsrcShdr(shdr)) {
if ((shdr->sh_addralign != 0) && (shdr->sh_addralign != 1)) {
// the alignment field is valid
if ((shdr->sh_addr & (shdr->sh_addralign - 1)) == 0) {
// if the section address is aligned we must align PE/COFF
mCoffOffset = (UINT32) ((mCoffOffset + shdr->sh_addralign - 1) & ~(shdr->sh_addralign - 1));
} else {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "Section address not aligned to its own alignment.");
}
}
if (shdr->sh_size != 0) {
mHiiRsrcOffset = mCoffOffset;
mCoffSectionsOffset[i] = mCoffOffset;
mCoffOffset += (UINT32) shdr->sh_size;
mCoffOffset = CoffAlign(mCoffOffset);
SetHiiResourceHeader ((UINT8*) mEhdr + shdr->sh_offset, mHiiRsrcOffset);
}
break;
}
}
mRelocOffset = mCoffOffset;
//
// Allocate base Coff file. Will be expanded later for relocations.
//
mCoffFile = (UINT8 *)malloc(mCoffOffset);
memset(mCoffFile, 0, mCoffOffset);
//
// Fill headers.
//
DosHdr = (EFI_IMAGE_DOS_HEADER *)mCoffFile;
DosHdr->e_magic = EFI_IMAGE_DOS_SIGNATURE;
DosHdr->e_lfanew = mNtHdrOffset;
NtHdr = (EFI_IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER_UNION*)(mCoffFile + mNtHdrOffset);
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.Signature = EFI_IMAGE_NT_SIGNATURE;
switch (mEhdr->e_machine) {
case EM_X86_64:
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.Machine = EFI_IMAGE_MACHINE_X64;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.Magic = EFI_IMAGE_NT_OPTIONAL_HDR64_MAGIC;
break;
case EM_IA_64:
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.Machine = EFI_IMAGE_MACHINE_IPF;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.Magic = EFI_IMAGE_NT_OPTIONAL_HDR64_MAGIC;
break;
case EM_AARCH64:
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.Machine = EFI_IMAGE_MACHINE_AARCH64;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.Magic = EFI_IMAGE_NT_OPTIONAL_HDR64_MAGIC;
break;
case EM_PPC64:
if (mEhdr->e_flags == EF_PPC64_ABI_V1) {
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.Machine = EFI_IMAGE_MACHINE_PPC64_V1;
} else {
assert (mEhdr->e_flags == EF_PPC64_ABI_V2);
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.Machine = EFI_IMAGE_MACHINE_PPC64;
}
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.Magic = EFI_IMAGE_NT_OPTIONAL_HDR64_MAGIC;
break;
default:
VerboseMsg ("%s unknown e_machine type. Assume X64", (UINTN)mEhdr->e_machine);
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.Machine = EFI_IMAGE_MACHINE_X64;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.Magic = EFI_IMAGE_NT_OPTIONAL_HDR64_MAGIC;
}
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.NumberOfSections = mCoffNbrSections;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.TimeDateStamp = (UINT32) time(NULL);
mImageTimeStamp = NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.TimeDateStamp;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.PointerToSymbolTable = 0;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.NumberOfSymbols = 0;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.SizeOfOptionalHeader = sizeof(NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader);
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.Characteristics = EFI_IMAGE_FILE_EXECUTABLE_IMAGE
| EFI_IMAGE_FILE_LINE_NUMS_STRIPPED
| EFI_IMAGE_FILE_LOCAL_SYMS_STRIPPED
| EFI_IMAGE_FILE_LARGE_ADDRESS_AWARE;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.SizeOfCode = mDataOffset - mTextOffset;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.SizeOfInitializedData = mRelocOffset - mDataOffset;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.SizeOfUninitializedData = 0;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.AddressOfEntryPoint = CoffEntry;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.BaseOfCode = mTextOffset;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.ImageBase = 0;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.SectionAlignment = mCoffAlignment;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.FileAlignment = mCoffAlignment;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.SizeOfImage = 0;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.SizeOfHeaders = mTextOffset;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.NumberOfRvaAndSizes = EFI_IMAGE_NUMBER_OF_DIRECTORY_ENTRIES;
//
// Section headers.
//
if ((mDataOffset - mTextOffset) > 0) {
CreateSectionHeader (".text", mTextOffset, mDataOffset - mTextOffset,
EFI_IMAGE_SCN_CNT_CODE
| EFI_IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE
| EFI_IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ);
} else {
// Don't make a section of size 0.
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.NumberOfSections--;
}
if ((mHiiRsrcOffset - mDataOffset) > 0) {
CreateSectionHeader (".data", mDataOffset, mHiiRsrcOffset - mDataOffset,
EFI_IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA
| EFI_IMAGE_SCN_MEM_WRITE
| EFI_IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ);
} else {
// Don't make a section of size 0.
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.NumberOfSections--;
}
if ((mRelocOffset - mHiiRsrcOffset) > 0) {
CreateSectionHeader (".rsrc", mHiiRsrcOffset, mRelocOffset - mHiiRsrcOffset,
EFI_IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA
| EFI_IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ);
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.DataDirectory[EFI_IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_RESOURCE].Size = mRelocOffset - mHiiRsrcOffset;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.DataDirectory[EFI_IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_RESOURCE].VirtualAddress = mHiiRsrcOffset;
} else {
// Don't make a section of size 0.
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.NumberOfSections--;
}
}
STATIC
Elf32_Word
RelShInfo(Elf_Rela *Rel)
{
UINTN Index;
Elf_Shdr *Shdr;
for (Index = 0; Index < mEhdr->e_shnum; Index++) {
Shdr = GetShdrByIndex(Index);
if (Rel->r_offset >= Shdr->sh_addr &&
Rel->r_offset < (Shdr->sh_addr + Shdr->sh_size)) {
return Index;
}
}
return 0;
}
STATIC
BOOLEAN
RelMatchesShdr(Elf_Rela *Rel,
Elf_Shdr *Shdr)
{
if (Shdr == NULL) {
return FALSE;
}
if (Rel->r_offset >= Shdr->sh_addr &&
Rel->r_offset < (Shdr->sh_addr + Shdr->sh_size)) {
return TRUE;
}
return FALSE;
}
STATIC
BOOLEAN
WriteSections64 (
SECTION_FILTER_TYPES FilterType
)
{
UINT32 Idx;
BOOLEAN (*Filter)(Elf_Shdr *);
//
// Initialize filter pointer
//
switch (FilterType) {
case SECTION_TEXT:
Filter = IsTextShdr;
break;
case SECTION_HII:
Filter = IsHiiRsrcShdr;
break;
case SECTION_DATA:
Filter = IsDataShdr;
break;
default:
return FALSE;
}
//
// First: copy sections.
//
for (Idx = 0; Idx < mEhdr->e_shnum; Idx++) {
Elf_Shdr *Shdr = GetShdrByIndex(Idx);
if ((*Filter)(Shdr)) {
switch (Shdr->sh_type) {
case SHT_PROGBITS:
/* Copy. */
memcpy(mCoffFile + mCoffSectionsOffset[Idx],
(UINT8*)mEhdr + Shdr->sh_offset,
(size_t) Shdr->sh_size);
break;
case SHT_NOBITS:
memset(mCoffFile + mCoffSectionsOffset[Idx], 0, (size_t) Shdr->sh_size);
break;
default:
//
// Ignore for unkown section type.
//
VerboseMsg ("%s unknown section type %x. We directly copy this section into Coff file", mInImageName, (unsigned)Shdr->sh_type);
break;
}
}
}
//
// Second: apply relocations.
//
VerboseMsg ("Applying Relocations...");
for (Idx = 0; Idx < mEhdr->e_shnum; Idx++) {
Elf32_Word ShInfo;
UINT32 SecOffset;
Elf_Shdr *SecShdr = NULL;
//
// Determine if this is a relocation section.
//
Elf_Shdr *RelShdr = GetShdrByIndex(Idx);
if ((RelShdr->sh_type != SHT_REL) && (RelShdr->sh_type != SHT_RELA)) {
continue;
}
//
// Only process relocations for the current filter type.
//
if (RelShdr->sh_type == SHT_RELA) {
UINT64 RelIdx;
//
// Determine the symbol table referenced by the relocation data.
//
Elf_Shdr *SymtabShdr = GetShdrByIndex(RelShdr->sh_link);
UINT8 *Symtab = (UINT8*)mEhdr + SymtabShdr->sh_offset;
//
// Process all relocation entries for this section.
//
for (RelIdx = 0; RelIdx < RelShdr->sh_size; RelIdx += (UINT32) RelShdr->sh_entsize) {
//
// Set pointer to relocation entry
//
Elf_Rela *Rel = (Elf_Rela *)((UINT8*)mEhdr + RelShdr->sh_offset + RelIdx);
//
// Set pointer to symbol table entry associated with the relocation entry.
//
Elf_Sym *Sym = (Elf_Sym *)(Symtab + ELF_R_SYM(Rel->r_info) * SymtabShdr->sh_entsize);
Elf_Shdr *SymShdr;
UINT8 *Targ;
//
// Now extract section information that the relocations
// apply to in the ELF data and the new COFF data.
//
if (!RelMatchesShdr(Rel, SecShdr)) {
if (RelShdr->sh_info == 0) {
ShInfo = RelShInfo(Rel);
}
if (ShInfo == 0) {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid",
"unknown relocation for %s+0x%x",
mInImageName, Rel->r_offset);
}
SecShdr = GetShdrByIndex(ShInfo);
SecOffset = mCoffSectionsOffset[ShInfo];
}
if (!(*Filter)(SecShdr)) {
continue;
}
//
// Check section header index found in symbol table and get the section
// header location.
//
if (Sym->st_shndx == SHN_UNDEF
|| Sym->st_shndx == SHN_ABS
|| Sym->st_shndx > mEhdr->e_shnum) {
if (mEhdr->e_machine != EM_PPC64 ||
ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info) != R_PPC64_TOC) {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "%s bad symbol definition.", mInImageName);
}
}
SymShdr = GetShdrByIndex(Sym->st_shndx);
//
// Convert the relocation data to a pointer into the coff file.
//
// Note:
// r_offset is the virtual address of the storage unit to be relocated.
// sh_addr is the virtual address for the base of the section.
//
// r_offset in a memory address.
// Convert it to a pointer in the coff file.
//
Targ = mCoffFile + SecOffset + (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr);
//
// Determine how to handle each relocation type based on the machine type.
//
if (mEhdr->e_machine == EM_X86_64) {
switch (ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info)) {
case R_X86_64_NONE:
break;
case R_X86_64_64:
//
// Absolute relocation.
//
VerboseMsg ("R_X86_64_64");
VerboseMsg ("Offset: 0x%08X, Addend: 0x%016LX",
(UINT32)(SecOffset + (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr)),
*(UINT64 *)Targ);
*(UINT64 *)Targ = *(UINT64 *)Targ - SymShdr->sh_addr + mCoffSectionsOffset[Sym->st_shndx];
VerboseMsg ("Relocation: 0x%016LX", *(UINT64*)Targ);
break;
case R_X86_64_32:
VerboseMsg ("R_X86_64_32");
VerboseMsg ("Offset: 0x%08X, Addend: 0x%08X",
(UINT32)(SecOffset + (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr)),
*(UINT32 *)Targ);
*(UINT32 *)Targ = (UINT32)((UINT64)(*(UINT32 *)Targ) - SymShdr->sh_addr + mCoffSectionsOffset[Sym->st_shndx]);
VerboseMsg ("Relocation: 0x%08X", *(UINT32*)Targ);
break;
case R_X86_64_32S:
VerboseMsg ("R_X86_64_32S");
VerboseMsg ("Offset: 0x%08X, Addend: 0x%08X",
(UINT32)(SecOffset + (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr)),
*(UINT32 *)Targ);
*(INT32 *)Targ = (INT32)((INT64)(*(INT32 *)Targ) - SymShdr->sh_addr + mCoffSectionsOffset[Sym->st_shndx]);
VerboseMsg ("Relocation: 0x%08X", *(UINT32*)Targ);
break;
case R_X86_64_PC32:
//
// Relative relocation: Symbol - Ip + Addend
//
VerboseMsg ("R_X86_64_PC32");
VerboseMsg ("Offset: 0x%08X, Addend: 0x%08X",
(UINT32)(SecOffset + (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr)),
*(UINT32 *)Targ);
*(UINT32 *)Targ = (UINT32) (*(UINT32 *)Targ
+ (mCoffSectionsOffset[Sym->st_shndx] - SymShdr->sh_addr)
- (SecOffset - SecShdr->sh_addr));
VerboseMsg ("Relocation: 0x%08X", *(UINT32 *)Targ);
break;
default:
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "%s unsupported ELF EM_X86_64 relocation 0x%x.", mInImageName, (unsigned) ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info));
}
} else if (mEhdr->e_machine == EM_AARCH64) {
switch (ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info)) {
case R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_PG_HI21:
case R_AARCH64_ADD_ABS_LO12_NC:
case R_AARCH64_LDST8_ABS_LO12_NC:
case R_AARCH64_LDST16_ABS_LO12_NC:
case R_AARCH64_LDST32_ABS_LO12_NC:
case R_AARCH64_LDST64_ABS_LO12_NC:
case R_AARCH64_LDST128_ABS_LO12_NC:
//
// AArch64 PG_H21 relocations are typically paired with ABS_LO12
// relocations, where a PC-relative reference with +/- 4 GB range is
// split into a relative high part and an absolute low part. Since
// the absolute low part represents the offset into a 4 KB page, we
// have to make sure that the 4 KB relative offsets of both the
// section containing the reference as well as the section to which
// it refers have not been changed during PE/COFF conversion (i.e.,
// in ScanSections64() above).
//
if (((SecShdr->sh_addr ^ SecOffset) & 0xfff) != 0 ||
((SymShdr->sh_addr ^ mCoffSectionsOffset[Sym->st_shndx]) & 0xfff) != 0 ||
mCoffAlignment < 0x1000) {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "WriteSections64(): %s AARCH64 small code model requires 4 KB section alignment.",
mInImageName);
break;
}
/* fall through */
case R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_LO21:
case R_AARCH64_CONDBR19:
case R_AARCH64_LD_PREL_LO19:
case R_AARCH64_CALL26:
case R_AARCH64_JUMP26:
//
// The GCC toolchains (i.e., binutils) may corrupt section relative
// relocations when emitting relocation sections into fully linked
// binaries. More specifically, they tend to fail to take into
// account the fact that a '.rodata + XXX' relocation needs to have
// its addend recalculated once .rodata is merged into the .text
// section, and the relocation emitted into the .rela.text section.
//
// We cannot really recover from this loss of information, so the
// only workaround is to prevent having to recalculate any relative
// relocations at all, by using a linker script that ensures that
// the offset between the Place and the Symbol is the same in both
// the ELF and the PE/COFF versions of the binary.
//
if ((SymShdr->sh_addr - SecShdr->sh_addr) !=
(mCoffSectionsOffset[Sym->st_shndx] - SecOffset)) {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "WriteSections64(): %s AARCH64 relative relocations require identical ELF and PE/COFF section offsets",
mInImageName);
}
break;
// Absolute relocations.
case R_AARCH64_ABS64:
*(UINT64 *)Targ = *(UINT64 *)Targ - SymShdr->sh_addr + mCoffSectionsOffset[Sym->st_shndx];
break;
default:
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "WriteSections64(): %s unsupported ELF EM_AARCH64 relocation 0x%x.", mInImageName, (unsigned) ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info));
}
} else if (mEhdr->e_machine == EM_PPC64) {
switch (ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info)) {
case R_PPC64_TOC:
case R_PPC64_ADDR64:
/*
* These two types are never seen when compiling as
* -pie with either v1 or v2, but it's not possible
* to compile as v2 without -pie.
*/
assert (mEhdr->e_flags == EF_PPC64_ABI_V1);
case R_PPC64_RELATIVE:
*(UINT64 *)Targ = *(UINT64 *)Targ - SymShdr->sh_addr + mCoffSectionsOffset[Sym->st_shndx];
break;
case R_PPC64_UADDR32:
case R_PPC64_ADDR32:
case R_PPC64_ADDR24:
case R_PPC64_UADDR16:
case R_PPC64_ADDR16:
case R_PPC64_ADDR16_LO:
case R_PPC64_ADDR16_HI:
case R_PPC64_ADDR16_HA:
case R_PPC64_ADDR14:
case R_PPC64_ADDR14_BRTAKEN:
case R_PPC64_ADDR14_BRNTAKEN:
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "WriteRelocations64(): %s unsupported ELF EM_PPC64 relocation 0x%x (%u).", mInImageName, (unsigned) ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info), (unsigned) ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info));
break;
default:
VerboseMsg ("WriteSections64(): %s skipped ELF EM_PPC64 relocation 0x%x.", mInImageName, (unsigned) ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info));
}
} else {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "Not a supported machine type");
}
}
}
}
return TRUE;
}
STATIC
VOID
WriteRelocations64 (
VOID
)
{
UINT32 Index;
EFI_IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER_UNION *NtHdr;
EFI_IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY *Dir;
for (Index = 0; Index < mEhdr->e_shnum; Index++) {
Elf_Shdr *RelShdr = GetShdrByIndex(Index);
if ((RelShdr->sh_type == SHT_REL) || (RelShdr->sh_type == SHT_RELA)) {
Elf32_Word ShInfo = RelShdr->sh_info;
Elf_Shdr *SecShdr = ShInfo ? GetShdrByIndex (ShInfo) : NULL;
if (SecShdr == NULL || IsTextShdr(SecShdr) || IsDataShdr(SecShdr)) {
UINT64 RelIdx;
for (RelIdx = 0; RelIdx < RelShdr->sh_size; RelIdx += RelShdr->sh_entsize) {
Elf_Rela *Rel = (Elf_Rela *)((UINT8*)mEhdr + RelShdr->sh_offset + RelIdx);
if (!RelMatchesShdr(Rel, SecShdr)) {
ShInfo = RelShInfo(Rel);
if (ShInfo == 0) {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid",
"unknown relocation for %s+0x%x",
mInImageName, Rel->r_offset);
}
SecShdr = GetShdrByIndex(ShInfo);
}
if (mEhdr->e_machine == EM_X86_64) {
switch (ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info)) {
case R_X86_64_NONE:
case R_X86_64_PC32:
break;
case R_X86_64_64:
VerboseMsg ("EFI_IMAGE_REL_BASED_DIR64 Offset: 0x%08X",
mCoffSectionsOffset[ShInfo] + (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr));
CoffAddFixup(
(UINT32) ((UINT64) mCoffSectionsOffset[ShInfo]
+ (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr)),
EFI_IMAGE_REL_BASED_DIR64);
break;
case R_X86_64_32S:
case R_X86_64_32:
VerboseMsg ("EFI_IMAGE_REL_BASED_HIGHLOW Offset: 0x%08X",
mCoffSectionsOffset[ShInfo] + (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr));
CoffAddFixup(
(UINT32) ((UINT64) mCoffSectionsOffset[ShInfo]
+ (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr)),
EFI_IMAGE_REL_BASED_HIGHLOW);
break;
default:
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "%s unsupported ELF EM_X86_64 relocation 0x%x.", mInImageName, (unsigned) ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info));
}
} else if (mEhdr->e_machine == EM_AARCH64) {
switch (ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info)) {
case R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_LO21:
break;
case R_AARCH64_CONDBR19:
break;
case R_AARCH64_LD_PREL_LO19:
break;
case R_AARCH64_CALL26:
break;
case R_AARCH64_JUMP26:
break;
case R_AARCH64_ADR_PREL_PG_HI21:
case R_AARCH64_ADD_ABS_LO12_NC:
case R_AARCH64_LDST8_ABS_LO12_NC:
case R_AARCH64_LDST16_ABS_LO12_NC:
case R_AARCH64_LDST32_ABS_LO12_NC:
case R_AARCH64_LDST64_ABS_LO12_NC:
case R_AARCH64_LDST128_ABS_LO12_NC:
break;
case R_AARCH64_ABS64:
CoffAddFixup(
(UINT32) ((UINT64) mCoffSectionsOffset[ShInfo]
+ (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr)),
EFI_IMAGE_REL_BASED_DIR64);
break;
case R_AARCH64_ABS32:
CoffAddFixup(
(UINT32) ((UINT64) mCoffSectionsOffset[ShInfo]
+ (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr)),
EFI_IMAGE_REL_BASED_HIGHLOW);
break;
default:
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "WriteRelocations64(): %s unsupported ELF EM_AARCH64 relocation 0x%x.", mInImageName, (unsigned) ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info));
}
} else if (mEhdr->e_machine == EM_PPC64) {
switch (ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info)) {
case R_PPC64_ADDR64:
case R_PPC64_TOC:
/*
* These two types are never seen when compiling as
* -pie with either v1 or v2, but it's not possible
* to compile as v2 without -pie.
*/
assert (mEhdr->e_flags == EF_PPC64_ABI_V1);
case R_PPC_RELATIVE:
CoffAddFixup(
(UINT32) ((UINT64) mCoffSectionsOffset[ShInfo]
+ (Rel->r_offset - SecShdr->sh_addr)),
EFI_IMAGE_REL_BASED_DIR64);
break;
case R_PPC64_UADDR32:
case R_PPC64_ADDR32:
case R_PPC64_ADDR24:
case R_PPC64_UADDR16:
case R_PPC64_ADDR16:
case R_PPC64_ADDR16_LO:
case R_PPC64_ADDR16_HI:
case R_PPC64_ADDR16_HA:
case R_PPC64_ADDR14:
case R_PPC64_ADDR14_BRTAKEN:
case R_PPC64_ADDR14_BRNTAKEN:
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Invalid", "WriteRelocations64(): %s unsupported ELF EM_PPC64 relocation 0x%x (%u).", mInImageName, (unsigned) ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info), (unsigned) ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info));
break;
default:
VerboseMsg ("WriteRelocations64(): %s skipped ELF EM_PPC64 relocation 0x%x (%u).", mInImageName, (unsigned) ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info), (unsigned) ELF_R_TYPE(Rel->r_info));
}
} else {
Error (NULL, 0, 3000, "Not Supported", "This tool does not support relocations for ELF with e_machine %u (processor type).", (unsigned) mEhdr->e_machine);
}
}
}
}
}
//
// Pad by adding empty entries.
//
while (mCoffOffset & (mCoffAlignment - 1)) {
CoffAddFixupEntry(0);
}
NtHdr = (EFI_IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER_UNION *)(mCoffFile + mNtHdrOffset);
Dir = &NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.DataDirectory[EFI_IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_BASERELOC];
Dir->Size = mCoffOffset - mRelocOffset;
if (Dir->Size == 0) {
// If no relocations, null out the directory entry and don't add the .reloc section
Dir->VirtualAddress = 0;
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.FileHeader.NumberOfSections--;
} else {
Dir->VirtualAddress = mRelocOffset;
CreateSectionHeader (".reloc", mRelocOffset, mCoffOffset - mRelocOffset,
EFI_IMAGE_SCN_CNT_INITIALIZED_DATA
| EFI_IMAGE_SCN_MEM_DISCARDABLE
| EFI_IMAGE_SCN_MEM_READ);
}
}
STATIC
VOID
WriteDebug64 (
VOID
)
{
UINT32 Len;
EFI_IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER_UNION *NtHdr;
EFI_IMAGE_DATA_DIRECTORY *DataDir;
EFI_IMAGE_DEBUG_DIRECTORY_ENTRY *Dir;
EFI_IMAGE_DEBUG_CODEVIEW_NB10_ENTRY *Nb10;
Len = strlen(mInImageName) + 1;
Dir = (EFI_IMAGE_DEBUG_DIRECTORY_ENTRY*)(mCoffFile + mDebugOffset);
Dir->Type = EFI_IMAGE_DEBUG_TYPE_CODEVIEW;
Dir->SizeOfData = sizeof(EFI_IMAGE_DEBUG_CODEVIEW_NB10_ENTRY) + Len;
Dir->RVA = mDebugOffset + sizeof(EFI_IMAGE_DEBUG_DIRECTORY_ENTRY);
Dir->FileOffset = mDebugOffset + sizeof(EFI_IMAGE_DEBUG_DIRECTORY_ENTRY);
Nb10 = (EFI_IMAGE_DEBUG_CODEVIEW_NB10_ENTRY*)(Dir + 1);
Nb10->Signature = CODEVIEW_SIGNATURE_NB10;
strcpy ((char *)(Nb10 + 1), mInImageName);
NtHdr = (EFI_IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER_UNION *)(mCoffFile + mNtHdrOffset);
DataDir = &NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.DataDirectory[EFI_IMAGE_DIRECTORY_ENTRY_DEBUG];
DataDir->VirtualAddress = mDebugOffset;
DataDir->Size = Dir->SizeOfData + sizeof(EFI_IMAGE_DEBUG_DIRECTORY_ENTRY);
}
STATIC
VOID
SetImageSize64 (
VOID
)
{
EFI_IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER_UNION *NtHdr;
//
// Set image size
//
NtHdr = (EFI_IMAGE_OPTIONAL_HEADER_UNION *)(mCoffFile + mNtHdrOffset);
NtHdr->Pe32Plus.OptionalHeader.SizeOfImage = mCoffOffset;
}
STATIC
VOID
CleanUp64 (
VOID
)
{
if (mCoffSectionsOffset != NULL) {
free (mCoffSectionsOffset);
}
}