w3af users need to know the basics about how the application
works behind the scenes. This will enable users to be more efficient in the
process of identifying and exploiting vulnerabilities.
Main plugin types
The framework has three main plugins types:
They have only one responsibility, finding new URLs, forms, and other injection points. A classic example of a discovery plugin is the web spider. This plugin takes a URL as input and returns one or more injection points.
When a user enables more than one plugin of this type, they are run in a loop:
plugin A finds a new URL in the first run, the
w3af core will send
that URL to
plugin B. If
plugin B then finds a new URL, it will be sent
plugin A. This process will go on until all plugins have run and no more
information about the application can be found.
Take the injection points found by crawl plugins and send specially crafted data
to all in order to identify vulnerabilities. A classic example of an audit plugin
is one that searches for SQL injection vulnerabilities by sending
all injection points.
Their objective is to exploit vulnerabilities found by audit plugins. They usually return a shell on the remote server, or a dump of remote tables in the case of SQL injection exploits.
Identify information about the target system such as installed WAF (web application firewalls), operating system and HTTP daemon.
Analyze HTTP requests and responses which are sent by other plugins and identify vulnerabilities. For example, a grep plugin will find a comment in the HTML body that has the word “password” and generate a vulnerability.
The way the framework and plugins communicate with the user. Output plugins save the data to a text, xml or html file. Debugging information is also sent to the output plugins and can be saved for analysis.
Messages sent to the output manager are sent to all enabled plugins, so if you
xml_file output plugins, both will log any
vulnerabilities found by an audit plugin.
- Send vulnerabilities to an internal issue tracker using its REST API
w3af's XML output and use it as input for other tools
Allow modification of requests and responses based on regular expressions, think "sed (stream editor) for the web".
Bruteforce logins found during the
Evade simple intrusion detection rules by modifying the HTTP traffic generated by other plugins.
After configuring the
audit plugins, and setting the target
URL the user starts the scan and waits for the vulnerabilities to appear in the
Any vulnerabilities which are found during the scan phase are stored in a
knowledge base; which is used as the input for the
attack plugins. Once the
scan finishes the user will be able to execute the
attack plugins on the
At this point it should be obvious but:
Scan time will strongly depend on the number of
plugins you enable.
In most cases we recommend running
w3af with the following configuration: