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CVSps (c) 2001,2002,2003 David Mansfield ------------------------------ Overview. -------- CVSps is a program for generating 'patchset' information from a CVS repository. A patchset in this case is defined as a set of changes made to a collection of files, and all committed at the same time (using a single 'cvs commit' command). This information is valuable to seeing the big picture of the evolution of a cvs project. While cvs tracks revision information, it is often difficult to see what changes were committed 'atomically' to the repository. Compiling. --------- CVSps is a relatively small program, with only a few modules. The Makefile is very simple and should work in most GNU type environments. Unfortunately, I've only been able to test on Red Hat Linux, so YMMV. As CVSps matures, I'm sure a more sophisticated build environment will evolve with it. For now, just try 'make' and 'make install'. If you have any problems let me know. Running. ------- Note: not all options are necessarily discussed here. Please check the output of 'cvsps -h' and/or the manual page for the most up-to-date info. CVSps operates by parsing the 'cvs log' output. So to run it, you must be in the working directory of a cvs project. CVSps handles subdirectories fine, so run it in the top directory of your project. a) the ~/.cvsps/cvsps.cache file (or so it's called) Because you may have a *lot* of revision history in your project, and/or your connection to the cvs server may be slow or congested, CVSps uses a cache file for most operations. The first time you run CVSps, just issue: cvsps and will begin reading and parsing the cvs log. When it is finished it will output all of the patchset information to stdout, and it will also generate the '~/.cvsps/cvsps.cache' file. Note: for historical reasons this file is still called the cvsps.cache file, but in reality it is named based on the CVS/Root and CVS/Repository contents, and thus is shared for the same repository checked out in multiple places. If the cache file exists, it won't ever be automatically updated. To update the cache with cvs activity that has occurred since the ~/.cvsps/cvsps.cache was last updated, use: cvsps -u If you question the integrity of the ~/.cvsps/cvsps.cache, or for some other reason want to force a full cache rebuild, use (you could also 'rm' the cache file): cvsps -x b) Reading the output. CVSps's output is information about patchsets. A patchset looks like: --------------------- PatchSet 999 Date: 2002/07/11 19:50:46 Author: alan Branch: HEAD Tag: (none) Log: [PATCH] Fix several pdc202xx problems Misnaming of 20270 as 20268R Failure of LBA48 on 20262 Incorrect speed detection because the old driver used host not drive side cable detect PDC202xx handling for quirks in udma reporting off some drives LBA48 for PIO mode BKrev: 3d2dd386wJMnehoOAhv3wL991IfXVQ Members: ChangeSet:1.999->1.1000 MAINTAINERS:1.74->1.75 drivers/ide/ide-features.c:1.4->1.5 drivers/ide/ide-pci.c:1.18->1.19 drivers/ide/pdc202xx.c:1.11->1.12 include/linux/pci_ids.h:1.44->1.45 --------------------- This patchset is taken from the linux kernel BK->CVS tree. It shows the date, the author, log message and each file that was modified. For each file the pre-commit and post-commit revisions are given. You can also see (if applicable, not in this case) if the files are on a branch, as well as the tag (see TAGS below). Patchsets are ordered by commit timestamp, so as long as the clock on your cvs server is monotonic, the numbering of patchsets should be invariant across cache-rebuilds. (see COMPATIBILITY below). c) Limiting the patchset output. The default output of CVSps is to show all patchsets. This can be filtered in one of many ways. These flags can be combined to really limit the output to what you're interested in. By id. With the -s <ps range> you can specify individual PatchSets by number or by range. Ranges can be of the form '<number>', '<number>-', '-<number>' and of course '<number>-<number>'. Multiple ranges can be specified seperated by commas. E.g. cvsps -s 999-1020,1025,4956- By author. With the -a <author> flag you limit the output to patchsets committed by a given author. The author is usually the UNIX login id. By file. With the -f <file regex> flag you limit the output to patchsets that have modified the given file. Because a regular expression can have many pieces 'or'ed together, you can specify many different files here, for example (note also the use of the ^ character): cvsps -f '^net/ipv4|^net/core' By date. With one date specification, CVSps shows only patchsets newer than the date given, and with two dates, it shows patchsets between the two dates. *NOTE ON DATE FORMAT*. Because I'm lazy, only one date format is currently acceptable. 'YYYY/MM/DD HH:MM:SS' where time is given as localtime, and HH is in 24 hour format. NOTE ALSO that cvs tends to display times as GMT, but parse dates as localtime, so when using the '-D' with cvs you need to convert from GMT to localtime in your head. CVSps is not as fancy. It treats all dates as if in localtime, and therefore you give CVSps dates the same way it gives them to you. By branch. With the -b <branch> flag you limit the output to patchsets that have modified the history of the given branch. Note, this doesn't necessarily mean the commit itself was made on the branch, since the files in question may have existed prior to the branch point, in which case changes made to a given file before the branch point affect the file as it exists in the head of the branch. If you want to restrict to the main branch, use a branch of 'HEAD'. By log comment. With the -l <regex> flag you can limit the ouptut to patchsets with the commit message matching the regex. By tag. With the -r <tag1> -r <tag2> you can limit the patchsets to commits after a given tag1 and, optionally, before tag2. d) viewing the changes made by a patchset. To show the 'diff' output for a given patchset, use -g. It will show you the diff of changes made by the selected commits. Some effort was made to ensure that the patches are valid, even in the case of removing or creating files, a case in which 'cvs diff' fails. The patches generated are, generally speaking, applyable in the working directory with the '-p1' option to the patch command. e) what is timestamp fuzz factor (-z option)? There's another annoying feature of cvs. When you commit a large change, the timestamp on the change is created per file committed. For example: if you commit changes to 60 files on a slow server, taking, say, 60 seconds, the 'commit time' as given in the log message for the first file will differ from that of the last file by 60 seconds. The fuzz factor attempts to workaround this by saying: commits by the same author, using the same log message, within <fuzz> seconds are considered part of the same patchset. The default fuzz is 300 seconds (5 minutes). TAGS ---- Please read the manual page. COMPATIBILITY ------------- One of the main goals of cvsps was to make the patchset numbering stable across all time, as long as no funny-business is done to the repository files themselves. Unfortunately, as bugs have been fixed, the numbering has changed. This is most regrettable, but unavoidable. Additionally, in version 2.0, two changes have been made which will 'renumber' the patch sets. 1) The false 'globbing' of two commits from nearly the exact same time, by the same person, with the same log description but to different branches. Now, these will be reported as 2 patchsets instead of one. 2) The creation of a large volume of patchsets for 'file xyz was originally added on branch' log messages. This occurs whenever a file is originally born on a branch, and is exacerbated by the fact that even when all of these files are created with a single commit, the 'file xyz...' messages, which contains the actual file name, are different, causing a proliferation of these unwanted patchsets. These patchsets are now silently eliminated from the output. Reporting bugs / submitting patches. ----------------------------------- Although the current version is perfect and bug free, you can still send bug reports, feature requests and patches to me at: firstname.lastname@example.org I will try to maintain CVSps and make releases regularly. The most recent version of CVSps will always be available at http://www.cobite.com/cvsps Special thanks to my employer Cobite and Robert Lippman, who've given me time to develop this tool. Known Problems (this will become the FAQ if anyone ever A any Q). ---------------------------------------------------------------- 1) What is the '*** file xyz doesn't match strip_path abc' error? This error occurs when one of the subdirectories of the directory you ran CVSps in is checked out from a different repository. CVSps tries to remove the repository path information from the filenames that it gets to give you working-directory local pathnames. It does this at startup by parsing the CVS/Root and CVS/Repository files. If the contents of these two files is different for some subdirectory, all of the files in that subdirectory will be ignored. You can always run CVSps in that subdirectory, and since it IS a separate repository, that does make a little bit of sense.