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/*
* Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion, the Bloatwatch edition
* Internal non-public definitions that provide either classic
* or preemptible semantics.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
*
* Copyright (c) 2010 Linaro
*
* Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
*/

#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>

/* Global control variables for rcupdate callback mechanism. */
struct rcu_ctrlblk {
struct rcu_head *rcucblist; /* List of pending callbacks (CBs). */
struct rcu_head **donetail; /* ->next pointer of last "done" CB. */
struct rcu_head **curtail; /* ->next pointer of last CB. */
RCU_TRACE(long qlen); /* Number of pending CBs. */
RCU_TRACE(char *name); /* Name of RCU type. */
};

/* Definition for rcupdate control block. */
static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_sched_ctrlblk = {
.donetail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
.curtail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
RCU_TRACE(.name = "rcu_sched")
};

static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk = {
.donetail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
.curtail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
RCU_TRACE(.name = "rcu_bh")
};

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_scheduler_active);
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */

#ifdef CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU

#include <linux/delay.h>

/* Global control variables for preemptible RCU. */
struct rcu_preempt_ctrlblk {
struct rcu_ctrlblk rcb; /* curtail: ->next ptr of last CB for GP. */
struct rcu_head **nexttail;
/* Tasks blocked in a preemptible RCU */
/* read-side critical section while an */
/* preemptible-RCU grace period is in */
/* progress must wait for a later grace */
/* period. This pointer points to the */
/* ->next pointer of the last task that */
/* must wait for a later grace period, or */
/* to &->rcb.rcucblist if there is no */
/* such task. */
struct list_head blkd_tasks;
/* Tasks blocked in RCU read-side critical */
/* section. Tasks are placed at the head */
/* of this list and age towards the tail. */
struct list_head *gp_tasks;
/* Pointer to the first task blocking the */
/* current grace period, or NULL if there */
/* is no such task. */
struct list_head *exp_tasks;
/* Pointer to first task blocking the */
/* current expedited grace period, or NULL */
/* if there is no such task. If there */
/* is no current expedited grace period, */
/* then there cannot be any such task. */
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
struct list_head *boost_tasks;
/* Pointer to first task that needs to be */
/* priority-boosted, or NULL if no priority */
/* boosting is needed. If there is no */
/* current or expedited grace period, there */
/* can be no such task. */
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
u8 gpnum; /* Current grace period. */
u8 gpcpu; /* Last grace period blocked by the CPU. */
u8 completed; /* Last grace period completed. */
/* If all three are equal, RCU is idle. */
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
unsigned long boost_time; /* When to start boosting (jiffies) */
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE
unsigned long n_grace_periods;
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
unsigned long n_tasks_boosted;
/* Total number of tasks boosted. */
unsigned long n_exp_boosts;
/* Number of tasks boosted for expedited GP. */
unsigned long n_normal_boosts;
/* Number of tasks boosted for normal GP. */
unsigned long n_balk_blkd_tasks;
/* Refused to boost: no blocked tasks. */
unsigned long n_balk_exp_gp_tasks;
/* Refused to boost: nothing blocking GP. */
unsigned long n_balk_boost_tasks;
/* Refused to boost: already boosting. */
unsigned long n_balk_notyet;
/* Refused to boost: not yet time. */
unsigned long n_balk_nos;
/* Refused to boost: not sure why, though. */
/* This can happen due to race conditions. */
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */
};

static struct rcu_preempt_ctrlblk rcu_preempt_ctrlblk = {
.rcb.donetail = &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist,
.rcb.curtail = &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist,
.nexttail = &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist,
.blkd_tasks = LIST_HEAD_INIT(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks),
RCU_TRACE(.rcb.name = "rcu_preempt")
};

static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t);
static int rcu_preempted_readers_exp(void);
static void rcu_report_exp_done(void);

/*
* Return true if the CPU has not yet responded to the current grace period.
*/
static int rcu_cpu_blocking_cur_gp(void)
{
return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpcpu != rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum;
}

/*
* Check for a running RCU reader. Because there is only one CPU,
* there can be but one running RCU reader at a time. ;-)
*
* Returns zero if there are no running readers. Returns a positive
* number if there is at least one reader within its RCU read-side
* critical section. Returns a negative number if an outermost reader
* is in the midst of exiting from its RCU read-side critical section
*
* Returns zero if there are no running readers. Returns a positive
* number if there is at least one reader within its RCU read-side
* critical section. Returns a negative number if an outermost reader
* is in the midst of exiting from its RCU read-side critical section.
*/
static int rcu_preempt_running_reader(void)
{
return current->rcu_read_lock_nesting;
}

/*
* Check for preempted RCU readers blocking any grace period.
* If the caller needs a reliable answer, it must disable hard irqs.
*/
static int rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_any(void)
{
return !list_empty(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks);
}

/*
* Check for preempted RCU readers blocking the current grace period.
* If the caller needs a reliable answer, it must disable hard irqs.
*/
static int rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp(void)
{
return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks != NULL;
}

/*
* Return true if another preemptible-RCU grace period is needed.
*/
static int rcu_preempt_needs_another_gp(void)
{
return *rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.curtail != NULL;
}

/*
* Return true if a preemptible-RCU grace period is in progress.
* The caller must disable hardirqs.
*/
static int rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress(void)
{
return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.completed != rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum;
}

/*
* Advance a ->blkd_tasks-list pointer to the next entry, instead
* returning NULL if at the end of the list.
*/
static struct list_head *rcu_next_node_entry(struct task_struct *t)
{
struct list_head *np;

np = t->rcu_node_entry.next;
if (np == &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks)
np = NULL;
return np;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE

#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
static void rcu_initiate_boost_trace(void);
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */

/*
* Dump additional statistice for TINY_PREEMPT_RCU.
*/
static void show_tiny_preempt_stats(struct seq_file *m)
{
seq_printf(m, "rcu_preempt: qlen=%ld gp=%lu g%u/p%u/c%u tasks=%c%c%c\n",
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.qlen,
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_grace_periods,
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum,
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpcpu,
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.completed,
"T."[list_empty(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks)],
"N."[!rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks],
"E."[!rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks]);
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
seq_printf(m, "%sttb=%c ntb=%lu neb=%lu nnb=%lu j=%04x bt=%04x\n",
" ",
"B."[!rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks],
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_tasks_boosted,
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_exp_boosts,
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_boosts,
(int)(jiffies & 0xffff),
(int)(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_time & 0xffff));
seq_printf(m, "%s: nt=%lu egt=%lu bt=%lu ny=%lu nos=%lu\n",
" balk",
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_balk_blkd_tasks,
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_balk_exp_gp_tasks,
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_balk_boost_tasks,
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_balk_notyet,
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_balk_nos);
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
}

#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */

#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST

#include "rtmutex_common.h"

#define RCU_BOOST_PRIO CONFIG_RCU_BOOST_PRIO

/* Controls for rcu_kthread() kthread. */
static struct task_struct *rcu_kthread_task;
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(rcu_kthread_wq);
static unsigned long have_rcu_kthread_work;

/*
* Carry out RCU priority boosting on the task indicated by ->boost_tasks,
* and advance ->boost_tasks to the next task in the ->blkd_tasks list.
*/
static int rcu_boost(void)
{
unsigned long flags;
struct rt_mutex mtx;
struct task_struct *t;
struct list_head *tb;

if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks == NULL &&
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL)
return 0; /* Nothing to boost. */

raw_local_irq_save(flags);

/*
* Recheck with irqs disabled: all tasks in need of boosting
* might exit their RCU read-side critical sections on their own
* if we are preempted just before disabling irqs.
*/
if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks == NULL &&
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL) {
raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
return 0;
}

/*
* Preferentially boost tasks blocking expedited grace periods.
* This cannot starve the normal grace periods because a second
* expedited grace period must boost all blocked tasks, including
* those blocking the pre-existing normal grace period.
*/
if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks != NULL) {
tb = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks;
RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_exp_boosts++);
} else {
tb = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks;
RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_normal_boosts++);
}
RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_tasks_boosted++);

/*
* We boost task t by manufacturing an rt_mutex that appears to
* be held by task t. We leave a pointer to that rt_mutex where
* task t can find it, and task t will release the mutex when it
* exits its outermost RCU read-side critical section. Then
* simply acquiring this artificial rt_mutex will boost task
* t's priority. (Thanks to tglx for suggesting this approach!)
*/
t = container_of(tb, struct task_struct, rcu_node_entry);
rt_mutex_init_proxy_locked(&mtx, t);
t->rcu_boost_mutex = &mtx;
raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
rt_mutex_lock(&mtx);
rt_mutex_unlock(&mtx); /* Keep lockdep happy. */

return ACCESS_ONCE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks) != NULL ||
ACCESS_ONCE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks) != NULL;
}

/*
* Check to see if it is now time to start boosting RCU readers blocking
* the current grace period, and, if so, tell the rcu_kthread_task to
* start boosting them. If there is an expedited boost in progress,
* we wait for it to complete.
*
* If there are no blocked readers blocking the current grace period,
* return 0 to let the caller know, otherwise return 1. Note that this
* return value is independent of whether or not boosting was done.
*/
static int rcu_initiate_boost(void)
{
if (!rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp() &&
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL) {
RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_balk_exp_gp_tasks++);
return 0;
}
if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks != NULL ||
(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks != NULL &&
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks == NULL &&
ULONG_CMP_GE(jiffies, rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_time))) {
if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks =
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks;
invoke_rcu_callbacks();
} else
RCU_TRACE(rcu_initiate_boost_trace());
return 1;
}

#define RCU_BOOST_DELAY_JIFFIES DIV_ROUND_UP(CONFIG_RCU_BOOST_DELAY * HZ, 1000)

/*
* Do priority-boost accounting for the start of a new grace period.
*/
static void rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp(void)
{
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_time = jiffies + RCU_BOOST_DELAY_JIFFIES;
}

#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */

/*
* If there is no RCU priority boosting, we don't initiate boosting,
* but we do indicate whether there are blocked readers blocking the
* current grace period.
*/
static int rcu_initiate_boost(void)
{
return rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp();
}

/*
* If there is no RCU priority boosting, nothing to do at grace-period start.
*/
static void rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp(void)
{
}

#endif /* else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */

/*
* Record a preemptible-RCU quiescent state for the specified CPU. Note
* that this just means that the task currently running on the CPU is
* in a quiescent state. There might be any number of tasks blocked
* while in an RCU read-side critical section.
*
* Unlike the other rcu_*_qs() functions, callers to this function
* must disable irqs in order to protect the assignment to
* ->rcu_read_unlock_special.
*
* Because this is a single-CPU implementation, the only way a grace
* period can end is if the CPU is in a quiescent state. The reason is
* that a blocked preemptible-RCU reader can exit its critical section
* only if the CPU is running it at the time. Therefore, when the
* last task blocking the current grace period exits its RCU read-side
* critical section, neither the CPU nor blocked tasks will be stopping
* the current grace period. (In contrast, SMP implementations
* might have CPUs running in RCU read-side critical sections that
* block later grace periods -- but this is not possible given only
* one CPU.)
*/
static void rcu_preempt_cpu_qs(void)
{
/* Record both CPU and task as having responded to current GP. */
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpcpu = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum;
current->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS;

/* If there is no GP then there is nothing more to do. */
if (!rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress())
return;
/*
* Check up on boosting. If there are readers blocking the
* current grace period, leave.
*/
if (rcu_initiate_boost())
return;

/* Advance callbacks. */
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.completed = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum;
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.curtail;
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.curtail = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail;

/* If there are no blocked readers, next GP is done instantly. */
if (!rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_any())
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail;

/* If there are done callbacks, cause them to be invoked. */
if (*rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail != NULL)
invoke_rcu_callbacks();
}

/*
* Start a new RCU grace period if warranted. Hard irqs must be disabled.
*/
static void rcu_preempt_start_gp(void)
{
if (!rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress() && rcu_preempt_needs_another_gp()) {

/* Official start of GP. */
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum++;
RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_grace_periods++);

/* Any blocked RCU readers block new GP. */
if (rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_any())
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks =
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks.next;

/* Set up for RCU priority boosting. */
rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp();

/* If there is no running reader, CPU is done with GP. */
if (!rcu_preempt_running_reader())
rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
}
}

/*
* We have entered the scheduler, and the current task might soon be
* context-switched away from. If this task is in an RCU read-side
* critical section, we will no longer be able to rely on the CPU to
* record that fact, so we enqueue the task on the blkd_tasks list.
* If the task started after the current grace period began, as recorded
* by ->gpcpu, we enqueue at the beginning of the list. Otherwise
* before the element referenced by ->gp_tasks (or at the tail if
* ->gp_tasks is NULL) and point ->gp_tasks at the newly added element.
* The task will dequeue itself when it exits the outermost enclosing
* RCU read-side critical section. Therefore, the current grace period
* cannot be permitted to complete until the ->gp_tasks pointer becomes
* NULL.
*
* Caller must disable preemption.
*/
void rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(void)
{
struct task_struct *t = current;
unsigned long flags;

local_irq_save(flags); /* must exclude scheduler_tick(). */
if (rcu_preempt_running_reader() > 0 &&
(t->rcu_read_unlock_special & RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED) == 0) {

/* Possibly blocking in an RCU read-side critical section. */
t->rcu_read_unlock_special |= RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED;

/*
* If this CPU has already checked in, then this task
* will hold up the next grace period rather than the
* current grace period. Queue the task accordingly.
* If the task is queued for the current grace period
* (i.e., this CPU has not yet passed through a quiescent
* state for the current grace period), then as long
* as that task remains queued, the current grace period
* cannot end.
*/
list_add(&t->rcu_node_entry, &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks);
if (rcu_cpu_blocking_cur_gp())
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks = &t->rcu_node_entry;
} else if (rcu_preempt_running_reader() < 0 &&
t->rcu_read_unlock_special) {
/*
* Complete exit from RCU read-side critical section on
* behalf of preempted instance of __rcu_read_unlock().
*/
rcu_read_unlock_special(t);
}

/*
* Either we were not in an RCU read-side critical section to
* begin with, or we have now recorded that critical section
* globally. Either way, we can now note a quiescent state
* for this CPU. Again, if we were in an RCU read-side critical
* section, and if that critical section was blocking the current
* grace period, then the fact that the task has been enqueued
* means that current grace period continues to be blocked.
*/
rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

/*
* Tiny-preemptible RCU implementation for rcu_read_lock().
* Just increment ->rcu_read_lock_nesting, shared state will be updated
* if we block.
*/
void __rcu_read_lock(void)
{
current->rcu_read_lock_nesting++;
barrier(); /* needed if we ever invoke rcu_read_lock in rcutiny.c */
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__rcu_read_lock);

/*
* Handle special cases during rcu_read_unlock(), such as needing to
* notify RCU core processing or task having blocked during the RCU
* read-side critical section.
*/
static noinline void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
{
int empty;
int empty_exp;
unsigned long flags;
struct list_head *np;
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
struct rt_mutex *rbmp = NULL;
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
int special;

/*
* NMI handlers cannot block and cannot safely manipulate state.
* They therefore cannot possibly be special, so just leave.
*/
if (in_nmi())
return;

local_irq_save(flags);

/*
* If RCU core is waiting for this CPU to exit critical section,
* let it know that we have done so.
*/
special = t->rcu_read_unlock_special;
if (special & RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS)
rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();

/* Hardware IRQ handlers cannot block. */
if (in_irq() || in_serving_softirq()) {
local_irq_restore(flags);
return;
}

/* Clean up if blocked during RCU read-side critical section. */
if (special & RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED) {
t->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED;

/*
* Remove this task from the ->blkd_tasks list and adjust
* any pointers that might have been referencing it.
*/
empty = !rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp();
empty_exp = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL;
np = rcu_next_node_entry(t);
list_del_init(&t->rcu_node_entry);
if (&t->rcu_node_entry == rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks = np;
if (&t->rcu_node_entry == rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks = np;
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
if (&t->rcu_node_entry == rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks = np;
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */

/*
* If this was the last task on the current list, and if
* we aren't waiting on the CPU, report the quiescent state
* and start a new grace period if needed.
*/
if (!empty && !rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp()) {
rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
rcu_preempt_start_gp();
}

/*
* If this was the last task on the expedited lists,
* then we need wake up the waiting task.
*/
if (!empty_exp && rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL)
rcu_report_exp_done();
}
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
/* Unboost self if was boosted. */
if (t->rcu_boost_mutex != NULL) {
rbmp = t->rcu_boost_mutex;
t->rcu_boost_mutex = NULL;
rt_mutex_unlock(rbmp);
}
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

/*
* Tiny-preemptible RCU implementation for rcu_read_unlock().
* Decrement ->rcu_read_lock_nesting. If the result is zero (outermost
* rcu_read_unlock()) and ->rcu_read_unlock_special is non-zero, then
* invoke rcu_read_unlock_special() to clean up after a context switch
* in an RCU read-side critical section and other special cases.
*/
void __rcu_read_unlock(void)
{
struct task_struct *t = current;

barrier(); /* needed if we ever invoke rcu_read_unlock in rcutiny.c */
if (t->rcu_read_lock_nesting != 1)
--t->rcu_read_lock_nesting;
else {
t->rcu_read_lock_nesting = INT_MIN;
barrier(); /* assign before ->rcu_read_unlock_special load */
if (unlikely(ACCESS_ONCE(t->rcu_read_unlock_special)))
rcu_read_unlock_special(t);
barrier(); /* ->rcu_read_unlock_special load before assign */
t->rcu_read_lock_nesting = 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
{
int rrln = ACCESS_ONCE(t->rcu_read_lock_nesting);

WARN_ON_ONCE(rrln < 0 && rrln > INT_MIN / 2);
}
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__rcu_read_unlock);

/*
* Check for a quiescent state from the current CPU. When a task blocks,
* the task is recorded in the rcu_preempt_ctrlblk structure, which is
* checked elsewhere. This is called from the scheduling-clock interrupt.
*
* Caller must disable hard irqs.
*/
static void rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(void)
{
struct task_struct *t = current;

if (rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress() &&
(!rcu_preempt_running_reader() ||
!rcu_cpu_blocking_cur_gp()))
rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
if (&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist !=
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail)
invoke_rcu_callbacks();
if (rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress() &&
rcu_cpu_blocking_cur_gp() &&
rcu_preempt_running_reader() > 0)
t->rcu_read_unlock_special |= RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS;
}

/*
* TINY_PREEMPT_RCU has an extra callback-list tail pointer to
* update, so this is invoked from rcu_process_callbacks() to
* handle that case. Of course, it is invoked for all flavors of
* RCU, but RCU callbacks can appear only on one of the lists, and
* neither ->nexttail nor ->donetail can possibly be NULL, so there
* is no need for an explicit check.
*/
static void rcu_preempt_remove_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail == rcp->donetail)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail = &rcp->rcucblist;
}

/*
* Process callbacks for preemptible RCU.
*/
static void rcu_preempt_process_callbacks(void)
{
__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb);
}

/*
* Queue a preemptible -RCU callback for invocation after a grace period.
*/
void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
{
unsigned long flags;

debug_rcu_head_queue(head);
head->func = func;
head->next = NULL;

local_irq_save(flags);
*rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail = head;
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.nexttail = &head->next;
RCU_TRACE(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.qlen++);
rcu_preempt_start_gp(); /* checks to see if GP needed. */
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);

/*
* synchronize_rcu - wait until a grace period has elapsed.
*
* Control will return to the caller some time after a full grace
* period has elapsed, in other words after all currently executing RCU
* read-side critical sections have completed. RCU read-side critical
* sections are delimited by rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock(),
* and may be nested.
*/
void synchronize_rcu(void)
{
rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) &&
!lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) &&
!lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
"Illegal synchronize_rcu() in RCU read-side critical section");

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
if (!rcu_scheduler_active)
return;
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */

WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_preempt_running_reader());
if (!rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_any())
return;

/* Once we get past the fastpath checks, same code as rcu_barrier(). */
rcu_barrier();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu);

static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq);
static unsigned long sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count;
static DEFINE_MUTEX(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex);

/*
* Return non-zero if there are any tasks in RCU read-side critical
* sections blocking the current preemptible-RCU expedited grace period.
* If there is no preemptible-RCU expedited grace period currently in
* progress, returns zero unconditionally.
*/
static int rcu_preempted_readers_exp(void)
{
return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks != NULL;
}

/*
* Report the exit from RCU read-side critical section for the last task
* that queued itself during or before the current expedited preemptible-RCU
* grace period.
*/
static void rcu_report_exp_done(void)
{
wake_up(&sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq);
}

/*
* Wait for an rcu-preempt grace period, but expedite it. The basic idea
* is to rely in the fact that there is but one CPU, and that it is
* illegal for a task to invoke synchronize_rcu_expedited() while in a
* preemptible-RCU read-side critical section. Therefore, any such
* critical sections must correspond to blocked tasks, which must therefore
* be on the ->blkd_tasks list. So just record the current head of the
* list in the ->exp_tasks pointer, and wait for all tasks including and
* after the task pointed to by ->exp_tasks to drain.
*/
void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void)
{
unsigned long flags;
struct rcu_preempt_ctrlblk *rpcp = &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk;
unsigned long snap;

barrier(); /* ensure prior action seen before grace period. */

WARN_ON_ONCE(rcu_preempt_running_reader());

/*
* Acquire lock so that there is only one preemptible RCU grace
* period in flight. Of course, if someone does the expedited
* grace period for us while we are acquiring the lock, just leave.
*/
snap = sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count + 1;
mutex_lock(&sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex);
if (ULONG_CMP_LT(snap, sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count))
goto unlock_mb_ret; /* Others did our work for us. */

local_irq_save(flags);

/*
* All RCU readers have to already be on blkd_tasks because
* we cannot legally be executing in an RCU read-side critical
* section.
*/

/* Snapshot current head of ->blkd_tasks list. */
rpcp->exp_tasks = rpcp->blkd_tasks.next;
if (rpcp->exp_tasks == &rpcp->blkd_tasks)
rpcp->exp_tasks = NULL;

/* Wait for tail of ->blkd_tasks list to drain. */
if (!rcu_preempted_readers_exp())
local_irq_restore(flags);
else {
rcu_initiate_boost();
local_irq_restore(flags);
wait_event(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq,
!rcu_preempted_readers_exp());
}

/* Clean up and exit. */
barrier(); /* ensure expedited GP seen before counter increment. */
sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count++;
unlock_mb_ret:
mutex_unlock(&sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex);
barrier(); /* ensure subsequent action seen after grace period. */
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu_expedited);

/*
* Does preemptible RCU need the CPU to stay out of dynticks mode?
*/
int rcu_preempt_needs_cpu(void)
{
if (!rcu_preempt_running_reader())
rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist != NULL;
}

/*
* Check for a task exiting while in a preemptible -RCU read-side
* critical section, clean up if so. No need to issue warnings,
* as debug_check_no_locks_held() already does this if lockdep
* is enabled.
*/
void exit_rcu(void)
{
struct task_struct *t = current;

if (t->rcu_read_lock_nesting == 0)
return;
t->rcu_read_lock_nesting = 1;
__rcu_read_unlock();
}

#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU */

#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE

/*
* Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it is not necessary to
* dump out its statistics.
*/
static void show_tiny_preempt_stats(struct seq_file *m)
{
}

#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */

/*
* Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it never has any callbacks
* to check.
*/
static void rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(void)
{
}

/*
* Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it never has any callbacks
* to remove.
*/
static void rcu_preempt_remove_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
}

/*
* Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it never has any callbacks
* to process.
*/
static void rcu_preempt_process_callbacks(void)
{
}

#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU */

#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST

/*
* Wake up rcu_kthread() to process callbacks now eligible for invocation
* or to boost readers.
*/
static void invoke_rcu_callbacks(void)
{
have_rcu_kthread_work = 1;
if (rcu_kthread_task != NULL)
wake_up(&rcu_kthread_wq);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE

/*
* Is the current CPU running the RCU-callbacks kthread?
* Caller must have preemption disabled.
*/
static bool rcu_is_callbacks_kthread(void)
{
return rcu_kthread_task == current;
}

#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */

/*
* This kthread invokes RCU callbacks whose grace periods have
* elapsed. It is awakened as needed, and takes the place of the
* RCU_SOFTIRQ that is used for this purpose when boosting is disabled.
* This is a kthread, but it is never stopped, at least not until
* the system goes down.
*/
static int rcu_kthread(void *arg)
{
unsigned long work;
unsigned long morework;
unsigned long flags;

for (;;) {
wait_event_interruptible(rcu_kthread_wq,
have_rcu_kthread_work != 0);
morework = rcu_boost();
local_irq_save(flags);
work = have_rcu_kthread_work;
have_rcu_kthread_work = morework;
local_irq_restore(flags);
if (work)
rcu_process_callbacks(NULL);
schedule_timeout_interruptible(1); /* Leave CPU for others. */
}

return 0; /* Not reached, but needed to shut gcc up. */
}

/*
* Spawn the kthread that invokes RCU callbacks.
*/
static int __init rcu_spawn_kthreads(void)
{
struct sched_param sp;

rcu_kthread_task = kthread_run(rcu_kthread, NULL, "rcu_kthread");
sp.sched_priority = RCU_BOOST_PRIO;
sched_setscheduler_nocheck(rcu_kthread_task, SCHED_FIFO, &sp);
return 0;
}
early_initcall(rcu_spawn_kthreads);

#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */

/* Hold off callback invocation until early_initcall() time. */
static int rcu_scheduler_fully_active __read_mostly;

/*
* Start up softirq processing of callbacks.
*/
void invoke_rcu_callbacks(void)
{
if (rcu_scheduler_fully_active)
raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE

/*
* There is no callback kthread, so this thread is never it.
*/
static bool rcu_is_callbacks_kthread(void)
{
return false;
}

#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */

static int __init rcu_scheduler_really_started(void)
{
rcu_scheduler_fully_active = 1;
open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ); /* Invoke any callbacks from early boot. */
return 0;
}
early_initcall(rcu_scheduler_really_started);

#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>

/*
* During boot, we forgive RCU lockdep issues. After this function is
* invoked, we start taking RCU lockdep issues seriously.
*/
void __init rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
{
WARN_ON(nr_context_switches() > 0);
rcu_scheduler_active = 1;
}

#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */

#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE

#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST

static void rcu_initiate_boost_trace(void)
{
if (list_empty(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks))
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_balk_blkd_tasks++;
else if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks == NULL &&
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_balk_exp_gp_tasks++;
else if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks != NULL)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_balk_boost_tasks++;
else if (!ULONG_CMP_GE(jiffies, rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_time))
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_balk_notyet++;
else
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.n_balk_nos++;
}

#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */

static void rcu_trace_sub_qlen(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, int n)
{
unsigned long flags;

raw_local_irq_save(flags);
rcp->qlen -= n;
raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
}

/*
* Dump statistics for TINY_RCU, such as they are.
*/
static int show_tiny_stats(struct seq_file *m, void *unused)
{
show_tiny_preempt_stats(m);
seq_printf(m, "rcu_sched: qlen: %ld\n", rcu_sched_ctrlblk.qlen);
seq_printf(m, "rcu_bh: qlen: %ld\n", rcu_bh_ctrlblk.qlen);
return 0;
}

static int show_tiny_stats_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
return single_open(file, show_tiny_stats, NULL);
}

static const struct file_operations show_tiny_stats_fops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.open = show_tiny_stats_open,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = single_release,
};

static struct dentry *rcudir;

static int __init rcutiny_trace_init(void)
{
struct dentry *retval;

rcudir = debugfs_create_dir("rcu", NULL);
if (!rcudir)
goto free_out;
retval = debugfs_create_file("rcudata", 0444, rcudir,
NULL, &show_tiny_stats_fops);
if (!retval)
goto free_out;
return 0;
free_out:
debugfs_remove_recursive(rcudir);
return 1;
}

static void __exit rcutiny_trace_cleanup(void)
{
debugfs_remove_recursive(rcudir);
}

module_init(rcutiny_trace_init);
module_exit(rcutiny_trace_cleanup);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Paul E. McKenney");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Read-Copy Update tracing for tiny implementation");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */
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