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/*
* kallsyms.c: in-kernel printing of symbolic oopses and stack traces.
*
* Rewritten and vastly simplified by Rusty Russell for in-kernel
* module loader:
* Copyright 2002 Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> IBM Corporation
*
* ChangeLog:
*
* (25/Aug/2004) Paulo Marques <pmarques@grupopie.com>
* Changed the compression method from stem compression to "table lookup"
* compression (see scripts/kallsyms.c for a more complete description)
*/
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/kdb.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/sched.h> /* for cond_resched */
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>

#include <asm/sections.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL
#define all_var 1
#else
#define all_var 0
#endif

/*
* These will be re-linked against their real values
* during the second link stage.
*/
extern const unsigned long kallsyms_addresses[] __attribute__((weak));
extern const u8 kallsyms_names[] __attribute__((weak));

/*
* Tell the compiler that the count isn't in the small data section if the arch
* has one (eg: FRV).
*/
extern const unsigned long kallsyms_num_syms
__attribute__((weak, section(".rodata")));

extern const u8 kallsyms_token_table[] __attribute__((weak));
extern const u16 kallsyms_token_index[] __attribute__((weak));

extern const unsigned long kallsyms_markers[] __attribute__((weak));

static inline int is_kernel_inittext(unsigned long addr)
{
if (addr >= (unsigned long)_sinittext
&& addr <= (unsigned long)_einittext)
return 1;
return 0;
}

static inline int is_kernel_text(unsigned long addr)
{
if ((addr >= (unsigned long)_stext && addr <= (unsigned long)_etext) ||
arch_is_kernel_text(addr))
return 1;
return in_gate_area_no_mm(addr);
}

static inline int is_kernel(unsigned long addr)
{
if (addr >= (unsigned long)_stext && addr <= (unsigned long)_end)
return 1;
return in_gate_area_no_mm(addr);
}

static int is_ksym_addr(unsigned long addr)
{
if (all_var)
return is_kernel(addr);

return is_kernel_text(addr) || is_kernel_inittext(addr);
}

/*
* Expand a compressed symbol data into the resulting uncompressed string,
* given the offset to where the symbol is in the compressed stream.
*/
static unsigned int kallsyms_expand_symbol(unsigned int off, char *result)
{
int len, skipped_first = 0;
const u8 *tptr, *data;

/* Get the compressed symbol length from the first symbol byte. */
data = &kallsyms_names[off];
len = *data;
data++;

/*
* Update the offset to return the offset for the next symbol on
* the compressed stream.
*/
off += len + 1;

/*
* For every byte on the compressed symbol data, copy the table
* entry for that byte.
*/
while (len) {
tptr = &kallsyms_token_table[kallsyms_token_index[*data]];
data++;
len--;

while (*tptr) {
if (skipped_first) {
*result = *tptr;
result++;
} else
skipped_first = 1;
tptr++;
}
}

*result = '\0';

/* Return to offset to the next symbol. */
return off;
}

/*
* Get symbol type information. This is encoded as a single char at the
* beginning of the symbol name.
*/
static char kallsyms_get_symbol_type(unsigned int off)
{
/*
* Get just the first code, look it up in the token table,
* and return the first char from this token.
*/
return kallsyms_token_table[kallsyms_token_index[kallsyms_names[off + 1]]];
}


/*
* Find the offset on the compressed stream given and index in the
* kallsyms array.
*/
static unsigned int get_symbol_offset(unsigned long pos)
{
const u8 *name;
int i;

/*
* Use the closest marker we have. We have markers every 256 positions,
* so that should be close enough.
*/
name = &kallsyms_names[kallsyms_markers[pos >> 8]];

/*
* Sequentially scan all the symbols up to the point we're searching
* for. Every symbol is stored in a [<len>][<len> bytes of data] format,
* so we just need to add the len to the current pointer for every
* symbol we wish to skip.
*/
for (i = 0; i < (pos & 0xFF); i++)
name = name + (*name) + 1;

return name - kallsyms_names;
}

/* Lookup the address for this symbol. Returns 0 if not found. */
unsigned long kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name)
{
char namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
unsigned long i;
unsigned int off;

for (i = 0, off = 0; i < kallsyms_num_syms; i++) {
off = kallsyms_expand_symbol(off, namebuf);

if (strcmp(namebuf, name) == 0)
return kallsyms_addresses[i];
}
return module_kallsyms_lookup_name(name);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kallsyms_lookup_name);

int kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *, struct module *,
unsigned long),
void *data)
{
char namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
unsigned long i;
unsigned int off;
int ret;

for (i = 0, off = 0; i < kallsyms_num_syms; i++) {
off = kallsyms_expand_symbol(off, namebuf);
ret = fn(data, namebuf, NULL, kallsyms_addresses[i]);
if (ret != 0)
return ret;
}
return module_kallsyms_on_each_symbol(fn, data);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kallsyms_on_each_symbol);

static unsigned long get_symbol_pos(unsigned long addr,
unsigned long *symbolsize,
unsigned long *offset)
{
unsigned long symbol_start = 0, symbol_end = 0;
unsigned long i, low, high, mid;

/* This kernel should never had been booted. */
BUG_ON(!kallsyms_addresses);

/* Do a binary search on the sorted kallsyms_addresses array. */
low = 0;
high = kallsyms_num_syms;

while (high - low > 1) {
mid = low + (high - low) / 2;
if (kallsyms_addresses[mid] <= addr)
low = mid;
else
high = mid;
}

/*
* Search for the first aliased symbol. Aliased
* symbols are symbols with the same address.
*/
while (low && kallsyms_addresses[low-1] == kallsyms_addresses[low])
--low;

symbol_start = kallsyms_addresses[low];

/* Search for next non-aliased symbol. */
for (i = low + 1; i < kallsyms_num_syms; i++) {
if (kallsyms_addresses[i] > symbol_start) {
symbol_end = kallsyms_addresses[i];
break;
}
}

/* If we found no next symbol, we use the end of the section. */
if (!symbol_end) {
if (is_kernel_inittext(addr))
symbol_end = (unsigned long)_einittext;
else if (all_var)
symbol_end = (unsigned long)_end;
else
symbol_end = (unsigned long)_etext;
}

if (symbolsize)
*symbolsize = symbol_end - symbol_start;
if (offset)
*offset = addr - symbol_start;

return low;
}

/*
* Lookup an address but don't bother to find any names.
*/
int kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *symbolsize,
unsigned long *offset)
{
char namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
if (is_ksym_addr(addr))
return !!get_symbol_pos(addr, symbolsize, offset);

return !!module_address_lookup(addr, symbolsize, offset, NULL, namebuf);
}

/*
* Lookup an address
* - modname is set to NULL if it's in the kernel.
* - We guarantee that the returned name is valid until we reschedule even if.
* It resides in a module.
* - We also guarantee that modname will be valid until rescheduled.
*/
const char *kallsyms_lookup(unsigned long addr,
unsigned long *symbolsize,
unsigned long *offset,
char **modname, char *namebuf)
{
namebuf[KSYM_NAME_LEN - 1] = 0;
namebuf[0] = 0;

if (is_ksym_addr(addr)) {
unsigned long pos;

pos = get_symbol_pos(addr, symbolsize, offset);
/* Grab name */
kallsyms_expand_symbol(get_symbol_offset(pos), namebuf);
if (modname)
*modname = NULL;
return namebuf;
}

/* See if it's in a module. */
return module_address_lookup(addr, symbolsize, offset, modname,
namebuf);
}

int lookup_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname)
{
symname[0] = '\0';
symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN - 1] = '\0';

if (is_ksym_addr(addr)) {
unsigned long pos;

pos = get_symbol_pos(addr, NULL, NULL);
/* Grab name */
kallsyms_expand_symbol(get_symbol_offset(pos), symname);
return 0;
}
/* See if it's in a module. */
return lookup_module_symbol_name(addr, symname);
}

int lookup_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size,
unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name)
{
name[0] = '\0';
name[KSYM_NAME_LEN - 1] = '\0';

if (is_ksym_addr(addr)) {
unsigned long pos;

pos = get_symbol_pos(addr, size, offset);
/* Grab name */
kallsyms_expand_symbol(get_symbol_offset(pos), name);
modname[0] = '\0';
return 0;
}
/* See if it's in a module. */
return lookup_module_symbol_attrs(addr, size, offset, modname, name);
}

/* Look up a kernel symbol and return it in a text buffer. */
static int __sprint_symbol(char *buffer, unsigned long address,
int symbol_offset)
{
char *modname;
const char *name;
unsigned long offset, size;
int len;

address += symbol_offset;
name = kallsyms_lookup(address, &size, &offset, &modname, buffer);
if (!name)
return sprintf(buffer, "0x%lx", address);

if (name != buffer)
strcpy(buffer, name);
len = strlen(buffer);
buffer += len;
offset -= symbol_offset;

if (modname)
len += sprintf(buffer, "+%#lx/%#lx [%s]", offset, size, modname);
else
len += sprintf(buffer, "+%#lx/%#lx", offset, size);

return len;
}

/**
* sprint_symbol - Look up a kernel symbol and return it in a text buffer
* @buffer: buffer to be stored
* @address: address to lookup
*
* This function looks up a kernel symbol with @address and stores its name,
* offset, size and module name to @buffer if possible. If no symbol was found,
* just saves its @address as is.
*
* This function returns the number of bytes stored in @buffer.
*/
int sprint_symbol(char *buffer, unsigned long address)
{
return __sprint_symbol(buffer, address, 0);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sprint_symbol);

/**
* sprint_backtrace - Look up a backtrace symbol and return it in a text buffer
* @buffer: buffer to be stored
* @address: address to lookup
*
* This function is for stack backtrace and does the same thing as
* sprint_symbol() but with modified/decreased @address. If there is a
* tail-call to the function marked "noreturn", gcc optimized out code after
* the call so that the stack-saved return address could point outside of the
* caller. This function ensures that kallsyms will find the original caller
* by decreasing @address.
*
* This function returns the number of bytes stored in @buffer.
*/
int sprint_backtrace(char *buffer, unsigned long address)
{
return __sprint_symbol(buffer, address, -1);
}

/* Look up a kernel symbol and print it to the kernel messages. */
void __print_symbol(const char *fmt, unsigned long address)
{
char buffer[KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN];

sprint_symbol(buffer, address);

printk(fmt, buffer);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__print_symbol);

/* To avoid using get_symbol_offset for every symbol, we carry prefix along. */
struct kallsym_iter {
loff_t pos;
unsigned long value;
unsigned int nameoff; /* If iterating in core kernel symbols. */
char type;
char name[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
char module_name[MODULE_NAME_LEN];
int exported;
};

static int get_ksymbol_mod(struct kallsym_iter *iter)
{
if (module_get_kallsym(iter->pos - kallsyms_num_syms, &iter->value,
&iter->type, iter->name, iter->module_name,
&iter->exported) < 0)
return 0;
return 1;
}

/* Returns space to next name. */
static unsigned long get_ksymbol_core(struct kallsym_iter *iter)
{
unsigned off = iter->nameoff;

iter->module_name[0] = '\0';
iter->value = kallsyms_addresses[iter->pos];

iter->type = kallsyms_get_symbol_type(off);

off = kallsyms_expand_symbol(off, iter->name);

return off - iter->nameoff;
}

static void reset_iter(struct kallsym_iter *iter, loff_t new_pos)
{
iter->name[0] = '\0';
iter->nameoff = get_symbol_offset(new_pos);
iter->pos = new_pos;
}

/* Returns false if pos at or past end of file. */
static int update_iter(struct kallsym_iter *iter, loff_t pos)
{
/* Module symbols can be accessed randomly. */
if (pos >= kallsyms_num_syms) {
iter->pos = pos;
return get_ksymbol_mod(iter);
}

/* If we're not on the desired position, reset to new position. */
if (pos != iter->pos)
reset_iter(iter, pos);

iter->nameoff += get_ksymbol_core(iter);
iter->pos++;

return 1;
}

static void *s_next(struct seq_file *m, void *p, loff_t *pos)
{
(*pos)++;

if (!update_iter(m->private, *pos))
return NULL;
return p;
}

static void *s_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
{
if (!update_iter(m->private, *pos))
return NULL;
return m->private;
}

static void s_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
{
}

static int s_show(struct seq_file *m, void *p)
{
struct kallsym_iter *iter = m->private;

/* Some debugging symbols have no name. Ignore them. */
if (!iter->name[0])
return 0;

if (iter->module_name[0]) {
char type;

/*
* Label it "global" if it is exported,
* "local" if not exported.
*/
type = iter->exported ? toupper(iter->type) :
tolower(iter->type);
seq_printf(m, "%pK %c %s\t[%s]\n", (void *)iter->value,
type, iter->name, iter->module_name);
} else
seq_printf(m, "%pK %c %s\n", (void *)iter->value,
iter->type, iter->name);
return 0;
}

static const struct seq_operations kallsyms_op = {
.start = s_start,
.next = s_next,
.stop = s_stop,
.show = s_show
};

static int kallsyms_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
/*
* We keep iterator in m->private, since normal case is to
* s_start from where we left off, so we avoid doing
* using get_symbol_offset for every symbol.
*/
struct kallsym_iter *iter;
int ret;

iter = kmalloc(sizeof(*iter), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!iter)
return -ENOMEM;
reset_iter(iter, 0);

ret = seq_open(file, &kallsyms_op);
if (ret == 0)
((struct seq_file *)file->private_data)->private = iter;
else
kfree(iter);
return ret;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_KGDB_KDB
const char *kdb_walk_kallsyms(loff_t *pos)
{
static struct kallsym_iter kdb_walk_kallsyms_iter;
if (*pos == 0) {
memset(&kdb_walk_kallsyms_iter, 0,
sizeof(kdb_walk_kallsyms_iter));
reset_iter(&kdb_walk_kallsyms_iter, 0);
}
while (1) {
if (!update_iter(&kdb_walk_kallsyms_iter, *pos))
return NULL;
++*pos;
/* Some debugging symbols have no name. Ignore them. */
if (kdb_walk_kallsyms_iter.name[0])
return kdb_walk_kallsyms_iter.name;
}
}
#endif /* CONFIG_KGDB_KDB */

static const struct file_operations kallsyms_operations = {
.open = kallsyms_open,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = seq_release_private,
};

static int __init kallsyms_init(void)
{
proc_create("kallsyms", 0444, NULL, &kallsyms_operations);
return 0;
}
device_initcall(kallsyms_init);
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