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/*
* Copyright (c) 2008, The Android Open Source Project
* All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
* the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
* distribution.
* * Neither the name of Google, Inc. nor the names of its contributors
* may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this
* software without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
* "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
* LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
* FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
* COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
* INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
* BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS
* OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED
* AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
* OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT
* OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
#include <ctype.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <grp.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <cutils/sched_policy.h>
struct cpu_info {
long unsigned utime, ntime, stime, itime;
long unsigned iowtime, irqtime, sirqtime;
};
#define PROC_NAME_LEN 64
#define THREAD_NAME_LEN 32
#define POLICY_NAME_LEN 4
struct proc_info {
struct proc_info *next;
pid_t pid;
pid_t tid;
uid_t uid;
gid_t gid;
char name[PROC_NAME_LEN];
char tname[THREAD_NAME_LEN];
char state;
uint64_t utime;
uint64_t stime;
uint64_t delta_utime;
uint64_t delta_stime;
uint64_t delta_time;
uint64_t vss;
uint64_t rss;
int prs;
int num_threads;
char policy[POLICY_NAME_LEN];
};
struct proc_list {
struct proc_info **array;
int size;
};
#define die(...) { fprintf(stderr, __VA_ARGS__); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); }
#define INIT_PROCS 50
#define THREAD_MULT 8
static struct proc_info **old_procs, **new_procs;
static int num_old_procs, num_new_procs;
static struct proc_info *free_procs;
static int num_used_procs, num_free_procs;
static int max_procs, delay, iterations, threads;
static struct cpu_info old_cpu, new_cpu;
static struct proc_info *alloc_proc(void);
static void free_proc(struct proc_info *proc);
static void read_procs(void);
static int read_stat(char *filename, struct proc_info *proc);
static void read_policy(int pid, struct proc_info *proc);
static void add_proc(int proc_num, struct proc_info *proc);
static int read_cmdline(char *filename, struct proc_info *proc);
static int read_status(char *filename, struct proc_info *proc);
static void print_procs(void);
static struct proc_info *find_old_proc(pid_t pid, pid_t tid);
static void free_old_procs(void);
static int (*proc_cmp)(const void *a, const void *b);
static int proc_cpu_cmp(const void *a, const void *b);
static int proc_vss_cmp(const void *a, const void *b);
static int proc_rss_cmp(const void *a, const void *b);
static int proc_thr_cmp(const void *a, const void *b);
static int numcmp(long long a, long long b);
static void usage(char *cmd);
int top_main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
num_used_procs = num_free_procs = 0;
max_procs = 0;
delay = 3;
iterations = -1;
proc_cmp = &proc_cpu_cmp;
for (int i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-m")) {
if (i + 1 >= argc) {
fprintf(stderr, "Option -m expects an argument.\n");
usage(argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
max_procs = atoi(argv[++i]);
continue;
}
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-n")) {
if (i + 1 >= argc) {
fprintf(stderr, "Option -n expects an argument.\n");
usage(argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
iterations = atoi(argv[++i]);
continue;
}
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-d")) {
if (i + 1 >= argc) {
fprintf(stderr, "Option -d expects an argument.\n");
usage(argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
delay = atoi(argv[++i]);
continue;
}
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-s")) {
if (i + 1 >= argc) {
fprintf(stderr, "Option -s expects an argument.\n");
usage(argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
++i;
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "cpu")) { proc_cmp = &proc_cpu_cmp; continue; }
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "vss")) { proc_cmp = &proc_vss_cmp; continue; }
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "rss")) { proc_cmp = &proc_rss_cmp; continue; }
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "thr")) { proc_cmp = &proc_thr_cmp; continue; }
fprintf(stderr, "Invalid argument \"%s\" for option -s.\n", argv[i]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-t")) { threads = 1; continue; }
if (!strcmp(argv[i], "-h")) {
usage(argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
fprintf(stderr, "Invalid argument \"%s\".\n", argv[i]);
usage(argv[0]);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (threads && proc_cmp == &proc_thr_cmp) {
fprintf(stderr, "Sorting by threads per thread makes no sense!\n");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
free_procs = NULL;
num_new_procs = num_old_procs = 0;
new_procs = old_procs = NULL;
read_procs();
while ((iterations == -1) || (iterations-- > 0)) {
old_procs = new_procs;
num_old_procs = num_new_procs;
memcpy(&old_cpu, &new_cpu, sizeof(old_cpu));
sleep(delay);
read_procs();
print_procs();
free_old_procs();
}
return 0;
}
static struct proc_info *alloc_proc(void) {
struct proc_info *proc;
if (free_procs) {
proc = free_procs;
free_procs = free_procs->next;
num_free_procs--;
} else {
proc = malloc(sizeof(*proc));
if (!proc) die("Could not allocate struct process_info.\n");
}
num_used_procs++;
return proc;
}
static void free_proc(struct proc_info *proc) {
proc->next = free_procs;
free_procs = proc;
num_used_procs--;
num_free_procs++;
}
#define MAX_LINE 256
static void read_procs(void) {
DIR *proc_dir, *task_dir;
struct dirent *pid_dir, *tid_dir;
char filename[64];
FILE *file;
int proc_num;
struct proc_info *proc;
pid_t pid, tid;
int i;
proc_dir = opendir("/proc");
if (!proc_dir) die("Could not open /proc.\n");
new_procs = calloc(INIT_PROCS * (threads ? THREAD_MULT : 1), sizeof(struct proc_info *));
num_new_procs = INIT_PROCS * (threads ? THREAD_MULT : 1);
file = fopen("/proc/stat", "r");
if (!file) die("Could not open /proc/stat.\n");
fscanf(file, "cpu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu %lu", &new_cpu.utime, &new_cpu.ntime, &new_cpu.stime,
&new_cpu.itime, &new_cpu.iowtime, &new_cpu.irqtime, &new_cpu.sirqtime);
fclose(file);
proc_num = 0;
while ((pid_dir = readdir(proc_dir))) {
if (!isdigit(pid_dir->d_name[0]))
continue;
pid = atoi(pid_dir->d_name);
struct proc_info cur_proc;
if (!threads) {
proc = alloc_proc();
proc->pid = proc->tid = pid;
sprintf(filename, "/proc/%d/stat", pid);
read_stat(filename, proc);
sprintf(filename, "/proc/%d/cmdline", pid);
read_cmdline(filename, proc);
sprintf(filename, "/proc/%d/status", pid);
read_status(filename, proc);
read_policy(pid, proc);
proc->num_threads = 0;
} else {
sprintf(filename, "/proc/%d/cmdline", pid);
read_cmdline(filename, &cur_proc);
sprintf(filename, "/proc/%d/status", pid);
read_status(filename, &cur_proc);
proc = NULL;
}
sprintf(filename, "/proc/%d/task", pid);
task_dir = opendir(filename);
if (!task_dir) continue;
while ((tid_dir = readdir(task_dir))) {
if (!isdigit(tid_dir->d_name[0]))
continue;
if (threads) {
tid = atoi(tid_dir->d_name);
proc = alloc_proc();
proc->pid = pid; proc->tid = tid;
sprintf(filename, "/proc/%d/task/%d/stat", pid, tid);
read_stat(filename, proc);
read_policy(tid, proc);
strcpy(proc->name, cur_proc.name);
proc->uid = cur_proc.uid;
proc->gid = cur_proc.gid;
add_proc(proc_num++, proc);
} else {
proc->num_threads++;
}
}
closedir(task_dir);
if (!threads)
add_proc(proc_num++, proc);
}
for (i = proc_num; i < num_new_procs; i++)
new_procs[i] = NULL;
closedir(proc_dir);
}
static int read_stat(char *filename, struct proc_info *proc) {
FILE *file;
char buf[MAX_LINE], *open_paren, *close_paren;
file = fopen(filename, "r");
if (!file) return 1;
fgets(buf, MAX_LINE, file);
fclose(file);
/* Split at first '(' and last ')' to get process name. */
open_paren = strchr(buf, '(');
close_paren = strrchr(buf, ')');
if (!open_paren || !close_paren) return 1;
*open_paren = *close_paren = '\0';
strncpy(proc->tname, open_paren + 1, THREAD_NAME_LEN);
proc->tname[THREAD_NAME_LEN-1] = 0;
/* Scan rest of string. */
sscanf(close_paren + 1,
" %c " "%*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d "
"%" SCNu64
"%" SCNu64 "%*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d "
"%" SCNu64
"%" SCNu64 "%*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d %*d "
"%d",
&proc->state,
&proc->utime,
&proc->stime,
&proc->vss,
&proc->rss,
&proc->prs);
return 0;
}
static void add_proc(int proc_num, struct proc_info *proc) {
int i;
if (proc_num >= num_new_procs) {
new_procs = realloc(new_procs, 2 * num_new_procs * sizeof(struct proc_info *));
if (!new_procs) die("Could not expand procs array.\n");
for (i = num_new_procs; i < 2 * num_new_procs; i++)
new_procs[i] = NULL;
num_new_procs = 2 * num_new_procs;
}
new_procs[proc_num] = proc;
}
static int read_cmdline(char *filename, struct proc_info *proc) {
FILE *file;
char line[MAX_LINE];
line[0] = '\0';
file = fopen(filename, "r");
if (!file) return 1;
fgets(line, MAX_LINE, file);
fclose(file);
if (strlen(line) > 0) {
strncpy(proc->name, line, PROC_NAME_LEN);
proc->name[PROC_NAME_LEN-1] = 0;
} else
proc->name[0] = 0;
return 0;
}
static void read_policy(int pid, struct proc_info *proc) {
SchedPolicy p;
if (get_sched_policy(pid, &p) < 0)
strlcpy(proc->policy, "unk", POLICY_NAME_LEN);
else {
strlcpy(proc->policy, get_sched_policy_name(p), POLICY_NAME_LEN);
proc->policy[2] = '\0';
}
}
static int read_status(char *filename, struct proc_info *proc) {
FILE *file;
char line[MAX_LINE];
unsigned int uid, gid;
file = fopen(filename, "r");
if (!file) return 1;
while (fgets(line, MAX_LINE, file)) {
sscanf(line, "Uid: %u", &uid);
sscanf(line, "Gid: %u", &gid);
}
fclose(file);
proc->uid = uid; proc->gid = gid;
return 0;
}
static void print_procs(void) {
int i;
struct proc_info *old_proc, *proc;
long unsigned total_delta_time;
struct passwd *user;
char *user_str, user_buf[20];
for (i = 0; i < num_new_procs; i++) {
if (new_procs[i]) {
old_proc = find_old_proc(new_procs[i]->pid, new_procs[i]->tid);
if (old_proc) {
new_procs[i]->delta_utime = new_procs[i]->utime - old_proc->utime;
new_procs[i]->delta_stime = new_procs[i]->stime - old_proc->stime;
} else {
new_procs[i]->delta_utime = 0;
new_procs[i]->delta_stime = 0;
}
new_procs[i]->delta_time = new_procs[i]->delta_utime + new_procs[i]->delta_stime;
}
}
total_delta_time = (new_cpu.utime + new_cpu.ntime + new_cpu.stime + new_cpu.itime
+ new_cpu.iowtime + new_cpu.irqtime + new_cpu.sirqtime)
- (old_cpu.utime + old_cpu.ntime + old_cpu.stime + old_cpu.itime
+ old_cpu.iowtime + old_cpu.irqtime + old_cpu.sirqtime);
qsort(new_procs, num_new_procs, sizeof(struct proc_info *), proc_cmp);
printf("\n\n\n");
printf("User %ld%%, System %ld%%, IOW %ld%%, IRQ %ld%%\n",
((new_cpu.utime + new_cpu.ntime) - (old_cpu.utime + old_cpu.ntime)) * 100 / total_delta_time,
((new_cpu.stime ) - (old_cpu.stime)) * 100 / total_delta_time,
((new_cpu.iowtime) - (old_cpu.iowtime)) * 100 / total_delta_time,
((new_cpu.irqtime + new_cpu.sirqtime)
- (old_cpu.irqtime + old_cpu.sirqtime)) * 100 / total_delta_time);
printf("User %ld + Nice %ld + Sys %ld + Idle %ld + IOW %ld + IRQ %ld + SIRQ %ld = %ld\n",
new_cpu.utime - old_cpu.utime,
new_cpu.ntime - old_cpu.ntime,
new_cpu.stime - old_cpu.stime,
new_cpu.itime - old_cpu.itime,
new_cpu.iowtime - old_cpu.iowtime,
new_cpu.irqtime - old_cpu.irqtime,
new_cpu.sirqtime - old_cpu.sirqtime,
total_delta_time);
printf("\n");
if (!threads)
printf("%5s %2s %4s %1s %5s %7s %7s %3s %-8s %s\n", "PID", "PR", "CPU%", "S", "#THR", "VSS", "RSS", "PCY", "UID", "Name");
else
printf("%5s %5s %2s %4s %1s %7s %7s %3s %-8s %-15s %s\n", "PID", "TID", "PR", "CPU%", "S", "VSS", "RSS", "PCY", "UID", "Thread", "Proc");
for (i = 0; i < num_new_procs; i++) {
proc = new_procs[i];
if (!proc || (max_procs && (i >= max_procs)))
break;
user = getpwuid(proc->uid);
if (user && user->pw_name) {
user_str = user->pw_name;
} else {
snprintf(user_buf, 20, "%d", proc->uid);
user_str = user_buf;
}
if (!threads) {
printf("%5d %2d %3" PRIu64 "%% %c %5d %6" PRIu64 "K %6" PRIu64 "K %3s %-8.8s %s\n",
proc->pid, proc->prs, proc->delta_time * 100 / total_delta_time, proc->state, proc->num_threads,
proc->vss / 1024, proc->rss * getpagesize() / 1024, proc->policy, user_str, proc->name[0] != 0 ? proc->name : proc->tname);
} else {
printf("%5d %5d %2d %3" PRIu64 "%% %c %6" PRIu64 "K %6" PRIu64 "K %3s %-8.8s %-15s %s\n",
proc->pid, proc->tid, proc->prs, proc->delta_time * 100 / total_delta_time, proc->state,
proc->vss / 1024, proc->rss * getpagesize() / 1024, proc->policy, user_str, proc->tname, proc->name);
}
}
}
static struct proc_info *find_old_proc(pid_t pid, pid_t tid) {
int i;
for (i = 0; i < num_old_procs; i++)
if (old_procs[i] && (old_procs[i]->pid == pid) && (old_procs[i]->tid == tid))
return old_procs[i];
return NULL;
}
static void free_old_procs(void) {
int i;
for (i = 0; i < num_old_procs; i++)
if (old_procs[i])
free_proc(old_procs[i]);
free(old_procs);
}
static int proc_cpu_cmp(const void *a, const void *b) {
struct proc_info *pa, *pb;
pa = *((struct proc_info **)a); pb = *((struct proc_info **)b);
if (!pa && !pb) return 0;
if (!pa) return 1;
if (!pb) return -1;
return -numcmp(pa->delta_time, pb->delta_time);
}
static int proc_vss_cmp(const void *a, const void *b) {
struct proc_info *pa, *pb;
pa = *((struct proc_info **)a); pb = *((struct proc_info **)b);
if (!pa && !pb) return 0;
if (!pa) return 1;
if (!pb) return -1;
return -numcmp(pa->vss, pb->vss);
}
static int proc_rss_cmp(const void *a, const void *b) {
struct proc_info *pa, *pb;
pa = *((struct proc_info **)a); pb = *((struct proc_info **)b);
if (!pa && !pb) return 0;
if (!pa) return 1;
if (!pb) return -1;
return -numcmp(pa->rss, pb->rss);
}
static int proc_thr_cmp(const void *a, const void *b) {
struct proc_info *pa, *pb;
pa = *((struct proc_info **)a); pb = *((struct proc_info **)b);
if (!pa && !pb) return 0;
if (!pa) return 1;
if (!pb) return -1;
return -numcmp(pa->num_threads, pb->num_threads);
}
static int numcmp(long long a, long long b) {
if (a < b) return -1;
if (a > b) return 1;
return 0;
}
static void usage(char *cmd) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s [ -m max_procs ] [ -n iterations ] [ -d delay ] [ -s sort_column ] [ -t ] [ -h ]\n"
" -m num Maximum number of processes to display.\n"
" -n num Updates to show before exiting.\n"
" -d num Seconds to wait between updates.\n"
" -s col Column to sort by (cpu,vss,rss,thr).\n"
" -t Show threads instead of processes.\n"
" -h Display this help screen.\n",
cmd);
}
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