A collection of samples demonstrating different frameworks and techniques for automated testing.
BasicSample - Basic Espresso sample
CustomMatcherSample - Shows how to extend Espresso to match the hint property of an EditText
DataAdapterSample - Showcases the
onData() entry point for Espresso, for lists and AdapterViews
FragmentScenarioSample - Basic usage of
FragmentScenario with Espresso.
IdlingResourceSample - Synchronization with background jobs
IntentsBasicSample - Basic usage of
IntentsAdvancedSample - Simulates a user fetching a bitmap using the camera
MultiWindowSample - Shows how to point Espresso to different windows
RecyclerViewSample - RecyclerView actions for Espresso
ScreenshotSample - Screenshot capturing and saving using Espresso and androidx.test.core APIs
WebBasicSample - Use Espresso-web to interact with WebViews
BasicSampleBundled - Basic sample for Eclipse and other IDEs
MultiProcessSample - Showcases how to use multiprocess Espresso.
BasicSample - Basic UI Automator sample
AndroidJunitRunnerSample - Showcases test annotations, parameterized tests and testsuite creation
**All previous samples use ActivityTestRule or IntentsTestRule but there's one specific to ServiceTestRule:
BasicSample - Simple usage of
IntentsBasicSample - Simple usage of
ServiceTestRuleSample - Simple usage of
- Android SDK v28
- Android Build Tools v28.03
These samples use the Gradle build system. To build a project, enter the project directory and use the
./gradlew assemble command or use "Import Project" in Android Studio.
./gradlew connectedAndroidTestto run the tests on a connected emulator or device.
./gradlew testto run the unit test on your local host.
There is a top-level
build.gradle file if you want to build and test all samples from the root directory. This is mostly helpful to build on a CI (Continuous Integration) server.
Many of these samples use the AndroidX Test Library. Visit the Testing site on developer.android.com for more information.
Some of these samples can be tested with Bazel on Linux. These samples contain a
BUILD.bazel file, which is similar to a
build.gradle file. The external dependencies are defined in the top level
This is experimental feature. To run the tests, please install the latest version of Bazel (0.12.0 or later) by following the instructions on the Bazel website.
# Clone the repository if you haven't. $ git clone https://github.com/google/android-testing $ cd android-testing # Edit the path to your local SDK at the top of the WORKSPACE file $ $EDITOR WORKSPACE # Test everything in a headless mode (no graphical display) $ bazel test //... --config=headless # Test a single test, e.g. ui/espresso/BasicSample/BUILD.bazel $ bazel test //ui/uiautomator/BasicSample:BasicSampleInstrumentationTest_21_x86 --config=headless # Query for all android_instrumentation_test targets $ bazel query 'kind(android_instrumentation_test, //...)' //ui/uiautomator/BasicSample:BasicSampleInstrumentationTest_23_x86 //ui/uiautomator/BasicSample:BasicSampleInstrumentationTest_22_x86 //ui/uiautomator/BasicSample:BasicSampleInstrumentationTest_21_x86 //ui/uiautomator/BasicSample:BasicSampleInstrumentationTest_19_x86 //ui/espresso/RecyclerViewSample:RecyclerViewSampleInstrumentationTest_23_x86 //ui/espresso/RecyclerViewSample:RecyclerViewSampleInstrumentationTest_22_x86 //ui/espresso/RecyclerViewSample:RecyclerViewSampleInstrumentationTest_21_x86 //ui/espresso/RecyclerViewSample:RecyclerViewSampleInstrumentationTest_19_x86 //ui/espresso/MultiWindowSample:MultiWindowSampleInstrumentationTest_23_x86 //ui/espresso/MultiWindowSample:MultiWindowSampleInstrumentationTest_22_x86 ... # Test everything with GUI enabled $ bazel test //... --config=gui # Test with a local device or emulator. Ensure that `adb devices` lists the device. $ bazel test //... --config=local_device # If multiple devices are connected, add --device_serial_number=$identifier where $identifier is the name of the device in `adb devices` $ bazel test //... --config=local_device --test_arg=--device_serial_number=$identifier
For more information, check out the documentation for Android Instrumentation Tests in Bazel. You may also want to check out Building an Android App with Bazel, and the list of Android Rules in the Bazel Build Encyclopedia.
- Building of APKs is supported on Linux, Mac and Windows, but testing is only supported on Linux.
android_instrumentation_test.target_deviceattribute still needs to be specified even if
- If using a local device or emulator, the APKs are not uninstalled automatically after the test. Use this command to
remove the packages:
adb shell pm list packages com.example.android.testing | cut -d ':' -f 2 | tr -d '\r' | xargs -L1 -t adb uninstall
Please file Bazel related issues against the Bazel repository instead of this repository.
- Google+ Community: https://plus.google.com/communities/105153134372062985968
- Stack Overflow: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/tagged/android-testing
If you've found an error in this sample, please file an issue: https://github.com/googlesamples/android-testing
Patches are encouraged, and may be submitted by forking this project and submitting a pull request through GitHub. Please see CONTRIBUTING.md for more details.
Copyright 2015 The Android Open Source Project, Inc.
Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership. The ASF licenses this file to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.