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Frequently asked questions

  1. How to get this device ?

    We appreciate your interest, if you are a student from India you will get it soon. Already more than 20k devices have been shipped to different colleges, please don't raise any questions regarding the availability.

  2. Can I run unity desktop ?

    In Ubuntu 12.04 builds you can actually install unity-2d-panel but it is less responsive compared to the custom lxde version which comes default with this device. The team is considering Ubuntu 12.10 because of many stability issues in lxde, in that case unity-2d will not be available.

  3. Can I run this image from internal NAND flash ? Will it affect my stock android ?

    It may run from internal NAND flash, but for now we are concentrating only on sdcard version. The Linux boots directly from sdcard without touching any android filesystem from NAND

  4. I don't find script.bin file in linux-sunxi/arch/arm/boot/ directory after kernel compilation ?

    Actually script.bin has nothing to do with kernel compilation. It is not a kernel generated binary file. This file is device specific, you may find this file in /dev/block/nanda of the device.

    You can extract this file using by mounting nanda block somewhere in sdcard. To extract, please follow this procedure

    • First, enter the android shell using adb shell and create a directory nanda in internal SDcard

      adb shell
      mkdir /mnt/sdcard/nanda
    • Now mount /dev/block/nanda to /mnt/sdcard/nanda using

      mount -t vfat /dev/block/nanda /mnt/sdcard/nanda
    • Now open new terminal and pull script.bin from /mnt/sdcard/nanda using

      adb pull /mnt/sdcard/nanda/script.bin
    • Go back to your android shell and unmount nanda block

      umount /mnt/sdcard/nanda

    Primarily as the extension says, it is a binary file but you can change it using bin2fex and then back again using fex2bin. You can get this tool from More info about script.bin can be found at

  5. I'm getting following error when I do adb devices?

    List of devices attached
    ????????????    no permissions

    We have two work-arounds,

    • login as root and repeat the command again

      adb devices

      If it still gives you error, then you have to kill the adb process using

      killall adb
    • Another is the recommended one. You should make your device to be identified by your system. Every device has it own unique Vendor ID. This ID should be added to you system udev rules. To do this type


      this will output something like

      Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
      Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
      Bus 001 Device 002: ID 8087:0024 Intel Corp. Integrated Rate Matching Hub
      Bus 002 Device 002: ID 8087:0024 Intel Corp. Integrated Rate Matching Hub
      Bus 001 Device 004: ID 10f1:1a36 Importek
      Bus 002 Device 007: ID 0cf3:3005 Atheros Communications, Inc. AR3011 Bluetooth
      Bus 002 Device 008: ID 19d2:1351 ZTE WCDMA Technologies MSM

      where the last line is my android phone attached via USB.

      Notice the string 19d2:1351 wherein the 19d2 is my vendor ID.

      Now create a file /etc/udev/rules.d/51-android.rules if it does not exist and copy below line to the file

      SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="19d2", MODE="0666", GROUP="plugdev"

      replace 192d with your device's vendor ID. Save and close the file. You need to have root access to create/edit this file. Now your system should be able to detect your android device as normal user.

      For more info, please visit

  6. How do I test this image without Aakash tablet?

    This is an ARM architecture image made for Aakash. The best way to test this images is to run it on a real hardware. If at all you want to try on x86 machine then follow these steps:

    1. Install qemu-user-static from synaptic or do apt-get install qemu-user-static

    2. Download and untar aakash-linux from here

    3. Now get an 8GB sdcard(backup your data, if any), use card reader or your laptop's card slot to write img-file to sdcard. Download and install ddMaker . Run ddmaker and follow the onscreen instructions to write image to sdcard. This process will take 40 minutes approximately.

    4. or you can simply use the dd command

      dd if=/path/to/an/image/file.img of=/dev/sdb bs=1024

      assuming your sdcard is detected as sdb

    5. Download this script. Your sdcard will have two visible partitions. The second partition will have a large number associated with it(you may confirm using 'mount' command). Then use this command to get root access of aakash-linux

      sudo -m /media/<your-username>/<ext4 partition of sdcard>/
  7. How to contribute ?

    1. Write to us and suggest new ideas.
    2. Visit our TODO section and decide where you want to help us.
    3. You can do lot of fancy stuff like build a custom app, fix bugs, cross compile.
    4. Write good documentation & manuals.

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