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This is a report on how to build SANE on Solaris/x86 using a USB scanner. See
below for SCSI.
Another report for SANE on OpenSolaris can be found here:
From: Tomasz Orlinski <>
Subject: [sane-devel] USB scanners DO work on Solaris 10 x86
Date: Thu, 7 Oct 2004 20:26:50 +0200
I would like to inform you, that I have compiled SANE on Sun Solaris 10 x86
with built-in USB scanner support. It was possible, because Sun had prepared
libusb library wrapper for Solaris 10. I know, that Solaris 10 Software
Express Release 08/04 is required. I have done it in that way:
LDFLAGS="-L/usr/sfw/lib -R/usr/sfw/lib -lusb"
./configure --prefix=/opt/sane --disable-fork-process
make install
It was also required to add a generic USB kernel driver. I had to look for
my scanner device name in output of
prtconf -D -v
command. My scanner is Plustek UT24 and the apropriate part of output looked
like this:
name='compatible' type=string items=8 value='usb7b3,17.100' + ...
I had to remove the not used kernel driver
rem_drv ugen
And add it again:
add_drv -i 'usb7b3,17.100' ugen
Then, /opt/sane/bin/sane-find-scanner detected my scanner and everything
worked fine. I to add " " signs around usb7b3,17.100 name in
/etc/driver_aliases to have the scanner working after reboot.
To compile this packages SUNWlibusb and SUNWlibusbugen were needed. I used
Solaris Software Companion CD gcc 2.95.3 compiler and Sun's /usr/ccs/bin/ld
linker. USB support DOES NOT work in Solaris 9 and earlier versions.
I hope, that this information would be useful for other USB scanner users.
From: Tomasz Orlinski <>
Subject: Re: [sane-devel] USB scanners DO work on Solaris 10 x86
Date: Fri, 8 Oct 2004 16:06:14 +0200
Sun in Driver Development Kit v. 0.9 writes how to compile SANE, but it does not
really work :) They write about compiling with gcc and give options for Sun
Forte compiler (cc) and forget about attaching a kernel driver. But they write,
that versions earlier than 1.0.14 cannot be used. They want also to build SANE
with Posix threads enabled. So I think that can be true. Sun writes also, that
Solaris Software Express release at least S10_62 is needed to use
libusb. Release number can be checked in /etc/release. The newest version can be
downloaded from for free.
In my opinion it is important to be cautious when using scanner or just libusb
on important Solaris machines (especially multi-processor ones), because unlike
in other systems, Solaris kernel is fully preemtible, what means, that many
instances of the same driver can ran simultanously - it's dangerous, when
drivers are not perfect. And Solaris USB framework is absolutely new, so it can
contain bugs. I tried to crash my Solaris using USB subsystem and SANE, I didn't
manage to, but it doesn't mean, it's impossible.
SANE frontends work without any problems with Xsun and GIMP included in Solaris
Software Companion CD.
The following text describes, how to use a SCSI scanner (2002-06-11).
You need a generic SCSI driver to run SANE on Solaris. There are at
least three such drivers: the scg driver by Joerg Schillig, the
sg driver by Kevin Sheehan, and starting with Solaris 8 Sun's own
sgen(7D) driver.
NOTE: You should install the SCSI generic driver BEFORE you run
`configure' in the sane directory---otherwise configure won't set up
SANE to work with the generic scsi driver.
*** scg driver
The SCSI general driver scg is
Copyright 1986-1995 Joerg Schilling,
It is supplied binary in pkgadd(1m) format and is tested from Solaris
2.3 to Solaris 2.6 (sparc) and Solaris 2.3 to Solaris 2.5.1 (x86). It
can be found in
To install it on a SPARC do:
cd /tmp
get SCHILYscg.sparc.tar.Z
uncompress SCHILYscg.sparc.tar.Z
tar -xvf SCHILYscg.sparc.tar
as root:
pkgadd -d .
NOTE: Be very careful with pkgadd as it does not check for the correct
target architecture. Do not install drivers for x86 on sparc
and vice versa. You will get a corrupt system otherwise.
For Solaris on an x86 do:
cd /tmp
get SCHILYscg.i386.tar.Z
uncompress SCHILYscg.i386.tar.Z
tar -xvf SCHILYscg.i386.tar
as root:
pkgadd -d .
Then do a reboot --r
Once the system has rebooted, there should be a device node /dev/scgXX
for each of your SCSI adapters (/dev/scg0 for the first adapter,
/dev/scg1 for the second, and so on...)
Because the device name specifies a SCSI adapter, you need to use a
special device naming syntax so SANE can tell which device you want to
talk to. If the device is at SCSI id 0, the character 'a' should be
appended, character 'b' should be used for SCSI id 1, and so on
(see also the Solaris section in sane-scsi(5)).
E.g., to configure an HP scanner, configuration file
/opt/local/etc/sane.d/hp.conf might contain:
/dev/scg0c if the scanner has the SCSI target id 2
WARNING! Everybody who can read/write a generic SCSI device can do
with all your disks whatever he/she wants. It takes only a few lines
of code to send a FORMAT control block... Rather than giving users
access to the SCSI adapter special device, it may be a better idea to
install scanimage/xscanimage setgid to a special "scanner" group and
then turn on write permission for the scanner group.
*** sg driver
Another solution to the permission problem is to use the generic SCSI
driver sg by Kevin Sheehan. This driver is not free but uses separate
device node for each SCSI target:
/dev/sg/0, /dev/sg/1, ...
This allows to control device access on a per-device basis.
*** sgen driver
The solaris 8 sgen driver must be configured before it can be used.
See /kernel/drv/sgen.conf and the manual page sgen(7D).
The minimal config includes defining the correct
"device-type-config-list" property in /kernel/drv/sgen.conf. The
typical SCSI device type for a scanner is either "scanner" or
"processor". You can optionally restrict the devices sgen attaches to,
by defining the "inquiry-config-list" property. You also have to
uncomment the scanner's "target/lun" entry, so that the sgen driver is
allowed to attach to the SCSI scanner hardware.
After the configuration file /kernel/drv/sgen.conf is set up for the
scanner, run the command "devfsadm -v -i sgen" to create sgen device
nodes for the scanner. In case you need to rerun devfsadm to
incorporate changes to the sgen.conf file, make sure the sgen driver
is unloaded from the kernel before you re-run devfsadm. The driver is
unloaded using the "modunload -i {id}" command; the {id} of the sgen
driver can be determined with the modinfo command.
The device nodes use names of the following form:
Example: A HP Scanjet 4c (SCSI device type: "processor") on controller
#1, target #6, lun #0 uses the device name
/kernel/drv/sgen.conf contains:
name="sgen" class="scsi" target=6 lun=0;
If you have questions or problems with the Solaris support in SANE,
send mail to:
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