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Helpers for concurrency, message-passing, rotating loggers, and other production functionality in Angel.


This will become the de-facto way to run Angel applications in deployed environments, as it takes care of inter-isolate communication, respawning dead processes, and other housekeeping for you automatically.

Most users will want to use the Runner class.


Runner is a utility, powered by package:args, that is intended to be the entry point of your application.

Instantiate it as follows, and your file will become a command-line executable that spawns multiple instances of your application:

import 'dart:async';
import 'dart:isolate';
import 'package:angel_framework/angel_framework.dart';
import 'package:angel_production/angel_production.dart';

main(List<String> args) => Runner('example', configureServer).run(args);

Future configureServer(Angel app) async {
  app.get('/', (req, res) => 'Hello, production world!');

  app.get('/crash', (req, res) {
    // We'll crash this instance deliberately, but the Runner will auto-respawn for us.
    Timer(const Duration(seconds: 3), Isolate.current.kill);
    return 'Crashing in 3s...';

Runner will automatically re-spawn crashed instances, unless --no-respawn is passed. This can prevent your server from entirely going down at the first error, and adds a layer of fault tolerance to your infrastructure.

When combined with systemd, deploying Angel applications on Linux can be very simple.

Message Passing

The Runner class uses package:pub_sub to coordinate message passing between isolates.

When one isolate sends a message, all other isolates will receive the same message, except for the isolate that sent it.

It is injected into your application's Container as pub_sub.Client, so you can use it as follows:

// Use the injected `pub_sub.Client` to send messages.
var client = app.container.make<pub_sub.Client>();

// We can listen for an event to perform some behavior.
// Here, we use message passing to synchronize some common state.
var onGreetingChanged = await client.subscribe('user_upgraded');
    .listen((user) {
      // Do something...

Run-time Metadata

At run-time, you may want to know information about the currently-running instance, for example, which number instance. For this, the InstanceInfo class is injected into each instance:

var instanceInfo = app.container.make<InstanceInfo>();
print('This is instance #${}');

Command-line Options

The Runner class supplies options like the following:

Tobes-MacBook-Air:production thosakwe$ dart example/main.dart --help
____________   ________________________ 
___    |__  | / /_  ____/__  ____/__  / 
__  /| |_   |/ /_  / __ __  __/  __  /  
_  ___ |  /|  / / /_/ / _  /___  _  /___
/_/  |_/_/ |_/  ____/  /_____/  /_____/

A batteries-included, full-featured, full-stack framework in Dart.

-h, --help                    Print this help information.
    --[no-]respawn            Automatically respawn crashed application instances.
                              (defaults to on)

    --use-zone                Create a new Zone for each request.
    --quiet                   Completely mute logging.
    --ssl                     Listen for HTTPS instead of HTTP.
    --http2                   Listen for HTTP/2 instead of HTTP/1.1.
-a, --address                 The address to listen on.
                              (defaults to "")

-j, --concurrency             The number of isolates to spawn.
                              (defaults to "4")

-p, --port                    The port to listen on.
                              (defaults to "3000")

    --certificate-file        The PEM certificate file to read.
    --certificate-password    The PEM certificate file password.
    --key-file                The PEM key file to read.
    --key-password            The PEM key file password.