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Route users with AngularFire guards

AngularFireAuthGuard provides a prebuilt canActivate Router Guard using AngularFireAuth. By default unauthenticated users are not permitted to navigate to protected routes:

import { AngularFireAuthGuard } from '@angular/fire/auth-guard';

export const routes: Routes = [
    { path: '',      component: AppComponent },
    { path: 'items', component: ItemListComponent, canActivate: [AngularFireAuthGuard] },
]

Customizing the behavior of AngularFireAuthGuard

To customize the behavior of AngularFireAuthGuard, you can pass an RXJS pipe through the route data's authGuardPipe key.

The auth-guard module provides the following pre-built pipes:

Exported pipe Functionality
loggedIn The default pipe, rejects if the user is not authenticated.
isNotAnonymous Rejects if the user is anonymous
emailVerified Rejects if the user's email is not verified
hasCustomClaim(claim) Rejects if the user does not have the specified claim
redirectUnauthorizedTo(redirect) Redirect unauthenticated users to a different route
redirectLoggedInTo(redirect) Redirect authenticated users to a different route

Example use:

import { AngularFireAuthGuard, hasCustomClaim, redirectUnauthorizedTo, redirectLoggedInTo } from '@angular/fire/auth-guard';

const adminOnly = hasCustomClaim('admin');
const redirectUnauthorizedToLogin = redirectUnauthorizedTo(['login']);
const redirectLoggedInToItems = redirectLoggedInTo(['items']);
const belongsToAccount = (next) => hasCustomClaim(`account-${next.params.id}`);

export const routes: Routes = [
    { path: '',      component: AppComponent },
    { path: 'login', component: LoginComponent,        canActivate: [AngularFireAuthGuard], data: { authGuardPipe: redirectLoggedInToItems }},
    { path: 'items', component: ItemListComponent,     canActivate: [AngularFireAuthGuard], data: { authGuardPipe: redirectUnauthorizedToLogin },
    { path: 'admin', component: AdminComponent,        canActivate: [AngularFireAuthGuard], data: { authGuardPipe: adminOnly }},
    { path: 'accounts/:id', component: AdminComponent, canActivate: [AngularFireAuthGuard], data: { authGuardPipe: belongsToAccount }}
];

Use the provided canActivate helper and spread syntax to make your routes more readable:

import { canActivate } from '@angular/fire/auth-guard';

export const routes: Routes = [
    { path: '',             component: AppComponent },
    { path: 'login',        component: LoginComponent,    ...canActivate(redirectLoggedInToItems) },
    { path: 'items',        component: ItemListComponent, ...canActivate(redirectUnauthorizedToLogin) },
    { path: 'admin',        component: AdminComponent,    ...canActivate(adminOnly) },
    { path: 'accounts/:id', component: AdminComponent,    ...canActivate(belongsToAccount) }
];

Compose your own pipes

AngularFireAuthGuard pipes are RXJS operators which transform an optional User to a boolean or Array (for redirects). You can build easily build your own to customize behavior further:

import { map } from 'rxjs/operators';

// This pipe redirects a user to their "profile edit" page or the "login page" if they're unauthenticated
// { path: 'profile', ...canActivate(redirectToProfileEditOrLogin) }
const redirectToProfileEditOrLogin = map(user => user ? ['profiles', user.uid, 'edit'] : ['login']);

The auth-guard modules provides a customClaims operator to reduce boiler plate when checking a user's claims:

import { pipe } from 'rxjs';
import { map } from 'rxjs/operators';
import { customClaims } from '@angular/fire/auth-guard';

// This pipe will only allow users with the editor role to access the route
// { path: 'articles/:id/edit', component: ArticleEditComponent, ...canActivate(editorOnly) }
const editorOnly = pipe(customClaims, map(claims => claims.role === "editor"));

Using router state

AngularFireAuthGuard will also accept AuthPipeGenerators which generate AuthPipes given the router state:

import { pipe } from 'rxjs';
import { map } from 'rxjs/operators';
import { customClaims } from '@angular/fire/auth-guard';

// Only allow navigation to the route if :userId matches the authenticated user's uid
// { path: 'user/:userId/edit', component: ProfileEditComponent, ...canActivate(onlyAllowSelf) }
const onlyAllowSelf = (next) => map(user => !!user && next.params.userId === user.uid);

// Only allow navigation to the route if the user has a custom claim matching  :accountId
// { path: 'accounts/:accountId/billing', component: BillingDetailsComponent, ...canActivate(accountAdmin) }
const accountAdmin = (next) => pipe(customClaims, map(claims => claims[`account-${next.params.accountId}-role`] === "admin"));
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