Skip to content
master
Go to file
Code

Files

Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
Type
Name
Latest commit message
Commit time
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

README.md

The Ultimate Guide to Ruby Timeouts

An unresponsive service can be worse than a down one. It can tie up your entire system if not handled properly. All network requests should have a timeout.

Here’s how to add timeouts for popular Ruby gems. All have been tested. You should avoid Ruby’s Timeout module. The default is no timeout, unless otherwise specified. Enjoy!

Build Status

Timeout Types

  • connect (or open) - time to open the connection
  • read (or receive) - time to receive data after connected
  • write (or send) - time to send data after connected
  • checkout - time to checkout a connection from the pool
  • statement - time to execute a database statement
  • lock (or acquisition) - time to acquire a lock
  • request (or service) - time to process a request
  • wait - time to start processing a queued request
  • command - time to run a command
  • solve - time to solve an optimization problem

Statement Timeouts

For many apps, the single most important thing to do (if you use a relational database)

Gems

Data Stores

HTTP Clients

Commands

Web Servers

Rack Middleware

Solvers

Distributed Locks

3rd Party Services

Other

Statement Timeouts

Prevent single queries from taking up all of your database’s resources.

PostgreSQL

If you use Rails, add to your config/database.yml

production:
  variables:
    statement_timeout: 5s # or ms, min, etc

or set it on your database role

ALTER ROLE myuser SET statement_timeout = '5s';

Test with

SELECT pg_sleep(6);

To set for a single transaction, use

BEGIN;
SET LOCAL statement_timeout = '5s';
...
COMMIT;

For migrations, you likely want to set a longer statement timeout. You can do this with

production:
  variables:
    statement_timeout: <%= ENV["STATEMENT_TIMEOUT"] || "5s" %>

And use

STATEMENT_TIMEOUT=90s rails db:migrate

MySQL

Note: Requires MySQL 5.7.8 or higher, and only applies to read-only SELECT statements (more info).

If you use Rails, add to your config/database.yml

production:
  variables:
    max_execution_time: 5000 # ms

or set it directly on each connection

SET SESSION max_execution_time = 5000;

Test with

SELECT 1 FROM information_schema.tables WHERE sleep(6);

To set for a single statement, use an optimizer hint

SELECT /*+ MAX_EXECUTION_TIME(5000) */ ...

For migrations, you likely want to set a longer statement timeout. You can do this with

production:
  variables:
    max_execution_time: <%= ENV["MAX_EXECUTION_TIME"] || 5000 %>

And use

MAX_EXECUTION_TIME=90000 rails db:migrate

MariaDB

Note: Requires MariaDB 10.1.1 or higher

If you use Rails, add to your config/database.yml

production:
  variables:
    max_statement_time: 5 # sec

or set it directly on each connection

SET SESSION max_statement_time = 5;

Test with

SELECT 1 FROM information_schema.tables WHERE sleep(6);

As of MariaDB 10.1.2, you can set single statement timeouts with

SET STATEMENT max_statement_time=5 FOR
  SELECT ...

For migrations, you likely want to set a longer statement timeout. You can do this with

production:
  variables:
    max_statement_time: <%= ENV['MAX_STATEMENT_TIME'] || 5 %>

And use

MAX_STATEMENT_TIME=90 rails db:migrate

Official docs

Data Stores

activerecord

  • postgres adapter

    ActiveRecord::Base.establish_connection(connect_timeout: 1, checkout_timeout: 1, ...)

    or in config/database.yml

    production:
      connect_timeout: 1
      checkout_timeout: 1

    Raises

    • PG::ConnectionBad on connect and read timeouts
    • ActiveRecord::ConnectionTimeoutError on checkout timeout

    See also PostgreSQL statement timeouts

  • mysql2 adapter

    ActiveRecord::Base.establish_connection(connect_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1, write_timeout: 1, checkout_timeout: 1, ...)

    or in config/database.yml

    production:
      connect_timeout: 1
      read_timeout: 1
      write_timeout: 1
      checkout_timeout: 1

    Raises

    • Mysql2::Error on connect and read timeouts
    • ActiveRecord::ConnectionTimeoutError on checkout timeout

    See also MySQL statement timeouts

bunny

Bunny.new(connection_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1, ...)

Raises

  • Bunny::TCPConnectionFailedForAllHosts on connect timeout
  • Bunny::NetworkFailure on read timeout

cassandra-driver

Cassandra.cluster(connect_timeout: 1, timeout: 1)

Default: 10s connect timeout, 12s read timeout

Raises

  • Cassandra::Errors::NoHostsAvailable on connect timeout
  • Cassandra::Errors::TimeoutError on read timeout

connection_pool

ConnectionPool.new(timeout: 1) { ... }

Raises ConnectionPool::TimeoutError

couchrest

CouchRest.new(url, open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1, timeout: 1)

Raises

  • HTTPClient::ConnectTimeoutError on connect timeout
  • HTTPClient::ReceiveTimeoutError on read timeout

dalli

Dalli::Client.new(host, socket_timeout: 1, ...)

Default: 0.5s

Raises Dalli::RingError

drill-sergeant

Drill.new(url: url, open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1)

Default: 3s connect timeout, no read timeout

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

elasticsearch

Elasticsearch::Client.new(transport_options: {request: {timeout: 1}}, ...)

Raises

  • Faraday::ConnectionFailed on connect timeout
  • Faraday::TimeoutError on read timeout

hiredis

conn = Hiredis::Connection.new
conn.timeout = 1_000_000 # microseconds

Raises

  • Errno::ETIMEDOUT on connect timeout
  • Errno::EAGAIN on read timeout

influxdb

InfluxDB::Client.new(open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1)

Raises InfluxDB::ConnectionError

meilisearch

Not configurable at the moment

Default: 1s

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

mongo

Mongo::Client.new([host], connect_timeout: 1, socket_timeout: 1, server_selection_timeout: 1, ...)

Raises Mongo::Error::NoServerAvailable

mongoid

production:
  clients:
    default:
      options:
        connect_timeout: 1
        socket_timeout: 1
        server_selection_timeout: 1

Raises Mongo::Error::NoServerAvailable

mysql2

Mysql2::Client.new(connect_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1, write_timeout: 1, ...)

Raises Mysql2::Error

neo4j

config.neo4j.session.options = {
  faraday_configurator: lambda do |faraday|
    faraday.adapter :typhoeus
    faraday.options[:open_timeout] = 5
    faraday.options[:timeout] = 65
  end
}

Raises Faraday::TimeoutError

pg

PG.connect(connect_timeout: 1, ...)

Raises PG::ConnectionBad

presto-client

Presto::Client.new(http_open_timeout: 1, http_timeout: 1)

Raises

  • Faraday::ConnectionFailed on connect timeout
  • Faraday::TimeoutError on read timeout

redis

Redis.new(connect_timeout: 1, timeout: 1, ...)

Default: 5s

Raises

  • Redis::CannotConnectError on connect timeout
  • Redis::TimeoutError on read timeout

riddle

client = Riddle::Client.new
client.timeout = 1

Raises Riddle::ResponseError

rsolr

RSolr.connect(open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1)

Raises

  • RSolr::Error::ConnectionRefused on connect timeout
  • RSolr::Error::Http on read timeout

ruby-druid

Not configurable at the moment

Default: 10s connect timeout, no read timeout

ruby-kafka

Kafka.new(connect_timeout: 1, socket_timeout: 1)

Raises Kafka::ConnectionError

searchkick

Searchkick.timeout = 1
Searchkick.search_timeout = 1

Default: 10s

Raises same exceptions as elasticsearch

sequel

  • postgres adapter

    Sequel.connect(connect_timeout: 1, pool_timeout: 1, ...)
    • Sequel::DatabaseConnectionError on connect and read timeouts
    • Sequel::PoolTimeout on checkout timeout
  • mysql2 adapter

    Sequel.connect(timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1, connect_timeout: 1, pool_timeout: 1, ...)

    Raises

    • Sequel::DatabaseConnectionError on connect and read timeouts
    • Sequel::PoolTimeout on checkout timeout

typesense

Typesense::Client.new(connection_timeout_seconds: 1)

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

HTTP Clients

curb

curl = Curl::Easy.new(url)
curl.connect_timeout = 1
curl.timeout = 1
curl.perform

Raises Curl::Err::TimeoutError

em-http-client

EventMachine.run do
  http = EventMachine::HttpRequest.new(url, connect_timeout: 1, inactivity_timeout: 1).get
  http.errback  { http.error }
end

No exception is raised, but http.error is set to Errno::ETIMEDOUT in http.errback.

excon

Excon.get(url, connect_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1, write_timeout: 1)

Raises Excon::Errors::Timeout

faraday

Faraday.get(url) do |req|
  req.options.open_timeout = 1
  req.options.timeout = 1
end

or

Faraday.new(url, request: {open_timeout: 1, timeout: 1}) do |faraday|
  # ...
end

Raises

  • Faraday::ConnectionFailed on connect timeout
  • Faraday::TimeoutError on read timeout

http

HTTP.timeout(connect: 1, read: 1, write: 1).get(url)

Raises HTTP::TimeoutError

httparty

HTTParty.get(url, timeout: 1)

or

class Resource
  include HTTParty

  default_timeout 1
  # or
  open_timeout 1
  read_timeout 1
  write_timeout 1
end

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

httpclient

client = HTTPClient.new
client.connect_timeout = 1
client.receive_timeout = 1
client.send_timeout = 1
client.get(url)

Raises

  • HTTPClient::ConnectTimeoutError on connect timeout
  • HTTPClient::ReceiveTimeoutError on read timeout

httpi

HTTPI::Request.new(url: url, open_timeout: 1)

Raises same errors as underlying client

net/http

Net::HTTP.start(host, port, open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1, write_timeout: 1) do
  # ...
end

or

http = Net::HTTP.new(host, port)
http.open_timeout = 1
http.read_timeout = 1
http.write_timeout = 1

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout
  • Net::WriteTimeout on write timeout

Default: 60s connect timeout, 60s read timeout, 60s write timeout

Write timeout can be set in Ruby 2.6+. Read timeouts are retried once automatically for idempotent methods like GET. In Ruby 2.5+, you can set the number of retries with http.max_retries = 1.

open-uri

open(url, open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1)

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

patron

sess = Patron::Session.new
sess.connect_timeout = 1
sess.timeout = 1

Raises Patron::TimeoutError

rest-client

RestClient::Request.execute(method: :get, url: url, open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1)

# shorthand to set open_timeout = read_timeout = 1
RestClient::Request.execute(method: :get, url: url, timeout: 1)

Same options also work with RestClient::Resource.

Raises

  • RestClient::Exceptions::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • RestClient::Exceptions::ReadTimeout on read timeout

Default: 60s connect timeout, 60s read timeout

typhoeus

response = Typhoeus.get(url, connecttimeout: 1, timeout: 1)

No exception is raised. Check for a timeout with

response.timed_out?

unirest

Unirest.timeout(1)

Connect timeout is not configurable

Default: 10s read timeout, no connect timeout

Raises RuntimeError

Commands

frontkick

Frontkick.exec(command, timeout: 1)

Raises Frontkick::Timeout

mixlib-shellout

Mixlib::ShellOut.new(command, timeout: 1)

Raises Mixlib::ShellOut::CommandTimeout

posix-spawn

POSIX::Spawn::Child.new(command, timeout: 1)

Raises POSIX::Spawn::TimeoutExceeded

tty-command

TTY::Command.new(timeout: 1)

or

cmd.run(command, timeout: 1)

Raises TTY::Command::TimeoutExceeded

Web Servers

puma

# config/puma.rb
worker_timeout 15

Default: 30s

This kills and respawns the worker process. Note that this is for the worker and not threads. This isn’t a request timeout either. Use Rack middleware for request timeouts.

# config/puma.rb
worker_shutdown_timeout 8

Default: 60s

This causes Puma to send a SIGKILL signal to a worker if it hasn’t shutdown within the specified time period after having received a SIGTERM signal.

unicorn

# config/unicorn.rb
timeout 15

Default: 60s

This kills and respawns the worker process.

It’s recommended to use this in addition to Rack middleware.

Rack Middleware

rack-timeout

use Rack::Timeout,
  service_timeout:   15,     # ENV["RACK_TIMEOUT_SERVICE_TIMEOUT"]
  wait_timeout:      30,     # ENV["RACK_TIMEOUT_WAIT_TIMEOUT"]
  wait_overtime:     60,     # ENV["RACK_TIMEOUT_WAIT_OVERTIME"]
  service_past_wait: false,  # ENV["RACK_TIMEOUT_SERVICE_PAST_WAIT"]
  term_on_timeout:   false   # ENV["RACK_TIMEOUT_TERM_ON_TIMEOUT"]

Default: 15s service timeout, 30s wait timeout

Raises Rack::Timeout::RequestTimeoutError or Rack::Timeout::RequestExpiryError

Read more here

Note: The approach used by Rack::Timeout can leave your application in an inconsistent state, as described here. You can use term on timeout to avoid this.

slowpoke

Slowpoke.timeout = 5

Default: 15s

Raises same exceptions as rack-timeout

Solvers

or-tools

routing.solve(time_limit: 1)

osqp

solver.solve(p, q, a, l, u, time_limit: 1)

Check for a status of run time limit reached for a timeout

ruby-cbc

problem.set_time_limit(1)

or

problem.solve(sec: 1)

Check for a timeout with

problem.time_limit_reached?

scs

Not configurable at the moment, and no timeout by default (requires support in C API)

Distributed Locks

activerecord

ActiveRecord::Base.connection.get_advisory_lock(123)

Returns false if lock cannot be immediately acquired

mlanett-redis-lock

redis.lock(key, life: 1, acquire: 1) do |lock|
  # ...
end

Default: 10s acquisition timeout

Raises Redis::Lock::LockNotAcquired

redlock

lock_manager.lock!(key, 1000) do
  # ...
end

Default: 200ms acquisition timeout with 3 retries

Raises Redlock::LockError

suo

Suo::Client::Memcached.new(key, acquisition_timeout: 1)

or

Suo::Client::Redis.new(key, acquisition_timeout: 1)

Default: 0.1s acquisition timeout with 10 retries

The lock method returns nil on timeout

with_advisory_lock

ActiveRecord::Base.with_advisory_lock("123", timeout_seconds: 1) do
  # ...
end

Returns false on acquisition timeout

3rd Party Services

airrecord

Not configurable at the moment, and no timeout by default

airtable

Airtable::Resource.default_timeout 1

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

algoliasearch

Algolia.init(
  connect_timeout: 1,
  send_timeout: 1,
  receive_timeout: 1,
  batch_timeout: 1,
  search_timeout: 1
)

Raises Algolia::AlgoliaProtocolError

aws-sdk

Aws.config = {
  http_open_timeout: 1,
  http_read_timeout: 1
}

Or with a client

Aws::S3::Client.new(
  http_open_timeout: 1,
  http_read_timeout: 1
)

Raises Seahorse::Client::NetworkingError

azure

Not configurable at the moment, and no timeout by default

bitly

Not configurable at the moment, and no timeout by default

boxr

Not configurable at the moment, and no timeout by default

checkr-official

Default: 30s connect timeout, 60s read timeout

Not configurable at the moment

clearbit

Clearbit::Resource.options = {timeout: 1}

Raises Nestful::TimeoutError

coinbase

Not configurable at the moment

dogapi

timeout = 1
Dogapi::Client.new(api_key, nil, nil, nil, false, timeout)

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

dropbox-sdk

Not configurable at the moment

Default: No connect timeout, 600s read timeout

droplet_kit

DropletKit::Client.new(open_timeout: 1, timeout: 1)

Raises

  • Faraday::ConnectionFailed on connect timeout
  • Faraday::TimeoutError on read timeout

fastly

Not configurable at the moment, and no timeout by default

firebase

firebase = Firebase::Client.new(url)
firebase.request.connect_timeout = 1
firebase.request.receive_timeout = 1
firebase.request.send_timeout = 1

Raises

  • HTTPClient::ConnectTimeoutError on connect timeout
  • HTTPClient::ReceiveTimeoutError on read timeout

flickraw

Not configurable at the moment

gibbon

Gibbon::Request.new(open_timeout: 1, timeout: 1, ...)

Raises Gibbon::MailChimpError

github_api

Github.new(connection_options: {request: {open_timeout: 1, timeout: 1}})

Raises

  • Faraday::ConnectionFailed on connect timeout
  • Faraday::TimeoutError on read timeout

google-api-client

client = Google::Apis::DriveV2::DriveService.new
client.client_options.open_timeout_sec = 1
client.client_options.read_timeout_sec = 1

Raise Google::Apis::TransmissionError

google-cloud

Google::Cloud::Storage.new(timeout: 1)

Raises Google::Cloud::Error

hipchat

[HipChat::Client, HipChat::Room, HipChat::User].each { |c| c.default_timeout(1) }

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

intercom

client = Intercom::Client.new(token: token)
client.options(Intercom::Client.set_timeouts(open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1))

Raises

  • Intercom::ServiceConnectionError on connect timeout (inherits from Intercom::IntercomError)
  • Intercom::ServiceUnavailableError on read timeout (inherits from Intercom::IntercomError)

koala

Koala.http_service.http_options = {request: {open_timeout: 1, timeout: 1}}

Raises

  • Faraday::ConnectionFailed on connect timeout
  • Faraday::TimeoutError on read timeout

linkedin

Not configurable at the moment, and no timeout by default.

octokit

Octokit::Client.new(connection_options: {request: {open_timeout: 1, timeout: 1}})

Raises

  • Faraday::ConnectionFailed on connect timeout
  • Faraday::TimeoutError on read timeout

pinterest-api

Pinterest::Client.new(access_token, request: {open_timeout: 1, timeout: 1})

Raises

  • Faraday::ConnectionFailed on connect timeout
  • Faraday::TimeoutError on read timeout

pwned

Pwned::Password.new("password", open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1)

Raises Pwned::TimeoutError

restforce

Restforce.new(timeout: 1)

Raises

  • Faraday::ConnectionFailed on connect timeout
  • Faraday::TimeoutError on read timeout

rspotify

Not configurable at the moment, and no timeout by default

shopify_api

ShopifyAPI::Base.timeout = 1

Raises ActiveResource::TimeoutError

sift

Sift::Client.new(timeout: 1)

Default: 2s

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

slack-notifier

Slack::Notifier.new(webhook_url, http_options: {open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1})

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

slack-ruby-client

Slack::Web::Client.new(open_timeout: 1, timeout: 1)

Raises

  • Faraday::ConnectionFailed on connect timeout
  • Faraday::TimeoutError on read timeout

smartystreets_ruby_sdk

SmartyStreets::ClientBuilder.new(credentials).with_max_timeout(1)

Connect timeout is not configurable at the moment

Raises Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

soda-ruby

SODA::Client.new(timeout: 1)

Connect timeout is not configurable at the moment

Raises Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

soundcloud

Not configurable at the moment, and no timeout by default

stripe

Stripe.open_timeout = 1
Stripe.read_timeout = 1

Default: 30s connect timeout, 80s read timeout

Raises Stripe::APIConnectionError

tamber

Tamber.open_timeout = 1
Tamber.read_timeout = 1

Raises Tamber::NetworkError

twilio-ruby

http_client = Twilio::HTTP::Client.new(timeout: 1)
Twilio::REST::Client.new(account_sid, auth_token, nil, nil, http_client)

Default: 30s

Raises Twilio::REST::TwilioError

twitter

Twitter::REST::Client.new do |config|
  config.timeouts = {connect: 1, read: 1, write: 1}
end

Raises HTTP::TimeoutError

yt

Not configurable at the moment, and no timeout by default

zendesk_api

ZendeskAPI::Client.new do |config|
  config.client_options = {request: {open_timeout: 1, timeout: 1}}
end

Default: 10s connect timeout, no read timeout

Raises ZendeskAPI::Error::NetworkError

Other

acme-client

Acme::Client.new(connection_options: {request: {open_timeout: 1, timeout: 1}})

Raises

  • Faraday::ConnectionFailed on connect timeout
  • Faraday::TimeoutError on read timeout

actionmailer

ActionMailer::Base.smtp_settings = {
  open_timeout: 1,
  read_timeout: 1
}

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

activemerchant

ActiveMerchant::Billing::Gateway.open_timeout = 1
ActiveMerchant::Billing::Gateway.read_timeout = 1

Default: 60s

Raises ActiveMerchant::ConnectionError

activeresource

class Person < ActiveResource::Base
  self.open_timeout = 1
  self.read_timeout = 1
end

Raises ActiveResource::TimeoutError

active_shipping

client = ActiveShipping::USPS.new(login: "developer-key")
client.open_timeout = 1
client.read_timeout = 1

Default: 2s connect timeout, 10s read timeout

Raises ActiveUtils::ConnectionError

carrot2

Carrot2.new(open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1)

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

docker-api

Docker.options = {
  read_timeout: 1
}

Connect timeout not configurable

Raises Docker::Error::TimeoutError

etcd

client = Etcd.client(read_timeout: 1)

Connect timeout not configurable

Default: 60s read timeout

Raises

  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

etcdv3

Etcdv3.new(command_timeout: 1)

or

conn.get(key, timeout: 1)

Raises GRPC::DeadlineExceeded

fastimage

FastImage.size(url, timeout: 1)

Returns nil on timeouts

If you pass raise_on_failure: true, raises FastImage::ImageFetchFailure

geocoder

Geocoder.configure(timeout: 1, ...)

No exception is raised by default. To raise exceptions, use

Geocoder.configure(timeout: 1, always_raise: :all, ...)

Raises Geocoder::LookupTimeout

graphql-client

GraphQL::Client::HTTP.new(url) do
  def connection
    conn = super
    conn.open_timeout = 1
    conn.read_timeout = 1
    conn
  end
end

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

grpc

RouteGuide::Stub.new(addr, :this_channel_is_insecure, timeout: 1)

Raises GRPC::DeadlineExceeded

kubeclient

Kubeclient::Client.new(url, timeouts: {open: 1, read: 1})

Raises KubeException

Default: 60s connect timeout, 60s read timeout

mail

Mail.defaults do
  delivery_method :smtp, open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1
end

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

mechanize

agent = Mechanize.new
agent.open_timeout = 1
agent.read_timeout = 1

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

nats-pure

nats = NATS::IO::Client.new
nats.connect(connect_timeout: 1)

Raises NATS::IO::SocketTimeoutError

nestful

Nestful::Request.new(url, timeout: 1)

or

class Resource < Nestful::Resource
  options timeout: 1
end

Raises Nestful::TimeoutError

net-dns

Net::DNS::Resolver.new(udp_timeout: 1)

Default: 5s

Raises Net::DNS::Resolver::NoResponseError

net/ftp

Net::FTP.new(host, open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1)

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

net/ldap

Net::LDAP.new(host: host, connect_timeout: 1)

Read timeout not configurable at the moment

Default: 5s connect timeout, no read timeout

Raises Net::LDAP::Error

net-ntp

timeout = 1
Net::NTP.get(host, port, timeout)

Raises Timeout::Error

net-scp

Net::SCP.start(host, user, timeout: 1)

Raises Net::SSH::ConnectionTimeout

net-sftp

Net::SFTP.start(host, user, timeout: 1)

Raises Net::SSH::ConnectionTimeout

net/smtp

smtp = Net::SMTP.new(host, 25)
smtp.open_timeout = 1
smtp.read_timeout = 1

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

net-ssh

Net::SSH.start(host, user, timeout: 1)

Raises Net::SSH::ConnectionTimeout

net-telnet

Net::Telnet::new("Host" => host, "Timeout" => 1)

Raises

  • Net::OpenTimeout on connect timeout
  • Net::ReadTimeout on read timeout

omniauth-oauth2

Not configurable at the moment, and no timeout by default

reversed

Reversed.lookup("8.8.8.8", timeout: 1)

Returns nil on timeouts

savon

Savon.client(wsdl: url, open_timeout: 1, read_timeout: 1)

Raises

  • HTTPClient::ConnectTimeoutError on connect timeout
  • HTTPClient::ReceiveTimeoutError on read timeout

socket

Socket.tcp(host, 80, connect_timeout: 1) do |sock|
  # ...
end

Raises Errno::ETIMEDOUT

spydr

Spidr.open_timeout = 1
Spidr.read_timeout = 1

No exception is raised. Check for failures with

agent = Spidr.site(url)
agent.failures

spyke

Spyke::Base.connection = Faraday.new(url: url) do |c|
  c.adapter Faraday.default_adapter
  c.options[:open_timeout] = 1
  c.options[:timeout] = 1
end

Raises Spyke::ConnectionError

stomp

Stomp::Client.new(start_timeout: 1, connect_timeout: 1, connread_timeout: 1, parse_timeout: 1)

Raises

  • Stomp::Error::StartTimeoutException on connect timeout
  • Stomp::Error::ReceiveTimeout on read timeout

vault

Vault.configure do |config|
  config.timeout = 1

  # or more granular
  config.ssl_timeout  = 1
  config.open_timeout = 1
  config.read_timeout = 1
end

Raises Vault::HTTPConnectionError

whois

Whois::Client.new(timeout: 1)

Default: 10s

Raises Timeout::Error

zk

Not configurable at the moment

Default: 30s

Raises Zookeeper::Exceptions::ContinuationTimeoutError

zookeeper

Not configurable at the moment

Default: 30s

Raises Zookeeper::Exceptions::ContinuationTimeoutError

Don’t see a library you use?

Let us know. Even better, create a pull request for it.

Rescuing Exceptions

Take advantage of inheritance. Instead of

rescue Net::OpenTimeout, Net::ReadTimeout

you can do

rescue Timeout::Error

Use

  • Timeout::Error for both Net::OpenTimeout and Net::ReadTimeout
  • Faraday::ClientError for both Faraday::ConnectionFailed and Faraday::TimeoutError
  • HTTPClient::TimeoutError for both HTTPClient::ConnectTimeoutError and HTTPClient::ReceiveTimeoutError
  • Redis::BaseConnectionError for both Redis::CannotConnectError and Redis::TimeoutError
  • Rack::Timeout::Error for both Rack::Timeout::RequestTimeoutError and Rack::Timeout::RequestExpiryError
  • RestClient::Exceptions::Timeout for both RestClient::Exceptions::OpenTimeout and RestClient::Exceptions::ReadTimeout

Existing Services

Adding timeouts to existing services can be a daunting task, but there’s a low risk way to do it.

  1. Select a timeout - say 5 seconds
  2. Log instances exceeding the proposed timeout
  3. Fix them
  4. Add the timeout
  5. Repeat this process with a lower timeout, until your target timeout is achieved

Running the Tests

git clone https://github.com/ankane/the-ultimate-guide-to-ruby-timeouts.git
cd the-ultimate-guide-to-ruby-timeouts
bundle install
node test/server.js

To run all tests, use:

bundle exec appraisal rake test

To run individual tests, use:

bundle exec appraisal faraday rake test

To add a new gem:

  1. Add it to Appraisals and run bundle exec appraisal generate
  2. Run bundle exec appraisal new_gem bundle
  3. Create test/new_gem_test.rb and run bundle exec appraisal new_gem rake test
  4. Add it to the appropriate section of the readme

And lastly...

Because time is not going to go backwards, I think I better stop now. - Stephen Hawking

🕓

About

Timeouts for popular Ruby gems

Resources

Releases

No releases published
You can’t perform that action at this time.