Correct-by-Design Smart Contracts: FSolidM / VeriSolid Framework
This repository contains the implementation of the FSolidM / VeriSolid framework, which allows designing and generating secure Solidity smart contracts. FSolidM / VeriSolid is built on WebGME. A hosted version of FSolidM is available online on CPS-VO for non-commercial and academic use.
What is FSolidM?
The adoption of blockchain-based distributed computation platforms is growing fast. Some of these platforms, such as Ethereum, provide support for implementing smart contracts, which are envisioned to have novel applications in a broad range of areas, including finance and Internet-of-Things. However, a significant number of smart contracts deployed in practice suffer from security vulnerabilities, which enable malicious users to steal assets from a contract or to cause damage. Vulnerabilities present a serious issue since contracts may handle financial assets of considerable value, and contract bugs are non-fixable by design.
To help developers create more secure smart contracts, we introduce FSolidM, a framework rooted in rigorous semantics for designing contracts as Finite State Machines (FSM). We present a design studio for creating FSMs on an easy-to-use graphical interface and for automatically generating Ethereum contracts. We have integrated in FSolidM a set of design patterns, which we implement as plugins that developers can easily add to their contracts to enhance security and functionality.
How to install FSolidM?
First, install the following:
On Ubuntu, you also need to install
To clone the repository, first install (if necessary):
and then clone the repository in your preferred directory, for example:
cd /home/$USER git clone https://github.com/anmavrid/smart-contracts.git
This makes the 'project root' for the git repo
Install packages with npm in the project root (
cd /home/$USER/smart-contracts npm install npm install webgme npm install -g bower bower install
Start mongodb locally by running the
mongod executable in your mongodb installation (you may need to create a
data directory or set
--dbpath). For example:
cd /home/$USER mkdir sc_data mongod --dbpath ./sc_data
wait until you see a line that says "[initandlisten] waiting for connections on port 27017".
Then, in a new terminal window, run
npm start from the project root (
smart-contracts) to start. For example:
cd /home/$USER/smart-contracts npm start
After the webgme server is up and there are no error messages in the console, open a valid address in the browser to start using the Smart Contracts. The default is http://127.0.0.1:8888/, you should see all valid addresses in the console.
Create New… to create a new project.
After entering a project name of your choice, import the seed
SC to start working on smart contracts!
IMPORTANT: To use the VerifyContract plugin, please download the nuXmv tool (version 1.1.1) from https://es-static.fbk.eu/tools/nuxmv/index.php?n=Download.Download and just add it in the smart-contracts/verificationTools folder.
- Collaborative, automatically versioned web-based development.
- Dedicated Transition System Editors. In the upper left corner you can see the plugins offered by the tool for: 1) adding functionality through design patterns; 2) generating Solidity code and 3) verifying smart contracts.
- Fully integrated Solidity code development.
- Templates for writing security properties in natural language when running the VerifyContract plugin. If no property is specified the tool still verifies deadlock-freedom.
- The verification results are returned to the user. If a security property is not true, FSolidM returns a counter-example that invalidates the property.
- Embeddable documentation at every level of the model.