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Packer templates for Ubuntu

Overview

This repository contains templates for Ubuntu that can create Vagrant boxes using Packer.

Current Boxes

64-bit boxes:

  • Ubuntu Server 14.10 (64-bit), VMware 354MB/VirtualBox 302MB/Parallels 320MB
  • Ubuntu Server 14.10 (64-bit) with Docker preinstalled, VMware 478MB/VirtualBox 454MB/Parallels 457MB
  • Ubuntu Server 14.04.1 (64-bit), VMware 324MB/VirtualBox 288MB/Parallels 302MB
  • Ubuntu Desktop 14.04.1 (64-bit), VMware 1.1GB/VirtualBox 1.1GB/Parallels 1.1GB
  • Ubuntu Server 14.04.1 (64-bit) with Docker preinstalled, VMware 432MB/VirtualBox 412MB/Parallels 429MB
  • Ubuntu Server 12.04.5 (64-bit), VMware 284MB, VirtualBox 237MB/Parallels 265MB
  • Ubuntu Desktop 12.04.4 (64-bit), VMware 925MB/VirtualBox 815MB/Parallels 957MB
  • Ubuntu Server 12.04.5 (64-bit) with Docker preinstalled, VMware 393MB/VirtualBox 354MB/Parallels 375MB
  • Ubuntu Server 10.04.4 (64-bit), VMware 216MB/VirtualBox 191MB/Parallels 210MB

32-bit boxes:

  • Ubuntu Server 14.10 (32-bit), VMware 353MB/VirtualBox 314MB/Parallels 319MB
  • Ubuntu Server 14.04.1 (32-bit), VMware 322MB/VirtualBox 284MB/Parallels 298MB
  • Ubuntu Server 12.04.5 (32-bit), VMware 280MB/VirtualBox 226MB/Parallels 257MB
  • Ubuntu Server 10.04.4 (32-bit), VMware 224MB/VirtualBox 167MB/Parallels 207MB

Building the Vagrant boxes

To build all the boxes, you will need VirtualBox, VMware Fusion, and Parallels Desktop for Mac installed.

Parallels requires that the Parallels Virtualization SDK for Mac be installed as an additional preqrequisite.

A GNU Make Makefile drives the process via the following targets:

make        # Build all the box types (VirtualBox & VMware)
make test   # Run tests against all the boxes
make list   # Print out individual targets
make clean  # Clean up build detritus

Proxy Settings

The templates respect the following network proxy environment variables and forward them on to the virtual machine environment during the box creation process, should you be using a proxy:

  • http_proxy
  • https_proxy
  • ftp_proxy
  • rsync_proxy
  • no_proxy

Tests

The tests are written in Serverspec and require the vagrant-serverspec plugin to be installed with:

vagrant plugin install vagrant-serverspec

The Makefile has individual targets for each box type with the prefix test-* should you wish to run tests individually for each box. For example:

make test-box/virtualbox/ubuntu1404-nocm.box

Similarly there are targets with the prefix ssh-* for registering a newly-built box with vagrant and for logging in using just one command to do exploratory testing. For example, to do exploratory testing on the VirtualBox training environmnet, run the following command:

make ssh-box/virtualbox/ubuntu1404-nocm.box

Upon logout make ssh-* will automatically de-register the box as well.

Makefile.local override

You can create a Makefile.local file alongside the Makefile to override some of the default settings. The variables can that can be currently used are:

  • CM
  • CM_VERSION
  • <iso_path>
  • UPDATE

Makefile.local is most commonly used to override the default configuration management tool, for example with Chef:

# Makefile.local
CM := chef

Changing the value of the CM variable changes the target suffixes for the output of make list accordingly.

Possible values for the CM variable are:

  • nocm - No configuration management tool
  • chef - Install Chef
  • chefdk - Install Chef Development Kit
  • puppet - Install Puppet
  • salt - Install Salt

You can also specify a variable CM_VERSION, if supported by the configuration management tool, to override the default of latest. The value of CM_VERSION should have the form x.y or x.y.z, such as CM_VERSION := 11.12.4

The variable UPDATE can be used to perform OS patch management. The default is to not apply OS updates by default. When UPDATE := true, the latest OS updates will be applied.

Another use for Makefile.local is to override the default locations for the Ubuntu install ISO files.

For Ubuntu, the ISO path variables are:

  • UBUNTU1004_SERVER_AMD64
  • UBUNTU1004_SERVER_I386
  • UBUNTU1204_SERVER_AMD64
  • UBUNTU1204_SERVER_I386
  • UBUNTU1204_ALTERNATE_AMD64
  • UBUNTU1404_SERVER_AMD64
  • UBUNTU1404_SERVER_I386
  • UBUNTU1410_SERVER_AMD64
  • UBUNTU1410_SERVER_I386

This override is commonly used to speed up Packer builds by pointing at pre-downloaded ISOs instead of using the default download Internet URLs: UBUNTU1404_SERVER_AMD64 := file:///Volumes/Ubuntu/ubuntu-14.04.1-server-amd64.iso

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Virtual machine templates for Ubuntu

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