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Joshua Smith
Latest commit 31f1041 Oct 3, 2018

LAMP Stack + HAProxy: Example Playbooks

  • Requires Ansible 1.2
  • Expects CentOS/RHEL 6 hosts

This example is an extension of the simple LAMP deployment. Here we'll install and configure a web server with an HAProxy load balancer in front, and deploy an application to the web servers. This set of playbooks also have the capability to dynamically add and remove web server nodes from the deployment. It also includes examples to do a rolling update of a stack without affecting the service.

(To use this demonstration with Amazon Web Services, please use the "aws" sub-directory.)

You can also optionally configure a Nagios monitoring node.

Initial Site Setup

First we configure the entire stack by listing our hosts in the 'hosts' inventory file, grouped by their purpose:


After which we execute the following command to deploy the site:

	ansible-playbook -i hosts site.yml

The deployment can be verified by accessing the IP address of your load balancer host in a web browser: http://:8888. Reloading the page should have you hit different webservers.

The Nagios web interface can be reached at http:///nagios/

The default username and password are "nagiosadmin" / "nagiosadmin".

Removing and Adding a Node

Removal and addition of nodes to the cluster is as simple as editing the hosts inventory and re-running:

    ansible-playbook -i hosts site.yml

Rolling Update

Rolling updates are the preferred way to update the web server software or deployed application, since the load balancer can be dynamically configured to take the hosts to be updated out of the pool. This will keep the service running on other servers so that the users are not interrupted.

In this example the hosts are updated in serial fashion, which means that only one server will be updated at one time. If you have a lot of web server hosts, this behaviour can be changed by setting the 'serial' keyword in webservers.yml file.

Once the code has been updated in the source repository for your application which can be defined in the group_vars/all file, execute the following command:

 ansible-playbook -i hosts rolling_update.yml

You can optionally pass: -e webapp_version=xxx to the rolling_update playbook to specify a specific version of the example webapp to deploy.